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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936071

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the incidence and risk factors of postoperative surgical site infection (SSI) after colon cancer surgery. Methods: A retrospective case-control study was performed. Patients diagnosed with colon cancer who underwent radical surgery between January 2016 and May 2021 were included, and demographic characteristics, comorbidities, laboratory tests, surgical data and postoperative complications were extracted from the specialized prospective database at Department of General Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Case exclusion criteria: (1) simultaneously multiple primary colon cancer; (2) segmental resection, subtotal colectomy, or total colectomy; (3) patients undergoing colostomy/ileostomy during the operation or in the state of colostomy/ileostomy before the operation; (4) patients receiving natural orifice specimen extraction surgery or transvaginal colon surgery; (5) patients with the history of colectomy; (6) emergency operation due to intestinal obstruction, perforation and acute bleeding; (7) intestinal diversion operation; (8) benign lesions confirmed by postoperative pathology; (9) patients not following the colorectal clinical pathway of our department for intestinal preparation and antibiotic application. Univariate analysis and multivariate analysis were used to determine the risk factors of SSI after colon cancer surgery. Results: A total of 1291 patients were enrolled in the study. 94.3% (1217/1291) of cases received laparoscopic surgery. The incidence of overall SSI was 5.3% (69/1291). According to tumor location, the incidence of SSI in the right colon, transverse colon, left colon and sigmoid colon was 8.6% (40/465), 5.2% (11/213), 7.1% (7/98) and 2.1% (11/515) respectively. According to resection range, the incidence of SSI after right hemicolectomy, transverse colectomy, left hemicolectomy and sigmoid colectomy was 8.2% (48/588), 4.5% (2/44), 4.8% (8 /167) and 2.2% (11/492) respectively. Univariate analysis showed that preoperative BUN≥7.14 mmol/L, tumor site, resection range, intestinal anastomotic approach, postoperative diarrhea, anastomotic leakage, postoperative pneumonia, and anastomotic technique were related to SSI (all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis revealed that anastomotic leakage (OR=22.074, 95%CI: 6.172-78.953, P<0.001), pneumonia (OR=4.100, 95%CI: 1.546-10.869, P=0.005), intracorporeal anastomosis (OR=5.288, 95%CI: 2.919-9.577,P<0.001) were independent risk factors of SSI. Subgroup analysis showed that in right hemicolectomy, the incidence of SSI in intracorporeal anastomosis was 19.8% (32/162), which was significantly higher than that in extracorporeal anastomosis (3.8%, 16/426, χ(2)=40.064, P<0.001). In transverse colectomy [5.0% (2/40) vs. 0, χ(2)=0.210, P=1.000], left hemicolectomy [5.4% (8/148) vs. 0, χ(2)=1.079, P=0.599] and sigmoid colectomy [2.1% (10/482) vs. 10.0% (1/10), χ(2)=2.815, P=0.204], no significant differences of SSI incidence were found between intracorporeal anastomosis and extracorporeal anastomosis (all P>0.05). Conclusions: The incidence of SSI increases with the resection range from sigmoid colectomy to right hemicolectomy. Intracorporeal anastomosis and postoperative anastomotic leakage are independent risk factors of SSI. Attentions should be paid to the possibility of postoperative pneumonia and actively effective treatment measures should be carried out.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Colonic Neoplasms/surgery , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Surgical Wound Infection/etiology
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936067

ABSTRACT

In the radical resection of mid-low rectal cancer, due to the narrow pelvic space and thick mesorectum, it is difficult to expose the operation field. In recent years, with the development of laparoscopic surgery and surgical instruments, the surgeons' requirements for precise anatomical planes, neuroprotection, and functional preservation have become higher and higher. Colorectal surgeons will face more "difficult pelvic" challenges during surgery. Therefore, this article reviews the related research progress of "difficult pelvis" in radical resection of rectal cancer, analyzes the possible anatomical factors leading to the occurrence of "difficult pelvis", and explains the clinical significance of the researches on "difficult pelvis".


