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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879520

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the mutation site in a pedigree affected with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) and verify its impact on the protein function.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples were collected from the proband and his pedigree members for the extraction of genomic DNA. Mutational analysis was performed on the proband through whole-exome sequencing. Suspected variant was verified by Sanger sequencing. A series of molecular methods including PCR amplification, restriction enzyme digestion, ligation and transformation were also used to construct wild-type and mutant eukaryotic expression vectors of the PKD2 gene, which were transfected into HEK293T and HeLa cells for the observation of protein expression and cell localization.@*RESULTS@#The proband was found to harbor a c.2051dupA (p. Tyr684Ter) frame shift mutation of the PKD2 gene, which caused repeat of the 2051st nucleotide of its cDNA sequence and a truncated protein. Immunofluorescence experiment showed that the localization of the mutant protein within the cell was altered compared with the wild-type, which may be due to deletion of the C-terminus of the PKD2 gene.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.2051dupA (p. Tyr684Ter) mutation of the PKD2 gene probably underlay the pathogenesis of ADPKD in this pedigree.


Subject(s)
DNA Mutational Analysis , Female , Frameshift Mutation , HEK293 Cells , HeLa Cells , Humans , Male , Pedigree , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Dominant/physiopathology , Protein Kinases/genetics , Protein Transport/genetics , Whole Exome Sequencing
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879452

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical effect of intramedullary nailing through suprapatellar, infrapatellar and paracpatellar approach in treating tibial shaft fracture.@*METHODS@#From June 2012 to June 2018, 36 patients with tibial shaft fracture were treated with intramedullary nails, and were divided into three groups according to surgical approach. Twleve patients were through suprapatellar approach, including 7 males and 5 females aged from 25 to 53 years old with an average of (37.8±11.4) years old;and 4 patients were type A, 4 patients were type B, and 4 patients were type C according to AO classification. Ten patients were through infrapatellar approach, including 6 males and 4 females aged from 19 to 56 years old with an average of (35.6±10.0) years old;and 3 patients were type A, 4 patients were type B, and 3 patients were type C according to AO classification. Forteen patients were through paracpatellar approach, including 8 males and 6 females aged from 21 to 58 years old with an average of (36.6±10.0) years old;and 4 patients were type A, 6 patients were type B, and 4 patients were type C according to AO classification. Operation time, intraoperative blood loss, fluoroscopy times, fracture healing time and complications among three groups were observed, and knee joint functions were evaluated by Lysholm score.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 12 to 18 months with an average of (15.0±3.0) months. There were no difference in intraoperative blood loss and fracture healing time among three groups (@*CONCLUSION@#intramedullary nailing through suprapatellar for the treatment of tibial shaft fracture is benefit for fracture healing and recovery of knee joint function, while infrapatellar and paracpatellar approach have advantages in exposure of insertion point. We should select approach reasonably according to our experience.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Nails , Diaphyses , Female , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tibia , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
3.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1035-1039, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867359

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of arthroscopic debridement combined with high lateral tibial osteotomy and Giebel plate internal fixation in the treatment of varus knee osteoarthritis.Methods:From January 2016 to June 2018, 78 patients (96 knees) with varus knee osteoarthritis in Beijing Delcony Orthopedic hospital were treated by arthroscopic debridement combined with closed lateral tibial osteotomy and Giebel plate internal fixation. The femoral tibial angle (FTA) and hospital for special surgery knee score (HSS) score of knee joint were compared before and after operation.Results:70 patients (86 knees) were followed up for 12 to 28 months, with an average of 22.4 months. Bone healing was achieved at the osteotomy site 8 to 14 weeks after operation. Pain symptoms were relieved or disappeared significantly. The force line of X-ray examination was maintained at the postoperative level. The average knee femoral tibial angle was 187.6°preoperatively and 172.5° postoperatively, which showed significant statistical difference ( P<0.05). HSS knee score criteria: excellent: 70 knees; good: 10 knees; medium: 4 knees; poor: 2 knees. The excellent and good rate was 93.0%. The HSS score increased from (69.0±3.6) before operation to (87.2±8.1) after operation, with significant difference ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Arthroscopic debridement combined with high lateral tibial osteotomy and Giebel plate internal fixation is a very good method for the treatment of varus knee osteoarthritis, which is worthy of further clinical application.

