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1.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 826-836, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007856

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the long-term prognosis of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with different reperfusion strategies in Chinese county-level hospitals.@*METHODS@#A total of 2,514 patients with STEMI from 32 hospitals participated in the China Acute Myocardial Infarction registry between January 2013 and September 2014. The success of fibrinolysis was assessed according to indirect measures of vascular recanalization. The primary outcome was 2-year mortality.@*RESULTS@#Reperfusion therapy was used in 1,080 patients (42.9%): fibrinolysis ( n= 664, 61.5%) and primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) ( n= 416, 38.5%). The most common reason for missing reperfusion therapy was a prehospital delay > 12 h (43%). Fibrinolysis [14.5%, hazard ratio ( HR): 0.59, 95% confidence interval ( CI) 0.44-0.80] and primary PCI (6.8%, HR= 0.32, 95% CI: 0.22-0.48) were associated with lower 2-year mortality than those with no reperfusion (28.5%). Among fibrinolysis-treated patients, 510 (76.8%) achieved successful clinical reperfusion; only 17.0% of those with failed fibrinolysis underwent rescue PCI. There was no difference in 2-year mortality between successful fibrinolysis and primary PCI (8.8% vs. 6.8%, HR = 1.53, 95% CI: 0.85-2.73). Failed fibrinolysis predicted a similar mortality (33.1%) to no reperfusion (33.1% vs. 28.5%, HR= 1.30, 95% CI: 0.93-1.81).@*CONCLUSION@#In Chinese county-level hospitals, only approximately 2/5 of patients with STEMI underwent reperfusion therapy, largely due to prehospital delay. Approximately 30% of patients with failed fibrinolysis and no reperfusion therapy did not survive at 2 years. Quality improvement initiativesare warranted, especially in public health education and fast referral for mechanical revascularization in cases of failed fibrinolysis.


Subject(s)
Humans , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , East Asian People , Treatment Outcome , Myocardial Reperfusion , Myocardial Infarction , Registries , Hospitals
2.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 143-150, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969756

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical features and long-term prognostic factors of diabetic patients with low or intermediate complexity coronary artery disease (CAD) post percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: This was a prospective, single-centre observational study. Consecutive diabetic patients with SYNTAX score (SS)≤32 undergoing PCI between January and December 2013 in Fuwai hospital were included in this analysis. The patients were divided into two groups based on SS, namely SS≤22 group and SS 23-32 group. Multivariate Cox regression analysis was performed to identify independent factors related to poor 5-year prognosis. The primary outcomes were cardiac death and recurrent myocardial infarction, the secondary outcomes were all cause death and revascularization. Results: Of the 3 899 patients included in the study, 2 888 were men (74.1%); mean age was 59.4±9.8 years. There were 3 450 patients in the SS≤22 group and 449 patients in the SS 23-32 group. Compared with SS≤22 group, the incidence of revascularization was higher in SS 23-32 group (18.9% (85/449) vs. 15.2% (524/3450), log-rank P=0.019). There was no significant difference in all-cause death, cardiac death and recurrent myocardial infarction between the two groups (log-rank P>0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that age (HR=1.05, 95%CI 1.02-1.08, P<0.001), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (HR=3.12, 95%CI 1.37-7.07, P=0.007) and creatinine clearance rate (CCr)<60 ml/min (HR=3.67, 95%CI 2.05-6.58, P<0.001) were independent risk factors for 5-year cardiac death, while left ventricular ejection fraction (HR=0.94, 95%CI 0.91-0.96, P<0.001) was a protective factor. Previous PCI (HR=2.04, 95%CI 1.38-3.00, P<0.001), blood glucose level≥11.1 mmol/L on admission (HR=2.49, 95%CI 1.32-4.70, P=0.005) and CCr<60 ml/min (HR=1.85, 95%CI 1.14-2.99, P=0.012) were independent risk factors for 5-year recurrent myocardial infarction. The SS of 23-32 was independently associated with risk of revascularization (HR=1.54, 95%CI 1.09-2.16, P=0.014), after adjusting for residual SS. Residual SS was not a risk factor for 5-year prognosis. Conclusions: In diabetic patients with low-or intermediate complexity CAD, SS 23-32 is associated with increased risk of 5-year revascularization; the clinical characteristics of the patients are associated with the long-term mortality and recurrent myocardial infarction, but not related to revascularization.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Female , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Stroke Volume , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Function, Left , Prognosis , Risk Factors , Myocardial Infarction/etiology , Diabetes Mellitus
3.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 450-457, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935169