Subject(s)
Humans , Laparoscopy , Pelvis/surgery , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery
3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 693-696, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877131

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand mental health status of middle school students in Weifang, and to analyze its association with health risk behaviors, and to provide a reference basis for the effective prevention of mental health problems.@*Methods@#Using the self-designed questionnaire and Kessler l0 (K10), a total of 3 185 middle school students in Weifang selected by using stratified clustered sampling were investigated. Chi-square test and binary Logistic regression was used for statistical analysis.@*Results@#Among the middle school students in Weifang, 1 634(51.3%) reported good mental health, 854(26.8%) in moderate level, 394(12.4%) reported poor mental health, and 303(9.5%) reported very poor mental health. Sleep duration and smoking were associated with mental health of middle school students (P<0.05). Logistic regression analyses showed that, compared with adolescents with sleep duration less than 8 h, mental health among students whose sleep duration ≥8 h was better(OR=0.36); compared with non-smokers, students who smoked showed worse mental health status (OR=3.53).@*Conclusion@#Health-risk behaviors are closely related to mental health of middle school students. Relevant departments should strengthen education and publicity of healthy lifestyles, and pay close attention to the impact of health risk behaviors on mental health.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805514

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effect of 18β-sodium glycyrrhetinic acid on thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) in nasal mucosa of allergic rhinitis (AR) rats.@*Methods@#One hundred Wistar rats,half male and half female,were randomly divided into 5 groups by random number table method: control group, AR model group,budesonide group,18β-sodium glycyrrhetinic acid at dose of 20 mg/kg and 40 mg/kg groups, with 20 rats in each group. AR animal models were established by ovalbumin (OVA) sensitization in the other four experimental groups. After successful modeling, budesonide and 18β-sodium glycyrrhetinic acid were given in each group,and the detection time points were 2 weeks and 4 weeks. The distribution of TSLP in rat nasal mucosa was detected by immunohistochemistry,and the expression of TSLP in rat nasal mucosa was determined by Western blot at the protein level. The expression of TSLP-mRNA in rat nasal mucosa was detected and compared by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (RT-PCR) at mRNA level. The concentrations of IL-4 and OVA-sIgE in rat serum were measured and compared by ELISA. One-way analysis of variance and the least significant difference method were used for the comparison among groups, LSD t test was used for the comparison between the two groups,and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).@*Results@#Immunohistochemistry confirmed existence of TSLP in rat nasal mucosa, especially in epithelial cells,endothelial cells and epithelial cilia. Western blot and RT-PCR suggested that the expression of TSLP and TSLP-mRNA in nasal mucosa of AR model group was significantly higher than that of control group (2 weeks TSLP: 1.795 9±0.131 4 vs 0.990 5±0.164 2, 4 weeks TSLP: 1.809 7±0.253 4 vs 0.870 3±0.124 4; 2 weeks TSLP-mRNA:4.582 9±0.697 7 vs 1.108 7±0.081 1, 4 weeks TSLP-mRNA:4.814 4±0.662 8 vs 1.001 0±0.155 3; all P<0.05). After 2 weeks and 4 weeks of drug intervention,the expression of TSLP and TSLP-mRNA was inhibited in nasal mucosa of budesonide group,18β-sodium sodium glycyrrhetinic acid at dose of 20 mg/kg and 40 mg/kg group,which was significantly different from that of AR model group (2 weeks TSLP: (0.897 8±0.081 8)/(1.072 1±0.113 6)/(1.396 6±0.133 9) vs 1.795 9±0.131 4; 4 weeks TSLP: (1.191 0±0.161 3)/(1.141 0±0.152 3)/(1.200 5±0.189 6) vs 1.809 7±0.253 4; 2 weeks TSLP-mRNA: (1.175 6±0.100 9)/(1.254 4±0.078 2)/(2.037 2±0.559 2) vs 4.582 9±0.697 7; 4 weeks TSLP-mRNA: (1.158 3±0.104 3)/(1.224 0±0.034 0)/(1.275 2±0.099 6) vs 4.814 4±0.662 8; all P<0.05), and not significantly different from control group. With the inhibition of TSLP, the concentrations of IL-4 and OVA-sIgE in rat serum were also decreased.@*Conclusion@#18β-sodium glycyrrhetinic acid has obvious inhibitory effect on TSLP in nasal mucosa of AR rats, which can control Th2 type immune inflammatory reaction.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941930

