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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 209-217, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005271

ABSTRACT

Wilson's disease (WD) is a copper metabolism disorder caused by mutations in the ATP7B gene, with diverse phenotypes and complex pathogenesis. It is one of the few rare diseases that can achieve good clinical efficacy through standardized treatment. Since there are few systematic reviews of this disease, we summarize the pathogenesis and treatment methods of WD from traditional Chinese and western medicine by reviewing the literature related to WD. In western medicine, ATP7B gene mutation is considered as the root cause of WD, which affects copper transport and causes copper metabolism disorders. The excessive copper deposited in the body will result in oxidative stress, defects in mitochondrial function, and cell death. Western medicine treatment of WD relies mainly on drugs, and copper antagonists are the first choice in clinical practice, which are often combined with hepatoprotective and antioxidant therapy. Surgery is a common therapy for the patients with end-stage WD, and gene therapy provides an option for WD patients. According to the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory, WD is rooted in constitutional deficiency and copper accumulation and triggered by dampness-heat accumulation or phlegm combined with stasis. The patient syndrome varies in different stages of the disease, and thus the treatment should be based on syndrome differentiation. The TCM treatment method of nourishing the liver and kidneys and warming the spleen and kidneys can address the root cause. The methods of clearing heat and drying dampness, resolving phlegm and dispelling stasis, and soothing liver and regulating qi movement can be adopted to treat symptoms. On the basis of syndrome differentiation, special prescriptions for the treatment of WD have been formulated, such as Gandou decoction, Gandouling, and Gandou Fumu decoction, which have been widely used in clinical practice. TCM and western medicine have their own advantages and shortcomings. The integrated Chinese and western medicine complementing with each other demonstrates great therapeutic potential. This paper summarizes the pathogenesis and treatment of WD with integrated Chinese and western medicine, aiming to provide a reference for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of this disease.

2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 213-218, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992699

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application of artificial intelligence based on the neural network radiation field in repair of soft tissue defects at lower limbs.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed of the 23 patients who had been admitted to Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from June 2020 to May 2022 for soft tissue defects at lower limbs. There were 14 males and 9 females, aged (38.6±6.7) years. Causes for soft tissue defects: traffic injury in 9 cases, benign or malignant primary soft tissue tumor in 6 cases, mechanical injury in 4 cases, crush injury in 2 cases, and chronic ulcer in 2 cases. Defect locations: the thigh in 3 cases, the lower leg in 7 cases, and the ankle and distal foot in 13 cases. The areas of soft tissue defect ranged from 6.0 cm×3.8 cm to 14.7 cm×12.8 cm. The defects were repaired and reconstructed by transplantation of an anterolateral femoral free flap in 7 cases and a pedicled flap in 16 cases with the assistance of artificial intelligence based on the neural network radiation field, a cutting-edge artificial intelligence algorithm that can quickly construct and process three-dimensional model images through volume rendering under the radiation field. The flap survival rate, aesthetic satisfaction before and after treatment, time for skin flap harvesting and transplantation, functional recovery of lower limbs and incidence of complications were recorded.Results:All the 23 patients were followed up for 32(28, 36) weeks. All the flaps were harvested smoothly and survived. The time for flap harvesting and transplantation was 65.8(50.0, 76.0) min. The aesthetic satisfaction scored (2.3±0.7) points before treatment and (8.4±1.6) points 4 weeks after treatment, showing a statistically significant difference ( P<0.05). The skin flaps healed well with no complications such as hematoma or infection in all but one patient who suffered from superficial necrosis at the distal skin flap due to venous crisis but healed with a scar. On average, the functional recovery of lower limbs scored 23.7(22.0, 25.0) points at 12 weeks after operation according to the Enneking evaluation system, and the functional recovery of lower limbs was 79% (23.7/30.0). Conclusion:Application of artificial intelligence based on the neural network radiation field can achieve ideal results in repair of soft tissue defects at lower limbs, due to its advantages of rapid and accurate surgical procedures, limited damage to the donor site, and a short learning curve.

