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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 718-724, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993253

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of niraparib, the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor, on the radiosensitivity of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and to preliminarily investigate its mechanism.Methods:Human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma cells ECA-109 and KYSE-150 were divided into the control, niraparib, single irradiation, combined (niraparib+irradiation) groups. Cell proliferation was measured by CCK-8 assay. The changes of cell survival rate were detected by colony formation assay. The changes of cell cycle and apoptosis were analyzed by flow cytometry. The number of γH2AX foci was detected by immunofluorescence, and the expression levels of PARP-1, cleaved-PARP, RAD51, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) [extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) ] and p-MAPK (ERK1/2) proteins were determined by Western blot. All data were expressed as Mean±SD. Data between two groups conforming to normal distribution through the normality test were subject to independent sample t-test and multiple groups were analyzed using one-way ANOVA. Results:In human ESCC cells ECA-109 and KYSE-150, the proliferation of ESCC cells was significantly inhibited by niraparib combined with irradiation, and the values of average lethal dose (D 0), quasi-threshould dose(D q), survival fraction after 2 Gy irradiation (SF 2) in the combined group were decreased compared with those in the single irradiation group. The effect of irradiation alone on apoptosis of ECA-109 and KYSE-150 cells was limited. Compared to single irradiation group, irradiation combined with niraparib further increased the apoptosis rate in ESCC cells ( P=0.015, P=0.006). In ECA-109 cells, G 2/M phase arrest was significantly increased in combined group compared with irradiation alone group ( P<0.001). In ECA-109 cells, the number of γH2AX foci in combined group was higher than that in the single irradiation group after 2 h, and showed a significantly slower decay of γH2AX foci ( P<0.001). Moreover, niraparib combined with irradiation enhanced the radiation-induced cleavage of PARP-1 and down-regulated the expression of Rad51 and p-MAPK(ERK1/2). Conclusion:Niraparib can increase the radiosensitivity of esophageal cancer cells by inhibiting cell proliferation, promoting cell apoptosis, inhibiting the repair of DNA damage and regulating the MARK-ERK signaling pathway.

2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1870-1874, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996901

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the efficacy of micropulse laser combined with intravitreal injection of ranibizumab in the treatment of macular edema(ME)secondary to non-ischemic branch retinal vein occlusion(BRVO).METHODS: A total of 200 cases(200 eyes)of non-ischemic BRVO secondary to ME who were treated in our hospital from January 2020 to March 2022 were selected and divided into the control group(100 cases, 100 eyes)and the observation group(100 cases, 100 eyes)by random number table. The control group was given intravitreal injection of ranibizumab, and the observation group was given micropulse laser combined with intravitreal injection of ranibizumab. The best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), central macular thickness(CMT), subfoveal choroidal thickness(SFCT), total number of injections, macular leakage and complications were compared between two groups.RESULTS: After treatment, the BCVA of the two groups were improved, and the BCVA of the observation group was better than those in the control group at 1, 3, 6 and 12mo after treatment(all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). After treatment, the CMT and SFCT of the two groups decreased, and the CMT and SFCT of the observation group was lower than those in the control group at 1, 3, 6 and 12mo after treatment(all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). The total number of injections in the observation group during the treatment period was less than that in the control group [(4.06±1.12)times vs.(5.32±1.15)times](t=5.852, P&#x0026;#x003C;0.001). The leakage rates of the control group and the observation group after 12mo of treatment were 69.0% and 27.0% respectively, with statistical significance between the two groups(χ2=35.337, P&#x0026;#x003C;0.001). The incidence of complications in the control group and observation group were 11.0% and 5.0% respectively, with no statistical significance between the two groups(χ2=2.446, P=0.118).CONCLUSION: Micropulse laser combined with intravitreal injection of ranibizumab has a significant clinical efficacy in the treatment of ME secondary to non-ischemic BRVO, which is safe and can improve patients' vision and ME, reduce the total doses of ranibizumab without increasing the incidence of complications.

3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1365-1369, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996289

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the current situation and influencing factors of online psychological help seeking behavior among college students in Guangxi, China, so as to provide a scientific basis for improving the mental health of college students.@*Methods@#From March to June 2022, a convenient sampling method was employed to select 2 239 university students from eight universities in Guangxi. The survey included the College Student Online Psychological Help Behavior Questionnaire, General Help Seeking Questionnaire (GHSQ), Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help Scale short Form (ATSPPH-SF), and the 10 item Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (Kessler10) to statistically analyze online psychological help seeking behavior and associated influencing factors.@*Results@#The score of online psychological help seeking behavior among college students was ( 13.96± 5.20), and the scores of the three dimensions were as follows: online psychological self-help behavior (7.13± 2.95 ), online non-professional psychological help seeking behavior (4.28±2.19), online professional psychological help seeking behavior (2.54± 1.29 ). The factors influencing online psychological help seeking behavior were ranked as follows: mental health ( β = 0.32), CHSQ ( β =0.21), gender ( β =-0.09), ATSPPH-SF ( β =0.09) and registered residence ( β =0.08) ( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The online psychological help seeking behavior of college students in Guangxi is influenced by factors such as mental health. Seeking psychological help online has become a new form of support aimed at meeting the psychological health needs of college students, and constitutes an important supplement to offline psychological assistance. While there are similarities and differences between both modes, universities should pay attention to them.

