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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828566

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the feasibility of surgical treatment for cancer patients complicated with corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19).@*METHODS@#The management and clinical outcome of a sigmoid cancer patient with COVID-19 were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The inflammation indicators and fever of this patient were effectively controlled and the lung lesions remained stable after active anti-viral treatment, then the radical colorectomy was performed after the viral negative conversion for twice.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The case indicates that it may feasible to undergo radical tumor surgery for cancer patients with COVID-19 after the virus nucleic acid testing turns negative and more studies are needed to confirm this conclusion.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Betacoronavirus , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Colonic Neoplasms , General Surgery , Virology , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Fever , Humans , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828558

ABSTRACT

Severe and critically ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) were usually with underlying diseases, which led to the problems of complicated drug use, potential drug-drug interactions and medication errors in special patients. Based on ( 6), and -19: , we summarized the experience in the use of antiviral drugs, corticosteroids, vascular active drugs, antibacterial, probiotics, nutrition support schemes in severe and critically ill COVID-19 patients. It is also suggested to focus on medication management for evaluation of drug efficacy and duration of treatment, prevention and treatment of adverse drug reactions, identification of potential drug-drug interactions, individualized medication monitoring based on biosafety protection, and medication administration for special patients.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Therapeutic Uses , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Antiviral Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Critical Illness , Drug Therapy , Humans , Nutritional Support , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Drug Therapy , Probiotics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828545

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the feasibility of radical resection for cancer patients complicated with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).@*METHODS@#The management and clinical outcome of a sigmoid cancer patient with COVID-19 were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The inflammation indicators and fever of this patient were effectively controlled and the lung lesions remained stable after active anti-viral treatment, then the radical colorectomy was performed after the viral negative conversion for twice.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The case indicates that radical resection can be performed in SARS-CoV-2 patients with twice-negative SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid testing results.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Colonic Neoplasms , General Surgery , Coronavirus Infections , Therapeutics , Disease Management , Humans , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome
4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 5007-5011, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664442

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To provide reference for postoperative rational selection of analgesia drugs and the optimization of an-algesia plan. METHODS:From the aspect of clinical pharmacists,postoperative pain therapy drugs involved in 6th-22nd chapter of Guidelines for Postoperative Pain Management (called Guideline for short) in the United States. RESULTS:The contents of the Guideline involving postoperative pain therapy drugs included the selection of perioperative therapy drugs and route of administra-tion,multimodal analgesic delivery regimen,individualized drug treatment program,medication monitoring,medication education and postoperative pain management program,etc. The preoperative application of opioids or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs was not recommended in the Guideline due to not benefit from it;for patients who can be given drugs orally,oral administration should be preferred if opioids were administered,and intramuscular injection should be avoided. The multimodal analgesic treat-ment plan combined with non-drug intervention were recommend for postoperative pain. The individualized treatment plan should be chosen according to the patient's specific condition. Clinical pharmacists should pay attention to the degree of sedation respira-tion and the occurrence of ADR in the patients after surgery,and explained the postoperative pain management process,methods of reducing analgesic drugs after discharge to the patiens and their families. CONCLUSIONS:The Guideline about analgesic regimens requirements for perioperative patients provides a reference for clinicians to choose the appropriate individual analgesic regimen.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2167-2170, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612350

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To explore an effective method to formulate management-related strategies for off-lable use of drugs by the evidence-based medicine. METHODS:The process of guideline formulation included seven procedures,i.g. establishment ofguideliesformulation workgroup;investigation and selection of the status quo on off-label drug use;identification of the clinical problems;retrieval and evaluation and comprehensing of evidence;applification of GRADE in evidence quality grading;formation of the recommendations consensus;peer review and result publication. And eventually guidelines were formed based on the steps. This study took off-label use of rheumatoid immunoprotective subjects as a case to explore. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS:Based on the evidence evaluation system and above 7 steps,the methods and process of guideline formulation on off-label use of rheuma-toid immunoprotective subjects that integrated administration,law,clinical medicine,pharmacy subjects were made .The process of guideline formulation fully reflects multidisciplinary characteristics of the workgroup,the advanced nature of the process,the comprehensiveness of evidence ,the rigor of evidence quality grading,and the normalization of consensus. It provides reference in methodology for establishing a comprehensive evidence-based evaluation and management system of off-label use of drugs for all clinical specialist disease. Therefore,this scientific research results may promote the standardization and legalization of the off-label use of drugs management in China.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620878

