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Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 24-29, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932140


Pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma is an adrenal tumor that secrets catecholamines and is extremely rare in pregnant women. Its clinical presentation is lack of specificity, and the combination of low prevalence and nonspecific clinical presentation makes diagnosis and treatment difficult. In this study, the clinical data and prognosis of 5 pregnant patients with pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma were analyzed. It was found that hypertension first occurred in 4 patients during pregnancy, and the clinical manifestations of each case were different. Surgical treatment is the first choice in the treatment, patients who cannot operate can choose radionuclide therapy, chemotherapy and targeted therapy. Through follow-up, they all showed recurrence and metastasis at different times. Among them, the patients who continued to be pregnant to the middle and late stages of surgical treatment progressed rapidly, and there were multiple bone metastases throughout the body in a short period of time, and two cases died in a short period of time. Therefore, effective diagnosis, individualized treatment and lifelong follow-up are particularly important.

Chinese Archives of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 371-373, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495301


OBJECTIVE To investigate the clinical pathological characteristics of differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) in children and adolescents. METHODS The clinical data of 30 children and adolescents with DTC were retrospectively reviewed. Meanwhile the clinical pathological characteristics of DTC were analyzed according to patients' age and gender. RESULTS Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) was found in 27 cases and follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC) in 3 cases. The average diameter of tumors was (2.56±1.1) cm. In the group of children, the incidence of lymph node metastasis was 92.3% (12/13), pulmonary metastasis was 46.2% (6/13), and those in the group of adolescents was 88.2% (15/17) and 35.3% (6/17) respectively. Children group tended to present with more vascular invasion, thyroid capsule invasion, and invasion out of thyroid, and a higher rate of cervical lymph node metastasis (P=0.025, 0.007, 0.025, 0.033). CONCLUSION Thyroid carcinoma in childhood and adolescent has a stronger invasive feature. It is easy to local invasion, lymph node and distance metastasis.

Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 24-28, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466472


Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of 131I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (131 I-MIBG) in treatment of malignant pheochromocytoma/malignant paraganglioma (MPHEO/MPGL).Methods The clinical data of 96 cases of MPHEO/MPGL (60/36) treated with 131I-MIBG between December 1998 and April 2014 were retrospectively reviewed.Among them,the malignant pheochromocytoma was found in 60 cases and malignant paraganglioma was found in 36 cases.Seventy-eight patients (81.2%)presented initially with hypertension,whereas 18 patients (18.8%) presented adrenal incidentaloma.Before 131I-MIBG treatment,24 h urinary norepinephrine was (409.5± 127.2) nmol,24 h urinary dopamine was (99.3±41.1) nmol,24 h urine adrenaline was (1 409.9±336.0) nmol.Before treatment,the compound iodine solution was given to each one.Then,all patients were given an initial course of 131I-MIBG therapy (5.55,7.40 GBq).Subsequent 131I-MIBG treatment (5.55,7.40 GBq) was undertaken every three to six months.The patients got symptomatic,hormonal or radiological response underwent sbsequent 131I-MIBG therapy (3.70,5.55 GBq) every year.All patients underwent clinical symptoms (headache,palpitate,sweating,hypertension),biochemical (24 h urine catecholamin) and radiological evaluation (CT/MRI) within 6 months to evaluate the efficacy and safety of 131I-MIBG treatment.Results After one to eleven sessions of 131 I-MIBG treatment,in total,266 doses of 131 I-MIBG were administered,average dose was 6.49 GBq.22.9% of patients demonstrated radiological partial response (≥ 50% reduction in tumor size) after first or repeated 131 I-MIBG treatment.Eleven cases (11.5%) achieved clinical complete response,41 cases (42.7%) achieved clinical partial response and 23 cases (24.0%) maintained the stable clinic symptoms.After treatment,24 h urinary norepinephrine (164.3±71.6) nmol and dopamine (49.7±24.7) nmol showed significantly decline,compared with those before treatment (P< 0.05).While,24 h urinary epinephrine (1 354.7±433.4) nmol had no obvious change (P>0.05).No life-threatening adverse events were reported,but 2 MPGL patients developed transient leucopenia or thrombocytopenia after four and five times 131 I-MIBG treatment,respectively.Conclusions Treatment with repeated low dose 131I-MIBG is well tolerated and effective in controlling the progression and alleviating the clinical symptoms.The 131I-MIBG therapy is an effective and safe treatment modality for MPHEO/MPGL.