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1.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 686-691, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935444

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the use of psychoactive substances and its related factors in men who have sex with men (MSM) in Tianjin. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in MSM recruited in Tianjin by snowball sampling from September 2017 to December 2020, the information about their social demographic information, use of psychoactive substances and behavioral characteristics were collected, meanwhile the blood samples were taken from them for HIV/syphilis detections. Multivariate logistic regression was used to explore related factors about psychoactive substances use. Results: A total of 9 218 MSM were included in the study, in whom 43.5% (4 013/9 218) had ever used psychoactive substances, including 92.6% (3 718/4 013)who used Rush and 17.2% (692/4 013) who used multi substances. Multivariate analysis showed that, the OR of psychoactive substances use in MSM who were in Han ethnic group was 0.68 (95%CI:0.51-0.91) compared with those who were in minor ethnic group; the OR of psychoactive substances use in MSM who were married or cohabited, divorced or widowed were 0.65 (95%CI: 0.57-0.71), 0.80 (95%CI: 0.65-0.97) respectively compared with those who were unmarried; the OR of psychoactive substances use in MSM who had the first homosexual sex at age of ≥30 years was 0.57 (95%CI: 0.44-0.74) compared with those who had the first homosexual sex at age of <30 years; the OR of psychoactive substances use in local MSM in Tianjin was 1.12 (95%CI: 1.03-1.23) compared with those who were not local residents in Tianjin; the OR of psychoactive substances use in MSM with education level of college or above was 1.29 (95%CI: 1.12-1.49) compared with those with education level of junior middle school or below; the OR of psychoactive substances use in MSM who had anal sex in the past six months was 1.93 (95%CI: 1.34-2.77) compared with those who had no anal sex; the OR of psychoactive substances use in MSM who had >2 homosexual partners in the last week was 1.62 (95%CI: 1.41-1.87) compared with those who had ≤2 homosexual partners; the OR of psychoactive substances use in MSM who had homosexual commercial sex in the past six months was 1.99 (95%CI: 1.62-2.45) compared with those who had no homosexual commercial sex; the OR of psychoactive substances use in MSM who had sexually transmitted diseases in the last year was 2.39 (95%CI: 1.82-3.12) compared with those who had no sexually transmitted diseases and the OR of psychoactive substances use in MSM who received peer education services in the last year was 1.63 (95%CI: 1.50-1.78) compared with those who received no peer education services. Conclusion: The prevalence of psychoactive substances use is high in MSM in Tianjin, and there are many influencing factors. It is necessary to conduct targeted interventions according to the influencing factors.


Subject(s)
Adult , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , HIV Infections/epidemiology , Homosexuality, Male , Humans , Male , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Sex Work , Sexual Behavior , Sexual and Gender Minorities , Surveys and Questionnaires , Syphilis/epidemiology
2.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 348-353, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935394

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the HIV infection status in male outpatients in sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics in Tianjin from 2016 to 2020. Methods: According to the sentinel surveillance protocol, continuous cross-sectional studies were conducted between April and June during 2016-2020 to collect the information about the awareness of AIDS related knowledge, related sex behaviors, HIV infection, syphilis prevalence and HCV infection of male STD outpatients in Tianjin with a sample seize of 400 in each sentinel clinic. Results: From 2016 to 2020, a total of 4 000 male STD outpatients were surveyed. The HIV positive rate increased from 1.13% (9/800) to 2.25% (18/800) (trend χ2=14.22, P<0.001), the positive rate of syphilis increased from 9.38% (75/800) to 13.00% (104/800) (trend χ2=7.30, P=0.007) in this population during this period. The overall HCV positive rate was 0.45% (18/4 000). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that compared with those who were unmarried, had registered residence in Tianjin, had no temporary sexual behavior in the past 3 months, had no anal sex and had negative syphilis test result, the risk factors of HIV infection in the male STD outpatients included cohabitation (aOR=7.53, 95%CI:2.13-26.62), being from other provinces (aOR=3.64,95%CI:1.58-8.38), having temporary sexual behavior in the past 3 months (aOR=2.24,95%CI:1.03-4.89), having homosexual anal sex (aOR=85.99,95%CI:38.76-190.74) and suffering from syphilis (aOR=6.06,95%CI:3.18-11.56). Conclusion: The detection rates of HIV infection and syphilis in male STD outpatients in Tianjin showed upward trends from 2016 to 2020. Having temporary sexual behavior and anal sex, and suffering from syphilis were the main risk factors of HIV infection in male STD outpatients.


