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1.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 269-276, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969983

ABSTRACT

Based on data mining technology, the acupoints compatibility rules of acupuncture for depression diseases were explored. The randomized controlled trial (RCT) articles regarding acupuncture for depression diseases published from establishment of database to September 2nd, 2022 were searched in CNKI database, Wangfang database, VIP database, SinoMed database, PubMed, EMbase, Web of Science and Cochrane Library. The use frequency of acupoints, meridian tropism, selection of special acupoints and acupoint association rules for five common depression diseases, including primary depression, post-stroke depression, menopausal syndrome, psychoneurosis and anxiety disorder, were analyzed by Python programming language. Cytoscape software was used to analyze the acupoint association and the disease-acupoint co-occurrence network. As a result, totally 387 articles were included, and 319 acupoints prescriptions for the above five common depression diseases were extracted, involving 159 acupoints. The use frequency of acupoints was 2 574 times in total. The frequently-used acupoints were Baihui (GV 20), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Taichong (LR 3), Neiguan (PC 6), Shenmen (HT 7), Yintang (GV 24+), Zusanli (ST 36), Hegu (LI 4), Sishencong (EX-HN 1) and Taixi (KI 3), etc. The frequently involved meridians were the governor vessel, foot-taiyang bladder meridian, foot-taiyin spleen meridian, and foot-jueyin liver meridian. The frequency of the special acupoints from high to low was crossing points, five-shu points, yuan-primary points, back-shu points, luo-connecting points, and eight confluent points, etc, which were often used in combination with "Baihui (GV 20)-Yintang (GV 24+)" (the highest degree of association). At the same time, the analysis of the co-occurrence network of depression diseases and acupoints showed that the core acupoints group of acupuncture for depression diseases were Baihui (GV 20), Taichong (LR 3), Shenmen (HT 7), Zusanli (ST 36), Neiguan (PC 6) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6). In conclusion, acupuncture treatment for depression diseases has gradually formed a rule of acupoint compatibility, with special acupoint as the main body and "unblocking the governor vessel, and regulating the spirit and qi " as the main therapeutic principle.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Data Mining , Depression , Meridians , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
2.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 331-337, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885153

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the current situation of insomnia in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), and analyze the influencing factors of insomnia in the ACS patients, so as to provide information on the development of new strategies for the treatment of insomnia in ACS patients.Methods:This is a multicenter and prospective observational study. A total of 771 ACS patients who met the criteria were selected from March 2013 to June 2015. The baseline social demographic information, sleep quality questionnaire, general anxiety disorder scale-7(GAD-7),patient health questionnaire-9(PHQ-9), short-form 12 health survey questionnaire(SF-12), and enhancing recovery in coronary heart disease patients social inventory(ESSI) were completed within 7 days after admission. Logistic regression analyses were used to analyze the influencing factors of insomnia in ACS patients.Results:A total of 741 subjects with valid questionnaires were collected, including 510 males (68.8%) and 231 females (31.2%). Among them, 487 (65.7%) subjects had at least one insomnia symptom: 308 (41.6%) subjects had difficulty in falling asleep, 369 (49.8%) subjects were easy to wake at night, 116 (15.7%) subjects woke up earlier than they expected, 74 (10.0%) subjects experienced both woke up earlier and difficulty in falling asleep, and 53 (7.2%) subjects woke up earlier, woke up at night and had difficulty in falling asleep at the same time. Logistic regression analyses showed that before admission physical activity ( OR =0.636, 95% CI 0.411-0.984), depression ( OR=1.908, 95% CI 1.101-3.305) and low social support ( OR=0.278, 95% CI 1.198-3.301) were independent factors of insomnia in ACS patients. Conclusions:Nearly 2/3 ACS patients have symptoms of insomnia. Difficulty in falling asleep and easy to wake up at night are the most common manifestations. Physical activity, depression and social support independently are associated with insomnia.

