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1.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 107-111, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996428

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the association of (cardiometabolic index , CMI ) and ( lipid accumulation product , LAP ) with the prevalence of hypertension in adults in Pingshan District, Shenzhen, and to evaluate the predictive value of CMI and LAP for the prevalence of hypertension. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted, in which 1000 permanent residents aged 18-69 years in Pingshan District, Shenzhen were randomly selected as survey subjects. The data were collected using questionnaires, physical measurements and blood tests, and the relationship between CMI, LAP and hypertension prevalence was analyzed using logistic regression models. Results A total of 987 subjects were included in the analysis, including 471 (47.72%) males and 516 (52.28%) females, with an average age of 40.9 ± 11.1 years. Subjects of different genders were divided into groups Q1 to Q4 according to quartiles of CMI and LAP, and the prevalence of hypertension increased with increasing levels of CMI and LAP in both men and women (P for trend < 0.001). Logistic regression analysis revealed that after adjusting for variables such as age and occupation, the OR for hypertension was 1.251 (1.025-1.526) and 1.685 (1.001-2.836) for men and women, respectively, for each standard deviation increase in CMI; the OR for hypertension was 3.519 (1.343-9.222) for men in the Q4 group, compared to the CMI subgroup Q1. For each standard deviation increase in LAP, the ORs for hypertension were 1.355 (1.089-1.686) and 1.825 (1.023-3.254) for men and women, respectively; compared to LAP subgroup Q1, the ORs for hypertension in the male Q3 and Q4 groups were 2.554 (1.103-5.909) and 5.322 (2.393-11.834), while the OR for hypertension in the female Q4 group was 2.906 (1.096-7.703). ROC analysis revealed that the area under the curve (AUC) for CMI, LAP, and BMI was 0.671, 0.704, and 0.702 for males, and 0.660, 0.722, and 0.697 for females, respectively. The AUC for LAP was greater than that for CMI for different genders (P < 0.01). Conclusion The greater the CMI and LAP values in adults in Pingshan District, Shenzhen , the higher the prevalence of hypertension. CMI and LAP have certain values in predicting the prevalence of hypertension.

2.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 47-51, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973357

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the research hotspot and development trend of tiered health care system of type 2 diabetes in China. Methods The relevant research in the field of the tiered health care system of type 2 diabetes in China was sorted out and summarized by using CNKI, WangFang, VIP and Web of Science databases as search objects, and the relevant literature collected between January 1, 2009, and September 28, 2022, was searched. CiteSpace was used to describe the number of articles published, high-frequency keywords, emerging words, and trends. Results A total of 147 valid papers were included. The overall volume of related articles published showed an upward trend. After visual analysis, nine clusters were obtained, including family doctors, tiered health care system, health service system, and primary care. In the past two years, the research trends were mainly focused on primary care, general practitioners, specialist nurses, and quality of survival. Conclusion Research hotspots are focused on the areas of hierarchical diagnosis and treatment, primary care, family doctors, and community health services, with the words “medical association” and “specialist nurse” emerging in the past two years. In the future, research should be devoted to improving the tiered health care system of type 2 diabetes and opening up a multi-level cooperative research model, so as to effectively bring into play the advantages and effects of the tiered health care system.

3.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 245-250, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006744

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the molecular mechanism of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) TDRG1 in facilitating the malignant progression and poor prognosis of patients with cervical cancer. 【Methods】 Cervical cancer cell lines and normal cervical cell Ect1/E6E7 were collected. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of TDRG1. Cervical cancer cell lines were transfected with TDRG1-siRNA, and the proliferation of cancer cells was detected by CCK-8 method and cell plate cloning experiment. The invasion and migration of cancer cells were measured by Transwell experiment. The apoptosis of cancer cells was examined by flow cytometry, and the expressions of relevant proteins were tested by Western blot. 【Results】 Compared with Ect1/E6E7, cervical cancer cell lines showed relatively increased expression of TDRG1. Downregulation of TDRG1 expression inhibited the proliferation and colony formation (162±21 vs. 411±33, P<0.05), as well as the invasion and migration (invasion: 86±13 vs. 315±38, P<0.01; migration: 177±22 vs. 406±41, P<0.01) of Hela cells. Meanwhile, the apoptosis of Hela cells increased [(28±1.5)% vs. (16±1.2)%, P<0.05] and the expression of Bcl-2 protein reduced. In addition, TDRG1 knockdown also decreased the activity of autophagy in Hela cells. 【Conclusion】 TDRG1 facilitates the malignant biological progression of cervical cancer by inhibiting the apoptosis and providing a protective autophagy in cervical cells.