Subject(s)
Cross-Sectional Studies , HIV Infections/epidemiology , Homosexuality, Male , Humans , Male , Outpatients , Syphilis/epidemiology
3.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 656-661, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911090

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of radiotherapy for all metastases in patients with metachronous oligo-metastatic prostate cancer after radical treatment.Methods:From October 2011 to February 2021, 41 patients with prostate cancer with less than 5 metastases after radical treatment were retrospectively analyzed in a single center. The median age at radiotherapy was 68 (57-81) years. Forty patients (98%) received androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). There were 28 patients in the hormone sensitive (HSPC) group and 13 patients in the hormone resistant (CRPC) group. The median initial PSA was 24.4 (7.4-399.0) ng/ml. Tumor stage: T 2 stage 11 patients, T 3 stage 27 patients, T 4 stage 3 patients.30 patients were in N 0 stage and 11 patients in N 1 stage. Gleason score was 7 in 12 patients, 8 in 9 patients, 9 in 18 patients, and 10 in 2 patients.33 patients were treated with surgery, and 8 patients were treated with radiotherapy. The time span from diagnosis to metastasis was 3.1 (0.2-1.8) years. Conventional imaging examination (CT/ MRI/bone scan) before radiotherapy was used in 7 patients, and PSMA PET/CT examination was used in 34 patients.The median PSA before radiotherapy was 1.3(0.1-33.8) ng/ml. There were 62 metastases in 41 patients, including 1 lesion in 28 patients, 2 lesions in 9 patients, 3 lesions in 2 patients, and 5 lesions in 2 patients. Fifty-four patients had bone metastases and eight had retroperitoneal lymph node metastases. Twenty-two bone metastases were located in the pelvis, 18 in the vertebral body, 12 in the ribs, one in the femur and one in the sternum.The median metastatic volume was 5.8(0.2-81.7) cm 3.Daily image-guided rotational intensity modulated radiotherapy was used to cover all metastases.Dose segmentation modes include 37.5Gy/7.5Gy/5F, 60Gy/3Gy/20F, 65-70Gy/2.6-2.8Gy/25F.The median biological effective dose (BED 3) was 120 (67-147) Gy. The primary endpoint was biochemical progression-free survival (BPFS), the secondary endpoints were acute and late toxic side effects, local relapse-free survival (LPFS), and overall survival (OS). Results:The median follow-up time was 21 months (range 5-72 months). All patients completed radiotherapy, and 16 patients had grade 1 to 2 acute toxicity and side effects, and no grade 3 or above acute and late stage side effects. 1-year LPFS was 97.1%.The 1-year and 2-year BPFS were 77.5% and 59.2%, respectively. The median BPFS time was 29 months (range 13.9-44.2 months). Univariate analysis showed that the HSPC group ( P<0.001) and the group with total metastatic volume ≤ 5.8cm 3 ( P=0.010) had higher BPFS. The median BPFS time was 37 months in the retroperitoneal lymph node metastases subgroup and 17 months in the bone metastases subgroup ( P=0.141). In the HSPC group, the median BPFS was 30(22-38) months. After radiotherapy, PSA decreased in all 28 patients, and increased in 6 patients. The median BPFS was 12(4-18) months. In the CRPC group, the median BPFS was 4(0-8) months. PSA decreased in 10 patients (76.9%) after radiotherapy, and PSA decreased in 6 patients. The median BPFS was 5(3-28) months. Three patients’PSA did not decrease after radiotherapy, and they were treated with new endocrine therapy drugs, chemotherapy, immunotherapy and other systemic therapy. Conclusions:For patients with metachronous metastases after radical treatment, full coverage radiotherapy has good safety and high local control rate. HSPC patients and patients with low tumor load could be recommended to receive radiotherapy for all metastatic lesions preferentially, and patients with only retroperitoneal lymph node metastases may have better prognosis after radiotherapy than patients with bone metastases.

