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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2416-2422, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937041

ABSTRACT

italic>Psidium guajava Linn. is an evergreen shrub or small tree of Psidium Linnaeus in the Myrtaceae family. One new glycoside (1) together with 3 known meroterpenoids (2-4) and 9 known glycosides (5-13) were isolated from the fruits of Psidium guajava Linn.. The structure of the new compound was elucidated by the spectroscopic data analysis of HR-ESIMS, 1D- and 2D-NMR, and it was named psiguaoside A (1). The known compounds were identified as guajadial (2), 4,5-diepipsidial A (3), psidial A (4), chrysin-8-C-β-D-glucoside (5), 2,6-dihydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-4-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-benzophenone (6), quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (7), quercetin-3-O-xyloside (8), guaijaverin (9), avicularin (10), guavinoside E (11), guavinoside B (12), guajaphenone A (13). In the bioactivity assay, compound 3 exhibited significant inhibitory activitiy of U87 with IC50 values of 8.379 μmol·L-1.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919379

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Scleroderma is a multisystem disease in which tissue fibrosis is caused by inflammation and vascular damage. The mortality of scleroderma has remained high due to a lack of effective treatments. However, exosomes derived from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (HUMSCs)-Ex have been regarded as potential treatments for various autoimmune diseases, and may also act as candidates for treating scleroderma. @*METHODS@#Mice with scleroderma received a single 50 lg HUMSCs-Ex. HUMSCs-Ex was characterized using transmission electron microscopy, nanoparticle tracking analysis and nanoflow cytometry. The therapeutic efficacy was assessed using histopathology, immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and western blot. @*RESULTS@#HUMSCs-Ex ameliorated the deposition of extracellular matrix and suppressed the epithelial-mesenchymal transition process, and the effects lasted at least three weeks. In addition, HUMSCs-Ex promoted M1 macrophage polarization and inhibited M2 macrophage polarization, leading to the restoration of the balance of M1/M2 macrophages. @*CONCLUSION@#We investigated the potential antifibrotic and anti-inflammatory effects of HUMSCs-Ex in a bleomycininduced mouse model of scleroderma. So HUMSCs-Ex could be considered as a candidate therapy for scleroderma.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916993

ABSTRACT

Background@#Xylazole (Xyl) is a veterinary anesthetic that is structurally and functionally similar to xylazine. However, the effects of Xyl in vitro remain unknown. @*Objectives@#This study aimed to investigate the anesthetic mechanism of Xyl using fetal rat nerve cells treated with Xyl. @*Methods@#Fetal rat nerve cells cultured for seven days were treated with 10, 20, 30, and 40 μg/ mL Xyl for 0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 45, 60, 90, and 120 min. Variations of amino acid neurotransmitters (AANTs), Nitric oxide-Cyclic GMP (NO-cGMP) signaling pathway, and ATPase were evaluated. @*Results@#Xyl decreased the levels of cGMP and NO in nerve cells. Furthermore, Xyl affected the AANT content and Na+ -K+ -ATPase and Ca2+ -Mg2+ -ATPase activity in nerve cells. These findings suggested that Xyl inhibited the NO-cGMP signaling pathway in nerve cells in vitro. @*Conclusions@#This study provided new evidence that the anesthetic and analgesic effects of Xyl are related to the inhibition of the NO-cGMP signaling pathway.

4.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 323-328, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935695

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the characteristics, risk factors and outcomes of thalassemia major (TM) children with pericardial effusion (PE) after allo-geneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Methods: Clinical data of 446 TM children received allo-HSCT at Shenzhen Children's Hospital between January 2012 and December 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were divided into PE and non-PE group according to the occurrence of PE. Chi-square tests were used to investigate the risk factors that were associated with the development of PE. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis of the 2 groups. Results: Twenty-five out of 446 patients (5.6%) developed PE at a time of 75.0 (66.5, 112.5) days after allo-HSCT. Among these patients, 22 cases (88.0%) had PE within 6 months after allo-HSCT and 19 patients (76.0%) had PE within 100 days after allo-HSCT. The diagnoses of PE were confirmed using echocardiography. Pericardial tamponade was observed in only 1 patient, who later undergone emergency pericardiocentesis. The rest of patients received conservative managements alone. PE disappeared in all patients after treatment. Risk factors that were associated with the development of PE after allo-HSCT included the gender of patients, the type of transplantation, the number of mononuclear cells (MNC) infuse, pulmonary infection after HSCT and transplantation associated thrombotic microangiopathy (TA-TMA) (χ²=3.99, 10.20, 14.18, 36.24, 15.03, all P<0.05). In 239 patients that received haploidentical HSCT, the development of PE was associated with the gender of patients, pulmonary infection after HSCT and TA-TMA (χ²=4.48, 20.89, 12.70, all P<0.05). The overall survival rates of PE and non-PE groups were 96.0% (24/25) and 98.6% (415/421). The development of PE was not associated with the overall survival of TM children after allo-HSCT (χ²=1.73, P=0.188). Conclusions: PE mainly develop within 100 days after allo-HSCT in pediatric TM recipients. Haploidentical grafts, female gender, pulmonary infection after HSCT and TA-TMA are the main risk factors associated with PE development after transplant. However, the presence of PE don't have a significant impact on the outcomes of pediatric TM patients after allo-HSCT.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Humans , Pericardial Effusion/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Thrombotic Microangiopathies/complications , beta-Thalassemia/therapy
5.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 276-281, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935211

