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1.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 369-374, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935156

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the therapeutic effects of alcohol septal ablation (ASA) in mildly symptomatic patients (NYHA class Ⅱ) with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy(HOCM). Methods: This retrospective study included 150 mildly symptomatic patients with HOCM hospitalized in Beijing Anzhen Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University from March 2001 to December 2017, consisting of medical therapy group (n=102) and ASA group (n=48). Baseline clinical data were collected, patients were followed up to a mean of 6.0 (3.5, 8.1) years. Overall and HCM-related mortality events (including chronic heart failure, atrial fibrillation related stroke, sudden cardiac death) were observed in the two groups. Moreover, the improvement of NYHA function classification and left ventricular outflow tract gradient (LVOTG) were also evaluated. Survival analysis was performed by Kaplan-Meier method. Results: Age of this cohort was (52.9±14.5)years, 92 cases(61.3%) were male. In the follow-up, LVOTG was reduced from (85.8±35.4)mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) to (27.7±19.8)mmHg (P<0.001) in the ASA group, and from (66.3±35.0)mmHg to (56.5±27.7)mmHg in medical therapy group(P<0.01). At the last clinical follow-up, there were 32 patients (66.7%) whose LVOTG were<30 mmHg, septal thickness decreased from (20.3±3.8)mm to (16.1±3.4)mm (P<0.001), NYHA classification was also remarkably improved (P<0.001). New-onset atrial fibrillation tended to be lower in the ASA group compared to medical therapy group (9.3%(4/43) vs. 20.8%(20/96),P=0.096). Eleven patients (10.8%) in the medical therapy group and 2 patients (4.2%) in the ASA group died during the follow-up. One patient received pacemaker during the peri-procedural period, 1 patient was implanted with two-chamber pacemaker due to Ⅲ° atrioventricular block at 10 years after operation in the ASA group. Survival free of all-cause mortality of ASA group at 5 and 10 years was 97.9% and 97.9%, respectively, which was comparable to the medical therapy group (P=0.231). Survival free of HCM-related mortality was similar between the two groups (P=0.397). Conclusions: Compared with medical therapy in mildly symptomatic patients with HOCM, long-term survival rate is similar after ASA. Meanwhile, ASA can remarkably reduce LVOTG and improve the clinical status of the patients. Therefore, ASA may be used as an alternative therapy for mildly symptomatic HOCM patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Atrial Fibrillation/drug therapy , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/therapy , Ethanol/therapeutic use , Heart Septum/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 763-770, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328158

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>There are limited data on longer-term outcomes (>5 years) for patients with unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) disease who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the drug-eluting stents (DES) era. This study aimed at comparing the long-term (>5 years) outcomes of patients with ULMCA disease underwent PCI with DES and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and the predictors of adverse events.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>All consecutive patients with ULMCA disease treated with DES implantation versus CABG in our center, between January 2003 and July 2009, were screened for analyzing. A propensity score analysis was carried out to adjust for potential confounding between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Nine hundred and twenty-two patients with ULMCA disease were enrolled for the analyses (DES = 465 vs. CABG = 457). During the median follow-up of 7.1 years (interquartile range 5.3-8.2 years), no difference was found between PCI and CABG in the occurrence of death (P = 0.282) and the composite endpoint of cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke (P = 0.294). Rates of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events were significantly higher in the PCI group (P = 0.014) in large part because of the significantly higher rate of repeat revascularization (P < 0.001). PCI was correlated with the lower occurrence of stroke (P = 0.004). Multivariate analysis showed ejection fraction (EF) (P = 0.012), creatinine (P = 0.016), and prior stroke (P = 0.031) were independent predictors of the composite endpoint of cardiac death, MI, and stroke in the DES group, while age (P = 0.026) and EF (P = 0.002) were independent predictors in the CABG group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>During a median follow-up of 7.1 years, there was no difference in the rate of death between PCI with DES implantation and CABG in ULMCA lesions in the patient cohort. CABG group was observed to have significantly lower rates of repeat revascularization but higher stroke rates compared with PCI. EF, creatinine, and prior stroke were independent predictors of the composite endpoint of cardiac death, MI, and stroke in the DES group, while age and EF were independent predictors in the CABG group.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Artery Bypass , Coronary Artery Disease , Therapeutics , Drug-Eluting Stents , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Stroke Volume
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2176-2182, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335637

