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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2981-2988, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981430

ABSTRACT

Paris rugosa(Melanthiaceae) only grows in Yunnan province of China at present, and its chemical constituents have not been systematically studied. In this study, nine compounds, including one new compound pariposide G(1) and eight known compounds of cerin(2), stigmast-4-en-3-one(3), β-ecdysone(4), ophiopogonin C'(5), methyl protogracillin(6), gracillin(7), parissaponin H(8), and parisyunnanoside G(9), were isolated and identified from the ethanol extract of P. rugosa rhizomes by column chromatography methods and semi-preparative high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). Compounds 1-9 were isolated from this plant for the first time. The antibacterial and antifungal activities of all the compounds were evaluated. The results showed that ophiopogonin C' had strong inhibitory effects on Candida albicans [MIC_(90)=(4.68±0.01) μmol·L~(-1)] and the fluconazole-resistant strain of C. albicans [MIC_(90)=(4.66±0.02) μmol·L~(-1)].


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Candida albicans , China , Liliaceae , Melanthiaceae , Rhizome
2.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 185-192, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996210

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of SHOX2 and RASSF1A gene promoter region methylation detection for screening and diagnosis of early-stage lung adenocarcinoma.Methods:The mRNA sequencing data of 471 lung adenocarcinoma patients and corresponding methylation data of 413 cases were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, the methylation levels of SHOX2 and RASSF1A gene promoter regions were calculated, and the difference in methy lation level between normal lung tissues and tumor tissues was analyzed. The clinical data of 54 patients with early-stage lung adenocarcinoma and 31 patients with benign lung tumors who underwent surgery at Drum Tower Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing University Medical School from January 2018 to January 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The methylation status of SHOX2 and RASSF1A in tumor tissues and normal lung tissues (>5 cm from the edge of the tumor foci) (called clinical samples) was detect, and a positive methylation in the promoter region of either gene was considered as a combination of two genes methylation positivity. Using pathological diagnosis as the gold standard, the efficacy of gene methylation positivity in diagnosing early-stage lung adenocarcinoma was analyzed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Patients with >80% of tumor cells in paraffin samples were screened, and mRNA high-throughput sequencing was performed in their tumor tissues and normal lung tissues. The relationship between positive methylation of the two genes and clinicopathological features was analyzed, and the correlation between the promoter region methylation level of the two genes and mRNA expression levels in clinical samples and TCGA database samples was analyzed by Spearman method. Gene set variance analysis (GSVA) method was used to analyze the differences in Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes enrichment pathways between two-gene methylation-positive clinical lung adenocarcinoma samples and corresponding methylation-negative lung adenocarcinoma.Results:In TCGA database, the SHOX2 promoter region methylation island contained 6 sequenced methylation sites, of which sites cg04532033 and cg01557547 methylation levels were higher in lung adenocarcinoma tissues than in normal lung tissues (both P < 0.05); the RASSF1A gene promoter region methylation island contained 11 sequenced methylation sites, and the methylation levels of 6 of these sites in lung adenocarcinoma tissues were higher than those in normal lung tissues (all P < 0.05). Compared with normal lung tissues, the methylation level of SHOX2 promoter region was higher in stage Ⅰ and Ⅱ lung adenocarcinoma tissues (both P < 0.05); the methylation level of RASSF1A promoter region was higher in all stages of lung adenocarcinoma ( P < 0.001). Among 54 patients with early-stage lung adenocarcinoma, 28 were positive for SHOX2 promoter region methylation in tumor tissues, 21 were positive for RASSF1A promoter region methylation, and 40 were positive for combined methylation of both genes; 31 benign lung nodules were negative for SHOX2 and RASSF1A methylation. ROC curve analysis showed that the sensitivity of positive SHOX2 promoter region methylation for diagnosing early-stage lung adenocarcinoma was higher than that of RASSF1A promoter region methylation positivity (51.8% vs. 38.9%), and the area under the curve (AUC) for diagnosis by two-gene methylation positivity was larger than that for diagnosis by SHOX2 or RASSF1A gene methylation positivity alone (0.870 vs. 0.759 and 0.694). The circulating thresholds (Ct) of SHOX2 and RASSF1A methylation tested by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) in stage Ⅰ and Ⅱ lung adenocarcinoma were lower than those in normal lung tissues (all P < 0.05); patients with two-gene methylation positivity were characterized by older age, longer tumor longest diameter and more advanced pathological stage compared with patients with two-gene methylation negativity (all P < 0.05). In clinical stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ lung adenocarcinoma samples, the Ct of SHOX2 and RASSF1A promoter region methylation tested by qRT-PCR was negatively correlated with their mRNA relative expression levels ( r=-0.43, P = 0.003; r = -0.48, P = 0.001); in TCGA database stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ lung adenocarcinoma samples, the level of SHOX2 promoter region methylation was negatively correlated with its mRNA relative expression level ( r = -0.23, P < 0.001), and the level of RASSF1A promoter region methylation was also negatively correlated with its mRNA relative expression level, but without statistical difference ( r = -0.05, P = 0.310). In two-gene promoter methylation-positive lung adenocarcinoma samples, the pathways related to folate metabolism and DNA stability were upregulated, and the pathways related to vasoconstriction and cell growth and differentiation were downregulated. Conclusions:The combined detection of SHOX2 and RASSF1A promoter region methylation can be used as an indicator for screening and diagnosis of early-stage lung adenocarcinoma. Abnormal promoter region methylation of the two genes may affect multiple tumor-related pathways and promote the occurrence and progression of early-stage lung adenocarcinoma.