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore and compare the effect of standard or prolonged dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) on the long-term prognosis of elderly patients with coronary heart disease complicated with diabetes mellitus after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. Methods: Consecutive patients with diabetes mellitus, ≥65 years old, underwent DES implantation, and had no adverse events within 1 year after operation underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) from January to December 2013 in Fuwai Hospital were enrolled in this prospective cohort study. These patients were divided into three groups according to DAPT duration: standard DAPT duration group (11 ≤ DAPT duration≤ 13 months) and prolonged DAPT duration group (13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months; DAPT duration>24 months). All the patients were followed up at 1, 6 months, 1, 2 and 5 years in order to collect the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE), and type 2 to 5 bleeding events defined by the Federation of Bleeding Academic Research (BARC). MACCE were consisted of all cause death, myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization or stroke. The incidence of clinical adverse events were compared among 3 different DAPT duration groups, and Cox regression model were used to analyze the effect of different DAPT duration on 5-year long-term prognosis. Results: A total of 1 562 patients were enrolled, aged (70.8±4.5) years, with 398 female (25.5%). There were 467 cases in standard DAPT duration group, 684 cases in 13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months group and 411 cases in DAPT duration>24 months group. The patients in standard DAPT duration group and the prolonged DAPT duration groups accounted for 29.9% (467/1 562) and 70.1% (1 095/1 562), respectively. The 5-year follow-up results showed that the incidence of all-cause death in 13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months group (4.8%(33/684) vs. 8.6%(40/467),P=0.011) and DAPT duration>24 month group(4.1%(17/411) vs. 8.6%(40/467),P=0.008) were significantly lower than in standard DAPT group. The incidence of myocardial infarction in 13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months group was lower than in standard DAPT duration group (1.9%(13/684) vs. 5.1%(24/467),P=0.002). The incidence of MACCE in 13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months group was the lowest (standard DAPT duration group, 13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months group and DAPT duration>24 month group were 19.3% (90/467), 12.3% (84/684), 20.2% (83/411), respectively, P<0.001). There was no significant difference in the incidence of stroke and bleeding events among the three groups (all P>0.05). Multivariate Cox analysis showed that compared with the standard DAPT group, prolonged DAPT to 13-24 months was negatively correlated with MACCE (HR=0.601, 95%CI 0.446-0.811, P=0.001), all-cause death (HR=0.568, 95%CI 0.357-0.903, P=0.017) and myocardial infarction (HR=0.353, 95%CI 0.179-0.695, P=0.003). DAPT>24 months was negatively correlated with all-cause death (HR=0.687, 95%CI 0.516-0.913, P=0.010) and positively correlated with revascularization (HR=1.404, 95%CI 1.116-1.765, P=0.004). There was no correlation between prolonged DAPT and bleeding events. Conclusions: For elderly patients with coronary heart disease complicated with diabetes mellitus underwent DES implantation, and had no MACCE and bleeding events within 1 year after operation, appropriately prolonging of the DAPT duration is related to the reduction of the risk of cardiovascular adverse events. Patients may benefit the most from the DAPT between 13 to 24 months. In addition, prolonging DAPT duration does not increase the incidence of bleeding events in this patient cohort.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Diabetes Mellitus , Drug Therapy, Combination , Drug-Eluting Stents/adverse effects , Hemorrhage , Myocardial Infarction/epidemiology , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Stroke , Treatment Outcome
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1795-1802, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887594

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#It remains unclear whether the outcomes of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) during off-hours are as favorable as those treated during on-hours, especially those with a first medical contact-to-device (FMC-to-device) time within 90 min. We aimed to determine whether off-hours admission impacted late outcomes in patients undergoing PPCI and with an FMC-to-device time ≤90 min.@*METHODS@#This multicenter retrospective study included 670 STEMI patients who underwent successful PPCI and had an FMC-to-device time ≤90 min from 19 chest pain centers in Beijing from January 2018 to December 2018. Patients were divided into on-hours group and off-hours group based on their arrival time. Baseline characteristics, clinical data, and key time intervals during treatment were collected from the Quality Control & Improvement Center of Cardiovascular Intervention of Beijing by the "Heart and Brain Green Channel" app.@*RESULTS@#Overall, the median age of the patients was 58.8 years and 19.9% (133/670) were female. Of these, 296 (44.2%) patients underwent PPCI during on-hours and 374 (55.8%) patients underwent PPCI during off-hours. Compared with the on-hours group, the off-hours group had a longer FMC-to-device time and fewer patients with FMC-to-device time ≤60 min (P  0.05). According to the Cox regression analyses, off-hours admission was not a predictor of 2-year MACEs (P = 0.788). Similarly, the Kaplan-Meier curves showed that the risks of a MACE, all-cause death, reinfarction, and target vessel revascularization were not significantly different between the two groups (P > 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#This real-world, multicenter retrospective study demonstrated that for STEMI patients who underwent PPCI within 90 min, off-hours admission was safe, with no difference in the risk of 2-year MACEs compared with those with on-hours admission.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Beijing , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/surgery , Treatment Outcome
5.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 783-789, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941353