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The SYNergy between percutaneous coronary intervention with TAXus and cardiac surgery Score II (SS-II) can well predict 4-year mortality in patients with complex coronary artery disease (CAD), and guide decision-making between coronary artery bypass graft surgery and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, there is lack of data regarding the utility of the SS-II in patients with three-vessel CAD undergoing PCI treated with second-generation drug-eluting stents (DES). The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the ability of the SS-II to predict long-term mortality in patients with three-vessel CAD undergoing PCI with second-generation DES.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally, 573 consecutive patients with de novo three-vessel CAD who underwent PCI with second-generation DES were retrospectively studied. According to the tertiles of the SS-II, the patients were divided into three groups: The lowest SS-II tertile (SS-II ≤20), intermediate SS-II tertile (SS-II of 21-31), and the highest SS-II tertile (SS-II ≥32). The survival curves of the different groups were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression analyses were performed to evaluate the relationship between the SS-II and 5-year mortality. The performance of the SS-II with respect to predicting the rate of mortality was studied by calculating the area under the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve. The predictive ability of the SS-II for 5-year mortality was evaluated and compared with the SS alone.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The overall SS-II was 27.6 ± 9.0. Among patients in the lowest, intermediate and the highest SS-II tertiles, the 5-year rates of mortality were 1.6%, 3.2%, and 8.6%, respectively (P = 0.003); the cardiac mortality rates were 0.5%, 1.9%, and 5.2%, respectively (P = 0.014). By multivariable analysis, adjusting for the potential confounders, the SS-II was an independent predictor of 5-year mortality (hazard ratio: 2.45, 95% confidence interval: 1.38-4.36; P = 0.002). The SS-II demonstrated a higher predictive accuracy for 5-year mortality compared with the SS alone (the area under the ROC curve was 0.705 and 0.598, respectively).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The SS-II is an independent predictor of 5-year mortality in patients with three-vessel CAD undergoing PCI treated with second-generation DES, and demonstrates a superior predictive ability over the SS alone.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Disease , Mortality , General Surgery , Drug-Eluting Stents , Follow-Up Studies , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Mortality , Retrospective Studies
4.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 563-567, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261496

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the relationship between estimated glomerular filtration rate level and clinical characteristics and outcome in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients with normal serum creatinine.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>A total of 548 hospitalized and angiographic CAD patients with normal fasting serum creatinine were enrolled. The kidney function was estimated by using the abbreviated modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD) study equation. Patients were divided into three groups according to eGFR tertiles: high eGFR group (eGFR > 88.15 ml×min(-1)×1.73 m(-2), n = 184); intermediate group ZU(70.30 ml× min(-1)×1.73 m(-2) < eGFR ≤ 88.15 ml×min(-1)×1.73 m(-2), n = 187); low eGFR group (eGFR ≤ 70.30 ml × min(-1)×1.73 m(-2), n = 177). Clinical data and cardiovascular risk factors were recorded after admission and during (14.02 ± 8.31) months follow up. The primary end point was combined major adverse cardiovascular and cerebral events (MACCE) including death, targeted vascular revascularization, non-fatal myocardial infarction, rehospitalization due to unstable angina and heart failure, and transient ischemic attack (TIA) and stroke.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Patients in intermediate and low eGFR groups were older, more males, had more severe coronary artery disease, higher level of hsCRP, higher incidence of hypertension, and lower smoking rate than those in high eGFR group (all P < 0.05). A total of 89 MACCE were recorded during follow up. The level of eGFR was significantly lower in patients with MACCE than patients without MACCE [(73.76 ± 19.81) ml×min(-1)×1.73 m(-2) vs. (84.97 ± 23.42) ml×min(-1)×1.73 m(-2), P < 0.05]. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that eGFR was an independent predictor of MACCE in patients with CAD (univariate analysis: RR = 0.99, 95%CI:0.973-0.997, P < 0.05; multivariate analysis: RR = 0.98, 95%CI:0.976-0.998, P < 0.05). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis suggested that patients with low eGFR was linked with a decreased event free survival ratio (log-rank χ(2) = 7.271, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>eGFR level in CAD patients with normal serum creatinine is associated with coronary artery severity, inflammation level and serves as an independent predictor for MACCE in this patient cohort.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Artery Disease , Blood , Diagnosis , Creatinine , Blood , Follow-Up Studies , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Prognosis
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 704-709, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321434

