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1.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 24-28, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989891

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the effect of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (HT) on papillary thyroid carcinoma (РТС) .Methods:The clinical features and pathological characteristics of 682 patients who underwent surgical treatment for the first time from Sep. 1st,2019 to May. 1st, 2021 in Department of Thyroid, Breast and Hernia Surgery, and confirmed by postoperative pathology as papillary thyroid carcinoma were retrospectively analyzed. There were 189 male patients, and 493 female patients, 529 patients < 55 years old and 153 patients ≥55 years old. 476 patients were classified as PTC group and 206 patients as PTC combined with HT group. Chi square test was used to compare the difference between two groups in gender, age, thyroglobulin antibody, thyroid stimulating hormone, thyroid peroxidase antibodies, thyroid peroxidase, number of lesions, metastasis lymph node in central region, thyroid stimulating hormone receptor antibody, carcinoembryonic antigen, whether microcarcinoma, vascular invasion, glandular outside violation, capsule and lateral transfer analysis, ultrasonic calcification, etc. At the same time, all patients were divided into the group without central lymph node metastasis (345 cases) and the group with central lymph node metastasis (337 cases) . The χ 2 test was used to compare the differences between the two groups in terms of sex, age, number of lesions, microcarcinoma, vascular invasion, extradular invasion, capsular invasion, lateral cervical lymph node metastasis, ultrasonic calcification and so on, so as to analyze the differences in clinical characteristics between the two groups. Results:There were 206 cases (30.21%) in PTC combined with HT group and 476 cases (69.79%) in PTC without HT group. There were significant differences in gender (12/194 vs 177/299) ( P=0.000) , age (175/31 vs 354/122) ( P=0.002) , TgAb (115/91 vs 455/21) ( P=0.000) ,TSH (13/175/18 vs 33/429/14) ( P=0.004) , TPOAb (90/116 vs 422/54) ( P=0.000) , number of lesions (114/92 vs 325/151) ( P=0.001) and lymph node metastasis in central area (87/119 vs 250/226) ( P=0.014) between the two groups ( P < 0.05) , but there were no significant differences in TRAb (196/10 vs 461/15) ( P=0.171) , CEA (205/1 vs 469/7) ( P=0.478) , microcarcinoma (136/70 vs 309/167) ( P=0.781) , vascular invasion (4/202 vs 16/460) ( P=0.446) , extraglandular invasion (52/154 vs 108/368) ( P=0.470) , capsule invasion (149/57 vs 358/118) ( P=0.429) , lateral neck lymph node metastasis (31/175 vs 72/404) ( P=0.979) or ultrasonic calcification (157/49 vs 392/84) ( P=0.063) . Compared with PTC group, PTC combined with HT group had the characteristics of more women, younger age, high TgAb, high TSH, high TPOAb, multiple lesions and high proportion of non central lymph node metastasis. There were 345 cases (50.59%) without central lymph node metastasis and 337 cases (49.41%) with central lymph node metastasis. Gender (71/274 vs 118/219) ( P=0.000) , age (246/99 vs 283/54) ( P=0.000) , exadular invasion (66/279 vs 94/243) ( P=0.007) , number of lesions (240/105 vs 199/138) ( P=0.004) , microcarcinoma (259/86 vs 186/151) ( P=0.000) , calcification on ultrasound (250/95 vs 299/38) ( P=0.000) , and HT (119/226 vs 87/250) ) ( P=0.014) had statistical significance ( P<0.05) but had no statistical significance in capsule invasion (250/95 vs 257/80) ( P=0.256) or vascular invasion (10/335 vs 10/327) ( P=0.958) . In addition, patients in the group with central lymph node metastasis were more male, younger, with multiple lesions, exadenocarcinoma, less microcarcinoma, and calcification on ultrasound without hashimoto. Univariate analysis showed that gender, age, number of lesions, extraglandular invasion, calcification, microcarcinoma and Hashimoto had significant effects on lymph node metastasis in the central region; Multivariate analysis showed that the presence of microcarcinoma, ultrasonic calcification, Hashimoto and the number of lesions were independent risk factors for central lymph node metastasis. Conclusion:HT may promote the occurrence of PTC, but at the same time inhibit its development, so that PC patients with HT have a better prognosis.

