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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1204-1208, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876887

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To compare the chemical constituents of petroleum ether fraction from ethanol extract of Aconitum sinomontanum before and after processing. METHODS :After A. sinomontanum was purified with water ,the raw product decoction pieces were prepared ;the raw decoction pieces were steamed with licorice juice under high pressure to prepare processed decoction pieces of A. sinomontanum . The petroleum ether fractions of raw product and processed product were obtained after ultrasonic extraction with 95% ethanol. The chemical constituents in the samples were analyzed by GC-MS. NIST 2014 mass spectrometry database was used to compare and match the components . The peak area normalization method was used to determine the relative percentage content of each component. RESULTS :Before and after processing ,fatty acids and esters were the main components in the petroleum ether fraction from ethanol extract. Totally 18 chromatographic peaks were detected in the detection pieces of raw product,and 13 compounds were identified ,accounting for 94.60% of the total content of volatile components. The components with relatively high content were (Z,Z,Z)-9,12,15-octadecatrienoic acid (26.13%),hexadecanoic acid ethyl ester (25.27%), palmitoleic acid (10.84%),ethyl linoleic acid (10.67%),(Z,Z)-9,12-octadecenoic acid methyl ester (6.66%),pentadecanoic acid(5.11%)and so on. Totally 25 chromatographic peaks were detected in the decoction pieces of processed products,and 18 components were identified ,accounting for 82.40% of the total content of volatile components. The components with relatively high content were palmitoleic acid (18.95%),(Z,Z)-9,12-octadecenoic acid methyl ester (17.93%),hexadecanoic acid ethyl ester(11.94%),(Z,Z,Z)-9,12,15-octadecatrienoic acid (10.54%),(Z,Z)-9,12-octadecenoic acid (5.51%),(Z)-11-hexadecanoic acid(5.30%)and so on. After processing ,7 new components were added ,5 of which were identified as (-)-eucalyptus globulus alcohol,ethyl 2-methyltetrade-canoate,6-methyl-4-phenylcoumarin,β-sitosterol,heptadecane. After processing ,no components disappeared,and the content of some components increased or decreased. CONCLUSIONS :After processing ,the volatile components in the petroleum ether fraction from ethanol extract of A. sinomontanum are different ,and(-)-eucalyptus globulus alcohol and other components are added after processing.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 758-763, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875660

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish the eva luation criteria for the rationality of tumor nutritional standardized treatment ,and to provide reference for nutritional standardized treatment in tumer patients . METHODS :Based on domestic and foreign guidelines or expert consensus ,the rationality evaluation standard of tumor nutritional standardized treatmentwas formulated in our hospital (Bozhou Municipal People ’s Hospital ). 50 nutritional treatment medical records in our hospital from Jan. to Jun. 2019 were evaluated by weighted TOPSIS ;according to the evaluation results ,nutritional intervention was carried out ,and 50 nutritional treatment medical records (group B )from Aug. to Dec. 2019 were re-evaluated by the same method after intervention. RESULTS : The established evaluation criteria for the rationality of tumor nutritional standardized treatment in our hospital included 18 indicators,such as malnutrition diagnosis ,description of the nature of malnutrition ,nutrition screening and evaluation ,etc. After analysis ,the rational rate of nutritional treatment was only 18% in group A (Ci of ideal solution with 9 medical records≥0.6),and 78% in group B (Ci of ideal solution with59 medical records ≥0.6). There was statistical significance in the rationality of nutritional treatment before and after nutritional intervention (Ci≥0.6)(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS :The established rational evaluation method of tumor nutritional standardized treatment is feasible ,and the evaluation results are intuitive and reasonable. Nutrition intervention is helpful to reduce the irrational rate of nutritional treatment.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 217-223, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872618