4.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 294-301, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996158

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of pushing Qiaogong point with varying intensities for treating stage Ⅰ essential hypertension. Methods: A total of 72 patients diagnosed with stageⅠ essential hypertension were enrolled in this study. They were divided into three groups using the random number table method, including a control group, a gentle pushing group, and a heavy pushing group, with 24 patients in each group. All three groups received the same therapeutic lifestyle interventions. The control group received no additional interventions, the gentle pushing group received additional pushing Qiaogong point with gentle strength, and the heavy pushing group received additional pushing Qiaogong point with heavy strength. The treatment duration was 4 weeks, followed by a 4-week follow-up period, during which blood pressure changes were observed and analyzed in all three groups. Results: After treatment, the blood pressure levels in all three groups showed a significant decrease (P<0.05). The effective rate in the control group was 43.5%, in the gentle pushing group was 78.3%, and in the heavy pushing group was 33.3%. The reduction in blood pressure levels in the gentle pushing group was significantly superior to that in both the control group and the heavy pushing group, indicating inter-group statistical significance (P<0.01). The efficacy of the heavy pushing group was comparable to that of the control group, indicating no statistical significance (P>0.05). During the follow-up period, compared with the end of the treatment within the same group, the blood pressure levels remained stable in both the control group and the gentle pushing group, indicating no intra-group statistical significance (P>0.05). The heavy pushing group showed a significant decrease in diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and mean blood pressure (MBP) compared with the end of the treatment, indicating intra-group statistical significance (P<0.05). During the follow-up, the gentle pushing group had lower systolic blood pressure (SBP) and MBP compared with both the heavy pushing group and the control group, indicating inter-group statistical significance (P<0.01), while there was no inter-group statistical significance in comparing the DBP (P>0.05). There was no statistical significance in comparing the SBP, DBP, and MBP between the heavy pushing group and the control group (P>0.05). Conclusion: Pushing Qiaogong point with gentle strength combined with lifestyle interventions showed a higher effective rate and long-term blood pressure stability in the treatment of stage Ⅰ essential hypertension. Pushing Qiaogong point with varying intensities showed varying effects on patients with stage Ⅰ essential hypertension.

5.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 529-536, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980756

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of herbal cake separated moxibustion on macrophage effector molecule T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin-domain containing-4 (Tim-4) and ubiquitination of programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) in rabbits with immunosuppression, and to explore the possible mechanism on herbal cake separated moxibustion in improving immunosuppression.@*METHODS@#Thirty-two big-ear white rabbits were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, a moxa stick moxibustion group and a herbal cake separated moxibustion group, 8 rabbits in each group. Except the normal group, the immunosuppression model was established by intraperitoneal injection of cyclophosphamide of60 mg/kg in the other 3 groups. "Shenque" (CV 8), "Shenshu" (BL 23), "Zusanli" (ST 36), etc. were selected in both the moxa stick moxibustion group and the herbal cake separated moxibustion group. Moxa stick moxibustion was applied in the moxa stick moxibustion group, one cone at each acupoint; herbal cake separated moxibustion was applied in the herbal cake separated moxibustion group, 5 cones at each acupoint. The intervention was given once every other day for 10 times in both groups. Leukocyte content in peripheral blood was detected by blood cell analyzer; the positive expression of PD-1 in CD+4 T lymphocytes, CD+8T lymphocytes and CD+68 macrophages in peripheral blood was measured by flow cytometry, the serum levels of interleukin 2 (IL-2), CD8, CD68 and Tim-4 were detected by ELISA, and the expression of Tim-4 and F-box only protein 38 (FBXO38) in the liver and spleen tissues was measured by immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the normal group, in the model group, white blood cell count (WBC) and percentage of neutrophils (NEU%) were decreased while percentage of lymphocyte (LYM%) was increased (P<0.01) in peripheral blood; the positive expression rates of PD-1 in CD+4 T lymphocytes, CD+8T lymphocytes and CD+68 macrophages in peripheral blood were increased (P<0.01); the serum levels of IL-2, CD68 and Tim-4 were increased (P<0.01), the serum level of CD8 was decreased (P<0.01); the average optical density (AOD) of Tim-4 in the liver tissue and FBXO38 in the liver and spleen tissues was increased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, in the moxa stick moxibustion group and the herbal cake separated moxibustion group, WBC and NEU% were increased (P<0.01); the positive expression rates of PD-1 in CD+4 T lymphocytes, CD+8T lymphocytes and CD+68 macrophages in peripheral blood were decreased (P<0.01); the serum levels of IL-2, CD68 and Tim-4 were decreased (P<0.01), the serum levels of CD8 were increased (P<0.01); the AOD of Tim-4 and FBXO38 in the liver tissue and FBXO38 in the spleen tissue was decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05). Compared with the moxa stick moxibustion group, in the herbal cake separated moxibustion group, the positive expression rate of PD-1 in CD+68 macrophages in peripheral blood was increased (P<0.05); serum level of Tim-4 was increased (P<0.01); AOD of Tim-4 in the liver tissue was decreased (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Herbal cake separated moxibustion can improve immunosuppression by regulating the expression of macrophage effector molecule Tim-4 and the FBXO38 mediated ubiquitination of PD-1, Tim-4 may be one of the specific indexes of immunomodulation involving with herbal cake separated moxibustion.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Interleukin-2/genetics , Moxibustion , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor/genetics , Immunosuppression Therapy , Ubiquitination
6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1317-1322, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978626