4.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1255-1259, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910999

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare aging models for renal tubular epithelial cells induced by different drugs.Methods:Different concentrations of D-galactose(D-gal), hydrogen peroxide(H 2O 2)and cisplatin(CDDP)were administered to the human proximal tubular epithelial cell line(HK2). Cell activity and the half maximal inhibitory concentration(IC50)were measured by the CCK-8 assay; cell senescence was assessed by senescence-related β-galactosidase staining(SA-β-gal); senescence-related gene expression was detected by Western blotting; cell cycle distribution and apoptosis were determined by flow cytometry.Pathological changes in renal tubules and interstitial tissues were examined in D-gal-induced and naturally aging mice using HE staining, and p16 expression was detected using immunohistochemistry. Results:CCK-8 assay results showed that HK2 cell activity was inhibited treatment with each of the three compounds.The 48-hour IC50 values were(365.8±9.7)mmol/L for D-gal, (385.4±20.8)μmol/L for H 2O 2 and(8.4±1.6)μmol/L for CDDP.Light microscopic observation revealed slowed growth of HK2 cells in the three groups.The rate of SA-β-gal-positive cells increased, compared with the control group( P<0.05). Treatment resulted in an increase in G0/G1 phase cells by(22.9±1.0)% in the 400 mmol/L D-gal group and by(13.0±4.4)% in the 400 μmol/L H 2O 2 group, while G2/M phase cells increased by(14.4±1.9)%( t=48.07, 6.40, 16.53, P<0.05)in the 8 μmol/L CDDP group, compared with the control group.Also, compared with the control group, HK2 cell apoptosis increased by(50.3±1.0)% in the 400 μmol/L H 2O 2 group and by(41.9±2.0)% in the 8 μmol/L CDDP group, which was significantly higher than(7.7±0.4)% in the 400 mmol/L D-gal group( t=77.47, 33.73, 28.35, all P<0.05). Western blotting results indicated that the expression of CCND1 was down-regulated after any of the three drugs reached a certain concentration.The expression of p16 in the D-gal group was up-regulated( F=92.88, P<0.05), but there was no statistical difference in the expression of p16 after H 2O 2 or CDDP treatment.Mice of the D-gal model showed a decline in renal tubular cells, thickened basement membrane, widened interstitial spaces and increased expression of p16 in renal tubules similar to those observed in naturally aging mice. Conclusions:For HK2 cell senescence models induced by three different drugs, the renal tubular epithelial cell senescence model induced by D-gal is relatively close to the natural senescence model.

5.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1250-1254, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910998

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate changes in the estimate glomerular filtration rate(eGFR)with aging and the risk factors.Methods:A retrospective cross-sectional study was performed based on people receiving physical examinations at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2017 to January 2018.Subjects were divided into seven subgroups according to age: 18-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, and ≥80 years old.eGFR was estimated by the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration(CKD-EPIScr)equation.Multivariate linear regression was used to analyze the correlation between eGFR and the influencing variables.The chi-square test was used to compare the incidences of eGFR<60 ml·min -1·1.73m -2in different age groups. Results:A total of 33 824 participants were included in this study.There was a negative linear eGFR-age correlation in the subjects.The mean annual rate of decline in eGFR was 0.83 ml·min -1·1.73m -2.Furthermore, the decline was steady and accelerated from the third and seventh decade onward( F=9.51, 5.37, both P=0.000). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that aging was the most prominent factor( β=-0.604, -0.534, both P=0.000), followed by serum uric acid(BUA)( β=-0.270, -0.280, both P=0.000), fasting blood-glucose(FBG)( β=-0.064, -0.046, both P=0.000), systolic blood pressure(SBP)( β=-0.015, -0.028, both P<0.05), and diastolic blood pressure(DBP)( β=-0.010, -0.026, both P<0.05). In non-elderly subjects, eGFR was found to have negative associations with body mass index(BMI)and albumin(ALB)( β=-0.028, -0.047, all P=0.000). However, in the elderly, eGFR was positively associated with ALB( β=0.022, P=0.031). eGFR showed no statistically significant correlation with BMI, TC and LDL-C.The prevalence of eGFR<60 ml·min -1·1.73m -2increased with age, at 1.55%(523/33 824)for all subjects, of whom 73.80%(386/523)were aged over 60.The incidence obviously increased from 0.22%(14/6 453)for aged 18-29 to 22.57%(214/948)for aged 80 and above( χ2=2433.71, P=0.000). Conclusions:eGFR decreases significantly with age.The incidence of eGFR<60 ml·min -1·1.73m -2in the elderly is high; eGFR is significantly correlated with BUA, FBG, SBP, DBP, and ALB in the elderly.