4.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 846-850, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801207

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD).@*Methods@#The clinicopathological data of patients of renal cell carcinoma arising in end-stage renal disease were collected from the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University (ten cases) and 971 Hospital of PLA Navy (five cases) from January 2009 to August 2018.@*Results@#Among 15 patients, 14 were male and 1 was female, and the age ranged from 38 to 78 years (mean 51 years, median 49 years). All patients had history of chronic renal failure (7-192 months), including 9 patients treated with hemodialysis for 6 to 132 months. In 12 cases the tumor border was distinct and the tumor size ranged from 1.8 to 11.0 cm. Two cases were multifocal and one case showed extensive renal hemorrhage with an inconspicuous tumor mass. Microscopically, 9 cases were clear cell reanl cell carcinoma including one with sarcomatoid differentiation, 4 were acquired cystic kidney disease-associated(ACKD-RCC) and two were papillary renal cell carcinoma. All patients had a follow-up of 3 to 120 months. Four patients died during a follow-up of 6 to 60 months (mean 30 months) as a result of extensive distant metastases (two cases) and renal failure (two cases), while other eleven patients were alive without tumor recurrence or metastasis (median 40.8 months of follow-up ranging from 3 to 120 months).@*Conclusions@#ESRD-RCC is more often seen in younger male patients. The time intervals from the onset of chronic renal failure to the diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma differ and tumors are frequently incidental findings. The histological types can be sporadic renal cell carcinoma or unique ACKD-RCC. Tumors are often hemorrhagic and necrotic. Routine physical examination and early detection could benefit ESRD-RCC patients. ESRD-RCC may have a favorable prognosis despite of a large tumor size or the presence of sarcomatoid differentiation.

5.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 762-766, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796829

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinicopathological features of indolent T-cell lymphoproliferative disorder of the gastrointestinal tract.@*Methods@#Five cases of indolent T-cell lymphoproliferative disorder of the gastrointestinal tract from the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from 2016 to 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. The clinical and pathological parameters were analyzed by combining clinical data and reviewing the available literature of 35 cases (34 cases abroad and 1 case in China).@*Results@#There were 4 males and 1 female with a median age of 47 years (18-66 years). All patients had abdominal pain and constitutional symptoms including diarrhea, emaciation, intermittent mucous stool or oral and epiglottic ulcers. Endoscopic manifestations included multiple punctate congestion, erosion and ulcer at the terminal ileum and colorectum. Two cases had congestion and erosion of antrum and angle of stomach, and the lesions did not fuse and form tumors. Histologically, the lamina propria was expanded by a dense, medium to small lymphocyte infiltration, which was monomorphic, with slightly irregular nuclei without prominent nucleolus or lymphoepithelial lesions. There were admixed small amount of plasma cells and eosinophils. In 4 cases, immunohistochemistry showed the lesional cells were positive for CD3, CD8, TIA1, and negative for CD4, CD56, granzyme B and Ki-67 index was ≤10%. In situ hybridization showed that EBER was negative and clonal TCR gene rearrangement was detected. One consultation case was CD3+, CD5- and Ki-67 index of 10%, although other indicators were not done. All five patients were treated with symptomatic support. In follow-up observation for 2 to 25 months, all patients were alive with the disease.@*Conclusions@#Indolent T-cell lymphoproliferative disorder of the gastrointestinal tract is a newly classified monoclonal T-cell proliferative disease, with low incidence, clinical inertia and long-term survival. It has unique clinicopathological features but pathologically it is easily misdiagnosed as inflammatory bowel disease or T-cell lymphoma. Correct diagnosis is of great important clinical significance.

6.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 120-126, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810450

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinicopathologic characteristics, molecular and genetic features, differential diagnoses and prognosis of fumarate hydratase-deficient renal cell carcinoma (FH-RCC).@*Methods@#The immunohistochemical (IHC) expression of FH in 391 renal neoplasms in tissue chips collected from the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University and 971 Hospital of PLA Navy from January 2011 to December 2017 was evaluated. The clinicopathologic data of eight FH negative cases were collected.Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequencing were used to detect the changes in FH gene in three cases. Interphase FISH with a dual color and break-apart probe was applied to detect the TFE3 gene alteration in the cases showing TFE3 protein expression.@*Results@#Among the eight patients, seven were male and one was female, and age ranged from 28 to 50 years (mean 39 years). Tumor size ranged from 3.5 cm to 12.0 cm (mean 7.9 cm). Renal pelvis invasion was identified in six cases, and the tumor emboli in renal vein and inferior vena cava were found in four patients. The cut surface of most tumors was solid, colorful, grayish white or yellow with no clear border showing invasive growth pattern. Microscopically, the tumors showed different proportions of papillary, tubular cystic, cribriform and solid structures. The tumor cells were rounded or polygonal with eosinophilic or amphotropic cytoplasm, round or oval nuclei, and focal large and prominent nucleoli (WHO/ISUP grade 3-4). Two cases had sarcomatoid or rhabdoid components. Intravascular tumor emboli were found in five cases. IHC staining showed most tumors expressed PAX8(7/8), CK19(7/8), vimentin (6/8) and P504s(8/8). However, other immunomarkers including CK7, CD10, CD117, RCC, 34βE12, HMB45 and Melan A were all negative. Sequencing showed all three cases had FH gene mutations in exon 1. FISH revealed no TFE3 gene translocation or amplification in the two cases with TFE3 IHC expression. Follow-up data were available in seven patients with the follow-up period from 11 to 66 months. Among them, five patients died between 11 to 31 months after the surgery because of extensive distant metastases of the tumor to the lung, liver and lymph nodes. The other two patients were alive at the 36th and 66th month after the surgery.@*Conclusions@#Morphologically, FH-RCC overlaps with papillary RCC, collecting duct carcinoma and tubular-cystic RCC, showing a mixture of papillary, tubular cystic, cribriform or tubular papillary structures with at least focal large and prominent nucleoli. The negative expression of FH and the detection of FH gene mutation could facilitate the diagnosis of the tumor. FH-RCC is a high aggressive tumor, prone to metastasize, and is associated with poor prognosis. The timely diagnosis of FH-RCC could benefit the patients and their relatives as well.