ABSTRACT

Objective: Systematically summarize the research progress of clinical trials of gastric cancer oncology drugs and the overview of marketed drugs in China from 2012 to 2021, providing data and decision-making evidence for relevant departments. Methods: Based on the registration database of the drug clinical trial registration and information disclosure platform of Food and Drug Administration of China and the data query system of domestic and imported drugs, the information on gastric cancer drug clinical trials, investigational drugs and marketed drugs from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2021 was analyzed, and the differences between Chinese and foreign enterprises in terms of trial scope, trial phase, treatment lines and drug type, effect and mechanism studies were compared. Results: A total of 114 drug clinical trials related to gastric tumor were registered in China from 2012 to 2021, accounting for 3.7% (114/3 041) of all anticancer drug clinical trials in the same period, the registration number showed a significant growth rate after 2016 and reached its peak with 32 trials in 2020. Among them, 85 (74.6%, 85/114) trials were initiated by Chinese pharmaceutical enterprise. Compared with foreign pharmaceutical enterprise, Chinese pharmaceutical enterprise had higher rates of phase I trials (35.3% vs 6.9%, P=0.001), but the rate of international multicenter trials (11.9% vs 67.9%, P<0.001) was relatively low. There were 76 different drugs involved in relevant clinical trials, of which 65 (85.5%) were targeted drugs. For targeted drugs, HER2 is the most common one (14 types), followed by PD-1 and multi-target VEGER. In the past ten years, 3 of 4 marketed drugs for gastric cancer treatment were domestic and included in the national medical insurance directory. Conclusions: From 2012 to 2021, China has made some progress in drug research and development for gastric carcinoma. However, compared with the serious disease burden, it is still insufficient. Targeted strengthening of research and development of investment in many aspects of gastric cancer drugs, such as new target discovery, matured target excavating, combination drug development and early line therapy promotion, is the key work in the future, especially for domestic companies.


Subject(s)
China , Gastrointestinal Agents/therapeutic use , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Humans , Pharmaceutical Preparations , United States , United States Food and Drug Administration
6.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 73-76, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934631

ABSTRACT

The incidence of brain metastases in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has increased as a result of improved local control rate and survival rate. Prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) has been proven to reduce the incidence of brain metastases and improve survival rate in patients with NSCLC. However, the value of PCI for NSCLC is still controversial. This paper reviews the progress of the efficacy and adverse reactions after PCI treatment for patients with NSCLC.

7.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 89-94, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934136