3.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 609-616, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015941

ABSTRACT

Iron-only hydrogenase-like protein 1 (IOP1) is a component of the cytosolic iron-sulfur protein assembly (CIA) machinery. IOP1 has been suggested to be a negative regulator of the hypoxia-inducible transcription factor 1(HIF-1). We previously reported that loss of one copy of NAR1 (the yeast homolog of IOP1) in diploid yeast cells leads to increased sensitivity to oxidative stress and decreased replicative lifespan‚ however‚ the underlying mechanism is still unclear. Recently‚ we found that the IOP1 protein was upregulated in late-passaged primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) compared with that in early-passaged primary HUVECs‚ which indicated a potential association of IOP1 with cellular senescence. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential function of IOP1 in aging in mammalian cells. The primary HUVECs were transfected with IOP1-specific siRNA and subjected to premature senescence assays. We found that IOP1 knockdown leads to premature senescence and decreased cell proliferative ability (P < 0. 01) in primary HUVECs. Further studies revealed that downregulation of IOP1 resulted in upregulated ROS levels (P < 0. 01)‚ enhanced DNA damage (P<0. 05) and decreased mitochondrial respiration (P<0. 01) along with cell cycle arrest at the G

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 629-632, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868669

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the feasibility of hippocampal-avoidance (HA) prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) in small cell lung cancer patients (SCLC)(limited stage) after chemotherapy and thoracic radiation.Methods:From June 2016 to March 2019, 40 eligible SCLC patients were recruited and randomly divided into the routine PCI ( n=22) and hippocampal-avoidance PCI (HA-PCI) groups ( n=18). The HA zone was contoured according to the criteria of RTOG 0933. Volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) was adopted in the HA-PCI group. After radiotherapy, Hopkins verbal learning test (HVLT) and MRI were performed. Results:The average hippocampus volume was (4.01±1.57) cm 3, the average HA volume was (20.13±4.14) cm 3, HA D 100% was (7.19±0.38) Gy and HA D max was (14.38±1.18) Gy. During HVLT, 1-month-after-PCI vs. before-PCI (trial3, trial4, learning, percent retained), 1-month-after-PCI vs. after-PCI (trial3, learning), HA-PCI cohort showed advantages over PCI in HVLT scores. The average follow-up time was (17.00±8.47) months. Two patients with brain metastases which were out of the HAZ received routine PCI. Conclusions:PCI using VMAT technology to protect hippocampus is feasible in dosimetry. The test results indicate that the protective effect of hippocampus protection on memory is worthy of further promotion in clinical practice.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 653-658, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868501

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between glucose metabolism and neuron activity in radiation-induced brain injury of rat, and to explore the potential implication of 18F-FDG micro-PET in the assessment of radiation-induced cognitive dysfunction. Methods:Three-week-old male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divided into two groups, whole-brain irradiation (WBI) group and non-irradiation control group, according to the random number table method. The WBI group was irradiated with 10 Gy X-rays using a small animal precise radiotherapy apparatus. Morris water maze (MWM) test was performed to evaluate the cognitive capability of rats. 18F-FDG micro-PET covering the whole brain was conducted and the micro-PET images were processed by SPM software. The expression of neuronal activity marker c-Fos protein in rat brain was detected by immunohistochemical staining. The neuronal precursors marker DCX positive cells and newborn mature neurons marker BrdU/NeuN positive cells were detected by immunofluorescence staining. Results:Three months after irradiation, MWM place navigation test showed that the latency of whole-brain irradiated rats was longer than that of the control group ( t=2.179, 3.393, 3.219, P<0.05). In MWM spatial probe test, the percentage of target quadrant exploring time was reduced in the WBI group compared with the control group ( t=3.857, P<0.01). These result suggested that WBI caused hippocampus injury-related cognitive decline. SPM analysis of micro-PET images showed that, after WBI, the glucose metabolism in the hippocampus was significantly reduced ( t=5.12, P<0.05), the neuronal active marker c-Fos protein expression was significantly downregulated ( t=14.22, P<0.01), and the neuronal precursors marker DCX positive cells and newborn mature neurons marker BrdU/NeuN positive cells were both decreased ( t=18.77, 9.304, P<0.01). Conclusions:Glucose metabolism in the hippocampus was reduced after WBI, in consistent with the decrease of neuron activity and the reduction of neurogenesis in this area, suggesting that 18F-FDG micro-PET could be an effective method for assessing radiation-induced cognitive dysfunction.

