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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936290

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mechanism of valproic acid (VPA) -induced impairment of the dendritic spines and synapses in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) for causing core symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in mice.@*METHODS@#Female C57 mice were subjected to injections of saline or VPA on gestational days 10 and 12, and the male offspring mice in the two groups were used as the normal control group and ASD model group (n=10), respectively. Another 20 male mice with fetal exposure to VPA were randomized into two groups for stereotactic injection of DMSO or Wortmannin into the PFC (n=10). Open field test, juvenile play test and 3-chamber test were used to evaluate autistic behaviors of the mice. The density of dendrite spines in the PFC was observed with Golgi staining. Western blotting and immunofluorescence staining were used to detect the expressions of p-PI3K, PI3K, p-AKT, AKT, p-mTOR, mTOR and the synaptic proteins PSD95, p-Syn, and Syn in the PFC of the mice.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the normal control mice, the mice with fetal exposure to VPA exhibited obvious autism-like behaviors with significantly decreased density of total, mushroom and stubby dendritic spines (P < 0.05) and increased filopodia dendritic spines (P < 0.05) in the PFC. The VPA-exposed mice also showed significantly increased expressions of p-PI3K/PI3K, p-AKT/AKT, and p-mTOR/mTOR (P < 0.01) and lowered expressions of PSD95 and p-Syn/Syn in the PFC (P < 0.05 or 0.001). Wortmannin injection into the PFC obviously improved the ASD-like phenotype and dendritic spine development, down-regulated PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway and up-regulated the synaptic proteins in VPA-exposed mice.@*CONCLUSION@#In male mice with fetal exposure to VPA, excessive activation of PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway and decreased expressions of the synaptic proteins PSD95 and p-Syn cause dendritic spine damage and synaptic development disturbance in the PFC, which eventually leads to ASD-like phenotype.


Subject(s)
Animals , Autism Spectrum Disorder/chemically induced , Autistic Disorder/chemically induced , Dendritic Spines , Disease Models, Animal , Female , Male , Mice , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Prefrontal Cortex , Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects , Valproic Acid/adverse effects
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929265

ABSTRACT

Cancer is a complex disease associated with multiple gene mutations and malignant phenotypes, and multi-target drugs provide a promising therapy idea for the treatment of cancer. Natural products with abundant chemical structure types and rich pharmacological characteristics could be ideal sources for screening multi-target antineoplastic drugs. In this paper, 50 tumor-related targets were collected by searching the Therapeutic Target Database and Thomson Reuters Integrity database, and a multi-target anti-cancer prediction system based on mt-QSAR models was constructed by using naïve Bayesian and recursive partitioning algorithm for the first time. Through the multi-target anti-cancer prediction system, some dominant fragments that act on multiple tumor-related targets were analyzed, which could be helpful in designing multi-target anti-cancer drugs. Anti-cancer traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and its natural products were collected to form a TCM formula-based natural products library, and the potential targets of the natural products in the library were predicted by multi-target anti-cancer prediction system. As a result, alkaloids, flavonoids and terpenoids were predicted to act on multiple tumor-related targets. The predicted targets of some representative compounds were verified according to literature review and most of the selected natural compounds were found to exert certain anti-cancer activity in vitro biological experiments. In conclusion, the multi-target anti-cancer prediction system is very effective and reliable, and it could be further used for elucidating the functional mechanism of anti-cancer TCM formula and screening for multi-target anti-cancer drugs. The anti-cancer natural compounds found in this paper will lay important information for further study.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Bayes Theorem , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Neoplasms/drug therapy
3.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2141-2145, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942676

ABSTRACT

Reconstructed rebalanced hemostasis exists in patients with liver cirrhosis, while such balance is unstable and can be easily broken by stress factors, which may lead to bleeding or thrombosis. There is a lack of effective strategies to prevent and solve the disrupted balance in clinic due to the complex pathogenesis of rebalanced hemostasis, limited testing methods, and insufficient awareness among clinicians. With reference to the articles in recent years, this article summarizes the mechanism of rebalanced hemostasis in liver cirrhosis and the causes of bleeding and thrombosis and discuss the association between blood transfusion and rebalanced hemostasis and the selection of anticoagulant drugs during thrombosis, in order to provide a theoretical basis and new ideas for solving related issues in clinical practice.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940998