2.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 499-504, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989489

ABSTRACT

The vascular endothelial cells (VECs) hypoxia/reoxygenation(H/R) model is a classic cell model that simulates vascular endothelial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and related diseases. It has the advantages of convenient operation, intuitive image, and good stability, and can accurately reflect pathological changes at the cellular level of diseases. It is widely used in the study of molecular mechanisms of drugs and diseases.There are many similarities in the mechanism and formation between the H/R model and the I/R injury model, but the I/R model is more complex. Therefore, in recent years, many scholars have used the H/R model to simulate the I/R model for experimental research, and believe that the H/R model is also an ideal model for studying I/R. By implementing intervention measures on the established H/R model of VECs, the potential effects of the intervention measures in clinical practice can be verified, which has guiding significance for how to prevent, treat, and how to exacerbate I/R injury in clinical practice. This article introduces the different methods used by scholars in recent years, such as medium deoxygenation and mixed gas culture method, to construct H/R models using VECs cultured in vitro to simulate I/R models. The differences in methods used and the subtle differences between the same methods are also discussed. At the same time, due to the relatively single method of constructing H/R models at present, how to find new, more efficient and affordable methods based on scientific and reasonable experiments has also become a focus of attention.

3.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E156-E163, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987929

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of pathologically elevated-cyclic stretch induced by hypertension on mitochondrial biogenesis of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), and the role of PGC1α in this process. Methods The Flexcell-5000T stretch loading system in vitro was applied to VSMCs with a frequency of 1. 25 Hz and an amplitude of 5% or 15% to simulate the mechanical environment under normal physiological or hypertensive pathological conditions respectively. Western blotting and qPCR were used to detect the expression of PGC1α, citrate synthase and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) copy number in VSMCs under normal physiological or hypertensive pathological conditions. VSMCs were treated with PGC1α specific activator ZLN005 to promote PGC1α expression or specific interfering fragment siRNA to inhibit PGC1α expression in order to detect the effect on citrate synthase and mtDNA copy number. Results Compared with 5% physiological cyclic stretch, 15% pathologically elevated-cyclic stretch significantly suppressed the expression of PGC1α, citrate synthase and mtDNA copy number in VSMCs. Compared with control group, the protein expression of PGC1α was significantly decreased and increased respectively. When VSMCs transfected with PGC1α siRNA or incubated PGC1α activator ZLN005, the expression of citrate synthase and mtDNA copy number were also significantly down regulated and up-regulated in VSMCs accordingly. Under physiological cyclic stretch conditions, the protein level of PGC1α was significantly down-regulated by PGC1α siRNA, which also significantly down-regulated citrate synthase expression and mtDNA copy number. The protein expression of PGC1α was significantly up-regulated by ZLN005, which also enhanced the expression of citrate synthase and mtDNA copy number. Conclusions The pathological cyclic stretch induced by hypertension significantly down-regulated the expression of citrate synthase and mtDNA copy number via suppressing the expression of PGC1α, resulting in mitochondrial dysfunction of VSMCs. PGC1α may be a potential therapeutic target molecule to alleviate the progression of hypertension.

4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 233-240, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971130

