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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884276

ABSTRACT

Objective:To characterize the biological activity of fibroblasts on the surface of titanium alloy sheets with different ridge widths by investigating the effects of ridge widths on the adhesion, proliferation and differentiation of fibroblasts.Methods:Five groups of titanium sheets with ridge widths of 50 μm, 80 μm, 100 μm, 150 μm and 200 μm were prepared, with all the groove depths being 10 μm. The titanium sheets with no ridges were taken as a control group. After fibroblasts were incubated on the sheets, states of their adhesion were observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) at different time points. CCK-8 cell proliferation test and immunofluorescence staining were used to observe proliferation and shape of the cells. The effects of ridge widths on adhesion of fibroblasts were evaluated by Vinculin immunofluorescence staining, and the effects of ridge widths on expression of α-smooth muscle actin ( α-SMA) by immunofluorescence. Results:SEM showed that the cells adhered to the ridges on the titanium sheets 48 hours after inoculation. In the groups with smaller ridge widths (from 50 μm to 150 μm), the cells were slender in shape and grew along the ridge direction. CCK-8 indicated that different ridge widths had no significant effect on the proliferation of fibroblasts between the 6 groups ( P>0.05). Immunofluorescence staining showed that the cells arranged in an orderly direction along the ridges; the long axis of the cells in the 50 μm group showed the best consistency with the extending direction of the ridge, with significant differences among the 6 groups ( P<0.05). The Vinculin test found that the secretion of cell adhesion protein was concentrated in the ridge and semi-quantitative analysis showed that the 50 μm group had the most Vinculin secretion, with significant differences among the 6 groups ( P<0.05). The α-SMA test showed that the ridge width had a regulatory effect on the myogenic differentiation of fibroblasts, and the 50 μm group had the strongest expression of α-SMA, with significant differences among the 6 groups ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Modification of ridges on the surface of titanium sheets may affect arrangement, adhesion and myogenic differentiation of fibroblasts. The ridges of 50 μm in width may lead to stronger polarized arrangement of fibroblasts, more secretion of adhesion-related protein and more pronounced myogenic differentiation of fibroblasts.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 898-907, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878139

ABSTRACT

Pneumoconiosis refers to a spectrum of pulmonary diseases caused by inhalation of mineral dust, usually as the result of certain occupations. The main pathological features include chronic pulmonary inflammation and progressive pulmonary fibrosis, which can eventually lead to death caused by respiratory and/or heart failure. Pneumoconiosis is widespread globally, seriously threatening global public health. Its high incidence and mortality lie in improper occupational protection, and in the lack of early diagnostic methods and effective treatments. This article reviews the epidemiology, safeguard procedures, diagnosis, and treatment of pneumoconiosis, and summarizes recent research advances and future research prospects.


Subject(s)
Dust , Humans , Occupational Diseases , Occupational Exposure , Pneumoconiosis/epidemiology , Pulmonary Fibrosis
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880176

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the changes in function of CD8@*METHODS@#Flow cytometry was used to detect the expressions of PD-1, TIM-3, and LAG-3, which were the markers of exhausted CD8@*RESULTS@#The expressions of inhibitory receptors (PD-1, TIM3 and LAG-3) on CD8@*CONCLUSION@#The exhausted CD8


Subject(s)
CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Hepatitis A Virus Cellular Receptor 2 , Humans , Interferon-gamma , Lymphocyte Count , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1376-1380, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827109

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis(HLH) mouse model, and to investigate the effect of ruxolitinib on the disease manifestation of model mice.@*METHODS@#Wild type C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into 4 groups: two groups of mice were intraperitoneally injected with CpG oligodeoxynucleotide 1826 (CpG-ODN1826) every other day to induce HLH, and other two groups were control groups. One group of the CpG-ODN1826 groups and one of the control groups were given ruxolitinib, and other two groups were given the same amount of PBS. Blood samples, serum ferritin and hepatic/spleen weights of experimental mice were detected and serum cytokine levels were measured by ELISA.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control groups, the levels of white blood cells, hemoglobin and platelets in the CpG-ODN1826 groups were significantly lower (P<0.05); and liver/body weight, spleen/body weight, serum ferritin, sCD25, IL-10, IL-1β, IFN-Ƴ, IL-12p70, GM-CSF, TNF-α and IL-18 levels significantly increased (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the levels of IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-22, IL-13, IL-27 and IL-23 between the two groups (P>0.05). The spleen in CpG group had disordered internal structure, expanding red pulp and hyperplastic nucleated cells. The liver had severe perivascular inflammations. The spleen/weight of the ruxolitinib-treated mice in the CpG-ODN1826 group was significantly smaller than that of the unapplied ruxolitinib (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The CpG-ODN1826 can induce secondary HLH symptoms in wild type C57BL/6 mice. Ruxolitinib can alleviate the symptoms of splenomegaly in HLH model mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Pyrazoles
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871669