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the amino acid metabolomics characteristics of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in mice with sepsis induced by the cecal ligation and puncture (CLP).@*METHODS@#The sepsis mouse model was prepared by CLP, and the mice were randomly divided into a sham operation group (sham group, n = 10) and a CLP model group (n = 10). On the 7th day after the operation, 5 mice were randomly selected from the surviving mice in each group, and the bone marrow MDSCs of the mice were isolated. Bone marrow MDSCs were separated to measure the oxygen consumption rate (OCR) by using Agilent Seahorse XF technology and to detect the contents of intracellular amino acids and oligopeptides through ultra-performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) technology. Different metabolites and potential biomarkers were analyzed by univariate statistical analysis and multivariate statistical analysis. The major metabolic pathways were enriched using the small molecular pathway database (SMPDB).@*RESULTS@#The proportion of MDSCs in the bone marrow of CLP group mice (75.53% ± 6.02%) was significantly greater than that of the sham group (43.15%± 7.42%, t = 7.582, P < 0.001), and the basal respiratory rate [(50.03±1.20) pmol/min], maximum respiration rate [(78.07±2.57) pmol/min] and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production [(25.30±1.21) pmol/min] of MDSCs in the bone marrow of CLP group mice were significantly greater than the basal respiration rate [(34.53±0.96) pmol/min, (t = 17.41, P < 0.001)], maximum respiration rate [(42.57±1.87) pmol/min, (t = 19.33, P < 0.001)], and ATP production [(12.63±0.96) pmol/min, (t = 14.18, P < 0.001)] of sham group. Leucine, threonine, glycine, etc. were potential biomarkers of septic MDSCs (all P < 0.05). The increased amino acids were mainly enriched in metabolic pathways, such as malate-aspartate shuttle, ammonia recovery, alanine metabolism, glutathione metabolism, phenylalanine and tyrosine metabolism, urea cycle, glycine and serine metabolism, β-alanine metabolism, glutamate metabolism, arginine and proline metabolism.@*CONCLUSION@#The enhanced mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation, malate-aspartate shuttle and alanine metabolism in MDSCs of CLP mice may provide raw materials for mitochondrial aerobic respiration, thereby promoting the immunosuppressive function of MDSCs. Blocking the above metabolic pathways may reduce the risk of secondary infection in sepsis and improve the prognosis.


Subject(s)
Adenosine Triphosphate/metabolism , Alanine/metabolism , Animals , Aspartic Acid/metabolism , Biomarkers/metabolism , Chromatography, Liquid , Glycine/metabolism , Malates/metabolism , Mice , Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cells/metabolism , Sepsis/complications , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940992

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the status and influencing factors of anxiety tendency among occupational population in China and to examine the joint association between sedentary behavior and physical activity with anxiety tendency.@*METHODS@#The data were from the 2021 Asia Best Workplace (Chinese mainland) program. The Generalized Anxiety Tendency scale was used to assess employees' anxiety status, and Logistic regression was used to analyze the factors influencing anxiety tendency and calculate the odds ratio (OR) within different groups. The OR of sitting for each sitting-physical activity (PA) combination group and within PA strata were calculated to explore the joint association.@*RESULTS@#A total of 11 903 workers with an average age of 32.9 years were included in this study. Among them, 3 562 workers had anxiety tendency (29.9%) and the prevalence of those under 40 years old (30.6%) was significantly higher than the other age group (26.7%). 41.0% of the respondents had the moderated to vigorous physical activity. Their average daily sitting time was 9.4 h, and the percentage of those who exceeded 8 h sitting reached 73.9% in the past week. The analysis of Logistic regression showed that smoking (OR=1.24, 95%CI: 1.23-1.39), longer sedentary time and lower physical activity level were risk factors for anxiety tendency, and longer average daily sleep time (OR=0.56, 95%CI: 0.51-0.61) was a protective factor. The joint association analysis and stratified analysis of physical activity and sedentary behavior with anxiety tendency showed that increased sedentary time combined with decreased physical activity intensity was significantly associated with increased risk of anxiety tendency (range of OR: 1.64-3.14). The threshold for sedentary time in total as a risk factor for anxiety tendency gradually decreased as physical activity intensity increased.@*CONCLUSION@#The anxiety tendency and sedentary behavior among the occupational population should recieve more attention. Lack of physical activity and sedentary behavior are both risk factors for anxiety tendency, and strengthening the intensity of physical activity can attenuate the harmful effects of sedentary behavior on anxiety tendency.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anxiety/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Exercise , Humans , Sedentary Behavior , Sleep
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940948

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the serum microRNA (miRNA) expression and examine the impact of miRNA expression profiles on T helper type 17 (Th17)/regulatory T cells (Treg) imbalance among patients with cystic echinococcosis, so as to provide insights into the illustration of the mechanisms underlying chronic Echinococcus granulosus infections, and long-term pathogenesis.@*METHODS@#Total RNA was extracted from the sera of cystic echinococcosis patients and healthy controls, and subjected to high-throughput sequencing with the Illumina sequencing platform. Known miRNAs were annotated and new miRNAs were predicted using the miRBase database and the miRDeep2 tool, and differentially expressed miRNAs were identified. The target genes of differentially expressed miRNAs were predicted using the software miRanda and TargetScan, and the intersection was selected for Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis. Among the differentially expressed miRNAs with the 20 highest fold changes, miRNAs that targeted genes relating to key transcription factors RORC and FOXP3 that determine the production of Th17 and Treg cells or their important regulatory pathways (PI3K-Akt and mTOR pathways) were matched.@*RESULTS@#A total of 53 differentially expressed miRNAs were screened in sera of cystic echinococcosis patients and healthy controls, including 47 up-regulated miRNAs and 6 down-regulated miRNAs. GO enrichment analysis showed that these differentially expressed miRNA were involved DNA transcription and translation, cell components, cell morphology, neurodevelopment and metabolic decomposition, and KEGG pathway analysis showed that the differentially expressed miRNA were mainly involved in MAPK, PI3K-Akt and mTOR signaling pathways. Among the differentially expressed miRNAs with the 20 highest fold changes, there were 3 miRNAs that had a potential for target regulation of RORC, and 15 miRNAs that had a potential to target the PI3K-Akt and mTOR signaling pathways.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Significant changes are found in serum miRNA expression profiles among patients with E. granulosus infections, and differentially expressed miRNAs may lead to Th17/Treg imbalance through targeting the key transcription factors of Th17/Treg or PI3K-Akt and mTOR pathways, which facilitates the long-term parasitism of E. granulosus in hosts and causes a chronic disease.