3.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1047-1052, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990294

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore an early mobilization plan for oral cancer patients after free flap reconstruction and evaluate the application effect of the plan.Methods:This study was a prospective randomized controlled trial. A total of 173 patients undergoing free flap reconstruction surgery from December 2018 to December 2021 in the second ward of Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology were selected. The patients were randomly divided into the control group (87 cases) and the intervention group (86 cases) by cluster randomized grouping. The control group received the routine nursing plan, that was, head immobilization for 4 days after surgery, and patients performed sat up and off-bed activity on the 5th day. The intervention group received the early mobilization plan, that was, patients sat up on the 2nd day after surgery and performed off-bed activity on the 3rd day. The incidence of vascular compromise, postoperative complications, sleep time in the first 5 days after surgery, catheter removal time, hospitalization duration and expenses were compared between the two groups.Results:The incidence of postoperative pulmonary infection, the daily sleep time in the first 5 days after surgery, the time for removing nasogastric tube, trachea cannula, and urinary catheter were 7.0%(6/86), (5.0 ± 1.0) h/d, (11.8 ± 7.3) d, (6.1 ± 3.2) d, (3.6 ± 0.6) d in the intervention group, and 13.8%(12/87), (4.4 ± 1.3) h/d, (14.2 ± 5.8) d, (7.3 ± 1.7) d, (4.0 ± 0.9) d in the control group, all differences were statistically significant ( χ2 = 3.89, t values were -3.57 - -2.44, all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of rascular compromise, hospitalization duration and expenses between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions:For patients undergoing free tissue flap reconstruction, it is safe to sit up on the 2nd day and get out of bed on the 3rd day, which can reduce the incidence of pulmonary infection, improve patient sleep, and shorten the indwelling time of nasogastric tube, trachea cannula and urinary catheter.

4.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 768-775, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988722

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of liquiritigenin (LG) on intestinal flora in menopausal APP/PS1 mice. MethodsA total of forty 3-month-old female APP/PS1 mice were randomly divided into sham surgery group (n=20) and ovariectomy group (n=20). Seven days after surgery, the ovariectomy group was randomly divided into ovariectomy control group (OVX, n=10), ovariectomy + liquiritigenin treatment group (OVX + LG, n=10), and the sham surgery group was randomly divided into liquiritigenin treatment group (LG, n=10) and reagent control group (Sham, n=10), and ten C57BL/6J mice were taken as WT group. The dose of LG group and OVX + LG group was 30 mg•kg-1•d-1. After 90 days of drug treatment, fecal samples were gathered, genomes were extracted, and intestinal flora were analyzed by 16S rDNA Amplicon Sequencing. Morris water maze was performed to evaluate learning and memory abilities of mice. Immunofluorescence was used to observe the deposition of senile plaques (SP) in the brain of mice. ResultsThe results of water maze showed that LG significantly improved the learning memory ability of APP/PS1 mice with/without OVX (P<0.05), and reduced the number of SPs in the brain of APP/PS1 mice with/without OVX, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.000 1). 16s rDNA sequencing analysis of the relative abundance of gut microbiota proved that LG treatment significantly increased the relative abundance of Firmicutes and Lactobacillus (P<0.05) and reduced the relative abundance of harmful bacteria belong to Bacteroidetes (P<0.05) in APP/PS1 mice intestines with/without menopause. After LG treatment, the relative abundance of Allobaculun elevated in the intestines of APP/PS1 mice, while declined in the intestines of menopausal APP/PS1 mice, but the difference was not statistically significant. LEfSe analysis revealed the bacteria with the most differential abundance of the gut microbiota of WT mice were Firmicutes, Bacillus, and Lactobacillales (P<0.05); Lactobacillus reuteri had a greater influence on the LG group (P<0.05); Bacteroidia, Bacteroidales and Bacteroides gathered in the intestines of mice in the Sham group (P<0.05). Firmicutes and Allobaculum were the dominant in the WT group (P<0.05); Bacteroides, Bacteroidia and Bacteroidales were more abundant in the Sham group(P<0.05); Bacterroidaceae and Bacteroides had the most differential abundances in the OVX group (P<0.05); Lactobacillaceae and Lactobacillus were more abundant in the intestines in the OVX + LG group (P<0.05). ConclusionLG could improve the ratio of beneficial and harmful bacteria in the intestines of APP/PS1 mice before and after menopause. Liquiritigenin treatment showed consistent variations in intestinal flora in APP/PS1 mice with or without ovariectomy. It is presumed that menopausal APP/PS1 mice have lipid metabolism disorders which requires further study.

