Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 117
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 384-390, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995112

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the distribution of ages at the interhospital transfer of outborn very preterm infants in China and to compare their perinatal characteristics and outcomes at discharge and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) treatment.Methods:A total of 3 405 outborn very premature infants with a gestational age of 24-31 +6 weeks who were transferred to the NICUs of the Chinese Neonatal Network (CHNN) in 2019 were included in this retrospective study. According to the age at transfer, they were divided into three groups: early transfer (≤1 d), delayed transfer (>1-7 d) and late transfer (>7 d) groups. Analysis of variance, t-test, Chi-square test (Bonferroni correction), Kruskal-Wallis test and Wilcoxon rank-sum test were used to compare the general clinical condition, treatment, and outcomes at discharge among the three groups. Results:The median gestational age was 29.7 weeks (28.3-31.0 weeks) and the average birth weight was (1 321.0 ± 316.5) g for these 3 405 infants. There were 2 031 patients (59.6%) in the early transfer group, 406 (11.9%) in the delayed transfer group and 968 (28.4%) in the late transfer group. Infants who received continuous positive airway pressure ventilation and tracheal intubation in the delivery room accounted for 8.4% (237/2 806) and 32.9% (924/2 805), respectively. A total of 62.7% (1 569/2 504) of the mothers received antenatal glucocorticoid therapy and the ratio in the early transfer group was 68.7% (1 121/1 631), which was higher than that in the delayed transfer group [56.1% (152/271), χ2=16.78, P<0.017] and the late transfer group [49.2% (296/602), χ2=72.56, P<0.017]. The total mortality rate of very premature infants was 12.7% (431/3 405), and the mortality rates in the early, delayed and late transfer groups were 12.4% (252/2 031), 16.3% (66/406) and 11.7% (113/968), respectively ( χ2=5.72, P=0.057). The incidences of severe intraventricular hemorrhage, late-onset sepsis, necrotizing enterocolitis, and bronchopulmonary dysplasia at the corrected gestational age of 36 weeks or discharge were all higher in the delayed and late transfer groups than in the early transfer group, respectively. The incidences of retinopathy of prematurity, retinopathy of prematurity requiring treatment and bronchopulmonary dysplasia at the corrected gestational age of 36 weeks or discharge in the late transfer group were significantly higher than that in the delayed transfer group (Bonferroni correction, all P<0.017). In the late transfer group, the median age of very premature infants at discharge was 66.0 d (51.0-86.0 d), and the corrected gestational age at discharge was 38.9 weeks (37.1-41.2 weeks), and both were greater than those in the early transfer [48.0 d (37.0-64.0 d), Z=260.83; 36.9 weeks (35.7-38.3 weeks), Z=294.32] and delayed transfer groups [52.0 d (41.0-64.0 d), Z=81.49; 37.4 weeks (36.1-38.7 weeks), Z=75.97] (all P<0.017). Conclusions:Many very premature infants need to be transferred to higher-level hospitals after birth. The later the very premature infants are transferred, the higher the incidence of complications will be. It is suggested that intrauterine or early postnatal transport may improve the prognosis of very premature infants.

2.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 159-163, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995081

ABSTRACT

This article reported the comprehensive management of an extremely preterm infant with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia. The patient born at 26 +6 gestational weeks was transferred to Children's Hospital of Fudan University due to invasive mechanical ventilation dependence at 61 d after birth and was diagnosed with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia. A comprehensive treatment plan was adopted, including appropriate fluid restriction, improving nutrition, glucocorticoid administration, using antibiotics against Ureaplasma urealyticum infection to reduce pulmonary parenchymal lesions and alleviating pulmonary hypertension. The preterm infant was successfully extubated to non-invasive ventilation and subsequently weaned to a high-flow nasal cannula. Then, the patient was discharged at 372 d after birth (correct gestational age nine months and six days). At the 3-month follow-up after discharge, the patient remained on high-flow oxygen, but with lower flow and concentration of oxygen. Moreover, the growth, development and lung images were significantly improved. Follow-up to correct gestational age one year and 11 months, the child was not on oxygen any more, but on rehabilitation due to language and motor development retardation.