ABSTRACT

Diabetic retinopathy(DR)is a neurovascular disease caused by the neurovascular unit(NVU)impairment. Immune imbalance and inflammation are key factors that affect the normal function of NVU and lead to the progression of DR. Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor protein 3(NLRP3)inflammasome is indicated as an important component of the inflammatory response, and it can identify endogenous danger signals, leading to the activation of caspase-1 and then activating a series of inflammatory cytokines and pyroptosis. Early activation of inflammasome maintains and promotes innate immunity against bacterial and viral infections, while excessive inflammasome activation results in excessive expression and ongoing action of inflammatory proteins, which in turn triggers off immune disorders and an inflammatory cascade that seriously harms the body. This review summarizes the recent research progress on the mechanism of NLRP3 inflammasome in NVU impairment of DR, including the related drugs targeting NLRP3 pathways.

7.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1279-1284, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978619

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the efficacy and safety of orthokeratology combined with 0.01% atropine solution in adolescents with myopia.METHODS: A total of 100 adolescent myopic patients(100 right eyes)who received treatment at the Department of Ophthalmology, People's Hospital of Hengshui from January 2019 to January 2022 were enrolled. All patients were divided into two groups based on the patient's preferences and randomized controlled principles: control group(n=50)and experimental group(n=50). Patients in the control group received orthokeratology alone, while those in the experimental group received orthokeratology in combination with 0.01% atropine solution. Treatment data for both groups were collected at 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12mo after treatment. The observed indicators included refraction, corneal curvature, axial length(AL), central corneal thickness(CCT), pupil diameter(PD), lipid layer thickness(LLT), break-up Time(BUT), root-mean-square of higher-order aberration(RMSh), subfoveal choroidal thickness(SFCT), corneal endothelial cell density(CD), and hexagonal cell ratio(HEX). The adverse reactions experienced during follow-up period were also observed and recorded.RESULTS: After 12mo of treatment, the refraction, corneal curvature, and AL in the experimental group were -2.42±0.17D, 38.89±1.18D and 25.44±0.23mm, respectively, which were significantly better than the control group(-2.56±0.19D, 40.12±1.65D and 25.54±0.19 mm, all P&#x003C;0.05). The CCT of the experimental group(538±33 μm)was lower than that of the control group(545±41 μm), while the PD of the experimental group was higher than that of the control group(6.38±0.38 mm vs. 6.12±0.37 mm, P&#x003C;0.05). LLT and BUT in the experimental group was 61.14±8.41 nm and 9.24±2.05s, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the control group(56.14±7.22 nm and 7.27±1.99s, all P&#x003C;0.05). RMSh in the experimental group was lower than that of the control group(0.73±0.21 μm vs. 0.85±0.12 μm, P&#x003C;0.05), and SFCT in the experimental group was significantly higher than that of the control group(289±55 μm vs. 282±59 μm, P&#x003C;0.05). Additionally, after 12mo of treatment, there was no significant difference in CD and HEX between the experimental group and the control group(all P&#x003E;0.05). The main adverse reactions of both groups during treatment period were photophobia, anaphylaxis, conjunctivitis and keratitis, but there was no significant difference between the two groups(all P&#x003E;0.05).CONCLUSION: Compared to orthokeratology alone, the combination of orthokeratology and 0.01% atropine solution effectively prevents and improves the development of adolescent myopia without increasing the incidence of adverse reactions.