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the normal values of water-perfused high resolution esophageal manometry (HREM)(GAP-36A) at resting period, water swallowing, semisolid swallowing and solid swallowing in Chinese population.Methods:From September 1, 2019 to June 30, 2020, 91 healthy volunteers receiving water-perfused HREM (GAP-36A) at resting period, water swallowing, semisolid swallowing and solid swallowing were selected from 9 hospitals (Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology; the First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University; the Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University; the Second Affiliated Hospital, Naval Medical University; the First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University; the First Affiliated Hospital, University of Science and Technology of China; Aviation General Hospital of China Medical University; the Affiliated Hospital of Medical School of Nanjing University and the First People′s Hospital of Yichang). Parameters included the position of the upper and lower edges of the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) and lower esophageal sphincter (LES), the length of the LES and UES, the position of the pressure inversion point (PIP), the resting pressure of UES and LES and swallow-related parameters such as the distal contraction integral (DCI), 4 s integrated relaxation pressure (IRP), distal latency (DL) and UES residual pressure. One-way analysis of variance, post-hoc test and sum rank test were used for statistical analysis.Results:A total of 87 healthy volunteers were enrolled, including 40 males and 47 females, aged (38.5±14.2) years old (ranged from 19 to 65 years old). The position of the upper and lower edges of the LES was (42.7±2.8) and (45.6±2.8) cm, respectively, the length of the LES was (2.9±0.4) cm, and the position of PIP was (43.3±2.8) cm. The position of the upper and lower edges of the UES was (18.1±3.0) and (22.6±2.0) cm, respectively, and the length of the UES was (4.8±1.0) cm. The resting pressure of LES and UES was (17.4±10.7) and (84.1±61.1) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), respectively. The DCI value at solid swallowing was higher than those at water swallowing and semisolid swallowing ((2 512.4±1 448.0) mmHg·s·cm vs. (2 183.2±1 441.2) and (2 150.8±1 244.8) mmHg·s·cm), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=-4.30 and -3.74, both P<0.001). The values of 4 s IRP at semisolid swallowing and solid swallowing were lower than that at water swallowing ((4.6±4.1) and (4.9±3.9) mmHg vs. (5.4±3.9) mmHg), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=3.38 and 2.09, P=0.001 and 0.037). The DL at water swallowing was shorter than those at semisolid swallowing and solid swallowing ((8.5±1.8) s vs. (9.8±2.2) and (10.6±2.8) s), and the DL at semisolid swallowing was shorter than that at solid swallowing, and the differences were statistically significant ( t=-10.21, -13.91 and -4.68, all P<0.001). The UES residual pressure at water swallowing was higher than those at semisolid swallowing and solid swallowing (9.5 mmHg, 6.5 to 12.3 mmHg vs. 8.0 mmHg, 4.5 to 11.7 mmHg and 5.5 mmHg, 2.0 to 9.3 mmHg), and the UES residual pressure at semisolid swallowing was higher than that at solid swallowing, and the differences were statistically significant ( t=3.48, 10.30 and 6.35, all P<0.001). Conclusions:The normal values of water-perfused HREM (GAP-36A) in Chinese population at resting period, water swallowing, semisolid swallowing and solid swallowing can provide a reference basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment for patients receiving water-perfused HREM examination.

8.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 117-121, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929980

ABSTRACT

Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is the most common complication of chronic kidney disease. It is usually manifested as a series of symptoms such as bone and joint pain, bone deformity, limb numbness and fatigue, which seriously affect the quality of patients’life. Effective therapeutic interventions are very important to reduce the mortality and morbidity of SHPT patients. For most early stage patients, durg therapy combined with adequate dialysis is very effective for disease control, but as the disease progresses, SHPT will enter the irrevesible stage and patients will become resistant to durg therapy. Surgery is the only effective treatment for advanced SHPT. However, there are still some problems such as different surgical methods, unclear surgical indications, higher perioperative risk and recurrence rate, surgery has not been widely used in clinical treatment. Now the present status of surgery treatment of SHPT is introduced in order to provide reference for the further research and development of surgery treatment.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929584

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the epidemiological features of foodborne disease outbreaks in Shanghai and to find the risk factors. MethodsWe collected the data of foodborne disease outbreaks occurred in Shanghai between 2010 and 2020, analyzed the characteristics of outbreaks, including time and geographic distribution, pathogenic factors and possible reasons caused outbreaks. ResultsBetween 2010 and 2020, there were 108 foodborne disease outbreaks with 1 736 cases, 45 inpatient cases and 1 death. May to September was the epidemic period, with about 64.81% of the outbreak occurrence. 39.81% outbreaks occurred in Pudong, Songjiang and Chongming Districts. Most outbreaks occurred in small restaurants (25%) and most foodborne cases were in staff canteen outbreaks (27.53%). The main possible reasons caused outbreaks were improper food storage (19.44%), cross-contamination (14.81%) and improper cooking (12.04%). The major pathogenic factor was biological, caused 75.92% outbreaks and 77.59% cases. Methanol poisoning caused 1 death. The main contaminated food caused outbreaks was meat (17.59%), multiple food (12.04%) and aquatic products (11.11%). ConclusionThe foodborne disease outbreaks in Shanghai caused inpatient cases and death. We should pay more attention to foodborne disease outbreaks and we can control the risk factors by strengthening supervision and carrying out health education to reduce foodborne disease outbreaks.