3.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 515-519, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993694

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the causal relationship between body mass index (BMI) and hypothyroidism using the two-sample Mendelian randomization model.Methods:A large-scale anthropometric genome-wide association study published in the GIANT database was used to select single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) which were statistically significantly associated with BMI as an instrumental variable ( P<5×10 -8, linkage disequilibrium r 2<0.1). The causal relationship between BMI and hypothyroidism was determined by the inverse variance weighted (IVW), weighted median method and the MR-Egger method, respectively. A heterogeneity test, gene pleiotropy test, and sensitivity analysis were performed to evaluate the stability and reliability of the results. Results:A total of 89 SNPs related to BMI were screened out as instrumental variables. IVW analysis suggested that for every standard deviation increase in BMI, the risk of hypothyroidism increased by 0.9% (odd ratio ( OR)=1.009, 95% confidence interval ( CI): 1.006-1.012, P<0.001). Similar results were obtained with the weighted median method ( OR=1.007, 95% CI: 1.002-1.011, P=0.003) and the MR-Egger method ( OR=1.008, 95% CI: 1.001-1.015, P=0.006). The MR-Egger analysis showed that genetic pleiotropy did not bias the results (intercept=0.000 1, P=0.776), the one-by-one exclusion method did not show that a single instrumental variable SNP had a significant impact on the results, and the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Mendelian randomized analysis showed a positive causal relationship between BMI and hypothyroidism.

4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 822-829, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980823

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Antenatal corticosteroids (ACS) can significantly improve the outcomes of preterm infants. This study aimed to describe the ACS use rates among preterm infants admitted to Chinese neonatal intensive care units (NICU) and to explore perinatal factors associated with ACS use, using the largest contemporary cohort of very preterm infants in China.@*METHODS@#This cross-sectional study enrolled all infants born at 24 +0 to 31 +6 weeks and admitted to 57 NICUs of the Chinese Neonatal Network from January 1st, 2019 to December 30th, 2019. The ACS administration was defined as at least one dose of dexamethasone and betamethasone given before delivery. Multiple logistic regressions were applied to determine the association between perinatal factors and ACS usage.@*RESULTS@#A total of 7828 infants were enrolled, among which 6103 (78.0%) infants received ACS. ACS use rates increased with increasing gestational age (GA), from 177/259 (68.3%) at 24 to 25 weeks' gestation to 3120/3960 (78.8%) at 30 to 31 weeks' gestation. Among infants exposed to ACS, 2999 of 6103 (49.1%) infants received a single complete course, and 33.4% (2039/6103) infants received a partial course. ACS use rates varied from 30.2% to 100% among different hospitals. Multivariate regression showed that increasing GA, born in hospital (inborn), increasing maternal age, maternal hypertension and premature rupture of membranes were associated with higher likelihood to receive ACS.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The use rate of ACS remained low for infants at 24 to 31 weeks' gestation admitted to Chinese NICUs, with fewer infants receiving a complete course. The use rates varied significantly among different hospitals. Efforts are urgently needed to propose improvement measures and thus improve the usage of ACS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Pregnancy , Female , Gestational Age , Infant, Premature , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Cross-Sectional Studies , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 807-814, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980820

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Significant brain volume deviation is an essential phenotype in children with neurodevelopmental delay (NDD), but its genetic basis has not been fully characterized. This study attempted to analyze the genetic factors associated with significant whole-brain deviation volume (WBDV).@*METHODS@#We established a reference curve based on 4222 subjects ranging in age from the first postnatal day to 18 years. We recruited only NDD patients without acquired etiologies or positive genetic results. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and clinical exome sequencing (2742 genes) data were acquired. A genetic burden test was performed, and the results were compared between patients with and without significant WBDV. Literature review analyses and BrainSpan analysis based on the human brain developmental transcriptome were performed to detect the potential role of genetic risk factors in human brain development.@*RESULTS@#We recruited a total of 253 NDD patients. Among them, 26 had significantly decreased WBDV (<-2 standard deviations [SDs]), and 14 had significantly increased WBDV (>+2 SDs). NDD patients with significant WBDV had higher rates of motor development delay (49.8% [106/213] vs . 75.0% [30/40], P  = 0.003) than patients without significant WBDV. Genetic burden analyses found 30 genes with an increased allele frequency of rare variants in patients with significant WBDV. Analyses of the literature further demonstrated that these genes were not randomly identified: burden genes were more related to the brain development than background genes ( P  = 1.656e -9 ). In seven human brain regions related to motor development, we observed burden genes had higher expression before 37-week gestational age than postnatal stages. Functional analyses found that burden genes were enriched in embryonic brain development, with positive regulation of synaptic growth at the neuromuscular junction, positive regulation of deoxyribonucleic acid templated transcription, and response to hormone, and these genes were shown to be expressed in neural progenitors. Based on single cell sequencing analyses, we found TUBB2B gene had elevated expression levels in neural progenitor cells, interneuron, and excitatory neuron and SOX15 had high expression in interneuron and excitatory neuron.@*CONCLUSION@#Idiopathic NDD patients with significant brain volume changes detected by MRI had an increased prevalence of motor development delay, which could be explained by the genetic differences characterized herein.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Neurodevelopmental Disorders/epidemiology , Genetic Testing , Phenotype , Brain/pathology , Genetic Background , SOX Transcription Factors/genetics
6.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1004-1011, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990286