Subject(s)
Echinococcosis/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling , Humans , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/genetics , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/genetics , Th17 Cells , Transcription Factors/genetics
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940525

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the clinical efficacy of sequential syndrome differentiation of Yiqi Huayu Qingre prescription (YHQ) in the treatment of refractory nephrotic syndrome in children. MethodA total of 112 children with refractory nephrotic syndrome were randomly divided into an observation group (57 cases) and a control group(55 cases). The children in the control group were treated with prednisone tablets combined with tacrolimus,and those in the observation group were treated with YHQ by sequential syndrome differentiation on the basis of the control group. The total effective rates of the two groups after treatment were observed. The 24-hour urinary total protein(24 h UTP),plasma albumin(ALB),cholesterol(CHO),triglycerides(TG), and traditional Chinese medicine quality of life scale scores before treatment and after four weeks,eight weeks,16 weeks,24 weeks,32 weeks,40 weeks,and 52 weeks in the two groups were recorded. The total course of treatment and the total accumulation of hormones were compared among the children with reduced or no hormone treatment till 52 weeks during treatment. ResultThe total effective rate in the observation group was higher (Z=-2.052,P<0.05). The observation group had lower 24 h UTP and higher ALB at each follow-up time point than the control group(P<0.05,P<0.01). At four weeks,eight weeks,and 16 weeks of treatment,there was no statistically significant difference in CHO between the observation group and the control group,and the observation group was lower than the control group in CHO at the rest of the time points (P<0.05,P<0.01). For TG, the observation group was not significantly different from the control group at four weeks,eight weeks,16 weeks,and 40 weeks of treatment,but lower at 24,32,and 52 weeks (P<0.05,P<0.01). The total treatment course of hormones in the observation group was shorter(P<0.01), with less total accumulation(P<0.01). At different follow-up time points,the total score of traditional Chinese medicine quality of life scale in the observation group was superior to that in the control group(P<0.05,P<0.01),and the scores of the observation group in the four dimensions (physiological function,independent factor,social factor,and psychological factor) after treatment were higher than those in the control group(P<0.05,P<0.01). ConclusionYHQ under sequential syndrome differentiation has a definite clinical effect in treating children with refractory nephrotic syndrome. It has advantages in shortening the total course of hormone treatment and reducing the total accumulation of hormones,and can improve the quality of life of children with refractory nephrotic syndrome.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940393

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the therapeutic effects of the combined therapy of lung and intestine, a common treatment for pulmonary diseases in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), on bronchial asthma mice, and further detect the changes of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) signaling pathway-related proteins which are closely related to the pathogenesis of asthma, in order to elucidate the mechanism of the combined therapy of lung and intestine in the treatment of bronchial asthma. MethodA total of 60 Kunming mice were randomly divided into normal group, model group, dexamethasone group (0.5 mg·kg-1·d-1), TCM group (2.73 g·kg-1·d-1), and lung-intestine treatment group (6.825 g·kg-1·d-1), 12 mice in each group. All mice except the normal group were sensitized by ovalbumin to induce bronchial asthma. After 30 days of intragastric administration, serum and lung tissue samples were obtained. The content of VIP, interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in the serum of mice in each group was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The mRNA levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and p38 MAPK in lung tissues of mice were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), and the protein levels of TNF-α, IL-6, p38 MAPK, and phosphorylated p38 MAPK (p-p38 MAPK) in lung tissues of mice were assayed by Western blot (WB). ResultCompared with the normal group, the model group showed decreased content of serum VIP (P<0.05), increased content of TNF-α and IL-6 (P<0.05), up-regulated mRNA levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and p38 MAPK, and elevated protein levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and p-p38 MAPK/p38 MAPK in lung tissues (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the treatment groups exhibited increased content of serum VIP, TNF-α, and IL-6 (P<0.05), down-regulated mRNA levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and p38 MAPK, and lower protein levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and p-p38 MAPK/p38 MAPK in lung tissues (P<0.05). As compared with the lung-intestine treatment group, the serum TNF-α and IL-6 levels in the dexamethasone group were increased (P<0.05), and the mRNA and protein levels of TNF-α and IL-6 in lung tissues were down-regulated (P<0.05), while the levels of p38 MAPK, VIP mRNA, and p-p38 MAPK/p38 MAPK protein in lung tissues were up-regulated (P<0.05). The serum VIP, TNF-α, and IL-6 levels in the TCM group were decreased (P<0.05), and the mRNA levels of TNF-α, IL-6, p38 MAPK and protein levels of TNF-α, IL-6, p-p38 MAPK/p38 MAPK in lung tissues were up-regulated (P<0.05), while the level of VIP mRNA in lung tissues was down-regulated (P<0.05). ConclusionThrough increasing endogenous VIP and inhibiting the excessive activation of p38 MAPK signaling pathway, the combined therapy of lung and intestine can reduce the release of inflammatory factors, inhibit pulmonary inflammation response, and treat bronchial asthma.

