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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796404

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the influence of different variable combinations of the carrying system on gait and muscle fatigue during weight-bearing walking on both shoulders and back, and to optimize daily carrying experience.@*Methods@#From September to December, 2018, 6 male college students were selected as subjects; the electromyographic signal of the anterior tibial muscle and plantar pressure were measured during weight-bearing walking under six different variable combinations of the carrying system (with the three variables of gravity center, single or double shoulders, and waist cushion), and a subjective evaluation test was performed for the degree of fatigue. The electromyographic data and plantar pressure data were processed and compared to evaluate behavior and fatigue.@*Results@#Different variable combinations of the carrying system had significant influence on the degree of fatigue and gait (P<0.05). Both subjective and objective analyses found that the carrying system with different heights of gravity center and single-or double-shoulder carrying mode had great influence on human fatigue and walking gait, while the hardness of waist cushion had little influence. Compared with the other groups, the group with a high gravity center, a double-shoulder carrying mode, and a soft waist cushion had a significantly smaller slope of average electromyographic amplitude, a significantly larger slope of median frequency, and a significantly lower degree of plantar pressure curve disorder.@*Conclusion@#The carrying system with a relatively high gravity center, a double-shoulder carrying mode, and a soft waist cushion can significantly relieve fatigue, with low influence on walking gait.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708321

ABSTRACT

Objective We aimed to analyze the clinical efficacy and treatment-related complications in patients with T4besophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) who received concurrent CRT,and to explore the potential prognostic factors related to survival. Methods Between 2010 and 2015,143 patients with T4b esophageal SCC treated with CRT were analyzed, including 71% patients with trachea and/or bronchus invasion and 44% patients with aorta and/or large vessel invasion. The median radiation dose was 60 Gy ( range, 44-68 Gy ) with conventional fractionation, including 69 patients ( 48%) treated with three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy and 74 patients ( 52%) treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy. All patients received concurrent platinum-based chemotherapy during radiotherapy. Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the survival,the log-rank test was used to examine group differences,and the Cox regression model was used for multivariate analysis. Results The median overall survival ( OS) time for the whole cohort was 12. 2 months. The 2-and 3-year OS rates were 34% and 29%,respectively. A total of 51 patients experienced ≥2 severe non-hematological complications,including 42 esophageal fistula,6 pneumonia,and 3 esophageal hemorrhage. Patients with severe complications showed significantly worse survival than those without complications (6. 9 months vs.20. 4 months,P<0. 01).Multivariate analysis revealed that TNM stage and severe complications were independent prognostic factors for OS. Conclusions Patients with T4b esophageal SCC who received CRT showed satisfactory survival but with high risk of severe complications. Therefore,prevention and treatment of severe complications is the key to improve efficacy.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507992

ABSTRACT

Objective The abnormal ankle-brachial index ( ABI) is associated with the incidence of cardiocerebral vascular diseases, but little is known about its relationship with cerebral microbleeds (CMB).This study aimed to investigate the correlation be-tween ABI≤0.9 and different distribution patterns of CMB . Methods We enrolled 187 patients with acute lacunar infarction , inclu-ding 115 non-CMB cases and 72 CMB cases (20 strictly lobar, 24 strictly deep, and 28 lobar and deep).We analyzed the differences between the two groups and the association of abnormal ABI with the occurrence and distribution of CMB by logistic regression analysis . Results ABI≤0.9 was found in 57 (30.5%) of the patients, with a significantly higher incidence rate in the CMB group than in the non-CMB group (43.1%vs 22.6%, P=0.003).The level of ABI was negatively correlated with the number of CMBs (r=-0.211, P=0.006).Multivariate logistic regression analysis after adjusted for confounders indicated that ABI ≤0.9 was significantly associated with the presence of CMB (OR=2.363;95%CI:1.181-4.729), deep CMB (OR=3.434;95%CI:1.283-9.187), and lobar and deep CMB ( OR=2.837;95%CI:1.098-7.333) in patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease . Conclusion Decreased ABI is a risk factor of CMB, particularly deep CMB, in patients with ischemic stroke.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323575

