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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901446

ABSTRACT

Background@#Pseudorabies virus (PRV) infection leads to high mortality in swine. Despite extensive efforts, effective treatments against PRV infection are limited. Furthermore, the inflammatory response induced by PRV strain GXLB-2013 is unclear. @*Objectives@#Our study aimed to investigate the inflammatory response induced by PRV strain GXLB-2013, establish an inflammation model to elucidate the pathogenesis of PRV infection further, and develop effective drugs against PRV infection. @*Methods@#Kunming mice were infected intramuscularly with medium, LPS, and different doses of PRV-GXLB-2013. Viral spread and histopathological damage to brain, spleen, and lung were determined at 7 days post-infection (dpi). Immune organ indices, levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), nitric oxide (NO), and inflammatory cytokines, as well as levels of activity of COX-2 and iNOS were determined at 4, 7, and 14 dpi. @*Results@#At 105 –106 TCID50 PRV produced obviously neurological symptoms and 100% mortality in mice. Viral antigens were detectable in kidney, heart, lung, liver, spleen, and brain. In addition, inflammatory injuries were apparent in brain, spleen, and lung of PRVinfected mice. Moreover, PRV induced increases in immune organ indices, ROS and NO levels, activity of COX-2 and iNOS, and the content of key pro-inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α, interferon-γ and MCP-1. Among the tested doses, 10 2 TCID 50 of PRV produced a significant inflammatory mediator increase. @*Conclusions@#An inflammatory model induced by PRV infection was established in mice, and 102 TCID50 PRV was considered as the best concentration for the establishment of the model.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893742

ABSTRACT

Background@#Pseudorabies virus (PRV) infection leads to high mortality in swine. Despite extensive efforts, effective treatments against PRV infection are limited. Furthermore, the inflammatory response induced by PRV strain GXLB-2013 is unclear. @*Objectives@#Our study aimed to investigate the inflammatory response induced by PRV strain GXLB-2013, establish an inflammation model to elucidate the pathogenesis of PRV infection further, and develop effective drugs against PRV infection. @*Methods@#Kunming mice were infected intramuscularly with medium, LPS, and different doses of PRV-GXLB-2013. Viral spread and histopathological damage to brain, spleen, and lung were determined at 7 days post-infection (dpi). Immune organ indices, levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), nitric oxide (NO), and inflammatory cytokines, as well as levels of activity of COX-2 and iNOS were determined at 4, 7, and 14 dpi. @*Results@#At 105 –106 TCID50 PRV produced obviously neurological symptoms and 100% mortality in mice. Viral antigens were detectable in kidney, heart, lung, liver, spleen, and brain. In addition, inflammatory injuries were apparent in brain, spleen, and lung of PRVinfected mice. Moreover, PRV induced increases in immune organ indices, ROS and NO levels, activity of COX-2 and iNOS, and the content of key pro-inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α, interferon-γ and MCP-1. Among the tested doses, 10 2 TCID 50 of PRV produced a significant inflammatory mediator increase. @*Conclusions@#An inflammatory model induced by PRV infection was established in mice, and 102 TCID50 PRV was considered as the best concentration for the establishment of the model.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922386

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the molecular epidemiological characteristics of norovirus in children with acute gastroenteritis from 2017 to 2019.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of children with acute gastroenteritis who were admitted to Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from January 2017 to December 2019. A total of 1 458 stool samples were collected from the children, and viral RNA was extracted. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction was used for gene amplification, sequencing, and genotype identification of the VP1 region of capsid protein in norovirus.@*RESULTS@#Among the 1 458 stool samples, 158 (10.8%) were positive for norovirus. There was no significant difference in the positive detection rate of norovirus between different years (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Norovirus GII.4 Sydney 2012 was the major epidemic strain in the children with norovirus gastroenteritis from 2017 to 2019. Although norovirus infection can exist throughout the year, August to October is the peak period. During this period, norovirus surveillance and key population protection are strengthened to help prevent and control norovirus diarrhea.