ABSTRACT

In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effect of SYT-1, a new compound of tetrahydroisoquino-line, on tumor cell proliferation and underlying mechanisms. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) method was used to detect cell proliferation; clone formation experiment was used to detect cell clone formation ability; JC-1 probe was used to detect cell mitochondrial membrane potential; 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA) probe was used to detect intracellular reactive oxygen species; Annexin V-FITC/PI (fluorescein isothiocyanate/propidium) counterstaining method was used to detect apoptosis; Western blot assay was used to detect the expression level of related proteins. The experimental results show that SYT-1 has a significant inhibitory effect on the proliferation of six human-derived cancer cells. Among them, the inhibitory effect on breast cancer MCF-7 cells is the strongest, the half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of SYT-1 of 48 h administration on MCF-7 cells is 5.87 μmol·L-1, which is better than that of cisplatin (8.92 μmol·L-1). Further studies have shown that SYT-1 can dose-dependently inhibit the monoclonal formation ability of MCF-7 cells, and can cause the mitochondrial membrane potential of the cells to decrease and the level of reactive oxygen species to increase. In addition, SYT-1 can significantly inhibit the activation of PI3K-Akt (phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B) signaling pathway and induce apoptosis of MCF-7 cells. The above research results show that, as a new type of tetrahydroisoquinoline compound, SYT-1 has the potential to inhibit tumor cell proliferation.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880051

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To understand the carrying rate, gene mutation frequency and composition ratio of thalassemia in pregnant women in Suxian and Beihu districts of Chenzhou, Hunan Province.@*METHODS@#Thalassemia gene in 11 212 samples was analyzed by using Next-Generation Sequencing.@*RESULTS@#Among the 11 212 samples, 938 were diagnosed as thalassemia, in which 618 (5.51%) were diagnosed as α-thalassemia, 268 (2.39%) as β-thalassemia, 29(0.26%)as abnormal hemoglobin and 23 (0.21%) as αβ-thalassemia. The gene mutations of --SEA /αα(40.29%) and -α3.7/αα(37.7%) in α-thalassemia were the most common, while for β- thalassemia, the most commonly gene mutation were β41-42M/βN(24.26%) and β654M/βN(23.88%). The detection rate of rare type α,β-thalassemia gene was 0.19%(21/11 212), 0.53%(59/11 212), respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The carrying rate of thalassemia in pregnant women is 8.37% in Suxian and Beihu districts of Chenzhou city, and the genotypes are complex. Next-Generation Sequencing can detect rare thalassemia genes and new gene mutations effectively.


Subject(s)
China , Female , Genotype , Hemoglobins, Abnormal , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Mutation , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , alpha-Thalassemia/genetics , beta-Thalassemia/genetics
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888031

ABSTRACT

As a new strategy capable of uncovering the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicines, the quantitative analysis of multi-components by single-marker(QAMS) has been widely employed for the quality evaluation of Chinese medicinal materials, slices, and extracts. However, its application in the assessment of Chinese patent medicines is yet to be explored. By referring to the determination of three bufogenins in Bufonis Venenum by QAMS described in Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 Edition), this paper selected seven representative preparations containing Bufonis Venenum and explored whether the relative correction factors(RCFs) of cinobufagin(CB) to bufalin(BF) and resibufogenin(RB) could be directly used for the quality control of Bufonis Venenum-contained preparations. Based on the qualitative analyses under the same chromatographic conditions as used for toad venom, combing specificity test, five preparations such as Yatong Yili Pills, Houzheng Pills, Xiongdan Jiuxin Pills, Liushen Pills and Niuhuang Xiaoyan Pills, were expected to use validated RCFs for the direct determination of three components. Taking Houzheng Pills as an example, the methodological validation of bufalin, cinobufagin and resibufogenin was carried out, and the recoveries of bufalin, cinobufagin and resibufogenin were 90.64%-106.1%. The obvious difference was not observed between the contents of bufalin and resibufogenin in 24 batches of preparation samples by QAMS and external reference method. In the tested samples, the content of bufalin, cinobufagin and resibufogenin were 1.27-2.61, 2.44-5.66 and 0.988-3.16 mg·g~(-1) in 10 batches of Liushen Pills samples. The contents of bufalin, cinobufagin and resibufogenin were 0.760-1.32, 1.35-2.39 and 0.600-1.55 mg·g~(-1) in 10 batches of Houzheng Pills samples from three manufacturers. The obtained data contribute to improving the quality standard of Bufonis Venenum-contained preparations, and they also provide some ideas for the application of QAMS in the quality evaluation and control of Chinese patent medicines.