4.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 34-37, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820933

ABSTRACT

As the life expectancy of the population increases and traditional indexes are flawed in reflecting the health level, the concept of the healthy life expectancy has emerged, which integrates the length of the life and quality, more comprehensively reflects the health level of the population. This article has summarized the emergence and development of health life expectancy, classification of indexes, and commonly used measurement methods, as well as domestic and international application examples, and domestic research status. It proposes to establish a unified national measurement method, and make full use of big data resources in health care to comprehensively assess the health life expectancy of the population.

5.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 436-439, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805345

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the pollution characteristics and risk assessment of carcinogenicity or non-carcinogenicity on heavy metals in PM2.5 in Shenzhen.@*Methods@#PM2.5 samples were collected monthly from the year of 2014 to 2015, and analyzed by seasons. 12 heavy metal elements (Pb, Hg, Mn, Sb, Al, As, Be, Cd, Cr, Ni, Se, Tl) in PM2.5 were detected by ICP-MS spectrometry. Health risk assessment was conducted using the recommended United States Environmental Protection Agency (USA EPA) model.@*Results@#The median of PM2.5 concentration was 45.10 μg/m3 in Longgang district of Shenzhen. The non-carcinogenecity risks of the metals in PM2.5 existed in spring, autumn and winter (HQ>1). Three metal elements including As, Mn and Cd have higher HQ levels. The carcinogenecity risk levels in four seasons were winter, autumn, spring and summer, respectively. The carcinogenecity risks in four seasons were between 10-6 to 10-4. As, Cr and Cd have higher carcinogenicityrisks.@*Conclusion@#The heavy metals in PM2.5 have both carcinogenecity risk and non-carcinogenecity risk to residents in Longgang district of Shenzhen, the occupational health management must be continuously strengthened, the further research and the measures for prevention and control should be considered.

6.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 882-884, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611412

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the rational mode of hospital management under the trusteeship mode through the case study of a county-level hospital entrusted by a large general public hospital.Methods:Based on the system construction,the complete sinking of quality medical resources,the cultivation of talents and cultural integration,this paper analyzed the current situation of medical technology and service quality in hospitals before and after trusteeship by a retrospective control study.Results:The medical technology,quality and patient satisfaction of the hospital were improved significantly after trusteeship.Conclusions:The effective measures in the process of trusteeship of county-level hospitals are conducive to improve the level of medical technology and service of county -level hospitals,which can ensure the quality and safety of medical treatment,provide valuable suggestions for decision-making,and promote the development of hierarchical diagnosis and treatment.

7.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 730-733,739, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615554

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of pioglitazone on secretion of E2 and expressions of P450 aromatase (P450arom), insulin-receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1), and insulin-receptor substrate-2 (IRS-2) mRNA in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) ovarian granulosa cells.Methods In this study, granulosa cells that were fertilization-embryo transferred from 27 PCOS patients were primary cultured in vitro with different concentrations of pioglitazone (0, 10, 102, 103 and 104nmol/L) (Group A), different concentrations of pioglitazone+FSH (50ng/L, Group B) and different concentrations of pioglitazone+insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I, 50ng/L, Group C).Estradiol concentrations in the culture supernatant were detected by radioimmunoassay;P450arom, IRS-1 and IRS-2 mRNA expressions on granulosa cells were detected by Real-time PCR.Results The levels of E2 secreted by granulosa cells and the expression of P450arom mRNA on granulosa cells of PCOS for 48 hours were different among Groups A, B and C (P<0.05).With increase in pioglitazone concentration, the level of E2 and the expression of P450arom mRNA declined, some of which correlated negatively with the concentration of pioglitazone.Among these groups, the level of E2 secretion and the expression of P450arom mRNA were higher in Group C than in Group B (P<0.01) and Group A (P<0.01) at the same concentration of pioglitazone.The level of E2 secretion and the expression of P450arom mRNA were higher in Group B than in Group A (P<0.05) at the same concentration of pioglitazone.The expressions of IRS-1 and IRS-2 mRNA on granulosa cells of PCOS under pioglitazone stimulation for 48 hour were different among the groups of different pioglitazone concentrations (P<0.05).With increase inpioglitazone concentration, the expression of IRS-1 mRNA on granulosa cells of PCOS was decreased, but the expression of IRS-2 mRNA on granulosa cells of PCOS was increased.Conclusion Pioglitazone may decrease estrogen production by inhibiting p450 aromatase and adjusting the expressions of IRS-1 and IRS-2 on granulosa cells of PCOS to play a role in ovulation induction and ameliorate insulin resistance in ovary of PCOS.Pioglitazone can inhibit IGF-I and FSH in inducing E2 secretion by ovarian granulosa cells.