10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 281-291, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878037

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Conventional pressure support ventilation (PSP) is triggered and cycled off by pneumatic signals such as flow. Patient-ventilator asynchrony is common during pressure support ventilation, thereby contributing to an increased inspiratory effort. Using diaphragm electrical activity, neurally controlled pressure support (PSN) could hypothetically eliminate the asynchrony and reduce inspiratory effort. The purpose of this study was to compare the differences between PSN and PSP in terms of patient-ventilator synchrony, inspiratory effort, and breathing pattern.@*METHODS@#Eight post-operative patients without respiratory system comorbidity, eight patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and obvious restrictive acute respiratory failure (ARF), and eight patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and mixed restrictive and obstructive ARF were enrolled. Patient-ventilator interactions were analyzed with macro asynchronies (ineffective, double, and auto triggering), micro asynchronies (inspiratory trigger delay, premature, and late cycling), and the total asynchrony index (AI). Inspiratory efforts for triggering and total inspiration were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Total AI of PSN was consistently lower than that of PSP in COPD (3% vs. 93%, P = 0.012 for 100% support level; 8% vs. 104%, P = 0.012 for 150% support level), ARDS (8% vs. 29%, P = 0.012 for 100% support level; 16% vs. 41%, P = 0.017 for 150% support level), and post-operative patients (21% vs. 35%, P = 0.012 for 100% support level; 15% vs. 50%, P = 0.017 for 150% support level). Improved support levels from 100% to 150% statistically increased total AI during PSP but not during PSN in patients with COPD or ARDS. Patients' inspiratory efforts for triggering and total inspiration were significantly lower during PSN than during PSP in patients with COPD or ARDS under both support levels (P < 0.05). There was no difference in breathing patterns between PSN and PSP.@*CONCLUSIONS@#PSN improves patient-ventilator synchrony and generates a respiratory pattern similar to PSP independently of any level of support in patients with different respiratory system mechanical properties. PSN, which reduces the trigger and total patient's inspiratory effort in patients with COPD or ARDS, might be an alternative mode for PSP.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01979627; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/record/NCT01979627.


Subject(s)
Cross-Over Studies , Humans , Prospective Studies , Respiration , Respiration, Artificial , Respiratory System , Ventilators, Mechanical
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907940

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics of adenovirus (HAdVs) pneumonia in children.Methods:The clinical manifestations, laboratory results, imaging features and treatment courses of 541 children with HAdVs pneumonia treated in Shenzhen Children′s Hospital from January 2017 to August 2019 were retrospectively studied.Results:The number of children diagnosed with HAdVs pneumonia increased year by year.A total of 541 patients were included in this study (214 females and 327 males, median age 31 months). The majority of patients (89.3%, 483/541 cases) were less than 6 years of age.Cough (98.3%, 532/541 cases) was the most common symptom, followed by fever (93.7%, 507/541 cases), tachypnea (36.6%, 198/541 cases) and wheeting (32.5%, 176/541 cases). Thirteen point three percent patients (72/541 cases) had existing primary diseases.Severe HAdVs pneumonia was observed in 33.8% of patients (183/541 cases), the most common intrapulmonary complication were pleural effusion(18.6%, 101/541 cases) and respiratory failure (7.0%, 38/541 cases). In co-infection cases, 46.9% of the patients (254/541 cases) suffered from co-infection with mycoplasma pneumoniae, 21.6% of the patients (117/541 cases) suffered from bacterial co-infection.Ninety-eight point five percent of the patients (533/541 cases) were cured, and 1.5% of the patients (8/541 cases) died or discharged voluntarily.Convulsions [ P=0.026, OR=7.312 (95% CI: 1.267-42.191)] and bacterial co-infections [ P=0.030, OR=2.724 (95% CI: 1.101-6.741)] were independently correlated with the occurrence of severe HAdVs pneumonia. Conclusions:Pre-school aged children are at higher risks of developing HAdVs pneumonia.The majority of patients presents with fever and cough as primary manifestations.Tachypnea and wheezing are also common clinical features of HAdVs pneumonia patients.Approximately a third of children with HAdVs pneumonia may develop into severe pneumonia.The presentation of convulsion and the exis-tence of bacterial co-infections may help to predict the development of severe HAdVs pneumonia in pediatric patients.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921984