Subject(s)
China , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs , Quality Control
6.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1109-1118, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911843

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize and analyze the clinical data of Chinese patients with colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF1R)-related leukoencephalopathy, and clarify the phenotypic and genetic characteristics of Chinese patients.Methods:Medical history of patients with CSF1R-related leukoencephalopathy diagnosed from April 1, 2018 to January 31, 2021 in the department of neurology of 22 hospitals in China was collected, and scores of Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale (MoCA), magnetic resonance severity scale were evaluated. Group comparison was performed between male and female patients.Results:A total of 62 patients were included, and the male-female ratio was 1∶1.95. The age of onset was (40.35±8.42) years. Cognitive impairment (82.3%, 51/62) and motor symptoms (77.4%,48/62) were the most common symptoms. The MMSE and MoCA scores were 18.79±7.16 and 13.96±7.23, respectively, and the scores of two scales in male patients (22.06±5.31 and 18.08±5.60) were significantly higher than those in females (15.53±7.41 , t=2.954, P=0.006; 10.15±6.26, t=3.328 , P=0.003). The most common radiographic feature was bilateral asymmetric white matter changes (100.0%), and the magnetic resonance imaging severity scale score was 27.42±11.40, while the white matter lesion score of females (22.94±8.39) was significantly higher than that of males (17.62±8.74 , t=-2.221, P<0.05). A total of 36 CSF1R gene mutations were found in this study, among which c.2381T>C/p.I794T was the hotspot mutation that carried by 17.9% (10/56) of the probands. Conclusions:The core phenotypic characteristics of CSF1R-related leukoencephalopathy in China are progressive motor and cognitive impairment, with bilateral asymmetrical white matter changes. In addition, there exist gender differences clinically, with severer cognitive impairment and imaging changes in female patients. Thirty-six CSF1R gene mutations were found in this study, and c.2381T>C/p. I794T was the hotspot mutation.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911461

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effectiveness of first-line mechanical thrombectomy (MT) with other types of endovascular treatment (EVT) in patients with acute vertebrobasilar artery occlusion (VBAO).Methods:From May 2012 to December 2019, acute VBAO patients diagnosed by angiographic examinations were consecutively enrolled from Nanjing Stroke Registry. Patients were divided into first-line MT group who were treated with stent retriever and direct aspiration, and other types of EVT group who underwent intraarterial thrombolysis, tirofiban infusion, balloon dilation, and stent placement etc. Clinical characteristics at baseline with statistical trends ( P<0.1) between different groups were analyzed to calculate propensity scores, which were adjusted in binary Logistic regression for the relationship between first-line treatment and clinical outcome. Results:A total of 107 patients were enrolled in this study including 82 males and 25 females with average age 62 years old (35-82). The overall recanalization rate was 82.2% (88/107). During follow-up, 33.6% (36/107) and 37.1% (39/105) patients achieved good outcome (defined as modified Rankin Scale score 0-3) at 90 days and 1 year, respectively. The MT group received EVT earlier than the other types of EVT group (median year: 2017 vs. 2015, P=0.017), as well as higher proportion of atrial fibrillation history (21.6% vs. 0, P=0.002), higher baseline National Institution of Health Stroke Scale scores (median: 26 vs. 23, P=0.049), lower Glasgow Coma Scale scores (median: 6 vs. 7, P=0.027), and longer estimated occlusion to groin-puncture time (median: 367 min vs. 283 min, P=0.023). There were significant differences in the stroke etiologies between two groups ( P=0.002). The MT group had a lower ratio of rescue device treatment (28.4% vs. 54.5%, P=0.009). After propensity scores were adjusted, the recanalization rate of MT group was significantly higher than that in the other group [odds ratio (95% confidence interval [ CI]):5.201, 95 %CI 1.562-17.317, P=0.007]. No difference was noted regarding other clinical outcomes. Subgroup analysis indicated that recanalization rates in patients without atherosclerosis were different between intervention types [odds ratio (95 %CI): 7.859, 95 %CI 1.469-42.042, P=0.016], while the recanalization rates was comparable in population with atherosclerosis [odds ratio (95 %CI): 3.739, 95 %CI 0.613-22.812, P=0.153]. Conclusion:In acute VBAO patients, first-line MT is associated with higher recanalization rate compared with other types of EVT, especially in non-atherosclerosis patients.

