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1.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 488-494, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981621

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the preparation and properties of the hyaluronic acid (HA)/α-calcium sulfate hemihydrate (α-CSH)/β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) material (hereinafter referred to as composite material).@*METHODS@#Firstly, the α-CSH was prepared from calcium sulfate dihydrate by hydrothermal method, and the β-TCP was prepared by wet reaction of soluble calcium salt and phosphate. Secondly, the α-CSH and β-TCP were mixed in different proportions (10∶0, 9∶1, 8∶2, 7∶3, 5∶5, and 3∶7), and then mixed with HA solutions with concentrations of 0.1%, 0.25%, 0.5%, 1.0%, and 2.0%, respectively, at a liquid-solid ratio of 0.30 and 0.35 respectively to prepare HA/α-CSH/ β-TCP composite material. The α-CSH/β-TCP composite material prepared with α-CSH, β-TCP, and deionized water was used as the control. The composite material was analyzed by scanning electron microscope, X-ray diffraction analysis, initial/final setting time, degradation, compressive strength, dispersion, injectability, and cytotoxicity.@*RESULTS@#The HA/α-CSH/β-TCP composite material was prepared successfully. The composite material has rough surface, densely packed irregular block particles and strip particles, and microporous structures, with the pore size mainly between 5 and 15 μm. When the content of β-TCP increased, the initial/final setting time of composite material increased, the degradation rate decreased, and the compressive strength showed a trend of first increasing and then weakening; there were significant differences between the composite materials with different α-CSH/β-TCP proportion ( P<0.05). Adding HA improved the injectable property of the composite material, and it showed an increasing trend with the increase of concentration ( P<0.05), but it has no obvious effect on the setting time of composite material ( P>0.05). The cytotoxicity level of HA/α-CSH/β-TCP composite material ranged from 0 to 1, without cytotoxicity.@*CONCLUSION@#The HA/α-CSH/β-TCP composite materials have good biocompatibility. Theoretically, it can meet the clinical needs of bone defect repairing, and may be a new artificial bone material with potential clinical application prospect.


Subject(s)
Calcium Phosphates , Bone and Bones , Phosphates
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2876-2895, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981422

ABSTRACT

Microbial transformation is an efficient enzymatic approach for the structural modification of exogenous compounds to obtain derivatives. Compared with traditional chemical synthesis, the microbial transformation has in fact the undoubtable advantages of strong region-and stereo-selectivity, and a low environmental and economic impact on the production process, which can achieve the reactions challenging to chemical synthesis. Because microbes are equipped with a broad-spectrum of enzymes and therefore can metabolize various substrates, they are not only a significant route for obtaining novel active derivatives, but also an effective tool for mimicking mammal metabolism in vitro. Artemisinin, a sesquiterpene with a peroxy-bridged structure serving as the main active functional group, is a famous antimalarial agent discovered from Artemisia annua L. Some sesquiterpenoids, such as dihydroartemisinin, artemether, and arteether, have been developed on the basis of artemisinin, which have been successfully marketed and become the first-line antimalarial drugs recommended by WHO. As revealed by pharmacological studies, artemisinin and its derivatives have exhibited extensive biological activities, including antimalarial, antitumor, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, and immunomodulatory. As an efficient approach for structural modification, microbial transformation of artemisinin and its derivatives is an increasingly popular strategy that attracts considerable attention recently, and numerous novel derivatives have been discovered. Herein, this paper reviewed the microbial transformation of artemisinin and its artemisinin, including microbial strains, culture conditions, product isolation and yield, and biological activities, and summarized the advances in microbial transformation in obtaining active derivatives of artemisinin and the simulation of in vivo metabolism of drugs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antimalarials/pharmacology , Antiviral Agents , Artemether , Artemisinins , Mammals
3.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 558-562, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986890

