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Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875268


Objective@#To explore the value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based whole tumor texture analysis in differentiating borderline epithelial ovarian tumors (BEOTs) from FIGO stage I/II malignant epithelial ovarian tumors (MEOTs). @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 88 patients with histopathologically confirmed ovarian epithelial tumors after surgical resection, including 30 BEOT and 58 MEOT patients, were divided into a training group (n = 62) and a test group (n = 26).The clinical and conventional MRI features were retrospectively reviewed. The texture features of tumors, based on T2-weighted imaging, diffusion-weighted imaging, and contrast-enhanced T1-weighted imaging, were extracted using MaZda software and the three top weighted texture features were selected by using the Random Forest algorithm. A non-texture logistic regression model in the training group was built to include those clinical and conventional MRI variables with p value < 0.10. Subsequently, a combined model integrating non-texture information and texture features was built for the training group. The model, evaluated using patients in the training group, was then applied to patients in the test group. Finally, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to assess the diagnostic performance of the models. @*Results@#The combined model showed superior performance in categorizing BEOTs and MEOTs (sensitivity, 92.5%; specificity, 86.4%; accuracy, 90.3%; area under the ROC curve [AUC], 0.962) than the non-texture model (sensitivity, 78.3%; specificity, 84.6%; accuracy, 82.3%; AUC, 0.818). The AUCs were statistically different (p value = 0.038). In the test group, the AUCs, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were 0.840, 73.3%, 90.1%, and 80.8% when the non-texture model was used and 0.896, 75.0%, 94.0%, and 88.5% when the combined model was used. @*Conclusion@#MRI-based texture features combined with clinical and conventional MRI features may assist in differentitating between BEOT and FIGO stage I/II MEOT patients.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800878


Active exploration for building a model of medical alliances fitting local needs, proves imperative for the functional positioning of medical institutions, promoting inter-institutional cooperation and enhancing the capacity of primary medical services. The authors described experiences and insights of the No.1 Affiliated Hospital and the People′s government of Quangang District in their partnership, and building a brand new model of medical alliance between a hospital and a local government. Also presented are characteristics of such a model, and analysis of operational data in benefiting the people. They held that such a partnership is a worthy attempt in the healthcare reform, by means of building medical alliances between local government and provincial hospitals. Such a practice can provide valuable references for promoting government-hospital synergy, elevating primary healthcare capacity and advancing the hierarchical medical system.

Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 683-685,688, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-601781


Objective To investigate the surgical effort of transurethral bipolar plasma kinetic resection (PKR-BT) on who cannot tolerate radical cystectomy in elderly patients with high-risk infiltration bladder urothelial cancer.Methods From 2010 January to 2013 September,data from 27 cases of elderly had been reviewed.The risk of invasive bladder urothelial cancer were treated with PKR-BT treatment.All patients met WHO elderly standards in this group of patients with severe diabetes was 7 cases,and other comlications.Results All 27 patients had been successful in operation and postoperative recovery.Patients were followed up for 4-45 months,8 cases occured recurrence,6 cases of PKR-BT again,2 cases missed,complete follow up 25 patients still survived,the median follow-up time was 23.6 months,the longest survival was 45 months.Conclusion PKR-BT in the treatment of invasive bladder urothelial cancer patients is safe and effective,it can be used as one of the alternate treatment for such patients.

Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 147-151, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430089


Objective To investigate the CT characteristics of anaplastic thyroid carcinoma and evaluate the diagnostic value of CT in this disease.Methods The CT findings of 10 patients with pathologically proved anaplastic thyroid carcinoma were retrospectively reviewed.The patients included 7 females and 3 males.Their age ranged from 25.0 to 78 years with median of 61 years.Multi-slices plain and post contrast CT scans were performed in all patients.Results Unilateral thyroid was involved in 6 patients.Unilateral thyroid and thyroid isthmus were both involved in 2 patients due to big size.Bilateral thyroid were involved in 2 patients.The maximum diameter of anaplastic thyroid carcinoma ranged from 2.9-12.8 cm with mean of (4.5 ± 1.4) cm.All lesions demonstrated unclear margins and envelope invasion.The densities of all lesions were heterogeneous and obvious necrosis areas were noted on precontrast images.Seven lesions showed varied calcifications,and coarse granular calcifications were found in 5 lesions among them.All lesions showed remarkable heterogenous enhancement on post-contrast CT.The CT value of solid portion of the tumor increased 40 HU after contrast media administration.The ratios of CT value which comparing of the tumor with contralateral sternocleidomastoid muscle were 0.69-0.82 (0.76 ± 0.18)and 1.25-1.41 (1.33 ± 0.28)on pre and post CT,respectively.Enlarged cervical lymph nodes were found in 6 cases (60.0%).It showed obvious homogeneous enhancement or irregular ring-like enhancement on post-contrast images and dot calcifications were seen in 1 case.Conclusions Relative larger single thyroid masses with coarse granular calcifications,necrosis,envelope invasion,remarkable heterogeneous enhancing and enlarged lymph nodes on CT are suggestive of anaplastic thyroid carcinoma.