8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4942-4949, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008663

ABSTRACT

Root rot is a microbial disease that is difficult to control and can result in serious losses in the planting of most Chinese medicinal materials. As high as 87.6% of roots or rhizomes of Chinese medicinal materials are susceptible to root rot, which seriously affects the cultivation development of Chinese medicinal materials. Trichoderma fungi, possessing biological control functions, can induce plants to improve their resistance to microbial diseases, promote plant growth, and effectively reduce the losses caused by various microbial diseases on cultivation. At present, Trichoderma is rarely used in the cultivation of Chinese medicinal materials, so it has great application potential for the prevention and control of root rot diseases in farmed Chinese medicinal materials. Based on the above situation, after comparison and discussion, it is believed that compared with chemical control and physical control, biological control of root rot diseases of Chinese medicinal materials is more efficient and meets the development needs of Chinese medicinal materials ecological planting in China. This paper reviewed the progress in the research and application of Trichoderma in the control of root rot diseases in the root and rhizome of farmed Chinese medicinal materials in the past 10 years and found that most of the current research on the biological control of root rot diseases in Chinese medicinal materials was mostly limited to the verification of the inhibitory effect of Trichoderma strains on the growth of the pathogenic microbes. Studies on the induction effect of Trichoderma on Chinese medicinal materials are not in depth. Studies on the responding mechanisms of most Chinese medicinal materials to Trichoderma are highly absent. Moreover, there are few reports on field experiments, which indicates that there is a long way to go before Trichoderma is widely applied in the farming practice of Chinese medicinal materials. To sum up, this paper aimed to link the present and the future and advocated further relevant research and more experiments on the application of Trichoderma in the farming of Chinese medicinal materials.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , Farms , Plant Diseases/microbiology , Rhizome , Trichoderma
9.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 1045-1056, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010308

ABSTRACT

Immunotherapy targeting immune checkpoint molecules has emerged as a key approach in cancer treatment, representing the forefront of antitumor research. However, studies on immune checkpoint molecules have mainly focused on targeted therapies. Chinese medicine (CM) research as a complementary medicine has revealed that immune checkpoint molecules also undergo disease-specific changes in the context of autoimmune diseases. This review article presents a comprehensive analysis of CM studies on immune checkpoint molecules in the last 5 years, with a focus on their role in different diseases and treatment modalities. CM research predominantly utilizes oral administration of herbal plant extracts or acupuncture techniques, which stimulate the immune system by activating specific acupoints through temperature and needling. In this study, we analyzed the modulation and mechanisms of immune checkpoint molecules associated with different coinhibitory and costimulatory molecules, and reviewed the immune functions of related molecules and CM studies in treating autoimmune diseases and tumors. By summarizing the characteristics and research value of CM in regulating immune checkpoint molecules, this review aims to provide a useful reference for future studies in this field.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , Immune Checkpoint Proteins , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Neoplasms/pathology , Autoimmune Diseases
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2896-2903, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981443

ABSTRACT

A rich diversity of wild medicinal plant resources is distributed in China, but the breeding of new plant varieties of Chinese medicinal plants started late and the breeding level is relatively weak. Chinese medicinal plant resources are the foundation for new varieties breeding, and the plant variety rights(PVP) are of great significance for the protection and development of germplasm resources. However, most Chinese medicinal plants do not have a distinctness, uniformity, and stability(DUS) testing guideline. The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs has put 191 plant species(genera) on protection lists, of which only 30 are medicinal species(genera). At the same time, only 29 of 293 species(genera) plants in the Protection List of New Plant Varieties of the People's Republic of China(Forest and Grass) belong to Chinese medicinal plants. The number of PVP applications and authorization of Chinese medicinal plants is rare, and the composition of variety is unreasonable. Up to now, 29 species(genera) of DUS test guidelines for Chinese medicinal plants have been developed. Some basic problems in the breeding of new varieties of Chinese medicinal plants have appeared, such as the small number of new varieties and insufficient utilization of Chinese medicinal plant resources. This paper reviewed the current situation of breeding of new varieties of Chinese medicinal plants and the research progress of DUS test guidelines in China and discussed the application of biotechnology in the field of Chinese medicinal plant breeding and the existing problems in DUS testing. This paper guides the further application of DUS to protect and utilize the germplasm resources of Chinese medicinal plants.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , Biotechnology , Plant Breeding , Plants, Medicinal/genetics
11.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 381-386, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982598