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the genetic etiology, clinical diagnosis and treatment of a child with pancytopenia, failure to thrive and pulmonary infection.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples of the child and her parents were collected. Genomic DNA was extracted. Genetic variants associated with hematological diseases were detected by high-throughput sequencing.@*RESULTS@#Three variants of TCN2 gene were found, one of which located in exon 5 upstream(c.581-8A>T), the parents has carried this variant; one in exon 6 (c.924_927del), the variant was originated from the mother; one in exon 7 (c.973C>T), the variant has ocurred de novo. The variants pathogenic analysis combined with clinical manifestation, pancytopenia, the increase in methylmalonic acid level and increased homocysteine, the child was diagnosed with transcobalaminIIdeficiency. The patient presented with respiratory infection, which was confirmed to be pneumocystosis by lung radioscopy and pathogenic high-throughput sequencing of broncho-alveolar lavage fluid. The patient presented with acute respiratory distress syndrome during the treatment with intramuscular injection of vitamin B@*CONCLUSION@#We reported a case of Chinese child with TCNII deficiency due to novel gene variant, and analyzed the pathogenicity of the three variants. The treatment of TCNII deficiency with cobalamin should be individualized.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Metabolism, Inborn Errors , Child , Female , Genetic Testing , Humans , Rare Diseases , Transcobalamins/genetics , Vitamin B 12
13.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 625-631, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911887

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influencing factors of post-dialysis hypertension in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients.Methods:This study was a cross-sectional and retrospective study. The patients receiving hemodialysis from January 9, 2017 to January 14, 2017 in 5 hemodialysis centers of Beijing area were selected. Post-dialysis hypertension was defined as an event characterized by an average increase of more than 15 mmHg in post-dialysis mean artery pressure (MAP) compared to intradialytic 3 h MAP during 3 consecutive hemodialysis sessions. Post-dialysis stable blood pressure was defined as an event characterized by an increase of less than 15 mmHg or a decrease of less than 10 mmHg in post-dialysis MAP compared to intradialytic 3 h MAP, with the exception of patients with post-dialysis hypertension and post-dialysis hypotension. The patients were divided into hypertension group and stable blood pressure group based on whether they had post-dialysis hypertension, and the differences of clinical data between the two groups were compared. The influencing factors of post-dialysis hypertension were analyzed by multivariate unconditional logistic regression.Results:A total of 491 MHD patients were enrolled in this study, including 65 patients (13.2%) in the hypertension group, 406 patients (82.7%) in the stable blood pressure group and 20 patients (4.1%) in the hypotension group. The age, blood calcium before dialysis and the proportion of patients using 1.75 mmol/L Ca 2+ dialysate in the hypertension group were higher than those of the stable blood pressure group, and pre-dialysis serum intact parathyroid hormone and pre-dialysis serum uric acid in the post hypertension group were lower than those of the stable blood pressure group (all P<0.05). The age, pre-dialysis serum intact parathyroid hormone, pre-dialysis serum calcium, pre-dialysis serum uric acid, dialysate Ca 2+ concentration of statistical differences between hypertension group and stable blood pressure group ( P<0.05), and post-dialysis serum calcium, pre-dialysis total serum cholesterol, application of β receptor blocker, gender of univariate analysis ( P<0.1) were included into the logistic regression equation as covariates. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that using 1.75 mmol/L Ca 2+ dialysate was the independent influencing factor of post-dialysis hypertension (with using 1.50 mmol/L Ca 2+ dialysate as reference, OR=2.930, 95% CI 1.282-6.694, P=0.011). The age and pre-dialysis serum calcium of statistical differences between hypertension group and stable blood pressure group ( P<0.05), and pre-dialysis serum sodium and pre-dialysis serum uric acid of univariate analysis ( P<0.1) were included into the logistic regression equation as covariates. The older age ( OR=1.046, 95% CI 1.000-1.093, P=0.049) and higher pre-dialysis serum calcium ( OR=21.847, 95% CI 2.111-226.075, P=0.010) were the independent influencing factors of post-dialysis hypertension when the 1.50 mmol/L Ca 2+ dialysate was used. Conclusions:The independent influencing factor of post-dialysis hypertension is using 1.75 mmol/L Ca 2+ dialysate, while the independent influencing factors of post-dialysis hypertension are the older age and the higher pre-dialysis serum calcium level when the dialysate Ca 2+ concentration was 1.50 mmol/L.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887993