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish an intestinal organoid model that mimic acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD) caused intestinal injuries by using aGVHD murine model serum and organoid culture system, and explore the changes of aGVHD intestine in vitro by advantage of organoid technology.@*METHODS@#20-22 g female C57BL/6 mice and 20-22 g female BALB/c mice were used as donors and recipients for bone marrow transplantation, respectively. Within 4-6 h after receiving a lethal dose (8.0 Gy) of γ ray total body irradiation, a total of 0.25 ml of murine derived bone marrow cells (1×107/mice, n=20) and spleen nucleated cells (5×106/mice, n=20) was infused to establish a mouse model of aGVHD (n=20). The aGVHD mice were anesthetized at the 7th day after transplantation, and the veinal blood was harvested by removing the eyeballs, and the serum was collected by centrifugation. The small intestinal crypts of healthy C57BL/6 mice were harvested and cultivated in 3D culture system that maintaining the growth and proliferation of intestinal stem cells in vitro. In our experiment, 5%, 10%, 20% proportions of aGVHD serum were respectively added into the organoid culture system for 3 days. The formation of small intestinal organoids were observed under an inverted microscope and the morphological characteristics of intestinal organoids in each groups were analyzed. For further evaluation, the aGVHD intestinal organoids were harvested and their pathological changes were observed. Combined with HE staining, intestinal organ morphology evaluation was performed. Combined with Alcian Blue staining, the secretion function of aGVHD intestinal organoids was observed. The distribution and changes of Lgr5+ and Clu+ intestinal stem cells in intestinal organoids were analyzed under the conditions of 5%, 10% and 20% serum concentrations by immunohistochemical stainings.@*RESULTS@#The results of HE staining showed that the integrity of intestinal organoids in the 5% concentration serum group was better than that in the 10% and 20% groups. The 5% concentration serum group showed the highest number of organoids, the highest germination rate and the lowest pathological score among experimental groups, while the 20% group exhibited severe morphological destruction and almost no germination was observed, and the pathological score was the highest among all groups(t=3.668, 4.334,5.309,P<0.05). The results of Alican blue staining showed that the secretion function of intestinal organoids in serum culture of aGVHD in the 20% group was weaker than that of the 5% group and 10% of the organoids, and there was almost no goblet cells, and mucus was stainned in the 20% aGVHD serum group. The immunohistochemical results showed that the number of Lgr5+ cells of intestinal organoids in the 5% group was more than that of the intestinal organoids in the 10% aGVHD serum group and 20% aGVHD serum group. Almost no Clu+ cells were observed in the 5% group. The Lgr5+ cells in the 20% group were seriously injuried and can not be observed. The proportion of Clu+ cells in the 20% group significantly increased.@*CONCLUSION@#The concentration of aGVHD serum in the culture system can affect the number and secretion function of intestinal organoids as well as the number of intestinal stem cells in organoids. The higher the serum concentration, the greater the risk of organoid injury, which reveal the characteristics of the formation and functional change of aGVHD intestinal organoids, and provide a novel tool for the study of intestinal injury in aGVHD.


Subject(s)
Mice , Female , Animals , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Graft vs Host Disease , Stem Cells , Organoids
5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 166-173, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969612

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTaking the rat model of spleen-stomach damp-heat syndrome(SSDHS) as the research object, this study aimed to investigate the potential biomarkers of SSDHS and the related metabolic pathways based on urine metabolomics, and tried to reveal the essence of SSDHS at the level of endogenous small molecular metabolites. MethodSixteen SD rats were randomly divided into normal and model groups. The normal group was fed normal chow and the model group was fed with 200 g·L-1 honey water daily, and lard and Chinese Baijiu alternately on alternate days for 17 days. The SSDHS model rats were exposed to external dampness-heat environment with temperature at 30-34 ℃, relative humidity of 95% for 2 h at the same time every day from the 10th day for 7 d. Then, the model was evaluated by observing the general conditions of the rats, measuring the contents of motilin(MTL) and gastrin(GT) in plasma by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA), and examining the histopathology of gastronitestinal tissues. In additon, the urine metabolomics analysis was performed by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS), and the detection conditions was as follows:ACQUITY™ UPLC BEH C18 column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm), mobile phase of 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution(A)-0.1% formic acid acetonitrile solution(B) for gradient elution (0-3 min, 1%-18%B; 3-8 min, 18%-40%B; 8-10 min, 40%-100%B), the flow rate of 0.4 mL·min-1, electrospray ionization(ESI) in positive and negative ion modes, scanning range of m/z 50-1 000. The univariate and multivariate statistical analysis were constructed for screening inter-group differential ions, the element composition was calculated according to the precise relative molecular weight, and ion information was matched with databases such as Human Metabolome Database(HMDB) to identify biomarkers. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) database was used to obtain the biological information of metabolites, and their associated metabolic pathways were analyzed by MetaboAnalyst 5.0. ResultCompared with the normal group, the rectal temperature of the model group increased significantly(P<0.01), the levels of plasma MTL and GT decreased significantly(P<0.05, P<0.01), and pathological changes such as bleeding, congestion and inflammatory infiltration in the gastric and colonic tissues. A total of 25 differential metabolites such as L-histidine, citric acid and isocitric acid were found to be the potential biomarker of SSDHS by urine metabolomics, 13 of which were phase Ⅱ metabolites of endogenous substances(glucuronic acid conjugates, sulfuric acid conjugates and acetyl conjugates), involving the metabolic pathways of histidine metabolism, tricarboxylic acid cycle, glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism. ConclusionSSDHS primarily causes disorders of histidine metabolism, tricarboxylic acid cycle, glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism, as well as the imbalance of the activation/inactivation of endogenous metabolites, which may involve the immune response, material and energy metabolism, inflammatory response and intestinal flora, and may provide a basis for the establishment and application of SSDHS model.