9.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1179-1184, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940103

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the current situation and associated factors of cellphone usage and addiction among Chinese children and adolescents, to provide reference for effective prevention and intervention of cellphone addiction.@*Methods@#Using a stratified random sampling approach, 11 213 children and adolescents and their parents from 31 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions in China were recruited and surveyed.@*Results@#The median of daily mobile phone use time among Chinese children and adolescents were 120.00 minutes, as reported by either children or parents. Child s age( β =0.12), hedonic( β =0.11) and social( β =0.09) cellphone use motivations positively related to time spent on cellphone( P <0.01). Cellphone related parental communication( β =-0.06) and knowledge( β =-0.03), as well as cellphone usage on instrumental( β =-0.04) or self representation( β =-0.16) motivation negatively related to time spent on cellphone( P <0.05). Child s age( β =-0.04), cellphone related parental communication( β =-0.09) and awareness( β =-0.14), cellphone use on instrumental motivation( β =-0.22) were negatively associated with cellphone addiction among children and adolescents( P <0.05). Cellphone related parental monitoring( β =0.07), as well as cellphone usage on self representation motivation( β =0.03) or hedonic motivation( β =0.29) positively related to cellphone addiction in children and adolescents( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Time spent on mobile phone and mobile phone addiction of Chinese children and adolescents are influenced by various internal and external factors, such as the mobile phone use motivation and parenting style.Future school education should help children develop scientific motivation for mobile phone use. Family education should help parents develop positive parenting behaviors such as communication and awareness, so as to reduce the possibility of improper mobile phone use.

10.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 432-441, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939903

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the influence of electroacupuncture (EA) on ghrelin and the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B/endothelial nitric oxide synthase (PI3K/Akt/eNOS) signaling pathway in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs).@*METHODS@#Eight Wistar-Kyoto rats were used as the healthy blood pressure (BP) control (normal group), and 32 SHRs were randomized into model group, EA group, EA plus ghrelin group (EA + G group), and EA plus PF04628935 group (a potent ghrelin receptor blocker; EA + P group) using a random number table. Rats in the normal group and model group did not receive treatment, but were immobilized for 20 min per day, 5 times a week, for 4 continuous weeks. SHRs in the EA group, EA + G group and EA + P group were immobilized and given EA treatment in 20 min sessions, 5 times per week, for 4 weeks. Additionally, 1 h before EA, SHRs in the EA + G group and EA + P group were intraperitoneally injected with ghrelin or PF04628935, respectively, for 4 weeks. The tail-cuff method was used to measure BP. After the 4-week intervention, the rats were sacrificed by cervical dislocation, and pathological morphology of the abdominal aorta was observed using hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the levels of ghrelin, nitric oxide (NO), endothelin-1 (ET-1) and thromboxane A2 (TXA2) in the serum. Isolated thoracic aortic ring experiment was performed to evaluate vasorelaxation. Western blot was used to measure the expression of PI3K, Akt, phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt) and eNOS proteins in the abdominal aorta. Further, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was conducted to measure the relative levels of mRNA expression for PI3K, Akt and eNOS in the abdominal aorta.@*RESULTS@#EA significantly reduced the systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) (P < 0.05). HE staining showed that EA improved the morphology of the vascular endothelium to some extent. Results of ELISA indicated that higher concentrations of ghrelin and NO, and lower concentrations of ET-1 and TXA2 were presented in the EA group (P < 0.05). The isolated thoracic aortic ring experiment demonstrated that the vasodilation capacity of the thoracic aorta increased in the EA group. Results of Western blot and qRT-PCR showed that EA increased the abundance of PI3K, p-Akt/Akt and eNOS proteins, as well as expression levels of PI3K, Akt and eNOS mRNAs (P < 0.05). In the EA + G group, SBP and DBP decreased (P < 0.05), ghrelin concentrations increased (P < 0.05), and the concentrations of ET-1 and TXA2 decreased (P < 0.05), relative to the EA group. In addition, the levels of PI3K and eNOS proteins, the p-Akt/Akt ratio, and the expression of PI3K, Akt and eNOS mRNAs increased significantly in the EA + G group (P < 0.05), while PF04628935 reversed these effects.@*CONCLUSION@#EA effectively reduced BP and protected the vascular endothelium, and these effects may be linked to promoting the release of ghrelin and activation of the PI3K/Akt/eNOS signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Electroacupuncture , Ghrelin/pharmacology , Nitric Oxide/metabolism , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/pharmacology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase/pharmacology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Inbred SHR , Rats, Inbred WKY , Signal Transduction
11.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 328-334, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936014