5.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 814-825, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007855

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of the B7-H4 gene rs10754339 and miR-125a gene rs12976445 on cancer susceptibility through a case-control study and meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#A total of 1,490 cancer patients (lung/gastric/liver/: 550/460/480) and 800 controls were recruited in this case-control study. The meta-analysis was performed by pooling the data from previous related studies and the present study.@*RESULTS@#The results of this study showed that in the Hubei Han Chinese population, the rs10754339 gene was significantly associated with the risk of lung and gastric cancer but not liver cancer, and the rs12976445 gene was significantly associated with the risk of lung cancer but not liver or gastric cancer. The meta-analysis results indicated that rs10754339 and rs12976445 contributed to cancer susceptibility in the Chinese population and also revealed a significant association between rs10754339 and breast cancer risk, as well as between rs12976445 and lung cancer risk.@*CONCLUSION@#The B7-H4 gene rs10754339 and miR-125a gene rs12976445 may be the potential genetic markers for cancer susceptibility in the Chinese population, which should be validated in future studies with larger sample sizes in other ethnic populations.


Subject(s)
Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Risk
6.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 720-723, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004774

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the resource allocation status of blood testing laboratories in 14 blood stations in Gansu Province, explore the impact of differences in basic conditions on the comprehensive testing ability of laboratories, so as to promote the homogenization and standardization of blood screening capacity in blood stations in Gansu and improve blood safety and effectivenes. 【Methods】 An evaluation index system of laboratory resource allocation was constructed and a question-naire was designed. The data of human resources, infrastructure and key equipment of 14 blood stations were collected. The entropy weight -TOPSIS method was used to evaluate and rank the resource allocation of 14 blood stations. 【Results】 In the comprehensive evaluation of blood testing laboratory resource allocation in 14 blood stations in Gansu, the top three were laboratories A, B and I, and the last three were laboratories G, M and J. On the whole, the main issue was unreasonable structure of human resources: most laboratories had unreasonable age structure; except for Laboratory A, there was no personnel with bachelor's degree or above in laboratories; most laboratories had not established a team with intermediate professional titles. In terms of infrastructure, the size of seven laboratories could not meet the needs of modern laboratory testing, and all eight blood stations had no spare nucleic acid laboratories nor a mutual spare laboratory with other blood stations As for the key equipment, 5 laboratories had no automatic blood grouping diagnostic instrument, 5 laboratories only had one set of enzyme immunoassay detection system, 3 laboratories had no spare equipment for the key equipment, which means if the equipment failure could not be repaired in time, the release of results would be affected. 【Conclusion】 There were significant differences in human resources, infrastructure and key equipment of blood testing laboratories in 14 blood stations in Gansu, which had a great impact on laboratory testing capacity and subsequent development. It is suggested that governments at all levels and health administrative departments optimize the input of laboratory resource allocation according to the blood collection volume of blood stations to gradually narrow the differences in resource distribution between different regions, improve the degree of laboratory automation and optimize the personnel structure, so as to build high-quality and efficient blood testing laboratories and ensure the safety of clinical blood use.

7.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1793-1798, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004666

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand different types of depression and anxiety among primary and secondary school students, as well as their influencing factors, so as to provide a basis for the development of future intervention programs for adolescent mental health.@*Methods@#From December 2022 to February 2023, a self administered questionnaire survey was administered among grades 4 to 6 students and junior school, senior school students in Yixing City using Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21), Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), Family Environment Scale (FES), and modified Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0 (mYFAS 2.0), Ottawa Self injury Inventory (OSI). A total of 4 180 students were included in the analysis. Different types of depression and anxiety in students and their influencing factors were analyzed by the Chi squaretest and multivariate Logistic regression.@*Results@#The overall prevalence of depression and anxiety among primary and secondary school students were 16.6% and 22.4%, respectively, with 14.0% of depression and anxiety comorbidities. The Logistic regression results showed that, compared to students with low depression-low anxiety, students of depression and anxiety who had parents in conflicts ( OR =3.06), smoked ( OR =3.16), exhibited moderate food addiction ( OR =3.56), and had non suicidal self injury (NSSI) ( OR =2.26) were more likely to be classified as a depression predominant-depression anxiety type. Students of depression and anxiety who consumed alcohol ( OR =2.00), had serious food addiction ( OR =5.44), moderate to severe insomnia ( OR =3.25), and mild insomnia ( OR =1.88) were more likely to be classified as anxiety predominant-depression anxiety type. Students of depression and anxiety with low mood ( OR =10.87), mild food addiction ( OR =2.00), moderate food addiction ( OR =4.32), and severe food addiction ( OR =7.35), mild ( OR =2.96) or moderate to severe ( OR =16.52) insomnia, and NSSI ( OR =4.24) were more likely to be classified as the severe depression anxiety type( P < 0.05 ).@*Conclusions@#There are significant differences between different depression-anxiety types among primary and secondary school students with respect to food addiction, insomnia, NSSI, smoking, and alcohol use. Relevant departments should engage with schools and families to adopt targeted interventions for students to reduce the occurrence of mental health problems.