6.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 1046-1050, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708319

ABSTRACT

Objective In view of the controversy over radiotherapy target volume for patients with limited-stage small cell lung cancer ( SCLC), a prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted to compare the impact of different radiotherapy target volumes on prognosis. Methods After 2 cycles of EP chemotherapy,patients without progressive disease were randomly assigned to receive thoracic radiotherapy (TRT) to either the post-or pre-chemotherapy primary tumour extent as study arm or control. Involved field radiotherapy (IFRT) to the entire metastatic lymph node regions was applied for both arms. TRT consisted of 45 Gy/30Fx/19 d administered concurrently with cycle 3 chemotherapy. Prophylactic cranial irradiation was administered to patients achieved complete or partial remission. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis. Results Between June 2002 and December 2017,159 and 150 patients were randomly assigned to study arm and control respectively. The 1-,2-,and 5-year local/regional control rates were 79. 4%,61. 5% and 60. 1% respectively in the study arm versus 79. 8%,66. 5%,and 57. 3% in the control arm (P=0. 73). The median OS time was 22. 1 months in the study arm (95%CI,18. 2-26. 0 months) and 26. 9 months (95%CI,23. 5-30. 3 months) in the control arm,the 1-,3-,5-,and 7-year OS rates were 81. 1%,31. 6%, 23. 9% and 22. 2% respectively in the study arm versus 85. 3%,36. 6%,26. 1% and 20. 0% in the control arm (P=0. 51).Grade 2-3 acute esophagitis was developed in 32. 9% and 43. 2% of patients respectively in study arm and control arm (P=0. 01),while grade 2-3 pulmonary fibrosis was observed in 2. 0% and 10. 9% of patients ( P= 0. 01 ) respectively. Conclusions For patients with limited-stage SCLC who received induction chemotherapy,thoracic radiotherapy can be limited to post-chemotherapy tumour extent and IFRT can be routinely applied.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 805-809, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708267

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the frequency of BRAF/ KRAS and PIK3CA mutations in the small cell lung cancer (SCLC) specimens from a large population of Chinese patients and to analyze the gene mutation and clinical characteristics. Methods A total of 557 samples were collected from SCLC patients from 2009 to 2014.BRAF,KRAS,PIK3CA,NRAS and MEK1 gene mutations were detected by the dideoxy sequencing. Chi-square test was adopted to analyze the correlation between clinical factors and gene mutation. Kaplan-Meier method was utilized for survival analysis. Cox model was used for multivariate prognostic analysis. Results BRAF mutations were detected in 13 out of 557 specimens. The mutation types included V600E (n= 5) ,V600A (n= 2) ,V600M (n= 1) ,D594G (n= 1),G464E (n= 1),K601R (n= 2) and S605N (n= 1).KRAS mutation was detected in 6 cases including G12C (n= 3),G12A (n= 1),G12D (n=1) andG13D (n= 1).PIK3CA mutation was observed in 4 samples including E545G (n= 2) and H1047R (n= 2).Besides,NRAS mutation (Q61R) was detected in 1 case and MEK1 mutation (D61Y) was noted in 1 case. These gene mutations were not significantly correlated with the age, gender, smoking status and clinical staging of the patients. Univariate survival analysis demonstrated the median survival time of patients with gene mutation was (10.30±0. 751) months (95%CI:8. 829-11. 771 months),significantly shorter than (12.80±0. 543) months (95%CI:11. 736-13. 864 months) of their counterparts without gene mutation (P=0. 011). Conclusions BRAF/ KRAS and PIK3CA gene mutation is detected in a small proportion of SCLC patients. These gene mutations are not significantly correlated with the clinical characteristics. Univariate survival analysis demonstrates that negative these gene mutations are negatively correlated with the clinical prognosis of SCLC patients.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 240-244, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708174

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the exposed dose of hippocampus(HC)of T3,T4nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients treated with intensity modulated radiotherapy(IMRT). Methods The bilateral HCs were delineated and were divided into head(HH),body(HB)and tail(HT)for 62 nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients treated with IMRT.The dose parameters of HC were then analyzed. Results The mean dose of left and right HC was(1 127±704)cGy,(1 173±762)cGy. The mean dose of left HH,HB and HT was(1 732±1029)cGy,(820±632)cGy,(423±366)cGy(P=0.000);while the mean dose of right HH, HB and HT was(1 985±1101)cGy,(837±531)cGy,(432±343)cGy(P=0.000).The exposed dose and the volume exposed in different dose of HH were obviously higher than those of HB and HT.The dose parameters of HH,HB and HT decreased in turn. The involvement of sphenoid sinus,ethmoid sinus and cavernous sinus correlated with high exposed dose of HC. Conclusions The exposed dose of HH,HB and HT was different in nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients treated with IMRT.The exposed dose of HH was the highest,which should be emphasized especially. The involvement of sphenoid sinus,ethmoid sinus and cavernous sinus suggest high exposed dose of HC.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 105-109, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708023