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the short-term efficacy and treatment-related adverse reaction between preoperative three dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) and volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) concurrently combined with chemotherapy in the treatment of locally advanced rectal carcinoma (LARC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 334 patients with LARC undergoing preoperative 3D-CRT(172 cases) or VMAT(162 cases) with concurrent Xelox chemotherapy (main protocol: capecitabine plus oxaliplatin) and surgery in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from May 2007 to April 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. The total radiation dose of VMAT group was: 50 Gy/2.0 Gy per fraction ×23 fractions for planning target volume 1(PTV1) and 46 Gy/1.84 Gy per fraction ×25 fractions for PTV2; the total radiation dose of 3D-CRT group was: 46 Gy/2.0 Gy per fraction ×23 fractions for PTV. The treatment-related adverse reaction of both groups during chemoradiotherapy was measured according to the criteria of Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v3.0 (CTCAE 3.0). Rate of adverse reaction and short-term efficacy between 3D-CRT and VMAT group were compared, in terms of radiotherapy break, hematological and non-hematological toxicity, average duration of surgery and perioperative hospitalization, intraoperative blood loss, surgical procedures, R0 excision, sphincter preservation, postoperative complications, pathological complete response (pCR), and postoperative pathological staging.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no significant differences in baseline clinical parameters between 3D-CRT and VMAT group (all P>0.05), except for the distance from lower tumor margin to anal verge (P=0.009). The median radiation dose for all the patients was 46 (45 to 70) Gy. There was no significant difference in the rate of radiotherapy cessation between 3D-CRT and VMAT group [1.7%(3/172) vs. 1.2%(2/162), P=1.000]. During concurrent chemotherapy, incidences of grade 2 to 3 hematological toxicities, grade 2 diarrhea, and grade 3 non-hematological toxicities were not significantly different(all P>0.05), while in grade 2 non-hematological toxicities, ratio of radiodermatitis and hand-foot syndrome was higher in VMAT group as compared to 3D-CRT group [25.9%(42/162) vs. 10.5%(18/172), P=0.000; 3.7%(6/162) vs. 0, P=0.012]. There was no grade 4 adverse event in both groups. Surgical procedure, average duration of surgery, R0 excision, anus preservation, postoperative complications, pCR, and postoperative pathological staging were not significantly different(all P>0.05). As compared to 3D-CRT group, VMAT group had less intraoperative blood loss [(114.6±100) ml vs. (169±143.9) ml, P<0.001] and shorter perioperative hospitalization [16(8 to 84) d vs. 20(10 to 47) d, P<0.001]. There was no death case in two groups within 30 days after operation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Compared with 3D-CRT technique, preoperative VMAT technique can not significantly reduce the incidence of treatment-related adverse reaction and improve the short-term efficacy in the treatment of LARC.</p>


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Chemoradiotherapy , Deoxycytidine , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Fluorouracil , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Organoplatinum Compounds , Radiotherapy Dosage , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted , Radiotherapy, Conformal , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated , Rectal Neoplasms , Radiotherapy , Retrospective Studies
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335207

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To understand the current situation and characteristics of commercial sexual behavior among old male clients in Guangxi, and to explore the associated risk factors of HIV infection.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The areas in Guangxi where more old male HIV cases were reported followed by survey on those male clients who were over 60 years of age, were selected. A total of 5 ml blood sample was collected to test antibodies of HIV and syphilis. Risk factors were calculated by the multivariate logistic analysis method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 1 236 questionnaires were completed in the survey. 65.61% of the old male clients were from low-grade venues with 53.64% of them never using a condom when engaging in commercial sex behavior. 47.33% of them patronized sex workers for around 10 years. 53.32% of them patronized prostitutes not less than 2 times in the last 30 days. Thirty subjects were HIV positive (2.43%) and 40 were syphilis positive (3.24%). Factor as 'having fixed partners' (OR = 0.302, 95% CI:0.140-0.650) appeared protective for the old male clients of HIV infection, with a history of patronizing sex workers from 1 to 5 years (OR = 2.552, 95% CI: 1.086-5.998). Frequency of patronizing sex workers not less than 4 times in the last 30 days (OR = 3.002, 95%CI:1.047-8.607) seemed the high risk factor of HIV infection.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Older-aged male clients showed high HIV and syphilis infection rates in Guangxi, and most of them were using the low-grade venues. Commercial sexual behaviors in the areas would include early and, frequent exposure, but with poor protections. High risk factors of HIV infection might relate to "no fixed sexual partners" and "frequently commercial sexual behavior".</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Antibodies , China , Epidemiology , Condoms , HIV Infections , Epidemiology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Risk Factors , Sex Work , Sex Workers , Sexual Behavior , Sexual Partners , Surveys and Questionnaires , Syphilis , Epidemiology
6.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2826-2829, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481865