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of gene of phosphate and tension homology (PTEN)-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1)/Parkin pathway on hippocampal mitophagy and cognitive function in mice with sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE) and its possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 80 male C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into Sham group, cecal ligation puncture (CLP) group, PINK1 plasmid transfection pretreatment groups (p-PINK1+Sham group, p-PINK1+CLP group), empty vector plasmid transfection control group (p-vector+CLP group), with 16 mice in each group. The mice in CLP groups were treated with CLP to reproduce SAE models. The mice in the Sham groups were performed laparotomy only. Animals in the p-PINK1+Sham and p-PINK1+CLP groups were transfected with PINK1 plasmid through the lateral ventricle at 24 hours before surgery, while mice in the p-vector+CLP group were transfected with the empty plasmid. Morris water maze experiment was performed 7 days after CLP. The hippocampal tissues were collected, the pathological changes were observed under a light microscope after hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, and the mitochondrial autophagy was observed under a transmission electron microscopy after uranyl acetate and lead citrate staining. The expressions of PINK1, Parkin, Beclin1, interleukins (IL-6, IL-1β) and microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) were detected by Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the Sham group, CLP group mice in Morris water maze experiment had longer escape latency, shorter target quadrant residence time, and fewer times of crossing the platform at 1-4 days. Under the light microscope, the hippocampal structure of the mouse was injured, the neuronal cells were arranged in disorder, and the nuclei were pyknotic. Under the electron microscope, the mitochondria appeared swollen, round, and wrapped by bilayer or multilayer membrane structures. Compared with the Sham group, CLP group had higher expressions of PINK1, Parkin, Beclin1, LC3II/LC3I ratio, IL-6 and IL-1β in hippocampus, indicating that sepsis induced by CLP could activated inflammatory response and caused PINK1/Parkin-mediated mitophagy. Compared with the CLP group, p-PINK1+CLP group had shorter escape latencies, spent more time in the target quadrant and had more number of crossings in the target quadrant at 1-4 days. Under the light microscope, the hippocampal structures of mice was destroyed, the neurons were arranged disorderly, and the nuclei were pyknotic. Under transmission electron microscope, swollen and rounded mitochondria and mitochondrial structure wrapped by double membrane or multilayer membrane structure were observed. Compared with the CLP group, the levels of PINK1, Parkin, Beclin1 and LC3II/LC3 ratio in the p-PINK1+CLP group were significantly increased [PINK1 protein (PINK1/β-actin): 1.95±0.17 vs. 1.74±0.15, Parkin protein (Parkin/β-actin): 2.06±0.11 vs. 1.78±0.12, Beclin1 protein (Beclin1/β-actin): 2.11±0.12 vs. 1.67±0.10, LC3II/LC3I ratio: 3.63±0.12 vs. 2.27±0.10, all P < 0.05], while the levels of IL-6 and IL-1β were significantly decreased [IL-6 protein (IL-6/β-actin): 1.69±0.09 vs. 2.00±0.11, IL-1β protein (IL-1β/β-actin): 1.11±0.12 vs. 1.65±0.12, both P < 0.05], suggesting that overexpression of PINK1 protein could further activate mitophagy and reduce the inflammatory response caused by sepsis. There was no statistically significant difference in the above pathological changes and related indicators between Sham group and p-PINK1+Sham group, CLP group and p-vector+CLP group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#PINK1 overexpression can further activate CLP-induced mitophagy by upregulating Parkin, thereby inhibiting inflammation response and alleviate cognitive function impairment in SAE mice.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Sepsis-Associated Encephalopathy , Phosphates , Actins , Beclin-1 , Interleukin-6 , Autophagy , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases , Cognitive Dysfunction , Sepsis , Mitochondria , Protein Kinases
12.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 354-358, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986077

ABSTRACT

To explore the digital manufacturing process of distal extension removable partial denture. From November 2021 to December 2022, 12 patients (7 males and 5 females) with free-ending situation were selected from the Department of Prosthodontics, School of Stomatology, The Fourth Military Medical University. Three-dimensional model of the relationship between alveolar ridge and jaw position was obtained by intraoral scanning technique. After routine design, manufacturing and try-in of metal framework for removable partial denture, the metal framework was located in the mouth and scanned again to obtain the composite model of dentition, alveolar ridge and metal framework. The free-end modified model is obtained by merging the digital model of free-end alveolar ridge with the virtual model with the metal framework. The three-dimensional model of artificial dentition, and base plate was designed on the free-end modified model, and the resin model were made by digital milling technology. The removable partial denture was made by accurately positioning the artificial dentition and base plate, bonding metal framework with injection resin, grinding and polishing the artificial dentition and resin base. Compared with the design data after clinical trial, the results showed that there was an error of 0.4-1.0 mm and an error of 0.03-0.10 mm in the connection between the resin base of artificial dentition and the connecting rod of the in-place bolt and the connection between artificial dentition and resin base. After denturen delivery, only 2 patients needed grinding adjustment in follow-up visit due to tenderness, and the rest patients did not find any discomfort. The digital fabrication process of removable partial denture used in this study can basically solve the problems of digital fabrication of free-end modified model and assembly of artificial dentition with resin base and metal framework.