ABSTRACT

The patient was a 55-year-old man who was admitted to hospital with "progressive myalgia and weakness for 4 months, and exacerbated for 1 month". Four months ago, he presented with persistent shoulder girdle myalgia and elevated creatine kinase (CK) at routine physical examination, which fluctuated from 1 271 to 2 963 U/L after discontinuation of statin treatment. Progressive myalgia and weakness worsened seriously to breath-holding and profuse sweating 1 month ago. The patient was post-operative for renal cancer, had previous diabetes mellitus and coronary artery disease medical history, had a stent implanted by percutaneous coronary intervention and was on long-term medication with aspirin, atorvastatin and metoprolol. Neurological examination showed pressure pain in the scapularis and pelvic girdle muscles, and V- grade muscle strength in the proximal extremities. Strongly positive of anti-HMGCR antibody was detected. Muscle magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) T2-weighted image and short time inversion recovery sequences (STIR) showed high signals in the right vastus lateralis and semimembranosus muscles. There was a small amount of myofibrillar degeneration and necrosis, CD4 positive inflammatory cells around the vessels and among myofibrils, MHC-Ⅰ infiltration, and multifocal lamellar deposition of C5b9 in non-necrotic myofibrils of the right quadriceps muscle pathological manifestation. According to the clinical manifestation, imageological change, increased CK, blood specific anti-HMGCR antibody and biopsy pathological immune-mediated evidence, the diagnosis of anti-HMGCR immune-mediated necrotizing myopathy was unequivocal. Methylprednisolone was administrated as 48 mg daily orally, and was reduced to medication discontinuation gradually. The patient's complaint of myalgia and breathlessness completely disappeared after 2 weeks, the weakness relief with no residual clinical symptoms 2 months later. Follow-up to date, there was no myalgia or weakness with slightly increasing CK rechecked. The case was a classical anti-HMGCR-IMNM without swallowing difficulties, joint symptoms, rash, lung symptoms, gastrointestinal symptoms, heart failure and Raynaud's phenomenon. The other clinical characters of the disease included CK as mean levels >10 times of upper limit of normal, active myogenic damage in electromyography, predominant edema and steatosis of gluteus and external rotator groups in T2WI and/or STIR at advanced disease phase except axial muscles. The symptoms may occasionally improve with discontinuation of statins, but glucocorticoids are usually required, and other treatments include a variety of immunosuppressive therapies such as methotrexate, rituximab and intravenous gammaglobulin.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Autoantibodies , Myositis/diagnosis , Autoimmune Diseases , Muscle, Skeletal/pathology , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Necrosis/pathology , Muscular Diseases/drug therapy
4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2634-2643, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981221

ABSTRACT

The antigen gene expression level of a DNA vaccine is the key factor influencing the efficacy of the DNA vaccine. Accordingly, one of the ways to improve the antigen gene expression level of a DNA vaccine is to utilize a plasmid vector that is replicable in eukaryotic cells. A replicative DNA vaccine vector pCMVori was constructed based on the non-replicative pcDNA3.1 and the replicon of porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2) in this study. An EGFP gene was cloned into pCMVori and the control plasmid pcDNA3.1. The two recombinant vectors were transfected into PK-15 cell, and the plasmid DNA and RNA were extracted from the transfected cells. Real-time PCR was used to determine the plasmid replication efficiency of the two plasmids using plasmid before and after Bcl Ⅰ digestion as templates, and the transcription level of the Rep gene in PCV2 replicon was detected by RT-PCR. The average fluorescence intensity of cells transfected with the two plasmids was analyzed with software Image J, and the transcription level of EGFP was determined by means of real-time RT-PCR. The results showed that the replication efficiency of pCMVori in PK-15 cells incubated for 48 h was 136%, and the transcriptions of Rep and Rep' were verified by RT-PCR. The average fluorescence intensity of the cells transfected with pCMVori-EGFP was 39.14% higher than that of pcDNA3.1-EGFP, and the transcription level of EGFP in the former was also 40% higher than that in the latter. In conclusion, the DNA vaccine vector pCMVori constructed in this study can independently replicate in eukaryotic cells. As a result, the expression level of cloned target gene was elevated, providing a basis for developing the pCMVori-based DNA vaccine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Swine , Circovirus/genetics , Vaccines, DNA/genetics , Replicon/genetics , Genetic Vectors/genetics , Plasmids/genetics
5.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 367-373, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980730