Subject(s)
Child , Feces , Female , Gastroenteritis/epidemiology , Humans , Male , Norovirus/genetics , Phylogeny , Retrospective Studies
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2850-2856, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921172

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Central nervous system (CNS) symptoms after efavirenz (EFV) treatment in people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) could persist and impact their quality of life. We assessed the impact of EFV-based regimen replacement with elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (E/C/F/TAF), which is considered an alternative option for subjects who do not tolerate EFV. Most specifically, we assessed the safety and the efficacy of E/C/F/TAF and its effects on the participants' neuropsychiatric toxicity symptoms in a real-life setting.@*METHODS@#A prospective cohort study was conducted among virologic suppressed HIV-positive participants receiving EFV-based regimens with ongoing CNS toxicity ≥ grade 2. The participants were switched to single-pill combination regimens E/C/F/TAF and followed up for 48 weeks. The neuropsychiatric toxicity symptoms were measured using a CNS side effects questionnaire, as well as the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. The primary outcome measure was the proportion of participants experiencing grade 2 or higher CNS toxicity after EFV switch off at weeks 12, 24, and 48. Secondary endpoints included virologic and immunological responses and the effect on fasting lipids at week 48 after switch.@*RESULTS@#One hundred ninety-six participants (96.9% men, median age: 37.5 years, median: 3.7 years on prior EFV-containing regimens) were included in the study. Significant improvements in anxiety and sleep disturbance symptoms were observed at 12, 24, and 48 weeks after switching to E/C/F/TAF (P < 0.05). No significant change in depression symptom scores was observed. At 48 weeks after switch, HIV viral load <50 copies/mL was maintained in all of the participants, median fasting lipid levels were moderately increased (total cholesterol [TC]: 8.2 mg/dL, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol [LDL-C]: 8.5 mg/dL, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol [HDL-C]: 2.9 mg/dL, and triglyceride (TG): 1.6 mg/dL, and the TC:HDL-C ratio remained stable.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The single-pill combination regimens E/C/F/TAF is safe and well tolerated. This study reveals that switching from EFV to E/C/F/TAF significantly reduces neuropsychiatric toxicity symptoms in people living with HIV with grade 2 or higher CNS complaints.


Subject(s)
Adenine/therapeutic use , Adult , Alanine , Alkynes , Anti-HIV Agents/adverse effects , Benzoxazines , Central Nervous System , Cobicistat/therapeutic use , Cyclopropanes , Drug Combinations , Emtricitabine/therapeutic use , Female , HIV Infections/drug therapy , Humans , Male , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Quinolones , Tenofovir/analogs & derivatives
5.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 811-817, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912973

ABSTRACT

Objectvie:To investigate the infiltration patterns of immune cells in colorectal cancer, and to explore the correlation of immune cells infiltration with clinical characteristics and overall survival (OS) of patients.Methods:The RNA sequencing data of 615 patients with colorectal cancer were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. The data was updated on July 19, 2019, and included 571 colorectal cancer tissues and 44 paracancerous tissues. There were 552 cases with clinical data, such as survival time, survival status, age, gender, clinical stage, grade, tumor location and so on. Using CIBERSORT deconvolution algorithm, the relative amounts of 22 immune cell types were calculated based on standardized gene expression data. According to the results of CIBERSORT algorithm, the samples with high accuracy of deconvolution result were selected ( P < 0.05), and they were used for analysis and graphing. The correlations between the infiltration patterns of immune cells and the clinical characteristics and OS of patients were analyzed. Results:After the CIBERSORT method was used to filter and remove samples with P ≥ 0.05, a total of 282 tumor tissue samples and 16 paracancerous tissue samples were screened. In 293 cases with clinical information, there were 277 tumor tissue samples and 16 paracancerous tissue samples. In 293 samples, M0 macrophages, M1 macrophages, M2 macrophages, CD8 + T cells and unactivated CD4 memory T cells accounted for a higher proportion of total immune cells; in tumor tissue samples, the expressions of M0 macrophages, M1 macrophages, activated CD4 memory T cells, and unactivated natural killer (NK) cells were higher; in paracancerous tissues, the expressions of naive B cells, M2 macrophages, activated NK cells, unactivated dendritic cells, unactivated mast cells and plasma cells were higher; with the increase of clinical stage, the expressions of follicular helper T cells, activated CD4 memory T cells, activated NK cells, M1 macrophages decreased, and the expressions of plasma cells and regulatory T cells increased, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). M1 macrophages, unactivated mast cells, activated CD4 memory T cells, CD8 + T cells, and follicular helper T cells were highly expressed in right colon cancer, while M0 macrophages and activated mast cells were highly expressed in left colon and rectal cancer, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). The patients were divided into high infiltration group and low infiltration group based on the median expression level of infiltrated immune cells, and the survival analysis was performed. The result of survival analysis showed that patients with high initial B cell infiltration had good OS; however, patients with high infiltration of M2 macrophages, activated mast cells, and neutrophils had poor OS. Conclusions:There are different types of immune cell infiltration patterns in the colorectal cancer samples of different stages and locations, which are closely related to tumor progression and OS of patients. They are expected to be applied to the development of therapeutic targets and prognosis prediction.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883978