8.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 594-598, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013821

ABSTRACT

Aim To construct and identify a new time-specific NLRP3 point mutation transgenic mouse model by Cre-LoxP system. Methods Cre-LoxP system was used to generate NL-RP3

9.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1195-1199, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013796

ABSTRACT

Aim To establish stable and reliable animal models of Blau syndrome (BS) in vivo. Methods C57BL/6J mice were intraperitoneally injected with muramyl dipeptide (MDP) or L18-MDP to induce systemic inflammatory model of BS. Meanwhile, positive drug etanercept (ETN) was set to investigate the response of the model to evaluate effectiveness. SD rats were intravitrealiy injected with MDP to establish BS-associated uveitis model. Serum levels of TNF-a, IL-6 and IL-8 were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Histopathologic al changes of rat eyeballs were detected by HE staining and the expressions of p65, p-ERK, p-p38, p-JNK, TNF-a, IL-6 and IL-8 in vitreous were determined by immunohistochem-istry (IHC) staining. Results The serum level of TNF-a in mice increased after intraperitoneal injection of MDP (P < 0.05), and increased significantly after L18-MDP injection (P < 0.01). Meanwhile, the levels of IL-6 and IL-8 were also markedly induced by L18-MDP (P < 0. 01, P < 0. 01). ETN treatment evidently inhibited the increased levels of these above cytokines induced by L18-MDP (P < 0. 05, P < 0. 01). After the intravitreous injection of MDP in SD rats, there were numerous inflammatory cells infiltrated in retina and vitreous, and the retina was seriously damaged. The staining levels of p65, p-ERK, p-p38, p-JNK, TNF-a, IL-6 and IL-8 in eyeball tissues were significantly enhanced. Conclusions The systemic animal model of BS can be successfully established by intraperitoneal injection of L18-MDP in C57BL/6J mice, and the good BS-relat-ed uveitis can be induced by intravitreous injection of MDP in SD rats, which provides the simple, convenient, repeatable and i-deal animal models for exploring the pathogenesis of BS and e-valuating the efficacy of drugs.

10.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 888-895, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012295

