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1.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2387-2391, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908257

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish and apply the intervention model of professional attitude for nursing undergraduates in universities of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), and to explore its effect on the professional attitude of the nursing undergraduates.Methods:The study started in August 2018 included two steps. The first step was to develop intervention model of professional attitude for nursing undergraduates in universities of TCM based on the three-stage theory of Kelman ′s attitude formation and with Delphi method. After two rounds of expert consultation, the intervention model of professional attitude for nursing undergraduates in universities of TCM was finally formed, including three intervention stages, a total of 41 intervention measurements. The second step was to use the historical control research method. Grade 2016 nursing undergraduate (the year 2016—2020) in Beijing University of Chinese Medicine was taken as the experimental group ( n=86) and adopted the intervention model. Grade 2012 nursing undergraduate (the year 2012—2016) in the same university was taken as the control group ( n=56) and did not adopted the intervention model during their university study. The two groups were continuously evaluated by "Scale for Nurse ′s Professional Attitude" during their four years in the university. The measurement time was within one week of admission and the 16th week of the second semester of each academic year, with a total of 5 times of measurement. Results:Repeated measurement design showed that the scores of Scale for Nurse′s Professional Attitude of the two groups changed with time. At the end of the first year, the score of the scale in the experimental group was (6.06±0.95) points, higher than (5.41±1.08) points of the control group ( t value was 3.765, P<0.001). There was no difference between the two groups at other time points ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The intervention model of professional attitude for nursing undergraduates in universities of TCM has good operability and can improve the professional attitude of nursing undergraduates in universities of TCM during their freshman year. The intervention model needs to be further adjusted to improve the professional attitude in the subsequent learning stage.

2.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 162-168, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708713

ABSTRACT

Objective To review the methodological quality of evidence-based guidelines on prevention and repair of perineal injury at vaginal delivery,and analyze the characteristics of guidelines to provide references for evidence-based decision-making.Methods We systematically searched websites of professional organizations,websites of clinical practice guidelines and databases for guidelines on prevention and repair of perineal injury,and used AGREE Ⅱ to evaluate the chosen guidelines.Results We identified totally 7 relevant evidence-based guidelines in this field.The average standardized scores of guidelines in 6 domains of AGREE Ⅱ were 90.21%(scope and purpose),68.25% (stakeholder involvement),69.94% (rigor of development),89.41% (clarity of presentations),70.63% (applicability),and 68.25%(independence),respectively.The overall standardized score for 7 guidelines was 75.65%,and the total score was 5.67 (7 points).For overall quality,4 of them were grade A and 3 of them were grade B.Conclusion The overall quality of included guidelines were high,but stakeholder involvement,rigor of development and independence in some guidelines needs to be improved.There was no Chinese evidence-based gui-deline in this field,and high-quality foreign guidelines could be used as evidence in combination with local conditions.

3.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 45-50, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611186

ABSTRACT

Objectives To implement the guideline-based clinical practice program for identification and manage-ment of dysphagia in stroke patients,and to create a good evidence-based practice culture,and to improve the quality of clinical care. Methods In this study,we use the Iowa model of evidence-based practice as a guide, reference guide issued by RNAO to implement the corresponding implementation strategy tool,and gradually apply the program to the pilot ward. Results The implementation of the program had a positive impact on the patient level (quality of life,satisfaction and hospitalization),the nurse level(satisfaction and knowledge),and the level of eachau-ditcriteria. Conclusion It is possible to improve the clinical nursing quality by adapting the high quality guide-lines for the identification and management of dysphagia in foreign countries and this study can provide reference for the research of future guideline implementation.

4.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 188-192, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488077

ABSTRACT

Sepsis and septic shock are the major causes of death in intensive care units (ICUs) worldwide. A large amount of studies on their pathophysiology have revealed an imbalance in the inflammatory network leading to tissue damage, organ failure, and ultimately, death. Cytokines, proteases, lipid mediators, vasoactive peptides, and cell stress markers play key roles in pathophysiology of sepsis. Although anti-inflammatory mediators can neutralize the promoting role of pro-inflammatory mediators, but persistent immune regulation may cause host susceptibility to concurrent infections. Therefore, it is a great challenge to seek effective clinical therapy against sepsis. To understand the complicated interplay between pro- and anti-inflammatory agents in sepsis, and their interaction in signal transduction and immune regulation in sepsis constitute vital significance to the prevention and control of sepsis. Summarize the latest findings about mediators associated with sepsis and innate and adaptive immune system at home and abroad in recent years, and illustrate the impact of its effects on sepsis, which may lead to resolution of many unexplored queries in the future.

5.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 122-125, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457554

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the differences of curriculum designs for undergraduate nursing majors among different TCM colleges and universities;To provide evidence for the development of the accreditation standards for academic quality of baccalaureate degree program in TCM colleges and universities which can be used as the standards for teaching reform. Methods Cultivating plans of 20 TCM colleges and universities for undergraduate nursing majors were collected. Current status and deficiency in curriculum design were obtained through comparative study and statistical analysis.Results The course names were lack of standardization;proportion of Chinese and Western medicine related courses were unreasonable;theoretical and practice teaching were irrelevant;optional courses were greatly inconsistent and irrational. Conclusion The further reform of the curriculum design for the undergraduate nursing majors in TCM colleges and universities is in urgent need, which can be standardized by developing the accreditation standards for academic quality of baccalaureate degree program in universities of Chinese Medicine.