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the brain effect mechanism and the correlation between brain functional imaging and cognitive function in treatment of depressive disorder (DD) with transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) based on the resting-state functional magenetic reasonance imaging (rs-fMRI).@*METHODS@#Thirty-two DD patients were included in a depression group and 32 subjects of healthy condition were enrolled in a normal group. In the depression group, the taVNS was applied to bilateral Xin (CO15) and Shen (CO10), at disperse-dense wave, 4 Hz/20 Hz in frequency and current intensity ≤20 mA depending on patient's tolerance, 30 min each time, twice daily. The duration of treatment consisted of 8 weeks. The patients of two groups were undertaken rs-fMRI scanning. The scores of Hamilton depression scale (HAMD), Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA) and Wisconsin card sorting test (WCST) were observed in the normal group at baseline and the depression group before and after treatment separately. The differential brain regions were observed before and after treatment in the two groups and the value of degree centrality (DC) of fMRI was obtained. Their correlation was analyzed in terms of HAMD, HAMA and WCST scores.@*RESULTS@#The scores of HAMD and HAMA in the depression group were all higher than those in the normal group (P<0.05). After treatment, the scores of HAMD and HAMA were lower than those before treatment in the depression group; the scores of total responses, response errors and perseverative errors of WCST were all lower than those before treatment (P<0.05). The brain regions with significant differences included the left inferior temporal gyrus, the left cerebellar peduncles region 1, the left insula, the right putamen, the bilateral supplementary motor area and the right middle frontal gyrus. After treatment, the value of DC in left supplementary motor area was negatively correlated to HAMD and HAMA scores respectively (r=-0.324, P=0.012; r=-0.310, P=0.015); the value of DC in left cerebellar peduncles region 1 was negatively correlated to the total responses of WCST (r=-0.322, P=0.013), and the left insula was positively correlated to the total responses of WCST (r=0.271, P=0.036).@*CONCLUSION@#The taVNS can modulate the intensity of the functional activities of some brain regions so as to relieve depressive symptoms and improve cognitive function.


Subject(s)
Humans , Depression/therapy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Vagus Nerve Stimulation/methods , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation/methods , Vagus Nerve
6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1426-1430, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976264

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the immunomodulatory effect of Guipi pills on D-galactose(D-gal)-induced aging mice. METHODS The immune-related targets and related pathways for Guipi pills to exert immune effects were screened by network pharmacology and verified through pharmacodynamic experiments. Totally 105 male ICR mice were randomly divided into blank control (CON) group, model control (MOD) group, positive control (POS) group, Guipi pills low-dose (GD) group and Guipi pills high-dose (GG) group. Except for the CON group, other groups were subcutaneously injected with 400 mg/kg D-gal to induce the aging model; CON group and MOD group were given distilled water, POS group was given 300 mg/kg pidotimod oral solution intragastrically, GD group and GG group were given Guipi pills 300, 600 mg/kg intragastrically, once a day, for 8 weeks. After medication, the serum and spleen were collected, and the contents of interleukin 2 (IL-2), IL-4, IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), and the contents of immunoglobulin G (IgG), IgM and IgA were detected. The spleen index was calculated and the histopathological changes in the spleen were observed. The activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH- Px) and malondialdehyde (MDA), and the content of 8-hydroxy-2 deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) in spleen were detected; the expression of TNF/phosphoinositide-3-kinase-threonine protein kinase (PI3k-Akt)-related proteins in spleen was detected except for POS group. RESULTS The results of network pharmacology showed that TNF, IL-6 and Akt1 were core targets. The results of pharmacodynamic study showed that compared with MOD group, the contents of IL-2, IL-4, IgG, IgM and IgA were increased significantly in Guipi pills groups, while the contents of TNF-α and IL-6 were decreased significantly; the spleen index was increased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The phenomenon of diffuse proliferation of lymphocytes was improved, the spleen cells were closely arranged, and the line between the white pulp and red pulp was clear. The activities of SOD and GSH-Px in spleen were increased significantly, while the activity of MDA, the content of 8-OHdG, and the protein expressions of TNF-α, PI3K and p-Akt were decreased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS Guipi pills can regulate the immune function of D-gal-induced aging mice, which is related to regulating the TNF/PI3k-Akt pathway, thereby reducing oxidative stress damage in spleen tissue of mice, and regulating protein expressions of TNF-α, PI3K and p-Akt.