ABSTRACT

Objective:To preliminarily compile the words list of personality in southern China, and structurally analyse the words with natural personality traits.Methods:A semi-structured questionnaire was used to obtain 603 valid questionnaires in six provinces in southern China, and the lexical collation, consolidation, deletion, lexicographic analysis and structural analysis were conducted.Results:(1)After three rounds of collation and merging of 8 022 natural words describing personality traits, a personality trait word list containing 136 words was obtained.(2)Econometric analysis of words according to positivity, neutrality and negativity, showed that all negative words involving moral evaluations (ruthless, vicious, evil, cunning, narrow-minded and so on) were used to describe others, while negative words describing oneself were mainly non-virtuous words (capricious, stubborn, impatient, impetuous, pessimistic and so on). (3) The proportion of desirability and virtue dimensions in the words list was highest(23.20%, 16.80%); and the proportion of desirability and extroversion in total words frequency was highest(24.39%, 19.96%).Conclusion:A personality word list containing 136 personality traits in southern China is compiled from primary sources; and a 7-factor personality structure was latent in the word list.Subjects are richer in describing the content of the vocabulary of agreeable, virtuous, pioneering, and persevering personality traits, while agreeable and extroverted personality traits are most easily perceived in interpersonal interactions.

7.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1006-1010., 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876641

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major global public health issue. Clinical cure (also known as functional cure) of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is the ideal therapeutic goal recommended by the latest guidelines for the prevention and treatment of CHB in China and globally. Optimized treatment regimens with direct-acting antiviral agents [e.g., nucleos(t)ide analogues] or immunomodulators (e.g., pegylated interferon-α) sequentially or in combination tend to have low cure rates. Rapid development has been achieved in the research and development of drugs for the treatment of CHB. This article reviews the clinical study of new antiviral drugs for CHB, including the selection of subjects, study design, dosage, dose escalation, adverse events, and efficacy evaluation. It is necessary to introduce the knowledge of quantitative pharmacology to analyze the association of drug exposure in body with efficacy and adverse reactions, and exploratory indicators should be incorporated for comprehensive analysis. This review provides related experience and new ideas for the clinical research and development of new anti-HBV drugs.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888492

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect of gap junction blockers, quinine (QUIN) and carbenoxolone (CBX), on hippocampal ripple energy expression in rats with status epilepticus (SE).@*METHODS@#A total of 24 rats were randomly divided into four groups: model, QUIN, valproic acid (VPA), and CBX (@*RESULTS@#Ripple expression was observed in the hippocampal CA1, CA3, and dentate gyrus regions of normal rats. After 10 minutes of PILO injection, all groups had a gradual increase in mean ripple energy expression compared with 1 day before modeling, with the highest expression level before chloral hydrate injection in the model, VPA and CBX groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The change in ripple energy can be used as a quantitative indicator for early warning of seizures, while it cannot predict seizures in the interictal period. Gap junction blockers can reduce ripple energy during seizures.