ABSTRACT

Objective:The evidence-based and Delphi methods were used to construct the exercise program for hospitalized patients with diabetes foot to provide guidance for clinical practice.Methods:Evidence on exercise management of diabetic foot patients was systematically searched from BMJ Best Practice, UpToDate, Registered Nurses′ Association of Ontario and other domestic and foreign databases and professional association websites. The retrieval period was from the establishment of the database to April 2021. The quality of the included literature was independently evaluated, and the evidence of the literature meeting the quality standards was extracted and summarized to form the first draft of exercise program for inpatients with diabetic foot. After two rounds of Delphi expert letter consultation, the program items were revised, and the final draft of the exercise program for inpatients with diabetic foot suitable for clinical practice was formed.Results:The effective recovery rate of the two rounds of expert correspondence questionnaire both were15/15. The expert authority coefficient was 0.865 and 0.895 respectively. And the Kendall coordination coefficient was 0.232 and 0.291 (both P<0.01). An exercise program for inpatients with diabetic foot had been formed, including 5 modules(exercise evaluation, exercise prescription, exercise monitoring, post-exercise evaluation and exercise management), 12 items and 40 operational items. Conclusions:The exercise program for inpatients with diabetic foot constructed in this study is scientific and clinically applicable, which provide scientific guidance for clinical medical staff to carry out exercise practice.

7.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 815-820, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985828

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical features, diagnosis, prognosis of malignant mesothelioma of the tunica vaginalis testis (MMTVT). Methods: The clinicopathological data of 7 patients with MMTVT who treated at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between January 2010 and October 2022 were retrospectively reviewed. Cases were first diagnosed at (M (IQR)) 49 (23) years old (range: 27 to 64 years old). The main clinical manifestations were scrotal enlargement (7 cases) and hydrocele (2 cases). Results: Three patients underwent radical orchiectomy as initial treatment, 2 cases underwent hydrocelectomy due to diagnosis of hydrocele, followed by radical orchiectomy at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, and 2 cases underwent transscrotal orchiectomy. Common tumor markers of testicular cancer were not significantly elevated in MMTVT. The expression of tumor PD-L1 was positive in 2 out of the 3 cases. One patient received adjuvant chemotherapy and 2 patients received first-line chemotherapy after tumor recurrence. Chemotherapy regimens used include cisplatin+pemetrexed. Up to October 2022, 3 cases relapsed, of which 2 cases died. The median overall survival was 35 months (range: 4 to 87 months) and the median progression-free survival was 6 months (range: 2 to 87 months). Conclusions: MMTVT at early stage should be treated with early radical orchiectomy and followed up closely after surgery. The cisplatin+pemetrexed regimen is a common option for the treatment of metastatic MMTVT, while whether immune checkpoint inhibitors could serve as a second-line treatment option deserves further research.

8.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 29-35, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970232

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the prevalence and the risk factors of fungal sepsis in 25 neonatal intensive care units (NICU) among preterm infants in China, and to provide a basis for preventive strategies of fungal sepsis. Methods: This was a second-analysis of the data from the "reduction of infection in neonatal intensive care units using the evidence-based practice for improving quality" study. The current status of fungal sepsis of the 24 731 preterm infants with the gestational age of <34+0 weeks, who were admitted to 25 participating NICU within 7 days of birth between May 2015 and April 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. These preterm infants were divided into the fungal sepsis group and the without fungal sepsis group according to whether they developed fungal sepsis to analyze the incidences and the microbiology of fungal sepsis. Chi-square test was used to compare the incidences of fungal sepsis in preterm infants with different gestational ages and birth weights and in different NICU. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to study the outcomes of preterm infants with fungal sepsis, which were further compared with those of preterm infants without fungal sepsis. The 144 preterm infants in the fungal sepsis group were matched with 288 preterm infants in the non-fungal sepsis group by propensity score-matched method. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the risk factors of fungal sepsis. Results: In all, 166 (0.7%) of the 24 731 preterm infants developed fungal sepsis, with the gestational age of (29.7±2.0) weeks and the birth weight of (1 300±293) g. The incidence of fungal sepsis increased with decreasing gestational age and birth weight (both P<0.001). The preterm infants with gestational age of <32 weeks accounted for 87.3% (145/166). The incidence of fungal sepsis was 1.0% (117/11 438) in very preterm infants and 2.0% (28/1 401) in extremely preterm infants, and was 1.3% (103/8 060) in very low birth weight infants and 1.7% (21/1 211) in extremely low birth weight infants, respectively. There was no fungal sepsis in 3 NICU, and the incidences in the other 22 NICU ranged from 0.7% (10/1 397) to 2.9% (21/724), with significant statistical difference (P<0.001). The pathogens were mainly Candida (150/166, 90.4%), including 59 cases of Candida albicans and 91 cases of non-Candida albicans, of which Candida parapsilosis was the most common (41 cases). Fungal sepsis was independently associated with increased risk of moderate to severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) (adjusted OR 1.52, 95%CI 1.04-2.22, P=0.030) and severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) (adjusted OR 2.55, 95%CI 1.12-5.80, P=0.025). Previous broad spectrum antibiotics exposure (adjusted OR=2.50, 95%CI 1.50-4.17, P<0.001), prolonged use of central line (adjusted OR=1.05, 95%CI 1.03-1.08, P<0.001) and previous total parenteral nutrition (TPN) duration (adjusted OR=1.04, 95%CI 1.02-1.06, P<0.001) were all independently associated with increasing risk of fungal sepsis. Conclusions: Candida albicans and Candida parapsilosis are the main pathogens of fungal sepsis among preterm infants in Chinese NICU. Preterm infants with fungal sepsis are at increased risk of moderate to severe BPD and severe ROP. Previous broad spectrum antibiotics exposure, prolonged use of central line and prolonged duration of TPN will increase the risk of fungal sepsis. Ongoing initiatives are needed to reduce fungal sepsis based on these risk factors.