7.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 28-32, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970442

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in the diagnosis and treatment of renal cell carcinoma with inferior vena cava tumor thrombus. Methods Ten patients of renal cell carcinoma with inferior vena cava tumor thrombus treated in the Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University from January 2017 to January 2021 were selected.TEE was employed to locate the position of the tumor thrombus,determine the occlusion point of the inferior vena cava,count the intraoperative tumor thrombus shedding rate,examine the tumor thrombus resection integrity,and measure blood loss and other indicators,on the basis of which the application value of TEE in the operation of renal cell carcinoma with inferior vena cava tumor thrombus was evaluated. Results All the 10 patients had completed the operations successfully,including 8 patients of open operation and 2 patients of laparoscopic operation.TEE showed tumor thrombi clearly,and all the tumor thrombi were completely removed.There was no tumor thrombus shedding during the operation.The blood loss varied within the range of 300-800 ml,with the mean of (520.0±193.2) ml.The grade III tumor thrombi in 2 patients and the grade I tumor thrombus in 1 patient diagnosed before operation were reduced to grade Ⅱ and upgraded to grade Ⅱ,respectively,by TEE.One patient had no floating tumor thrombus at the end of tumor thrombus before operation,and the blocking position was adjusted in time with the assistance of TEE to avoid the shedding of the floating tumor thrombus. Conclusion TEE can accurately determine and dynamically monitor the location and shape of inferior vena cava tumor thrombus,which provides an important reference and has a significant clinical value in the operation of renal cell carcinoma with inferior vena cava tumor thrombus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/surgery , Echocardiography, Transesophageal , Vena Cava, Inferior , Echocardiography , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery
8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 329-332, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969993

ABSTRACT

This paper summarizes professor GUAN Ling's clinical experience in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) with structure-based medical acupuncture (SMA). Based on anatomy and biomechanics and through accurate physical examination, SMA adjusts the mechanical imbalance of muscles to relieve KOA dysfunction, and releases nerve compression to attenuate pain symptoms of KOA. In reference to traditional acupoint selection, and in association with painful areas and mechanical deduction, ashi points located at the rectus femoris, vastus intermedius, vastus medialis and vastus lateralis muscles, etc. are specially stimulated with acupuncture; and the rehabilitation training and health education are the adjuvant treatment for the patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture Points , Adjuvants, Immunologic , Pain , Quadriceps Muscle
9.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 640-649, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984158

ABSTRACT

Hyperspectral imaging technology can obtain the spatial and spectral three-dimensional imaging of substances simultaneously, and obtain the unique continuous characteristic spectrum of substances in a wide spectrum range at a certain spatial resolution, which has outstanding advantages in the fine classification and identification of biological substances. With the development of hyperspectral imaging technology, a large amount of data has been accumulated in the exploration of data acquisition, image processing and material inspection. As a new technology means, hyperspectral imaging technology has its unique advantages and wide application prospects. It can be combined with the common biological physical evidence of blood (stains), saliva, semen, sweat, hair, nails, bones, etc., to achieve rapid separation, inspection and identification of substances. This paper introduces the basic theory of hyperspectral imaging technology and its application in common biological evidence examination research and analyzes the feasibility and development of biological evidence testing and identification, in order to provide a theoretical basis for the development of new technology and promote hyperspectral imaging technology in related biological examination, to better serve the forensic practice.


Subject(s)
Spectrum Analysis/methods , Hyperspectral Imaging , Forensic Medicine , Blood Stains , Technology
10.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 161-167, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932308

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a risk prediction and assessment system for incisional infection after spinal surgery.Methods:Based on the failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA), risk factors and assessment indicators of postoperative incisional infection in spinal surgery were sorted out through literature search followed by expert consultation using the Delphi expert consultation method. After three-level assessment indicators were selected according to their importance and expert opinions and assigned by different scores, a risk prediction and evaluation system was constructed for postoperative incisional infection after spinal surgery.Results:The 2 rounds of expert consultation questionnaire resulted in an effective response rate of 100%. The degree of expert consultation authority was 0.85, showing high reliability; the Kendall coordination coefficients of expert consultation ranged from 0.525 to 0.686, showing good coordination ( P<0.05). The three-level assessment indicators consisted of 3 primary, 18 secondary and 54 tertiary ones. After statistical analyses of the important risk indicators selected which consisted of 6 preoperative evaluation ones and 18 postoperative evaluation ones, 6 preoperative and 12 postoperative predictive indicators were obtained. The values of risk priority number (RPN) were calculated for high, medium and low risks for postoperative incisional infection using a semi-quantitative method. Conclusion:A self-designed system has been constructed for risk prediction and assessment of incisional infection after spinal surgery based on expert consultation and FMEA method.