7.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 851-856, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807647

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinicopathologic characteristics, diagnostic features and prognosis of primary renal neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC). @*Methods@#The clinicopathologic data of eight cases of renal NEC was collected from January 2008 to December 2017 from Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University. Immunohistochemical staining was performed, and follow-up information was analyzed, and the relevant literature reviewed. @*Results@#The patients′ mean age at diagnosis was 45 years (range, 27-66 years); five were women, and three were men. The tumors located on the left side in five patients, and on the right side in three. Five cases were detected incidentally, and three patients presented with loin pain. Microscopically, these cases included five well-differentiated NECs (three carcinoids, two atypical carcinoids), two small cell NECs, and one large cell NEC according to the World Health Organization classification of 2016. The tumors infiltrated the renal capsule in six cases. Necrosis was found in five cases. Vascular invasion with tumor emboli was seen in three cases. Lymph node metastasis was identified in one case. Immunohistochemically, the expression rates of neuroendocrine markers CD56, chromogranin A (CgA) and synaptophysin (Syn) were 6/8, 4/8, and 8/8 respectively. Some of the NECs were positive for epithelial markers CKpan (6/8, with three cases showing focal positivity) and CAM5.2 (4/8) of variable degrees. The Ki-67 proliferation index was≤3% in the carcinoids; ≥50% in the small cell carcinoma and large cell carcinoma; and 5% and 8% for the two cases of atypical carcinoid, respectively. All cases were negative for EMA, CK7, CA9, CD10, CD117, PAX2, PAX8, WT1, p63, S-100 and TTF1. Three patients (two with small cell carcinoma and one with large cell carcinoma) died of extensive metastases at 3 months, 4 months and 9 months after operation, while five patients were well, without recurrence or distant metastasis for follow-up period of one to nine years. @*Conclusions@#Primary renal NEC is rare. Carcinoid is the most common histological type. The pathomorphological features and neuroendocrine markers (CD56, CgA, Syn), epithelial markers (CKpan, CAM5.2) and nephrogenic markers (PAX2, PAX8) are important for the diagnosis. Renal carcinoid tumors are indolent and prone to early metastasis, but are associated with prolonged survival. The small cell renal cell carcinoma and large cell carcinoma are highly malignant renal tumors with poor prognosis and short survival.

8.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 822-826, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807642

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigation HER2 status in gastric adenocarcinoma of Chinese and contributing factors to the HER2 expression. @*Methods@#HER2 status of 40 842 gastric adenocarcinomas and clinical data were retrospectively collected from 23 hospitals dated from 2013 to 2016. The association between HER2 positivity and clinicopathologic features was analyzed. @*Results@#Of the 40 842 patients the median age was 62 years, the male female ratio was 2.6∶1.0. The rate of HER2 positivity was 8.8% (3 577/40 842). HER2 expression was related to the tissue type, tumor location, Lauren classification and tumor differentiation (P values: 0.009, 0.001, <0.01 and <0.01, respectively). Different HER2 expression status was observed between primary and recurrent tumors in 7.6% (48/635) cases. The rates of HER2 positivity ranged from 2% to 10% among different institutions. The rates of HER2 FISH amplification were dramatically different among the 23 hospitals (0-100%) with an average rate of 10% (810/8 156) in patients with HER2 IHC 2+ . @*Conclusions@#HER2 expression is associated with clinicopathologic characteristics. HER2 re-assessment of tumor tissue and use of in situ hybridization techniques increase HER2 positivity. The current retrospective study should reflect the HER2 status in gastric adenocarcinoma of Chinese patients.