Subject(s)
Animals , Gap Junctions , Hippocampus , Pilocarpine , Rats , Seizures , Status Epilepticus/drug therapy
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879869

ABSTRACT

A boy attended the hospital at the age of 1 month due to left hand tremor for 1 week. A blood test showed a reduction in serum uric acid and a cranial MRI showed encephalomalacia, atrophy, and cystic changes. The boy had microcephalus, unusual facial features (long face, long forehead, protruded forehead, long philtrum, low nasal bridge, facial swelling, and thick lower lip), hypertonia of lower extremities, and severe global developmental delay. Whole-exome sequencing performed for the boy detected a homozygous mutation, c.217C > T(p.R73W), in the


Subject(s)
Carbon-Carbon Lyases , China , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Metal Metabolism, Inborn Errors , Mutation , Uric Acid
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881038

ABSTRACT

Due to the poor repair ability of cartilage tissue, regenerative medicine still faces great challenges in the repair of large articular cartilage defects. Quercetin is widely applied as a traditional Chinese medicine in tissue regeneration including liver, bone and skin tissues. However, the evidence for its effects and internal mechanisms for cartilage regeneration are limited. In the present study, the effects of quercetin on chondrocyte function were systematically evaluated by CCK8 assay, PCR assay, cartilaginous matrix staining assays, immunofluorescence assay, and western blotting. The results showed that quercetin significantly up-regulated the expression of chondrogenesis genes and stimulated the secretion of GAG (glycosaminoglycan) through activating the ERK, P38 and AKT signalling pathways in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, in vivo experiments revealed that quercetin-loaded silk protein scaffolds dramatically stimulated the formation of new cartilage-like tissue with higher histological scores in rat femoral cartilage defects. These data suggest that quercetin can effectively stimulate chondrogenesis in vitro and in vivo, demonstrating the potential application of quercetin in the regeneration of cartilage defects.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cartilage/cytology , Chondrocytes/drug effects , Chondrogenesis/drug effects , Extracellular Matrix/metabolism , Quercetin/pharmacology , Rats , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Tissue Scaffolds
11.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 337-341,346, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867261

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study compares the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearance of two types of breast tissue markers to investigate the appropriate clinical application of the markers.Methods:Breast MRI of 69 patients (78 masses) with breast tissue markers had been placed were analyzed retrospectively from November 2015 to August 2018 in our hospital. The sizes and shapes of breast tissue markers were assessed in axial fat-suppressed T2-weighted images, T1-weighted images and contrast-enhanced T1-weighed images.Results:The length of the coil nickel-free stainless steel markers were greater than ribbon titanium markers, with statistical difference in fat-suppressed T2-weighted images ( P=0.039). In contrast-enhanced T1-weighted images, all coil nickel-free stainless steel markers showed >6 mm diameter and round shape, and ribbon titanium markers showed >6 mm diameter ( n=20) or ≤6 mm diameter ( n=8), and round ( n=20), dot ( n=7) or band ( n=1) shapes. The categories of sizes and shapes in two types of breast tissue markers both had statistical significance ( P<0.001, P<0.001). Conclusions:Small breast lesions with breast tissue markers are not suitable for MRI evaluation. The artifact of ribbon titanium markers is smaller than coil nickel-free stainless steel markers, so they have less impact for lesions. The choice of the breast tissue markers and image evaluation methods should depend on the different clinical conditions.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863069

ABSTRACT

Septic shock is the leading cause of neonatal death.The incidence is closely related to gestational age and birth weight.Due to the immature development of the cardiovascular system, poor compensatory ability and the limitation in monitoring capabilities, the clinical signs of septic shock were less characterized in premature neonates and lacking the uniformity of diagnostic criteria.The hemodynamic response and ideal intervention time were less understood.Research of risk factors will help early diagnosis and treatment of preterm infants with septic shock.Cardiovascular and pulmonary support, individual antimicrobial therapy as well as immune treatment were the most important for successful rescue and improving the outcomes.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862973

ABSTRACT

Pentalogy of Cantrell is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by a defect of the sternum, a deficiency of the diaphragm, a defect in the pericardium, an abdominal wall defect and congenital heart disease, with or without involvement of other organ systems.The incidence is low, and the prognosis is poor with high rates of perinatal mortality.The etiology and pathogenesis are still unknown.The early diagnosis and timely treatment are important.The prenatal diagnosis may be made by ultrasound as early as the first trimester, and for infants, it can be diagnosed with clinical features, ultrasound, CT and other imaging findings.Surgical repair is the main treatment.The survival depends mostly on associated cardiac anomalies, degree of thoraco-abdominal defect, and so on.There is a review that the diagnosis and treatment of the disease are summarized.