11.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 923-927, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940868

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To create a model for early prediction of essential hypertension (EH) based on the TreeNet algorithm, so as to provide a tool for early monitoring of EH. @*Methods@#The health examination data were collected from individuals receiving health examinations in Hangzhou Haiqin Health Examination Center or Shanghai Yibao Health Management Co., Ltd from 2014 to 2016, and a predictive model for EH was created based on the TreeNet algorithm. The effectiveness of the model for early prediction of EH was evaluated using root mean square error (RMSE), mean absolute deviation (MAD), coefficient of determination (R2) and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. @*Results@#A total of 12 variables were included in the model, and the highest contributing variable was body mass index (BMI), followed by BMI difference, two-year BMI difference, two-year triglyceride (TG) difference, two-year total cholesterol (TC) difference, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) in 2014, TG in 2014, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) in 2014, body weight in 2015, fasting blood glucose in 2015, TG in 2015, urea nitrogen difference and platelet in 2015. The highest predictive accuracy was 100.00%, and the lowest was 56.89%. The risk of EH significantly increased among individuals with BMI in 2015 of >25 kg/m2, two-year BMI difference of >0.5 kg/m2, two-year TG difference ranging from 1.3 to 3.3 mmol/L, TC in 2015 of 2.0 to 2.4 mmol/L and HDL-C in 2014 of <0.52 mmol/L. The model presented RMSE of 0.082, MAD of 0.064, R2 of 0.811, area under the ROC curve of 0.788 (95%CI: 0.741-0.815), sensitivity of 69.05% and specificity of 66.21% for prediction of EH@*Conclusion@# The TreeNet algorithm-based model is effective for early monitoring of high-risk individuals for EH.

12.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 38-45, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940484

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe that effect of Ersi decoction on rats with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) induced by using the complete Freund's adjuvant emulsion containing bovine type Ⅱ collagenand and elucidate underlying menchanisms involving to inhibit inflammation and joint synovial angiogenesis. MethodThe rat model of RA was established by immune induction with complete Freund's adjuvant emulsion containing bovine type Ⅱ collagen. All male SD rats were randomly divided into blank group, RA model group, methotrexate group(1.0 mg·kg-1), and low-, medium- and high-dose group(30,15,7.0 g·kg-1·d-1)of Ersi decoction, with 8 rats in each group. Except the blank group, rats in the methotrexate group and Ersi decoction groups were given corresponding doses of methotrexate and Ersi decoction after establishment of RA induced by strengthen immunity,respectively,and those in the model group and blank group received normal saline of equivalent volume,once a day for 28 days. After the administration, the degree of joint swelling of rats in each group was analyzed by joint swelling volume and index. The small animal ultrasound imaging system was used to detect the score and area of synovial hyperplasia of knee joint in right lower limb of rats and hematoxylin-eosin(HE)staining to observe the histomorphological changes in joint synovium of rats. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and interleukin-1β(IL-1β) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). Immunohistochemistry was employed to analyze the expression of CD31 and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2(VEGFR2) in in joint synovium. ResultCompared with the blank group, the model group demonstrated significant increase in joint swelling volume and index, inflammatory cytokines including TNF-α and IL-1β in serum, the score and area of synovial hyperplasia of knee joint in right lower limb, obvious pathological changes in the synovium and the expression of CD31 and VEGFR2 in joint synovium. Medium and high-dose Ersi decoction significantly alleviated the pathological changes of synovium tissue, attenuated joint swelling volume and index and decreased the expression of CD31 and VEGFR2 in joint synovium as compared with the model group. Moreover, high-dose Ersi decoction showed significantly lower levels of TNF-α and IL-1β in serum, and the score and area of synovial hyperplasia of knee joint in right lower limb. But medium-dose Ersi decoction only showed lower levels of TNF-α and area of synovial hyperplasia of knee joint. ConclusionErsi decoction could reduce synovial inflammation and hyperplasia through inhibiting synovial angiogenesis in rats with RA induced by bovine type Ⅱ collagen for achieving the effect of reducing RA joint damage, which provides an important reference for anti-RA of Ersi decoction in clinical application.