13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1186-1193, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970589

ABSTRACT

Chinese medicinal resources are the cornerstone of the sustainable development of traditional Chinese medicine industry. However, due to the fecundity of species, over-exploitation, and limitations of artificial cultivation, some medicinal plants are depleted and even endangered. Tissue culture, a breakthrough technology in the breeding of traditional Chinese medicinal materials, is not limited by time and space, and can allow the production on an annual basis, which plays an important role in the protection of Chinese medicinal resources. The present study reviewed the applications of tissue culture of medicinal plants in the field of Chinese medicinal resources, including rapid propagation of medicinal plant seedlings, breeding of novel high-yield and high-quality cultivars, construction of a genetic transformation system, and production of secondary metabolites. Meanwhile, the current challenges and suggestions for the future development of this field were also proposed.


Subject(s)
Sustainable Development , Plants, Medicinal/genetics , Plant Breeding , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Technology
14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 300-310, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970466

ABSTRACT

As one of the most frequent complications of diabetes, diabetic neuropathy often involves peripheral and central nervous systems. Neuroinflammation is the key pathogenic factor of secondary nerve injury in diabetes. NOD-like receptor pyrin domain-containing 3(NLRP3) inflammasome is a group of subcellular multiprotein complexes, including NLRP3, apoptosis associated speck-like protein(ASC), and pro-cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase 1(pro-caspase-1). NLRP3 inflammasome is an inducer of innate immune responses. Its activation stimulates the inflammatory cascade reaction, promotes the release of inflammatory mediators, triggers cell death and uncontrolled autophagy, activates glial cells, facilitates peripheral immune cell infiltration, and initiates amyoid β(Aβ)-tau cascade reactions. As a result, it contributes to the central nerve, somatic nerve, autonomic nerve, and retinal nerve cell damage secondary to diabetes. Therefore, due to its key role in the neuroinflammation responses of the body, NLRP3 inflammasome may provide new targets for the treatment of diabetic neuropathy. With multi-target and low-toxicity advantages, traditional Chinese medicine plays a vital role in the treatment of diabetic neuropathy. Accumulating evidence has shown that traditional Chinese medicine exerts curative effects on diabetic neuropathy possibly through regulating NLRP3 inflammasome. Although the role of NLRP3 inflammasome in diabetes and related complications has been investigated in the literature, systematical studies on drugs and mechanism analysis for secondary neuropathy are still lacking. In this article, the role of NLRP3 inflammasome in diabetic neuropathy was explored, and the research progress on traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of diabetic neuropathy through NLRP3 inflammasome was reviewed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Inflammasomes/metabolism , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/metabolism , Diabetic Neuropathies/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Neuroinflammatory Diseases , Inflammation , Diabetes Mellitus
15.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 393-400, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015715

ABSTRACT

Ubiquitination is a unique protein post-translational modification in eukaryotic cells. It regulates a variety of physiological processes, such as protein homeostasis, cell cycle, immune response, DNA repair, and vesicle transport. In view of the importance of ubiquitin in live cells, pathogens have derived a series of effector proteins targeting the host ubiquitin process in the long-term evolutionary process, aiming to regulate the ubiquitin process in the host and render an internal environment suitable for the growth and reproduction of pathogens. Legionella pneumophila is a gram-negative bacterium that is responsible for Legionella pneumoniae pneumonia, causing fever and lung infection with a fatality rate of 15% ~ 30% in severe cases. The Dot / Icm type IV secretory system is the most important virulence system in the infection of Legionella pneumophila. In the process of infecting host cells, Legionella pneumophila uses this secretion system to secrete more than 330 effector proteins to assist bacterial survival, proliferation and escape in host cells. Several effector proteins of Legionella pneumophila regulate the host ubiquitination process directly or indirectly. Recent studies found that some effectors can mediate non-canonical ubiquitination of host proteins, which is different from the classical ubiquitination process. Here, we introduce the latest research progress of novel ubiquitination mediated by effecting proteins of Legionella pneumophila, providing a reference for understanding the important role of ubiquitination in the pathogenesis of Legionella pneumophila.

