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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912452

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the sex-, age-and season-specific (month) reference intervals (RI) for thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) measurement by big data and indirect method in adults.Methods:TSH data of anonymous patients were collected from Beijing Chaoyang Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University in 2016, the data were selected and outliers were removed. Indirect methods (Hoffmann method and Bhattacharya method) were used to calculate TSH reference intervals of whole population, different genders, ages and seasons (months). TSH RI from two indirect methods of total population, selected population, physical examination population was compared with RI from reagent instruction according to reference change value ( RCV) based on biological variability. Results:A total of 61 599 records were obtained from 90 699 records including 18 776 males and 42 823 females. The TSH RI were obtained by Hoffmann method: the whole population, 0.59-5.59 μIU/ml (1 μIU/ml=1 mIU/L), male, 0.53-5.16 μIU/ml, female, 0.59-6.11 μIU/ml. The upper limits of TSH RI were higher with age and in winter (January): 18-30 years old, 0.62-5.57 μIU/ml, 71-80 years old, 0.49-6.45 μIU/ml; January, 0.59-6.40 μIU/ml, August, 0.60-5.56 μIU/ml; The RI of TSH by Bhattacharya method: the whole population, 0.58-5.80 μIU/ml, male, 0.55-5.02 μIU/ml, female, 0.62-6.21 μIU/ml. The upper limits of TSH RI were also higher with age and in winter (January): 18-30 years old, 0.65-5.67 μIU/ml, 71-80 years old, 0.46-5.99 μIU/ml, January: 0.61-6.52 μIU/ml, August: 0.61-5.69 μIU/ml. Compared to RI from reagent instruction, the differences of TSH RI from two indirect methods of total population, selected population, physical examination population were acceptable.Conclusions:TSH RI was established by indirect method. With the increase of age and winter, the upper limit of TSH reference interval tends to increase.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912379

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the safety and effectiveness of targeted navigation laser with continuous wave threshold power in the treatment of chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CCSC).Methods:A retrospective clinical study. From November 2018 to June 2020, 28 eyes of 28 patients with CCSC diagnosed in the Eye Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were included in the study. Among them, there were 17 males with 17 eyes and 11 females with 11 eyes; all of them had a monocular disease. The average age of the patients was 36.24±5.14 years, and the average course of the diseases was 4.7±1.3 months. All affected eyes underwent best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), fluorescein fundus angiography, fundus autofluorescence, frequency domain optical coherence tomography and angiography, multifocal electroretinogram (mf-ERG) and micro field inspection. BCVA was carried out using the international standard visual acuity chart, which was converted into the logarithmic minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) visual acuity during statistics. A targeted navigation laser system was used for continuous wave power therapy under the threshold. Two weeks and 1, 3 months after treatment, the same equipment and methods as before treatment were used to perform related examinations to observe the BCVA, subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT), foveal retinal thickness (CMT), the mean light sensitivity (MS) in the 10° range of the macular center, and the amplitude density of P 1 wave at ring 1 and 2. The t test was used to compare CMT, SFCT, retinal amplitude density and MS before and after treatment. Results:Before treatment and 2 weeks, 1 and 3 months after treatment, the average logMAR BCVA of the eyes were 0.74±0.16, 0.57±0.16, 0.22±0.05, 0.21±0.06, and the average CMT was 512.33±31.56, 350.40±36.61, 256.49±22.38, 253.45±23.65 μm respectively, the average SFCT was 462.82±25.38, 462.37±39.54, 461.51±29.36, 461.25±34.55 μm, the average MS was 16.32±5.41, 17.53±4.23, 19.52±4.12, 21.35±2.77 dB respectively. At different times before and after treatment, BCVA ( t=6.52, 5.71, 6.01; P=0.00, 0.00, 0.00), CMT ( t=3.08, 6.57, 4.90; P=0.01, 0.00, 0.00), SFCT ( t=7.01, 6.54, 4.85; P=0.08, 0.07, 0.17), MS ( t=6.17, 4.25, 5.46; P=0.02, 0.00, 0.00), the difference was statistically significant. The amplitude density of P 1 wave at ring 1 in the affected eye was 64.37±18.25, 85.31±13.98, 98.35±14.52, 98.40±22.17 nV/deg 2, and the amplitude density of P 1 wave at ring2 was 36.12±18.32, 44.02±17.15, 62.35±14.85, 63.17±15.79 nV/deg 2. The amplitude density of P 1 wave at ring 1 ( t=5.11, 9.03, 4.27; P=0.03, 0.00, 0.00) and ring 2 ( t=5.11, 9.03, 4.27; P=0.03, 0.00, 0.00) before and after treatment showed statistical significance. Conclusion:Targeted navigation laser continuous wave threshold power treatment for CCSC can increase the BCVA, macular retinal amplitude density and macular foveal MS, and reduce CMT and SFCT.