13.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1893-1897, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936498

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To summariz e the expe rience of the ability training of prescription-auditing pharmacists in prescription pre-audit,and introduce the typical cases of the prescription-auditing pharmacists participating in the drug intervention. METHODS From October ,2020 to October ,2021,under the audit mode of “prescription pre-audit system+prescription-auditing pharmacists ” adopted by Yuxi People ’s Hospital (hereinafter referred to as “the hospital ”),the abilities of prescription-auditing pharmacists were cultivated from the aspects of training in pharmaceutical related professional knowledge ,training in the use of Chinese and English medical retrieval tools ,databases and websites ,and clinical thinking and communication ability ;through the construction of ability evaluation form of prescription-auditing pharmacists ,their abilities were assessed. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS After one year ’s ability training ,the rational rate of prescription (doctor’s order ),the proportion of doctors ’active revision of problem prescription (doctor’s order )and the doctor ’s acceptance rate of intervention by prescription-auditing pharmacists showed an upward trend ,the average time of irrational prescription (doctor’s order )by prescription-auditing pharmacists showed a shortening trend ,and the intervention rate of prescription (doctor’s order )showed a downward trend. In addition to the publication of papers (belonging to the bonus item ),the average score of the ability evaluation form of prescription-auditing pharmacists had significantly increased , from 45.2 in October 2020 to 97.6 in October 2021.

14.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 301-307, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936212

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the related factors and treatments of delayed cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea (CFR) after invasive pituitary adenoma (IPA) surgery. Methods: One hundred and forty-two patients with IPA treated in Tianjin Huanhu Hospital from January 2014 to January 2019 were analyzed retrospectively, including 62 males and 80 females, aging from 38 to 67 years. The clinical data of patients before and after operation were collected. All patients with postoperative CFR underwent endoscopic CFR repair. During the operation, residual or recurrent pituitary adenomas were resected, the dura around the leak was enlarged and the necrotic tissue was removed. For those who still had fluid leakage after repair, the necrotic tissue was cleaned up, the leakage was filled and reinforced under endoscopy. Endoscopic rhinorrhea repair was performed if necessary. The cerebrospinal fluid leak was repaired with multi-layer materials. The related risk factors of delayed CFR after operation were analyzed. SPSS 19.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: Among the 142 patients in this group, 64 cases underwent total tumor resection and 78 cases underwent non-total tumor resection. They were followed up for 6 to 72 months. Thirty-one cases had delayed CFR, with an incidence of 21.83%, and occurred between 1 and 5 years postoperatively, with an average of 2.4 years. All 31 patients with delayed CFR underwent endoscopic CFR repair. The nasal endoscopy was rechecked at 2 weeks, 1 month, 3 months and 6 months after operation. Twenty-eight patients were repaired successfully after 1 operation, while 2 patients after 2 operations and 1 patient after 3 operations. These patients were followed up for 6 to 60 months, and no CFR occurred again. Univariate analysis showed that the degree of tumor resection, recurrence, size, texture, postoperative radiotherapy and operator experience were the risk factors of delayed CFR (all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that the degree of tumor resection and recurrence were the highest independent risk factors for postoperative CFR, and tumor size, texture, postoperative radiotherapy and operator experience were the independent risk factors in this study. Conclusions: Delayed CFR after IPA is related to the degree of tumor resection, recurrence, size, texture, postoperative radiotherapy and the operator experience. It is necessary to completely remove the tumor under endoscope, to expand resection of the dura and necrotic tissue around the leak, to repair the defect with multi-layer materials, to follow-up closely and to repair timely after operation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenoma/surgery , Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak , Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea/surgery , Pituitary Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies
15.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 535-546, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902407