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the perioperative effect of coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG) or CABG+ mitral valve repair(MVP) in patients with coronary heart disease(CAD) and moderate ischemic mitral regurgitation(IMR).Methods:The clinical data and perioperative complications of 210 patients with CAD and moderate IMR, who underwent CABG from January 2018 to December 2019, were included into this study, with 155 males and mean age of(62.3±8.5) years old. According to the operation mode, patients were divided into CABG group(138 cases) and CABG+ MVP group(72 cases).Results:There were no significant differences in age, gender, comorbidities(diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, peripheral vascular disease, cerebrovascular events, previous history of myocardial infarction and PCI), LVEF and of coronary artery lesions between the two groups(all P>0.05). Sequential anastomosis was the main method, and most patients underwent internal mammary artery graft in both groups, there was no significant difference between the two groups( P>0.05). CABG group was higher than CABG+ MVP group in all-cause death, heart failure, cerebrovascular events, secondary thoracotomy, CRRT and IABP support events, but there were no significant differences between the two groups( P>0.05). Echocardiographic reexamination showed that the indexes of cardiac function in CABG+ MVP group were higher than those in CABG group, but there was no significant difference between the two groups( P>0.05). The mean area of mitral regurgitation in CABG + MVP group was 1.3 cm 2, significantly lower than that in CABG group(2.5 cm 2), P<0.05. Conclusion:CABG+ MVP has low perioperative risk in patients with CAD and moderate IMR, and the area of mitral regurgitation is lower.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871649

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the clinical characteristics and grafts status by coronary angiography(CAG) in symptomatic patients with prior coronary artery bypass graft(CABG).Methods:A retrospective descriptive study of symptomatic patients with prior CABG who underwent CAG was performed, 1 136 patients were included and analyzed. The mean age was(62.5±8.7) years, 76.4% were male. There was a high prevalence of risk factors like hypertension(75.0%), dyslipidemia(48.2%), diabetes(46.1%) and smoking history(62.8%).Results:The mean duration after CABG was (4.65±3.39) years. 94.5% of patients had chest pain. 12.9% of patients had all diseased grafts and 28.7% had all patent grafts. The proportion of diseased SVG was higher than that of diseased arterial grafts. The proportion of diseased grafts anastomosed to RCA territory was higher than that of grafts anastomosed to LCX territory or LAD territory. 52.5% of patients received percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI) revascularization, and 88.3% of PCI was performed in native vessels.Conclusion:The most common symptom recurring to patients with prior CABG was chest pain. Graft status in symptomatic patients with prior CABG was worse than we expected. Patients received repeated revascularization mostly by PCI and PCI was mainly performed in native vessels.

7.
Acupuncture Research ; (6): 895-901, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844092

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of perpendicular and subcutaneous transverse needling at "Sanyinjiao" (SP6) on visceral pain behavior, arginine vasopressin (AVP) content in the serum, uterine tissues, spinal cord and hypothalamus and expression of AVP receptors AVPR1A and AVPR1B in the uterine tissues, spinal cord and hypothalamus in cold-stasis (stasis due to pathogenic cold) type dysmenorrhea rats, so as to explore their mechanisms underlying pain relief. METHODS: Forty female SD rats were randomly divided into blank control, model, perpendicular needling and transverse needling groups, with 10 rats in each group. The cold-stasis dysmenorrhea rat model was established by exposure in a freezer (-25 ℃) for 4 h, once daily for 5 days, and subcutaneous injection of estradiol benzoate (once daily for 10 days) and intra-abdominal injection of oxytocin injection (once). For rats of the two acupuncture groups, acupuncture needles were inserted into the bilateral SP6 perpendicularly or transversely to a depth of about 4-5 mm, and retained for 20 min. The abdominal pain behavior was assessed by recording the writhing latency and scaling the rats' writhing reactions after modeling. The contents of AVP in the serum, uterus, spinal cord and hypothalamus tissues were assayed using ELISA and the expression of AVPR1A and AVPR1B in the uterus, spinal cord and hypothalamus was measured by using Western blot and quantitative real time-PCR, respectively. RESULTS: After mode-ling and compared with the blank control group, the writhing latency was significantly shortened (P0.05). CONCLUSION: Both perpendicular and subcutaneous transverse needling at SP6 have an immediate analgesic effect in cold-stasis type dysmenorrhea rats, which may be related to their effects in regulating AVP levels and its receptor expression in the uterine and hypothalamus.