8.
Drug Evaluation Research ; (6): 87-91, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515002

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effect of cisplatin or nedaplatin combined with paclitaxel as an adjuvant chemotherapy for cervical cancer.Methods Total 160 patients with cervical cancer in Ningqiang County Tianjin Hospital from February 2011 to December 2015 were divided into two groups according to different treatments.Cisplatin group was treated with TP chemotherapy,nedaplatin group was treated with TN chemotherapy,the curative effect,adverse reaction of chemotherapy,hospitalization time and treatment costs were compared between the two groups.Results The effective rate of cisplatin group was 79.26% and nedaplatin group's was 82.05%,the two groups had no significant difference;The incidence of Ⅰ-Ⅳ grade hemoglobin,leukocyte of nedaplatin group were significantly higher than those in the cisplatin group (P < 0.05),but between the two groups Ⅲ and Ⅳ grade had no significant difference,the incidence of Ⅰ-Ⅳ grade and Ⅲ-Ⅳ grade nausea,vomiting of nedaplatin group were significantly lower than cisplatin group (P < 0.05);The hospitalization time of nedaplatin group was significantly shorter than cisplatin group (P < 0.05),The cost of treatment between nedaplatin group and cisplatin group had no significant difference.Conclusion Cisplatin or nedaplatin combined with paclitaxel has similar efficacy in the neoadjuvant chemotherapy for cervical cancer,gastrointestinal adverse reactions of nedaplatin are lower than cisptatin,bone marrow suppression increase but still can be controlled,nedaplatin chemotherapy can shorten the duration of hospitalization,and hospitalization expenses were not significantly increased,which makes it more easily accepted by patients.

9.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 824-826, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479062

ABSTRACT

Through to the new reform under the background of hosting the analysis of the hospital management , put forward according to the construction of talent as the breakthrough point , the two-way referral system , focus on building characteristic specialized platform , stick to the quality construction , carrying out medical core system vig-orously and also carrying out fine management , set up the mechanism of medical quality long -term improvement , constantly improving the quality of connotation construction level , lay a foundation for hosting the hospital sustain-able development .

10.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1096-1099, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357913

ABSTRACT

The magnamosis device for stage-one repair of the rectovaginal tistula consists of two arc magnets. Drawing the interrupting thread along the fistula margin via the vaginal side, and pulling the string to arrange the magnets at the fistula base along the long axis of the vagina, we made the magnamosis device automatically clipped to seal the fistula. After removing the threads we kept the device for 2-4 weeks till the natural detachment of it when the compressed tissue in between healed after vascular necrosis. This device utilizing the unique ability of magnamosis to fulfill anastomosis under inflammatory infected state reduces the current high relapse rate and colostomy drawbacks of the conventional rectovaginal neoplasty.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures , Methods , Magnetics , Magnets , Pressure , Rectovaginal Fistula , General Surgery , Wound Healing
11.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 192-197, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621597

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the change of plasma ghrelin level and explore the related factors of ghrelin alteration in elderly hypertensive patients with psychological distress. Methods A total of 300 elders, who were screened with Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA), Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD), and the Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90) for psychological stress and somato-psychological manifestations respectively, were divided into hypertension group (n=148) and non-hypertension group (n=152). Their blood samples were collected to measure the plasma level of ghrelin and total cortisol on the same day. Results The incidences of anxiety and depression were 27.7% and 11.7%, respectively, in all the enrolled elders. However, the rates of psychological distress, particularly anxiety, were significantly higher in the hypertensive elders than in the non-hypertensive ones (43.2% vs. 12.5%). Anxiety was positively related to the cortisol level but negatively related to the plasma ghrelin level, and the latter two were negatively correlated with each other. Conclusion Chronic increase of plasma cortisol induced by long-term anxiety can lead to the reduction of ghrelin level, which then adversely affects blood pressure in elders with psychological distress. Therefore, ghrelin might be a selective antihypertensive medicine for hypertensive elders with anxiety.