ABSTRACT

The effect of Danhong Injection on the endogenous metabolites of rabbit platelets was analyzed by the liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry( LC-MS) based metabonomic approach. Anti-platelet aggregation was detected after Danhong Injection treatment and the changes of platelet metabolites were analyzed by metabonomics. Principal component analysis( PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis( PLS-DA) were performed to investigate the effect of Danhong Injection on endogenous metabolites of platelets,characterize the biomarkers,and explore the relevant pathways and the underlying mechanism. As demonstrated by the pharmacodynamic results,Danhong Injection of different doses and concentrations antagonized platelet aggregation in a dose-and concentration-dependent manner. In contrast to the control group,25 differential metabolites such as nicotinic acid,nicotinic acid riboside,and hypoxanthine were screened out after platelets were treated by Danhong Injection. These metabolites,serving as important biomarkers,were mainly enriched in the nicotinic acid-niacinamide metabolic pathway and purine metabolic pathway. This study explored the therapeutic mechanism of Danhong Injection from a microscopic perspective by metabonomics,which is expected to provide a new idea for the investigation of platelet-related mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomarkers , Blood Platelets , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Metabolomics , Rabbits , Technology
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1795-1802, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887594

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#It remains unclear whether the outcomes of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) during off-hours are as favorable as those treated during on-hours, especially those with a first medical contact-to-device (FMC-to-device) time within 90 min. We aimed to determine whether off-hours admission impacted late outcomes in patients undergoing PPCI and with an FMC-to-device time ≤90 min.@*METHODS@#This multicenter retrospective study included 670 STEMI patients who underwent successful PPCI and had an FMC-to-device time ≤90 min from 19 chest pain centers in Beijing from January 2018 to December 2018. Patients were divided into on-hours group and off-hours group based on their arrival time. Baseline characteristics, clinical data, and key time intervals during treatment were collected from the Quality Control & Improvement Center of Cardiovascular Intervention of Beijing by the "Heart and Brain Green Channel" app.@*RESULTS@#Overall, the median age of the patients was 58.8 years and 19.9% (133/670) were female. Of these, 296 (44.2%) patients underwent PPCI during on-hours and 374 (55.8%) patients underwent PPCI during off-hours. Compared with the on-hours group, the off-hours group had a longer FMC-to-device time and fewer patients with FMC-to-device time ≤60 min (P  0.05). According to the Cox regression analyses, off-hours admission was not a predictor of 2-year MACEs (P = 0.788). Similarly, the Kaplan-Meier curves showed that the risks of a MACE, all-cause death, reinfarction, and target vessel revascularization were not significantly different between the two groups (P > 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#This real-world, multicenter retrospective study demonstrated that for STEMI patients who underwent PPCI within 90 min, off-hours admission was safe, with no difference in the risk of 2-year MACEs compared with those with on-hours admission.


Subject(s)
Beijing , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/surgery , Treatment Outcome
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942249

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop dexamethasone plus minocycline-loaded liposomes (Dex/Mino liposomes) and apply them to improve bioinert polyetheretherketone (PEEK) surface, which could prevent post-operative bacterial contamination, enhance ossification for physiologic osseointegration, and finally reduce implant failure rates.@*METHODS@#Dex/Mino liposomes were covalently grafted onto the PEEK surface using polydopamine (pDA) coating as a medium. Confocal laser scanning microscopy was used to confirm the binding of fluorescently labeled liposomes onto the PEEK substrate, and a microplate reader was used to semiquantitatively measure the average fluorescence intensity of fluorescently labeled liposome-decorated PEEK surfaces. Moreover, the mouse subcutaneous infection model and the beagle femur implantation model were respectively conducted to verify the bioactivity of Dex/Mino liposome-modified PEEK in vivo, by means of micro computed tomography (micro-CT) and hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining analysis.@*RESULTS@#The qualitative and quantitative results of fluorescently labeled liposomes showed that, the red fluorescence intensity of the PEEK-pDA-lipo group was stronger than that of the PEEK-NF-lipo group (P < 0.05); the liposomes were successfully and uniformly decorated on the PEEK surfaces due to the pDA coating. After mouse subcutaneous implantation of PEEKs for 24 hours, HE staining results showed that the number of inflammatory cells in the PEEK-Dex/Mino lipo group were lower than that in the inert PEEK group (P < 0.05), indicating a lower degree of infection in the test group. These results suggested that the Mino released from the liposome-functionalized surface provided an effective bacteriostasis in vivo. After beagle femoral implantation of PEEK for 8 weeks, micro-CT results showed that the PEEK-Dex/Mino lipo group newly formed more continuous bone when compared with the inert PEEK group; HE staining results showed that more new bones were formed in the PEEK-Dex/Mino lipo group than in the inert PEEK group, which were firmly bonded to the functionalized PEEK surface and extended along the PEEK interface. These results suggested that the Dex released from the liposome-functionalized surface induced effective bone regeneration in vivo.@*CONCLUSION@#Dex/Mino liposome modification enhanced the bioactivity of inert PEEK, the functionalized PEEK with enhanced antibacterial and osseointegrative capacity has great potential as an orthopedic/dental implant material for clinical application.