8.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833720

ABSTRACT

Background@#Porcine parvovirus (PPV) is a single-stranded DNA virus that causes porcine reproductive failure. It is of critical importance to study PPV pathogenesis for the prevention and control of the disease. NS1, a PPV non-structural protein, is participated in viral DNA replication, transcriptional regulation, and cytotoxicity. Our previous research showed that PPV can activate nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway and then up-regulate the expression of interleukin (IL)-6. @*Objectives@#Herein, the purpose of this study is to determine whether the non-structural protein NS1 of PPV also has the same function. @*Methods@#Real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, western blot, immunofluorescence assay and small interfering RNA (siRNA) were used. @*Results@#Our findings demonstrated that PPV NS1 protein can up-regulate the expression levels of IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, PPV NS1 protein was found to induce the phosphorylation of IκBα, then leading to the phosphorylation and nuclear translocation of NF-κB. In addition, the NS1 protein activated the upstream pathways of NF-κB. Meanwhile, TLR2-siRNA assay showed TLR2 plays an important role in the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway induced by PPV-NS1. @*Conclusions@#These findings indicated that PPV NS1 protein induced the up-regulated of IL-6 expression through activating the TLR2 and NF-κB signaling pathways. In conclusion, these findings provide a new avenue to study the innate immune mechanism of PPV infection.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773389

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Previous studies have indicated that the plasticizer di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) affects lipid accumulation; however, its underlying mechanism remains unclear. We aim to clarify the effect of DEHP on lipid metabolism and the role of TYK2/STAT1 and autophagy.@*METHODS@#In total, 160 Wistar rats were exposed to DEHP [0, 5, 50, 500 mg/(kg•d)] for 8 weeks. Lipid levels, as well as mRNA and protein levels of TYK2, STAT1, PPARγ, AOX, FAS, LPL, and LC3 were detected.@*RESULTS@#The results indicate that DEHP exposure may lead to increased weight gain and altered serum lipids. We observed that DEHP exposure affected liver parenchyma and increased the volume or number of fat cells. In adipose tissue, decreased TYK2 and STAT1 promoted the expression of PPARγ and FAS. The mRNA and protein expression of LC3 in 50 and 500 mg/(kg•d) groups was increased significantly. In the liver, TYK2 and STAT1 increased compensatorily; however, the expression of FAS and AOX increased, while LPL expression decreased. Joint exposure to both a high-fat diet and DEHP led to complete disorder of lipid metabolism.@*CONCLUSION@#It is suggested that DEHP induces lipid metabolism disorder by regulating TYK2/STAT1. Autophagy may play a potential role in this process as well. High-fat diet, in combination with DEHP exposure, may jointly have an effect on lipid metabolism disorder.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Metabolism , Animals , Autophagy , Body Weight , Diet, High-Fat , Diethylhexyl Phthalate , Toxicity , Endocrine Disruptors , Toxicity , Female , Lipid Metabolism , Lipid Metabolism Disorders , Liver , Metabolism , Male , Rats, Wistar , STAT1 Transcription Factor , Metabolism , TYK2 Kinase , Metabolism
10.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1335-1338, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781785

ABSTRACT

The filiform needling technique is an important factor affecting the acupoint effect, and it is the key to option the needling technique corresponding to the disease so that the clinical curative effect can be improved. This paper systematically reviews the application of kinetic needling in the treatment of spasm, in order to provide some theoretical basis for the optimal acupuncture regimen of spasm. By summarizing and analyzing the similarities and differences of acupoint selection principle, needling characteristics, stimulation range, stimulation amount and indications in the treatment of spasm, it is found that kinetic needling emphasizes the effective combination of acupuncture and kinesis, which is an effective mean of treating spasm.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Humans , Spasm , Vascular Surgical Procedures
11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 384-387, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810635