14.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 640-645, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-856965

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the cytotoxicity of glycerol aerosol on human lung adenocarcinoma cells (A549) by air-liquid interface exposure, aimingto provide a guidance for the application of glycerol in inhalation products and e-cigarettes. Methods A549 cells cultured at air-liquid interface condition were exposed by VITROCELL cloud exposure system. Firstly, the delivery efficiency of the system was verified by fluorescein sodium, and repeatability and difference between inserts were investigated. Then, a glycerol aerosol airliquid interface exposure test was performed, and a negative control (1% PBS) and high, medium, and low dose of glycerol(10%, 6%, and 4%) were set to examine the cell viability, LDH release, as well as the expression of IL-6. Results The exposure system delivered an accurate dose. The delivery efficiency was high, the deposition rate was 53. 4%, and the characteristic parameters such as repeatability was 14. 8% and insert-insert difference was 5. 2%. After exposure to aerosolized glycerol, there was no significant difference in cell variability, LDH release, and IL-6 expression of A549 cells compared to the negative control. Conclusions A reliable and rapid in vitro model of acute exposure model of the respiratory tract is established. A single short-term exposure to aerosolized glycerol has no significant effect on cell viability and cytotoxicity, as well as inflammatory changes.

15.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833693

ABSTRACT

Background@#Panax notoginseng saponins (PNS) are bioactive substances extracted from P. notoginseng that are widely used to treat cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and interstitial diseases. PNS have the functions of scavenging free radicals, anti-inflammation, improving blood supply for tissue and so on. @*Objectives@#The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of PNS on the oxidative stress of immune cells induced by porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2) infection in vitro and in vivo. @*Methods@#Using an oxidative stress model of PCV2 infection in a porcine lung cell line (3D4/2 cells) and mice, the levels of nitric oxide (NO), reactive oxygen species (ROS), total glutathione (T-GSH), reduced glutathione (GSH), and oxidized glutathione (GSSG) and the activities of xanthine oxidase (XOD), myeloperoxidase (MPO) and inducible nitric oxide synthetase (iNOS) were determined to evaluate the regulatory effects of PNS on oxidative stress. @*Results@#PNS treatment significantly reduced the levels of NO and ROS, the content of GSSG and the activities of XOD, MPO, and iNOS (p < 0.05), while significantly increasing GSH and the ratio of GSH/GSSG in infected 3D4/2 cells (p < 0.05).Similarly, in the in vivo study, PNS treatment significantly decreased the level of ROS in spleen lymphocytes of infected mice (p < 0.05), increased the levels of GSH and T-GSH (p < 0.05), significantly decreased the GSSG level (p < 0.05), and decreased the activities of XOD, MPO, and iNOS. @*Conclusions@#PNS could regulate the oxidative stress of immune cells induced by PCV2 infection in vitro and in vivo.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827742

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) for the screening of fetal chromosomal abnormalities.@*METHODS@#For 12 085 pregnant women, the results of NIPT and invasive prenatal diagnosis were compared.@*RESULTS@#The test was successful in 12 067 cases and has detected 179 chromosomal abnormalities, with a positive rate of 1.48%, sensitivity of 98.39% and specificity of 99.02%. Invasive prenatal diagnosis was performed for 3 of 18 patients who had failed NIPT but has detected no karyotypic abnormality. Except for one case of twin Cesarean section which delivered a normal female fetus and a stillbirth of unknown sex, the remainder of the 18 cases all had a normal delivery. The positive rate of NIPT screening for the abnormal ultrasound group was significant higher than that other groups (P< 0.01). Among those with positive results of NIPT, 122 underwent invasive prenatal diagnosis, and 25 trisomy 21, 7 trisomy 18, 3 trisomy 13, 4 aneuploidies of other autosomes, 13 sex chromosomal aneuploidies and 9 microdeletion/microduplications were confirmed, which yielded a positive predictive rate of 86.21%, 50.00%, 23.08%, 21.05%, 46.43%, and 47.36%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#NIPT has high sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value, and is an effective method for prenatal screening. In addition to chromosomes 21, 18 and 13, NIPT has certain predictive value for other autosomal aneuploidies, sex chromosomal aneuploidies, microdeletion/microduplications, and can provide a reference for karyotype analysis and chromosomal microarray verification.