Subject(s)
Animals , Benzophenones , Dogs , Ketones , Liposomes , Mice , Osseointegration , Polyethylene Glycols , Polymers , Surface Properties , X-Ray Microtomography
17.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 128-135, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941248

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the 4-year clinical outcomes of patients following Firesorb bioresorbable scaffold (BRS) implantation. Methods: The study reported the 4-year follow-up results of the FUTURE I study. FUTURE I was a prospective, single-center, open-label, first-in-man study which evaluated the feasibility, preliminary safety, and efficacy of Firesorb stent in the treatment of coronary artery stenosis. A total of 45 patients with single de novo lesions in native coronary arteries ,who hospitalized in Fuwai Hospital from January to March 2016 were enrolled. After successfully stent implantation these patients were randomized in a 2∶1 ratio into cohort 1 (n=30) or cohort 2 (n=15). The patients in cohort 1 underwent angiographic, IVUS or OCT examination at 6 months and 2 years; and cohort 2 underwent angiographic, IVUS or OCT at 1 and 3 years. All patients underwent clinical follow-up at 1, 6 months and 1 year and annually thereafter up to 5 years. The primary endpoint was target lesion failure (TLF, including cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction, and ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization). Secondary endpoints included patient-oriented composite endpoint (PoCE, defined as composite of all death, all miocardial infarction, or any revascularization). Results: A total of 45 patients were enrolled and implanted with Firesorb BRS, including 35 males (77.8%), and the age was (54.4±9.3) years. At 4 years, 10 patients in cohort 1 were reexamined by coronary angiography and OCT examination. Among them, 2 patients' stents were completely degraded and absorbed. Compared with the OCT images of the other 8 patients in cohort 2 at 3 years, the degree of stent degradation was increased, and no stent adherence was found. The 4-year clinical follow-up rate was 100%. In 4-year clinical following up, 2 patients suffered PoCE (4.4%): 1 patient underwent non-target vessel revascularization the day after index procedure and target vessel revascularization (Non-target lesion revascularization) at 2-year imaging follow-up; the other patient underwent target lesion revascularization during imaging follow-up at 4 years but not due to ischemic driven. There was no scaffold thrombosis or TLF events through 4 years. Conclusions: Four years after the implantation, complete degradation and absorption of the Firsorb stent are evidenced in some patients. Firesorb stent is feasible and effective in the treatment of patients with non-complex coronary lesions.


Subject(s)
Absorbable Implants , Cardiovascular Agents , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Drug-Eluting Stents , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Prospective Studies , Sirolimus , Treatment Outcome
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879188

ABSTRACT

The metabolites of salvianolic acid A and salvianolic acid B in rats were analyzed and compared by ultra-high-perfor-mance liquid chromatography with linear ion trap-orbitrap mass spectrometry(UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap MS). After the rats were administrated by gavage, plasma at different time points and urine within 24 hours were collected to be treated by solid phase extraction(SPE), then they were gradient eluted by Acquity UPLC BEH C_(18) column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) and 0.1% formic acid solution(A)-acetonitrile(B) mobile phase system, and finally all biological samples of rats were analyzed under negative ion scanning mode. By obtaining the accurate relative molecular mass and multi-level mass spectrometry information of metabolites, combined with the characteristic cleavage law of the reference standard and literature reports, a total of 30 metabolites, including salvianolic acid A and B, were identified. Among them, there were 24 metabolites derived from salvianolic acid A, with the main metabolic pathways including ester bond cleavage, dehydroxylation, decarboxylation, hydrogenation, methylation, hydroxylation, sulfonation, glucuronidation, and their multiple reactions. There were 15 metabolites of salvianolic acid B, and the main biotransformation pathways were five-membered ring cracking, ester bond cleavage, decarboxylation, dehydroxylation, hydrogenation, methylation, sulfonation, glucuronidation, and their compound reactions. In this study, the cross-metabolic profile of salvianolic acid A and B was elucidated completely, which would provide reference for further studies on the basis of pharmacodynamic substances and the exploration of pharmacological mechanism.


