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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933467

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the risk factors of residual tumor after thermal ablation in patients with small hepatocellular carcinoma.Methods:This was a retrospective study recruiting 107 patients diagnosed as single hepatocellular carcinoma with maximum diameter ≤3 cm from December 2009 to August 2015 in National Cancer Center. The cohort enrolled 81 males and 26 females, including 83 patients younger than 70 years old. All patients were treated with radiofrequency ablation or microwave ablation, and evaluated by CT or MRI after 4-6 weeks compared with baseline data. Potentially related factors were analyzed such as patients′ characteristics, tumor location and adjacent, ablation pattern, hepatitis B/C infection. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted for the independence of risk factors.Results:Six patients (5.6%) with residual tumor was detected in the whole population of 101 cases. Univariate analysis suggested that tumor adjacent to vascular structure, poor differentiation, AFP≥200 μg/L were the risk factors of residue disease (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression suggested that pathological type of poorly differentiated tumor was the only independent risk factor ( HR=2.26,95% CI 0.25-20.50, P=0.030). Conclusions:Poorly differentiated pathology is an independent predictive factor for residual disease in small hepatocellular carcinoma after thermal ablation. Such patients should be routinely followed up after operation.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930339

ABSTRACT

This paper reports the clinical data of a patient with recurrent metastatic parathyroid carcinoma. The causes, clinical manifestation, diagnose, treatment and prognosis of parathyroid carcinoma were discussed in order to perfect the experience of diagnosis and treatment and improve the survival rate of such patients.

3.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 712-722, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911894

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the gene variants in patients with primary distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA), and explore the correlation between the genotype and phenotype.Methods:The Sanger direct sequencing or whole-exome sequencing was used to identify causal variants and the variation pathogenicity was evaluated according to 2015 American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) standards and guidelines in 44 dRTA patients (37 families) diagnosed in the Affiliated Qingdao Municipal Hospital of Qingdao University and the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from April 2010 to September 2020. The clinical features of the patients were summarized, and the correlation between the genotype and phenotype was investigated.Results:Seven variants of SLC4A1 gene, 17 variants of ATP6V0A4 gene, and 15 variants of ATP6V1B1 gene were identified in 44 patients with dRTA, and of which 11 variants were new ones. According to ACMG guidelines, the pathogenic, likely pathogenic, benign variants among the 39 variants were 22, 16 and 1, respectively. Nine patients were autosomal dominant hereditary dRTA caused by SLC4A1 gene mutation, 4 patients with autosomal recessive hereditary dRTA complicated with Southeast Asian ovalocytosis and anemia were caused by SLC4A1 gene mutation, and 14 patients caused by ATP6V0A4 gene mutation and 8 patients caused by ATP6V1B1 gene mutation were autosomal recessive hereditary dRTA; Two children with dRTA were found to carry one monoallelic defect in ATP6V1B1, and no causal gene mutation was identified in 7 patients. One patient showed incomplete dRTA, and the other 43 patients showed complete dRTA. The prevalence of sensory neural hearing loss caused by ATP6V0A4 and ATP6V1B1 mutation were 2/14 and 6/10 respectively. The frequency of chronic kidney disease in adults, children and infants were 4/4, 2/4, and 1/36, separately. After the drug treatment based on potassium citrate and sodium citrate, the growth and development (28/40) and electrolyte disturbance (41/44) of most patients were significantly improved. Conclusions:The present study has identified 39 variants of SLC4A1, ATP6V0A4 and ATP6V1B1 genes in 44 patients with dRTA, including 11 novel ones. There is a close relationship between genotype and phenotype in dRTA patients and most patients' conditions were improved after proper treatment. This study enriches the human gene mutation database and provides valuable references for diagnosis, treatment and genetic counseling in patients with dRTA.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922776

ABSTRACT

Huosu Yangwei (HSYW) Formula is a traditioanl Chinese herbal medicine that has been extensively used to treat chronic atrophic gastritis, precancerous lesions of gastric cancer and advanced gastric cancer. However, the effective compounds of HSYW and its related anti-tumor mechanisms are not completely understood. In the current study, 160 ingredients of HSYW were identified and 64 effective compounds were screened by the ADMET evaluation. Furthermore, 64 effective compounds and 2579 potential targets were mapped based on public databases. Animal experiments demonstrated that HSYW significantly inhibited tumor growth in vivo. Transcriptional profiles revealed that 81 mRNAs were differentially expressed in HSYW-treated N87-bearing Balb/c mice. Network pharmacology and PPI network showed that 12 core genes acted as potential markers to evaluate the curative effects of HSYW. Bioinformatics and qRT-PCR results suggested that HSYW might regulate the mRNA expression of DNAJB4, CALD, AKR1C1, CST1, CASP1, PREX1, SOCS3 and PRDM1 against tumor growth in N87-bearing Balb/c mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomarkers , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Mice , Network Pharmacology , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905140