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical effects of free transplantation of expanded thoracodorsal artery perforator flaps in reconstructing cervical cicatrix contracture deformity after burns. Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted. From May 2018 to April 2021, 11 patients with cervical cicatrix contracture deformity after burns who met the inclusion criteria were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University, including 3 males and 8 females, aged 5 to 46 years, with a course of cervical cicatrix contracture deformity of 5 months to 8 years. The degree of cervical cicatrix contracture deformity was degree Ⅰ in one patient, degree Ⅱ in nine patients, and degree Ⅲ in one patient. In the first stage, according to the sizes of neck scars, one rectangular skin and soft tissue expander (hereinafter referred to as expander) with rated capacity of 200 to 600 mL was placed in the back. The expansion time was 4 to 12 months with the total normal saline injection volume being 3.0 to 3.5 times of the rated capacity of expander. In the second stage, free expanded thoracodorsal artery perforator flaps with areas of 10 cm×7 cm to 24 cm×13 cm were cut out to repair the wounds with areas of 9 cm×6 cm to 23 cm×12 cm which was formed after cervical cicatectomy. The main trunk of thoracodorsal artery and vein were selected for end-to-end anastomosis with facial artery and vein, and the donor sites were directly closed. The survival of flaps and healing of flap donor sites were observed on the 14th day post surgery. The appearances and cicatrix contracture deformity of the flaps, recovery of cervical function, and scar hyperplasia of donor sites were followed up. Results: On the 14th day post surgery, the flaps of ten patients survived, while ecchymosis and epidermal necrosis occurred in the center of flap of one patient and healed 2 weeks after dressing change. On the 14th day post surgery, the flap donor sites of 11 patients all healed well. During the follow-up of 6-12 months post surgery, the flaps of ten patients were similar to the skin around the recipient site in texture and color, while the flap of one patient was slightly swollen. All of the 11 patients had good recovery of cervical function and no obvious scar hyperplasia nor contracture in the flaps or at the donor sites. Conclusions: Application of expanded thoracodorsal artery perforator flaps can restore the appearance and function of the neck, and cause little damage to the donor site in reconstructing the cervical cicatrix contracture deformity after burns, which is worthy of clinical reference and application.


Subject(s)
Arteries , Burns/surgery , Cicatrix/surgery , Contracture/surgery , Female , Humans , Hyperplasia , Male , Perforator Flap , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Skin Transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome
12.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 266-275, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936004