3.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 102-107, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996043

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the experiences and practice in the reform of public hospital salary system in Sichuan province, summarize the typical modes of such reform in the province, and provide references for further reform.Methods:As of October 29, 2021, the research group received 77 sets of typical experience materials submitted by the health commissions and public hospitals in Sichuan province on enforcing the reform of the public hospital salary system. The analysis framework was based on the five main elements proposed in the Guidance to Deepening the Reform of the Salary System of Public Hospitals for the purpose of furthering the reform. These five elements refer to " reasonably determining the level of salary in public hospitals" " fully implementing the autonomy of internal distribution in public hospitals " " establishing and improving the incentive and restraint mechanism for the remuneration of public hospital leaders" " improving the assessment and evaluation mechanism oriented to public welfare" and " funding sources ". A quantitative analysis was made on the typical experience materials using the social network analysis method, while a qualitative analysis was made on the typical experience materials using the content analysis method. Results:The results of social network analysis showed that the network density was 0.272; the highest point centrality was " fully implement the autonomy of internal distribution in public hospitals" (0.935), and the highest intermediary centrality was " improving the assessment and evaluation mechanism oriented to public welfare" (0.870), while the closeness to centrality of " establishing and improving the incentive and constraint mechanism for the salary of public hospital leaders" (0.434) and " funding sources" (0.421) were relatively low. The results of content analysis showed that the ones with higher frequency among all the typical experience materials were " fully implementing the autonomy of internal distribution of hospitals" (72 times) and " improving the assessment and evaluation mechanism oriented to public welfare" (67 times), while the ones with lower frequency were " establishing and improving the salary incentive and constraint mechanism for public hospital leaders" (17 times) and " funding sources" (14 times). In terms of unity and synergy, the typical models of public hospital salary system reform in the province could be categorized as the fine standard mode, the fair value mode, the autonomous synergy mode and the circular symbiosis mode.Conclusions:Deepening the reform of the salary system of public hospitals should unify the standards and improve the fair and refined assessment and evaluation mechanism; explore various forms of distribution and build an internal autonomous and synergistic incentive mechanism; pay attention to the weak remuneration incentive mechanism for hospital leaders and the problem of a relatively single source of funding.

4.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 195-199, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989065

ABSTRACT

Group B streptococcus(GBS), also known as streptococcus agalactis, is a Gram-positive conditionally causative coccus that can colonize healthy humans.GBS is a common pathogen of bacterial meningitis in infants under 3 months of age.GBS serotype Ⅲ and sequence type 17(ST 17)are the most common and virulent, and there is a significant correlation between serotype Ⅲ and ST 17, and erythromycin resistance is high.Penicillin or ampicillin is the first-line drug in China.Children with GBS meningitis are at high risk of poor prognosis.Intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis(IAP)may be given in the presence of specific risk factors for GBS invasion in newborns. IAP reduced the incidence of early-onset GBS, but did not significantly reduce early-onset mortality and late-onset morbidity.