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyse the memory function and MRI changes in local-advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients before-and after-radiation.Methods Clinical data,dosimetric data,digital span score and MRI of 14 cases with nasopharyngeal carcinom treated in Zhejiang Cancer Hospital from November 2015 to August 2016 were retrospectively analysed.There were 1 case at T2 stage,7 cases at T3 and 6 at T4.They received IMRT or TOMO therapy concurrent with 2 cycles Nedaplatin after 2-3 cycles PF/TP induction chemotherapy.Results The IMRT dosimetric data of 9 cases were available.For hippocampus and temporal lobe,the mean volume was (15.17 ± 2.17) and (95.07 ± 12.26) cm3,respectively,while the mean dose was (1 154.06 ±771.63) and (1 306.61 ±603.69) Gy,and the max dose (3 797.61 ± 1 450.98) and (5 394.17 ± 982.28) Gy,respectively.The equivalent uniform dose (EUD) was (2 233.28 ±872.73) Gy for hippocampus and (3 113.11 ±603.69) Gy for temporal lobe.10 patients received digit span score before-and 3 months after-radiotherapy.The mean score of forward digit span was 8.8 ± 1.8 before radiation and 8.1 ± 1.59 at 3 months after radiation(P > 0.05),while thatof backward digit span decreased from 6.2 ± 1.04 before radiation to 5.3 ± 2.36 at 3 months after radiation (t =3.25,P < 0.05).9 patients' MRI were available.Volume reduction of temporal lobe was observed (t =4.57,P < 0.01) by voxel-based morphometry (VBM).Conclusions Radiation-induced injury to hippocampus and temporal lobe is inevitable in local-advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients.There might be some connection between memory loss and temporal lobe volume atrophy after radiotherapy.Enrollment of larger sample analysis is expected.

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 327-332, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707936

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prognostic value of the texture analysis contrast-enhanced MR imaging (DCE-MRI) in predicting microvascular invasion in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) before operation. Methods Sixty patients with HCC confirmed by pathology in the Chinese Academy Medical Sciences from January 2014 to December 2016,were enrolled in our study retrospectively.According to the post-operative pathology, the patients were divided into positive microvascular invation[MVI(+)]group including 30 patients, and negative MVI[MVI(-)] group including 30 patients. All patients underwent normal MR and DCE-MRI before surgery.Sixty seven texture features were extracted from the original data of arterial phase (AP) and portal venous phase (PVP) of DCE-MRI. All data were calculated by using Omni-Kinetics(OK)software of the United States.The difference between MVI(+)group and MVI(-)group was statistically significant using the independent sample t test. The identified methods of the DCE-MR texture features in predicting MVI adopted the principal component analysis (PCA) and the establishing prediction model including dimensionality reduction, modeling, prediction and verification. The model was established by logistic regression method. According to the histopathology, 80% data of AP and PVP were used as training group[48 cases,MVI(+)and MVI(-)group 24 cases respectively],20% as validation group [12 cases, MVI(+) and MVI(-) group 6 cases respectively]. The DCE-MRI images of AP and PVP were modeled and cross-referenced respectively, and the diagnostic efficiency of ROC evaluation model was adopted. Results There were 15 significant different texture features of the AP and three significant different texture features of the PVP between MVI(+) group and MVI(-) group respectively. The PCA method extracted the important DCE-MRI texture features and analyzed the 15 features of AP.The UPP and energy showed a good correlation(r>0.90),therefore the UPP were removed.Fourteen texture features were analyzed using the PCA method.There were four important texture features including the GLCM Correlation, Hara Variance, GLCM sum Variance and GLCM sum Entropy in the AP. Moreover, there were three important texture features including GLCM difference Entropy, Long Run Low Grey Level Emphasis and GLCM difference Variance in the PVP.Through the prediction model was established and crossly validated. There were three significant different texture features in the AP of DCE-MRI,including GLCM Correlation, GLCM Contrast and GLCM sum Entropy.And there were two significant different texture features in the PVP of DCE-MRI,including GLCM difference Variance and Long Run Low Grey Level Emphasis.In the training and validation group,the areas under the ROC of the AP model and PVP model were 0.774,0.681,0.889 and 0.611 respectively.The diagnosed accuracy rate of the AP model(83.30%,10/12)was higher than that of the PVP model(42.00%,5/12).Conclusion The DCE-MRI texture analysis technique could predict the MVI of HCC before operation,and the predictive accuracy of the AP texture feature was higher.