Subject(s)
Infant , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Birth Weight , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Retrospective Studies , Tertiary Care Centers , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight , Gestational Age , Infant, Extremely Premature , Sepsis/epidemiology , Retinopathy of Prematurity/epidemiology , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/epidemiology
9.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 658-662, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982009

ABSTRACT

The female infant in this case study was admitted to the hospital 4 hours after birth due to preterm birth and respiratory distress. On the third day after birth, peripherally inserted central venous catheter (PICC) catheterization was performed. On day 42, thrombus was found at the entrance of the right atrium from the inferior vena cava during a cardiac ultrasound, and it was considered to be related to PICC placement. Low-molecular-weight heparin and urokinase were given. After two weeks of treatment, ultrasonic monitoring showed thrombus shrinkage. No bleeding or pulmonary embolism occurred during the treatment. The patient discharged after improvement. This article mainly introduces a multidisciplinary team approach to diagnosis and treatment of PICC-related thrombosis in neonates.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Infant , Humans , Female , Central Venous Catheters/adverse effects , Premature Birth , Dyspnea , Echocardiography , Catheterization, Peripheral
10.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 431-435, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981975

ABSTRACT

The male neonate in this case study was admitted to the hospital at 15 hours of age due to respiratory distress for 15 hours and poor response for 3 hours after resuscitation from asphyxia. The neonate was highly unresponsive, with central respiratory failure and seizures. Serum ammonia was elevated (>1 000 μmol/L). Blood tandem mass spectrometry revealed a significant decrease in citrulline. Rapid familial whole genome sequencing revealed OTC gene mutations inherited from the mother. Continuous hemodialysis filtration and other treatments were given. Neurological assessment was performed by cranial magnetic resonance imaging and electroencephalogram. The neonate was diagnosed with ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency combined with brain injury. He died at 6 days of age after withdrawing care. This article focuses on the differential diagnosis of neonatal hyperammonemia and introduces the multidisciplinary management of inborn error of metabolism.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Citrulline , Electroencephalography , Hyperammonemia , Ornithine Carbamoyltransferase Deficiency Disease/therapy , Seizures
11.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 94-100, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935650

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe the use of non-erythrocyte blood products transfusion in very preterm and extremely preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care units (NICU) of the Chinese Neonatal Network (CHNN) in 2019, to explore the disparity between different centers, and to further investigate the rationality and standardability of non-erythrocyte blood products transfusion. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study based on the CHNN cohort of very preterm and extremely preterm infants. All 6 598 infants with gestational age (GA)<32 weeks and admitted to the 57 NICU of CHNN within 24 h of life in 2019 were enrolled. Non-erythrocyte blood products included platelet, plasma, albumin, immunoglobulin, cryoprecipitate and prothrombin complex. Infants who received at least one type of non-erythrocyte blood products were defined in transfusion group. The comparison between infants with and without transfusion was done by t-test, rank-sum test or χ2 test as appropriate. Linear regression model was used to generate adjusted transfusion rate of each center, and to investigate the correlation between adjusted rate and center-level characteristics. Results: A total of 6 598 infants were enrolled in the study, with gestational age of 30.0 (28.7, 31.0) weeks and birth weight of (1 353±312) g, and 43.6 % (2 877) of them were female. Among them, 42.7% (2 816) infants were enrolled in transfusion group, with the times of transfusion as 3 (1, 6) times. Compared to the infants without any transfusion of non-erythrocyte blood products, those infants received transfusion had lower gestational age (Z=17.62, P<0.01), lower birth weight (t=18.64, P<0.01), higher proportion of small-for-gestation age (χ2=31.06, P<0.01), multiple birth (χ²=12.82, P<0.01) and intensive resuscitation in delivery room (χ²=287.52, P<0.01), as well as lower proportion of females (χ²=10.68, P<0.01) and even lower proportion of infants born in this hospital (χ²=78.23, P<0.01). Among the entire study population, albumin (25.4%, 1 674 cases), immunoglobulin (21.5%, 1 417 cases) and plasma (18.9%, 1 245 cases) were the most commonly used non-erythrocyte blood products. Overall, 60.4% (544/901) infants with gestational age <28 weeks received transfusion 4 (2, 8) times. A total of 39.9% (2 272/5 697) infants between 28-31weeks received non-erythrocyte blood products 3 (1, 6) times. The non-erythrocyte blood products transfusion rates of critically-ill and non-critically-ill infants were 62.2% (1 693/2 723) and 29.0% (1 123/3 875) respectively, and the transfusion times were 4 (2,7) and 2 (1,4) times. The transfusion rates varied significantly among different NICU, and the disparities remained obvious after adjustment (adjusted χ²=153.48, P<0.01). Conclusion: Near half of very preterm and extremely preterm infants admitted to Chinese NICU in 2019 receive non-erythrocyte blood products during hospitalization with significant disparities among different hospitals.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Infant, Extremely Premature , Infant, Premature, Diseases , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal
12.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 104-108, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930997