12.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 260-264, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-553172

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the inhibitory action of docetaxel (DOC) on the proliferation of HeLa and SiHa cells. Methods Cell morphological changes were observed with inverted phase contrast microscope. MTT was adopted to test and calculate the cell inhibition ratio. Flow cytometry was used to detect cell cycle. Results DOC had an obvious concentration-dependent inhibitory effect on the proliferation of both HeLa and SiHa cells. The inhibition ratio of DOC on SiHa was significantly higher than that on HeLa (P<0.05). DOC blocked HeLa at G2/M phase. Under the effect of DOC, the cell cycle of SiHa was not changed much. Conclusion DOC has an obvious inhibitory action on both HeLa and SiHa cells, which shows a promising prospect of DOC in clinical treatment of cervical cancer.

13.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 278-281, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621675

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of labor analgesia on maternal and neonatal outcome by epidural application of 0.125% bupivacaine combined with anisodamine on the labor stage, and modes of delivery and neonatal Apgar's score. Methods A total of 220 primiparaes with full-term pregnancy, monocyesis and fetal head presentation without any obstetrical or systematic complications were chosen and divided into analgesic group and control group (110 in each group). The mixture of bupivaeaine and anisodamine was injected into the epidural space of the parturients in the analgesic group while those patients in the control group did not receive any analgesics. Results The analgesic effect was satisfactory (91.8 %), and no side effects occurred in the second stage of labor. The instrument delivery rate was lower in the analgesic group, and there was no significant difference between the two groups in neonatal Apgar's score. Conclusion The method is feasible in clinic for labor pain relief without increasing the rate of dystocla and complications of delivery.

14.
Chinese Mental Health Journal ; (12)2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-592260

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore differences of graphic,phonological and semantic priming in Chinese character recognition between dyslexic children and normal children.Method:A priming paradigm was used to facilitate subjects to complete a lexical decision task.The differences of reaction time,priming effect and error rate between dyslexic children and normal children were analyzed.Results:The baseline adjusted facilitations of graphic,phonological and semantic priming in character recognition in dyslexic children were-0.010,-0.010,and 0.001 respectively.The dyslexic children even showed inhibition in graphic and phonological prime conditions.For the age control group the facilitations under the three prime conditions were 0.026,0.026 and 0.022.As for the reading level control group,results were 0.062,0.058 and 0.031 respectively.The differences of priming effects between dyslexic children and normal children were significant,especially in graphic and phonological priming conditions.The possible order of the three priming effects(from high to low)was:graphic,phonological and semantic.The interactions between reading ability and priming were not significant.Conclusion:Results from the present study suggest that there is a general deficit in graphic and phonological processing in character recognition in Chinese dyslexic children.This phenomenon can be interpreted by the connectionist model.

15.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology ; (6)2000.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-546658

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the difference of priming effect in visual picture categorizing task between dyslexic children and normal children.Methods: Twenty-five dyslexic children and 50 control subjects(25 matched with chronological age and 25 matched with reading level) completed a masked picture priming experiment of pictorial stimuli.On each trial,a masked prime picture was briefly displayed.The participants were required to classify target stimuli as animal or nonanimal.Priming effect and response error rate between dyslexic children and normal children was analyzed.Results: The adjusted facilitation of congruent pairs of dyslexic children was 0.061,and the two controlled groups were 0.057 and 0.064 respectively.The differences between dyslexic children and controlled groups were not significant.Conclusion: Dyslexic children do not exhibit significant deficit in general object picture's features processing.

16.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6)1994.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-522086

ABSTRACT

From pregnant women's psychological point of view, the variant characters and the underlying causes are analyzed when they are in the period of childbirth and puerperium. The role of medical staff and the treatments in clinical psychological heath for pregnant women are discussed, which could help the pregnant women give birth smoothly and healthy in puerperium.

17.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6)1994.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-526282

ABSTRACT

The morbidity of pregnant related diseases and pregnant complications become higher and higher in China, such as pregnant obesity, pregnant hypertension, pregnant psychological disorder etc. which were common in western countries in the past. Dystocia and abnormal birth are increasing. The ration of operation in obstetrics to vaginal delivery is growing. These are partially due to the less exercise of mothers in pregnancy. Exercise during pregnancy is significant to the mothers as well as their children, which is an effective method to prevent or treat the diseases mentioned.

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