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on cognitive dysfunction after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Methods:Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of rTMS for treating traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients with cognitive dysfunction were retrieved from the databases of PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang Database, VIP and SinoMed from the establishment of these databases to June, 2021. Two researchers independently screened the articles, extracted the data, and evaluated the quality. Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.4. Results:A total of ten RCTs with 368 patients were included. Subgroup analysis showed that rTMS could improve the single cognitive function (SMD = 1.00, 95%CI 0.04 to 1.96, P = 0.04) but for overall cognitive function (SMD = 0.47, 95%CI -0.05 to 0.98, P = 0.08). rTMS was well tolerated, that the adverse reactions such as dizziness and mild headache were not significantly different from the control group (RR = 1.67, 95%CI 0.98 to 2.86, P = 0.06). Conclusions:It is still uncertain in the effectiveness of rTMS on cognitive dysfunction after TBI, but it is well tolerated.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887954

ABSTRACT

The mixing process is one of the key operation units for solid preparation of traditional Chinese medicine. The physical properties such as particle size, density and viscosity of the mixture are key factors that need to be controlled, which will directly affect the performance of the preparation molding process and product quality. Subsequent dripping process performance and appearance qua-lity of dripping pills will be affected by dynamic viscosity of materials in the mixing process. Based on this, with mixing process of compound Danshen dripping pills as the object, a feedforward control method for the dripping pill mixing process was established based on the concept of quality by design(QbD). Firstly, critical quality attribute(CQA)-dynamic viscosity, critical material attributes(CMAs)-the moisture content of compound Danshen extract, average molecular weight of polyethylene glycol 6000 and critical process parameter(CPP)-mixing temperature were identified through the analysis of properties for multiple batches of the raw materials and excipients as well as technological mechanism. Then the Box-Behnken experimental design was used to establish the regression model among CMA, CPP and CMA(R■=0.972 0, RMSE =16.24) to obtain the design space. Finally, through the verification of three batches within the design space, the mixing process temperature was adjusted according to the properties of the raw materials and exci-pients to achieve accurate control of the dynamic viscosity attribute. The relative deviation between the actual dynamic viscosity value and the target value was less than 3.0 %. The feedforward control of the mixing process of compound Danshen dripping pills was rea-lized in this study, which can contribute to improving quality consistency of the mixing process intermediates, simultaneously provide a reference for the research on the process quality control of other Chinese medicine dripping pills.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control , Research Design
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 394-405, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881143

ABSTRACT

Recent studies have shown that programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) modulates distinct signal transduction pathways in different pathological conditions. Despite acute and chronic immune responses elicited by ischemia contributing to the functional deterioration of the kidney, the contributions and mechanisms of PDCD4 in acute kidney injury (AKI) have remained unclear. Using two murine AKI models including renal ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) and cisplatin-induced AKI, we found that PDCD4 deficiency markedly ameliorated renal dysfunction and inflammatory responses in AKI mice. Consistently, upregulation of PDCD4 was also confirmed in the kidneys from patients with biopsy confirmed acute tubular necrosis from a retrospective cohort study. Moreover, we found that overexpression of

8.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 305-322, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880262

ABSTRACT

"The Expert Group on Tumor Ablation Therapy of Chinese Medical Doctor Association, The Tumor Ablation Committee of Chinese College of Interventionalists, The Society of Tumor Ablation Therapy of Chinese Anti-Cancer Association and The Ablation Expert Committee of the Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology" have organized multidisciplinary experts to formulate the consensus for thermal ablation of pulmonary subsolid nodules or ground-glass nodule (GGN). The expert consensus reviews current literatures and provides clinical practices for thermal ablation of GGN. The main contents include: (1) clinical evaluation of GGN, (2) procedures, indications, contraindications, outcomes evaluation and related complications of thermal ablation for GGN and (3) future development directions.
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9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880161