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical features and molecular diagnosis of neonates with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS).Methods:From January 2016 to December 2020, infants admitted to the Department of Neonatology of Children's Hospital of Fudan University with BWS diagnosed during the neonatal period were reviewed. Their clinical data including clinical features, molecular testing results and comorbidities of other congenital diseases were analyzed.Results:A total of 16 BWS neonates (9 males and 7 females) were included, with average gestational age of 34~39 weeks and average birth weight of 2 412~4 275 g. Macroglossia (9/16) and omphalocele (8/16) were the main clinical features. Birth weight >2 SD of the mean (12/16) was the common secondary feature. According to the European BWS diagnostic scoring criteria, 10 infants with a ≥4 score were clinically diagnosed with BWS. 5 infants with a 2~4 score and 1 infant with a 1 score (whose twin brother had a 4 score) were clinically suspected BWS.13 infants received molecular testing. 6 infants with clinical diagnosis and 5 infants with suspected diagnosis were confirmed to have reduced methylation signal in imprint control region 2 and 2 of the clinically diagnosed infants had increased methylation signal in imprint control region 1. 5 infants had atrial septal defect and brain injury were also seen in 5 infants. Abnormal thyroid function, abnormal umbilical cord morphology and abnormal umbilical blood vessels were seen in 4 infants, respectively.Conclusions:The combination of the clinical features and molecular testing can establish the diagnosis of BWS as early as during the neonatal period. Due to the high risk of comorbidities, abdominal ultrasonography, cardiac ultrasonography, cranial MRI and thyroid function tests are necessary after the diagnosis of BWS.

13.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 127-132, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960381

ABSTRACT

Background Heavy metals are widely present in the environment, difficult to degrade, and bioaccumulative. Children's physical development are not mature, and exposure to heavy metals which may cause irreversible harm to them. However, the current research conclusions are still inconsistent. Therefore, it is very important to pay attention to the impact of heavy metal pollutants on physical development. Objective To detect the level of heavy metal exposure of school-age children in Laizhou Wan, Shandong Province, and to explore the relationship between heavy metal exposure level and physical development indexes of school-age children. Methods The subjects of this study were 318 children born to pregnant women recruited from Laizhou Wan Birth Cohort in Shandong Province from September 2010 to December 2013. The school-age children at age 7 were followed up from July to September 2019. Their urine samples were collected and the levels of arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), and mercury (Hg) in urine were detected by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). At the same time, the height, weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and body fat percentage of the children were evaluate to analyze the relationship between the four heavy metals in children's urine and the indicators related to children's physical development. Results Among the 318 school-age children with an age (\begin{document}$\bar x \pm s $\end{document}) of (7.77±0.67) years, the median (P25, P75) levels of As, Cd, Pb, and Hg in urine were 73.98 (44.81, 124.61), 0.40 (0.27, 0.58), 1.20 (0.71, 1.72), and 2.38 (1.32, 4.80) µg·g−1 (of creatinine), respectively. The children’s urinary Cd level was positively correlated with their weight, BMI, and waist circumference (P<0.05), and corresponding regression coefficients (b) and its 95% confidence intervals (CI) were 0.99 (0.14-1.83), 0.43 (0.06-0.81), and 1.35 (0.27-2.42), respectively; while the other heavy metals were not related to the above physical development indicators (P>0.05). After sex stratification, it was found that boys’ urinary Cd level was positively correlated with their height, weight, BMI, and waist circumference (P <0.05) with associated b (95%CI) of 1.73 (0.53-2.93), 2.03 (0.60-3.47), 0.75 (0.11-1.38), and 2.66 (0.85-4.47), respectively; such associations were not found in girls. After further stratification of boys’ BMI according to normal, overweight, and obesity, it was found that a higher urinary Cd level was correlated with an increased risk of obesity in boys (P<0.05), and the associated b (95%CI) was 2.34 (1.02-5.36). Conclusion The level of urinary Cd exposure of boys in Laizhou Wan, Shandong Province is positively correlated with their height, weight, BMI, and waist circumference, and may be related to obesity in boys.