17.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 40-44, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871451

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the role of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) system in locus ceruleus (LC) in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and to explore its molecular mechanism.Methods:The IBS rat was established by maternal separation following with postnatal stress. The tissues sample of LC was obtained by micropunched nuclei. The expression of c- Fos, CRH and its receptors including corticotropin-releasing hormone receptor (CRHR) 1 and CRHR2 of rats’ LC tissues of control group and IBS group was detected by quantitative polymerase chain reaction(PCR). The expression of DNA methyltransferase ( DNTM) 1, DNMT3a and DNMT3b at the mRNA level were also measured. In addition, the expression of histone methyltransferase ASH2-like protein (ASH2L) and SET and MYND domain containing 2 (SMYD2) was determined by Western blotting. T test was used for statistical analysis. Results:The rectal pneumatic pressure of IBS group was lower than that of control group ((69.82±5.47) mmHg vs. (86.86±5.98) mmHg; 1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), however compared with that of control group, the expression of c- Fos at the mRNA level increased (2.11±0.44 vs.1.00±0.19), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=6.215 and 2.321, P<0.01 and 0.05). In addition, compared with that of control group, the expression of CRH at the mRNA level increased (1.99±0.35 vs.1.00±0.13), and the difference was statistically significant ( t= 2.797, P<0.05). Compared with that of control group, the expression of SMYD2 at the protein level up-regulated (1.04±0.21 vs. 0.61±0.12), and the difference was statistically significant ( t=4.451, P<0.01). However, there were no statistically significant differences in the expression of CRHR-1, CRHR2, DNMT1, DNMT3a, DNMT3b at the mRNA level, and the expression of ASH2L between IBS group and control group (0.96±0.13 vs. 1.00±0.26, 1.35±0.63 vs. 1.00±0.43, 1.40±0.61 vs.1.00±0.19, 1.39±0.58 vs. 1.00±0.21, 1.45±0.71vs.1.00±0.39 and 0.80±0.19 vs. 1.05±0.26, respectively; all P>0.05). Conclusions:Maternal separation combined with postnatal stress affect the transcription of Crh gene in LC and cause the activation of the stress regulation network CRH and norepinephrine system, resulting in the increase of the visceral sensitivity of rats. The abnormal transcription of Crh gene may be related with SMYD2-mediated histone H3K36 methylation, but not related with the modification of DNA methylation.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817703

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To evaluate the protective effect of Scutellarin(SCU)on type II diabetes-induced disorder of testes and show the mechanism of Scutellarin′s action.【Method】We divided 24 Wistar rats equally into 3 groups:control group,diabetes group and diabetes + SCU group. We used streptozotocin and high-fat diet to establish type Ⅱ diabetic rat model on Wistar rat. Haematoxylin and eosin staining were used to evaluate the testicular morphologic changes. Immunohistochemical staining was used to measure the expression level of vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF)in testes. Oxidative stress in testes and epididymis was tested by fluorescence spectrophotometer and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The blood flow rate in testicular vessels was measured by Doppler. 【Results】 Our results showed that hyperglycemia induced morphologic impairments in testes of rats, higher concentrations of Malondialdehyde(MDA) and ROS in testes and epididymis, lower testicular blood flow rate, while administration of Scutellarin could significantly inhibit these damages(DCF:12.93 vs. 7.63 mg/min ;MDA:2.37 vs. 1.48 mg/min ;testicular blood flow rate:110.0 vs. 210.2 mm/s;P < 0.05).【Conclusion】Our data suggest that SCU has the potential to reverse male reproductive disorder in diabetes by reducing the concentrations of ROS and improving. microcirculatory disturbances.