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of platelet reactivity and other clinical factors on the postoperative 1-year adverse clinical events in patients who underwent selective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) anticoagulated with bivalirudin. Methods: This is a multicenter, retrospective and observational study, enrolling 632 patients at high risk of bleeding adjudicated by operators who underwent selective PCI anticoagulated with bivalirudin and had preoperative thrombelastography (TEG) test results in Fuwai Hospital, Northern Theater General Hospital and Xinxiang Central Hospital between January 2017 and August 2018. Platelet reactivity was tested by TEG and adenosine-induced maximal amplitude (MAADP) was recorded. According to MAADP patients were divided into three groups: low on-treatment platelet reactivity (LTPR) group (MAADP<31 mm, n=229), normal on-treatment platelet reactivity (NTPR) group (31 mm≤MAADP≤47 mm, n=207) and high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HTPR) group (MAADP>47 mm, n=196). The endpoints consisted of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) and bleeding events. The definition of MACCE was the composite of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, intrastent thrombosis, stroke and revascularization. Bleeding events were defined by bleeding academic research consortium (BARC) type 2, 3 and 5 bleeding. Using multivariate Cox regression to analyze the factors of MACCE and bleeding events in patients underwent selective PCI anticoagulated with bivalirudin. Results: A total of 632 patients were finally enrolled in the study with age of (68.3±10.0) years and there were 423 (66.9%) males. All of 632 patients finished one-year follow-up, and 48 (7.6%) patients occurred MACCE and 11 (1.7%) patients occurred bleeding events. There was not statistically significant difference in the incidence of MACCE (8.3% (19/229) vs. 6.3% (13/207) vs.8.2% (16/196), P=0.68) and bleeding events (1.8% (4/229) vs. 2.9% (6/207) vs. 0.5% (1/196), P=0.17) in LTPR, NTPR and HTPR group. Multivariate Cox regression showed that HTPR was not the independent factor of MACCE (HR=1.25, 95%CI 0.67-2.30, P=0.49), and the history of peripheral vessel disease was the independent risk factor of MACCE (HR=2.47, 95%CI 1.19-5.11, P=0.02). LTPR was not the independent factor of bleeding events (HR=1.35, 95%CI 0.39-4.66, P=0.64), and the independent factors of bleeding events were history of peripheral vessel disease (HR=3.95, 95%CI 1.03-15.22, P=0.05) and hemoglobin (HR=0.96, 95%CI 0.93-0.99, P=0.01). Conclusions: In patients undergoing selective PCI anticoagulated with bivalirudin, there is no significant association between platelet reactivity and postoperative 1-year MACCE or bleeding events. History of peripheral vessel disease is an independent risk factor of MACCE, and history of peripheral vessel disease and decreased hemoglobin are independent risk factors of bleeding events.

6.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 586-592, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941322

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the acute and long-term outcome of patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) concurrent with chronic total occlusion (CTO) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: 11 905 STEMI patients from the China Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry were enrolled in this study and divided into CTO group and non-CTO group according to the angiography results of primary PCI. 1∶3 propensity score matching was used to match the patients between the two groups. The primary endpoint was in-hospital mortality and mortality at 1-year post PCI. The secondary endpoint was major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) including death, re-myocardial infarction, revascularization, heart failure associated readmission, stroke and major bleeding at 1-year post PCI. Results: There were 931 CTO patients (7.8%) in this cohort (male=755 (81.1%), mean age (62.2±11.4 years)). The rest 10 974 patients were STEMI without CTO (male=8 829 (80.5%),mean age (60.0±11.8) years). After propensity score matching, 896 patients were enrolled in CTO group and 2 688 in non-CTO group. In-hospital mortality was significantly higher in the CTO group than in non-CTO group (4.2% vs. 2.4%, P=0.006). The ratio of all cause death, cardiac death, and MACE at 1-year follow up was also significantly higher in the CTO group than in non-CTO group (8.5% vs. 4.4%, P<0.001, 5.3% vs. 2.6%, P=0.001, 35.1% vs. 23.3%, P<0.001, respectively). Multiple regression analysis showed that CTO (HR=1.54, 95%CI 1.06-2.22, P=0.022), advanced age (HR=1.06, 95%CI 1.04-1.08, P<0.001), and previous heart failure history (HR=4.10, 95%CI 1.90-8.83, P<0.001) were independent risk factors of 1-year mortality. Conclusions: The in-hospital and 1-year mortality increased significantly in STEMI patients concurrent with CTO. CTO, advanced age and history of heart failure are independent risk factors of 1-year death among STEMI patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , China , Chronic Disease , Coronary Occlusion/complications , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Risk Factors , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/surgery , Treatment Outcome
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2674-2681, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877875