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the perinatal maternal and fetal adverse outcomes of cesarean section in the different duration of the second stage of labor. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted on the clinical data of 154 pregnant women with singleton head pregnancy who underwent cesarean section at different times of the second stage of labor due to maternal and fetal factors in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 1, 2019 to December 31, 2021. According to the duration of the second stage of labor, they were divided into <2 h group (54 cases), 2-<3 h group (61 cases), and ≥3 h group (39 cases). The general data of pregnant women and neonates, preoperative maternal and neonatal conditions related to labor stages, surgical indications, surgical procedures, and perioperative maternal and neonatal adverse outcomes were compared among the three groups. Results: (1) General Information: there were no significant differences in maternal age, gravidity and parity, proportion of primipara, gestational age at delivery, body mass index before delivery, pregnancy complications, labor analgesia rate and the duration of the first stage of labor among the three groups (all P>0.05). The differences of the gender composition, birth weight and incidence of macrosomia of the three groups were also not statistically significant (all P>0.05). (2) Maternal and fetal status and surgical indications: the incidence of intrapartum fever and type Ⅱ and Ⅲ fetal heart rate monitoring in the <2 h group were higher than those in the 2-<3 h group and the ≥3 h group, and the preoperative fetal head position in the ≥3 h group was lower than that in the 2-<3 h group, with statistically significant differences (all P<0.05). The proportion of cesarean section due to "fetal distress" was 40.7% (22/54) in the <2 h group, which was higher than that in the 2-<3 h group (4.9%, 3/61) and the ≥3 h group (2.6%, 1/39). The proportions of surgical indication of "relative cephalo-pelvic disproportion" were 98.4% (60/61) and 94.9% (37/39) in the 2-<3 h group and ≥3 h group, respectively, and the surgical indication of "fetal head descent arrest" were 41.0% (25/61) and 59.0% (23/39), respectively. Compared with <2 h group [63.0% (34/54), 13.0% (7/54)], the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). There were no significant difference in surgical indications between 2-<3 h group and ≥3 h group (all P>0.05). (3) Intraoperative conditions and perioperative complications of cesarean section: the puerperal morbidity rate of <2 h group was 37.0% (20/54), which was higher than those of 2-<3 h group (18.0%, 11/61) and ≥3 h group (7.7%, 3/39), the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). There were no significant differences in operation time, intraoperative blood loss, incidence of fetal head inlay, uterine incision tear, modified B-Lynch suture for uterine atony, postpartum hemorrhage, perioperative blood transfusion, preoperative hemoglobin (Hb) level, perioperative Hb change, and postoperative hospital stay among the three groups (all P>0.05). (4) Adverse neonatal outcomes: non-hemolytic neonatal hyperbilirubinemia in ≥3 h group was 35.9% (14/39), which was significantly higher than that in <2 h group (13.0%, 7/54; P<0.05). Among the neonates admitted to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) within 1 week after birth, the proportion of neonates admitted to NICU due to neonatal hyperbilirubinemia in ≥3 h group (15/19) was significantly higher than that in <2 h group (9/17) and 2-<3 h group (10/19), and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference between the <2 h group and the 2-<3 h group (P>0.05). There was no perinatal death in the three groups. Conclusions: The rate of puerperal morbidity is higher in patients who were transferred to cesarean section within 2 hours of the second stage of labor. In the early stage of the second stage of labor, the monitoring of fetal heart rate and amniotic fluid characteristics should be strengthened, especially the presence or absence of prenatal fever. In good maternal and neonatal conditions, conversion to cesarean section after 2 hours of the second stage of labor does not significantly increase the incidence of serious adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. For the second stage of labor more than 3 hours before cesarean section, it is necessary to strengthen the monitoring of neonatal bilirubin.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Pregnant Women , Fetus , Retrospective Studies , Labor Stage, Second , Labor Presentation , Hyperbilirubinemia, Neonatal/etiology
11.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 874-887, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010762

ABSTRACT

The clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-Cas9 system has been widely used for genome engineering and transcriptional regulation in many different organisms. Current CRISPR-activation (CRISPRa) platforms often require multiple components because of inefficient transcriptional activation. Here, we fused different phase-separation proteins to dCas9-VPR (dCas9-VP64-P65-RTA) and observed robust increases in transcriptional activation efficiency. Notably, human NUP98 (nucleoporin 98) and FUS (fused in sarcoma) IDR domains were best at enhancing dCas9-VPR activity, with dCas9-VPR-FUS IDR (VPRF) outperforming the other CRISPRa systems tested in this study in both activation efficiency and system simplicity. dCas9-VPRF overcomes the target strand bias and widens gRNA designing windows without affecting the off-target effect of dCas9-VPR. These findings demonstrate the feasibility of using phase-separation proteins to assist in the regulation of gene expression and support the broad appeal of the dCas9-VPRF system in basic and clinical applications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Transcriptional Activation , RNA, Guide, CRISPR-Cas Systems , Gene Expression Regulation , CRISPR-Cas Systems/genetics
12.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 455-459, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986152

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis E is a viral hepatitis that the hepatitis E virus (HEV) causes. In the early 1980s, the hepatitis E virus was first discovered and identified, and it is one of the important pathogens that cause acute viral hepatitis globally. HEV infection is usually self-limiting, but in some groups of populations, such as pregnant women, patients with chronic liver disease, and the elderly, the prognosis is poor and may result in acute or subacute liver failure or even death. In addition, HEV infection can occur in chronically immunocompromised populations. At present, some regions and countries are not paying enough attention to hepatitis E prevention, diagnosis, and treatment, which suggests that we should study the epidemiology of HEV infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Aged , Hepatitis E/epidemiology , Hepatitis E virus/genetics , Prognosis , Liver Failure , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious
13.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 999-1005, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985625