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the clinical features of patients with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) during perinatal stage.@*Methods@#From January 2011 to October 2016, the obstetric materials, clinical features, associated disease/factors and therapeutic outcomes were studied in 11 patients with HLH in perinatal period.@*Results@#In these 11 patients, 9 were primipara. As for the onset time of HLH, 5 were before delivery and 6 were after delivery. Six were complicated with other associated disease/factors, and infection was the commonest (5/6) . Treatment included glucocorticoid + fludarabine in 1 case, HLH-94/04 protocols in 9 cases, and monotherapy corticosteroids in 1 case. Two patients died eventually.@*Conclusions@#Perinatal HLH is commonly observed in the pregnancy/postpartum related HLH (28th week of pregnancy to one week after delivery) . Infection is still the commonest associated factors. HLH-94/04 protocols after the cessation of pregnancy may be effective, but the cessation of pregnancy itself may not be enough for the perinatal stage related-HLH. The perinatal stage related-HLH still has a better outcome than the other subtype of secondary-HLH.

12.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 338-343, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810587

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the effect of prophylactic nimodipine in vasospasm prevention and outcome improvement in children with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH).@*Methods@#A prospective, randomized controlled clinical trial which enrolled children with SAH who were admitted to pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of Beijing Children′s Hospital from January 2015 to October 2018 was conducted. A total of 43 patients were randomly divided into nimodipine group (24 patients) and control group (19 patients) according to random number table. Transcranial Doppler (TCD) was used to dynamically monitor blood flow velocity and spectrum monography of bilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) for vasospasm evaluation. Pediatric cerebral performance category (PCPC) scale was used to evaluate patients′ brain function on 28th day after discharge. Data were analyzed by t test, Mann-Whitney U test, χ2 test.@*Results@#Except heart rate ((157±26) vs. (137±34) beats/min, t=2.079, P=0.045), no significant differences existed between the two groups in basic demographic characteristics, primary diseases, and clinical manifestations (all P>0.05). The peak velocities of bilateral MCA on the 5th day after admission were significantly lower in nimodipine group (left MCA (136±34) vs. (158±23) cm/s, t=-2.890, P=0.006; right MCA (129±34) vs. (176±27) cm/s, t=-3.717, P=0.001). Likewise, a lower peak velocity of left MCA was observed on the 7th day after admission in nimodipine group ((127±45) vs. (152±13) cm/s, t=-2.903, P=0.007), but no significant difference existed in that of right MCA ((131±48) vs. (150±22) cm/s, t=-1.760, P=0.090). Eleven patients suffered from vasospasm, 25% (6/24) in nimodipine group and 26% (5/19) in control group (χ2=0.010, P=1.000), within whom 8 patients had complete remission after continuing nimodipine treatment, one died in hospital and the other two′s vasospasm still existed at the time of discharge. No significant differences were found between the two groups in mean length of hospitalization, proportion of mechanical ventilation, Glasgow coma scale at discharge, survival rate at discharge or survival rate on 28th day after discharge (all P>0.05). However, nimodipine group had a higher proportion of favorable PCPC brain function (92% (22/24) vs. 63% (12/19), χ2=5.208, P=0.030). No side effects such as hypotension, rash or injection site erythema were observed.@*Conclusion@#Prophylactic nimodipine cannot reduce vasospasm incidence in children with SAH but may improve short-term brain function, without any significant safety issues.

13.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 327-330, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744869

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the change of shear wave velocity (SWV) of renal parenchyma and serum level of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) in the patients with chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN),and further evaluate the correlation between them.Methods A total of 60 patients with chronic allograft nephropathy confirmed by renal biopsy were selected and divided into three groups according to the degree of interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy of the transplanted kidney:group C1 (renal cortex involvement < 25%,n =20),group C2 (renal cortex involvement accounted for 26%-50%,n =20),group C3(renal cortex involvement >50%,n =20).30 renal transplant recipients with normal renal function were enrolled for control group.The SWV of the renal were measured by virtual touch tissue quantification (VTQ) and the serum level of TGF-β1 were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in each group.Results Compared with control group,the SWV and serum TGF-β1 in case groups were significantly higher (P < 0.05).SWV measured values:group C3 was the highest,group C2 was middle one and group C1 was the lowest (P <0.05).Statistically significant difference in serum TGF-β1 was observed among these three groups (P <0.05).The renal SWV and serum TGF-β1 had a significant positive correlation (r=0.631,P<0.05).Conclusions Both renal SWV and serum TGF-β1 increase as CAN progressed,which have high value in the diagnosis and treatment of CAN.