8.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1189-1193, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910989

ABSTRACT

Frailty syndrome is an age-related clinical state of the physiological homeostasis imbalance and the declines in physiological functions.However, the mechanism of frailty is still not clear, and it can only be diagnosed by assessment tools in the clinical research setting without stable and reliable biomarkers.As a new tool, omics platform has made a lot of progress in the field of frailty biomarkers.In this paper, we will review the research status of frailty biomarkers from four aspects including genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics.

9.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 800-804, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910224

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the level and the influencing factors of blood uric acid in monks and nuns in Wutai Mountain area, and to explore the relationship between blood uric acid level and BMI and blood lipids levels.Methods:Physical examinations and laboratory tests were performed on monks and nuns in Wutai Mountain area. There were 207 males and 261 females. Physical examination includes height, weight, blood pressure, blood uric acid, blood lipid, blood glucose and other indicators. The blood uric acid level was measured using the uricase method. Chi-square test for trend, and t test were utilized for statistical analysis. Results:The average blood uric acid level of the monk and the nun was (372±6) μmol/L and (290±4) μmol/L, respectively. Obviously, the average blood uric acid level of the monk was significantly higher than it in the nun ( t=11.636, P<0.01). The total incidence rate of hyperuricemia, which was diagnosed when the blood uric acid level was higher than 420 μmol/L in males and the blood uric acid level was higher than 360 μmol/L in females. In particular, the incidence rate of hyperuricemia was much higher in the monk (24.3%, 50/207) than in the nuns (13.4%, 35/261) ( χ2=8.966, P<0.01) . Analysis by age, the prevalence of hyperuricemia in men was 20.3%(42/207) before the age of 50, which was higher than that after the age of 50 (3.9%, 8/207) ( χ2=26.3, P< 0.01); The prevalence of hyperuricemia in women before the age of 50 was 2.7%(7/261), which was lower than that after the age of 50 (10.7%, 28/261) ( χ2=13.51, P<0.01). The uric acid level of men and women between 50-60 years old, showed the opposite trend. The level of uric acid in men decreased and increased in women. In addition, the prevalence of triglyceride abnormalities and overweight was more significantly in monks and nuns with high uric acid than those with the normal uric acid level [71.8%(61/85) vs 45.2%(173/383), χ2=19.68, P<0.01; 54.1%(46/85) vs 19.8%(76/383), χ2=42.4, P<0.01]; while no significant difference of total cholesterol and blood glucose levels was observed between these two groups. Conclusion:There are differences in blood uric acid levels among Wutai Mountain area monks and nuns of different ages and genders. The level of blood uric acid in male is significantly higher than that in female. Lipid metabolism and over weight are closely related to elevated level of the uric acid, which might be the risk factors of uric acid abnormality in Wutai Mountain population.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909540