9.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 366-371, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809960

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical (IHC), histogenetic and prognostic features of acquired cystic kidney disease-associated renal cell carcinoma (ACKD-RCC).@*Methods@#Three cases of ACKD-RCC, including two from 401 Hospital of PLA and one from the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University were studied by clinical, histological and IHC analysis with review of relevant literature.@*Results@#All the three patients were male, ranging from 46 to 78 years old. All patients had history of chronic renal failure; two patients were treated with hemodialysis for 9 years and 11 years, respectively. In two cases the tumor sizes were 2.5 cm and 3.5 cm, respectively, and the tumor border was distinct. The remaining case showed extensive renal hemorrhage with an inconspicuous mass. Microscopically, the tumor cells were arranged in cribriform, microcystic or acinar structures, with variable papillary structure in one case. Hemorrhage of varying degrees was seen in all three cases, and obvious necrosis was noted in two. The tumor cells had deeply eosinophilic cytoplasm, indistinct cell border, round or oval nuclei, and prominent nucleoli (WHO/ISUP grade 3). Mitoses were rare. Abundant oxalate crystals were seen in two cases. The renal mesenchyme of all three cases were atrophic with variable cystic changes of the renal tubules, the lining cells showed atypical hyperplasia. IHC staining showed all tumors were diffusely positive for vimentin, CD10, RCC, CAM5.2, P504s and mitochondria in the cytoplasm, and were variably positive for EMA (2/3), CK7 (1/3), CA9 (1/3) and PAX8 (3/3). All cases were negative for CD117, HMB45, Melan A and TFE3. After 3-14 months follow-up, one patient died from renal failure six months after surgery. The other two patients were alive without tumor recurrence or metastasis.@*Conclusions@#ACKD-RCC is a very rare renal cell carcinoma. The specific cribriform structure, deeply eosinophilic cytoplasm, prominent nucleoli (WHO/ISUP grade 3), and oxalate crystals deposition, associated with the history of ACKD could aid the diagnosis. ACKD-RCC arises from the proximal renal tubule and its histogenesis might be associated with proliferation and malignant change of the atypical epithelial cells of the cystic renal tubules. ACKD-RCC may have a favorable prognosis except for tumors with sarcomatoid differentiation.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664690

ABSTRACT

Background:Rectal cancer is a common malignant tumor of alimentary tract.It has been demonstrated that oxaliplatin-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy is effective for rectal cancer,however,its mechanism is not fully clarified.Aims:To explore the effect of neoadjuvant chemnotherapy with FOLFOX4 (folinic acid,fluorouracil,and oxaliplatin) on expressions of Ki-67,a proliferating cell-associated nuclear antigen,matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2),and Fas,a death receptor in cancerous tissue of patients with rectal cancer.Methods:A total of 104 cases of patients with histologically proven rectal cancer from Aug.2014 to Feb.2016 at Central Hospital of China National Petroleum Corporation were enrolled prospectively and randomly allocated into treatment group (n =58) and control group (n =46).Patients in treatment group finished 6 cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy with FOLFOX4 before surgery,and those in control group underwent surgery directly.Expressions of Ki-67,MMP-2 and Fas protein in cancerous tissue of surgical specimens were determined immunohistochemically.Results:Immunoreactivity of Ki-67 mainly located in the nucleus of rectal cancer cells,and those of MMP-2 and Fas mainly located in the cytoplasm.Expression rates of Ki-67 and MMP-2 were significantly lower in treatment group than in control group (41.4% vs.80.4%,P < 0.05;36.2% vs.73.9%,P < 0.05),while those of Fas was significantly higher in treatment group than in control group (62.1% vs.32.6%,P < 0.05).Conclusions:The therapeutic effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy with FOLFOX4 on rectal cancer might be associated with the inhibition of proliferative,invasive and metastatic capacities and induction of apoptosis in cancer cells.