19.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 40-44, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798920

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the role of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) system in locus ceruleus (LC) in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and to explore its molecular mechanism.@*Methods@#The IBS rat was established by maternal separation following with postnatal stress. The tissues sample of LC was obtained by micropunched nuclei. The expression of c-Fos, CRH and its receptors including corticotropin-releasing hormone receptor (CRHR) 1 and CRHR2 of rats’ LC tissues of control group and IBS group was detected by quantitative polymerase chain reaction(PCR). The expression of DNA methyltransferase (DNTM) 1, DNMT3a and DNMT3b at the mRNA level were also measured. In addition, the expression of histone methyltransferase ASH2-like protein (ASH2L) and SET and MYND domain containing 2 (SMYD2) was determined by Western blotting. T test was used for statistical analysis.@*Results@#The rectal pneumatic pressure of IBS group was lower than that of control group ((69.82±5.47) mmHg vs. (86.86±5.98) mmHg; 1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), however compared with that of control group, the expression of c-Fos at the mRNA level increased (2.11±0.44 vs.1.00±0.19), and the differences were statistically significant (t=6.215 and 2.321, P<0.01 and 0.05). In addition, compared with that of control group, the expression of CRH at the mRNA level increased (1.99±0.35 vs.1.00±0.13), and the difference was statistically significant (t= 2.797, P<0.05). Compared with that of control group, the expression of SMYD2 at the protein level up-regulated (1.04±0.21 vs. 0.61±0.12), and the difference was statistically significant (t=4.451, P<0.01). However, there were no statistically significant differences in the expression of CRHR-1, CRHR2, DNMT1, DNMT3a, DNMT3b at the mRNA level, and the expression of ASH2L between IBS group and control group (0.96±0.13 vs. 1.00±0.26, 1.35±0.63 vs. 1.00±0.43, 1.40±0.61 vs.1.00±0.19, 1.39±0.58 vs. 1.00±0.21, 1.45±0.71vs.1.00±0.39 and 0.80±0.19 vs. 1.05±0.26, respectively; all P>0.05).@*Conclusions@#Maternal separation combined with postnatal stress affect the transcription of Crh gene in LC and cause the activation of the stress regulation network CRH and norepinephrine system, resulting in the increase of the visceral sensitivity of rats. The abnormal transcription of Crh gene may be related with SMYD2-mediated histone H3K36 methylation, but not related with the modification of DNA methylation.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798606

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the association between adherens junction proteins E-cadherin and β-catenin and tight junction protein claudin-2 and clinical symptoms in patients with diarrhea predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D).@*Methods@#Cecal biopsy tissues were collected from IBS-D patients (n=26) according to Rome Ⅲ criterion and healthy controls (n=26). The duration of symptoms, abdominal pain score and mean weekly bowel movements were recorded. Colorectal dilatation combined with restraint stress were applied to establish visceral hypersensitivity rat model. Abdominal contraction reflex (AWR) was applied to assess the visceral sensitivity in rats. The stool frequency within 1 hour was recorded after establishing the rat model. The expression of E-cadherin、β-catenin and claudin-2 were assessed by Western blot and immunofluorescence microscopy. Intercellular ultrastructure was observed by transmission electron microscopy.@*Results@#Compared with the healthy controls, the protein expression of E-cadherin and β-catenin in cecal epithelium in IBS-D patients were significantly lower (P=0.015 and P=0.005, respectively), while claudin-2 was significantly higher (P=0.000). Reduced E-cadherin and β-catenin expression was associated high abdominal pain score (r=-0.463, P=0.017 and r=-0.407, P=0.039). The lower expression of β-catenin was associated with longer duration of symptoms (r=-0.458, P=0.019). The protein expression of E-cadherin and ß-catenin in the cecal epithelium of the visceral hypersensitivity rats were significantly lower (P=0.004 and P=0.003, respectively), while claudin-2 was significantly higher (P=0.008). Reduced E-cadherin and ß-catenin expression was associated high visceral sensitivity in IBS-D rats (r=-0.639, P=0.047 and r=-0.888, P=0.001).@*Conclusions@#Intercellular ultrastructure alterations well as cecal β-catenin and E-cadherin protein expression decrease and are associated with high abdominal pain score in IBS-D patients and hypersensitivity rats. β-catenin is further associated with prolonged duration of symptoms in IBS-D patients. The expression of E-cadherin and β-catenin may play a vital role in visceral sensitivity and intestinal barrier dysfunction in IBS-D.

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