5.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 153-159, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980992

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the effect of hypoxia on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced CXC-chemokine ligand-10 (CXCL10) expression and the underlying mechanism. C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into control, hypoxia, LPS, and hypoxia combined with LPS groups. The LPS group was intraperitoneally injected with 0.5 mg/kg LPS, and the hypoxia group was placed in a hypobaric hypoxia chamber (simulated altitude of 6 000 m). The serum and hippocampal tissue samples were collected after 6 h of the treatment. The levels of CXCL10 in the serum and hippocampal tissue of mice were detected by ELISA. The microglia cell line BV2 and primary microglia were stimulated with hypoxia (1% O2) and/or LPS (100 ng/mL) for 6 h. The mRNA expression level of CXCL10 and its content in culture supernatant were detected by real-time quantitative PCR and ELISA, respectively. The phosphorylation levels of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway-related proteins, p65 and IκBα, were detected by Western blot. Moreover, after NF-κB signaling pathway being blocked with a small molecular compound, PDTC, CXCL10 mRNA expression level was detected in the BV2 cells. The results showed that in the LPS-induced mouse inflammatory model, hypoxia treatment could promote LPS-induced up-regulation of CXCL10 in both serum and hippocampus. Compared with the cells treated with LPS alone, the expression of CXCL10 mRNA and the content of CXCL10 in the culture supernatant of BV2 cells treated with hypoxia combined with LPS were significantly increased. The CXCL10 mRNA level of primary microglial cells treated with hypoxia combined with LPS was significantly up-regulated. Compared with the cells treated with hypoxia or LPS alone, the phosphorylation levels of p65 and IκBα in the BV2 cells treated with hypoxia combined with LPS were significantly increased. PDTC blocked the induction of CXCL10 gene expression by LPS in the BV2 cells. These results suggest that hypoxia promotes LPS-induced expression of CXCL10 in both animal and cell models, and NF-κB signaling pathway plays an important role in this process.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Chemokines, CXC/pharmacology , Hypoxia , Ligands , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Microglia/metabolism , NF-kappa B/metabolism , NF-KappaB Inhibitor alpha/pharmacology , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
6.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 488-493, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978414

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo describe the neuropsychological development screening of 0‒2 years in Tongzhou from 2017 to 2021 so as to understand the status and trend of developmental delay (DD). MethodsAnnual report data of 21 community health service centers in Tongzhou District from 2017 to 2021 were clustered, Chi square test was used to analyze the differences in positive rate and DD rate of children aged 0‒2 years with different ages and household registration, and Chi square trend test was used to analyze the linear trend of each age group and household registration. The Gesell test results in 762 children with developmental delay were analyzed, and Chi square test was used to compare the age distribution differences in gross motor, fine motor, language and personal-social behaviors. ResultsThe DD rate of children aged 0‒2 years in 2017‒2021 was 0.43%. A decreasing trend of DD rate in the 0‒ age group was observed (χ2=14.135, P<0.001), while an increasing trend of DD rate in the 1‒ and <3 age groups was observed (χ2=5.375, P=0.020; χ2=5.558, P=0.018). The DD rate of children aged 0‒2 years with Beijing household registration was higher (χ2=12.504, P<0.001). The DD rate of gross motor was the highest in the 0‒ age group (64.60%), the DD rate of language was the highest in the <3 age group (85.97%), and a statistically significant difference of gross motor and language was separately found in the three age groups (χ2=183.061, P<0.001; χ2=78.450, P<0.001). ConclusionAge and Beijing household registration are the influencing factors of DD for children aged 0‒2, and 0‒ years and <3 years are the critical periods for guidance and intervention to promote the development of gross motor and language abilities.

7.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 880-887, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958272