6.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2097-2101, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904851

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors for spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) in patients with cirrhotic ascites, and to establish a new model for predicting the development of SBP. Methods A total of 215 patients who were diagnosed with cirrhotic ascites in Hebei General Hospital from September 2016 to September 2020 were enrolled, and according to the presence or absence of SBP, they were divided into SBP group with 55 patients and non-SBP group with 160 patients. Related clinical data were collected and albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) score, Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score, MELD combined with serum sodium concentration (MELD-Na) score, and Child-Pugh score were calculated. The t -test or the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups; a multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to screen out independent risk factors, and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted to evaluate the performance of ALBI score, procalcitonin (PCT), polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) count in ascites, and the ALBI-PMN-PCT combined model in the diagnosis of SBP. Results Compared with the SBP group, the non-SBP group had a significantly higher concentration of Na + ( Z =-3.414, P =0.001) and significantly lower total bilirubin ( Z =-2.720, P =0.007), creatinine ( Z =-1.994, P =0.046), urea nitrogen ( Z =-2.440, P =0.015), C-reactive protein ( Z =-9.137, P 0.272 had an increased risk of developing SBP. Conclusion The ALBI-PMN-PCT combined model has a high value in predicting the onset of SBP in patients with cirrhotic ascites.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884592

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the amplitude of normal kidney motion in the 3D direction and its influencing factors under free-breathing condition.Methods:Clinical data of 28 patients with a KPS score≥80 who received 4D CT scan from March 2018 to March 2019 were collected. All patients were diagnosed with liver, pancreatic or lung tumors. The kidney was outlined and the geometric center and 3D coordinate values were recorded. The motion of bilateral kidneys in each direction and the 3D direction was calculated. The volume of kidney and surrounding organs, age, sex, height and body mass index (BMI) were recorded. Clinical data were statistically compared by t-test or nonparametric test. Results:The motion of the left and right kidneys in the the sup-inf (SI) direction were the largest up to (8.39±3.18) mm and (7.71±3.55) mm. The motion amplitudes of bilateral kidneys in male patients were significantly larger than those of the female counterparts in the left-right (LR), SI and 3D directions (all P<0.05). The motion amplitudes of bilateral kidneys in patients taller than 165 cm were significantly larger than those of their counterparts with a height of ≤165 cm (all P<0.05). Patients with a BMI≥25 kg/m 2 had significantly larger motion amplitudes of the left kidney in the LR and ant-post (AP) directions compared with those of normal weight counterparts (all P<0.05). The motion amplitude of the left kidney in the AP direction in patients with the left kidney volume of >180 cm 3 was significantly larger than that of patients with smaller left kidney volume ( P=0.014). Age was not significantly associated with kidney motion in each direction ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Kidney motion mainly occurs in the SI direction. The kidney motion amplitudes in male and taller patients are larger. Special attention should be paid to the use of breath motion control device to decrease the normal tissue damage.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907948

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summary the problems that may be encountered in the diagnosis of Xp11.2 translocation/TFE3 gene fusion associated renal cell carcinomas (Xp11 RCC) and to improve the understanding and diagnostic level.Methods:The clinical and pathological data of 5 children with Xp11 RCC pathologically diagnosed in Children′s Hospital of Capital Institute of Pediatrics from January 2015 to December 2019 were collected for retrospective analysis.Results:The 5 cases included 2 males and 3 females with the age of 4-8 years old.All cases presented with abdominal mass.Four cases received radical nephrectomy and radical tumor resection, and 1 case received simple tumor resection after related examination.Routine HE staining, immunohistochemical staining and fluorescence in situ hybridi-zation (FISH) were performed after surgery.The histological morphology of tumor was varied, and the tumor cells were arranged in nest flake, acinar or papillary pattern, with abundant cytoplasm form completely transparent to eosinophilic staining (pink), and gravel-like calcification was visible.Micropapillary arranged tumor cells appeared in 1 case besides classic pattern; in another case, the tumor cells were highly eosinophilic with abundant cytoplasm and visible round or elliptic eosinophilic bodies.The tumor cells in 5 cases showed diffuse and strong expression of TFE3, and FISH assay showed abnormal separation signal.Conclusions:Xp11 RCC is a relatively rare renal malignant tumor with diverse histological morphology, which should be distinguished from other common renal tumors in children.Its immunohistochemical expression and molecular detection are of specificity, and it should be diagnosed based on clinical incidence.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868740