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of methyl eugenol on the expression of aquaporin (AQP) 5 in nasal mucosa of rats with allergic rhinitis and to explore its significance.@*METHODS@#In the study, 128 Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal control group, AR model control group, budesonide positive control group, 80 mg/kg group, 40 mg/kg group, 20 mg/kg group and 10 mg/kg group, and ovalbumin (OVA) was used to establish the model of allergic rhinitis. After successful modeling, castor oil, budesonide and corresponding doses of methyl eugenol were given respectively. After 1, 2 and 4 weeks of administration, the distribution of AQP5 in nasal mucosa was observed by immunohistochemistry. The expression of AQP5 in nasal mucosa of each group was compared by Western blotting. The expression of AQP5 mRNA was compared with real-time PCR.@*RESULTS@#AQP5 was mainly located in the glandular epithelium and ductal epithelial cell membrane and cytoplasm. The expression of AQP5 and AQP5 mRNA in nasal mucosa of the rats in the model control group was lower than that in the normal control group (P<0.05). AQP5 and AQP5 mRNA in nasal mucosa of the rats in each treatment group were higher than those in the model control group in varying degrees. The expression of AQP5 in the budesonide group was not significantly different from that in the normal control group 1, 2 and 4 weeks after drug intervention (P>0.05), but there was significant difference between the budesonide group and the model control group (P<0.05). The expression of AQP5 mRNA in the budesonide group was significantly different from that in the normal control group and the model control group (P<0.05).After 2 weeks of intervention, the expression of AQP5 in each dose group of methyleugenol was not significantly different from that in the budesonide group (P>0.05). After 1 week of intervention, there was no significant difference in AQP5 mRNA between the 20 mg/kg group and the normal control group (P>0.05), but there was significant difference between the 20 mg/kg group and the model control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Methyl eugenol may increase the degree of edema of the nasal mucosa by reducing the expression of AQP5 and reduce the secretion of glands, thus alleviating the symptoms of allergic rhinitis, sneezing and runny nose.


Subject(s)
Animals , Aquaporin 5 , Eugenol/analogs & derivatives , Nasal Mucosa , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Rhinitis, Allergic
6.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 1165-1169, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-858266

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To identify Polygonum chinensis and its adulterants by ITS2 sequences. METHODS: Total genomic DNA of P. chinensis was extracted using the plant genomic DNA kit. The internal transcribed spacer 2(ITS2) regions were amplified. The variable site of ITS2 regions were analysed through MEGA 6.0 software. The intra-versus inter-specific genetic distances of the ITS2 regions was calculated based on the kimura 2-parameter(K2P) model. Neighbor-Joining phylogenetic trees were constructed using MEGA6.0. RESULTS: The intraspecific variation of P. chinensis was small. However, the interspecific variation of P. chinensis and its adulterants was small distinct. The secondary structure of ITS2 of P. chinensis and its adulterants has significant difference. NJ trees can identify P. chinensis and its adulterants. CONCLUSION: ITS2 Regions can be used to authenticate P. chinensis and its adulterants which provide new METHODS for the identification of P. chinensis. The standard DNA barcodes of P. chinensis are establishment which would lay the foundation of identification and safety clinical drug application of P. chinensis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494347

ABSTRACT

Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a rare and distinct variant of DLBCL. It is classified as a unique subtype of DLBCL in the 2008 WHO classification of lymphomas. No standard and effective therapeutic regi-men is available for ALK+DLBCL because it shows a more aggressive clinical course and frequent relapse. Therefore, a standardized and individualized treatment is needed to benefit more patients diagnosed with ALK+DLBCL through a multiple disciplinary team. This arti-cle presents a case of an ALK+DLBCL patient who relapsed after transplantation and was successfully treated with the ALK kinase inhibi-tor Crizotinib.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239561