11.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 3200-3204, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503310

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics of diffuse alveolar hemorrhage. Methods 12 patients with diffuse alveolar hemorrhage hospitalized in Guangzhou NO.1 Hospital were included in the research, whose clinical characteristics were analyzed. Results 7 cases of the 12 diffuse alveolar hemorrhage cases were male and 5 cases were female. 8 cases were caused by ANCA associated vasculitis , 1 cases by connective tissue disease, 1 cases by poisoning, and 2 cases of unknown etiology (medication could be considered). The clinical manifestations were fever (91.67%), hemoptysis (100%), anemia (100%), and dyspnea (3.33%). Conclusion Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage is a life-threatening clinical syndrome. It can be caused by many causes. It should be considered if there is the presence of hemoptysis, dyspnea, anemia, etc. Timely examination and early intervention can effectively improve the prognosis of the disease.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497644

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate correlative relations between the ultrasonic classification diagnosis and the clinicopathological features of thyroid calcification lesions.Methods The clinical data of 198 cases diagnosed as thyroid calcification lesions by ultrasonic,surgery and pathology were retrospectively analyzed.Spearman method was used to analyze the relationship of TCL ultrasonic diagnosis,clinical pathological traits and the classification of differentiated thyroid carcinoma(DTC).Results Among the 198 TCL cases,ultrasonic diagnosis and pathologic diagnosis were accordant in 178 (90.40%) cases.Among 119(60.10%) cases of thyroid carcinoma (TC),101 cases(84.87%)were papillary carcinoma,11 cases(9.24%)were follicular carcinoma,5 cases(4.20%) were medullary carcinoma and 2 cases(1.68%)were anaplastic carcinoma.Among 79 cases (39.90%) of benign lesions,34 cases(43.04%)were adenoma,27 cases(34.18%)were nodular goiter,and 18 cases(22.78%)were hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT).Calcified classification were as following 74 cases (37.37%)were type Ⅰ a and 4 cases (2.02%) were type Ⅰ b(both were TC);20 cases(10.10%)were type Ⅰ c,among which 19 cases were nodular goiter,and 1 case was TC.Among the 37 cases (23.74%) of type Ⅱ,28 cases were TC,and 19 cases were benign lesions.Among the 20 cases(10.10%) of type Ⅲ,8 cases were TC,and 12 cases were benign lesions.Among 22 cases(11.11%) of type Ⅳ,2 cases were TC,and 20 cases were benign lesions.Among 11 cases(5.56%) of type V patients,2 cases were TC,and 9 cases were benign lesions.The rate of TC with cervical metastasis was 41.18%(49/119).68.91%(82/119) of carcinoma nodules were grade Ⅱ-Ⅲ in color Doppler flow imaging (CDFI),grade 0-Ⅰ were mainly benign nodules,and grade Ⅲ with mussy blood flow in CDFI were HT.Conclusions Type Ⅰ a and Ⅰ b micro calcification is the pathological basis of ultrasonic diagnosis of papillary thyroid carcinoma and follicular carcinoma,which is closely related to DTC.Calcified isolation nodule of type Ⅱ and Ⅲ with level Ⅱ-Ⅲ bleeding is a risk factor for TC.Type Ⅰ c,Ⅲ,Ⅳ and Ⅴcalcification is closely related to benign TCL.CDFI has important value for identifying benign and malignant CLT.

13.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 823-826, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286716

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinicopathological features and prognosis of renal cell carcinoma with sarcomatoid differentiation (RCCS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data and pathological materials of 18 RCCS cases were retrospectively reviewed.The follow up data were available in 13 RCCS cases, and were compared with the follow up data of 20 cases of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 18 RCCS patients included 14 males and 4 females, and were 49-79 years old (mean age: 62 years old). On gross examination, the tumor size was 3-19 cm in diameter (mean diameter: 9.8 cm). Histologically, all tumors were composed of a mixture of typical RCC with sarcomatoid component, including 9 clear cell RCC, 3 chromophobe RCC and one papillary RCC. The sarcomatoid components included 9 cases of fibrosarcoma, 3 cases of leiomyosarcoma, 5 cases of malignant fibrous histocytoma and one case of undifferentiated sarcoma. Immunohistochemistry showed that the sarcomatoid components were strongly vimentin-positive in 18 cases, and one or more epithelial markers (EMA, AE1/AE3, CK7, CK18) were expressed to varying degrees in 14 cases, but the high-molecular weight keratin 34βE12 was scarcely expressed. The sarcomatoid components presented positive expressions of CAIX in 88.9% (16/18) and CD10 in 72.2% (13/18) cases. Among the 18 RCCS patients, 13 patients were followed-up: 9 patients died in 1-25 months after the surgery, of which 5 cases died of lung or bone metastasis, and 4 patients died of systemic failure. The twenty RCC cases without sarcomatoid differentiation were followed up for 3-65 months after the surgery, and the majority of them was alive uneventfully except for 2 cases who died of lung or bone metastasis of the tumor. The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the median survival time of the 18 RCCS patients was 8 months, while that of the 20 RCC cases without sarcomatoid differentiation was 62 months (P<0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The presence of sarcomatoid differentiation in renal cell carcinoma indicates highly aggressive behavior and poor prognosis. The positive expressions of the immune markers CAIX and CD10 may play important roles in the transformation from renal cell carcinoma to sarcomatoid component.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Biomarkers, Tumor , Metabolism , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Metabolism , Mortality , Pathology , Female , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Kidney Neoplasms , Metabolism , Mortality , Pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Sarcoma , Metabolism , Mortality , Pathology , Tumor Burden
14.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 767-771, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278539