16.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 531-537, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014114

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate whether DCP has pro- teetive effeet on 2 ,4-dimethylnitrosamine ( DMN) -induced liver fibrosis rat model and its effect on MAPK signaling pathway.Methods Hats were intraperitoneal ly injected with DMN to establish HF model,and then were randomly divided into five groups, namely model group, colchicine group, DCP low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose groups,and control group.The rats were given DMN continuously for six weeks.Serum was col-lected afterwards to detect biochemical indexes of liver function.HE and Masson staining and immunohisto- chemical experiments were performed on liver tissues.RT-PCR was applied to detect the expression of inflammatory factors.Western blot was used to detect the ex pression of proteins related to MAPK pathway,the preventive effect of DCP on HF was observed, and its in-tervention effect on MAPK pathway was explored.Results The liver function of rats in model group was severely impaired, with obvious hepatocyte damage, inflammatory cell infiltration and increased interstitial fibrosis , suggesting that the preparation of HF model was successful.Conclusions DCP can interfere with MAPK signaling pathway to inhibit the inflammatory response and alleviate the progression of HF in rats.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3669-3674, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964316

ABSTRACT

Phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL) can catalyze L-phenylalanine to produce trans-cinnamic acid, which is widely used in the fields of pharmacy, food and agriculture. In particular, phenylalanine ammonia lyase from Anabaena variabilis (AvPAL) is the only protein drug for the treatment of phenylketonuria. However, the poor activity and low stability limit the application in industry of AvPAL. In this study, the key amino acids of substrate-binding cavity in AvPAL were identified by screening the single site saturation mutagenesis library. Subsequently, the impact of replacing M222 with the additional 19 amino acids on activity was also evaluated by site-directed mutagenesis. It was found that the kcat values of mutants M222L and M222V were 90% and 60% higher than that of AvPAL, and the kcat/Km was 1.4 and 1.5 times as that of AvPAL. Molecular docking results revealed that the higher activity of M222L and M222V may be due to the increase of hydrophobicity favorable for the substrate-binding cavity. This study is important for elucidating the structure-function relationship of AvPAL.

18.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 522-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976131

ABSTRACT

@#Objective - - (BCL2L2)- ( ) To investigate the differential expression of the fusion gene BCL 2 like protein 2 poly A (PABPN1) ( ) binding protein nuclear 1 induced by sodium arsenite SA and its methylated metabolites in 16HBE cells and the Methods ) , related mechanism. i The 16HBE cells exposed to SA at concentrations of 1.5 3.0 and 4.5 µmol/L were set as -, - - low medium and high dose arsenic exposure groups. The 16HBE cells exposed to 4.5 µmol/L monomethylarsonic acid ( ), ( ) , MMA dimethylarsonic acid DMA and SA were set as MMA group DMA group and SA group. The 16HBE cells without , BCL2L2-PABPN1 toxic stimulation were set as control group. After the cells were cultured for 48 hours the expression of was - ( - ) ) ( ) detected by quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction qRT PCR . ii Two small interfering RNA siRNA silencing 基金项目:国家自然科学基金( ); 年云南省科技厅昆明医科大学应用基础研究联合专项面上项目 82160607 2021 ( ) 202101AY070001-054 作者简介:施雅( —),女,在读大学本科生,主要从事劳动卫生与环境卫生学研究;尹锦瑶( —),女,在读劳动卫生与环境卫 2001 1995 生学硕士研究生,主要从事劳动卫生与环境卫生学研究;施雅和尹锦瑶为共同第一作者 通讯作者:何越峰教授,博士研究生导师,- : E mail heyuefeng@kmmu.edu.cn中国职业医学 年 月第 卷第 期 , , , · · 2022 10 49 5 Chin Occup Med October 2022 Vol.49 No.5 523 BCL2L2-PABPN1, - fragments were designed and transfected into 16HBE cells to knockdown which were set as siRNA 1 group - - BCL2L2-PABPN1 and siRNA 2 group. Non transfected control group without knockdown of transfection was set up. After , BCL2L2-PABPN1 - culturing for 48 hours the expression level of in the three groups of cells was detected by qRT PCR. The cell - survival rate and early apoptosis rate were detected by MTS method and JC 1 mitochondrial membrane potential detection , ( ) , method respectively. The apoptosis was detected by Hoechest33342/propidium iodide PI double staining and the expression - Results ) level of P53 signaling pathway related proteins was detected by Western blotting. i The relative expression of BCL2L2-PABPN1 (P ) BCL2L2- in 16HBE cells increased with the increasing SA doses <0.01 . The relative expression of PABPN1 - , - - in high dose arsenic exposure was higher than that in control group low dose and medium dose arsenic exposure ( P ) BCL2L2-PABPN1 , groups all <0.05 . The relative expression of in SA group was higher than those in control group MMA ( P ) BCL2L2-PABPN1 group and DMA group all <0.05 . The relative expression of showed no significant difference between , ( P ) ) BCL2L2-PABPN1 control group MMA group and DMA group all >0.05 . ii The relative expression levels of and cell - - - ( P ) survival rate in siRNA 1 group and siRNA 2 group were lower than those in non transfected control group all <0.05 . , (P ) However there was no significant difference in the early apoptosis rate among the three groups >0.05 . The results of - Hoechest33342/PI double staining showed that the number of nuclear shrinkage and early apoptotic cells in siRNA 1 group and - - , - siRNA 2 group was higher than that in non transfected control group. The relative protein expression levels of P53 phospho , - - , - - ( P ) p53 BCL 2 associated death promoter P21 and cytochrome C in siRNA 1 group and siRNA 2 group were higher all <0.05 , - - P and the relative protein expression levels of P53 up regulated modulator of apoptosis were lower (all <0.05), when compared - Conclusion with the non transfected control group. SA may block the apoptosis of 16HBE cells by inducing the expression of BCL2L2-PABPN1 fusion gene . The mechanism may be related to the activation of P53 signaling pathway. The SA methylated BCL2L2-PABPN1 BCL2L2-PABPN1 - metabolites MMD and DMA had no effect on the expression of . may affect anti apoptosis BCL2L2 PABPN1 through affecting the synergistic effect of and genes.