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effect of methyleugenol on expression of MUC5AC in nasal mucosa of rats with allergic rhinitis (AR).Seventy-two Wistar rats were randomly divided into 6 groups:normal control group, AR group, loratadine group, low-dose methyleugenol group, middle-dose methyleugenol group and high-dose methyleugenol group with 12 rats in each group. AR was induced by intraperitoneal injection of ovalbumin in latter 5 groups. 10 mg loratadine q.d was given to rats in loratadine group by gavage; and 10 mg/kg, 20 mg/kg and 40 mg/kg methyleugenol were given by gavege q.d to rats in low-, middle-and high-dose methyleugenol groups, respectively. Nasal mucosa samples were obtained from rats at 1, 2, 4 and 6 weeks after drug intervention. The expression of MUC5AC protein and mRNA in nasal mucosa was detected by immunohistochemistry and real-time fluorescence quota PCR (RT-PCR), respectively.Compared with AR, the percentage of cells staining positively for MUC5AC protein and the relative quantity of MUC5AC mRNA in middle-and high-dose methyleugenol groups were significantly decreased after 2 and 4 weeks of drug intervention (<0.05), but no such decrease was observed in low-dose methyleugenol group at all time points (>0.05). The percentage of cells with positive expression of MUC5AC protein and mRNA in loratadine group were significantly decreased after 1 week of administration (<0.05). The percentage of cells with positive MUC5AC protein in middle-dose methyleugenol group was higher than that in loratadine group (<0.05) after 6 week of drug intervention, but the difference was not seen in high-dose group (>0.05). There was no significant difference in relative quantities of MUC5AC mRNA after 4 weeks of administration between high-and middle-dose methyeugenol groups and loratadine group (>0.05).Methyleugenol can attenuate AR through inhibiting the expression of MUC5AC mRNA and protein in nasal mucosa of AR rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Down-Regulation , Eugenol , Pharmacology , Loratadine , Mucin 5AC , Physiology , Nasal Mucosa , Chemistry , Ovalbumin , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Rats, Wistar , Rhinitis, Allergic , Drug Therapy
9.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 1273-1276, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-859571

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To identify Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum and its adulterants using DNA barcoding. METHODS: ITS2 is one of the popular DNA barcoding in the identification of traditional Chinese medicine. In this paper, the ITS2 regions of Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum and its adulterants were amplified and sequenced bi-directional. The length and GC content of ITS2 sequence were analyzed through MEGA5.0 software. The genetic distances were computed by kimura 2-parameter (K2P) model. Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum and its adulterants have been identified through the species identification system for traditional Chinese medicine and neighbor-joining (NJ) phylogenetic tree. RESULTS: The sequence lengths of ITS2 of Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum were 216 bp, and the GC content was 68.5%. The minimum K2P interspecific genetic distances of Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum and its adulterants were 0.009, which was larger than that of the intraspecific genetic distances of Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum. The Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum and its adulterants can be obviously identified using the Species identification System and NJ phylogenetic trees. CONCLUSION: ITS2 Regions as DNA barcode can identify Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum and its adulterants accurately.

10.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 534-538, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-859772

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy and stability of ITS/ITS2 barcodes in identification of Zanthoxmli Pericarpium. METHODS: Total genomic DNAs from samples were extracted by using improved DNA extraction kits. ITS regions were amplified, and the ITS2 sequences were obtained by using the hidden Markov model (HMM) based on annotation method from the ITS sequences. The inter- and intra-specific variation of the Zanthoxmli Pericarpium and its adulterants were analyzed. Zanthoxmli Pericarpium was i-dentified through the Species identification System for Traditional Chinese Medicine and neighbor-joining (NJ) phylogenetic trees. RESULTS: The lengths of ITS/ITS2 sequence of Zanthoxmli Pericarpium were 618-620 bp and 224 bp. The intra-specific genetic distances were smaller than inter-specific ones in ITS/ITS2 regions of Z. schinifolium and Z. bungeanum. Zanthoxmli Pericarpium and its adulterants could be easily differentiated according to the nearest distance, the Species Identification System for Traditional Chinese Medicine and the NJ trees methods. CONCLUSION: ITS/ITS2 regions as DNA barcodes can stably and accurately distinguish Zanthoxmli Pericarpium and its adulterants.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446469

ABSTRACT

Objective: We investigated the clinical significance and prognostic value of peripheral blood absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) in the diagnosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Methods:The medical records of 143 patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma were reviewed. These patients were diagnosed and underwent surgery in Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, China, between February 2002 and April 2008. The correlation between different ALC levels and clinical features was statisti-cally analyzed. Results:Patients with low ALC (<1.0×109/L) at diagnosis showed B symptoms, an international prognostic index score of ≥2, advanced clinical stage (Ann Arbor III/IV), high lactate dehydrogenase level, and high β2-microglobulin level (P<0.05). Pa-tients with high ALC (≥1.0 × 109/L) responded well to treatment (P=0.003). In multivariate analysis, Ann Arbor stage and ALC level were independent prognostic factors of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Patients with low ALC often exhibited advanced clinical stage (Ann ArborⅢ/Ⅳ). Conclusions:ALC level obtained at diagnosis is a novel, powerful prognostic factor of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-445720