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of exosomes from human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) on pulmonary vascular endothelial cells (PMVECs) injury in septic mice and its mechanism. Methods: The experimental research method was adopted. The primary ADSCs were isolated and cultured from the discarded fresh adipose tissue of 3 patients (female, 10-25 years old), who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University undergoing abdominal surgery, and the cell morphology was observed by inverted phase contrast microscope on the 5th day. The expressions of CD29, CD34, CD44, CD45, CD73, and CD90 of ADSCs in the third passage were detected by flow cytometry. The third to the fifth passage of ADSCs were collected, and their exosomes from the cell supernatant were obtained by differential ultracentrifugation, and the shape, particle size, and the protein expressions of CD9, CD63, tumor susceptibility gene 101 (TSG101), and β-actin of exosomes were detected, respectively, by transmission electron microscopy, nano-particle tracking analysis and Western blotting. Twenty-four adult male BALB/c mice were adopted and were divided into normal control group, caecal ligation perforation (CLP) alone group, and CLP+ADSC-exosome group with each group of 8 according to random number table (the same grouping method below) and were treated accordingly. At 24 h after operation, tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) and interleukin 1β (IL-1β) levels of mice serum were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and lung tissue morphology of mice was detected by hematoxylin-eosin and myeloperoxidase staining, and the expression of 8-hydroxy-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) of mouse lung cells was detected by immunofluorescence method. Primary PMVECs were obtained from 1-month-old C57 mice regardless gender by tissue block method. The expression of CD31 of PMVECs was detected by immunofluorescence and flow cytometry. The third passage of PMVECs was co-cultured with ADSCs derived exosomes for 12 h, and the phagocytosis of exosomes by PMVECs was detected by PKH26 kit. The third passage of PMVECs were adopted and were divided into blank control group, macrophage supernatant alone group, and macrophage supernatant+ADSC-exosome group, with 3 wells in each group, which were treated accordingly. After 24 h, the content of reactive oxygen species in cells was detected by flow cytometry, the expression of 8-OHdG in cells was detected by immunofluorescence, and Transwell assay was used to determine the permeability of cell monolayer. The number of samples in above were all 3. Data were statistically analyzed with one-way analysis of variance and least significant difference t test. Results: The primary ADSCs were isolated and cultured to day 5, growing densely in a spindle shape with a typical swirl-like. The percentages of CD29, CD44, CD73 and CD90 positive cells of ADSCs in the third passage were all >90%, and the percentages of CD34 and CD45 positive cells were <5%. Exosomes derived from ADSCs of the third to fifth passages showed a typical double-cavity disc-like structure with an average particle size of 103 nm, and the protein expressions of CD9, CD63 and TSG101 of exosomes were positive, while the protein expression of β-actin of exosomes was negative. At 24 h after operation, compared with those in normal control group, both the levels of TNF-α and IL-1β of mice serum in CLP alone group were significantly increased (with t values of 28.76 and 29.69, respectively, P<0.01); compared with those in CLP alone group, both the content of TNF-α and IL-1β of mice serum in CLP+ADSC-exosome group was significantly decreased (with t values of 9.90 and 4.76, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01). At 24 h after surgery, the pulmonary tissue structure of mice in normal control group was clear and complete without inflammatory cell infiltration; compared with those in normal control group, the pulmonary tissue edema and inflammatory cell infiltration of mice in CLP alone group were more obvious; compared with those in CLP alone group, the pulmonary tissue edema and inflammatory cell infiltration of mice in CLP+ADSC-exosome group were significantly reduced. At 24 h after operation, endothelial cells in lung tissues of mice in 3 groups showed positive expression of CD31; compared with that in normal control group, the fluorescence intensity of 8-OHdG positive cells of the lung tissues of mice in CLP alone group was significantly increased, and compared with that in CLP alone group, the fluorescence intensity of 8-OHdG positive cells in the lung tissues of mice in CLP+ADSC-exosome group was significantly decreased. The PMVECs in the 3rd passage showed CD31 positive expression by immunofluorescence, and the result of flow cytometry showed that CD31 positive cells accounted for 99.5%. At 12 h after co-culture, ADSC-derived exosomes were successfully phagocytose by PMVECs and entered its cytoplasm. At 12 h after culture of the third passage of PMVECs, compared with that in blank control group, the fluorescence intensity of reactive oxygen species of PMVECs in macrophage supernatant alone group was significantly increased (t=15.73, P<0.01); compared with that in macrophage supernatant alone group, the fluorescence intensity of reactive oxygen species of PMVECs in macrophage supernatant+ADSC-exosome group was significantly decreased (t=4.72, P<0.01). At 12 h after culture of the third passage of PMVECs, and the 8-OHdG positive fluorescence intensity of PMVECs in macrophage supernatant alone group was significantly increased; and compared with that in blank control group, the 8-OHdG positive fluorescence intensity of PMVECs in macrophage+ADSC-exosome supernatant group was between blank control group and macrophage supernatant alone group. At 12 h after culture of the third passage PMVECs, compared with that in blank control group, the permeability of PMVECs monolayer in macrophage supernatant alone group was significantly increased (t=6.34, P<0.01); compared with that in macrophage supernatant alone group, the permeability of PMVECs monolayer cells in macrophage supernatant+ADSC-exosome group was significantly decreased (t=2.93, P<0.05). Conclusions: Exosomes derived from ADSCs can ameliorate oxidative damage in mouse lung tissue, decrease the level of reactive oxygen species, 8-OHdG expression, and permeability of PMVECs induced by macrophage supernatant.


Subject(s)
Animals , Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Exosomes/metabolism , Female , Humans , Lung Injury/metabolism , Male , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Mice , Sepsis/pathology
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935807

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the survival status and its influencing factors of occupational pneumoconiosis patients in Shizuishan City, and to analyze the disease burden of occupational pneumoconiosis and its trend, so as to provide scientific basis for formulating comprehensive prevention and treatment measures of occupational pneumoconiosis. Methods: A retrospective survey was conducted during July to December 2020 to explore the survival status of occupational pneumoconiosis patients who had been reported from 1963 to 2020 in Shizuishan City. The Kaplan-Meier method and Life-table method were used for survival analysis, and Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors of survival time. The disability adjusted life years (DALY) was applied to analyze the disease burden of occupational pneumoconiosis and its temporal trend. Results: From 1963 to 2020, a total of 3263 cases of occupational pneumoconiosis were reported in Shizuishan City, of which 1467 died, so that the fatality rate was 44.96%. The median survival time was 26.71 years, average age of death was (70.55±10.92) years old. There were significant differences in the survival rates of occupational pneumoconiosis patients among different types, diagnosis age, exposure time, industry, initial diagnosis stage and whether upgraded (P<0.05) . As the survival time increased, the survival rate of patients decreased gradually. When the survival time was ≥50 years, the cumulative survival rate of patients was 4.20%. Cox regression analysis suggested that the type of pneumoconiosis, industry, diagnosis age, exposure time, initial diagnosis stage and whether upgraded were the influencing factors for the survival time of patients with occupational pneumoconiosis (P<0.05) . The total DALY attributable to occupational pneumoconiosis from 1963 to 2020 in Shizuishan City was 48026.65 person years, of which the years of life lost (YLL) was 15155.39 person years, and the average YLL was 10.33 years/person, and the years lost due to disability (YLD) was 32871.26 person years, and the average YLD was 10.07 years/person. The DALY attributed to coal worker's pneumoconiosis and silicosis were 39408.51 person years and 6565.02 person years, respectively, and they accounted for 82.06% and 13.67% of the total disease burden in Shizuishan City, respectively. The DALY caused by occupational pneumoconiosis in the age group of 40-49 years old and the first diagnosis of stage I occupational pneumoconiosis were higher, which were 20899.71 and 36231.97 person years, respectively. The average YLL and average YLD showed a volatility downtrend over time. Conclusion: The disease burden of occupational pneumoconiosis cannot be ignored in Shizuishan City, and timely targeted measures should be taken for key populations and key industries. It is recommended that life-cycle health management and hierarchical medical should be taken to improve the life quality of patients and prolong their lifes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anthracosis , China/epidemiology , Coal Mining , Cost of Illness , Humans , Middle Aged , Pneumoconiosis/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies
14.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 69-73, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934630