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the influencing factors of hemoglobin changes in prostate cancer patients during radiotherapy combined with androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) and analyze the relationship between the hemoglobin changes and long-term prognosis.Methods:The changes of hemoglobin levels in 145 prostate cancer patients treated with radiotherapy combined with ADT in Department of Radiation Oncology of Peking University First Hospital from November 2011 to May 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) was employed for conventionally fractionated radiotherapy. Luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonist was utilized for endocrine therapy.Results:The median hemoglobin reduction during radiotherapy combined with ADT was 8 g/L. The higher the baseline level of hemoglobin, pelvic irradiation and GS score before radiotherapy, the more obvious the decrease of hemoglobin during treatment (all P<0.001). Pelvic radiotherapy significantly increased the decline tendency of hemoglobin throughout the combined treatment (86.8% vs. 72.8%, P=0.05). The duration of endocrine therapy before radiotherapy and the hemoglobin changes during endocrine therapy alone were not significantly correlated with the degree of hemoglobin decline during subsequent radiotherapy ( P=0.53 and 0.837). The biochemical failure-free survival did not significantly differ between patients with significant and mild hemoglobin reduction ( P=0.686). Conclusions:The baseline level of hemoglobin before radiotherapy is negatively correlated with the decrease of hemoglobin during combined therapy. Pelvic radiotherapy is positively correlated with hemoglobin reduction during combined therapy. Hemoglobin reduction during combined therapy is not associated with the long-term biochemical failure-free survival of patients.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868630

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the dosimetric properties of intensity-modulated proton therapy (IMPT) plans for simulated treatment planning in patients with ventricular tachycardia (VT) using stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy (SABR), in comparison with the volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT).Methods:A total of 25 gross target volume (GTV) of the apical, anterior, septal, inferior and lateral wall of the left ventricle (LV) were delineated on the CT simulation images of 5 patients with complete data. An additional 5 mm GTV margin was added to the internal target volume (ITV), and an additional 3 mm ITV margin was added to the planning target volume (PTV). VMAT and IMPT plans were designed in each target area. Dose prescription was 25 Gy (RBE) in a single fraction. The dosimetric differences of ITV and organ at risk (OAR) were compared between VMAT and IMPT.Results:The median volume of ITV was 45.40 cm 3(26.72-67.59 cm 3). All plans had adequate target coverage(V 95%Rx≥99%). Compared with the VMAT plans, IMPT reduced the D mean of whole heart, pericardium and non-target cardiac tissues (relative difference) by 44.52%, 44.91% and 60.16%, respectively, which also reduced D 0.03 cm 3 of the left anterior descending artery by 17.58%( P<0.05). After stratified analysis according to the lesion sites, IMPT could still reduce the dose of most OAR. However, the D 0.03 cm 3 of LAD and LCX for the lesions in the anterior wall of LV, the D 0.03 cm 3 of LCX in the inferior wall and D 0.03 cm 3 of LAD in the apical wall did not significantly differ (both P>0.05). Conclusions:Both VMAT and IMPT plans can meet the clinical dosimetric requirements when SABR is simulated in patients with VT. However, IMPT can lower the dose of normal heart tissues, which has the potential benefit of reducing the risk of complications, such as ischemic heart disease, pericarditis/pericardial effusion, etc.