11.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1368-1371, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515398

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To explore the effects and mechanism of extracts,active constituents and constituent combination of Sinopodophylli Fructus on cell proliferation of human breast cancer. METHODS:Acid phosphatase method was conducted to deter-mine the effects of 4 extracts [ethanol extract (Xc),petroleum ether extract from ethanol extract (Xp),ethyl acetate extract from ethanol extract (Xe),n-butanol extract from ethanol extract (Xz)],5 active constituents [podophyllotoxin (S1),deoxypodophyllo-toxin (S2),4-desmethyl deoxypodophyllotoxin (S3),8-isopentenyl kaempferol (S4),8,2′-diisoprenyl quercetin-3-methyl ether (S5)] and 3 active constituent combination [combination 1,S1-S2-S3-S4-S5 (2:4:1:4:32),Z1;combination 2,S2-S4 (1:1),Z2;combination 3,S3-S4(1:4),Z3] on the MDA-MB-231,MCF-7 cell proliferation;flow cytometry was adopted to detect the effects of above-mentioned samples on MDA-MB-231,MCF-7(T47D)cell cycle and mitochondrial membrane potential. RESULTS:The active constituent combination Z1 showed significant inhibitory effects on MDA-MB-231,MCF-7 cells,the half inhibitory concen-trations(IC50)were(0.27±0.2),(0.11±0.1)μg/mL;extracts Xc,Xp,Xe,active constituents S2,S4 and active constituent combi-nation Z2,Z3 showed relatively strong inhibitory effects on MDA-MB-231,MCF-7 (T47D) cell proliferation (IC50<15 μg/mL). Both extracts and active constituents can block MDA-MB-231,MCF-7 cell cycle in G2/M phase;all active constituents can block MDA-MB-231,T47D cell cycle in G0/G1 phase,and can reduce MDA-MB-231,T47D cell mitochondrial membrane potential. CONCLUSIONS:The active constituents and constituent combination of Sinopodophylli Fructus can inhibit cell proliferation of breast cancer by affecting cell cycle and mitochondrial mem-brane potential.

12.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 832-837, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663165

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the dosimetric differences in heart and lung among three radiotherapy techniques in the treatment of thoracic esophageal cancer. Methods A total of 15 thoracic esophageal cancer patients treated in Zhejiang Cancer Hospital during the period of January 2015 to February 2016 were enrolled in this retrospective dosimetric study. Three radiotherapy treatment plans, including intensity-modulated radiotherapy ( IMRT) , volumetric intensity modulated arc therapy ( VMAT) with Raystation 4. 0v TPS, and tomotherapy (TOMO) plans with TomoTTM v2. 0. 5 TPS were generated for each patient with a prescribed dose of 60 Gy at 2 Gy per fraction. Dosimetric differences in planning target volume ( PTV) , heart, cardiac subunits and lung were compared. Results The mean volumes of PTV, heart and lung were (399 ±355), (671 ±274) and (3907 ±1717)cm3, respectively. Compared with VMAT and IMRT, TOMO reduced the maximum dose of PTV, heart, left atrium and lung ( H=10. 889, 7. 433, 12. 080, 11. 401, P <0. 05). No difference was observed in conformity or homogeneity among these three plans. Conclusions TOMO reduced the maximum dose to PTV, heart, left atrium and lung compared with VMAT and IMRT, However, no difference in conformity and homogeneity was observed. The impact of dosimetric advantage of TOMO needs further verification due to the interaction between heart and lung for thoracic esophageal cancer patients.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 1218-1221, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661821

ABSTRACT

Brain metastases ( BM ) are a frequent complication of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), with various treatment strategies. The widespread use of tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) has significantly prolonged the survival of NSCLC patients with epidermal growth factor receptor mutations. This article reviews recent progress in TKI therapy for BM in NSCLC patients and discusses a combination of TKI and radiotherapy.