3.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1017-1021, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909659

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically evaluate the efficacy of epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) combined with radiotherapy in the treatment of lung adenocarcinoma with central nervous system (CNS) metastasis.Methods:PubMed, EMBASE, Medline, Cochrane Library, clinical trials and other databases were searched to collect the clinical control studies of EGFR-TKI combined with radiotherapy versus EGFR-TKI or radiotherapy alone in the treatment of lung adenocarcinoma with CNS metastasis published at home and abroad from January 2012 to April 2019. After evaluating the data, Revman 5.3 software was used for meta-analysis.Results:10 studies involving 1 379 participants were included. The results indicated that compared with EGFR-TKI or radiotherapy alone, EGFR-TKI plus radiotherapy had a significant benefit on overall response rate (ORR) [ OR: 3.81, 95% CI(1.73, 8.39); P<0.01], overall survival (OS) [ HR: 0.60, 95% CI(0.41, 0.89); P=0.01], neurological progression free survival (nPFS) [ HR: 0.65, 95% CI(0.46, 0.91); P=0.01] compared with EGFR-TKI or radiotherapy alone. Conclusions:EGFR-TKI plus radiotherapy had better ORR, OS, nPFS compared with TKI or radiotherapy alone.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907548

ABSTRACT

Caudal type homeobox transcription factor 2 (CDX2) is an enteric-specific nuclear transcription factor, which is mainly expressed in the small intestine and colorectum and not expressed in normal gastric mucosa. CDX2 is involved in the occurrence, development, invasion and metastasis of gastrointestinal tumors, and its expression state is related to the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of patients with gastrointestinal tumors. It is expected to provide a new idea for the diagnosis and treatment of gastrointestinal tumors by further studying the mechanism of CDX2 involvement in tumor genesis and development and its relationship with clinicopathological features and prognosis.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906047