11.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 837-846, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867791

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the treatment effect of marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSC)/endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) extracellular matrix-based tissue engineering bone (ECM-TEB) in repair of femoral defects in rats.Methods:Bone marrow-derived MSC and EPC were isolated and cultured for functional identification, and planted on the nanocrystalline collagen-based artificial bone particles. After culturing for 14 days, the cells were lyophilized to obtain MSC/EPC ECM-TEB and MSC ECM-TEB. A scanning electron microscope was used to observe the morphology of MSC and EPC on the surface of the scaffold. The protein extracts of MSC ECM-TEBs (control group) and the protein extracts of MSC/EPC ECM-TEBs (experimental group) were added to the EPC culture system for migration test, scratch repair assay, and tube formation detection; and to the MSC culture system for alizarin red staining and alkaline phosphatase? (ALP) staining detection. The cell recruitment, angiogenesis and osteogenic differentiation were observed. A total of 12 SD rats were selected to establish a femoral defect model. According to the random number table, the rats were divided into: (1) sham group: debridement treatment was performed only at the defect; (2) MSC ECM -TEB group: MSC ECM-TEB was implanted at the defect; (3) MSC/EPC ECM-TEB group: MSC/EPC ECM-TEB was implanted at the defect, with 4 rats per group. Two months later, micro-computed tomography (Micro-CT) and Masson's tricolor staining were performed to observe the treatment effect of the bone defect. When the cells were stored at low temperature for three months after lyophilization, the different protein profile between MSC ECM-TEB and MSC/EPC ECM-TEB in vascularization was detected by isotope relative labeling and absolute quantification technology (iTRAQ). The gene ontology/Kyoto Encyclopedia of Gene and Genome Technology (GO/ KEGG) function enrichment was used to analyze the key differences.Results:MSC and EPC grew well and formed a smooth cell layered structure on the surface of the scaffold. The number of cell migration, ratio of scratch repair, and length of the tube in experimental group were respective 121.6±8.3, (61.5±5.9)%, (11.3±0.6)mm, significantly increased compared with control group [85.0±6.7, (39.3±3.6)%, (5.9±0.4)mm] (all P<0.01). Alizarin red staining and ALP staining results showed that the proportion of calcium nodule mineralized area in experimental group increased significantly compared with control group [(38.8±3.3)%∶(49.9±3.0)%, (38.8±2.4)%∶(45.3±3.3)%] (all P<0.05). Base on the Micro-CT and Masson staining, bone defect healing was good in MSC/EPC ECM-TEB group, only a small amount of new bone was formed in MSC ECM-TEB group, and there was almost no new bone regenerated in sham group. Significant differences were found in bone volume/total volume, trabecular number and trabecular thickness among groups (all P<0.05), which were in line with Micro-CT and Masson staining results. The protein profile analysis showed that 83 angiogenesis-related factors in MSC/EPC ECM-TEB group were significantly up-regulated compared with MSC ECM-TEB group (fold change>2, P<0.05). GO/KEGG function enrichment analysis showed that MSC/EPC ECM-TEB group had projecting ascendancy in "vascular development" and in "vascular smooth muscle contraction pathway" compared with MSC ECM-TEB group (both P<0.01). Conclusion:MSC/EPC ECM-TEB has advantages in cell recruitment, angiogenesis, and new bone formation compared with MSC ECM-TEB, and is a better construction strategy for repair of traumatic bone defect.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866020

ABSTRACT

Since 2008, we have carried out a systematic exploration of case-based PBL teaching model in clinical medical undergraduates. The questionnaire results show that the students are highly satisfied with the course setting and the teaching quality of teachers, and have a strong sense of gain in the cultivation of learning interest and the improvement of learning capacity. The analysis of the examination results in the past ten years also reveals that the excellent student rate of the class with case-based PBL seminars have been significantly improved. The retrospective analysis also shows that the students' knowledge level, professional background, class size, and the curriculum system settings have significant influences on the teaching effect. Therefore, for students with different academic systems and majors, PBL teaching mode should be designed differently to achieve better teaching effect.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-849781

ABSTRACT

Diabetes is an endocrine disease characterized by long-term hyperglycemia with or without progressive vascular disease, involving systemic complications, mainly reflected in macroangiopathy and microangiopathy, which are the leading cause of death and disability of diabetes. However, its pathogenesis has not yet been fully clarified. Endothelial cells are an important part of maintaining vascular homeostasis, and endothelial dysfunction is the initiator or promoter of diabetic vascular complications. Mitochondrial dysfunction also plays an important role in the pathological process of vascular endothelial cell dysfunction. In recent years, researches of the mechanism of mitochondria-vascular endothelial function and the drug development have become a hot topic in prevention and treatment of diabetes. The present paper mainly expounds the relationship of mitochondrial dysfunction to vascular complications of diabetes, aiming to provide the basis for drug development and clinical diagnosis and treatment.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828080