6.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 498-502, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982776

ABSTRACT

Microorganisms are one of the important factors which maintain the homeostasis of human health. Despite recent advances, the relationship between microorganisms and head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is still unclear, and the impact of microorganisms on the incidence and prognosis of HNSCC cannot be neglected. Therefore, this article provides a systematic and comprehensive review summarizing the epidemiological evidence of microbial dysbiosis related to HNSCC and discusses the associations between them.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Epithelial Cells , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Microbiota , Prognosis , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
7.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 313-317, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982740

ABSTRACT

At present, objective methods for diagnosing laryngopharyngeal reflux disease(LPRD) are not minimally invasive, effective, and economical. Diagnostic scales are widely used worldwide due to the advantages of inexpensive, noninvasive, and easy to operate. The reflux symptom index(RSI) and the reflux finding score(RFS) are preferred to use in clinical diagnosis. However, many controversies have appeared in the application of RSI and RFS in recent years, causing many troubles to clinical diagnosis. Therefore, this review briefly discusses the problems of RSI and RFS in clinical applications to provide reference for diagnosing LPRD accurately.


Subject(s)
Humans , Laryngopharyngeal Reflux/diagnosis
8.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 484-489, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984648

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the efficacy and safety of polymyxin B in neutropenic patients with hematologic disorders who had refractory gram-negative bacterial bloodstream infection. Methods: From August 2021 to July 2022, we retrospectively analyzed neutropenic patients with refractory gram-negative bacterial bloodstream infection who were treated with polymyxin B in the Department of Hematology of the First Affiliated Hospital of the Soochow University between August 2021 to July 2022. The cumulative response rate was then computed. Results: The study included 27 neutropenic patients with refractory gram-negative bacterial bloodstream infections. Polymyxin B therapy was effective in 22 of 27 patients. The median time between the onset of fever and the delivery of polymyxin B was 3 days [interquartile range (IQR) : 2-5]. The median duration of polymyxin B treatment was 7 days (IQR: 5-11). Polymyxin B therapy had a median antipyretic time of 37 h (IQR: 32-70). The incidence of acute renal dysfunction was 14.8% (four out of 27 cases), all classified as "injury" according to RIFLE criteria. The incidence of hyperpigmentation was 59.3%. Conclusion: Polymyxin B is a viable treatment option for granulocytopenia patients with refractory gram-negative bacterial bloodstream infections.


Subject(s)
Humans , Polymyxin B/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections/complications , Fever/drug therapy , Sepsis/drug therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Bacteremia/complications
9.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 543-547, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933467

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the risk factors of residual tumor after thermal ablation in patients with small hepatocellular carcinoma.Methods:This was a retrospective study recruiting 107 patients diagnosed as single hepatocellular carcinoma with maximum diameter ≤3 cm from December 2009 to August 2015 in National Cancer Center. The cohort enrolled 81 males and 26 females, including 83 patients younger than 70 years old. All patients were treated with radiofrequency ablation or microwave ablation, and evaluated by CT or MRI after 4-6 weeks compared with baseline data. Potentially related factors were analyzed such as patients′ characteristics, tumor location and adjacent, ablation pattern, hepatitis B/C infection. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted for the independence of risk factors.Results:Six patients (5.6%) with residual tumor was detected in the whole population of 101 cases. Univariate analysis suggested that tumor adjacent to vascular structure, poor differentiation, AFP≥200 μg/L were the risk factors of residue disease (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression suggested that pathological type of poorly differentiated tumor was the only independent risk factor ( HR=2.26,95% CI 0.25-20.50, P=0.030). Conclusions:Poorly differentiated pathology is an independent predictive factor for residual disease in small hepatocellular carcinoma after thermal ablation. Such patients should be routinely followed up after operation.

10.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 253-254, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930339

ABSTRACT

This paper reports the clinical data of a patient with recurrent metastatic parathyroid carcinoma. The causes, clinical manifestation, diagnose, treatment and prognosis of parathyroid carcinoma were discussed in order to perfect the experience of diagnosis and treatment and improve the survival rate of such patients.