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the immunohistochemical expression of S100A1, GLUT-1 and Cavolin-1 and its diagnostic significance in renal tumors with oncocytic features.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Tissue microarray and immunohistochemical staining for S100A1, GLUT-1 and Cavolin-1 were carried out in 59 cases of renal tumors with oncocytic features, including 19 cases of renal oncocytoma, 15 cases of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC) with eosinophilic cells, 11 cases of eosinophilic variant of chromophobe renal cell carcinoma, 7 cases of oncocytic papillary renal cell carcinoma and 7 cases of epithelioid angiomyolipoma.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>S100A1 was expressed in renal oncocytoma, with a positive propotion of 16/19 (including 14 cases showing widespread and strong positivity). On the other hand, the rate of expression of S100A1 was 2/11 in eosinophilic variant of chromophobe renal cell carcinoma, 10/15 in CCRCC with eosinophilic cells, 3/7 in oncocytic papillary renal cell carcinoma and 6/7 in epithelioid angiomyolipoma (P>0.05). The difference of S100A1 expression between renal oncocytoma and eosinophilic variant of chromophobe renal cell carcinoma was statistically significant. GLUT-1 was located in cell membrane, with a positive rate of 13/15 in CCRCC with eosinophilic cells, 7/19 in renal oncocytoma, 4/7 (weak) in oncocytic papillary renal cell carcinoma, 1/11 in eosinophilic variant of chromophobe renal cell carcinoma and 0/7 in epithelioid angiomyolipoma. The rate of expression of Cav-1 was 6/15 in CCRCC with eosinophilic cells, 2/7 in oncocytic papillary renal cell carcinoma, 5/7 in epithelioid angiomyolipoma, 2/11 (weak) in eosinophilic variant of chromophobe renal cell carcinoma and 0/19 in renal oncocytoma. S100A1 showed high sensitivity and 50% specificity in the diagnosis of renal oncocytoma. GLUT-1 and Cav-1 showed high specificity and sensitivity in the diagnosis of CCRCC and epithelioid angiomyolipoma.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>S100A1 is widely expressed in various oncocytic renal neoplasms and helpful in differential diagnosis of renal oncocytoma from eosinophilic variant of chromophobe renal cell carcinoma, but not from other 3 oncocytic renal tumors. Overexpression of GLUT-1 can be used in distinction between CCRCC and renal oncocytoma. Cav-1 is widely expressed in CCRCC and epithelioid angiomyolipoma but not in renal oncocytoma. Cav-1 expression thus rules out renal oncocytoma.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenoma, Oxyphilic , Diagnosis , Metabolism , Angiomyolipoma , Diagnosis , Metabolism , Biomarkers, Tumor , Metabolism , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Diagnosis , Metabolism , Caveolin 1 , Metabolism , Diagnosis, Differential , Glucose Transporter Type 1 , Metabolism , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Kidney Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Metabolism , S100 Proteins , Metabolism , Sensitivity and Specificity
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465023

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore clinical value of the color Doppler ultrasonic(CDU)and TNM staging of renal cell carcinoma.Methods 265 cases of renal cell carcinoma(RCC)confirmed by surgical pathology were retro-spectively analyzed.According to the WHO 2004 pathological types of classification standards and the American Joint Committee on Cancer(AJCC)cancer staging manual/6th TNMstaging criteria.The analyzed application of a CDFI to TNMstaging of renal cell carcinoma,and surgical pathology results werecompared.Results 265 cases of RCC and right kidney in 136 cases,129 cases of left kidney;Diameter of 1.5 -12.8cm;Pathological diagnosis of renal clear cell carcinoma in 226 cases(85.28%),28 cases of papillary renal cell carcinoma(10.57%),renal too color cell car-cinoma in 5 cases(1.89%),4 cases of multilocular cystic renal cell carcinoma(1.51%),Bellini duct carcinoma in 2 cases(0.75%).Diagnosis results of CDU and pathological in 250 cases(94.34%),CDU misdiagnosis leakage 15 cases(5.66%).Within the kidney showed low echo or high echo,and mixed echo lumps,and invasive growth to the surrounding tissues or organs sign for it.CDU showed the various blood flow signals were given priority to with renal clear cell carcinoma;CDU and surgical pathology TNMstaging coincidence rate was 90.40%(226 /250),inclu-ding T1 N0 -1 M0 ,T2 N0 -1 M0 ,T3 N0 -2 M0 -1 and T4 N0 -2 M0 -1 of coincidence rate were 92.12%(152 /165),85.71%(36 /42),82.14%(23 /28)and 100.00%(15 /15).Conclusion CDU can be used as the preferred method of diag-nosis and evaluation of renal cell carcinoma,which can can provide valuable information for TNMstaging.