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The mechanism and characteristics of early and late drug-eluting stent in-stent restenosis (DES-ISR) have not been fully clarified. Whether there are different outcomes among those patients being irrespective of their repeated treatments remain a knowledge gap.@*METHODS@#A total of 250 patients who underwent initial stent implantation in our hospital, and then were readmitted to receive treatment for the reason of recurrent significant DES-ISR in 2016 were involved. The patients were categorized as early ISR (<12 months; E-ISR; n = 32) and late ISR (≥12 months; L-ISR; n = 218). Associations between patient characteristics and clinical performance, as well as clinical outcomes after a repeated percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were evaluated. Primary composite endpoint of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) included cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), or target lesion revascularization (TLR).@*RESULTS@#Most baseline characteristics are similar in both groups, except for the period of ISR, initial pre-procedure thrombolysis in myocardial infarction, and some serum biochemical indicators. The incidence of MACE (37.5% vs. 5.5%; P < 0.001) and TLR (37.5% vs. 5.0%; P < 0.001) is higher in the E-ISR group. After multivariate analysis, E-ISR (odds ratio [OR], 13.267; [95% CI 4.984-35.311]; P < 0.001) and left ventricular systolic dysfunction (odds ratio [OR], 6.317; [95% CI 1.145-34.843]; P = 0.034) are the independent predictors for MACE among DES-ISR patients in the mid-term follow-up of 12 months.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Early ISR and left ventricular systolic dysfunction are associated with MACE during the mid-term follow-up period for DES-ISR patients. The results may benefit the risk stratification and secondary prevention for DES-ISR patients in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Restenosis , Drug-Eluting Stents/adverse effects , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/adverse effects , Prognosis , Treatment Outcome
8.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 655-660, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941154

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the related factors of premature acute myocardial infarction(AMI), and to compare the the long-term outcomes in patients with and without premature AMI after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: This study was a prospective cohort study.From January 2013 to December 2013, 10 724 consecutive patients with coronary heart disease undergoing PCI in Fuwai Hospital were enrolled. Among them 1 920 patients with the diagnosis of AMI were divided into two groups: premature AMI (man≤50 years old, woman≤60 years old) and non-premature AMI. The baseline characteristics were collected, and multivariate logistic regression was uesed to analysis the related factors of premature AMI. The clinical outcomes, including the major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events(MACCE) which was the composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, revascularization, stroke and stent thrombosis, as well as bleeding events, during hospitalization, at 2 years and 5 years follow-up were analyzed. Results: A total of 1 920 AMI patiens were included(age was (56.5±11.3) years old),with 1 612(84.0%) males. There were statistically significant differences between the two groups in gender, body mass index, blood lipid, complications, inflammatory markers, etc (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed body mass index(OR=1.06, 95%CI 1.01-1.10, P<0.01), triglyceride(OR=1.47, 95%CI 1.14-1.90, P<0.01), serum uric acid level(OR=1.02, 95%CI 1.01-1.04, P<0.01), high density lipoprotein cholesterol level(OR=0.33, 95%CI 0.14-0.78, P=0.01) and history of hypertension(OR=0.72, 95%CI 0.56-0.93, P=0.01) were independent related factors of premature AMI. The incidence of all-cause death and cardiac death were lower during hospitalization, at 2 years and 5 years follow-up in the premature AMI group than in non-premature AMI group(all P<0.05). In the premature AMI group, the incidence of MACCE and stroke was lower, with more bleeding events in 5 years follow-up(all P<0.05). Conclusions: Metabolic abnormalities, including high BMI, high triglyceride level and high serum uric acid, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level are the related factor of premature AMI. The incidence of ischemic events in patients with premature AMI is lower, while the incidence of bleeding events is higher than non-premature AMI patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Artery Disease , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Uric Acid
9.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 123-129, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941071