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of Scutellariae Radix-Hedyotidis Herba on the proliferation of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells and the expression of interleukin-6(IL-6), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K),protein kinase B (Akt), p-protein kinase B (p-Akt), mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR), hypoxia-inducible factor-1<italic>α </italic>(HIF-1<italic>α</italic>), and Cyclin D<sub>1</sub> at the cellular level, and to explore their molecular mechanism. Method:Following the set-up of the blank group (complete medium), low-, moderate-,and high-dose (20, 40, and 60 mg·L<sup>-1</sup>) Scutellariae Radix-Hedyotidis Herba groups, and low-, moderate-, and high-dose (5, 10, and 20 mg·L<sup>-1</sup>) cisplatin groups, the cell were treated with the corresponding drugs for 24, 48, and 72 h for detecting their viability by tetrazolium bromide (MTT) colorimetry. A549 cells were then divided into the blank group, Scutellariae Radix-Hedyotidis Herba group, cisplatin group, and combined medication group and intervened with the<sup> </sup>complete medium, 40 mg·L<sup>-1 </sup>Scutellariae Radix-Hedyotidis Herba, 10 mg·L<sup>-1</sup> cisplatin, and 40 mg·L<sup>-1 </sup>Scutellariae Radix-Hedyotidis Herba + 10 mg·L<sup>-1 </sup>cisplatin, respectively, for 24, 48 and 72 h, followed by the measurement of inhibitory effects against the proliferation of A549 cells in each experimental group. The level of IL-6 in cell culture supernatant was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) after 72 h. The mRNA expression levels of HIF-1<italic>α</italic> and Cyclin D<sub>1</sub> in each group were assayed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), and the protein expression levels of PI3K, Akt, p-Akt, mTOR, HIF-1<italic>α</italic>, and Cyclin D<sub>1</sub> by Western blot. Result:After 24 h intervention, Scutellariae Radix-Hedyotidis Herba did not significantly inhibit the proliferation of A549 cells. However, 48 h later, the inhibitory effect in Scutellariae Radix-Hedyotidis Herba groups were significantly enhanced in comparison with that in the blank group (<italic>P</italic><0.05), exhibiting a time-dependent response. After 72 h of action, no significant change was present in the inhibitory effect of each Scutellariae Radix-Hedyotidis Herba group, so the optimal concentration of Scutellariae Radix-Hedyotidis Herba was set at 40 mg·L<sup>-1</sup> for follow-up experiments. As demonstrated by the comparison with the blank group, cisplatin at each concentration inhibited the cell proliferation in a time-dependent manner (<italic>P<</italic>0.05). Considering the cell survival rate, the best concentration of cisplatin was set at 10 mg·L<sup>-1</sup>. Compared with the blank group, Scutellariae Radix-Hedyotidis Herba combined with cisplatin remarkably inhibited the proliferation of A549 cells in a time-dependent manner (<italic>P<</italic>0.05), and the differences between the combined medication group and the other two groups became more significant after 72 h of medication (<italic>P<</italic>0.01). The IL-6 level in each experimental group, especially in the combined medication group, significantly declined in contrast to that in the blank group (<italic>P<</italic>0.01). The mRNA expression levels of HIF-1<italic>α</italic> and Cyclin D<sub>1</sub> in all experimental groups were obviously lower than those in the blank group, with the most significant changes observed in the combined medication group (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The protein expression levels of PI3K, p-Akt, mTOR, HIF-1<italic>α</italic>, and Cyclin D<sub>1</sub> in each experimental group was significantly down-regulated(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the levels in the combined medication group were even lower than those in the cisplatin group (<italic>P<</italic>0.01). Conclusion:Scutellariae Radix-Hedyotidis Herba has an inhibitory effect on the proliferation of A549 cells, which may be related to its inhibition against the expression and secretion of IL-6/PI3K/Akt/mTOR-HIF-1<italic>α</italic> axis.

6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 148-151, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837735

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To compare the consistency of IOL Master 700 with IOL Master 500 and A-mode ultrasound for biological measurements, and evaluate the measurements of IOL Master 700 in preoperative examinations of cataract patients. <p>METHODS:In this prospective study, a total of 52 patients(100 eyes)diagnosed as age-related cataract were selected at the Nanjing Medical University Eye Hospital. All the patients were examined in turn by IOL Master 700, IOL Master 500 and A-mode ultrasound. Measurements by these three instruments were compared for axial length(AL), corneal curvature(Km), central anterior chamber depth(ACD), white-to-white(W-W)and pupil diameter(P). The results were analyzed by one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation and Bland-Altman. <p>RESULTS: The detection rates of AL and ACD with IOL Master 700, IOL Master 500 and A-mode ultrasound were 98%, 87%, 99% and 100%, 99%, 99%; respectively. The detection of Km with IOL Master 700 and IOL Master 500 were 100%, 99%. The detection of W-W and P were both 99%. Among them, 24 eyes had high myopia, posterior scleral grape swelling and axial length ≥26mm. The detection of AL with IOL Master 700, IOL Master 500 and A-mode ultrasound were 96%, 79%, 96%. There was a significant difference in AL and ACD between three instruments(<i>F</i>=11.58, <i>P</i>=0.03; <i>F</i>=12.46, <i>P</i>=0.02). There were no significant differences in Km, W-W and P parameters among three instruments(all <i>P</i>>0.05). The average difference between three instruments for AL measurement: IOL Master 700 and IOL Master 500 was 0.05±0.12mm, IOL Master 700 and A-mode ultrasound was 0.16±0.14mm; The average difference between three instruments for AL measurement in axial length≥26mm: IOL Master 700 and IOL Master 500 was 0.17±0.16mm, IOL Master 700 and A-mode ultrasound was 0.55±0.22mm. The Pearson's correlation analysis showed that there was a high correlation between the measured results of each equipment. The consistency of AL results using Bland-Altman analysis showed there was good consistency in the range of 95% consistency.<p>CONCLUSION: There was high consistency in ocular biological measurements between three instruments in cataract eyes. However, the detection rate of IOL Master 700 in AL was higher than that of IOL Master 500, and the accuracy of the IOL Master 700 measurement was higher in the AL measurement in high myopia with posterior staphyloma. Compared with traditional examination equipment, IOL Master 700 has better penetration and accuracy to provide more accurate measurement parameters.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885995