16.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 4367-4369,4372, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-602616

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of the application of tranexamic acid in unilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA)with different methods .Methods Totally 120 cases of primary unilateral TKA patients admitted from June 2013 to May 2012 were studied ,including 33 males and 97 females ,with the average age of (65 ± 9) years (31 to 81 years) .Patients were divided into intravenous tranexamic acid group (group V ) ,topical tranexamic acid group (group T ) and irrigation using tranexamic acid group (group I) ,and control group (group C) .There were 30 cases in each group .Four groups of patients had no differences in age ,gender ,body mass index and disease diagnosis ,operative time ,preoperative hemoglobin ,preoperative hematocrit differences sta‐tistically(P>0 .05) .Postoperative blood loss and blood transfusion were observed .Groups were compared using one‐way ANOVA analysis .Results The total blood loss of group V was (368 ± 95)mL ,total blood loss of group T was (407 ± 118)mL ,both were less than the control group (509 ± 96)mL ,the difference was statistically significant (P<0 .05) .The differences between the blood loss of group I (491 ± 122) mL and the control group was not statistically significant (P=0 .924) .Group V showed the least a‐mount of hidden blood loss .Group T showed the least amount of visible blood loss .There were not deep vein thrombosis ,infections and other complications in any groups .Conclusion Intravenous and topical application of tranexamic acid can significantly reduce postoperative blood loss in TKA .Irrigation with tranexamic acid can not reduce the blood loss effectively .

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-288181

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the concordance of dual-color silver enhanced in-situ hybridization (DSISH) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) in the detection of HER2 gene amplification and expression and to evaluate the values of DSISH in detecting HER2 gene status in gastric carcinoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>By using automated DSISH and IHC, HER2 gene status was detected in 230 cases of gastric cancer.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 230 cases of gastric carcinoma tested by DSISH, 43 cases were positive and 187 cases were negative; HER2 gene amplification rate was 18.7% (43/230). The expression of HER2 protein was negative, weakly, moderately and strongly positive in 115, 69, 15 and 31 cases, respectively, by IHC. HER2 protein positive rate was 13.5% (31/230). Of the 43 HER2 gene amplification cases by DSISH, 2, 10, 2 and 29 cases were negative, weakly, moderately and strongly positive by IHC; Of the 187 HER2 negative cases by DSISH, 113, 59, 13 and 2 cases were negative, weakly, moderately and strongly positive by IHC, respectively. The overall concordance of HER2 status in the investigation between IHC and DSIDH was 93.5% (201/215), with a high consistency (Kappa coefficient 0.767, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>DSISH can be applied to detect the HER2 gene status in gastric cancer and it also has a high consistency with the result of IHC. In addition, due to frequent heterogeneous expression of HER2, cases with moderate HER2 protein expression may need further assessment by DSISH.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Esophagogastric Junction , Female , Gene Amplification , Genes, erbB-2 , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , In Situ Hybridization , Methods , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Male , Middle Aged , Phosphoproteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Polyploidy , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Metabolism , Silver Staining , Stomach Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism
18.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 723-727, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304405