19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 227-233, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940504

ABSTRACT

In the era of artificial intelligence based on big data, data acquisition, storage and processing are more convenient, which provides a guarantee for accelerating the development of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), but it has not yet achieved organic integration with TCM theory. Based on preliminary research on the supramolecular "Qi chromatography" theory of TCM, combined with the current development trend of artificial intelligence, this paper analyzed the biological intelligence attribute of the function of TCM supramolecular "imprinting template", in order to provide reference for the development of TCM drug innovation. Both the human body and Chinese materia medica are giant complex supramolecular bodies evolved from natural organisms. According to the "imprinting template", the "social molecules" are controlled step by step to form the meridians and viscera. The interaction produces the original theory of TCM, in which the self-recognition, self-assembly, self-organization and self-replication of the "imprinting template" reflect the "intelligence" function attributes:the human body uses the "imprinting template" to self-identify and sense the ingredients of TCM, and store the memory information database in the meridian and collateral organs in the form of "imprinting template", and then pass the "imprinting template". The comparison, analysis, and judgment of imprinting templates guide the self-assembly, self-organization and self-replication among "molecular society", synthesize biological machines, produce biological functions, repair or strengthen biological supramolecular bodies, and present the most basic "intelligence" attribute. This suggests that the theory of theory-method-prescription-medicine of TCM is the weak embodiment of biological "intelligence", while the human brain function is the strong embodiment of biological "intelligence". Since the intelligent function of supramolecular "imprinting template" runs through the natural world, artificial intelligence that can characterize the strong "intelligence" form of the human brain will also be integrated into all aspects of the natural world, suggesting the development direction of "intelligence" functionalization of drug innovation mode.

20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 198-206, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940437

ABSTRACT

Exosomes are lipid bilayer membranous vesicles actively secreted by various cells in the organism, which are like nanoparticles and have messenger targeting. Combining with the theory of supramolecular "Qi chromatography" of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), research ideas and strategies of modernization of TCM can be constructed. Exosomes are secreted by cells, and the membrane contains nucleic acids, proteins, lipids and small molecular metabolites and others, which can accurately coordinate the functions of each cell, concentrate and transmit the functional information of the parent cell, and is the concise form of reflecting cell functions. At the same time, it is loaded with the "imprinted templates" of the supramolecular "Qi chromatography" theory of TCM. If the "imprinted templates" carrying rules among the gene-protein-lipid-small molecules wrapped in it is studied, the modern experimental research ideas and strategies of TCM theory can be established for revealing the functions of the body's meridians and viscera. Firstly, the present situation of exosomes, including discovery, secretion, characteristics, functions, attribution, uptake, research methods and application status, were reviewed in this paper. And the natural properties of its precise messenger targeted delivery vehicle were elaborated, reflecting the operation law of microscopic substances in meridians and viscera. Secondly, to explore it as an important carrier of the concentrated "imprinted templates" of the supramolecular "Qi chromatography" theory of TCM, and integrating the research methods of exosomes and supramolecular chemistry of TCM, this paper proposes experimental research ideas and strategies on the microscopic material basis of meridians and viscera, compatibility of TCM compound, and targeting of TCM targeted preparations.

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