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a risk-adapted colorectal cancer screening strategy constructed utilizing genetic and environmental risk score (ERS). Methods: A polygenic risk score (PRS) was constructed based on 20 previously published single nucleotide polymorphisms for colorectal cancer in East Asian populations, using 2 160 samples with MassARRAY test results from a multicenter randomized controlled trial of colorectal cancer screening in China. The ERS was calculated using the Asia-Pacific Colorectal Screening Score system. Logistic regression was used to analyze the association between PRS alone and PRS combined with ERS and colorectal neoplasms risk, respectively. We also designed a risk-adapted screening strategy based on PRS and ERS (high-risk participants undergo a single colonoscopy, low-risk participants undergo an annual fecal immunochemical test, and those with positive results undergo further diagnostic colonoscopy) and compared its effectiveness with the all-acceptance colonoscopy strategy. Results: The high PRS group had a 26% increased risk of colorectal neoplasms compared with the low PRS group (OR=1.26, 95%CI: 1.03-1.54, P=0.026). Participants with the highest PRS and ERS were 3.03 times more likely to develop advanced colorectal neoplasms than those with the lowest score (95%CI: 1.87-4.90, P<0.001). As the risk-adapted screening simulation reached the third round, the detection rate of the PRS combined with ERS strategy was not statistically different from the all-acceptance colonoscopy strategy (8.79% vs. 10.46%, P=0.075) and had a higher positive predictive value (14.11% vs. 10.46%, P<0.001) and lower number of colonoscopies per advanced neoplasms detected (7.1 vs. 9.6, P<0.001). Conclusion: The risk-adapted screening strategy combining PRS and ERS helps achieve population risk stratification and better effectiveness than the traditional colonoscopy-based screening strategy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Early Detection of Cancer , Risk Factors , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Asia , China/epidemiology
14.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 654-658, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985458

ABSTRACT

International research on healthy life expectancy (HALE) focuses on inequality of socioeconomic status and individual natural attributes. With the acceleration of population ageing and the increase in average life expectancy, the extension of unhealthy life expectancy and the increase of social and economic burden caused by diseases have gradually attracted the attention of countries around the world. Therefore, the evaluation of disease factors affecting HALE is a meaningful direction in the future. This study introduces the development process and commonly used measurement methods of HALE. According to the definition of health from the Global Burden of Disease Study and World Health Organization, physical and mental diseases such as cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases, diabetes, malignant tumors and depression were selected to summarize the impact of these diseases and pre-disease states on HALE. It is expected to provide a theoretical basis for the formulation of relevant public health policies and the improvement of quality of life in China.


Subject(s)
Humans , Healthy Life Expectancy , Quality of Life , Life Expectancy , Causality , Social Class
15.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 649-653, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985457

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the relationship between serum lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) level and the health index of the elderly. Methods: A total of 251 subjects were selected from the 2016 baseline survey of the Yongfu Longevity Cohort in Guangxi Province among whom 66, 63 and 122 were in the young and middle-aged group (≤59 years old), the young group (60-89 years old) and the longevity group (≥90 years old), respectively. Demographic data were collected and related indicators of height, weight, blood pressure and lipid metabolism were measured. The cognitive and physical functions of the elderly were assessed by the results of the simple mental state scale and the daily living activity scale to construct the health index of the elderly. The serum levels of LPC16∶0, LPC18∶0, LPC18∶1 and LPC18∶2 were determined by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, and the differences among different ages and health status groups were compared. The logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationship between the serum LPC level and the health index of the elderly. Results: With the increase in age, the proportion of female subjects increased, and the rate of smoking and drinking decreased. BMI, TC, TG, LDL-C, diastolic blood pressure, and the four LPCs levels decreased with the increase of age, and systolic blood pressure levels increased with the increase of age (all P values<0.05). There was no significant difference in HDL-C levels among age groups (P>0.05). With the decline of health status in the elderly, serum levels of LPC16∶0, LPC18∶0, LPC18∶1 and LPC18∶2 showed a downward trend (all P values<0.001). After adjusting for age and gender, only LPC18∶0 was associated with the health status in old age [OR (95%CI): 0.48 (0.25-0.92)]. For every 1 standard deviation (16.87 nmol/L) increase in serum LPC18∶0 concentration, the risk of poor health status in old age decreased by 52%. Conclusion: Serum LPC18∶0 was associated with the health status in old age independent of age and sex.