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the differences between impaired perspective-taking and executive function in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD).Methods:From January 2019 to December 2020, according to DSM-5 diagnostic criteria, thirty-two cases of ADHD children aged 6 to 16(ADHD group) and twenty-six cases of typical development children and adolescents matched with age and intelligence (TD Group) were included. The response time and accuracy rate in dilemma stage and probe stage to self-oriented, maternal perspective-taking and other perspective-taking were measured using perspective-shifting task, and the executive function was evaluated by the behavior rating inventory of executive function (BRIEF). Repeated measurement analysis of variance was used to compare the difference of response time and accuracy rate between the two groups. Pearson correlation analysis was used to explore the correlation between the perspective-taking behavior characteristics and the BRIEF total score and subscale scores of ADHD group.Results:The total score and subscale scores of BRIEF scale in ADHD group were significantly higher than those in TD group (all P<0.01). The interaction between group and task type was significant during the task dilemma stage of perspective-shifting task ( F(2, 106)=4.365, P<0.05). Simple effect analysis showed that in other-perspective-taking task, the response time of ADHD group ((2 305.48±464.27)ms) was significantly longer than that of TD group ((1 971.13±462.95)ms) and the difference was statistically significant ( t=2.870, P<0.01). Pearson correlation analysis showed that the response time of ADHD group to other perspective-taking in dilemma stage was positively correlated with working memory, organization and inhibition index in EF ( r=0.401, 0.432, 0.342, all P<0.01). Conclusion:The ability of the perspective taking is closely related to impaired executive function, which seem to share a common neuropsychological basis.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908904

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the construction status of clinical skills training centers of secondary and above comprehensive western hospitals in Yunnan Province, and to provide a basis for the scientific, specific and standardized construction and development of clinical skills training centers of hospitals at all levels in Yunnan Province.Methods:The evaluation index of the construction of clinical skills training center was established, and questionnaires were developed to investigate the current situation of the construction of clinical skills training center in the secondary and above comprehensive western hospitals in the whole province. SPSS 17.0 software was used for chi-square test.Results:According to the investigation, 79.1% (72/91) of secondary and above comprehensive western hospitals in Yunnan Province have established clinical skills centers of different scales, but 84.6% (77/91) of them have fewer than 50 teachers participating in clinical skills teaching each year, with weak faculty and big differences in the faculty of hospitals at all levels ( P<0.05). In 64.6% (84/130) of the centers, the simulated teaching courses are only single basic skill courses, and the training content is relatively single, with great differences in the current situation ( P<0.05). Only 33.0% (30/91) of the centers have initially established an internal quality control system, and there are statistically significant differences in the way of conducting quality evaluation ( P=0.023). Conclusion:The foundation of the connotation construction of the clinical skill center is to establish a complete, professional and gradient teaching team and a stepped clinical skills training curriculum system. The construction of a perfect internal quality control system is the vitality of the development of the clinical skill center, and scientific research is the source of the sustainable development of the center.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908621

ABSTRACT

Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is the leading cause of blindness in children worldwide.Intravitreal injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has become a widely used first-line treatment for ROP in recent decade, but the anti-VEGF treatment of ROP is off-label in China, and the injection method and dosage are different from adults.In December 2020, the Clinical Guideline for Anti-vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Therapy of Retinopathy of Prematurity was released by the Japanese Ophthalmological Society, which is by far the only guideline for anti-VEGF treatment of ROP.Due to the ethnic similarity between Japanese and Chinese, this guideline is of high reference value to Chinese ROP clinical practice.This article introduced and interpreted the main information in the guideline to provide Chinese ophthalmologists references for the understanding, diagnosis and treatment of ROP.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908442

ABSTRACT

The quality control of inguinal hernia is a key point of herniology development in China, which is on the basis of continuous clinical quality improvement. The standardized operation of inguinal hernia repair requires the tacit cooperation of surgeons and the operating room nursing team. According to the existing mature seven step method in inguinal hernia surgery, the authors summarize the seven step nursing process of operation, in order to provide smoother and better operation guarantee in open and laparoscopic hernioplasty.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906097