11.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E335-E341, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961733

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the role of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), a key regulator of cellular energy metabolism, in vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) migration in response to physiological cyclic stretch. Methods The Flexcell-5000T mechanical loading system was applied with a physiological cyclic stretch at 10% amplitude and 1.25 Hz frequency to primary rat VSMCs, to simulate mechanical stimulation of VSMCs in vivo. The protein expression of p-AMPK in VSMCs was detected by Western blotting, and VSMC migration was detected by wound healing test. Results Compared with the static group, physiological cyclic stretch loading for 24 h significantly decreased the area of wound healing, indicating that physiological cyclic stretch inhibited VSMC migration. The protein expression of p-AMPK in VSMCs was increased significantly after physiological cyclic stretch loading for 3 h, and was decreased significantly after 24 h. Under physiological cyclic stretch loading conditions, incubating AMPK inhibitor could significantly reduce the protein expression of p-AMPK after 3 h, and promote VSMC migration after 24 h; incubating AMPK activator AICAR under static conditions significantly increased the protein expression of p-AMPK after 3 h, and weakened VSMC migration after 24 h. Conclusions Physiological cyclic stretch inhibits VSMC migration by increasing the protein expression of p-AMPK, indicating that VSMC migration regulated by physiological cyclic stretch is of great significance for maintaining vascular homeostasis.

12.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 403-408,429, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989279

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of silencing kinesin KIF4A in thyroid cancer tissues and its relationship with clinicopathological characteristics of thyroid cancer patients, and to assess the role of KIF4A in the progression of thyroid cancer.Methods:The expression of KIF4A in normal thyroid tissues and the thyroid cancer population and its relationship with disease-free survival of patients were analyzed online by gene expression interaction analysis (GEPIA) database, and the expression of KIF4A in tumor tissues and paraneoplastic tissues of thyroid cancer patients was assessed by immunohistochemical assays. The patients were divided into high- and low-expression groups according to the staining intensity, and the correlation between the expression of KIF4A and clinicopathological features was analyzed. The effect of KIF4A on the proliferation of thyroid cancer cells was explored by a clone formation assay and an MTT assay.Results:According to the analysis of the web-based database, KIF4A showed significantly high expression in human thyroid cancer tissues, and disease-free survival was significantly lower in highly expressed patients. The results of the case analysis showed that the correlation between KIF4A expression intensity and gender, age, and lymph node metastasis in thyroid cancer patients was not statistically significant (all P>0.05), and the correlation with TNM stage and intraglandular dissemination was statistically significant (all P<0.05). The results of the colony formation assay and the MTT assay showed that the expression of KIF4A promoted the proliferation of thyroid cancer cells ( P<0.05). Conclusions:KIF4A can promote the progression of thyroid cancer and has the potential to become a new therapeutic target for thyroid cancer.

13.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 411-415, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954610

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the marker of ferroptosis-related genes in differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) based on TCGA database.Methods:The mRNA expression profiles and survival information of thyroid cancer patients and normal thyroid samples were downloaded from the TCGA database. The genetic difference analysis added 653 normal thyroid samples from the GETx database. Twenty-two ferroptosis-related genes were selected for univariate Cox regression analysis. Genes associated with prognostic in the TCGA cohort were further screened and prognostic models using LASSO regression was constructed. Adjusted P<0.05 and | log2FC>1" as the threshold, 22 differentially expressed genes were selected. The genes were screened by multivariate Cox regression analysis for prognosis-related genes and displayed in a line diagram. Results:22 of the 24 ferroptosis-related genes were differentially expressed between the tumor and normal tissues, with13 high expression, 9 low expression, 1 gene expression without difference and 1 gene not expressed in half of the samples. Univariate Cox regression analysis found that DPP4 and TFRC were associated with the degree of disease risk (HR was<1 and>1, respectively) . When integrating GPX4, TFRC and DPP4 into the LASSO model screening, it was found to be related to prognosis after dividing the patients into risk groups according to lambda. min=0.0027, Riskscore= (0.7316) * TFRC+ (-0.2539) *DPP4 (Log rank P=0.00635. Multivariate Cox regression analysis found that DPP4 and TFRC were related to the degree of disease risk (HR were<1 and>1, respectively) . Conclusion:The model of TFRC and DPP4 constructed by ferroptosis-related differential expression genes may be potential predictive markers of DTC patients, which still needs further verification and will provide theoretical basis for further clinical treatment.