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the association between plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels and the severity of coronary artery disease, and to evaluate the impact of HDL-C levels on long-term outcomes in patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: A total of 10 458 consecutive patients underwent PCI from January 2013 to December 2013 at Fuwai hospital were enrolled in this study. Patients were divided into three groups according to HDL-C tertiles: low HDL-C group (HDL-C≤0.89 mmol/L, n=3 525), median HDL-C group (HDL-C>0.89-1.11 mmol/L, n=3 570) and high HDL-C group (HDL-C>1.11 mmol/L, n=3 363). SYNTAX score was used to evaluate the severity of coronary artery disease, linear regression was used to analyze the relationship of HDL-C and SYNTAX score. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to compare the outcomes among the three groups. Multivariate Cox regression was used to define the potential associations of HDL-C and outcomes. Results: The HDL-C level was (1.03±0.28) mmol/L and the SYNTAX score was 11.7±8.1. Patients were older, proportion of female, stable angina pectoris, successful PCI and left ventricular eject fraction value were higher, while incidence of diabetes mellitus was lower, hyperlipidemia, old myocardial infraction, smoking history and left main and three vessels disease were lower in high HDL-C group (all P<0.05). Patients in high HDL-C group also had the lowest SYNTAX score (12.2±8.4 vs. 11.7±8.1 vs. 11.2±7.8, P<0.001). Both univariate and multivariate linear regression analysis showed that HDL-C was negatively associated with SYNTAX score, e.g. Univariate analysis: β=-0.046, P<0.001; Multivariate analysis: β=-0.058, P=0.001. And 10 400 (99.4%) patients completed 2-year follow up. At 2-year follow-up, there were no difference in all-cause death, cardiac death, myocardial infarction, revascularization, stroke, major adverse cardiovascular and cerebral events (MACCE) and stent thrombosis among three groups (P for trend>0.05), while patient in high HDL-C group experienced the highest BARC type 2 bleeding events (P for trend=0.018). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that HDL-C level was not an independent risk factor of 2-year adverse ischemia events (P>0.05) and 2-year bleeding events (P>0.05). Conclusion: In patients underwent PCI, plasma HDL-C level is negatively associated with SYNTAX score, but not an independent risk factor of ischemic and bleeding events post PCI.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
10.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 431-443, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828996

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze factors associated with unplanned revascularization (UR) risk in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).@*Methods@#A total of 10,640 cases with CAD who underwent PCI were analyzed. Multivariate COX regressions and competing risk regressions were applied.@*Results@#The patients who underwent UR following PCI in 30 days, 1, and 2 years accounted for 0.3%, 6.5%, and 8.7%, respectively. After multivariate adjustment, the number of target lesions [hazard ratio ( ) = 2.320; 95% confidence interval ( ): 1.643-3.277; < 0.001], time of procedure ( = 1.006; 95% : 1.001-1.010; = 0.014), body mass index ( = 1.104; 95% : 1.006-1.210; = 0.036), incomplete revascularization (ICR) ( = 2.476; 95% : 1.030-5.952; = 0.043), and age ( 1.037; 95% : 1.000-1.075; = 0.048) were determined as independent risk factors of 30-day UR. Factors, including low-molecular-weight heparin or fondaparinux ( = 0.618; 95% : 0.531-0.719; < 0.001), second-generation durable polymer drug-eluting stent ( 0.713; 95% : 0.624-0.814; < 0.001), left anterior descending artery involvement ( = 0.654; 95% : 0.530-0.807; < 0.001), and age ( = 0.992; 95% : 0.985-0.998; = 0.014), were independently associated with decreased two-year UR risk. While, Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery score ( = 1.024; 95% : 1.014-1.033; < 0.001) and ICR ( = 1.549; 95% : 1.290-1.860; < 0.001) were negatively associated with two-year UR risk.@*Conclusion@#Specific factors were positively or negatively associated with short- and medium-long-term UR following PCI.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , China , Coronary Artery Disease , General Surgery , Myocardial Revascularization , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2286-2291, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802998

ABSTRACT

Background@#Patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who present without typical chest pain are associated with a poor outcome. However, whether angiographic characteristics are related to a higher risk of mortality in this population is unclear. This study aimed to investigate whether the higher mortality risk in patients with STEMI without chest pain could be explained by their "high-risk" angiographic characteristics.@*Methods@#We used data of 12,145 patients with STEMI who was registered in China Acute Myocardial Infarction registry from January 2013 to September 2014. We compared the infarct-related artery (IRA), thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow grade in the IRA, and other angiographic characteristics between patients without and those with chest pain. Multivariable logistic regression model was used to identify independent risk factor of in-hospital mortality.@*Results@#The 2922 (24.1%) patients with STEMI presented without typical chest pain. These patients had a higher TIMI flow grade (mean TIMI flow grade: 1.00 vs. 0.94, P = 0.02) and a lower rate of IRA disease of the left anterior descending artery (44.6% vs. 51.2%, χ2 = 35.63, P < 0.01) than did those with typical chest pain. Patients without chest pain were older, more likely to have diabetes, longer time to hospital and higher Killip classification, and less likely to receive optimal medication treatment and primary percutaneous coronary intervention and higher In-hospital mortality (3.3% vs. 2.2%, χ2 = 10.57, P < 0.01). After adjusting for multi-variables, presentation without chest pain was still an independent predictor of in-hospital death among patients with STEMI (adjusted odds ratio: 1.36, 95% confidence interval: 1.02–1.83).@*Conclusions@#Presentation without chest pain is common and associated with a higher in-hospital mortality risk in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Our results indicate that their poor prognosis is associated with baseline patient characteristics and delayed treatment, but not angiographic lesion characteristics.@*Clinical trial registration@#NCT01874691, https://clinicaltrials.gov.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 914-921, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772176