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically evaluate the efficacy of oral Chinese herbal prescriptions combined with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) against primary hepatic carcinoma (PHC) and screen the basic Chinese herbs,in order to provide certain reference for clinical medication. Method:The randomized controlled trials concerning the treatment of PHC with oral Chinese herbal prescriptions plus TACE were retrieved from CBM,China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI),Chongqing Weipu Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals (VIP),and Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform.The quality of the included trials was evaluated by Cochrane handbook,and the Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3.The enumeration data were expressed by odds ratio (OR),the measurement data by mean difference (MD) or standardized mean difference (SMD),and the effect size by 95% confidence interval (CI).The data of oral Chinese herbal prescriptions involved in trials were sorted out and subjected to association rule analysis and frequency analysis based on the Traditional Chinese Medicine Inheritance Support System (TCMISS),for exploring the basic Chinese herbs and their dosages against PHC. Result:A total of 75 randomized controlled trials were included,involving 7 406 cases. As revealed by the Meta-analysis,oral Chinese herbal prescriptions combined with TACE was significantly better than TACE alone in improving the short-term curative effect [OR=2.05,95%CI(1.83,2.29)],decreasing alpha fetoprotein (AFP) [MD=-59.02,95%CI(-79.03,-39.01)],ameliorating liver function [SMD=-1.23,95%CI(-1.58,-0.88)],boosting immunity [SMD=1.08,95%CI(0.84,1.32)],adjusting Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) scale score [OR=2.7,95%CI(1.11,11.02)],elevating survival rate [OR=2.31,95%CI(1.96,2.71)],and reducing adverse reactions [OR=0.38,95%CI(0.34,0.43)].Data mining results showed that the basic Chinese herbs against PHC were Bupleuri Radix,Paeoniae Alba Radix,Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma,Poria,and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma,with their clinical dosages listed as follows:6-15 g for Bupleuri Radix,10-15 g for Paeoniae Alba Radix,9-15 g for Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma,10-15 g for Poria,and 3-10 g for Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. Conclusion:The oral Chinese herbal prescriptions combined with TACE produce better effects in treatment of PHC as compared with TACE alone.These five basic Chinese herbs have anti-cancer effect,and their dosages are within the ranges stipulated in 2020 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia.</italic>This Meta-analysis has provided certain reference for clinical medication.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905977

ABSTRACT

The recycling of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) wastes is an important research topic to be solved urgently in the industrialization of TCM resources. Rhei Radix et Rhizoma is a bulk Chinese herb mainly derived from Rheum palmatum,R. tanguticum,and R. officinale. At present,these three medicinal plants have been cultivated on a large scale and widely used in the fields of medicine,health care,food,cosmetics,and veterinary medicine,with an annual demand of more than 5 500 tons(1 ton=1 000 kg). However,a large number of wastes such as non-medicinal parts and residues produced in the production and deep processing are discarded because there is no effective way of utilization,resulting in serious waste of resources and environmental pollution. The non-medicinal parts contain not only the chemical components and pharmacological effects similar to those of roots and rhizomes but also a variety of amino acids,mineral elements,and conventional nutrients. They have a long history of use,and the content of some resource components is higher than that in roots and rhizomes. In particular,their stems and leaves exhibit great potential to be consumed as food and medicine due to high safety. Besides,the content of anthraquinones in Rhei Radix et Rhizoma residue is high and it possesses good antibacterial activity. It can be seen that the waste from the industrialization of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma has high utilization value. Hence,based on the relevant literature and investigation on the application of producing areas in China and abroad,the paper summarized the utilization status of their medicinal and non-medicinal parts,the waste production in the industrialization,as well as the active substances and utilization ways and put forward the multi-level and multi-path utilization strategy of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma wastes,in order to provide reference for the rational development and application of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma resources and promote the effective utilization and green development of the corresponding wastes.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905182

ABSTRACT

Objective:To apply real-time shear wave elastography to observe the effect of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM) on Achilles tendons for healthy adults. Methods:From July to December, 2020, 52 healthy adults were assigned into control group (n = 15) and experimental group (n = 37) randomly. The experimental group received IASTM on left Achilles tendons, once another day for two weeks, while the control group received no treatment. The thickness and elastic modulus of the left Achilles tendons were measured with high-frequency ultrasound and shear wave ultrasound elastography on all the subjects, before treatment, immediately after the first treatment and three days after treatment, respectively. Results:Five cases dropped down in the experimental group. There was no significant difference in thickness and elastic Young's modulus of the left Achilles tendons between two groups before treatment (t < 0.630, P > 0.05). The thickness of the left Achilles tendons was less in the experimental group than in the control group immediately after the first treatment (t = 2.149, P < 0.05), while average and maximum elastic Young's modulus was less three days after treatment (t > 2.134, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Real-time shear wave elastography could quantify the thickness and elasticity of Achilles tendon, to evaluate the effect of IASTM.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885983