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The Syntax score was recently developed as a comprehensive, angiographic tool grading the complexity of coronary artery disease (CAD). It aims to assist in patient selection and risk stratification of patients with extensive CAD undergoing revascularization. However, the prognostic value of the Syntax score in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has not been validated. The aim of this study was to evaluate its role in predicting long-term incidences of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) in patients undergoing PCI for 3-vessel disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two hundred and three consecutive patients with de novo 3-vessel CAD undergoing PCI with sirolimus-eluting stents were studied. Their angiograms were scored according to the Syntax score. The patients were divided into tertiles according to the Syntax score: lowest Syntax score tertile (Syntax score ≤ 22), intermediate Syntax score tertile (Syntax score of 23 to 32), and the highest Syntax score tertile (Syntax score ≥ 33). During the 1-year follow-up, the MACCE-free survival curves were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression analyses were performed to evaluate the relation between the Syntax score and the incidence of MACCE. Performance of the Syntax score was studied with respect to predicting the rate of MACCE by receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves with an area under the curve.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The overall Syntax score ranged from 6 to 66 with mean ± standard deviation of 27.9 ± 12.6 and a median of 26. At 1 year, the Syntax score significantly predicted the risk of MACCE (HR 1.07/U increase, 95%CI 1.04 to 1.11, P < 0.001). The rate of MACCE was significantly increased among patients in the highest Syntax score tertile (17.9%) as compared with those with the lowest Syntax score tertile (1.4%, P < 0.001) or intermediate Syntax score tertile (6.2%, P = 0.041). After the adjustment for all potential confounders, the Syntax score remained a significant predictor of the rate of MACCE (adjusted HR 1.12/U increase, 95%CI 1.05 to 1.20, P < 0.001). The Syntax score accurately predicted MACCE with an area under the receiver operator curve of 0.77 (95%CI 0.65 to 0.90, P < 0.001). A Syntax score of 29.5 was identified as the optimal cutoff to predict MACCE with a sensitivity of 82.4% and specificity of 65.6%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The Syntax score predicts the risk of MACCE in patients with 3-vessel disease undergoing PCI.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Methods , Coronary Artery Disease , Pathology , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome
6.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 402-405, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294728

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the angiographic characteristics and the long-term clinical outcomes following coronary stenting in non-diabetic (non-DM) and type 2 diabetic (DM) patients with coronary artery disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This cohort study enrolled 1172 consecutive patients with coronary heart disease underwent elective coronary stenting (249 type 2 DM and 923 non-DM). The angiographic characteristics and the long-term clinical follow-up results were compared between non-DM and DM patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The follow-up period was (39.2 +/- 6.4) months (6 - 83 months), follow-up rate was 90.3% in DM and 91.0% in non-DM group (P > 0.05). Compared with non-diabetic patients, there were significantly higher incidences of 2-vessel (P = 0.029) and 3-vessel (P = 0.013) diseases of coronary artery, severe stenosis lesion (P = 0.012), chronic total obstructive lesion (P = 0.044) and long lesion (P = 0.001), in-stent restenosis (ISR, P = 0.000) and revascularization (P = 0.000) and MACE (P = 0.000) in DM patients. COX multiple factorial analysis showed that DM is independent risk factor for ISR (P = 0.000), revascularization (P = 0.001) and MACE (P = 0.003).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>CHD patients with type 2 DM are associated with multi- and more severe vessel lesions. Type 2 DM is also an independent risk factor for increased ISR, revascularization and MACE post stenting.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Coronary Disease , Therapeutics , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Therapeutics , Follow-Up Studies , Stents , Treatment Outcome
7.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 320-323, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236482

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical characteristics of patients with inherited hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical characteristics, electrocardiogram, serum chemistry and diagnostic methods were retrospectively investigated in 5 patients with inherited hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The electrocardiograms of all patients were abnormal, with prominent left ventricular voltage and ST-T changes. One male patient with clinicopathological features of early onset, muscle weakness, ventricular preexcitation, elevations of two serum proteins and intracytoplasmic vacuoles containing autophagic material and glycogen in biceps brachial muscle cells was diagnosed Danon's disease. Mitochondrial cardiomyopathy was diagnosed in one male patient with early onset, short PR interval and biopsy findings of ragged-red fibers in biceps brachial muscle. Three patients were diagnosed as Fabry's disease with clinical characteristics including pain and acroparesthesias, angiokeratoma and decrease of alpha-galactosidase A activity.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Some of the rare inherited hypertrophic cardiomyopathy might easily be clinically misdiagnosed as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, systemic and careful case history inquiring and specific relevant examinations would help to make the right diagnosis in these patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic, Familial , Diagnosis , Genetics , Diagnosis, Differential
8.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 540-543, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307252