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#It is currently unclear if fibrinogen is a risk factor for adverse events in patients receiving percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or merely serves as a marker of pre-existing comorbidities and other causal factors. We therefore investigated the association between fibrinogen levels and 2-year all-cause mortality, and compared the additional predictive value of adding fibrinogen to a basic model including traditional risk factors in patients receiving contemporary PCI.@*METHODS@#A total of 6293 patients undergoing PCI with measured baseline fibrinogen levels were enrolled from January to December 2013 in Fuwai Hospital. Patients were divided into three groups according to tertiles of baseline fibrinogen levels: low fibrinogen, <2.98 g/L; medium fibrinogen, 2.98 to 3.58 g/L; and high fibrinogen, ≥3.58 g/L. Independent predictors of 2-year clinical outcomes were determined by multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression modeling. The increased discriminative value of fibrinogen for predicting all-cause mortality was assessed using the C-statistic and integrated discrimination improvement (IDI).@*RESULTS@#The 2-year all-cause mortality rate was 1.2%. It was significantly higher in the high fibrinogen compared with the low and medium fibrinogen groups according to Kaplan-Meier analyses (1.7% vs. 0.9% and 1.7% vs. 1.0%, respectively; log-rank, P = 0.022). Fibrinogen was significantly associated with all-cause mortality according to multivariate Cox regression (hazard ratio 1.339, 95% confidence interval: 1.109-1.763, P = 0.005), together with traditional risk factors including age, sex, diabetes mellitus, left ventricular ejection fraction, creatinine clearance, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. The area under the curve for all-cause mortality in the basic model including traditional risk factors was 0.776, and this value increased to 0.787 when fibrinogen was added to the model (IDI = 0.003, Z = 0.140, P = 0.889).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Fibrinogen is associated with 2-year all-cause mortality in patients receiving PCI, but provides no additional information over a model including traditional risk factors.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome , Blood , Therapeutics , Fasting , Blood , Fibrinogen , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Multivariate Analysis , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Proportional Hazards Models , Risk Factors
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 519-524, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774803

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Approximately 70% patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) presented without ST-segment elevation on electrocardiogram. Patients with non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) often presented with atypical symptoms, which may be related to pre-hospital delay and increased risk of mortality. However, up to date few studies reported detailed symptomatology of NSTEMI, particularly among Asian patients. The objective of this study was to describe and compare symptoms and presenting characteristics of NSTEMI vs. STEMI patients.@*METHODS@#We enrolled 21,994 patients diagnosed with AMI from China Acute Myocardial Infarction (CAMI) Registry between January 2013 and September 2014. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to ST-segment elevation: ST-segment elevation (STEMI) group and NSTEMI group. We extracted data on patients' characteristics and detailed symptomatology and compared these variables between two groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared with patients with STEMI (N = 16,315), those with NSTEMI (N = 5679) were older, more often females and more often have comorbidities. Patients with NSTEMI were less likely to present with persistent chest pain (54.3% vs. 71.4%), diaphoresis (48.6% vs. 70.0%), radiation pain (26.4% vs. 33.8%), and more likely to have chest distress (42.4% vs. 38.3%) than STEMI patients (all P < 0.0001). Patients with NSTEMI were also had longer time to hospital. In multivariable analysis, NSTEMI was independent predictor of presentation without chest pain (odds ratio: 1.974, 95% confidence interval: 1.849-2.107).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Patients with NSTEMI were more likely to present with chest distress and pre-hospital patient delay compared with patients with STEMI. It is necessary for both clinicians and patients to learn more about atypical symptoms of NSTEMI in order to rapidly recognize myocardial infarction.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#www.clinicaltrials.gov (No. NCT01874691).


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Pathology , China , Electrocardiography , Methods , Hospital Mortality , Myocardial Infarction , Pathology , Odds Ratio , Registries , Risk Factors , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction , Pathology
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2286-2291, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774607

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who present without typical chest pain are associated with a poor outcome. However, whether angiographic characteristics are related to a higher risk of mortality in this population is unclear. This study aimed to investigate whether the higher mortality risk in patients with STEMI without chest pain could be explained by their "high-risk" angiographic characteristics.@*METHODS@#We used data of 12,145 patients with STEMI who was registered in China Acute Myocardial Infarction registry from January 2013 to September 2014. We compared the infarct-related artery (IRA), thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow grade in the IRA, and other angiographic characteristics between patients without and those with chest pain. Multivariable logistic regression model was used to identify independent risk factor of in-hospital mortality.@*RESULTS@#The 2922 (24.1%) patients with STEMI presented without typical chest pain. These patients had a higher TIMI flow grade (mean TIMI flow grade: 1.00 vs. 0.94, P = 0.02) and a lower rate of IRA disease of the left anterior descending artery (44.6% vs. 51.2%, χ = 35.63, P < 0.01) than did those with typical chest pain. Patients without chest pain were older, more likely to have diabetes, longer time to hospital and higher Killip classification, and less likely to receive optimal medication treatment and primary percutaneous coronary intervention and higher In-hospital mortality (3.3% vs. 2.2%, χ = 10.57, P < 0.01). After adjusting for multi-variables, presentation without chest pain was still an independent predictor of in-hospital death among patients with STEMI (adjusted odds ratio: 1.36, 95% confidence interval: 1.02-1.83).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Presentation without chest pain is common and associated with a higher in-hospital mortality risk in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Our results indicate that their poor prognosis is associated with baseline patient characteristics and delayed treatment, but not angiographic lesion characteristics.@*CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION@#NCT01874691, https://clinicaltrials.gov.