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the intervention effect of auricular point sticking on dry eye in myopia patients after small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) surgery.Methods: This was a prospective randomized controlled study conducted among the myopia patients who received SMILE surgery at Eye and ENT Hospital of Fudan University. The post-SMILE operation patients who screened by the inclusion and exclusion criteria were randomized into a control group and a treatment group. Patients in the control group were given 0.1% fluorometholone and 0.5% carboxymethylcellulose sodium eye drops, while the treatment group was given additional unilateral auricular point sticking for 1 month. The patients were estimated using ocular surface disease index (OSDI), Schirmer tear test-1 (STT-1), tear film break-up time (TF-BUT), corneal fluorescein staining (CFS) score, corneal sensitivity (CS) and visual quality (VQ) at 1 d, 1 week and 1 month after surgery; the changes in anxiety and depression were also observed in the patients. Results: Compared with the first day after operation, CS in the nasal region was improved in the treatment group, and the VQ score increased in the control group patients at 1 week after operation (both P<0.05); at 1 month after operation, the TF-BUT increased, CFS score decreased, CS in the central and nasal regions increased (all P<0.05), and VQ score increased (P<0.01) in the treatment group, and the CS in the central, upper, lower and nasal regions were improved (all P<0.05), and VQ score increased (P<0.01) in the control group. The between-group comparison showed that the differences in the change of TF-BUT were statistically significant at 1 week and 1 month after surgery, respectively (both P<0.05). Conclusion: Auricular point sticking therapy can increase the TF-BUT and accelerate the repair of ocular surface function in post-SMILE patients.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883663

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) activity and its clinical characteristics in patients with hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS). Methods:From January 2016 to August 2017, patients with HFRS who were hospitalized in the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University were routinely tested by EBV serology, and were divided into two groups according to their presence or absence of EBV infection, namely EBV active group and non-EBV active group. The clinical data between the two groups were compared and analyzed by SPSS 18.0.Results:A total of 188 HFRS patients were enrolled, including 73 cases in EBV active group and 115 cases in non-EBV active group. The EBV active rate of HFRS patients was 38.83% (73/188). The incidences of lumbago [57.53% (42/73) vs 42.61% (49/115)], abdominal pain [42.47% (31/73) vs 20.00% (23/115)], skin and mucosa congestion [57.53% (42/73) vs 39.13% (45/115)], and conjunctiva edema [50.68% (37/73) vs 28.70% (33/115)] in EBV active group were significantly higher than those in non-EBV active group (χ 2 = 3.983, 11.008, 6.083, 9.239, P < 0.05). There were 10, 7 and 43 patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) stage 1, 2 and 3 in EBV active group and 5, 13 and 53 patients in non-EBV active group. Degree of AKI in EBV active group was higher than that in non-EBV active group, and the difference was statistically significant (χ 2 = 12.615, P < 0.05). In EBV active group, the proportion of patients whose renal function recovery over 15 days [23.29% (17/73)] and white blood cell count [11.26 (3.39 ~ 54.23) × 10 9/L] were significantly higher than those in non-EBV active group [6.96% (8/115), 10.03 (2.91 ~ 66.99) × 10 9/L], and the differences were statistically significant (χ 2 = 10.330, Z = - 2.003, P < 0.05). Conclusion:HFRS patients may cause latent EBV activity, complicate their clinical features, cause severe renal damage and prolong the recovery time of renal function.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883104