Subject(s)
Animals , Benzofurans , Caffeic Acids , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Lactates , Mass Spectrometry , Rats , Technology
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878925

ABSTRACT

To study the time-toxicity relationship and mechanism of Gardeniae Fructus extract on the hepatoxicity in rats. Rats were randomly divided into C group(0 day), D5 group(5 days), D12 group(12 days), D19 group(19 days), and D26 group(7 days recovery after 19 days of administration). The rats in normal group received normal saline through intragastric administration, and the rats in other groups received 10 g·kg~(-1 )Gardeniae Fructus extract through intragastric administration. After the final administration, the livers were collected. Hematoxylin-eosin staining was used to observe the histopathological changes in the liver tissue. Total liver proteins were extracted for proteomic analysis, detected by the Nano-ESI liquid-mass spectrometry system and identified by Protein Disco-very software. SIEVE software was used for relative quantitative and qualitative analysis of proteins. The protein-protein interaction network was constructed based on STRING. Cytoscape software was used for cluster analysis of differential proteins. Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) database was used to perform enrichment signal pathway analysis. Pearson correlation analysis was performed for the screened differential protein expression and liver pathology degree score. The results showed that the severity of liver injury in D5, D12 and D19 groups was significantly higher than that in group C. The degree of liver damage in D5 group was slightly higher than that in D12 and D19 groups, with no significant difference between group D26 and group C. Totally 147 key differential proteins have been screened out by proteomics and mainly formed 6 clusters, involving in drug metabolism pathways, retinol metabolism pathways, proteasomes, amino acid biosynthesis pathways, and glycolysis/gluconeogenesis pathways. The results of Pearson correlation analysis indicated that differential protein expressions had a certain temporal relationship with the change of liver pathological degree. The above results indicated that the severity of liver damage caused by Gardeniae Fructus extract did not increase with time and would recover after drug with drawal. The above pathways may be related to the mechanism of liver injury induced by Gardeniae Fructus extract.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/toxicity , Fruit , Gardenia , Liver , Proteomics , Rats , Signal Transduction
20.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 127-132, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799553

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To deliver macro understanding of the latest research progress on clinical trials and approved products of cancer drugs in China in 2019.@*Methods@#The number of clinical trials and related investigational products by domestic and foreign enterprises in 2019 were acquired in the China Food and Drug Administration Registration and Information Disclosure Platform for Drug Clinical Studies, while listed drugs were obtained in the China Food and Drug Administration Query System for Domestic and Imported Drug. Characteristics on stage, scope, indication of those trials, classification and mechanism of involved products, as well as listed anticancer drugs were summarized and depicted.@*Results@#There were 474 cancer drug trials registered in China in 2019, accounting for 21.8% of the total, and 397 (83.8%) were initiated by domestic pharmaceutical enterprises. Overall, international multicenter trials accounted for 13.1%, and phase I trials accounted for 47.3%. Compared with global enterprises, the proportion of international multi-center trials initiated by domestic companies is lower (4.8% vs. 55.8%, P<0.001), and the proportion of phase I clinical trials and bioequivalence trials is higher (51.9% vs. 23.4%, 19.4% vs. 1.3%, P<0.001). An accumulative of 27 cancer types were involved for all the cancer drug trials, and lung cancer, solid tumor, and breast cancer were the most common cancer types, with 103, 95 and 49 trials, respectively. For the three cancer types unique to Chinese population, gastric, liver and esophageal cancer, the total number of initiated trials was 47. For all those trials, there were 335 cancer drug varieties, with 86.0% developed by domestic pharmaceutical enterprises, including 300 therapeutic drugs, 30 adjunctive drugs and 5 preventive drugs. In terms of mechanism, targeted drugs and immune drugs were the most popular, accounting for 74.6% and 20.3%, respectively. In addition, 17 anticancer drugs targeting on 11 cancer types were approved in China in 2019.@*Conclusions@#Clinical trials on cancer drugs in China have ushered a booming era, with large number of innovative agents represented by targeted drugs and immune drugs under clinical development or putting into clinical practice. Those local enterprises are playing more and more critical roles. Strengthening clinical research and development on Chinese unique cancer types is the key direction of future work.

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