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the treatment of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in patients with HIV infection and AIDS and the patients′ survival time after HAART treatment. Methods Three thousand and one hundred cases of HIV infection and AIDS patients received HAART in 12 months by monthly flow cytometry instrument MultiSET absolute counting method detecting the CD4+T cell levels, bDNA method (detection range 1.60 log ~ 6.10 log RNA copies/mL) detecting serum HIV-1 viral load under rigorous clinical observation. Results Twelve months after treatment, the CD4+T cell count increased an average of 430 × 106/L (P < 0.01). Eight months after treatment, all viral loads reached their measurable levels (below 1.70 log copies/mL) by decreasing 45 log copies/mL on average. Conclusion HIV/AIDS patients showed treatment extremely significant possitive responses to highly active antiretroviral therapy. The patients′ survival rate after treatment has greatly improved compare to that in previous literature.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432186

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between molecular subtypes of breast cancer and postoperative loco-regional recurrence (LR) in early breast cancer patients with 1-3 positive axillary lymph nodes (pN1) and to improve the individualized indications for post-mastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT)in these patients.Methods A total of 547 patients with pT1-2 N1M0 breast cancer,who received mastectomy between December 1998 and December 2009 in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center,were retrospectively analyzed.None of them received adjuvant radiotherapy after mastectomy.The patients were divided into luminal A group,luminal B group,HER-2-overexpressing group,and triple-negative group according to the molecular subtypes of breast cancer determined by immunohistochemistry and fluorescence in situ hybridization.The patients in different groups were compared in terms of LR rate (LRR) and LR-free survival (LRFS),and the risk factors for LR were analyzed in combination with clinical and pathological features.The Kaplan-Meier method was adopted to calculate LRR and LRFS;the Logrank test was used for survival difference analysis and univariate prognostic analysis.The Cox proportional hazards model was used for multivariate prognostic analysis.Results The luminal A group,luminal B group,HER-2-overexpressing group,and triple-negative group accounted for 30.0%,48.6%,9.3%,and 12.1%,respectively,of all the patients.The follow-up rate was 97.1% ;334 patients were followed up for at least 5 years,and 127 were followed up for at least 10 years.Univariate analysis showed that,compared with the luminal A group,the HER-2-overexpressing group and triple-negative group had significantly higher 5-year LRRs (19.0% vs 5.3%,x2 =4.28,P =0.026; 14.9% vs 5.3%,x2 =5.02,P =0.015) and significantly lower LRFSs (73.5% vs 91.1%,x2=7.27,P=0.005;80.6% vs 91.1%,x2=4.77,P=0.021).Multivariate analysis revealed that HER-2 overexpression,triple-negative phenotype,age of ≤ 35 years,and stage pT2 were poor prognostic factors for survival (LRR and LRFS) (x2 =2.29,2.08,18.22,and 6.86,P =0.020,0.016,0.001,and 0.005;x2 =1.90,1.41,8.58,and 3.94,P=0.006,0.025,0.002,and 0.039).The 10-year LRRs of patients with 0,1,and ≥2 of the above risk factors were 4.3%,14.1%,and 31.9%,respectively (x2 =28.03,P =0.000).Conclusions Molecular subtyping is helpful for individualized evaluation of LR risk in early breast cancer patients with 1-3 positive axillary lymph nodes (pN1).PMRT should be recommended for the patients with 2 or more risk factors for LR.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-423300

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors for reduced renal function in patients with ischemic stroke.Methods The medical records of patients with ischemic stroke were analyzed retrospectively.They were divided into normal renal function group and reduced renalfunction group.Reduced renal function was defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 ml/(min·1.73 m2).Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the risk factors for reduced renal function in patients with ischemic stroke.Results A total of 805 patients with ischemic stroke were enrolled in the study.8.8% of patients had a reduced renal function.There was no significant differences in the proportion of patients with mild and moderate neurological deficit between the reduced renal function group and the normal renal function group (all P > 0.05),however,the proportion of patients with severe neurological deficit was significantly higher than that in the normal renal function group (8.4%vs.2.6%,x2 =5.573,P =0.017).The proportion of small artery occlusion in the reduced renal function group was sigaificantly higher than that in the normal renal function group (66.2% vs.46.5%,x2 =9.962,P =0.002),and the proportion of large artery atherosclerosis was significantly lower than that in the normal renal function group (19.7% vs.43.5%,x2 =15.045,P =0.000).Multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that old age (odds ratio [ OR] 3.301,95% confidence interval [ CI],1.575 to 6.918; P=0.002) was the most important independent risk factor for reduced renal function,then was female (OR,2.291,95% CI 1.355to 3.872; P=0.002) and hyperlipidemia (OR,2.527,95% CI 1.095 to 5.831; P=0.030).Conclusions Reduced renal function in patients with ischemic stroke is strongly associated with old age,female,and hyperlipidemia.

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