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of TcpC in uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC)-induced cystitis in mice and to preliminarily analyze the pathogenic mechanism. Methods:C57BL/6 mice were injected with 10 9 CFU wild-type UPEC CFT073 (CFT073 wt) or tcpc gene-deleted mutant (CFT073 Δ tcpc) from urethra into bladder to construct the mouse model of cystitis. The mice were sacrificed 3 d after infection and the bladders were taken to observe the gross pathological changes. Histopathological changes in bladder tissues were observed after HE staining. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect TcpC in bladder tissues. Bacterial loads in urine samples of UPEC-infected mice were counted by tenfold dilution method, and the presence of tcpc gene in the genomic DNA of bacteria from the bladder and urine samples of CFT073 wt-infected mice was measured by PCR. Real-time quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blot were performed to detect the expression of TcpC at mRNA and protein levels in macrophages after CFT073 wt infection. The influence of UPEC strains on the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway in macrophages were determined by Western blot. The levels of proinflammatory factors and the bacterial and cell activity after infecting macrophages with UPEC strains were detected by ELISA, laser confocal microscope and fluorescence microscope, respectively. Results:Compared with the mice with CFT073 Δ tcpc infection, CFT073 wt-infected mice had significantly enlarged bladder and severe neutrophil infiltration and abundant TcpC in bladder tissues. The number of bacteria in the urine of CFT073 wt-infected mice was significantly greater than that of the CFT073 Δ tcpc group. PCR results showed that the bacteria in bladder or urine were CFT073 wt. The expression of TcpC at both mRNA and protein levels in macrophages increased significantly after CFT073 wt infection. Moreover, in CFT073 wt-infected macrophages, the expression of IκBα was promoted and the phosphorylation of p65 and the production of proinflammatory factors were suppressed. TcpC was instrumental in the survival and invasion of CFT073 wt in macrophages. Conclusions:TcpC expression increased significantly in mice with CFT073 wt-induced cystitis. TcpC inhibited the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway and the production of proinflammatory factors in macrophages to improve the survival rate of CFT073 wt, which was closely related to the pathogenesis and immune evasion of UPEC.

8.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 767-771, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995990

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the staff salary status and the influencing factors in traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) hospitals implementing the salary system reform in Sichuan province in 2020, for reference in optimizing the salary system reform of such hospitals.Methods:Cluster sampling and institutional survey were used to collect the salary information of 26 TCM hospitals in 21 cities(prefectures)of Sichuan province implementing the salary system reform in 2020. Such information was then subject to descriptive analysis, while the influencing factors of salary were subject to one-way analysis of variance and generalized linear model multifactor analysis.Results:15 428 staff from 26 TCM hospitals were included as the research objects. In 2020, personnel expenditure accounted for 40.23% of the total expenditure, and 24.34% of which came from financial subsidy in 26 TCM hospitals. The average annual payable income per person was(149 312±74 288)yuan, 67.82% of which being performance pay. Analysis of variance showed that there were significant differences among the salary levels of staff in different economic regions, hospital grades, hospital levels, gender, educational background, position, seniority, performance pay ratio, employment in the government system and other natures, senior and other professional titles, doctors and other positions( P<0.05), and the differences were still statistically significant after adjustment by generalized linear model( P<0.05). Conclusions:The reform of the salary system of Sichuan TCM Hospitals has basically achieved equal pay for equal work, and the income of low-level personnel has been improved. However, the salary level was not very motivated and the salary structure was not guaranteed. It is necessary to strengthen financial precision subsidies, increase the proportion of personnel expenditure, so as to support the increase of the absolute value of salary in non-core economic areas, improve the salary structure, reasonably widen the salary gap among different educational backgrounds and positions, further optimize internal distribution, and ensure the sustainable development of Chinese medicine talents.

9.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 762-766, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995989

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the salary characteristics of medical institutions and the influencing factors of personnel expenditure as found in the salary system reform of public hospitals in Sichuan province, for reference in furthering such reform in public hospitals.Methods:The data of personnel expenditure, business operation and medical services came from 96 medical institutions in 21 cities(prefectures)of Sichuan province from 2017 to 2020 by means of institutional survey. The average salary level and salary structure of medical staff were used to describe the salary characteristics, and the total salary was presented by the level of personnel expenditure. The measurement data was represented by M(IQR), the counting data was described by frequency and constituent ratio, and the influencing factors of personnel expenditure were analyzed by generalized linear mixed model. Results:From 2017 to 2020, the personnel expenditure of medical institutions increased by 13.04% annually. In 2020, the per capita salary level of medical staff was 151 900 yuan, while the basic salary and performance salary accounted for 16.20% and 54.60% of personnel expenditure respectively. The analysis results of the generalized linear mixed model showed that the average cost of patients per visit( β=0.596), the level of drugs and sanitary materials consumed per 100 yuan medical income( β=0.286), the number of medical visits( β=0.328), and the years [(2018, 2019, 2020) β=0.025, 0.052, 0.066] were positively correlated to personnel expenditure, while the average length of stay( β=-0.693), the proportion of medical service income( β=-0.392), and the balance rate of income and expenditure( β=-0.062)were negatively correlated to personnel expenditure( P<0.05). The proportion of fiscal subsidy revenue, regional GDP and asset-liability ratio were not the influencing factors of personnel expenditure( P> 0.05). Conclusions:In the reform of the salary system of the province, its salary level of medical institutions has surpassed the current wage ceiling of these institutions. As the salary distribution was mainly made based on the workload, the " baton" role of the salary system reform has begun to pay off. However, the basic guarantee role of compensation has not yet been fully leveraged.Further reform is needed in upgrading refined management, and timely dynamic adjustment of personnel expenditure in combination with the hospital's financial performance and cost analysis, and reasonably optimizing the level of medical staff compensation.