ABSTRACT

The definition of visual impairment, the current status of visual impairment in the elderly, influencing factors related with visual impairment and management control modes are reviewed.There are three international standards of visual impairment including the WHO standard in 1972, the United States standard, and the WHO standard in 2003. The domestic standard is consistent with the WHO standard in 1972. Currently, with the global aging, the international and the Chinese situations of visual impairment are severe,and it is urgent to reduce the incidence of visual impairment. The visual impairment of the elderly is affected by various factors. A variety of management and control modes of visual impairment for the elderly have begun to bear fruit. The aim of the review is to provide the basis to screen for high-risk groups of visual impairment and provide timely intervention to reduce the prevalence of visual impairment in the older population.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882020

ABSTRACT

The severe acute syndrome coronavirus 2(SARS-CoV-2)is responsible for the global pandemic of 2019 novel coronavirus disease(COVID-19). Understanding the pathogenic mechanisms of SARS-CoV-2 is of great significance to the prevention and control of the COVID-19 epidemic. The spike(S)protein of SARS-CoV-2 is a major target of protective immunity. The mutations of S protein impact the transmission and pathogenic capacity of SARS-CoV-2. In addition, angiotensin-converting enzyme 2(ACE2)is the receptor of SARS-CoV-2 S protein and mediates viral entry into target cells. The genetic polymorphisms of the ACE2 gene may lead to the difference of incidence of COVID-19 among different populations. Protease can promote the infection of SARS-Cov-2 by activating the S protein. This review summarized the current understanding of the function and genetic variants of S protein, ACE2, and the related proteases. The synergistic effect of these three molecules on the susceptibility of SARS-CoV-2 infection was further discussed.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897926

ABSTRACT

Background@#The accessory tendon of the extensor hallucis longus (ATEHL) muscle is a common abnormal structure, and its clinical significance remains debatable. In this study, we provide the incidence of the ATEHL and characterize its morphological types in Asian cadavers and investigate its clinical applications. @*Methods@#The tendons from 50 adult cadaveric feet, fixed in 10% formalin, were analyzed. We measured the length and width of both the ATEHL and the extensor hallucis brevis (EHB). @*Results@#All dissected specimens had an ATEHL. The first metatarsophalangeal joint was surrounded by an accessory tendon that inserted onto the joint capsule and the dorsal base of the proximal phalanx. We classified the ATEHL into 3 types based on their directions. Differences in ATEHL type based on sex were not statistically significant. @*Conclusions@#We found an ATEHL in all cadaveric specimens in this study. We surmise that the ATEHL acts as an antagonist with the EHB when the toe is extending, which might help prevent the occurrence of hallux valgus deformity.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890222

ABSTRACT

Background@#The accessory tendon of the extensor hallucis longus (ATEHL) muscle is a common abnormal structure, and its clinical significance remains debatable. In this study, we provide the incidence of the ATEHL and characterize its morphological types in Asian cadavers and investigate its clinical applications. @*Methods@#The tendons from 50 adult cadaveric feet, fixed in 10% formalin, were analyzed. We measured the length and width of both the ATEHL and the extensor hallucis brevis (EHB). @*Results@#All dissected specimens had an ATEHL. The first metatarsophalangeal joint was surrounded by an accessory tendon that inserted onto the joint capsule and the dorsal base of the proximal phalanx. We classified the ATEHL into 3 types based on their directions. Differences in ATEHL type based on sex were not statistically significant. @*Conclusions@#We found an ATEHL in all cadaveric specimens in this study. We surmise that the ATEHL acts as an antagonist with the EHB when the toe is extending, which might help prevent the occurrence of hallux valgus deformity.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878436

ABSTRACT

Basal cell nevus syndrome (BCNS), also known as Gorlin-Goltz syndrome, is a rare autosomal dominant genetic disease. It is thought to be caused by a mutation in the PTCH1 gene, and its incidence is 1/57 000 to 1/256 000. The case of a 7-year-old patient with BCNS and Duchenne muscular dystrophy was reported in this paper.