14.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 565-569, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958111

ABSTRACT

Real-world evidence has become the basis for approval and regulation of drugs and medical devices. Real-world study has played a more and more important role with the continuous updating and iteration of medical technologies. The diseases and their underlying mechanisms in the neonatal period, the early stage of life, are significantly different from other stages of life and early high-quality clinical management has a profound impact on the long-term outcomes. Therefore, it is necessary to provide robust evidence for clinical diagnosis and treatment through real-world study. This paper explores the access to high-quality medical care in the neonatal period based on the application, challenges, and thinking of the China Neonatal Network (CHNN) in the real world and the integration of the China Neonatal Genome Project and other multi-omics data.

15.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 450-454, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958095

ABSTRACT

Preterm birth is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in neonates. Continuous quality improvement (CQI) can reduce clinically avoidable adverse events (neonatal death or severe morbidity) by changing and improving clinical practice to improve patient outcomes. Researches show that CQI can prevent severe morbidity, including bronchopulmonary dysplasia, sepsis, necrotizing enterocolitis, severe neurologic injury, retinopathy of prematurity, etc., in preterm infants. CQI reduces disease-related mortality and morbidity and eases the burden on society and family. As an effective method for further improving preterm infants' care quality in the neonatal intensive unit (NICU), the CQI has been widely adopted in developed countries and achieved significant results. The number of preterm infants in NICU is currently extensive in China, with an increased survival rate. However, severe morbidity is significantly higher than that in developed countries. There is an urgent need to establish an appropriate continuous quality improvement system in China regarding the critical issues to improve the outcomes of preterm infants in the NICU. We review the origin and history of CQI, its methodology and effects when applied to NICUs in developed countries, and its status, challenges, and prospects in Chinese NICUs.

16.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 497-503, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905237

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics of local brain neural activity in post stroke aphasia (PSA) patients in different frequency bands and the relationship between Western Aphasia Battery (WAB) scores and specific frequency bands. Methods:From March, 2015 to May, 2018, 15 PSA patients, and 15 healthy adults as controls matched for age, gender and education were recruited. They were assessed with WAB and scaned with resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. The amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) and fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (fALFF) on the frequency bands of 0.01-0.08 Hz, 0.027-0.073 Hz, and 0.01-0.027 Hz were calculated. The ALFF and fALFF in different frequency bands were extracted and the correlation with the WAB scores in the patients were analyzed. Results:On 0.01-0.08 Hz, ALFF increased in the right precentral gyrus in the patients. On 0.027-0.073 Hz, ALFF increased values in the right precentral gyrus, and fALFF decreased in the right cerebellar Crus2 region; fALFF in the right cerebellar Crus2 region negatively correlated with the scores of information content (r = -0.576, P = 0.025), auditory comprehension (r = -0.658, P = 0.008), repetition (r = -0.616, P = 0.014) and aphasia quotient (r = -0.611, P = 0.016) of WAB. On 0.01-0.027 Hz, the fALFF decreased in the left inferior parietal limbic gyrus, and positively correlated with the scores of information content (r = 0.538, P = 0.039) and aphasia quotient (r = 0.526, P = 0.044). Conclusion:Resting-state fALFF abnormalities in PSA patients are frequency-dependent, which associate with some frequency-specific neurofunctional alterations.

17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1803-1812, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879095