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the safety and efficacy of myocardial contrast enhancement (MCE)-guided and angio-pressure (AP)-guided transcoronary ablation of septal hypertrophy (TASH) for patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>TASH was performed under MCE-guide (n = 47, group I) or AP-guide (n = 25, group II) for drug-refractory patients with HOCM. Myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) data as well as other clinical data were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>TASH both under MCE-guide or AP-guide resulted in similar and significant reduction of left ventricular outflow tract gradient (PG) and associated with significant symptom improvement (all P < 0.001). Dosage of ethanol use, peak-level of CK-MB and ablated myocardial area and incidence of arrhythmia were also similar between the two groups.Similar left ventricular/atrial dimension changes post TASH were observed in the 2 groups during follow-up. However, the first selected septal vessels were changed under MCE in 6 patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Our data demonstrated that the MCE-guided TASH was not superior to AP-guided TASH in safety and efficacy. However, MCE-guided TASH can avoid the misplace of ethanol to avoid innocent myocardial ablation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cardiac Catheterization , Methods , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics , Catheter Ablation , Methods , Myocardial Perfusion Imaging , Ultrasonography
9.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 216-219, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304936

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the short and long-term therapeutic efficacy of drug-eluting stents (Firebird) for the treatment of coronary artery disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From Nov. 2003 to Jan. 2005, 501 Firebird stents were implanted in 410 patients with 460 lesions. All patients were administered with aspirin and clopidogrel before and after the procedures. Follow-up was made by telephone or interview, 102 out of 410 patients were followed up by angiography.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The procedure success rate was 99.5%. Stent thrombosis occurred in one patient during the procedure and one sudden death developed 10 hours after the procedure in hospital. The major adverse cardiac event (MACE, including death, acute myocardial infarction and target lesion revascularization) rate during hospitalization was 0.2% (1/410). The MACE rate was 4.3% (16/376) and the stent thrombosis rate was 1.1% (4/376) during clinical follow-up of 376 patients (12.8 +/- 3.2 months). The angiographic restenosis rate in 102 patients with 122 lesions was 9.8% (12/122).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Firebird drug-eluting stent could be used safely and effectively in patient with coronary heart disease.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Disease , Therapeutics , Coronary Restenosis , Therapeutics , Drug-Eluting Stents , Follow-Up Studies , Retrospective Studies , Sirolimus , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 333-336, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304910

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the safety and efficacy of transcoronary ablation of septal hypertrophy (TASH) versus dual-chamber cardiac pacing (PM) for the treatment of aged > 60 years old) patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Medically uncontrolled symptomatic aged patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM, n = 23) were treated by transcoronary ablation of septal hypertrophy (TASH, n = 15) or dual-chamber cardiac pacing (PM, n = 8) and followed up for 24 months. Two patients needed permanent pacemaker after TASH were excluded from the analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>NYHA class improved from 3.2 +/- 0.7 to 1.5 +/- 0.5 and from 3.0 +/- 0.1 to 1.9 +/- 0.6 and general symptomatic score decreased from 5.9 +/- 1.6 to 1.8 +/- 0.7 and from 4.5 +/- 1.3 to 2.3 +/- 1.6 post TASH or PM treatments, respectively (all P < 0.01 vs. baseline). The decrease of left ventricular outflow pressure gradient (PG) was (80.0 +/- 35.5) mm Hg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa) and (49.3 +/- 37.7) mmHg post TASH and PM treatments respectively (all P < 0.05 vs. baseline) and the PG decrease was more significant in TASH group compared to PM group (P < 0.01). Interventricular septal thickness was significantly reduced post TASH [(22 +/- 4) mm vs. (17 +/- 3) mm, P < 0.05] and remained unchanged in PM group. Three patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (2 patients in TASH group and 1 in PM group) developed chronic atrial fibrillation during the follow-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Both therapeutic approaches-TASH and PM implantation, significantly reduced PG and significantly improved NYHA class and general symptomatic score in aged symptomatic patients with HOCM. TASH was superior to PM in terms of PG decrease and general symptomatic score improvement.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic , Therapeutics , Catheter Ablation , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Septum , General Surgery , Pacemaker, Artificial , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Outflow Obstruction , Therapeutics
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