14.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 324-326,330, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744868

ABSTRACT

Objective This study aimed to discuss the performance and impact factors of shear wave elastography (SWE) for differential diagnosis of thyroid nodules (TN).Methods 84 TNs were included in the study.The SWE indices of Emax,Emin and Emean for the region-of-interest were calculated and analyzed.All TNs were divided into subgroups (< 10.0 mm group and > 10.0 mm group) according to the size and whether it has calcification (calcification group and non-calcification group).We compared the elasticity indices between subgroups and analyzed the diagnostic performance of SWE with different impact factors.Results There were 40 benign TNs and 44 malignant TNs.The Emean and Emax of malignant TNs were significant higher than those of benign TNs (P =0.000).Both the Emean and Emax of were significant higher in TNs with presence of calcification (P =0.036,P =0.031).The receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve showed that the diagnostic sensitivity was 94.7% in the > 10.0 mm group with Emean > 19.6 kPa as the cut-off value,and 92.9% in non-calcification group with Emean >21.1 kPa as the cut-off value.Conclusions The elastic modulus of malignant TNs was significant higher than benign TNs.The presence of calcification may increase the stiffness of TNs.The diagnostic performance of SWE was better in TNs with those sizes > 10 mm and TNs with absence of calcification.

15.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 1055-1058, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818139

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of this study was to search for a better individualized clinical radiotherapy scheme for breast cancer patients after modified radical mastectomy by comparing the dosimetric data on the radiotherapeutic techniques of three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3D-CRT) and volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT). Methods This retrospective study included 77 cases of breast cancer treated by modified radical mastectomy followed by radiotherapy in Hebei General Hospital from November 2015 to February 2019. According to the radiotherapeutic techniques used, we divided the patients into a 3D-CRT (n = 54) and a VMAT group (n = 23), Using the dose-volume histogram, we evaluated the dose parameters of the clinical target volume (CTV) and the organs at risk (OAR). Results Compared with the patients in the 3D-CRT group, those in the VMAT group showed significantly decreased V110% ([12.14 ± 14.03]% vs [7.18 ± 6.36]%, P < 0.05), increased conformity index (0.62 ± 0.11 vs 0.66 ± 0.09, P < 0.05), reduced ipsilateral lung dose ([1308.42 ± 276.49] vs [1114.34 ± 233.71] cGy, P < 0.05), V5 (P < 0.05) and V10 (P < 0.05), and elevated contralateral breast dose (P < 0.05) and V5 in those with left breast cancer ([63.49 ± 17.49]% vs [76.97 ± 11.81]%, P = 0.028). Conclusion VMAT can effectively reduce the average dose and the dose in the low-dose area of the ipsilateral lung of the breast cancer patient after modified radical mastectomy. VMAT and 3D-CRT each have its own advantages for specific patients.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707658

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical value of the real-time shear wave elastography(RT-SWE) in the assessment of salivary gland lesions by measuring the hardness of parotid gland and submaxillary gland in patients with Sj?gren′s syndrome (SS). Methods Forty patients with SS were chosen as SS group,and 35 age and gender matched healthy volunteers were chosen as control group.The patients were divided into mild SS group ( n =18) and severe SS group ( n =22) according to the decrease of uptake and secretion of salivary gland in Salivary gland scintigraphy.The Supersonic AixPlorer real-time quantitative diagnostic shear wave elastography was used to detect the parotid gland and submaxillary gland in 35 healthy volunteers and 40 patients.The RT-SWE elasticity indices of mean(Emean) was obtained and draw the SWE technology in the diagnosis of mild and severe SS patients with parotid and submandibular glands of the ROC curves. Results ① There was no significant difference in the Emean of left and right glands among the three groups (all P > 0.05). The Emean of parotid gland and submaxillary gland in patients with SS was higher than that in control group,especially in the severe SS group(all P <0.05). ②The cutoff value,sensitivity,specificity and the area under ROC for Emean with SWE diagnosing the parotid gland lesions of mild SS were 7.75 kPa,94.4%,97.1% and 0.998,and those in severe SS were 10.65 kPa, 90.9%,97.1% and 0.999,respectively.The cutoff value,sensitivity,specificity and the area under ROC for Emean with SWE diagnosing the the submaxillary glands lesions of mild SS were 8.15 kPa,100%,91.4%and 0.998,and those in severe SS were 10.40 kPa,95.5%,88.6% and 0.994,respectively.Conclusions RT-SWE can be successfully applied to assess parotid gland and submaxillary gland′s hardness in patients with SS,and provide a new method for the clinical evaluation of salivary gland diffuse lesions.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707465