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to explore the key genes and pathogenesis of ischemic stroke(IS) by bioinformatics, and predict the potential traditional Chinese medicines for IS. Based on the gene-chip raw data set of GSE22255 from National Center of Biotechnology Information(NCBI), the article enrolled in 20 patients with ischemic stroke and 20 sex-and age-matched controls, and differentially expressed genes(DEGs) were screened based on R language software. The DAVID tool and R language software were used to perform gene ontology(GO) biological process enrichment analysis and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and gnomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis. The DEGs were imported into STRING to construct a protein-protein interaction network, and the Molecular Complexity Module(MCODE) plug-in of Cytoscape software was used to visualize and analyze the key functional modules. Moreover, the core genes and the medical ontology information retrieval platform(Coremine Medical) were mapped to each other to screen the traditional Chinese medicines and construct drug-active ingredient-target network. Compared with healthy controls, 14 DEGs were obtained, of which 12 genes were up-regulated and 2 genes were down-regulated. DEGs were mainly involved in immune response, inflammatory process, signal transduction, and cell proliferation regulation. The interleukin-17(IL-17), nuclear factor kappaB(NF-κB), tumor necrosis factor(TNF), nucleotide binding oligomerization domain(NOD)-like receptor and other signaling pathways were involved in KEGG pathway enrichment analysis. The key modules of the DEGs-encoding protein interaction network mainly focused on 7 genes of TNF, JUN, recombinant immediate early response 3(IER3), recombinant early growth response protein 1(EGR1), prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2(PTGS2), C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 8(CXCL8) and C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 2(CXCL2), which were involved in biological processes widely such as neuroinflammation and immunity. TNF and JUN were the key nodes in this module, which might become potential biological markers for diagnosis and prognosis evaluation of IS. The potential traditional Chinese medicines for the treatment of IS includes Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Croci Stigma, Scutellariae Radix, and Cannabis Fructus. The occurrence of stroke was the result of multiple factors. Dysregulation of genes and pathways related to immune regulation and inflammation may be the key link for the development of IS. This study provided research direction and theoretical basis for further exploring the mechanism of action of traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of IS and searching for potential drug targets.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain Ischemia , China , Computational Biology , Gene Expression Profiling , Ischemic Stroke , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Stroke/genetics
18.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 747-753, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911963

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the development and maturation process of intestinal organoids in neonatal mice so as to provide a new model for research on perinatal/neonatal intestinal epithelial development and related diseases.Methods:Intestinal tissue of 3-day-old C57BL/6 mice were collected and cultured for mouse intestinal organoids (MIOs) under standard conditions down to the fifth generation. The morphological changes of MIOs were observed and recorded using inverted phase contrast microscope. Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction and immunofluorescence technique were used to detect the expression and location of markers of intestinal stem cells and differentiated cells of intestinal epithelium among different generations of MIOs (Selected marker genes: Lgr5 for intestinal stem cells, Tpm2 and Gja1 for fetal intestinal progenitor cells, Villin for intestinal epithelial cells, Lyz1 for Paneth cells, Muc2 for goblet cells, Chga for endocrine cells; Selected marker proteins: villin for intestinal epithelial cells, mucin 2 for goblet cells, chromaffin A for endocrine cells, lysozyme for Paneth cells). One-way analysis of variance and Bonferroni test were adopted for statistical analysis. Results:Two types of MIOs were observed, immature spheroid and mature organoids with crypt-villus structure. Spheroid was the main form in the primary culture. From primary to the second generation, the proportion of spheroids decreased from (96.61±1.36)% to (8.93±1.50)%, and so did the size ( F=12.88, P<0.001). During the second to the fifth generation, mature organoid, as the main form, increased from (91.07±1.50)% to (95.56±2.14)%. The expression of intestinal stem cell marker Lgr5 in the second generation decreased to 0.40±0.06 times of the primary one ( F=76.75, P<0.001) and then increased after this period. The expression of fetal intestinal progenitor markers Tpm2 decreased significantly during the passage (primary generation: 1.00±0.11, the fifth generation: 0.003±0.001, F=148.00, P<0.001); And the expression of Gja1 decreased from primary generation (1.00±0.14) to the second generation (0.06±0.04) ( F=197.10, P<0.001), but kept stable from the second to fifth genetation ( F=2.20, P=0.13). The expressions of gene markers of differentiated cells in intestinal epithelium, including enterocytes, goblet cells, endocrine cells, and Paneth cells, increased after the second generation (the second generation: Villin: 0.46±0.11; Muc2: 0.68±0.29; Chga: 2.53±0.16; Lyz1: 0.98±0.21; the fifth generation: Villin: 1.02±0.05; Muc2: 8.79±0.61; Chga: 4.32±0.45; Lyz1:3.81±0.36; all P<0.05). Immunofluorescence showed that villin, the intestinal epithelial cell marker protein, was distributed along the villus-side of MIOs in primary and the fifth generation culture. Mucin 2 from goblet cell and chromaffin A from endocrine cell expressed at a very low level in the primary generation, while higher in the fifth generation. In the primary culture, lysozyme from Paneth cell was evenly distributed in organoid cells, and high fluorescent dot-shaped expression was observed in the fifth generation. Conclusions:The development and maturation of immature intestinal epithelium can be simulated by continuous culture of neonatal MIOs. MIOs between the primary and second generation could be used as a research model for development of perinatal intestinal epithelium, and the second to the fifth generation as a model for neonatal intestinal diseases studies.

