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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490840


Objective To compare the difference in radiotherapy dose caused by different ways of adding bolus.Methods A total of 20 patients who needed to receive postmastectomy chest wall irradiation from October to December on 2014 were selected.Each patient underwent two CT scans;CT-1 was to perform CT scan directly without bolus, and CT-2 was to perform CT scan after adding bolus to the body surface.An equivalent bolus was added for CT-1 in the radiotherapy planning system, and Plan-1, which met the clinical requirements, was performed.Then Plan-1 was put on CT-2 through image fusion and plan verification to develop Plan-2, which was to develop plans with equivalent boluses at other times and perform radiotherapy with a bolus added to the surface of the body.At last, CT-2 was used to perform radiotherapy Plan-3, which met the clinical requirements.The paired t-test was used for comparison of clinical data between any two plans with SPSS 19.0.Results The V20 of the whole lung, V20 of the diseased lung, V30 of the heart, and Dmax of the healthy breast showed no significant differences across the three plans (P=0.074-0.871).The V50 , V55 , conformity index, and homogeneity index of the planning target showed significant differences across the three plans, and the total number of monitor units showed a significant difference between Plan-1 and Plan-2(P=0.002-0.049).The dose distribution in the target volume and the number of monitor units in each radiation field also showed significant differences.Conclusions When the equivalent bolus is added to the body surface before CT scan, such a plan can accurately reflect the dose distribution of the planning target and the dose to organs at risk.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467382


Objective To investigate the efficacy and safety of three?dimensional radiotherapy (3DRT) with concurrent chemotherapy for stage IV non?small?cell lung cancer ( NSCLC). Methods A total of 198 eligible patients from 2008 to 2012 were enrolled as subjects. With an age ranging between 18 and 80 years and a Karnofsky Performance Status ( KPS) score of 70 or more, those patients had no contraindication for radiotherapy and chemotherapy, and were newly diagnosed with stage IV NSCLC confirmed by histology or cytology, as well as limited metastatic disease (≤3 organs). Survival rates and acute toxicities in those patients were evaluated. Results The 3?year follow?up rate was 98?? 5% and the 3?year sample size was 165. The median overall survival (OS) and progression?free survival (PFS) were 13?? 0 months (95% CI,11?? 7 ?14?? 3 months) and 9?? 0 months (95% CI,7?? 7 ?10?? 3 months), respectively, while the 1?, 2?, and 3?year OS rates were 53?? 5%, 15?? 8%, and 9?? 2%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that a primary tumor volume smaller than 134 cm3 , a stable or increased KPS score after treatment, and a radiation dose of 63 Gy or more were independent prognostic factors for longer survival time ( P=0?? 008;P= 0?? 010;P= 0?? 014). The incidence rates of grade 3?4 neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, anemia, grade 3 radiation esophagitis, and grade 3 radiation pneumonitis were 37?? 9%, 10?? 1%, 6?? 9%, 2?? 5%, and 6?? 6%, respectively. The main cause of death was distant metastasis, and only 10% of the patients died of recurrence alone. Conclusions 3DRT with concurrent chemotherapy achieves satisfactory treatment outcomes with tolerable toxicities for stage IV NSCLC. Primary tumor volume, change in the KPS score after treatment, and radiation dose are independent prognostic factors for OS.Clinical Trial Registry Chinese Clinical Reistry,registration number:ChiCTRC10001026.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-602246


Objective To investigate Feining granule on prevention and treatment of rat with radiation-induced lung injur ( RILI) and its effect on cytokine transforming growth factor-β1(TGF-β1), interleukin-1 (IL-1), interleukin-6 (IL-6).Methods 105 SD female rats were selected, according to random number table, and divided into seven groups: normal group, model group, dexamethasone group(positive drug), Feining granule low-dose group (FN low-dose group), FN medial-dose group, FN high-dose group and FN prevention group, 15 rats in each group.Except for normal group, all remaining groups received the X-ray irradiation of 15Gy, DT30Gy/2f/1w.FN prevention group were intragastric infused with FN granule one week before irradiation, and the other groups 48 h after irradiation.Five rats were sacrificed randomly at 2, 4, 6 weeks respectively, and right lung tissues were taken out.The contents of TGF-β1, IL-1 and IL-6 were detected by immunohistochemical method.ResuIts TGF-β1, IL-1 and IL-6 contents in lung tissue of model group at 2, 4, 6 weeks were higher than those of normal group (P<0.05).The above indicators after treated by Feining granule were lower than those of model group at each time (P<0.05),with a concentration-dependence manner to some extent.The above indicators in FN high-, medial-and low-dose group were higher than those in dexamethasone group (P<0.05), to some extent.However, the above indicators in FN prevention group were lower than those in dexamethasone group ( P<0.05 ) .ConcIusion Feining granule could prevent and cure radiation induced lung injury through decreasing TGF-β1, IL-1 and IL-6 content.The efficacy of dexamethasone is stronger than FN treatment groups, but is weaker than FN prevention.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-577543


AIM:To investigate the antiemetic effect of preadministration of Banxia Fuling Capsule(Rhizoma Zingiberis recens,Rhizoma Pinelliae,Poria,etc)(BFC)in pigeons and dogs,and to explore the relationship between antiemetic effect of BFC and 5-hydroxytryptamine(5-HT).METHODS:The pigeons and dogs were pretreated with BFC for 3 days.Acute emesis of pigeons and dogs induced by intravenously injecting cisplatin were observed.The concentraction of 5-HT in the serum,small intestine and brainstem of the animals were determined by spectrofluorimetry.RESULTS:The number and incidence of the emesis decreased in the treatment of BFC in dogs and pigeons;The levels of 5-HT in brainstem and small intestine decreased in pigeons,and so was it in the serum of dogs.CONCLUSION:BFC may inhibit emesis induced by cisplatin in dogs and pigeons,the antiemetic effect of BFC may decrease the synthesis and release of 5-HT in brainstem and small intestine.