14.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 1218-1221, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658902

ABSTRACT

Brain metastases ( BM ) are a frequent complication of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), with various treatment strategies. The widespread use of tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) has significantly prolonged the survival of NSCLC patients with epidermal growth factor receptor mutations. This article reviews recent progress in TKI therapy for BM in NSCLC patients and discusses a combination of TKI and radiotherapy.

15.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 1253-1258, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667562

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the radiation doses to the head, body, and tail of the hippocampus in intensity-modulated radiotherapy(IMRT)for nasopharyngeal carcinoma(NPC). Methods Ten NPC patients treated with IMRT were selected,and the head, body, and tail of both hippocampi were delineated on T1-weighted images. The doses to the hippocampus were then analyzed. WAIS-CR speech test results were tested by paired sample t-test. Results The mean doses to left and right hippocampi were 1 147±976 cGy and 1 011±602 cGy, respectively. The mean doses to the head, body, and tail of the left hippocampus were 1 739± 1 317 cGy, 890± 982 cGy, and 547± 688 cGy, respectively(P=0.042);the mean doses to the head,body,and tail of the right hippocampus were 1 691±942 cGy,744±483 cGy,and 531±603 cGy,respectively(P=0.002).The dose to the hippocampus decreased from the head to the tail, and the irradiated volume also decreased as the dose varied. Conclusions The dose to hippocampus decreases from the head to the tail in NPC patients treated with IMRT,which is worthy of attention.

16.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 59-62, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620041

ABSTRACT

Objective Through conducting the project of quality improvement for intrahospital transport of critically ill patients from ward to ICU,to establish graded management under early warning to improve transport efficiency and quality.Methods Through setting up project team,setting goals of quality improvement,measuring and analyzing transport status,the graded management under early warning was established from three aspects:condition,equipment and transport personnel.The graded management under early warning was applied to clinical nursing practice to evaluate the effects.Results There was no statistical difference before and after the implementation of graded management under early warning in gender,age and condition of critical ill patients between two groups,but the time of transport was significantly reduced after the implementation,while there was no equipment failure,and the incidence of adverse events associated with devices decreased effectively.Conclusion The establishment and application of graded management under early warning has effectively reduced the risks of transport,improved efficiency and quality of transport.

17.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 225-228, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510379

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the use of transfer statements in inhouse transport of critical patients.Methods By means of continuous enrollment,123 critical patients were enrolled as a control group for conventional transport,and 111 such patients were enrolled as an observation group for transport using the transfer statement.Then the incidence of adverse events,transport during and nurse-nurse collaboration level of the two groups were compared.Results In the control group,its incidence of adverse events was 13.8%,the mean transport during was(19.5 ± 8.4)minutes,and the mean score for nurse-nurse collaboration level was ( 101.87 ± 7.13 ).In the observation group,its incidence of adverse events was 5.4%,the mean transport during was(13.5 ± 5.4)minutes,and the mean score for nurse-nurse collaboration level was(106.15 ± 8.86).Implementing the transfer statement has cut back the incidence of adverse events (P<0.05)and the transport duration significantly(t=3.833,P<0.01),while improving the level of nurse-nurse cooperation significantly(t= -4.261,P<0.05).Conclusions The transfer statement can increase the safety of patient transport,promote organization and coordination of nurses,and improve the efficiency of transport.

18.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (24): 87-91, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507311

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of lung cancer patients with axillary lymph node metastasis (ALNM). Methods:The clinical data of 91 lung cancer patients with ALNM who were treated in Zhejiang Cancer Hospital from January 1st, 2007 to December 31st, 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. The relevance of the sites of the tumor site, local lymph node, and ax-illary lymph node was checked by contingency table. Survival rates were calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method and compared by a log-rank test. Cox proportional hazards model was applied to analyze the prognostic factors. Results:The proportion of lung cancer pa-tients with ALNM was 0.63%, and the patients were often presented with adenocarcinoma, peripheral tumor type, pleura invasion with pleural effusion, or chest wall invasion. A relationship between tumor sites, local lymph node sites, and axillary lymph node sites was observed. The median survival time of lung cancer patients with ALNM was 19.02 months, and the two-year survival rate is 62.64%. Patients identified with ALNM at the initial diagnosis reported poor prognosis (P=0.002). Cox regression analysis showed that the relative risk of death in patients with ALNM at initial diagnosis was elevated 2.18 times (95%CI:1.330?3.572, P=0.003). Conclu-sion:ALNM in lung cancer is rare, and it may involve through direct chest wall invasion and spread from supraclavicular and mediasti-nal lymph node metastasis or systemic origin. Patients detected with ALNM at the initial diagnosis indicated poor prognosis.