Subject(s)
Aged , Middle Aged , Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Lysophosphatidylcholines , Risk Factors , China , Longevity , Surveys and Questionnaires , Triglycerides
16.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1134-1139, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985439

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the prevalence and influencing factors of scoliosis among primary and middle school students in Shanghai, so as to provide reference for the prevention and control strategies of scoliosis in children and adolescents.@*Methods@#From September to December 2021, a total of 4 531 students from grade four of primary school to grade three of junior high school from 16 primary and middle schools in 4 districts of Shanghai were selected by multi stage stratified cluster sampling to carry out scoliosis screening and questionnaire survey. Independent sample t-test, Chi-squared test, Fisher s exact probability method and nonparametric Mann Whitney U-test were used for statistical analysis, and multivariate Logistic regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of scoliosis.@*Results@#The on the spot detection rate of scoliosis abnormality was 7.4% and the prevalence was 2.2%, mainly for thoracolumbar scoliosis (60.4%) and the scoliosis angle of 10° -<20°(88.1%). The results showed that the detection rate of scoliosis in boys was 1.6% and in girls was 3.3%, with a statistically significant difference ( χ 2=11.84, P < 0.01). There were significant differences in weight and BMI between scoliosis students and students with negative initial screening( t = -3.77, -5.30, P <0.01). And there was a statistically significant difference in the detection rate of scoliosis with different frequency of classroom seating arrangements ( Z =2.02, P <0.05). The results of multivariate Logistic regression showed that the risk of scoliosis in girls was higher than that in boys ( OR =1.87, 95% CI =1.21-2.88). BMI ( OR =0.89, 95% CI =0.83-0.95) and frequency of classroom seating arrangements ( OR =0.49, 95% CI =0.25-0.93) were correlated with lower rate of scoliosis. After stratification by sex, the frequency of classroom seating arrangements ( OR =0.26, 95% CI =0.10-0.67) in boys and the educational stage ( OR =2.35, 95% CI =1.26-4.41) in girls ( P <0.05) was correlated with higher rate of scoliosis, while BMI ( OR =0.86, 95% CI =0.79-0.94) in girls were correlated with lower rate of scoliosis.@*Conclusion@#Regular screening of scoliosis is an effective method for early detection of scoliosis. Girls in junior high school and low BMI should be paid close attention to. According to the occurrence and influencing factors of scoliosis, comprehensive prevention and control based on family, school, society, and other aspects can be carried out.

17.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 285-288, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961659

ABSTRACT

In recent years, in order to meet the needs of high-quality development, more and more hospitals have begun to carry out refined drug management. Based on the theory of value chain management, this study analyzed and practiced the refined drug management. First of all, the value chain model of drug management was constructed to clarify the drug management process and classification. Secondly, the current situation and demand of drug management were analyzed to clarify the management needs of procurement, logistics, inventory, distribution and use in the management process. Then, based on the value chain theory, the basic activities and auxiliary activities of drug management were reconstructed and optimized. The performance evaluation suggested that refined drug management based on the value chain theory could improve the efficiency of drug management, provide better services for patients, and help the hospital develop with high quality.

18.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 108-116, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970454

ABSTRACT

The correlation between intestinal flora and diseases has become a hot research topic in recent years.Since the incidence of diabetes is closely related to chronic low-grade inflammation and intestinal flora disorders,the intervention of intestinal flora imbalance has become a research focus in the prevention and treatment of diabetes mellitus.Akkermansia muciniphila(A.muciniphila) stands out among the intestinal flora as it can alleviate the diabetes-related symptoms by regulating glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) level,improving intestinal barrier function,and inhibiting chronic inflammation,which is a potential target for the prevention and treatment of diabetes.The reduction in the abundance of A.muciniphila is a marker for the early diagnosis of diabetes.The available studies have demonstrated that the administration with A.muciniphila alone can significantly attenuate inflammation and other related symptoms of diabetic patients.Moreover,A.muciniphila has good safety and can be tolerated by human body.Therefore,A.muciniphila has the potential to serve as a new species of probiotics for the treatment of diabetes.The clinical measures for treating diabetes,such as metformin,Chinese herbal medicines,and functional diet,have been confirmed to be associated with the increased abundance of A.muciniphila.Among them,Chinese herbal medicines can treat diabetes via multiple targets and pathways in a systemic manner.Studies have reported that A.muciniphila is a potential target of Chinese herbal medicines intervening in diabetes.After the administration of Chinese herbal medicines,the improvement of diabetes-related indicators was positively correlated with the abundance of A.muciniphila.The above evidence provides a new idea for the research on the interaction between Chinese herbal medicines and intestinal flora in the treatment of diabetes.Therefore,this paper reviewed the role of A.muciniphila in diabetes and the correlation between the abundance of A.muciniphila and the administration of Chinese herbal medicines,aiming to provide new measures for the prevention and treatment of diabetes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus/prevention & control , Akkermansia , Inflammation , Plant Extracts
19.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 38-44, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969740