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically evaluate the biomechanical recovery of drilled holes in the femur in SD rats.Methods Eighteen female SD rats were randomized into 3 even groups (n =6).Models of 2-mm drilled holes in bilateral femurs were established in groups A and B with 2 holes on each side while no drilling was performed in group C.Samples were harvested in group A at postoperative 4 weeks,in group B at postoperative 8 weeks while at both 4 and 8 weeks in group C.The samples were evaluated in terms of linear elasticity (compression test),viscoelasticity (relaxation and creep tests) and durability (fatigue failure test).Micro-CT scan was performed to measure the bone volume fraction (BV/TV) and bone mineral density (BMD) of new bone.Sirus red staining was performed to measure regeneration of type Ⅰ collagen of new bone.Results The elasticity modulus,maximum load,compression strength and conditional yield limit in groups A were significantly lower than those in group B which were also significantly lower than those in group C (P < 0.05).At 7,200 s,the relaxation (14.56 ±0.69 MPa) and creep variation (11.37% ± 0.70%) in group A were significantly higher than those in group B (11.06 0.63 MPa and 8.98% ± 0.40%) which were also significantly higher than those in group C (6.99 ±0.56 MPa and 5.10% ±0.23%) (P < 0.05).At the constant amplitude loads from 20 N to 200 N,from 20 N to 300 N and from 20 N to 400 N,the recycling numbers in group A (6,044.3 ±879.7,4,093.3 ±628.5 and 1,919.3 ±847.5) were significantly lower than those in group B (10,192.3 ± 1,109.1,6,750.6 ± 818.0 and 3,376.6 ± 671.3) which were also significantly lower than those in group C (28,068.3 ±2,702.6,11,788.3 ± 1,141.6 and 5,296.3 ± 735.0) (P < 0.05).By micro-CT scan,the BVT and BMD in group A were significantly lower than those in group B which were also significantly lower than those in group C (P < 0.05).The sirus red staining showed the type Ⅰ collagen in the bone defect area was completely regenerated in group B.Conclusion Systematic biomechanical measurements may actually detect the characteristics of biomechanical recovery of bone holes in SD rats,enriching the basic research on the bone damage repairing progress.

18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 776-783, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687039

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a life-threatening clinical syndrome. Central nervous system (CNS) involvement is a severe complication, which can lead to rapid disease development and higher morality. However, this has not been given enough attention in adult HLH. Therefore, we carried out this study to analyze the clinical features, laboratory findings, treatment outcomes, and other characteristics of adult HLH with CNS involvement.</p><p><b>Methods</b>A retrospective analysis of 96 adult patients with HLH combined with CNS involvement between June 2003 and December 2016 was conducted. Clinical features, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) features, image changes, and therapeutic outcomes were analyzed.</p><p><b>Results</b>Among the 96 patients, 86 had various CNS symptoms and 33 (38.4%) had already presented symptoms before the HLH diagnosis was confirmed. A total of 59 patients received CSF examinations and showed abnormalities in 23 patients (39.0%). Seventy patients received imaging examinations and the results showed fifty patients with imaging changes (71.4%). Fifty-seven patients received multiple rounds of repeated intrathecal injection therapy and 35 patients improved (61.4%). As for the multiple analyses of effective factors on survival time, the results showed that the effects of combined Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection (P = 0.026, Exp(B) = 2.309, 95% confidence interval [CI] [1.108, 4.823) and intrathecal injection therapy (P = 0.013, Exp(B) = 0.422, 95% CI [0.214, 0.831]) on the survival time of the CNS-HLH patients were significant.</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>Complication with EBV infection is a risk factor, and intrathecal injection is a protective factor. CNS involvement in HLH is not rare, which can result in a poor prognosis. Multiple rounds of repeated intrathecal injection therapy can improve the prognosis of CNS-HLH patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Central Nervous System , Pathology , Virology , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Pathology , Virology , Female , Humans , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic , Pathology , Virology , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711779