14.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 944-953, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922776

ABSTRACT

Huosu Yangwei (HSYW) Formula is a traditioanl Chinese herbal medicine that has been extensively used to treat chronic atrophic gastritis, precancerous lesions of gastric cancer and advanced gastric cancer. However, the effective compounds of HSYW and its related anti-tumor mechanisms are not completely understood. In the current study, 160 ingredients of HSYW were identified and 64 effective compounds were screened by the ADMET evaluation. Furthermore, 64 effective compounds and 2579 potential targets were mapped based on public databases. Animal experiments demonstrated that HSYW significantly inhibited tumor growth in vivo. Transcriptional profiles revealed that 81 mRNAs were differentially expressed in HSYW-treated N87-bearing Balb/c mice. Network pharmacology and PPI network showed that 12 core genes acted as potential markers to evaluate the curative effects of HSYW. Bioinformatics and qRT-PCR results suggested that HSYW might regulate the mRNA expression of DNAJB4, CALD, AKR1C1, CST1, CASP1, PREX1, SOCS3 and PRDM1 against tumor growth in N87-bearing Balb/c mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Biomarkers , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Network Pharmacology , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics
15.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 305-322, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880262

ABSTRACT

"The Expert Group on Tumor Ablation Therapy of Chinese Medical Doctor Association, The Tumor Ablation Committee of Chinese College of Interventionalists, The Society of Tumor Ablation Therapy of Chinese Anti-Cancer Association and The Ablation Expert Committee of the Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology" have organized multidisciplinary experts to formulate the consensus for thermal ablation of pulmonary subsolid nodules or ground-glass nodule (GGN). The expert consensus reviews current literatures and provides clinical practices for thermal ablation of GGN. The main contents include: (1) clinical evaluation of GGN, (2) procedures, indications, contraindications, outcomes evaluation and related complications of thermal ablation for GGN and (3) future development directions.
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16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 869-875, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880161

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation between pretransplant serum ferritin (SF) level and prolonged or prolonged isolated thrombocytopenia (PT) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 35 patients with PT after allo-HSCT were retrospectively analyzed, and 35 patients were matched according to age and sex as a controls from 424 allo-HSCT patients with normal platelet count. The serum ferritin level before the transplantation was analyzed. The potential risk factors were analyzed by chi-square test and Fisher's exact test as well as univariate and multivariate logistic regression. The survival curve was estimated by the Kaplan-Meier model to explore its clinical significance. In addition, ROC curve was used to verify the predictive power of SF.@*RESULTS@#Compared with control group, the SF level in the PT group before transplantation significantly increased (P=0.001). Multivariate analysis results showed that SF level before transplantation was a risk factor for prolonged thrombocytopenia after HSCT, and patients with SF≥1000 ng / ml showed a higher risk of death (P=0.014). ROC curve showed that SF level could be used as a predictor of prolonged thrombocytopenia after allo-HSCT.@*CONCLUSION@#The SF level before allo-HSCT relates with occurrence and prognosis of PT in patients after allo-HSCT. Detection of SF level can provide guidance for the intervention of prolonged thrombocytopenia after HSCT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ferritins , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Retrospective Studies , Thrombocytopenia , Transplantation, Homologous
17.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1282-1290, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905140

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on cognitive dysfunction after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Methods:Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of rTMS for treating traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients with cognitive dysfunction were retrieved from the databases of PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang Database, VIP and SinoMed from the establishment of these databases to June, 2021. Two researchers independently screened the articles, extracted the data, and evaluated the quality. Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.4. Results:A total of ten RCTs with 368 patients were included. Subgroup analysis showed that rTMS could improve the single cognitive function (SMD = 1.00, 95%CI 0.04 to 1.96, P = 0.04) but for overall cognitive function (SMD = 0.47, 95%CI -0.05 to 0.98, P = 0.08). rTMS was well tolerated, that the adverse reactions such as dizziness and mild headache were not significantly different from the control group (RR = 1.67, 95%CI 0.98 to 2.86, P = 0.06). Conclusions:It is still uncertain in the effectiveness of rTMS on cognitive dysfunction after TBI, but it is well tolerated.

