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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905976

ABSTRACT

The application of modern scientific theories and technologies to explore the mechanism of Chinese medicine and its compounds is one of the key issues in realizing the modernization of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) research. Chinese medicine and its compounds produce comprehensive pharmacodynamics through multiple components acting on multiple targets, the core of clarifying the mechanism is to solve the key scientific problems of static correlation and dynamic integration verification between the components and the target network topology. At present, the effective method to clarify the mechanism of Chinese medicine and its compounds is to statically correlate the topological network of in vitro components and targets through network pharmacology. Although there are also component-target verification studies, they often learn from research idea of single component-single target, it is urgent to establish a quantitative integration and overall verification method that conforms to the characteristics of TCM. According to supramolecular Qi chromatography theory of TCM, the microscopic mechanism of interaction between Chinese medicine and human body is actually the two supramolecular host and object groups (the active ingredient group of Chinese medicine and the target group of human body) based on imprinted template, which shows the macroscopic properties and pharmacodynamics. Based on this, the author proposes to use supramolecular Qi chromatography theory as the guidance, combined with supramolecular chemistry, network dynamics, quantitative pharmacology and other methods to quantitatively integrate and verify the compositions and the target groups with imprinted template as the core predicted by network pharmacology, looking for the optimal quality markers, greatly reducing the difficulty of multi-component-multi-target experimental verification of Chinese medicine and its compounds.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879159

ABSTRACT

The present work is to analyze the HPLC fingerprints of mulberry-sourced materials(Mori Ramulus, Mori Folium, Muri Cortex, Mori Fructus) using the fingerprint division total statistical moment method and information entropy, and to study the diffe-rences of the chemical components and the overall characteristics of the imprinting template in different parts of mulberry-sourced medicinal materials, so as to provide the basis for finding the effective substances in response to "homologous and different effect" of mulberry(Morus alba). The fingerprints of 24 batches of mulberry-related materials, such as Mori Ramulus, Mori Folium, Muri Cortex, Mori Fructus, were established, and the similarities and differences of the fingerprints were analyzed by calculating the division total statistical moment parameters and information entropy. The AUC_T, MCRT_T, VCRT_T and H values of 24 batches of mulberry-sourced materials were less than 0.05, with significant difference. Among them, all samples showed absorption peaks within 3-11, and 20-24 min, indicating that the four types had the identical or similar chemical composition in the same time period. After 34 min, none of the four types showed absorption peaks. Greater VCRT_T value of the fingerprints of the four kinds was observed at the retention time ranges of 3-4, 16-18, 25-27, and 31-32 min, indicating that the components of the four kinds were significantly different in these time periods; and VCRT_T value of the mulberry was significantly higher than that of the other three kinds of medicinal materials at the retention time windows of 3-4 and 15-17 min; the VCRT_T value of the mulberry white skin was significantly higher at the time windows of 8-10 and 28-30 min; the VCRT_T value of all four kinds was significantly higher within 21-23 min, indicating that the four herbs contain the same or similar components in the chromatogram during this period, but there may be significant differences between the content and the proportion. In addition, the information entropy of mulberry branches is the largest at 7-12, 23-27 min, and that of mulberry fruits is the largest at 2-8 min, which indicates that the components of mulberry branches and mulberry fruits respond greatly in the corresponding period of time, which is also the main peak period of their chemical components. For the chemical components and corresponding efficacy here. The results showed that there are significant differences in the components and contents of mulberry-sourced medicinal materials. The division total statistical moment and information entropy of the total amount of segments can be used to analyze the differences in the components of "homology and different effects", which could provide a more comprehensive analysis method for the determination of quality markers.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Entropy , Fruit , Morus , Plant Leaves
3.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 309-312, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264518

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the immunity of morbid obesity (MO) before and after laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>15 cases, with a mean body mass index (BMI) of 35.8 kg/m(2), were treated by LAGB from Jun. 2003 to Oct. 2003 in our department. Patients' immune parameters were determined preoperatively and 1, 3 and 6 months postoperatively. 15 cases with a normal BMI (23.6 kg/m(2)) were set as controls.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Before surgery, the MO had a significant lower level of CD(4)(+), CD(4)(+)/CD(8)(+) and a higher level of serum interleukin-2 (IL-2), Interleukin-6 (IL-6) than the controls (P < 0.01). There was a significant reduction of weight and BMI 6 months postoperatively (P < 0.01). At the same time, CD(4)(+) increased and serum IL-2 decreased significantly. But CD(4)(+)/CD(8)(+)and serum IL-2, IL-6 were still abnormal compare to the controls.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>MO may combined with an abnormal immunity. But after enough weight loss induced by LAGB, it can be partly reversed.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Gastroplasty , Methods , Humans , Laparoscopy , Male , Obesity, Morbid , Allergy and Immunology , General Surgery , Weight Loss
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736880

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the nursing of patients with morbid obesity treated with laparoscopic vertical banded gastroplasty (LVBG). Methods: Before operation, obese degree, obesity-related conditions and mental states were examined routinely. Monitoring of respiratory tract, observing operative complications and instructing of diets were done after operation. Results: Among 6 patients, 5 were at the third degree of obese, one was at second. In obesity-related conditions, 4 patients had hypertension and acantha derma, 1 had arthritis, and all had respiratory sleeping syndrome. The operations were all successful. The food amount food and body weight both decreased significantly 1 month after operation. The common operative complications were mild bleeding (1 case), shoulder-back pain (1 case), nausea and vomiting (5 cases). Diet principle was high protein, low energy, liquid food was the first choice. Conclusion: Observing and preventing respiratory sleeping syndrome are the main points of postoperative cares. Instructing patients to establish correct diet habit is the key to reach the best efficacy of LVBG.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735412

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the nursing of patients with morbid obesity treated with laparoscopic vertical banded gastroplasty (LVBG). Methods: Before operation, obese degree, obesity-related conditions and mental states were examined routinely. Monitoring of respiratory tract, observing operative complications and instructing of diets were done after operation. Results: Among 6 patients, 5 were at the third degree of obese, one was at second. In obesity-related conditions, 4 patients had hypertension and acantha derma, 1 had arthritis, and all had respiratory sleeping syndrome. The operations were all successful. The food amount food and body weight both decreased significantly 1 month after operation. The common operative complications were mild bleeding (1 case), shoulder-back pain (1 case), nausea and vomiting (5 cases). Diet principle was high protein, low energy, liquid food was the first choice. Conclusion: Observing and preventing respiratory sleeping syndrome are the main points of postoperative cares. Instructing patients to establish correct diet habit is the key to reach the best efficacy of LVBG.

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