ABSTRACT

Scutellariae Radix is a kind of traditional Chinese medicine, which has the functions of heat-clearing and damp-drying, purging fire and detoxifying, hemostasis and miscarriage prevention. Modern pharmacological studies show that Scutellariae Radix has various effects, such as anti-oxidation, anti-inflammatory, liver protection and antiviral microorganisms. By searching the documents in the past ten years, the author has found that Scutellariae Radix and its active components play an important role in protecting the liver. It can prevent and cure liver injuries caused by different reasons, including acute or chronic hepatitis, liver fibrosis and liver cancer. Among all kinds(chemical, immunological, alcoholic, nonalcoholic, viral, ischemia-reperfusion, etc.) of acute or chronic hepatitis, most studies are on CCl_4 induced chemical liver injury. Scutellariae Radix and its active components can significantly reduce the serum transaminase level in hepatitis animals, and reduce the degree of liver pathological damage. The mechanisms include antioxidant stress, anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptosis, inhibition of immunity, anti-virus and regulation of lipid metabolism, etc. Scutellariae Radix and its active components can significantly inhibit the activation of hepatic stellate cells and reduce extracellular matrix, and its anti-fibrosis mechanism involves antioxidation, anti-inflammatory, inducing apoptosis of hepatic stellate cells and so on. Whether in vivo or in vitro, Scutellariae Radix and its active components show a good anti-hepatocarcinoma effect, especially on hepatocarcinoma. Its prevention and treatment mechanisms for hepatocarcinoma mainly include blocking cancer cell cycle, inhibiting cancer cell metastasis, promoting cancer cell apoptosis and inducing autophagy. It can be seen that Scutellariae Radix has multiple functions and mechanisms in liver protection, and has a great development potential. Therefore, this paper reviews the prevention and treatment effects and mechanism of Scutellariae Radix and its components on different liver diseases, in order to provide reference for in-depth study, development and clinical application in the prevention and treatment of liver disease.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Flavonoids , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Scutellaria baicalensis
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857305

ABSTRACT

Liver can regenerate after chemical damage or partial hepatectomy. Liver regeneration is a complex process involving a variety of cytokines und multiple signal pathways. NK2 is a sensitive transcription factor of oxidation-reduction, which plays a regulatory role in cell defense, oxidation-reduction balance, inflammation and intermediate metabolism. It is closely related to cell proliferation. Some reports ha\e proved that liver regeneration is delayed after partial hepalectomy. Furthermore, ihis phenomenon is observed in the mice with absence of Nrf2. There fore. NrQ signaling pathway is involved in the process of liver regeneration. This article reviews the role of Nri2 signaling pathway in the process of liver regeneration according to the existing research results. We have also summarized the drugs that may affect liver regeneration or hepatocyte proliferation, hoping to find more drugs for liver diseases and provide ideas for the mechanism of the drugs.

16.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 188-193, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804812