18.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 712-722, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911894

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the gene variants in patients with primary distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA), and explore the correlation between the genotype and phenotype.Methods:The Sanger direct sequencing or whole-exome sequencing was used to identify causal variants and the variation pathogenicity was evaluated according to 2015 American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) standards and guidelines in 44 dRTA patients (37 families) diagnosed in the Affiliated Qingdao Municipal Hospital of Qingdao University and the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from April 2010 to September 2020. The clinical features of the patients were summarized, and the correlation between the genotype and phenotype was investigated.Results:Seven variants of SLC4A1 gene, 17 variants of ATP6V0A4 gene, and 15 variants of ATP6V1B1 gene were identified in 44 patients with dRTA, and of which 11 variants were new ones. According to ACMG guidelines, the pathogenic, likely pathogenic, benign variants among the 39 variants were 22, 16 and 1, respectively. Nine patients were autosomal dominant hereditary dRTA caused by SLC4A1 gene mutation, 4 patients with autosomal recessive hereditary dRTA complicated with Southeast Asian ovalocytosis and anemia were caused by SLC4A1 gene mutation, and 14 patients caused by ATP6V0A4 gene mutation and 8 patients caused by ATP6V1B1 gene mutation were autosomal recessive hereditary dRTA; Two children with dRTA were found to carry one monoallelic defect in ATP6V1B1, and no causal gene mutation was identified in 7 patients. One patient showed incomplete dRTA, and the other 43 patients showed complete dRTA. The prevalence of sensory neural hearing loss caused by ATP6V0A4 and ATP6V1B1 mutation were 2/14 and 6/10 respectively. The frequency of chronic kidney disease in adults, children and infants were 4/4, 2/4, and 1/36, separately. After the drug treatment based on potassium citrate and sodium citrate, the growth and development (28/40) and electrolyte disturbance (41/44) of most patients were significantly improved. Conclusions:The present study has identified 39 variants of SLC4A1, ATP6V0A4 and ATP6V1B1 genes in 44 patients with dRTA, including 11 novel ones. There is a close relationship between genotype and phenotype in dRTA patients and most patients' conditions were improved after proper treatment. This study enriches the human gene mutation database and provides valuable references for diagnosis, treatment and genetic counseling in patients with dRTA.

19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2816-2823, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887954

ABSTRACT

The mixing process is one of the key operation units for solid preparation of traditional Chinese medicine. The physical properties such as particle size, density and viscosity of the mixture are key factors that need to be controlled, which will directly affect the performance of the preparation molding process and product quality. Subsequent dripping process performance and appearance qua-lity of dripping pills will be affected by dynamic viscosity of materials in the mixing process. Based on this, with mixing process of compound Danshen dripping pills as the object, a feedforward control method for the dripping pill mixing process was established based on the concept of quality by design(QbD). Firstly, critical quality attribute(CQA)-dynamic viscosity, critical material attributes(CMAs)-the moisture content of compound Danshen extract, average molecular weight of polyethylene glycol 6000 and critical process parameter(CPP)-mixing temperature were identified through the analysis of properties for multiple batches of the raw materials and excipients as well as technological mechanism. Then the Box-Behnken experimental design was used to establish the regression model among CMA, CPP and CMA(R■=0.972 0, RMSE =16.24) to obtain the design space. Finally, through the verification of three batches within the design space, the mixing process temperature was adjusted according to the properties of the raw materials and exci-pients to achieve accurate control of the dynamic viscosity attribute. The relative deviation between the actual dynamic viscosity value and the target value was less than 3.0 %. The feedforward control of the mixing process of compound Danshen dripping pills was rea-lized in this study, which can contribute to improving quality consistency of the mixing process intermediates, simultaneously provide a reference for the research on the process quality control of other Chinese medicine dripping pills.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control , Research Design
20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 394-405, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881143

ABSTRACT

Recent studies have shown that programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) modulates distinct signal transduction pathways in different pathological conditions. Despite acute and chronic immune responses elicited by ischemia contributing to the functional deterioration of the kidney, the contributions and mechanisms of PDCD4 in acute kidney injury (AKI) have remained unclear. Using two murine AKI models including renal ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) and cisplatin-induced AKI, we found that PDCD4 deficiency markedly ameliorated renal dysfunction and inflammatory responses in AKI mice. Consistently, upregulation of PDCD4 was also confirmed in the kidneys from patients with biopsy confirmed acute tubular necrosis from a retrospective cohort study. Moreover, we found that overexpression of

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