ABSTRACT

Due to the high incidence and fatality rate of lung cancer, more and more attention is paid to the treatment model of lung cancer. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for about 4/5 of the total number of lung cancer patients, and the combination of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) and echinoderm microtubule-associated protein-like 4 (EML4) is found in 3%-7% of all cases. The treatment is mainly targeted therapy. The known targeted drugs for ALK fusion-positive NSCLC have been studied for the fourth generation, providing patients with a variety of medication options; in particular, the research on the fourth-generation drugs TPX-0131 and NUV-655 has brought new hopes to the majority of third-generation targeted drug-resistant patients. At present, China is also working hard to develop new domestic inhibitors, which will provide new drug options for Chinese patients with ALK-positive advanced NSCLC. This article will review its targeted therapy and the latest research, hoping to provide a reference for targeted drug selection.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934033

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the potential molecular mechanisms of liver cancer cell-derived secretory autophagosomes, extracellular vesicles expressing LC3B (LC3B + EVs), in promoting the exhaustion of CD8 + T cells. Methods:The proportions of LC3B + EVs and PD-1 + CD8 + T cells in peripheral blood and ascites of liver cancer patients were measured by flow cytometry. Spearman correlation test was used to analyze the correlation between the proportions of LC3B + EVs and PD-1 + CD8 + T cells. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from healthy donors were treated with LC3B + EVs or heat shock protein 90α (HSP90α) blocking antibody-pretreated LC3B + EVs for 72 h in the presence of αCD3/CD28 antibodies and IL-2 in vitro. The proportions of PD-1 + CD8 + T and IFN-γ + CD8 + T cells and the concentrations of IL-2, TNF-α and IFN-γ in the supernatants were all detected by flow cytometry. Results:The proportions of LC3B + EVs and HSP90α + LC3B + EVs in plasma and ascites from liver cancer patients were significantly higher than those in healthy control group and non-cancerous ascites group. The level of plasma LC3B + EVs, especially HSP90α + LC3B + EVs, was significantly correlated with the percentage of exhausted PD-1 + CD8 + T cells. In addition, LC3B + EVs from human liver cancer cells up-regulated the percentage of exhausted CD8 + T cells in vitro. However, LC3B + EVs pretreated with HSP90α blocking antibody could significantly inhibit LC3B + EVs-induced CD8 + T cell exhaustion. Conclusions:Liver cancer cell-derived LC3B + EVs could effectively induce CD8 + T cell exhaustion mainly through the membrane-bound HSP90α.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933334

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the optimization efficacy of low-dose esketamine combined with propofol in the patients with major depressive disorder undergoing modified electroconvulsive therapy (MECT).Methods:Fifty-six American Society of Anesthesiologists physical statusⅠor Ⅱ patients, aged 18-64 yr, scheduled for MECT for the first time, were assigned into esketamine plus propofol group (group EP, n=28) and propofol group (group P, n=28) according to a ratio of 1∶1 by the random number table method.Esketamine 0.25 mg/kg was intravenously injected before anesthesia induction in group EP, while the equal volume of normal saline was given instead in group P. Propofol and succinylcholine were then intravenously injected to perform MECT in two groups.The primary outcomes were the remission rate and response rate, and the secondary outcomes included the number of MECT required for response and remission, the seizure duration, energy inhibition index and consumption of propofol for each MECT, and the occurrence of therapy-related adverse reactions and relapse. Results:Compared with group P, the remission rate and response rate were significantly increased, and the number of MECT required for response and remission was decreased, the seizure duration was prolonged, and energy inhibition index was increased, the consumption of propofol was reduced ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the incidence of therapy-related adverse reactions and relapse in group EP ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Low-dose esketamine combined with propofol can enhance the efficacy of MECT and shorten the course of therapy without increasing therapy-related adverse reactions in the patients with major depression.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932975