15.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 1094-1097, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703932

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To analyze the rate of hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and the cost of hospitalization for urban residents participating in national basic medical insurance in China. Methods: Of the sample database of inpatients participating in the national basic medical insurance system from 2010 to 2014, 2%, 5% and 10% of the insured persons was selected from provincial cities, one prefecture-level city, and two county-level coordinating regions of each province, with a total of 2 523 265 person-times. Patients with AMI who were diagnosed with ICD-10 code I21-I22 from the hospital were selected for analysis. Results: A total of 1 347 patients were diagnosed with AMI in the sample database. It was estimated that the annual AMI hospitalization rate was 44.2 per 100 000 according to the hospitalized AMI patients from 2012 to 2014. The median hospitalization cost was 31 000 (42 000) RMB and the median length of stay was 9 (8) days. The per capita hospitalization cost of provincial insured personnel was the highest (40 000 RMB), followed by prefecture insured personnel (30 000 RMB), and the county insured personnel (15 000 RMB, P<0.001). The proportion of patients receiving percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in provincial and prefecture cities was significantly higher than that of county-level patients (50.1%, 43.2%, and 14.9%, respectively, P<0.001). The median hospitalization cost for PCI was 52 000 RMB, which was significantly higher than thrombolytic therapy (20 000 RMB) and conservative treatment (13 000 RMB, P<0.001). Conclusions: The cost of AMI hospitalization for patients with basic medical insurance in provincial cities, perfeture and county cities in China is significantly different, and it is related to the large difference in the proportion of patients receiving PCI or not.

16.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 958-963, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703909

ABSTRACT

Objectives: This study sought to compare both the safety and efficacy of transradial (TRI) versus transfemoral (TFI) approach in women undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in China. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed data from 5 067 women undergoing PCI in Fuwai Hospital, Beijing, China between 2006 and 2011. 4 105 patients underwent TRI and 962 patients underwent TFI. A One-to-one propensity score matching (PSM) was performed to control for potential biases. A total of 897 pairs were matched. Results: After controlling for confounders using PSM, baseline and procedural characteristics were well-balanced between TRI and TFI groups. Patients undergoing TRI had significantly fewer major post-PCI bleeding (1.0% vs 3.5%, P<0.001) and access site complications (8.5% vs 19.7%,P<0.001) after PSM. There was no statistical differences in the incidence rates of major adverse cardiac events (a composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularization) during hospitalization (P>0.05). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that TRI was an independent predictor of reduced major bleeding (OR=0.64, 95%CI: 0.54-0.76, P<0.001) and access site complications (OR=0.67, 95%CI:0.61-0.74, P<0.001). Conclusions: Our result show that TRI is related to reduced major bleeding and access site complications as compared to TFI in Chinese female patients undergoing PCI.

17.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 953-957, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703908

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To observe the prevalence of bleeding and to explore the independent predictors of bleeding in ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction patients with fibrinolysis therapy in China. Methods: From January 2013 to June 2014, 1 568 patients undergoing fibrinolysis in the Chinese Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry (CAMI) were prospectively included. Patients were divided into bleeding group (bleeding after fibrinolysis, n=55) and no bleeding group (without bleeding after fibrinolysis, n=1 513). Logistic regression analysis was performed to define the independent predictors of bleeding. Results: The prevalence of bleeding with fibrinolysis in these patients was 3.5% (55/1 568). The fibrinolysis success rate is 86%. Among them, the rate of intracranial bleeding was 0.6%, and the rate of gastrointestinal bleeding was 1.9%. The fibrinolysis success tended to be higher in patients with bleeding (94.1% vs 85.7%, P=0.0589) ,and the mortality rate was significantly higher in patients with bleeding (20.0% vs 7.1%, P=0.0019) . Logistic regression analysis showed that age≥75 years (OR=2.45, 95%CI:1.10-5.46, P=0.0290) and use of rtPA (HR=3.41, 95%CI:1.48~7.86, P=0.0040) were independent predictors of bleeding after fibrinolysis in this patient cohort. Conclusions: The prevalence of bleeding after fibrinolysis in Chinese STEMI patients is low. Older age and rtPA use are independent predictors of bleeding after fibrinolysis in this patient cohort.