Subject(s)
Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome/diagnosis , Child , Humans , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne , Mutation
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878317

ABSTRACT

Objective@#In the present study, the ABCA1 was used as a label to capture specific exosomes, the level of ABCA1-labeled exosomal microRNA-135a (miR-135a) was evaluated for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), especially in patients with early stages of AD.@*Methods@#This is a preliminary research focused on the levels of ABCA1 in WBCs, RBCs, HT-22 cells, and neuron cells. The diagnostic value of ABCA1-labeled exosomal miR-135a was examined using the CSF and serum of APP/PS1 double transgenic mice, and 152 patients with SCD, 131 patients with MCI, 198 patients with DAT, and 30 control subjects.@*Results@#The level of ABCA1 exosomes harvested from HT-22 cells and neuron culture medium was significantly higher compared to that of RBCs and WBCs ( @*Conclusion@#This study outlines a method to capture specific exosomes and detect them using immunological methods, which is more efficient for early diagnosis of AD.


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter 1/cerebrospinal fluid , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Alzheimer Disease/cerebrospinal fluid , Animals , Biomarkers/cerebrospinal fluid , Cell Line , Cognitive Dysfunction/cerebrospinal fluid , Erythrocytes/metabolism , Exosomes , Female , Humans , Leukocytes/metabolism , Male , Mice, Transgenic , MicroRNAs/blood , Neurons/metabolism
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799538

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the effect of olfactory training on mice with olfactory dysfunction induced by 3-methylindole (3-MI).@*Methods@#Thirty-one male BALB/c mice were randomly divided into 3 groups by random digits table: control group (group A, n=10), olfactory dysfunction group (group B, n=10) and olfactory dysfunction+olfactory training group (group C, n=11). Mice in group B and group C were intraperitoneally injected with 150 mg/kg 3-MI to induce olfactory dysfunction model, while mice in group A were intraperitoneally injected with corn oil of the same volume. From the first day after injection, mice in group C were treated with 4 kinds of odors by inhalation, while mice in group B were treated with distilled water by inhalation, with 2 times/d, 30 min/time/kind of odor, and continuous training for 28 d. Group A was not treated. Buried food pellet tests were conducted before injection and at 7, 14, 21 and 28 days after injection, respectively. The olfactory epithelium was harvested for observation of the number of olfactory marker protein (OMP) and the thickness of olfactory epithelium on the 28th day after injection. SPSS 23.0 software was used for statistical analysis.@*Results@#Before injection, all mice in each group had no olfactory dysfunction. At the 7th, 14th, 21st and 28th days after injection, the food finding time of mice in group C was shorter than that in group B, and the difference was statistically significant ((175.88±100.50) s vs (266.73±46.83) s, (132.00±84.62) s vs (264.10±48.50) s, (103.57±77.43) s vs (197.43±69.78) s, (67.79±32.54) s vs (176.63±61.06) s, all P<0.05), but food finding time of mice in group B and C was longer than that in group A (the food finding time of group A at the 7th, 14th, 21st and 28th days after injection was (27.13±5.36) s, (25.83±7.28) s, (23.13±2.72) s, (26.63±7.60) s, respectively, all P<0.05). At the 28th day after olfactory training, the number of OMP positive cells in group B and C were fewer than that in group A, and the difference was statistically significant ((108.00±28.19)/HP vs (288.22±84.06)/HP, (199.33±58.55)/HP vs (288.22±84.06)/HP, all P<0.05). The number of OMP positive cells in group C were higher than that in group B (P<0.05). The number of OMP positive cells had negative correlation with food finding time (r=-0.886, P<0.01). As for the thickness of the olfactory epithelium, the thickness of group B was thinner than that in group A and C, and the difference was statistically significant ((59.57±31.27) μm vs (114.55±40.70)μm vs (90.54±37.72) μm, all P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Olfactory training can accelerate the recovery of olfactory function in 3-MI-induced olfactory impaired mice.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868772