6.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 113-117, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924377

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To investigate knowledge, attitude, and practice of exercise for post-operative breast cancer. Methods 110 postoperative breast cancers were investigated using a self-designed questionnaire which included general condition of patients, knowledge, attitude and practice of exercise after breast surgery. Results The rate of effective response was 98%. The average rate of awareness about postoperative exercise for breast cancers was 87%, and the score of knowledge of intensity and forms of exercise was the lowest, while the announcements of post-operative exercise was the highest. All of the patients presented positive attitude toward exercise, however, some of them indicated that they couldn't insist on it. 41% exercised only in one form, 78% at a low intensity, 41% less than 3 times per week, and 74% at least 30 minutes per session. Only 7% did traditional Chinese medical exercise. Time after surgery correlated positively to general scores (r=0.40, P<0.01), kinds of exercise (r=0.41, P<0.05) and intensity of exercise (r=0.43, P<0.05). Phase of cancer correlated negatively to general scores (r=-0.37, P<0.05) and exercise time (r=-0.38, P<0.05). Conclusion The knowledge on intensity and form of exercise after operation is not popular in post-operative breast cancers.

7.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 113-117, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444501

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate knowledge, attitude, and practice of exercise for post-operative breast cancer. Methods 110 post-operative breast cancers were investigated using a self-designed questionnaire which included general condition of patients, knowledge, atti-tude and practice of exercise after breast surgery. Results The rate of effective response was 98%. The average rate of awareness about post-operative exercise for breast cancers was 87%, and the score of knowledge of intensity and forms of exercise was the lowest, while the an-nouncements of post-operative exercise was the highest. All of the patients presented positive attitude toward exercise, however, some of them indicated that they couldn't insist on it. 41%exercised only in one form, 78%at a low intensity, 41%less than 3 times per week, and 74%at least 30 minutes per session. Only 7%did traditional Chinese medical exercise. Time after surgery correlated positively to general scores (r=0.40, P<0.01), kinds of exercise (r=0.41, P<0.05) and intensity of exercise (r=0.43, P<0.05). Phase of cancer correlated negatively to general scores (r=-0.37, P<0.05) and exercise time (r=-0.38, P<0.05). Conclusion The knowledge on intensity and form of exercise af-ter operation is not popular in post-operative breast cancers.

8.
World Science and Technology-Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1379-1382, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-441635

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to evaluate effects of traditional Chinese medicine ( TCM ) five elements music therapy on the quality of life for both senior and non-senior advanced cancer patients , and improve TCM com-prehensive treatment mode . A total of 170 patients were stratified according to 70-year-old in a randomized controlled trial ( RCT ) with a parallel single-blind design . The ratio of patients among three groups was 2:2:1 . In the experimental group , TCM five elements music was given in the treatment . In the positive control group , western music was used in the treatment . And in the negative control group , no music was given in the treat-ment . The treatment was given for 30 min , 5 times per week . And the observation duration was 3 weeks . The Hospice Quality of Life Index-Revised ( HQOLI-R ) , Karnofsky Performance Scale ( KPS ) and Symptom Diary Score recorded by patients were used in the evaluation . The results showed that when comparing HQOLI-R , KPS and Symptom Diary Score before and after treatment among all advanced cancer patients in each group , there was a significant difference before and after treatment in the TCM five elements music therapy group ( P 0 . 05 ) . It was concluded that TCM five elements music therapy is effective in improving quality of life and subjective symptoms for both senior and non-senior advanced cancer patients . However , the sensitivity of using the Symptom Diary Score as an evaluation index among senior patients still needs to be further proved .

9.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 16-19, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-435859

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of cryo/cuff system at different durations on postoperative swelling and pain in patients with knee arthroscopy.Methods Ninety-two patients having undergone knee arthroscopy were divided into 3 groups: the study group(n=31),the control group(n=31)and the blank control group(n=30).The study group were managed with circulating cold compress therapy for 30 mins once every 8 hours 24 hours after operation,the control group with circulating cold compress therapy for 30 mins once every 8 hours 48 hours after operation and the blank control group with routine nursing.The degree of pains was assessed using visual analogue scale and the level of swelling using the difference in the shank circle between the diseased and healthy limbs.Results The study group and control group were both better than the blank group in swelling and pain control(P0.05).Conclusion Postoperative knee arthroscopy,using cryo/cuff system can alleviate pains and swelling of joints,which is conducive for the early ambulation and promoted rehabilitation.

10.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 592-597, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-435612

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of Tai chi on quality of life of breast cancer patients. Methods Articles from 10 Eng-lish and Chinese Databases from inception to March 2012 were recalled. 2 researchers independently screened titles and abstracts for eligi-ble trials, methodological quality was assessed according to risk of bias items. Meta-analysis would be used if data available. Results 4 ran-domized trials with 169 participants were included. All trials had high risk of bias. 2 studies demonstrated significant improvement in Tai chi group for improving shoulder functional capacity which caused by breast cancer. The meta-analysis failed to demonstrate significant effects of Tai chi compared with control interventions (psychological support therapy, standard health care, routine rehabilitation training) in im-proving quality of life (SMD 0.03, 95%CI:-0.85, 0.91, P=0.94). Conclusion Tai chi is effective on shoulder functional capacity of breast cancer, but not significantly on quality of life.

11.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 65-68, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-431641

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the nursing professional values of different nursing groups and probe into the influencing factors.Methods By cluster and stratified sampling,a total of 583 participants including nursing students and registered nurses were investigated by Nursing Professional Values Scale.Results Nursing students and registered nurses hold a higher level of nursing professional values.Nursing professional value scores of nursing students were significantly higher than registered nurses.There was statistical difference between different nursing groups.Working years and monthly income were important influencing factors.Conclusions Nursing educators and administers could choose effective methods according to the condition to improve nursing professional values.

12.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 1388-93, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-450095

ABSTRACT

To explore the experience of the process of Tai Chi exercise.

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