19.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 234-238, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488156

ABSTRACT

Objective To apply Nutritional Risk Screening-2002(NRS-2002) to perform primary screening for nutritional risk in patients with esophageal cancer who undergo radiotherapy, and assess their nutritional status, and to investigate the value of NRS-2002 in such patients.Methods A total of 97 patients who were diagnosed with esophageal cancer and underwent radiotherapy in Zhejiang Cancer Hospital from January 2010 to April 2014 were analyzed retrospectively.The Kaplan-Meier method was applied to analyze the difference in survival, and the chi-square test and the Pearson correlation analysis were applied to analyze the correlation between NRS-2002 score and blood parameters.Results Of all patients, 26.8%had nutritional risk before radiotherapy, which gradually increased with the progress of radiotherapy.The 1-year overall survival rates of the patients with NRS-2002scores of ≤3 and ≥4 on admission were 91.1%and 61.9%, respectively (P=0.010).As for the patients with the highest NRS-2002 scores of ≤2 and ≥3 during treatment, the 1-year overall survival rates were 94.2% and 77.5%, respectively (P=0.012).As for the patients with the lowest NRS-2002 scores of ≤3 and ≥4 during treatment, the 1-year overall survival rates were 91.3% and 54.5%, respectively ( P=0.018).The NRS-2002 score was correlated with prealbumin on admission and at week 1 of radiotherapy (P=0.000 and 0.002), and the NRS-2002 score was correlated with albumin at week 3 of radiotherapy (P=0.036).The multivariate analysis showed that the TNM stage of esophageal cancer and the highest NRS-2002 score during treatment were the independent prognostic factors in esophageal cancer (P=0.001 and 0.005).Conclusions The patients with esophageal cancer undergoing radiotherapy have high nutritional risk, and NRS-2002 score is the independent prognostic factor in these patients and can be used as a tool for primary screening for nutritional risk.

20.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 644-650, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497736

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of transitional care on the quality of life in patients with maintenance hemodialysis (MHD).Methods 101 MHD patients with symptoms of kidney < 80 points were assigned into the interventional group (47 of 51 cases completed the study) and the control group (45 of 50 cases completed the study) by random number table method.The patients in the interventional group received transitional care for 6 months,while control group received routine care.The effects on function index,satisfaction index and clinical index were evaluated at the 3rd month and 6th month after intervention.Results 6 months after intervention,the scores of physical composite,mental composite,burden of kidney disease,symptoms/problems list,effects of kidney disease in the interventional group were 51.78±5.91,55.32±5.36,29.79±17.64,79.39±6.73,68.02±11.38,while the scores of the control group were 38.22±9.46,42.03±8.32,19.58±17.25,69.49±10.10,52.09±16.78,and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (t=5.308-9.063,Z=-3.07,P < 0.01).The scores of self-management behavior,health locus of control in the interventional group were 71.30-±5.42,25.74±2.42,while the scores of the control group were 65.0±8.74,22.47±3.97 (t=4.132,4.759,P < 0.01).The nursing satisfaction in the interventional group scored 91.06±7.29,which was significantly higher than the control group scored 86.22±10.72 (Z=-2.45,P< 0.05).The level of serum phosphorus (PO4),Ca × PO4 products,parathormone (PTH) in the interventional group were (1.76±0.35) mmol/L,(51.02±10.04) mg2/dl2,464.56 ng/L,which were significanlty lower than (2.01±0.54) mmol/L,(57.41±17.38) mg2/dl2,625.78 ng/L in the control group (t=-2.691,-2.167,-2.000 in tum,P < 0.01 or 0.05).Conclusions Transitional care achieves good effectiveness on the quality of life in patients with MHD.

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