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Coronary stent implantation can cause blood vessel damage and wal reconstruction, leading to vascular stent restenosis. Studies have found that visfatin is associated with inflammatory reaction, and exhibits an increased expression at the site of plaque rupture in acute myocardial infarction. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the influence of percutaneous coronary intervention on the levels of visfatin in patients with coronary heart disease. METHODS:Thirty patients with acute myocardial infarction within 12 hours after the onset of the chest pain, 30 patients with unstable pectoris and 30 patients with stable angina pectoris were included. Al patients were successfuly treated by percutaneous coronary intervention. Meanwhile, 30 patients only undergoing coronary angiography but not stenting treatment were selected, and another 30 patients without any treatment served as normal control group. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:According to enzyme-linked immunosorbent method, the visfatin levels of acute myocardial infarction, unstable angina, stable angina and coronary angiography groups continue to rise at pre-operation, 30 minutes, 6 hours, 12 hours, 24 hours after operation, al of which were higher than that in the normal control group (P < 0.05). The results confirmed that within 24 hours after coronary stent implantation the visfatin levels continue to rise.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310919

ABSTRACT

In order to identify Peucedani Radix, Peucedani Decursivi Radix and their adulterants, the internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) regions of Peucedani Radix, Peucedani Decursivi Radix and their adulterants were amplified and bidirectionally sequenced based on the Principles for Molecular Identification of Traditional Chinese Materia Medica Using DNA Barcoding, which has been promulgated by Chinese Pharmacopoeia Commission. Sequences were analyzed and assembled by Codon Code Aligner V3. 7.1. The relevant data were analyzed by MEGA 5. 0. Species identification analyses were performed by using the nearest distance methods and neighbor-joining (NJ) methods. The result showed that the ITS2 sequence lengths of Peucedani Radix were 229-230 bp and the average intra-specific genetic distances were 0.005. The ITS2 sequence lengths of Peucedani Decursivi Radix were 227 bp and the sequences contained no variation site. The average inter-specific K2P genetic distance of Peucedani Radix, Peucedani Decursivi Radix and their adulterants species were 0.044 and 0.065 respectively. The minimum inter-specific divergence is larger than the maximum intra-specific divergence of Peucedani Decursivi Radix. The nearest distance methods and NJ trees results indicated that Peucedani Radix, Peucedani Decursivi Radix and their adulterants species could be identification clearly. The ITS2 regions can stably and accurately distinguish Peucedani Radix, Peucedani Decursivi Radix and their adulterants.


Subject(s)
Apiaceae , Classification , Genetics , DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic , Methods , DNA, Ribosomal Spacer , Drug Contamination
14.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 547-552, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297538

ABSTRACT

The effect of BHC80 (a component of BRAF-HDAC complex) on development was not well studied, because BHC80 gene knock-out mice died in one day after birth. Interestingly, zebrafish embryos can live, even if their important organs like cardiac system has severe dysfunction, as 25%-40% O2 are supplied through their skin. Therefore, a model of BHC80 gene knock-down zebrafish embryos was established to explore the effect of BHC80 on the early embryonic development. BHC80-morpholino antisense oligonucleotides 2 (BHC80-MO2) was designed and injected into zebrafish embryos to interrupt the correct translation of BHC80 mRNA at one or two cells stage, which was proved by RT-PCR analysis. Two control groups, including non-injection group and control-MO (con-MO) injection group, and four different doses of BHC80-MO2 injection groups, including 4 ng, 6 ng, 8 ng and 10 ng per embryo were set up. The embryonic heart phenotype and cardiac function were monitored, analyzed and compared between con-MO and BHC80-MO2 groups by fluorescence microscope in vmhc:gfp transgenic zebrafish which express green fluorescent protein in ventricle. The results showed that BHC80-MO2 microinjection effectively knocked down the BHC80 gene expression, because the BHC80-MO2 group emerged a new 249 bp band which reduced 51 bp compared to 300 bp band of con-MO group in RT-PCR analysis, and the 51 bp was the extron 10. The abnormal embryo rate rose with the increase of BHC80-MO2 dosage. The proper BHC80-MO2 injection dosage was 8 ng per embryo, as minor embryos had abnormal phenotype in 4 ng and 6 ng per embryo groups and most embryos died in 10 ng per embryo group. BHC80-MO2 embryos exhibited abnormal cardiac phenotype, including imbalance of the proportion of heart ventricle to atrium, incomplete D-loop, even tubular heart, slow heart rates and cardiac dysfunction. The results from a model of BHC80 gene knock-down zebrafish embryos show that the abnormal cardiac phenotype and cardiac dysfunction of BHC80-MO2 embryos may be one of the probable reasons for the BHC80 gene knock-out mice death, which would provide a good research model to clarify the mechanism of cardiac development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Embryonic Development , Genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Heart , Embryology , Histone Deacetylases , Genetics , Mice, Knockout , Oligonucleotides, Antisense , RNA, Messenger , Zebrafish , Embryology , Zebrafish Proteins , Genetics
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318703