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of estrogen and remifemin on the expression of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1), muscarinic acetylcholine receptor, member 1 and 3 (M1 and M3 receptor) and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in the submandibular gland of rats.@*Methods@#Forty SD female adult rats were divided into SHAM group (sham operation), OVX group (ovarian removal), OVX+E group (ovarian removal + estrogen treatment) and OVX+ICR group (ovarian removal + remifemin treatment), 10 per group. The rats were recovered for 2 weeks after operation. The SHAM group and the OVX group were treated with distilled water, the OVX+E group and the OVX+ICR group were treated with β-estradiol and remifemin respectively. After 4 weeks, the location and expression of nNOS, TRPV1, M1 and M3 receptors in the submandibular gland were evaluated by immunohistochemistry. The changes of AChE expression in rat submandibular gland were observed by AChE staining.@*Results@#Compared with SHAM group (0.23±0.02, 0.28±0.01, 0.25±0.03, 0.19±0.03), the expression of nNOS, TRPV1, M1 and M3 receptors in OVX group (0.16±0.01, 0.21±0.01, 0.15±0.02, 0.09±0.02) were significantly lower (P<0.05); there were no significant difference between OVX+E group (0.23±0.01, 0.28±0.02, 0.23±0.03, 0.19±0.01) and SHAM group (P>0.05). But compared with OVX group, the expression of nNOS, TRPV1 and M3 receptors in OVX+ICR group were no significantly changed (P>0.05), and only M1 receptor expression (0.22±0.03) was significantly increased (P<0.05). The expression of AChE in OVX group (0.14±0.01) was significantly higher than that in SHAM group (0.10±0.01) (P<0.05). The expression of AChE in OVX+E group (0.15±0.01) was significantly higher than that in SHAM group (P<0.05). The expression of AChE in OVX+ICR group (0.09±0.01) was not significantly different from that in SHAM group (P>0.05).@*Conclusions@#Estrogen can significantly increase the expression of nNOS and TRPV1 in the submandibular gland of rats, suggesting that estrogen may regulate the salivary secretion function of the submandibular gland through nNOS and TRPV1. The mechanism of remifemin is different from that of estrogen, and remifemin does not play a regulatory role by nNOS and TRPV1.

17.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 20-30, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757942

ABSTRACT

One major strategy to generate genetically modified mouse models is gene targeting in mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells, which is used to produce gene-targeted mice for wide applications in biomedicine. However, a major bottleneck in this approach is that the robustness of germline transmission of gene-targeted ES cells can be significantly reduced by their genetic and epigenetic instability after long-term culturing, which impairs the efficiency and robustness of mouse model generation. Recently, we have established a new type of pluripotent cells termed extended pluripotent stem (EPS) cells, which have superior developmental potency and robust germline competence compared to conventional mouse ES cells. In this study, we demonstrate that mouse EPS cells well maintain developmental potency and genetic stability after long-term passage. Based on gene targeting in mouse EPS cells, we established a new approach to directly and rapidly generate gene-targeted mouse models through tetraploid complementation, which could be accomplished in approximately 2 months. Importantly, using this approach, we successfully constructed mouse models in which the human interleukin 3 (IL3) or interleukin 6 (IL6) gene was knocked into its corresponding locus in the mouse genome. Our study demonstrates the feasibility of using mouse EPS cells to rapidly generate mouse models by gene targeting, which have great application potential in biomedical research.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753308

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the relationship between trigeminal neuralgia and various nerve compression sites. Methods Forty patients with trigeminal neuralgia were enrolled in this study. The upper and lower jaw patients were treated as observation group (20 cases), and eye branch or one branch pain patients were as the control group (20 cases). Two groups of patients were treated with microvascular decompression, position of responsible vascular of the two groups of patients was analyzed and explored. Results Compared with the control group, the patients in the observation group had more blood vessels, and the oppression rate of the trigeminal tract was higher than that of the control group:80%(16/20) vs. 30% (6/20) (P<0.05). Conclusions The relationship between trigeminal neuralgia with different facial position and the location of nerve compression is different.

19.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 340-344, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744930

ABSTRACT

The next-generation sequencing technology has been widely used in genetic counseling, but there are two major problems in the application of new technology, namely, the lack of unified technical specifications and clear ethical boundary, which would limit industry development and impaired public rights and interests. The solution of the former problem depends on technological progress, while the latter requires the delineation of ethical boundary.Genetic counseling should follow WHO's recommendations and guidelines. Four basic principles of medical ethics, namely, no harm, good deeds, autonomy and impartiality, constitute the principle boundary of genetic counseling ethics. Informed consent in practice is the rigid red line of the ethical principle boundary of next-generation sequencing.There are many problems in the implementation of informed consent in China. Five types and 15 notification points of informed consent in the application of next-generation sequencing were proposed from the technical point of view in this article.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742991

ABSTRACT

For patients with ischemic stroke,accurate identification of the etiology and mechanism of stroke are important for guiding treatment and prevention.The long-term recurrence rate and mortality rate of cardioembolic stroke are high.Echocardiography is a powerful diagnostic tool for evaluating cardioembolic sources.This article reviews the application of echocardiography in evaluating cardioernbolic sources in patients with ischemic stroke.

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