ABSTRACT

Objective To study protective and therapeutic measures to improve perioperative safety in extremely elderly patients with biliary diseases.Methods A retrospective case-control study was conducted.The clinical data of elderly patients with biliary diseases treated at the Department of General Surgery,Beijing Electric Power Hospital,from July 2013 to December 2018,were collected.According to age,the patients were divided into the high age (HA) group (≥80.0 years) and the middle-low age (MLA) group (60.0~79.0 years).The related indexes of perioperative safety such as preoperative coexisting diseases,functions of liver,kidney,heart and lung,surgical procedures,intraoperative blood loss,operation time,postoperative hospital stay and postoperative hospital stay were analyzed and compared between the two groups.Results Of the 372 included patients,there were 168 males and 204 females,aged 60.0 to 96.0 (72.0 ± 8.6) years.There were 69 elderly patients (37 males and 32 females) aged 80.0 to 96.0 (84.4 ±3.8) years in the HA group.There were 303 patients in the middle and lower age group (131 men and 172 women),aged 60.0 to 79.0(68.4 ±5.8) years (MLA group).(1) Preoperative coexisting diseases were significantly increased in the HA compared with the MLA group (all P < 0.05),including the proportion of coexisting coronary heart disease [34.8% (24/69) vs.18.5% (56/303)],hypertension [68.1% (47/69)vs.46.9% (142/303)],chronic bronchitis with emphysema [17.4% (12/69) vs.3.6% (11/303)],hypoproteinemia [39.1% (27/69) vs.26.7% (81/303)],and anemia [42.0% (29/69) vs.11.9% (36/303)].(2) Laboratory examinations:the functions of liver,kidney,heart,lung and blood coagulation were significantly worse in the HA compared with the MLA group (P < 0.05).(3) Surgical procedures:the proportion of open cholecystectomy with transcystic common bile duct exploration (OC + OTCBDE) was higher [17.4% (12/69) vs.6.9% (21/303)],while laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) was lower [43.5% (30/69) vs.62.7% (190/303)],in the HA compared with the MLA group (P <0.05,totally).(4) Operative effects:the intraoperative blood loss [30.0 (20.0,75.0) ml vs.20.0 (10.0,30.0) ml],operation time [90.0(72.5,137.5) min vs.77.0(55.0,115.0) min],postoperative hospital stay [10.0(6.0,18.0) d vs.7.0(4.0,11.0) d],and length of hospitalization [17.0(11.5,23.0) d vs.13.0(9.0,19.0) d] were significantly increased or prolonged in the HA compared with the MLA group (all P <0.05).(5) Postoperative complications:the incidence of postoperative complications was significantly higher [30.4% (21/69) vs.12.2% (37/303)] in the HA compared with the MLA group (P < 0.05).(6) Therapeutic outcomes:there was a cure rate of 95.7% (66/69) in the HA group,and 97.7% (296/303)in the MLA group.No significant difference in the therapeutic effects was found between the two groups (P > 0.05).Conclusions Operation in extremely elderly patients with biliary diseases is safe and feasible.The key is to take measures such as actively treating preoperative coexisting diseases,strictly mastering operative indications,reasonably selecting surgical procedures,accurately carrying out precise operation,strictly monitoring and dealing with intraoperative emergency,timely preventing and treating postoperative complications,and especially focusing on maintaining cardiopulmonary function during the perioperative period.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868075