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation between pretransplant serum ferritin (SF) level and prolonged or prolonged isolated thrombocytopenia (PT) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 35 patients with PT after allo-HSCT were retrospectively analyzed, and 35 patients were matched according to age and sex as a controls from 424 allo-HSCT patients with normal platelet count. The serum ferritin level before the transplantation was analyzed. The potential risk factors were analyzed by chi-square test and Fisher's exact test as well as univariate and multivariate logistic regression. The survival curve was estimated by the Kaplan-Meier model to explore its clinical significance. In addition, ROC curve was used to verify the predictive power of SF.@*RESULTS@#Compared with control group, the SF level in the PT group before transplantation significantly increased (P=0.001). Multivariate analysis results showed that SF level before transplantation was a risk factor for prolonged thrombocytopenia after HSCT, and patients with SF≥1000 ng / ml showed a higher risk of death (P=0.014). ROC curve showed that SF level could be used as a predictor of prolonged thrombocytopenia after allo-HSCT.@*CONCLUSION@#The SF level before allo-HSCT relates with occurrence and prognosis of PT in patients after allo-HSCT. Detection of SF level can provide guidance for the intervention of prolonged thrombocytopenia after HSCT.


Subject(s)
Ferritins , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Thrombocytopenia , Transplantation, Homologous
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793283

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the resistance of influenza virus to neuraminidase inhibitors (NAI) in Hebei province during 2018-2019. Methods Virus were collected from the Hebei Influenza Surveillance Network during 2018-2019. A total of 36 confirmed influenza viruses (with 25 H1pdm09 and 11 H3N2) were selected to test resistance to oseltamivir and zanamivi with fluorescence (FL). Results All 36 influenza viruses tested were sensitive to oseltamivir and zanamivir. The median half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) for oseltamivir of H1pdm09 and H3N2 were of 0.50 nM (range 0.07-1.14 nM) and 0.25 nM (range 0.09-0.69 nM) respectively, while 0.29 nM (range 0.09-0.85 nM) and 0.87(range 0.17-1.81 nM) for zanamivir, all were within 10 fold IC50 of the reference virus (corresponding type). Conclusion All the tested influenza strains isolated in Hebei province during 2018-2019 were sensitive to NAI.

11.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 115-122, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799543

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To identify and analyze the variants of the KCNJ1 gene in five Chinese patients with Bartter syndrome type 2 (BS2), and to describe their clinical features as well as treatment results.@*Methods@#Data and blood samples of five BS2 patients and their relatives confirmed by Qingdao Municipal Hospital from June 2012 to January 2019 were collected. Whole-exome-sequencing (WES) based on the second generation high throughput sequencing was performed to detect variants. The 2015 American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics Standards and Guidelines were applied to analyze the pathogenicity of the variants. The clinical features and laboratory results were retrospectively studied. The response to treatment and follow-up data were reviewed.@*Results@#Ten variants including six novel ones of KCNJ1 gene were identified through WES and verified by Sanger dideoxy sequencing. Missense variants accounted for the highest proportion. The common symptoms and signs of five BS2 patients from high to low incidence were polydipsia and polyuria (5/5), one of them (1/5) presented with diabetes insipidus; maternal polyhydramnios and premature delivery (4/5); growth retardation (3/5). Initially, two patients presented with hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis and hypokalemia, whereas the acid-base disturbance was absent in the others. One patient experienced hyperkalemia. In terms of calcium-phosphorus metabolism, one patient had evident parathyroid hormone (PTH) resistance (hypocalcemia, hyperphosphatemia and markedly elevated serum intact PTH levels), three presented with PTH overacting (hypercalcemia, hypophosphatemia and mild elevated serum intact PTH levels), and one showed normal blood calcium and phosphorus concentrations with high-normal serum intact PTH levels. All patients had nephrocalcinosis or hypercalciuria, and one of them complicated with nephrolithiasis. Indomethacin helped to correct the growth retardation, halt polydipsia polyuria, decrease the elevated urinary calcium excretion, and normalize electrolyte disturbance as well as PTH parameters in some patients.@*Conclusions@#This investigation identifies ten variants of KCNJ1 gene, including six ones that have not been previously reported, which will enrich the human gene mutation database (HGMD). These patients in our study have atypical BS phenotype, so that careful differentiation from other parathyroid diseases will be required for clinicians.