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and the diagnosis of multilocular cystic renal cell carcinoma (MCRCC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinicopathological data of 19 MCRCC cases were collected and immunohistochemical staining assays were carried out. Forty-six cases of other cystic kidney lesions within the same period were collected as controls, including extensively cystic clear cell RCC (12 cases), clear cell tubulopapillary renal cell carcinoma (6 cases), tubulocystic carcinoma (2 cases), simple cortical cysts (22 cases), multilocular cystic nephroma (1 cases) and multicystic kidney (3 cases).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The patients included 14 males and 5 females. The ages ranged from 31 to 66 years (median age = 50 years). Most of the MCRCC cases were detected incidentally in physical examination, occasionally accompanied with hematuria, back pain or other symptoms. The follow-up period of 17 patients ranged from 6 to 170 months. All patients were alive without evidence of tumor recurrence or metastasis. Pathological findings showed that macroscopically, tumor size ranges from 1.5 to 7.0 cm in the maximum diameter, generally a entirely of various sized. The cysts contain serous, hemorrhagic or turbid fluid. Solid areas or substantially discernible mural nodules were absent; histologicallly, single layer of cuboidal and flattened epithelial tumor cells were lined in the cysts, described as clear cytoplasm, small nuclear, no nucleoli and low Fuhrman nuclear grade (I or II). Multilayer tumor cells could be observed in a few cysts, with granular cytoplasm and small intracystic papillae formed. The clear tumor cell clusters, similar as cystic lined tumor cells, were seen within pathological fibrous in almost all cases, and significant myofibroblastic proliferation was found in 14 cases. Immunohistochemically, the cysts lined epithelial cells and the clear tumor cell clusters were positive for epithelium markers, including CKpan(19/19), EMA(16/19) and CK7 (15/19); higher percentage of CAIX (17/19) and PAX8(15/19) than control groups, but lower percentage of CD10 (7/19), RCC (6/19) and AMACR(2/19); and all were negative for 34βE12, CD117 and CD68.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Multilocular cysts, clear cells clusters of low Fuhrman grade within fibrous septa and capillary vessel proliferation under epithelium are important features of MCRCC. The united using of CAIX, CK7, CD10 and RCC is helpful for differentiating variable cystic renal tumor. MCRCC usually has an excellent prognosis, nephron sparing surgery is first recommended as a therapeutic strategy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell , Metabolism , Pathology , Biomarkers , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Metabolism , Pathology , Cysts , Metabolism , Pathology , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Humans , Kidney Diseases, Cystic , Metabolism , Pathology , Kidney Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Prognosis , Racemases and Epimerases , Metabolism
19.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 736-741, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304402

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and the prognosis of bladder neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinicopathological data from 17 NEC of the bladder cases were collected, and immunohistochemical staining was performed with follow-up analysis and literature review.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The recruited included 13 male and 4 female patients, aged from 48 to 86 years old (average 61 years; 14 patients >60 years). Gross hematuria of the whole urination course or intermittent was the initial symptom. Macroscopically, the outer surface of the tumor presented with polypoid, lobulated, fungating or ulcerous structures. Histologically, according to the criteria of WHO classification of neuroendocrine tumor of the lung, our NEC cases were divided into three histological types: 13 cases of small cell carcinoma, 3 cases of large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma and 1 case of atypical carcinoid. The urothelial carcinoma was concurrent with NEC in 6 cases, and adenocarcinoma was concurrent with NEC in 2 cases. Most tumor tissue infiltrated to the muscular layer, some infiltrated to the outer membrane. Immunohistochemically, the positive expression rates of CD56, Syn and CgA were 16/17, 16/17 and 12/17, respectively. The epithelial markers, including CK7 and CKpan, were also expressed with positive rates of 12/17 and 15/17, respectively. TTF-1 was positively expressed in 11 cases. The follow-up data were available in 14 cases, of which 9 patients died of the tumor 1-34 months after surgery (average, 11 months). Five patients lived uneventfully for 1-12 months after surgery.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>NEC is a rare malignant tumor of the bladder. Immunohistochemical markers such as CD56, Syn, CgA and CKpan could be helpful in determining the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of the tumor. NEC is a highly invasive malignant tumor with poor prognosis. Based on its biological behavior, radical cystectomy is the preferred method of treatment for the tumor.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Pathology , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoma, Large Cell , Pathology , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine , Classification , Pathology , Carcinoma, Small Cell , Pathology , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell , Classification , Pathology , Cystectomy , Female , Hematuria , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neuroendocrine Tumors , Classification , Pathology , Prognosis , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Classification , Pathology
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454456

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the distribution of blaOXA-51-like genes and the clonal relation-ship among Acinetobacter baumannii strains isolated from three teaching hospitals in Guangzhou , China. Methods Fifty-two Acinetobacter baumannii isolates were genotyped by multilocus sequence typing (MLST).eBURST algorithm was performed to define clonal complexes (CCs).blaOXA-51-like genes were am-plified by using polymerase chain reaction ( PCR) and sequenced .Results MLST grouped the A.bauman-nii isolates into 5 existing sequence types (STs) and 7 new STs.STn4 carried allele G1 with a T→C muta-tion at the 3rd nucleotide site (nt3) on the gpi111 locus.STn5 carried allele A1, possessing A→C muta-tions at nt156 and nt159 on the gltA1 locus.ST195 and ST208 accounted for 69.2%of all isolates.Clonal relationship analysis showed that ST 195 and ST208 belonged to CC92.Fifty-one A.baumannii isolates car-ried OXA-66 and the rest one carried OXA-199.Conclusion A.baumannii strains that belonged to CC92 and carried OXA-66 were the predominant genotype circulating in Guangzhou , China.

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