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the related factors affecting the inter-arm systolic blood pressure difference (IASBPD) in a physical examination population.Methods:A total of 3 600 adults who underwent physical examination and completed the arteriosclerosis test in the first affiliated hospital of Anhui medical university from January 2019 to June 2021 were selected as the participants by systematic sampling method. Data on age, sex, and history of smoking, heavy drinking, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, and coronary heart disease were recorded. The height, weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, total muscle, total fat and body fat ratio were measured, and body mass index was calculated. The blood pressure of the limbs, ankle brachial index (ABI) were measured synchronously with the arteriosclerosis tester of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the IASBPD were calculated. According to the IASBPD value, the participants were divided into two groups: IASBPD<10 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) group and IASBPD≥10 mmHg group, The differences between the two groups were compared, and the related influencing factors of IASBPD were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression.Results:Weight, body mass index, waist circumference, hip circumference, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, total muscle, total fat, body fat rate, history of hypertension, proportion of type 2 diabetes mellitus, and proportion of history of coronary heart disease in the IASBPD≥10 mmHg group was higher than that of IASBPD<10 mmHg group [(69.1±11.2) vs (65.3±10.8) kg, (25.6±3.4) vs (24.4±3.3) kg/m 2, (91.3±11.3) vs (87.8±10.6) cm, (98.5±10.4) vs (96.5±9.8) cm, (139.7±20.0) vs (129.7±17.6) mmHg, (80.3±11.6) vs (76.7±10.1) mmHg, (47.5±9.1) vs (45.3±8.8) kg, (19.4±7.0) vs (17.6±6.4) kg, (27.9%±8.5%) vs (26.8%±8.1%), 41.1% vs 29.3%, 16.6% vs 11.7%, 13.1% vs 7.3%] (all P<0.05); ABI was lower than that in IASBPD<10 mmHg group [(1.15±0.11) vs (1.20±0.09)] ( P<0.001). There were no significant differences in height, smoking history and heavy drinking history between the two groups (all P>0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age, systolic blood pressure, body weight and ABI were independent influencing factors of IASBPD≥10 mmHg. Age, systolic blood pressure and body weight were positively correlated with IASBPD≥10 mmHg, while ABI was negatively correlated with IASBPD≥10 mmHg. Conclusion:Increases in age, systolic blood pressure, and body weight and a decrease in ABI are important influencing factors leading to the elevation of IASBPD.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931338

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct an evaluation index system of teaching accomplishment of nursing part-time teachers and to provide a scientific standard for objectively evaluating the teaching level of nursing part-time teachers.Methods:Through literature analysis and semi-structured interview to screen indicators, Delphi method was used to conduct 2 rounds of letter consultation among 25 experts from all over the country, and an evaluation index system of teaching accomplishment of nursing part-time teachers was established. SPSS 22.0 software was used for data statistical analysis, and the weight of each index was determined by the precedence chart method.Results:The evaluation index system consists of 3 first-level indexes, 14 second-level indexes and 42 third-level indexes, including teaching knowledge, teaching ability and teaching quality.Conclusion:The evaluation index of teaching accomplishment of nursing part-time teachers is suitable for evaluating the teaching knowledge, ability and quality of nursing part-time teachers.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930866

ABSTRACT

Ureaplasma is an opportunistic pathogen with a high population carrying rate.Maternal ureaplasma infection is related to adverse pregnancy outcomes such as premature birth etc.Ureaplasma infection in neonates can cause central nervous system inflammation and eventually lead to poor nervous system prognosis.Although the incidence of invasive central nervous system infection in newborns is low, due to the presence of immune escape in the body, atypical clinical manifestations after ureaplasma infection, and insensitivity to routine detection methods, the central ureaplasma infection in newborns is often unable to diagnose and treat properly in time, so it can easily lead to delayed treatment, which can lead to serious complications.This review aimed to explain the pathogenesis, clinical manifestations and complications of central nervous system inflammation caused by ureaplasma infection, and share diagnosis methods, as well as successful treatment experience in related cases, so as to provide the basis for early diagnosis and reasonable treatment, thereby reducing the occurrence of adverse neurological outcomes caused by ureaplasma infection.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930860

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the status of pediatric intensive care unit(PICU) in general hospitals, children′s hospitals and hospitals for maternal and child health care in China, and provide the basis for standardizing and improving the construction of the PICUs.Methods:The survey was a multicenter, cross-sectional study about the PICU among 126 hospitals in Chinese mainland conducted by online questionnaire from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2014.Results:In PICUs at general hospitals, children′s hospitals, and hospitals for maternal and child health care, the median number of beds was 14.5, 27.0 and 15.0, respectively, and the median doctor/bed ratio was 0.47, 0.43 and 0.44, respectively.PICUs in three types of hospitals were equipped with monitors and ventilators, and the expansion rate of invasive ventilators was 100%.The proportion of PICU with national continuing education classes, the development rate of two-stage resident training programs and regular examinations for critical care professionals in children′s hospitals was 67% and 75%, respectively, which were much higher than those at general hospitals(20%, 50%) and hospitals for maternal and child health care(30%, 45%), the differences were statistically significant( P<0.05). The year-round median bed utilization rate was more than 85%, especially for children′s hospital, which reached to 100%. Conclusion:In PICUs, the number of beds cannot meet the clinical needs, and the number of medical staff is insufficient.Compared with PICUs of general hospitals and hospitals for maternal and child health care, PICUs in children′s hospitals are more comprehensive in equipment configuration, personnel training and assessment system.

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