12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 990-994, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876797

ABSTRACT

@#Advanced glycation end products(AGEs)accumulate in various tissues in the body, and induce a series of biological responses by regulating the expression of related factors and activating signal pathways, causing age-related diseases and neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and Atherosclerosis. Glaucoma, which is the leading cause of vision loss after cataract worldwide, is a degenerative disease of the optic nerve that ultimately leads to irreversible visual field loss. The accumulation of excessive AGE sin the retina and other eye tissues of glaucoma patients activates signal pathways and triggers biological responses, causing damage to the structure and function of tissues and cells, and participating in the pathogenesis of glaucoma. This article mainly describes the latest progress of AGEs in glaucoma pathogenesis, treatment, screening and other related research, and provides new ideas and research methods for the prevention and treatment of glaucoma.

13.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 115-122, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870948

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify and analyze the variants of the KCNJ1 gene in five Chinese patients with Bartter syndrome type 2 (BS2), and to describe their clinical features as well as treatment results. Methods:Data and blood samples of five BS2 patients and their relatives confirmed by Qingdao Municipal Hospital from June 2012 to January 2019 were collected. Whole-exome-sequencing (WES) based on the second generation high throughput sequencing was performed to detect variants. The 2015 American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics Standards and Guidelines were applied to analyze the pathogenicity of the variants. The clinical features and laboratory results were retrospectively studied. The response to treatment and follow-up data were reviewed.Results:Ten variants including six novel ones of KCNJ1 gene were identified through WES and verified by Sanger dideoxy sequencing. Missense variants accounted for the highest proportion. The common symptoms and signs of five BS2 patients from high to low incidence were polydipsia and polyuria (5/5), one of them (1/5) presented with diabetes insipidus; maternal polyhydramnios and premature delivery (4/5); growth retardation (3/5). Initially, two patients presented with hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis and hypokalemia, whereas the acid-base disturbance was absent in the others. One patient experienced hyperkalemia. In terms of calcium-phosphorus metabolism, one patient had evident parathyroid hormone (PTH) resistance (hypocalcemia, hyperphosphatemia and markedly elevated serum intact PTH levels), three presented with PTH overacting (hypercalcemia, hypophosphatemia and mild elevated serum intact PTH levels), and one showed normal blood calcium and phosphorus concentrations with high-normal serum intact PTH levels. All patients had nephrocalcinosis or hypercalciuria, and one of them complicated with nephrolithiasis. Indomethacin helped to correct the growth retardation, halt polydipsia polyuria, decrease the elevated urinary calcium excretion, and normalize electrolyte disturbance as well as PTH parameters in some patients. Conclusions:This investigation identifies ten variants of KCNJ1 gene, including six ones that have not been previously reported, which will enrich the human gene mutation database (HGMD). These patients in our study have atypical BS phenotype, so that careful differentiation from other parathyroid diseases will be required for clinicians.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869976

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the improved efficacy of transversus thoracic muscle plane (TTP) block combined with general anesthesia for off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OP-CABG).Methods:Sixty American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅲ or Ⅳ patients of both sexes, aged 55-63 yr, weighing 65-81 kg, scheduled for elective OP-CABG, were divided into 2 groups ( n=30 each) using a random number table method: TTP block combined with general anesthesia group (group TG) and general anesthesia group (group G). Midazolam-propofol-sufentanil-rocuronium was used to induce anesthesia, and sevoflurane-remifentanil-propofol was used to maintain anesthesia.In group TG, ultrasound-guided TTP block was performed at 20 min before anesthesia induction, and 0.375% ropivacaine plus 0.5% lidocaine 20 ml was injected between bilateral intercostal and transverse pectoral muscles.Both groups received patient-controlled intravenous analgesia with sufentanil, oxycodone 0.05 mg/kg was intravenously injected as rescue analgesic, and the postoperative visual analogue scale scores were maintained≤ 4 points.The intraoperative consumption of remifentanil and propofol, consumption of sufentanil within 24 h after operation, and requirement for rescue analgesia were recorded.The postoperative length of stay in intensive care unit, time to first flatus, length of hospitalization, postoperative nausea/vomiting, lung inflammation, pruritus and nerve block-related complications were recorded. Results:Compared with group G, the consumption of intraoperative remifentanil and postoperative sufentanil after operation were significantly reduced, the requirement for postoperative rescue analgesia was decreased, the postanesthesia care unit stay time, length of hospitalization and time to first flatus were shortened, and the incidence of postoperative nausea/vomiting and lung inflammation was decreased in group TG ( P<0.05). No pruritus and nerve block-related complications were found in the two groups. Conclusion:Ultrasound-guided TTP block combined with general anesthesia can provide good perioperative analgesia for the patients undergoing OP-CABG and reduce the amount of opioids used, which is helpful in improving the prognosis.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869971