ABSTRACT

Since the research of molecular identification of Chinese Materia Medica (CMM) using DNA barcode is rapidly developing and popularizing, the principle of this method is approved to be listed in the Supplement of the Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China. Based on the study on comprehensive samples, the DNA barcoding systems have been established to identify CMM, i.e. ITS2 as a core barcode and psbA-trnH as a complementary locus for identification of planta medica, and COI as a core barcode and ITS2 as a complementary locus for identification of animal medica. This article introduced the principle of molecular identification of CMM using DNA barcoding and its drafting instructions. Furthermore, its application perspective was discussed.


Subject(s)
Animals , China , DNA , Genetics , DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic , Methods , DNA, Ribosomal Spacer , Genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Classification , Electron Transport Complex IV , Genetics , Materia Medica , Classification , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Proteins , Genetics , Plants, Medicinal
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287646

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify the Cynomorii Herba and its analogues species using DNA barcoding technique.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Total genomic DNA extracted from all materials using the DNA extraction kit. The internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) regions were amplified using polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and purified PCR products were sequenced bi-directionally. Sequence assembly and consensus sequence generation were performed using the CodonCode Aligner 3.7.1. The Kimura 2-Parameter (K2P) distances and GC content were computed using MEGA 5. 0. Species identification analyses were conducted through the species identification system for traditional Chinese medicine and neighbor-joining (NJ) trees.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The ITS2 sequence lengths of Cynomorii Herba were 229 bp. The average intra-specific genetic distances of Cynomorii Herba were 0.003. The average inter-specific genetic distances between Cynomorii Herba and its adulterants species were 0.760. The results showed that the minimum inter-specific divergence is larger than the maximum intra-specific divergence. The species identification system for traditional Chinese medicine and NJ trees results indicated that Cynomorii Herba and its adulterants species can be easily identification.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The ITS2 region is an efficient barcode for identification of Cynomorii Herba, which provide a new technique to ensure clinical safety in utilization of traditional Chinese medicine.</p>


Subject(s)
Cynomorium , Classification , Genetics , DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic , DNA, Intergenic , Genetics , DNA, Plant , Genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812683

ABSTRACT

UNLABELLED@#The DNA barcoding method was used to accurately and rapidly identify Corni Fructus and its adulterants.@*METHODS@#Genomic DNA extracted from Corni Fructus and its adulterants were used as templates. The ITS (internal trascribed spacer) regions were amplified using polymerase chain reaction. Sequence assembly was performed using CodonCode Aligner V 3.5.4. Genetic distances were computed using MEGA V 5.0. Species identification was conducted using neighbor-joining (NJ) trees.@*RESULTS@#The ITS sequence length of Corni Fructus was 659 bp. The average intra-specific genetic distance of Corni Fructus was 0.005, markedly lower than the inter-specific genetic distance between Corni Fructus and its adulterants (0.357). The ITS2 sequence length of Corni Fructus was 250 bp. No variation was found among the different samples. The interspecific genetic distance of ITS2 between Corni Fructus and its adulterants was 0.571. NJ trees and BLAST results indicated that Corni Fructus and its adulterants can be easily differentiated with monophyly.@*CONCLUSION@#ITS/ITS2 regions can accurately and efficiently distinguish Corni Fructus and its adulterants. In addition, the results not only established the foundation for the clinical safety in the utilization of Corni Fructus, but also provided reference for molecular identification of other Chinese herbal medicine and Chinese herbal pieces.