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the feasibility of texture analysis on non-contrast-enhanced T1 maps of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging for the diagnosis of myocardial injury in acute myocardial infarction (MI). @*Materials and Methods@#This study included 68 patients (57 males and 11 females; mean age, 55.7 ± 10.5 years) with acute ST-segment-elevation MI who had undergone 3T CMR after a percutaneous coronary intervention. Forty patients of them also underwent a 6-month follow-up CMR. The CMR protocol included T2-weighted imaging, T1 mapping, rest first-pass perfusion, and late gadolinium enhancement. Radiomics features were extracted from the T1 maps using open-source software. Radiomics signatures were constructed with the selected strongest features to evaluate the myocardial injury severity and predict the recovery of left ventricular (LV) longitudinal systolic myocardial contractility. @*Results@#A total of 1088 segments of the acute CMR images were analyzed; 103 (9.5%) segments showed microvascular obstruction (MVO), and 557 (51.2%) segments showed MI. A total of 640 segments were included in the 6-month follow-up analysis, of which 160 (25.0%) segments showed favorable recovery of LV longitudinal systolic myocardial contractility.Combined radiomics signature and T1 values resulted in a higher diagnostic performance for MVO compared to T1 values alone (area under the curve [AUC] in the training set; 0.88, 0.72, p = 0.031: AUC in the test set; 0.86, 0.71, p = 0.002).Combined radiomics signature and T1 values also provided a higher predictive value for LV longitudinal systolic myocardial contractility recovery compared to T1 values (AUC in the training set; 0.76, 0.55, p < 0.001: AUC in the test set; 0.77, 0.60, p < 0.001). @*Conclusion@#The combination of radiomics of non-contrast-enhanced T1 mapping and T1 values could provide higher diagnostic accuracy for MVO. Radiomics also provides incremental value in the prediction of LV longitudinal systolic myocardial contractility at six months.

16.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 856-867, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922768

ABSTRACT

Chansu has demonstrated adverse reactions in clinical settings, which is associated with its toxicity and limits its clinical applications. But there are methodological limitations for drug safety evaluation. In the current study, ultra-high performance liquid chromatography, lipidomic profiling, and molecular docking were used to systemically assess Chansu-induced acute inflammatory irritation and further identify the underlying drug targets. Compared with the EtOAc extract, Chansu water fraction containing indolealkylamines caused acute inflammatory irritation in rats, including acute pain (spontaneous raising foot reaction), and inflammation (paw edema). At the molecular level, lipids analysis revealed significantly higher levels of pro-inflammatory mediators of the COX and LOX pathways. However, anti-inflammatory mediators from the CYP 450, ALA, and DHA pathways markedly decreased after exposure to Chansu water fraction. Moreover, four indolealkylamines from Chansu showed a high theoretical affinity to a known irritation target, 5-HT


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Bufanolides , Edema/drug therapy , Inflammation , Lipidomics , Molecular Docking Simulation , Water
17.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 961-967, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910259

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of logistic regression model based on the features of cone-beam breast CT (CBBCT) for the identification of benign and malignant masses in dense breast.Methods:The data of 106 patients (130 masses) with dense breast who underwent contrast-enhanced CBBCT examination and obtained pathological results from May 2011 to August 2020 were retrospectively analyzed as the training set. From August 2020, the data of 49 patients (54 masses) who met the same criteria were prospectively and consecutively collected and used as the validation set. Taking pathological results as the gold standard, the training set was divided into benign and malignant groups. The t-test, χ 2 test and Fisher′s exact test were used to compare the differences in CBBCT image characteristics between the two groups in the training set. A binary logistic regression model was established by multivariate analysis. ROC curves were used to assess the diagnostic efficacy of the model as a whole in the training and validation sets and the diagnostic efficacy of each feature in the model, and the cut-off value of the intensity (ΔCT) value was determined. The H-L method was used to test the goodness of fit of the model. Decision curve analysis (DCA) was drawn to validate the clinical power of the model. Results:Univariate analysis showed that the breast parenchymal background enhancement (BPE), shape, margin, lobulation, spiculation, density, calcifications, ΔCT value, enhancement pattern, non-mass enhancement, ipsilateral increased vascularity (IIV), and peripheral vascular signs had statistical difference between benign group and malignant group ( P<0.05). BPE, margin, ΔCT value and IIV were included in the multivariate analysis, the equation was logit( P′)=-8.510+0.830×BPE+0.822×margin+1.919× ΔCT+1.896 × IIV. The are a under curve of the model in the training set was 0.879 ( P<0.001) and in the validation set was 0.851 ( P=0.001). The are a under curve of BPE, margin, ΔCT value, and IIV in the diagnosis of malignant mass were 0.645, 0.711, 0.712, 0.775 (all P<0.05); the best cut-off value of ΔCT was 50.38 HU. The fit of this model was good ( P = 0.776). The DCA curve showed that when the risk threshold was 0.05-0.97, the net benefit rate was>0, and this model had some clinical value. Conclusion:The logistic regression model based on the features of CBBCT is helpful to distinguish benign and malignant masses in dense breasts.