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of monocyte-derived macrophages (Mo-Mφ) in postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) induced by cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in rats.Methods:Forty SPF healthy adult Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 350-400 g, aged 11-12 weeks, were divided into 4 groups ( n = 10 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (S group), CPB group (C group), CPB plus PBS liposome group (P group), and CPB plus clodronate liposome group (L group). In C, P, and L groups, CPB was performed for 60 min, the equal volume of normal saline, PBS liposomes 4 μl/g and clodronate liposomes 4 μl were injected via the tail vein at 48 and 24 h before CPB, respectively.Blood was collected from the saphenous vein before CPB for determination of the clearance rate of Mo-Mφ by flow cytometry.Cognitive function was assessed using the Morris water maze test at 7 days after CPB.Blood was collected from the abdominal aortic vein, and the levels of serum inflammatory factors (interleukin-6 [IL-6], tumor necrosis factor-alpha [TNF-α], and interleukin-1beta [IL-1β]) and brain injury markers (S100β protein and neuron-specific enolase [NSE]) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results:Compared with group S, the serum IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α concentrations were significantly increased, the serum S100β protein and NSE concentrations were increased, the escape latency was prolonged, and the number of crossing the platform was decreased in C, P, and L groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group C, the clearance rate of blood-derived monocytes was significantly decreased, the serum S100β concentrations were increased, the escape latency was prolonged, and the number of crossing the platform was decreased ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found the parameters mentioned above in group P ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Mo-Mφ infiltration is the endogenous protective mechanism of CPB-induced POCD in the rats.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829051

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy of haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (hi-HSCT) HLA-matched sibling donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (MSD-HSCT) and post-remission chemotherapy (PR-CT) in treatment of intermediate risk acute myeloid leukemia with negative for FLT3-ITD, NPM1 or biallelic CEBPA mutation.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of patients with intermediate risk NPM1/non-CEBPA/FLT3-ITD AML from October 2009 to May 2016 were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The overall survival rate of the patients treated with PR-CT, MSD-HSCT or hi-HSCT was 63.7%, 71.7%, 75.5%, respectively (P<0.05); the disease-free survival (DFS) rate was 52.8%, 67.1%, 71.3% respectively (P<0.001); the cumulative incidence of relapse was 24.7%, 16.9%, 14.4% respectively (P<0.05); the non-relapse mortality was 26.2%, 17.3%, 14.4% reapectively (P>0.05). The analysis of transplantation, related adverse events showed that II-IV grade of aGVHD in the MSD-HSCT group and hi-HSCT group was 48.9% and 45.6% respectively (P>0.05); the extensive cGVHD event was 21.6% and 8.8% (P<0.05) respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The efficiency of hi-HSCT and MSD-HSCT is superior to that of PR-CT for treatment of patients with intermediate risk NPM1/non-CEBPA/FLT3-ITD AML after CR1, there is no statistically significant difference in the efficiency of consolidatorg treatment and the transplantation-related mortality between hi-HSCT and MSD-HSCT.


Subject(s)
CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
17.
International Eye Science ; (12): 990-994, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821572

ABSTRACT

@#Advanced glycation end products(AGEs)accumulate in various tissues in the body, and induce a series of biological responses by regulating the expression of related factors and activating signal pathways, causing age-related diseases and neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and Atherosclerosis. Glaucoma, which is the leading cause of vision loss after cataract worldwide, is a degenerative disease of the optic nerve that ultimately leads to irreversible visual field loss. The accumulation of excessive AGE sin the retina and other eye tissues of glaucoma patients activates signal pathways and triggers biological responses, causing damage to the structure and function of tissues and cells, and participating in the pathogenesis of glaucoma. This article mainly describes the latest progress of AGEs in glaucoma pathogenesis, treatment, screening and other related research, and provides new ideas and research methods for the prevention and treatment of glaucoma.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821085