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , Cornus , Classification , Genetics , DNA, Plant , Genetics , DNA, Ribosomal Spacer , Genetics , Drug Contamination , Molecular Sequence Data , Molecular Typing , Methods , Phylogeny , Species Specificity
18.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 306-310, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335290

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The aim of this study was to analyze the efficacy and toxicity of RNCE regimen in the treatment of relapsed or refractory B cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2000 to December 2005, 46 patients with relapsed or refractory B cell NHL were treated by RNCE regimen with or without radiotherapy for the involved field. The clinical characteristics, response, toxicity and long-term survival results were analyzed retrospectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 46 patients were eligible. The complete response rate of second-line therapy was 52.17% (24/46), and the overall response rate was 82.61% (38/46). The median follow-up duration in this series was 69 months (range:6 to 102 months). The overall 1, 3, 5-year survival rate was 74.8%, 48.3%, 40.1%, respectively, with a median survival time of 30.2 months (5 to 65 months), and median progression free survival time of 10.9 months (2 to 31 months). The major toxicities were myelosuppression, GI toxicity, fatigue, fever and alopecia.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Our data show that RNCE regimen treatment is effective and well tolerated in patients with relapsed or refractory B cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Alopecia , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived , Therapeutic Uses , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Cisplatin , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Etoposide , Fatigue , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Leukopenia , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neoplasm Staging , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab , Survival Rate , Thrombocytopenia , Vinblastine , Young Adult
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-415451

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence of latent tuberculosis infection(LTBI),and to identify the risk factors in primary schoolchildren from Shanghai through the population-based field investigation combined with the tuberculosis infection enzyme-linked immunospot assay(T-SPOT.TB)assay.Methods The children in grade 4 and 5 were enrolled from four primary schools in Pudong new district and Yangpu district of Shanghai.Questionnaire interview was applied to investigate the soeiodemographic and clinical information related to LTBI.The T-SPOT.TB assay was used to detect LTBI in the enrolled subjects.Univaitate and multivariate analyses were used to identify the risk factors associated with LTBI among the primary schoolchildren.Results Totally 472 schoolchildren were enrolled in the present study,with 439(93.0%)being vaccinated with bacillus calmette-guerin (BCG) and ten (2.1%) having contact history with tuberculosis (TB) patients.Among the 472 eligible subjects,16(3.4%) children were T-SPOT.TB positive,who had no clinical symptoms andsigns relevant to TB and were defined as LTBI.The LTBI prevalence in BCG vaccinated and unvaccinated children were 2.7% and 12.1%,respectively (OR:6.972;95%CI:1.834-26.500);those in TB contacts and children without TB contact history were 30.0% and 2.8%, respectively (OR: 16. 38; 95% CI: 3. 692-72. 700). Conclusions The prevalence of LTBI among senior schoolchildren in Shanghai is 3.4%. BCG vaccination is protective for children from LTBI, while daily contacts with TB patients increases the risk of LTBI in schoolchildren.

20.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 911-915, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335364

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The aim of this study was to assess the expression of cell division cycle 7 (Cdc7) kinase and minichromosome maintenance protein 2 (MCM2) in diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and explore their relationship with prognosis of DLBCL patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 60 DLBCL patients treated in our hospital from 2008.1 to 2010.1 were collected. The expression levels of Cdc7 and MCM2 in peripheral blood and bone marrow were determined by real-time PCR. A statistical analysis was carried out to evaluate their association with prognosis in DLBCL patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 2-year survival rate of patients with high expression of peripheral blood Cdc7 was 38.3% and those with low expression 65.4% (P = 0.001). The 2-year survival rate of patients with high expression of bone marrow Cdc7 was 37.2% and those with low expression was 75.5% (P = 0.032). The 2-year survival rate of patients with high expression of MCM2 in peripheral blood was 44.0% and those with low expression was 68.2% (P = 0.025). The 2-year survival rate of patients with high expression of MCM2 in bone marrow was 39.0% and those with low expression was 63.4% (P = 0.007). A poor disease specific survival was observed in DLBCL patients with high level expression of Cdc7 and MCM2.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Cdc7 and MCM2 expression can be used to assess tumor proliferation and may be useful as an additional marker in combination with conventional markers in prediction of the outcome of DLBCL patients. Moreover, the Cdc7 and MCM2 signal pathway might be useful as a new approach in the treatment of refractory DLBCL lymphoma patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Biomarkers, Tumor , Blood , Bone Marrow , Metabolism , Cell Cycle Proteins , Blood , Cell Proliferation , Female , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Blood , Pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Minichromosome Maintenance Complex Component 2 , Neoplasm Staging , Nuclear Proteins , Blood , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases , Blood , Survival Rate , Young Adult
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