10.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 641-647, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958908

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the difference in immune microenvironment between primary tumor tissues and metastatic tumor tissues of metastatic colorectal cancer, and to screen specific immune-related differentially expressed genes (DEG) related to prognosis of metastatic colorectal cancer via bioinformatics methods.Methods:The GSE131418 microarray dataset of colorectal cancer and metastases was downloaded from gene expression omnibus (GEO) database, including 517 samples from the MCC cohort and 618 samples from the Consortium cohort in Moffitt Cancer Center. Immune-related gene sets were downloaded from immunology database and analysis portal IMMPORT, including 2 483 immune-related genes. A total of 695 cases of RNA sequencing data and 627 cases of clinical information of colorectal cancer tumors and adjacent tissues were downloaded from Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data. The stroma cell score, immune cell score and stromal immune total score of metastatic tumor tissues and primary tumor tissues were calculated by using ESTIMATE algorithm, and 22 kinds of immune cell infiltration in primary tumor and metastatic tumor tissues of colorectal cancer were compared and analyzed by using CIBERSORT deconvolution algorithm. Immune-related DEG were screened to make Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Gnomes (KEGG) signaling pathway enrichment analysis. The patients were divided into high and low expression groups according to the median expression levels of immune-related DEG. The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression risk model were used to analyze immune-related DEG, and the genes significantly related to prognosis in the results of the two methods were screened (all P < 0.01), and multivariate analysis was performed by using Cox regression method. The expression differences of each gene in tumor tissues, adjacent tissues, primary tumor tissues and metastatic tissues in GSE131418 data sets of TCGA database and GEO database were compared, and survival analysis was also performed. Results:The stroma cell score, immune cell score and stromal immune total score of colorectal cancer metastatic tissues were lower than those of primary tumor tissues (all P < 0.001). Compared with primary tumor tissues, the proportion of activated natural killer (NK) cells, monocytes, CD8 + T cells, T cells, activated dendritic cells in metastatic colorectal cancer tissues was increased, while the proportion of inactive mast cells, inactive dendritic cells, inactive NK cells, activated memory CD4 + T cells, M1 macrophages, and neutrophils was decreased. There were 289 immune-related DEG in metastatic tissues and primary tumor tissues of metastatic colorectal cancer, including 101 up-regulated genes and 188 down-regulated genes. KEGG signaling pathway enrichment analysis showed that in the immune microenvironment of metastatic tissues in metastatic colorectal cancer, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling pathway, programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression and programmed death 1 (PD-1) checkpoint pathway, T helper cell (Th) 1, Th2 and Th17 cell differentiation, NF-kappa B signaling pathway, interleukin 17 (IL-17) signaling pathway, chemokine signaling pathway, T cell receptor signaling pathway, MAPK signaling pathway, and NK cell-mediated cytotoxicity pathways enrichment were detected. Immune-related DEG related to prognosis including ANGPTL5, FPR1, HSPA8, NR2E3, PSMD2, PSMD8 and SBDS were screened out. Cox regression multivariate analysis showed that immune-related DEG ANGPTL5 ( HR = 2.69, 95% CI 1.22-5.92, P < 0.05), HSPA8 ( HR = 0.57, 95% CI 0.33-0.97, P < 0.05), and SBDS ( HR = 2.23, 95% CI 1.18-4.21, P < 0.05) were independent prognostic factors for metastatic colorectal cancer. The expression of ANGPTL5 in tumor tissues was lower than that in normal tissues, and the expression of ANGPTL5 in metastatic tissues was higher than that in primary tumor tissues. Patients with high expression of ANGPTL5 in tumor tissues had worse prognosis. The expression of HSPA8 in tumor tissues was higher than that in normal tissues, and the expression of HSPA8 in metastatic tissues was lower than that in primary tumor tissues. Patients with high expression of HSPA8 in tumor tissues had a better prognosis. The expression of SBDS in tumor tissues was lower than that in normal tissues, and the expression of SBDS in metastatic tissues was lower than that in primary tumor tissues. Patients with high expression of SBDS in tumor tissues had worse prognosis. Conclusions:Immune microenvironment of metastatic colorectal cancer is quite different from that of primary tumor. The degree of immune cell infiltration is reduced and the whole is immunosuppressed. The specific immune-related DEG related to prognosis of metastatic colorectal cancer may be new therapeutic targets of metastatic colorectal cancer.