18.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 535-538, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703891

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To investigate the predictive value of IABP-SHOCKⅡ risk score for 30-day mortality in Chinese patients with cardiogenic shock after acute myocardial infarction. Methods:A total of 212 hospitalized Chinese patients with cardiogenic shock after acute myocardial infarction were enrolled from June 2014 to July 2017. The IABP-SHOCKⅡrisk score was calculated at admission. The endpoint of this study was all-cause 30-day death. The predictive value of IABP-SHOCKⅡ risk score for these patients was assessed by calculating the area under receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results:According to the IABP-SHOCKⅡrisk score at admission, the patients were divided into 3 groups:score 0-2 group, n=106; score 3-4 group, n=56 and score 5-9 group, n=50. Patients were older, incidence of cerebral stroke, lactic acid, glucose at admission and creatinine levels were higher. while incidence of TIMI grade 3 was lower in score 3-4 group and score 5-9 group than in score 0-2 group (all P<0.05). Percent of male patients was lower in score 5-9 group than in score 0-2 group (P<0.05). Incidence of cerebral stroke, lactic acid, and creatinine levels were higher. while incidence of TIMI grade 3 was lower in score 5-9 group than in score 3-4 group (all P<0.05). Sixty-eight patients died during the 30 days follow-up, mortality was 6.6%, 37.5% and 80% in the score 0-2 group, score 3-4 group, and score 5-9 group, respectively (P<0.05). The ROC curve analysis showed that AUC was 0.853, and 95%CI was 0.796-0.911. Conclusions:IABP-SHOCKⅡ risk score is suitable for risk stratification and assessment of 30-day mortality in Chinese patients with cardiogenic shock after acute myocardial infarction and may facilitate the clinical decision making to improve the outcome of these patients.

19.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 529-534, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703890

ABSTRACT

Objectives:The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of the Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) and Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) risk scores for in-hospital mortality in Chinese ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. Methods:Present data are obtained from the prospective, multicenter Chinese AMI (CAMI) registry, 107 hospitals from 31 provinces, municipalities or autonomous districts in China took part in this study. From January 2013 to September 2014, 17886 consecutive ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients admitted to these 107 hospitals were enrolled. For each patient, TIMI and GRACE risk scores were calculated using specific variables collected at admission. Their prognostic value on the primary endpoint (in-hospital mortality) was evaluated. Results:Mean age of this patient cohort was (61.9±12.4)years, 76.5% (n=13685) patients were males. The in-hospital mortality was 6.4%(n=1 153)and the median length of hospital stay was 10.0 days. The incidence of cardiac arrest at admission were 4.3% (n=764). Coronary reperfusion therapy including fibrinolytic therapy(n=1782), primary percutaneous coronary intervention (n=7763) and emergent coronary artery bypass grafting (n=10) were applied to 9555 (53.4%) patients and the median of time to reperfusion was 300.0 minutes. The predictive accuracy of TIMI and GRACE for in-hospital mortality was similar:TIMI risk score (AUC) [area under the curve:0.7956; 95% confidence interval (95%CI:0.7822~0.8090)] and GRACE risk score (AUC:0.8096; 95%CI:0.7963~0.8230). Conclusions:The TIMI and GRACE risk score demonstrate similar predictive accuracy for in-hospital mortality and there are some disadvantages in risk stratification by these two risk scores for Chinese STEMI patients.

20.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 524-528, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703889

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To explore the clinical and coronary disease characteristics and prognosis of Chinese patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction and without typical chest pain. Methods:By extracting data from China Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry, we included 12 145 STEMI patients who underwent coronary angiography between 01 January 2013 to 30 September 2014. Variables of interest were extracted and compared between AMI patients without vs with typical chest pain. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to identify independent predictors of in-hospital mortality. Results:There were approximately 24% (2922/12145) STEMI patients without typical chest pain. Compared with typical chest pain patients, patients without typical chest pain had higher prevalence of diabetes (20.0% vs 17.8%), longer time of disease onset to hospital, lower rate of IRA disease of left anterior descending artery (44.6% vs 51.2%). These patients were less likely to receive primary percutaneous coronary intervention (64.9% vs 73.9%) and had higher in-hospital mortality (3.3% vs 2.2%, P<0.05). Multivarite Logistic regression analysis indicated atypical chest pain was an independent risk factor for in-hospital death (OR:1.364, 95% confidence interval:1.018-1.827). Conclusions:Approximately a quarter STEMI patients presented without typical chest pain in this patient cohort and they had longer disease onset to hospital time, were less likely to receive PCI, and associated with higher in-hospital mortality risk. Efforts should be made to identify these patients in order to apply the optimal treatments to them.

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