19.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 709-713, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911957

ABSTRACT

Early-onset sepsis (EOS) continues to be a significant cause of mortality and morbidity in neonates, with difficulty in early identification and a worse prognosis if the treatment is delayed. Clinically, a comprehensive evaluation is usually carried out according to high-risk factors in the perinatal period, early clinical manifestations after birth, and laboratory tests of patients. early empirical antibiotic treatment as soon as possible in suspected cases. However, there is an evidence gap for the standardized evaluation of the EOS risk factors and clinical manifestation, leading to unnecessary early antibiotic treatment in those neonates who are misdiagnosed with neonatal sepsis, resulting in adverse outcomes in the short and long term. Neonatal EOS risk calculator (NEOSC), a new quantitative algorithm for the evaluation of EOS risk in neonates in recent years, has been extensively reached in some developed countries and has been applied in clinical research, providing a new strategy to guide early antibiotic management in patients with suspected EOS. This review summarizes the research progress on NEOSC and its clinical application.

20.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 503-509, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911924

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influence of short-time pasteurization (62.5±0.5℃ for 5 s) on the main bioactive components and immune cells in human breast milk.Methods:Fresh breast milk was collected from 53 women whose premature infants were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of the Children's Hospital of Fudan University from May 2020 to October 2020. Each sample (20 ml) was divided into unsterilized, Holder pasteurized (62.5 ℃ for 30 min), or short-time pasteurized groups. The concentration of secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA), lactoferrin (LTF), lysozyme (LZM), and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) in breastmilk whey were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and the number of viable immune cells (leukocytes, monocytes, T cells, and B cells) in breastmilk by flow cytometry.Results:(1) A total of 87 breast milk samples were collected. The levels of sIgA, LTF, and LZM were the highest in the unsterilized group, followed by the short-time and Holder pasteurized group [0.42 mg/ml (0.33-0.65 mg/ml) vs 0.40 mg/ml (0.28-0.62 mg/ml) and 0.25 mg/ml (0.17-0.37 mg/ml); (3.57±1.06) vs (3.53±1.11) and (0.85±0.58) mg/ml; 128.60 μg/ml (77.18-203.00 μg/ml) vs 121.70 μg/ml (68.66-188.20 μg/ml) and 83.40 μg/ml (47.40-151.40 μg/ml); all P<0.05]. There was no significant difference in the level of IGFBP-3 among the groups. The median retention rates of sIgA, LTF, and LZM in the Holder pasteurized group were all lower than those in the short-time pasteurized group [55.87% (46.01%-71.41%) vs 96.93% (83.03%-115.90%); 21.72% (12.54%-29.42%) vs 97.88% (88.98%-104.30%); 69.26% (49.42%-89.08%) vs 93.80% (74.85%-110.20%); all P<0.05]. No significant difference in the level of preserved IGFBP-3 was observed between the three groups ( P>0.05). (2) The number of viable leukocytes, monocytes, T cells, and B cells in the Holder pasteurized group were lower than those in the unsterilized group [leukocytes: 185.50 (87.00-356.50) vs 1 271.00 (540.50-2 283.00); monocytes: 12.00 (6.00-16.75) vs 266.00 (137.30-518.80); T cells: 1.00 (0.00-2.00) vs 47.50 (28.50-116.00); B cells: 1.00 (0.00-1.75) vs 21.00(10.00-41.50); all P<0.05]. The percentage of viable leukocyte to the total leukocyte and the viable monocytes, T cells, and B cells to the viable leukocytes were lower in the Holder pasteurized group than those in the unsterilized group [24.80%(16.00%-36.80%) vs 74.20%(63.55%-86.45%); 5.91%(4.09%-8.77%) vs 21.90%(17.40%-29.30%); 0.31%(0.00%-1.31%) vs 4.00%(2.69%-6.43%); 0.30%(0.00%-0.86%) vs 1.27%(0.57%-2.85%); all P<0.05]. A similar trend was observed between short-time pasteurization and unsterilized groups (all P<0.05). (3) The percentages of viable monocytes, T cells, and B cells in their subsets were lower in both Holder and short-time pasteurized groups than those in the unsterilized group [2.94%(1.33%-7.14%) vs 9.72%(5.77%-16.00%) and 52.60%(31.35%-68.75%); 0.00%(0.00%-1.61%) vs 0.49%(0.00%-2.53%) and 28.10%(10.55%-57.00%); 0.00%(0.00%-0.83%) vs 0.24%(0.00%-2.47%) and 13.80%(3.27%-41.00%); all P<0.05].The number and percentage of viable leukocytes in total leukocytes and viable monocytes in total monocytes [leukocytes: 279.50(116.80-548.50), 32.20%(20.70%-45.75%); monocytes: 32.00(21.00- 83.75),15.60%(11.10%-19.15%)] were higher than those in the pasteurized group (all P>0.05). The short-time pasteurized group was noted only for a higher percentage of the viable monocytes to viable leukocytes than the Holder pasteurized group (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Compared with the Holder pasteurization, sIgA, LTF, LZM level, and monocyte activity in breast milk can be better preserved by short-time pasteurization.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL