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1.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 368-373, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869655

ABSTRACT

Objective:The clinical efficacy, safety and quality of life in female patients with stress urinary incontinence (SUI)treated by midurethral sling were studied by multicenter retrospective study.Methods:From January 2018 to December 2018, 531 female patients with severe stress urinary incontinence from seven domestic urinary center were included in this study, including 78 cases from General Hospital of Central Theater Command, 122 cases from Shanghai Jiao tong University School of Medicine Affiliated Ren Ji Hospital, 67 cases from Shanghai Jiaotong University Affiliated First People’s Hospital, 68 cases from People’s Hospital of Jiangsu Province, 71 cases from The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University, 65 cases from Zhejiang Provincial People’s hospital, 60 cases from Xiamen University First Affiliated Hospital. Among the 531 patients, 214 cases received TVT sling with an average age of (58.14±10.16) years. 181 cases were in postmenopausal(84.6%). The number of births ≥2 times was 89 (41.6%) cases. The score of ICI-Q-SF was 16.00±1.73. There were 166 cases of moderate incontinence (77.6%) and 48 cases of severe incontinence (22.4%). There were 317 patients in the TOT/TVT-O group with an average age of (58.33±10.25) years. 247 cases were in postmenopausal(77.9%). The number of births ≥2 times was 120 (37.8%) cases. The score of ICI-Q-SF was 15.79±1.75. There were 256 cases of moderate incontinence (80.8%) and 61 cases of severe incontinence (19.2%). There was no statistically significant difference in general data parameters between the two groups ( P>0.05). 1, 6, 12 months after the operation, the two groups of patients incontinence questionnaire Summary(ICI-Q-SF), common complications and Patient Global Impression of Improvement(PGI-I), satisfaction evaluation follow-up. ICI-Q-SF score improved > by 50% (cure + significant improvement) and 1-hour pad test <10 g (qualitative index) were used as the evaluation index of surgical success. Result:Both of the two surgical methods have high successive rate. There was no significant difference between 94.9% (203/214) of the TVT group and 93.7% (297/317) of the TOT/ TVT-O group ( P>0.05). Postoperative improvement of urinary incontinence (cure rate) [88.3% (189/214)]in the TVT group was slightly higher than that in the TOT/ TVT-O group [77.0% (244/317)] ( P<0.05). There was no change in the recurrence rate of urinary incontinence in the follow-up 6 and 12 months after the operation. There was no statistically significant difference between 4.4% (9/203) in the TVT group and 5.4% (16/297) in the TOT/TVT-O group ( P>0.05). The subjective cure rate 12 months after the operation was 96.3% (206/214) in the TVT group and 95.9% (304/317) in the TOT/TVT-O group ( P>0.05). 10 patients occurred bladder perforation occurred in the TVT group, and no bladder perforation occurred in the TOT/TVT-O group ( P<0.001). The incidence of pain and discomfort in the TVT group was significantly lower at 1.9% than that in the TOT/TVT-O group at 6.9% ( P<0.01). There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in the incidence of complications such as dysuria/urinary retention, frequent urination/urgency incontinence. Both of them exposed sling ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Both TVT and TOT/TVT-O sling can effectively treat female stress urinary incontinence, and both can improve the sexual satisfaction of patients after the surgery, with fewer complications and other advantages. The selection of specific surgical methods in clinical practice can be individualized according to the patient's physical conditions, clinical needs and the operation methods familiar to doctors.

2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 920-922, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824609

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical efficacy of female urethral diverticulum resection and reconstruction under the folding position.Methods Retrospective analysis of 22 female patients with urethral diverticulum was performed from September 2010 to December 2018.There were 12 cases of simple diverticulum,6 cases of horseshoe diverticulum,4 cases of circumferential diverticulum,aged from 26 to 72 years,with an average of 46.2 years,whose BMI ranged from 24.2 to 34.8 kg/m2,with an average of 30.4 kg/m2.Eleven cases (50%) presented with dysuria,10 cases (45.5%) with repeated urinary tract infections,7 cases (31.2%) with difficulty of voiding,10 cases (45.5%) with urethral secretion,9 cases (40.1%) with difficulty of sexual intercourse,and 4 cases (18.2%) without symptoms.Unlike the traditional surgical procedure under the lithotomy position,the folding position was used to expose the vagina and separate the vaginal mucosa by longitudinal incision,and the diverticulum was completely removed to the neck.The peri-operative complications and efficacy were recorded.Results All 22 cases underwent successful procedures,and were followed up for 25.2 months on average (ranged 8 to 42 months).One of them suffered from weak stream 2 months after operation,with residual urine volume of 100ml by ultrasonography.Her symptoms improved after dilatation of the urethra.Two cases suffered from different degrees of lower urinary tract storage symptoms 1 month after the operation (1 case of mild dysuria and 1 case of urinary tract infection),who improved after oral administration of levofloxacin tablets for 3-5 days.All patients had no urethral diverticulum recurrence 3 months later by ultrasonography,half a year by cystoscopy,and every six months by ultrasonography.Conclusions Surgical treatment is still the best choice for patients with urethral diverticulum.The success rate of transvaginal urethral diverticulum reconstruction with a Jackknife position is high,postoperative recurrence rate is low,and postoperative complications are few.

3.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 920-922, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800258

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical efficacy of female urethral diverticulum resection and reconstruction under the folding position.@*Methods@#Retrospective analysis of 22 female patients with urethral diverticulum was performed from September 2010 to December 2018. There were 12 cases of simple diverticulum, 6 cases of horseshoe diverticulum, 4 cases of circumferential diverticulum, aged from 26 to 72 years, with an average of 46.2 years, whose BMI ranged from 24.2 to 34.8 kg/m2, with an average of 30.4 kg/m2. Eleven cases (50%) presented with dysuria, 10 cases (45.5%) with repeated urinary tract infections, 7 cases (31.2%) with difficulty of voiding, 10 cases (45.5%) with urethral secretion, 9 cases (40.1%) with difficulty of sexual intercourse, and 4 cases (18.2%) without symptoms. Unlike the traditional surgical procedure under the lithotomy position, the folding position was used to expose the vagina and separate the vaginal mucosa by longitudinal incision, and the diverticulum was completely removed to the neck. The peri-operative complications and efficacy were recorded.@*Results@#All 22 cases underwent successful procedures, and were followed up for 25.2 months on average (ranged 8 to 42 months). One of them suffered from weak stream 2 months after operation, with residual urine volume of 100ml by ultrasonography. Her symptoms improved after dilatation of the urethra. Two cases suffered from different degrees of lower urinary tract storage symptoms 1 month after the operation (1 case of mild dysuria and 1 case of urinary tract infection), who improved after oral administration of levofloxacin tablets for 3-5 days. All patients had no urethral diverticulum recurrence 3 months later by ultrasonography, half a year by cystoscopy, and every six months by ultrasonography.@*Conclusions@#Surgical treatment is still the best choice for patients with urethral diverticulum. The success rate of transvaginal urethral diverticulum reconstruction with a Jackknife position is high, postoperative recurrence rate is low, and postoperative complications are few.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 569-572, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709561

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the infiltration of inflammatory cells under the mucosa of female cystitis glandularis and the different inflammatory infiltration in different clinical pathological types of cystitis glandularis.Methods Immunohistochemical method was used to detect the bladder mucosal tissue samples of 10 female patients confirmed cystitis glandularis admitted from June 2016 to October 2016.The results of immunohistochemical staining were collected and statistically analyzed by the automatic microscopy and image analysis system.In addition,the clinical data and tissue sample of 49 cases of cystitis glandularis treated from December 2006 to August 2017 were collected.Age of 49 patients was (34.4 ±7.5) years old and BMI was (21.9 ± 4.2) kg/m2.There were 19 cases of hypertension and 18 cases of diabetes.According to the cystoscopic manifestations,follicular edema type,papilloma type,and intestinal adenomatosis type were defined as high risk.Chronic inflammatory type and mucosa unchanged type were defined as low risk.Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect tissue samples,to compare the general data of different types of cystitis glandularis and the degree of infiltration of bladder mucosal inflammatory cells.Results T lymphocytes were highly expressed in 10 patients,and B lymphocytes and plasma cells were not expressed or extremely low (P < 0.01).Of the 49 patients,29 were high risk type cystitis glandularis (follicular edema type,papilloma type,and intestinal adenomatosis type),and 21 were low risk type (chronic inflammatory type and mucosa unchanged type).The age of the high-risk group was (34.4 ± 7.5) years old with BMI of (21.9 ±4.2) kg/m2,8 cases of hypertension and 8 cases of diabetes.The age of the low-risk group was (38.2 ±8.5) years old with BMI of (20.8 ±4.0) kg/m2,11 cases of hypertension and 10 cases of diabetes.There was no statistically significant difference between two groups (P > 0.05).The OABSS of high-risk group(10.4 ± 2.6) was significantly higher than that of low-risk group (7.1 ± 2.1,P < 0.01).QOL of high-risk group (4.9 ± 0.9) was significantly higher than that of low-risk group (4.1 ± 0.8,P < 0.01).Qmax of high-risk group was (11.4 ± 3.6) ml/s,significantly lower than that of low-risk group[(15.8 ±3.8) ml/s,P <0.01].The positive number of T lymphocytes of high-risk group was (173.5 ± 26.8),which was significantly higher than that of low-risk group(119.5 ± 21.2,P < 0.01).Conclusions T lymphocytes infiltration is the major phenomenon in bladder submucosa of female patients with cystitis glandularis.The inflammatory infiltration by T lymphocytes could be associated with patient's symptom and bladder's pathological changes.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 741-745, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662124

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the long-term outcomes of the retropubic tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) versus the transobturator tension-free vaginal tape (TVT-O) for women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI).Methods From July 2001 to June 2011,data of 120 female patients with SUI were retrospectively reviewed,of which 45 patients received TVT treatment,while 75 patients received TVT-O.The median age in TVT group was 45.1 years (range 35-72 years),and the median age in TVT-O group was 50.5 years (range 39-76 years).We retrospectively analyzed the long-term subjective effect,objective effect and the rate of complications in the two groups.Results Median follow-up period was 121 months (range 72-192 months).The complete satisfaction rate was 89% (40/45) in TVT group,and 92%(69/75) in TVT-O group,with no statistical difference between the two groups.The negative rate of cough test was 84.4% (38/45) in TVT group,and 76.0% (57/75)in TVT-O group,with a statistically significant difference.The rate of urinary tract injury was 8.9% (4/45) in TVT group,and 4.0% (3/75) in TVT-O group.The rate of thigh pain was 0 in TVT group,and 6.7% (3/45) in TVT-O group.The rate of micturition frequency and urinary incomplete emptying after operations was 6.7% (5/75) in TVT group,and 5.3% (4/75) in TVT-O group.Conclusions The long-term subjective effect between TVT and TVT-O groups was similar.The objective effect in TVT group was better.There was no statistical difference in complication rate between the two groups,which showed different types of complications in different procedures.

6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 741-745, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659439

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the long-term outcomes of the retropubic tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) versus the transobturator tension-free vaginal tape (TVT-O) for women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI).Methods From July 2001 to June 2011,data of 120 female patients with SUI were retrospectively reviewed,of which 45 patients received TVT treatment,while 75 patients received TVT-O.The median age in TVT group was 45.1 years (range 35-72 years),and the median age in TVT-O group was 50.5 years (range 39-76 years).We retrospectively analyzed the long-term subjective effect,objective effect and the rate of complications in the two groups.Results Median follow-up period was 121 months (range 72-192 months).The complete satisfaction rate was 89% (40/45) in TVT group,and 92%(69/75) in TVT-O group,with no statistical difference between the two groups.The negative rate of cough test was 84.4% (38/45) in TVT group,and 76.0% (57/75)in TVT-O group,with a statistically significant difference.The rate of urinary tract injury was 8.9% (4/45) in TVT group,and 4.0% (3/75) in TVT-O group.The rate of thigh pain was 0 in TVT group,and 6.7% (3/45) in TVT-O group.The rate of micturition frequency and urinary incomplete emptying after operations was 6.7% (5/75) in TVT group,and 5.3% (4/75) in TVT-O group.Conclusions The long-term subjective effect between TVT and TVT-O groups was similar.The objective effect in TVT group was better.There was no statistical difference in complication rate between the two groups,which showed different types of complications in different procedures.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-520313

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the analgesic effects of continuous infusion of morphine into epidural space(CIEA) on postoperative pain relief after prostatectomy. Methods 40 cases of benign prostate hypertrophy were selected and randomly divided into two groups,experimental group(CIEA),0 2mg/h of morphin was injected into epidural space,control group(MI),50mg of pethidine was injected whenever patient feel pain.VAS(Vision simulate score),frequency and duration of bladder spasm,discontinuance time of bladder irrigation,HR BP and RR,were observed. Results The experimental group was superior to the control group with characteristics of stable analgesic effect,short duration and low frequency of bladder spasm(P

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