11.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 393-398, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934384

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the difference in the extraction efficiency of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) nucleic acid by using magnetic beads method, centrifugal column method and one-step method.Methods:On March 5, 2021, 10 throat swabs were collected from the staff working in the nucleic acid sampling room in Department of Clinical Laboratory, Affiliated Taikang Xianlin Drum Tower Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University. The positive quality control samples were mixed into the swabs and used as mock positive samples. The RNA was extracted from simulated positive samples and their diluted samples by using magnetic beads method, centrifugation column method and one-step method. The purity ( A260/ A280 ratio) and concentration of the nucleic acid obtained were measured by micro-uv photometry, and fluorescence quantitative PCR was performed to compare the CT value and extraction efficiency. The three methods were used to extract the simulated weak positive specimens and to compare the difference of CT values after amplification. The measurement data that followed normal distribution were expressed by xˉ±s, the t test was used for comparing in the same group, and single factor analysis of variance was used for comparing among multiple groups. A P value smaller than 0.05 indicated a significant difference. Results:2019-nCoV nucleic acid extracted by magnetic bead method, centrifugal column method and one-step method could amplify positive results. There was no significant difference between the CT value of RNA amplification extracted by magnetic bead method and one-step method ( t=? 0.995 , P=0.376). The CT values of orf1ab gene amplified by centrifugal column method, magnetic bead method and one-step method were 29.28±0.06, 30.82±0.14 and 29.79±0.01 respectively ( F=11.196 , P=0.041). The CT values of E gene were 28.52±0.40, 27.33±0.78 and 27.38±0.13 respectively ( F=3.407, P=0.169). The CT values of N gene were 28.61±1.02, 27.24±0.20 and 27.25±0.47, respectively ( F=2.880 , P=0.020). The CT values of human genes extracted by centrifugal column method, magnetic bead method and one-step method were 19.68±0.36, 20.14±0.06 and 20.58±0.49 respectively, which was statistically significant ( F=4.904, P=0.048). The CT value of amplified human gene was affected by the dilution of human samples twice. The CT value of undiluted samples was smaller than that of diluted samples twice, with a difference of 2.95±0.22, which was statistically significant ( t=?3.025, P=0.039). The extraction time of one-step method, magnetic bead method and centrifugal column method were (15.00±1.50), (20.00±1.50) and (40.00±5.5) min respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( F=688 , P=0.027). Conclusions:Magnetic bead method, centrifugal column method and one-step method can be used to extract 2019-nCoV nucleic acid, for the centrifugal column method has a higher extraction efficiency than the magnetic bead method and the one-step method. The one-step method is the fastest, followed by the magnetic bead method and the centrifugal column method. A large number of clinical samples can be processed using the magnetic bead method and one-step method. One-step rapid nucleic acid test can also be performed on samples from emergency and fever clinics. It is not recommended to dilute specimens for testing. In order to improve the detection rate, extracting RNA from highly suspected samples with negative initial nucleic acid test by centrifugal column method is suggested.

12.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 383-384, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954604

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic metastasis of small cell lung cancer is very rare in clinic. The purpose of this article is to improve the knowledge of clinical and radiologists about this disease by reporting one case.

13.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 519-523, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954070

ABSTRACT

Purulent meningitis(PM)is the main reasons of infectious diseases in the central nervous system of children.It is one of the leading causes of neurological sequelae in children.Pathogens are related to region, socioeconomic status, environment, age, etc.The epidemiology has been changing owing to the increasing vaccination coverage rate.Streptococcus pneumoniae, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Escherichia coli and group B Streptococcus are the main pathogens of PM in children.Antibiotics are the main treatment.Corticosteroids are controversial in the treatment of PM.Vaccination is the main method to prevent PM and its complications.With the development of genetics, the genetic variation of immune system has been proved to be related to the susceptibility of PM.This article reviews recent advances in epidemiological changes, treatment, and genetic associations of PM in children.It is helpful for the diagnosis and treatment of PM.

14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 975-978, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939719

ABSTRACT

Exosomes are subtypes of extracellur vesicles containing a variety of cell-specific proteins, lipids and nucleic acids released during cell activation or apoptosis, and play the role of intercellur communication mediators in different physiological and pathological processes. With the development of research in recent years, the role of platelet-derived exosomes in cardiovascular diseases has attracted extensive attention. This paper reviews the role of platelet-derived exosomes in atherosclerotic thrombosis and the potential role of platelet-derived exosomes as biomarkers for the diagnosis and treatment of atherosclerotic thrombotic disease and the problems to be solved.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Atherosclerosis/pathology , Blood Platelets/pathology , Exosomes/pathology , Thrombosis
15.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 82-88, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936049

ABSTRACT

Rectal cancer is a common malignant tumor of the digestive tract, and surgery is the main treatment strategy. Disorders of bowel, anorectal and urogenital function remain common problems after total mesorectal resection (TME), which seriously decreases the quality of life of patients. Surgical nerve damage is one of the main causes of the complications, while TME with pelvic autonomic nerve preservation is an effective way to reduce the occurrence of adverse outcomes. Intraoperative nerve monitoring (IONM) is a promising method to assist the surgeon to identify and protect the pelvic autonomic nerves. Nevertheless, the monitoring methods and technical standards vary, and the clinical use of IONM is still limited. This review aims to summarize the researches on IONM in rectal and pelvic surgery. The electrical nerve stimulation technique and different methods of IONM in rectal cancer surgery are introduced. Also, the authors discuss the limitations of current researches, including methodological disunity and lack of equipment, then prospect the future direction in this field.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autonomic Pathways , Pelvis/surgery , Quality of Life , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Rectum/surgery
16.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 416-419, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879869

ABSTRACT

A boy attended the hospital at the age of 1 month due to left hand tremor for 1 week. A blood test showed a reduction in serum uric acid and a cranial MRI showed encephalomalacia, atrophy, and cystic changes. The boy had microcephalus, unusual facial features (long face, long forehead, protruded forehead, long philtrum, low nasal bridge, facial swelling, and thick lower lip), hypertonia of lower extremities, and severe global developmental delay. Whole-exome sequencing performed for the boy detected a homozygous mutation, c.217C > T(p.R73W), in the


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Carbon-Carbon Lyases , China , Metal Metabolism, Inborn Errors , Mutation , Uric Acid
17.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1006-1010., 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876641

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major global public health issue. Clinical cure (also known as functional cure) of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is the ideal therapeutic goal recommended by the latest guidelines for the prevention and treatment of CHB in China and globally. Optimized treatment regimens with direct-acting antiviral agents [e.g., nucleos(t)ide analogues] or immunomodulators (e.g., pegylated interferon-α) sequentially or in combination tend to have low cure rates. Rapid development has been achieved in the research and development of drugs for the treatment of CHB. This article reviews the clinical study of new antiviral drugs for CHB, including the selection of subjects, study design, dosage, dose escalation, adverse events, and efficacy evaluation. It is necessary to introduce the knowledge of quantitative pharmacology to analyze the association of drug exposure in body with efficacy and adverse reactions, and exploratory indicators should be incorporated for comprehensive analysis. This review provides related experience and new ideas for the clinical research and development of new anti-HBV drugs.

18.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : e20-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901446

ABSTRACT

Background@#Pseudorabies virus (PRV) infection leads to high mortality in swine. Despite extensive efforts, effective treatments against PRV infection are limited. Furthermore, the inflammatory response induced by PRV strain GXLB-2013 is unclear. @*Objectives@#Our study aimed to investigate the inflammatory response induced by PRV strain GXLB-2013, establish an inflammation model to elucidate the pathogenesis of PRV infection further, and develop effective drugs against PRV infection. @*Methods@#Kunming mice were infected intramuscularly with medium, LPS, and different doses of PRV-GXLB-2013. Viral spread and histopathological damage to brain, spleen, and lung were determined at 7 days post-infection (dpi). Immune organ indices, levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), nitric oxide (NO), and inflammatory cytokines, as well as levels of activity of COX-2 and iNOS were determined at 4, 7, and 14 dpi. @*Results@#At 105 –106 TCID50 PRV produced obviously neurological symptoms and 100% mortality in mice. Viral antigens were detectable in kidney, heart, lung, liver, spleen, and brain. In addition, inflammatory injuries were apparent in brain, spleen, and lung of PRVinfected mice. Moreover, PRV induced increases in immune organ indices, ROS and NO levels, activity of COX-2 and iNOS, and the content of key pro-inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α, interferon-γ and MCP-1. Among the tested doses, 10 2 TCID 50 of PRV produced a significant inflammatory mediator increase. @*Conclusions@#An inflammatory model induced by PRV infection was established in mice, and 102 TCID50 PRV was considered as the best concentration for the establishment of the model.

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Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 1096-1100, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988462

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the incidence of pain flare (PF) in spine metastasis stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) or hypofractionated radiotherapy (HF) and the prophylactical effect of dexamethasone. Methods Sixty-five patients were treated with spine metastasis SBRT and randomly divided into control group (SBRT or HF, n=32) and treatment group (SBRT or HF and 4.5 mg dexamethasone, n=33). The brief pain inventory (BPI) was used to score the pain before, during and after treatment. PF was recorded and compared between two groups. Results The incidence of PF was 24.6% in all patients (control group: 37.5%, treatment group: 12.1%, P=0.018). PF in both group occurred in d1-2, accounting for 62.5% in all PF (control group: 66.7%, treatment group: 50%, P=0.551). The incidences of PF in control group were 66.7% and 33.3% for three and ten fractions scheme, respectively (P=0.001). However, the incidences of PF in treatment group were 50% and 50% for three and ten fractions scheme, respectively (P=0.643). Conclusion Oral dexamethasone has an excellent efficacy in prevention and treatment of PF in spine metastasis SBRT or HF, with significantly decreased incidence of PF. A phase Ⅲ clinical trial is required to finalize the optimal dose and schedule.

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Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 811-817, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912973

ABSTRACT

Objectvie:To investigate the infiltration patterns of immune cells in colorectal cancer, and to explore the correlation of immune cells infiltration with clinical characteristics and overall survival (OS) of patients.Methods:The RNA sequencing data of 615 patients with colorectal cancer were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. The data was updated on July 19, 2019, and included 571 colorectal cancer tissues and 44 paracancerous tissues. There were 552 cases with clinical data, such as survival time, survival status, age, gender, clinical stage, grade, tumor location and so on. Using CIBERSORT deconvolution algorithm, the relative amounts of 22 immune cell types were calculated based on standardized gene expression data. According to the results of CIBERSORT algorithm, the samples with high accuracy of deconvolution result were selected ( P < 0.05), and they were used for analysis and graphing. The correlations between the infiltration patterns of immune cells and the clinical characteristics and OS of patients were analyzed. Results:After the CIBERSORT method was used to filter and remove samples with P ≥ 0.05, a total of 282 tumor tissue samples and 16 paracancerous tissue samples were screened. In 293 cases with clinical information, there were 277 tumor tissue samples and 16 paracancerous tissue samples. In 293 samples, M0 macrophages, M1 macrophages, M2 macrophages, CD8 + T cells and unactivated CD4 memory T cells accounted for a higher proportion of total immune cells; in tumor tissue samples, the expressions of M0 macrophages, M1 macrophages, activated CD4 memory T cells, and unactivated natural killer (NK) cells were higher; in paracancerous tissues, the expressions of naive B cells, M2 macrophages, activated NK cells, unactivated dendritic cells, unactivated mast cells and plasma cells were higher; with the increase of clinical stage, the expressions of follicular helper T cells, activated CD4 memory T cells, activated NK cells, M1 macrophages decreased, and the expressions of plasma cells and regulatory T cells increased, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). M1 macrophages, unactivated mast cells, activated CD4 memory T cells, CD8 + T cells, and follicular helper T cells were highly expressed in right colon cancer, while M0 macrophages and activated mast cells were highly expressed in left colon and rectal cancer, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). The patients were divided into high infiltration group and low infiltration group based on the median expression level of infiltrated immune cells, and the survival analysis was performed. The result of survival analysis showed that patients with high initial B cell infiltration had good OS; however, patients with high infiltration of M2 macrophages, activated mast cells, and neutrophils had poor OS. Conclusions:There are different types of immune cell infiltration patterns in the colorectal cancer samples of different stages and locations, which are closely related to tumor progression and OS of patients. They are expected to be applied to the development of therapeutic targets and prognosis prediction.

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