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the distribution characteristics of atherosclerosis in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndromes (OSAS) by ultrasonography and explore the differences of intracranial and extracranial atherosclerosis lesions.Methods:From July 2016 to July 2019, 139 patients with OSAS confirmed by the department of neurology and/or respiratory of Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University were enrolled retrospectively. According to the results of polysomnography (PSG), patients were divided into 3 groups: mild degree (53 cases), moderate degree (35 cases) and severe degree (51 cases). Demographic parameters, distribution and the severity of atherosclerosis both in intracranial and extracranial arteries, and the incidence of ischemic stroke were compared among the three groups.Results:①Among 139 OSAS patients, there were more males (64.7%) than females (35.3%). Of all the risk factors for cerebrovascular diseases, the prevalence of hypertensin was the highest (50.4%), followed by hyperlipidemia (48.9%). The prevalences of hypertension and ischemic stroke, the body mass index (BMI) in severe OSAS group were higher than those in mild group (all P<0.017). ②The total detection rate of extracranial atherosclerosis (83.5%) was significantly higher than that of intracranial atherosclerosis (23.0%)( P<0.01). ③The extracranial atherosclerotic lesion with highest detection rate of was simple plaque formation (51.1%, 71/139 cases), and there was no significant difference in extracranial lesions among the three groups ( P=0.106). However, with the aggravation of OSAS degree, the stenosis degree of extracranial artery increased ( P=0.006), and there was a weak correlation between the severity of OSAS and the degree of extracranial artery stenosis ( r s=0.263, P=0.002). ④The incidence of middle cerebral artery stenosis accounted for 15.8%(22/139 cases) of intracranial arteries involved and there were no significant differences in the rate, degree and distribution of intracranial artery lesions among the three groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions:The detection rate of extracranial arterial lesions in OSAS patients is higher. With the aggravation of OSAS, the degree of atherosclerosis stenosis in extracranial arteries and the incidence of ischemic stroke trend to increase.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863481

ABSTRACT

Ovarian cancer has the characteristics of difficulty in early diagnosis, easy recurrence and resistance, so its mortality rate ranks first in gynecological tumors. Existing treatment methods such as surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy are not very effective, thus immunotherapy has emerged. Immune checkpoint programmed death-1 (PD-1) and its ligand PD-L1 can inhibit T cell proliferation and mediate tumor immune escape. At present, PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors have made breakthrough progress in a variety of solid tumors, and they have achieved initial efficacy in clinical treatment of ovarian cancer.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863122

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical and imaging features of Wallerian degeneration in adults with stroke.Methods:Adult stroke patients with Wallerian degeneration admitted to Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University from October 2018 to September 2019 were enrolled retrospectively. Combined with the related literature, the clinical and imaging features of Wallerian degeneration after stroke were investigated.Results:A total of 4 patients with Wallerian degeneration after stroke were enrolled, including 3 males and 1 female, aged 56-63 years. The main clinical symptoms were dysarthria ( n=3), poor physical activity ( n=3), dysphagia ( n=1), and dizziness ( n=1). The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score was 1-6. The initial MRI and CT findings after stroke were consistent with the diagnosis of acute cerebral infarction. During the follow-up of 3 to 7 months after the onset, MRI revealed Wallerian degeneration, which showed hyperintensities along nerve fibers on T 2 and Fluid-Attenuation Inversion Recovery (FLAIR) sequence images. Diffusion-Weighted Imaging (DWI) in almost all cases also found hyperintensities along nerve fibers. Conclusions:After acute stroke (including ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke) in the territory of the internal carotid artery, ipsilateral pyramidal tract damage may occur, affecting the long-term motor function of patients. After unilateral pontine stroke, bilateral pontine arm damage may occur, affecting ataxia and balance function of the patients. Wallerian degeneration after stroke is a special neurodegenerative process. Its imaging manifestations are similar to those of new cerebral infarction. Correct understanding of this phenomenon can avoid misdiagnosis.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2869-2882, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862289

ABSTRACT

In recent years, non-viral gene vectors have attracted great attention for efficient gene delivery due to the advantages, including low toxicity, low immunogenicity and simple preparation. Polyethylenimine (PEI) is one of the typical non-viral gene carriers that have been widely utilized for gene delivery owing to its superior capabilities in gene compression and buffering capacity. This article discusses the processes of gene delivery and the barriers of PEI-based carrier during the gene delivery, such as low biocompatibility, cytotoxicity, lack of specific targeting and insufficient gene release, etc. Therefore, we summarize the multiple approaches for the modifications of PEI in terms of improved biocompatibility, degradability, specific targeting and buffering capacity. Furthermore, we also review on the recent impressive progresses of smart stimuli-responsive PEI carriers, including endogenous stimuli (pH, reactive oxygen species, glutathione, biomolecular, etc), exogenous stimuli (light, temperature, magnetic field, etc) and dual-responsive strategies, which might provide guidance for the development of more efficient and safer non-viral gene vectors.

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