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the time-effect relationship of moxibustion for primary dysmenorrhea (PD) due to stagnation and congelation of cold-damp, thus explore the optimal choice of moxibustion duration, and provide evidence for achieving satisfactory efficacy in moxibustion treatment. Methods: A total of 90 patients with PD due to stagnatin and congelation of cold-damp were divided into three groups by the random number table method, with 30 cases in each group. All the patients in the three groups were given moxibustion treatment at Guanyuan (CV 4), 20 min in group A, 40 min in group B and 60 min in group C. The changes in the pain measurement score in the three groups were observed after treatment. Results: After treatment, there were significant differences in the clinical efficacy among the three groups (P<0.05); the clinical efficacy was better in group B and group C than that in group A (P<0.05), and that in group B was better than that in group C (P<0.05). Besides, the pain measurement score changed significantly after treatment in the three groups (all P<0.05), and the between-group differences were also statistically significant (P<0.05); the pain measurement scores in group B and group C were lower than that in group A (P<0.05), and that in group B was lower than that in group C (P<0.05). Conclusion: Given the same stimulating frequency and intervention time of moxibustion, 40-minute duration demonstrates relatively better efficacy for PD due to stagnation and congelation of cold-damp.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883936

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the changes of protein expression of apoptosis signal pathway in prefrontal cortex of rats with post-stroke depression(PSD) after lateral ventricle injected of brain-derived neurotrophic factor precursor(proBDNF).Methods:Among 55 healthy adult female SD rats, 25 rats were randomly selected as PSD group, and the other 30 rats were randomly divided into normal group ( n=10), depression group ( n=10) and stroke group ( n=10). The middle cerebral artery occlusion(MCAO) model was established by thread occlusion in the stroke group, the chronic stress depression model in the depression group was established by the combination of chronic unpredictable mild stress(CUMS) and the solitary feeding method.And the rats in the PSD group were established MCAO model first, then they were received CUMS stress and solitary rearing one week later so as to establish PSD model.Two weeks after the establishment of the model, 15 rats in PSD group were randomly divided into proBDNF group, rats in tPA group and NS control group.One week after buried tube of lateral ventricle, rats in tPA and proBDNF were injected into the lateral ventricle for one week.The protein expressions of c-Jun N-terminal kinase(JNK), p-JNK, p53, p-p53 and Bax in prefrontal cortex of rats in each group were detected by Western blot at the 4th and 8th week after modeling.SPSS 17.0 software was used for data analysis, one-way ANOVA was used for comparison between groups, and SNK- q was used for pairwise comparison. Results:The expressions of p-p53, p53, p-JNK, JNK and Bax in prefrontal cortex of normal group, depression group, stroke group and PSD group were significantly different at the end of 4th and 8th week after MCAO modeling ( F=3.426-90.355, all P<0.05). Post-hoc analysis showed that, compared with the normal group, the expressions of p-JNK (0.378±0.042) and Bax (0.478±0.054) in the prefrontal cortex of PSD rats increased significantly at the end of the 4th week(both P<0.05), and the expressions of p-JNK(0.411±0.056), p-p53 (0.286±0.083) and Bax (0.471±0.008) in the prefrontal cortex of PSD group increased significantly at the end of the 8th week(all P<0.05). After lateral ventricle injection of proBDNF, there were significant differences in the expression of p-p53, p53, p-JNK, JNK and Bax among proBDNF group, tPA group and NS group ( F=16.915-287.039, all P<0.01). Post-hoc analysis showed that, compared with NS group, the expressions of p-JNK (0.35±0.01)and p-p53 (0.31±0.01)in prefrontal cortex of proBDNF group increased significantly(both P<0.05). After lateral ventricle injection of proBDNF, there were significant differences in body weight, sucrose preference rate, horizontal movement distance among proBDNF group, tPA group and NS group ( F=18.741-76.305, all P<0.01), and compared with tPA group and NS group, behavioral indexes of proBDNF group (body weight (224.36±3.23) g, sucrose preference rate (69.83±1.72)%, horizontal movement distance (57.93±2.09) blocks, vertical movement distance (19.79±1.81)) decreased significantly(all P<0.05). Conclusion:The proBDNF promotes the activation of apoptosis signal pathway in the rats with PSD.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883438