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the predictive value of glycosylated hemoglobin A1c/apolipoprotein A-1 (HbA1c/ApoA-1) ratio for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods: The present study is a retrospective cohort study. ACS patients who were hospitalized and underwent coronary angiography at Beijing Hospital from March 2017 to March 2019 were enrolled. Baseline information such as sex, age, previous history, Gensini score, HbA1c and ApoA-1 were analyzed. Patients were divided into two groups according to presence or absence of MACEs and the difference on HbA1c/ApoA-1 ratio was compared between the two groups. According to the tertiles of HbA1c/ApoA-1 levels, patients were divided into high (5.87-16.12), medium (4.50-5.83) and low (2.11-4.48) HbA1c/ApoA-1 groups. Cox proportional risk model was used to evaluate the differences in MACEs and all-cause mortality among the three groups. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to compare the differences of MACEs between the various HbA1c/ApoA-1 groups. Results: A total of 366 ACS patients were included in this study. The mean age of the patients was (65.9±10.3) years. There were 59 MACEs and 10 all-cause deaths during the mean of (22.3±4.4) months follow-up. After adjusting for age, systolic blood pressure, history of diabetes and Gensini score, the incidence of MACEs was 2.45 times higher in the high HbA1c/ApoA-1 group than in the low HbA1c/ApoA-1 group (95%CI 1.16-5.18, P=0.019). There was no significant difference in all-cause mortality between the high and low HbA1c/ApoA-1 groups (P=1.000). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that patients in the high HbA1c/ApoA-1 group had the highest risk of MACEs, while patients in the low HbA1c/ApoA-1 group had the lowest risk of MACEs (P<0.01). Spearman rank correlation analysis showed that HbA1/ApoA-1 ratio was positively correlated with Gensini score in ACS patients (r=0.274, P<0.01). Conclusion: High HbA1c/ApoA-1 ratio was an independent risk factor for MACEs in ACS patients. Patients with high HbA1c/ApoA-1 ratio had more severe coronary artery disease lesions. HbA1c/ApoA-1 ratio may be used as a potential risk stratification biomarker for ACS patients, it might be useful for the early identification of high-risk population and for predicting the incidence of MACEs among ACS patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnosis , Apolipoprotein A-I/analysis , Biomarkers/analysis , Glycated Hemoglobin/analysis , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Predictive Value of Tests
20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 274-284, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965709

ABSTRACT

Photothermal therapy (PTT) has attracted significant attention due to minimal side effects and high treatment specificity. However, it often requires very high temperature to achieve complete tumor ablation under a single PTT. Such high temperature brings obvious thermal damage and inflammatory response to the body, affecting the therapeutic effect. In recent years, nitric oxide (NO) has been used to significantly inhibit tumor growth and enhance the sensitivity of tumor cells of temperature and drugs, thus enhancing the therapeutic effect. However, compounds as NO donors often have some disadvantages such as poor biocompatibility and untargeted delivery, etc., therefore, this medical application based on NO therapy is limited. In conclusion, the organic combination of NO donors and photothermal agents (PTAs) is expected to overcome the shortcomings of single therapy and achieve the antitumor effect of "1 + 1 > 2". In view of the rapid development of NO combining with PTT in tumor therapy, this review firstly introduces the antitumor mechanisms of different types of NO donors. Then the treatment strategy based on NO combined with PTT is discussed. Finally, the prospects and challenges of this combination therapy strategy in the clinical treatment of cancer are discussed.

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