ABSTRACT

Objective To study multimodal analgesia in patients who underwent transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods 60 patients who underwent TACE for HCC from Aug.2016 to Nov.2016 were randomized into two groups:the multimodal analgesia group and the control group.The pain scores of these two groups of patient during the procedure and at different posttreatment time points,and the rates of adverse effect and pharmacoeconomic differences were recorded.Results When compared to the control group,the pain scores at 0 h,2 h,4 h,6 h,12 h after treatment in the multimodal analgesia group were significantly lower (P < 0.05),and the satisfactory scores for the patients were significantly improved (96.6% vs.66.7%).The multimodal group of patients also had significandy lower adverse effect rates of nausea and vomiting,and it was more cost-effective.Conclusions Patients who required multimodal analgesia had better pain relieve,patient satisfaction and less adverse reactions after TACE than patients in the control group.Multimodal analgesia was a safe,effective and economic way to control TACE pain and it was worth recommended in clinical practice.

7.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2016; 29 (2): 415-421
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-176370

ABSTRACT

In many industrialized countries, clinical pharmacy has developed into a separate discipline and become a vital part of inpatient care in hospitals. However, as compared to many established branches of medicine, clinical pharmacy is still in its infancy, with much room for growth, improvement, and recognition by both the medical community and patients. In this study, a widely-recognized development strategy analysis tool, Strength, Weakness, Opportunity and Threat [SWOT], was used to systematically address several key issues to the development of clinical pharmacy in China. This analysis aims to provide feasible recommendations for the development of clinical pharmacy in China by identifying current problems and growth opportunities. Full development of clinical pharmacy as a mature clinical discipline will help promote the rational use of drugs by both clinicians and patients and lead to enhanced drug efficacy and safety


Subject(s)
Pharmacy Service, Hospital
8.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2014; 27 (3): 525-529
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-142169

ABSTRACT

The pharmacotherapeutic efficiency of topical drug delivery systems is mainly dominated by the skin distribution of therapeutic agents. In this work, a sensitive, rapid and fully-validated reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography [RP-HPLC] method was developed to determine finasteride in human cadaver skin after different vesicular formulations were applied. Drug in different depth of skin layers were measured with an EclipseXDB-C18 column. The mobile phase consisted of 75% [v/v] methanol containing 0.2% phosphoric acid buffered to pH 3.0 with triethylamine under isocratic conditions. The system was operated at 40[degree]C and the mobile phase flow rate was set at 1 mL/min. The standard-calibration curve was linear within range of 5 to 200 ng/ml with correlation coefficient 0.9996. The intra-assay precision was less than 3.9% while the inter-assay precision was less than 7.1% with the bias range of - 8.6 to 4.1%. This method was found to be specific, accurate, and sensitive and was successfully used to determine the accumulation of finasteride after in-vitro percutaneous delivery by liposomal or ethosomal drug delivery nanocarriers.


Subject(s)
Skin , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , In Vitro Techniques , Administration, Topical , Cadaver , Liposomes
9.
China Pharmacy ; (12)2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-532683

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To explore the approach and starting point for the management of hospital high-alert medications so as to enhance the level of drug safety control.METHODS:By reviewing pertinent literature,the background,concept and categories of high-alert medications as well as the practice and experiences of carrying out management on high-alert medications in our hospital were introduced.RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS:The management on hospital high-alert medications has effectively lowered the risks of it.In view of the frequent occurring drug safety events,it is necessary to implement the corresponding management on high-alert medications in medical institution.It is advisable to establish a corresponding list of high-alert medications as well as a supervising system in medical institutions to improve drug control safety level and risk prevention ability.

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