ABSTRACT

@#This study aimed to investigate the antitumor efficacy of a single-chain variable fragment JZC00 combined with 2-deoxyglucose(2-DG)on murine non-small lung cancer cell and breast cancer cell models. JZC00 was expressed by E. coli and identified using SDS-PAGE and Western blot. The combination inhibited the proliferation of LLC and 4T1 cells. The concentration of glucose and lactic acid in the medium were determined by glucose and lactate kit, respectively, then calculated the tumor cell glucose uptake inhibition rate and lactate release inhibition rate. In vivo, the tumor volume and tumor weight were analyzed after 15-day treatment. The results showed that the molecular weight of JZC00 expressed was correct, and it could inhibit the proliferation of tumor cells in vitro. JZC00 and 2-DG could inhibit the glycolysis of tumor cells, respectively, and JZC00 combined with 2-DG could inhibit glycolysis synergistically. When hypoxic microenvironment was induced in vitro, the inhibition of glycolysis by JZC00 treatment decreased. However, it was reversed with the addition of 2-DG. The in vivo models the combination showed a significantly improved tumor suppressive effect compared with JZC00 treated group, suggesting that 2-DG could improve the anti-tumor effect of anti-angiogenic antibodies and its combination has the potentialial value in the treatment of solid tumors.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743002

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the expression levels of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and leptin (LP) in serum of patients with colorectal cancer, and to analyze its clinical significance. Methods Seventy-three patients with colorectal cancer, 37 patients with benign colorectal cancer and 40 healthy subjects were enrolled. Serum IGF-1 and LP levels of all the subjects were measured. A two-year follow-up study of colorectal patients was performed to observe the occurrence of lymph node metastasis. Logistic regression was used to analyze the factors affecting lymph node metastasis in colorectal cancer patients. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was used to analyze the diagnostic value of IGF-1 and LP for colorectal cancer and recurrence. Results The serum IGF-1 concentration in colorectal cancer was significantly lower than that in the control group (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between the patients with benign lesions (P>0.05). The serum LP level of colorectal cancer was significantly higher than that of benign lesions and control group (P<0.05). Both IGF-1 and LP have certain diagnostic value for colorectal cancer, and the combined test and efficacy of the two methods are higher than those of the separate test (P<0.05). The two-year recurrence rate of colorectal cancer patients was 16.43%, and the patient age (≥40 years old), TNM grade (Ⅲ~Ⅳgrade), tumor diameter (≥4 cm), vascular infiltration and deep muscle infiltration in the recurrent patients were significantly higher than that in the untreated patients (all P<0.05). In the cancer metastasis patients, the level of serum IGF-1 and LP was significantly lower and higher than that in non-metastatic patients, respectively (all P<0.05). Vascular infiltration, deep myometrial invasion, low IGF-1 levels, and high LP levels were independent predictors of recurrence in colorectal cancer patients, and the combined predictive AUC of the above four factors was 0.956 (95%CI:0.9881~0.990). Conclusions In patients with colorectal cancer, IGF-1 level is low and LP level is high, which is closely related to cancer recurrence.

20.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 499-506, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756080

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the variants of 42 Chinese patients with Bartter syndrome type 3 (BS3) and explore the characteristics of genotype and phenotype. Methods Forty-two genetically diagnosed patients from 40 Han and one Hui families were collected in the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University and the Affiliated Qingdao Municipal Hospital of Qingdao University during the period of June 2012 to October 2018. The second-generation sequencing and multiplex ligase probe-dependent amplification (MLPA) technique were used to analyze the CLCNKB gene variation and its characteristics in children with BS3. The clinical data were collected, and the therapeutic effect and growth improvement were observed and followed up. Thirty eight patients were divided into severe (n=26) and light (n=12) groups according to the severity of genetic variation. The clinical phenotypic characteristics of the two groups were compared. Results Thirty-six variants including 16 novel ones of CLCNKB gene were found. The whole gene deletion of CLCNKB gene was the most frequent mutation (40%), and the rate of large deletions was up to 55%. The most common symptoms included development retardation (38/42), polydipsia and polyuria (35/42), constipation (31/42) and vomiting (27/42). All patients presented with hypokalemia, hypochloremia and metabolic alkalosis. After the medicine treatment that based on indomethacin and potassium chloride, most patients could achieve obvious recovery of growth rate and restoration of hypokalemia. The severe group showed more severe metabolic alkalosis than the light group. Conclusions Thirty-six variants of CLCNKB gene have been found in this study, including 16 novel ones, which enrich the human gene mutation database (HGMD) and provide valuable references to diagnosis, treatment and the genetic counseling of Chinese population.

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