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the risk factors of major bleeding in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery by-pass grafting( OPCAB) .Methods Data on coronary artery disease patients who underwent off-pump CABG between December 2009 and December 2014 were reviewed.Baseline characteristics were compared between patients with clopidogrel discontinua-tion ≥5 days and <5 days.Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to investigate the risk fac-tors of perioperative major bleeding.Major bleeding was defined as the Universal Definition of Perioperative Bleeding(UDPB) class 3 -4.Results A total of 3988 patients who underwent OPCAB were included in this study.Major bleeding rate was 9.23%(n=368).Multivariable regression analysis showed that female sex(OR=1.99, 95%CI:1.57-2.52), age(OR=1. 02, 95%CI:1.00-1.03), lower BMI(BMI≤25 kg/m2)(OR=1.40,95%CI:1.12-1.75), decreased GRF(GFR<60 ml/min)(OR=1.43,95%CI:1.01-2.02), decreased preoperative Hct(Hct <0.40)(OR =1.57, 95%CI: 1.23-1.99) and clopidogrel discontinuation <5 days(OR=1.97, 95%CI:1.58-2.44) conferred a higher risk of perioperative major bleeding during OPCABG.Conclusion Female, advanced age, lower BMI, decreased GRF, decreased preoperative Hct and clopi-dogrel discontinuation<5 days are independent risk factors of perioperatice major bleeding in patients undergoing OPCAB .Pre-dicting risk of major bleeding can help sugeons to optimize perioperative management .

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698756

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Intra-articular injection of cells targeting to change the microenvironment in lesions can act on early osteoarthritis of inflammatory chondrocytes. Implanted cells affect the progress of the disease by the cell characteristics. OBJECTIVE: To explore the synergistic effect of mesenchymal stem cells from human knee adipose (ADMSCs) and synovial tissues (SDMSCs) to inhibit the degeneration of inflammatory chondrocytes. METHODS: ADMSCs, SDMSCs and inflammatory chondrocytes were primary cultured. Under in vitro two-dimensional culture conditions, cell proliferation assay (MTS) was performed to detect the proliferation of three kinds of cells. Differences in chondrogenic markers at mRNA and protein levels between three kinds of adherent cells were detected by quantitative PCR and immunofluorescence. Under in vitro three-dimensional mixed culture conditions, three groups were set up: (1) ADMSCs+inflammatory chondrocytes (A+C group), (2) SDMSCs+inflammatory chondrocytes (S+C group), and (3) ADMSCs-SDMSCs+inflammatory chondrocytes (A+S+C group). Alcian blue staining, safranin O staining and type Ⅱ collagen immunohistochemistry staining were performed on the mixed-cultured cell mass paraffin sections followed by quantitative analysis. Chondrogenic differentiation in each group was detected by quantitative PCR. Culture supernatants were collected to detect the secretion of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory factors by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Under the two-dimensional culture, the proliferative rate of ADMSCs was significantly higher than that of inflammatory chondrocytes and SDMSCs (P < 0.05). The expression of type Ⅱ collagen mRNA and protein and proteoglycan protein in inflammatory chondrocytes was significantly higher than that in the other two kinds of cells (P < 0.01). Under the three-dimensional culture, the percentage of chondrogenic area per total area was significantly higher in the A+S+C group than the S+C and A+C groups (P < 0.05). The expression of type Ⅱ collagen and proteoglycan was significantly higher in the A+S+C group than the S+C and A+C groups (P < 0.05). Compared with the other two groups, the S+C group showed higher levels of interleukin 1, interleukin 6, and tumor necrosis factor α, but lower level of interleukin 10 (P < 0.05). To conclude, the combined use of ADMSCs and SDMSCs synergistically inhibits the degeneration of inflammatory chondrocytes.

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