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Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1326-1333, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908077

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the attitudes of obstetricians and midwives towards the development of nurse practitioner in China.Methods:The phenomenological method in qualitative research was used to conduct semi-structured interviews with 24 medical staff in the third-A general hospitals and women and children's hospitals in Guangzhou and Dongguan City. The interview data were analyzed by Colaizzi's 7-step analysis method.Results:Four themes were extracted, namely, unanimous approval attitude, imperfect midwifery discipline and management system, insufficient independent practice capacity, low support and recognition in midwifery area.Conclusions:Obstetricians and midwives hold a positive attitude towards the development of midwifery nurse practitioner. At the same time,its development is restricted in many aspects. They can gradually develop midwife′s legislation, improve the management system, try some prescription rights, and increase the education and talents of midwifery subjects. Cultivation and promotion of social recognition will help gradually train midwifery nurse practitioner in China.

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Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 582-587, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847161

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Whether remnant preservation can improve tendon-bone healing remains a controversy. Experiments were designed to evaluate whether remnant preservation has the biological advantage of promoting tendon-bone healing by histology and imaging. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of preservation of ligament stump on tendon-bone healing in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. METHODS: Forty New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into two groups: anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction group without remnant preservation (group A) and anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction group with remnant preservation (group B), with 20 rabbits in each group. Achilles tendon was selected as the graft, and the bilateral anterior cruciate ligaments of all the rabbits were cut off. In group A, the anterior cruciate ligament stump was completely removed. In group B, the tibia stump was cut off from the femoral stop, and the tibia stump was retained. According to the position of the anterior cruciate ligament of the normal rabbits, the tibia and the femoral canal were selected for reconstruction. At 6 and 12 weeks after surgery, the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor and hypoxia inducible factor-1α was detected by immunohistochemistry. Graft microvessel density was detected by CD34 immunohistochemical staining. The signal intensity of tendon and the width of bone tunnel were observed by MRI and CT. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) The percentage of hypoxia inducible factor-1α and vascular endothelial growth factor positive cells in group B was significantly higher than that in group A at 6 weeks after operation (P 0.05). (2) At 6 weeks after operation, the expansion of bone tunnel in group B was significantly lower than that in group A, and the signal intensity of tendon graft was lower in group B than that in group A (P 0.05). (3) In this experiment, in the early stage of ligament reconstruction, the anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with remnant preservation is superior to the anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction without remnant preservation in terms of graft revascularization and reduction of bone tunnel expansion, showing some biological advantages.

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Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 535-546, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894703

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the feasibility of texture analysis on non-contrast-enhanced T1 maps of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging for the diagnosis of myocardial injury in acute myocardial infarction (MI). @*Materials and Methods@#This study included 68 patients (57 males and 11 females; mean age, 55.7 ± 10.5 years) with acute ST-segment-elevation MI who had undergone 3T CMR after a percutaneous coronary intervention. Forty patients of them also underwent a 6-month follow-up CMR. The CMR protocol included T2-weighted imaging, T1 mapping, rest first-pass perfusion, and late gadolinium enhancement. Radiomics features were extracted from the T1 maps using open-source software. Radiomics signatures were constructed with the selected strongest features to evaluate the myocardial injury severity and predict the recovery of left ventricular (LV) longitudinal systolic myocardial contractility. @*Results@#A total of 1088 segments of the acute CMR images were analyzed; 103 (9.5%) segments showed microvascular obstruction (MVO), and 557 (51.2%) segments showed MI. A total of 640 segments were included in the 6-month follow-up analysis, of which 160 (25.0%) segments showed favorable recovery of LV longitudinal systolic myocardial contractility.Combined radiomics signature and T1 values resulted in a higher diagnostic performance for MVO compared to T1 values alone (area under the curve [AUC] in the training set; 0.88, 0.72, p = 0.031: AUC in the test set; 0.86, 0.71, p = 0.002).Combined radiomics signature and T1 values also provided a higher predictive value for LV longitudinal systolic myocardial contractility recovery compared to T1 values (AUC in the training set; 0.76, 0.55, p < 0.001: AUC in the test set; 0.77, 0.60, p < 0.001). @*Conclusion@#The combination of radiomics of non-contrast-enhanced T1 mapping and T1 values could provide higher diagnostic accuracy for MVO. Radiomics also provides incremental value in the prediction of LV longitudinal systolic myocardial contractility at six months.

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