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between white matter lesions (WML) at different locations and cognitive function.Methods:The cognitive function of 68 patients with WML in Beijing Electric Power Hospital from January 2019 to May 2020 were assessed with Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale (MoCA), and the extent of WML were assessed with age-related white matter changes rating scale(ARWMCRs). Correlation between the ARWMCRs scores of different locations and the scores of all locations and the scores of cognitive function, as well as the relationship between the ARWMCRs scores of different locations and each subitem of cognitive function were analyzed.Results:In 68 patients with WML, the degree of lesions in different parts from heavy to light was frontal area, parietooccipital area, basal ganglia area and temporal area, and no white matter lesions were found in infratentorial area. Except the basal ganglia region, the ARWMCRs scores in other regions and the total score were negatively correlated with MoCA score, among which, the ARWMCRs score in left frontal area, right frontal area, left parietal pillow and right parietal pillow region had the strongest correlation with MoCA score( rs=- 0.388, - 0.479, -0.418, -0.502, all P<0.01).In WML patients, the left frontal area was negatively correlated with language, abstraction and orientation ( rs=- 0.479, - 0.324, - 0.288, all P<0.01).The ARWMCRs score in right frontal area was negatively correlated with visual spatial and executive function, memory, language, abstraction, and orientation ( rs=- 0.324, -0.272, -0.459, -0.382, -0.352, all P<0.05). The ARWMCRs score in left parietal occipital region was negatively correlated with visual spatial and executive function and memory ( rs =-0.287、- 0.270, all P<0.05). The ARWMCRs score in right parietal occipital region was negatively correlated with memory, language, abstraction and orientation ( rs=-0.366, -0.289, -0.260, - 0.307, all P<0.05).The ARWMCRs score in left temporal region was negatively correlated with language, abstraction and orientation ( rs=- 0.248, -0.372, - 0.608, all P<0.05).The ARWMCRs score in right temporal region was negatively correlated with abstraction and orientation ( rs=- 0.525, -0.465, all P<0.01).The ARWMCRs score in right basal ganglia was negatively correlated with orientation and memory ( rs=- 0.455, - 0.275, all P<0.01), while The ARWMCRs score in left basal ganglia was not correlated with MoCA subitems. Conclusions:The frontal area and parietal occipital area are the most serious lesions in WML patients, and the lesions in these two areas also cause the widest range of cognitive impairment.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882404

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of liquiritin on the apoptosis of amygdala cell and the expression of apoptosis-related factors Bax and Bcl-2 protein in rats with post-stroke depression (PSD).Methods:Sixty rats were randomly divided into normal control group, stroke group, PSD group, citalopram group, liquiritin group, and normal saline control group ( n=10 in each group). The middle cerebral artery was occluded with a suture method to induce focal cerebral ischemia, and the PSD model was established by chronic and unpredictable mild stress stimulation and orphanism. At the same time every week after the model was made, the weight of rats in each group was measured and the depression behavior was evaluated, including sucrose water test and open field test. At 6 weeks after the model was made, TUNEL staining was used to detect the apoptosis of amygdala cell, immunofluorescence staining was used to detect the expression of Bax and Bcl-2 in the amygdala, and Western blot analysis was used to detect the protein expression of Bax and Bcl-2 in the amygdala. Results:Compared with the liquiritin group, citalopram group and normal control group, the body weight and sucrose solution preference of rats in the stroke group, PSD group and normal saline control group were decreased, and the horizontal and vertical movements in open field test were decreased; the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.01). TUNEL staining results showed that compared with the liquiritin group, citalopram group and normal control group, the number of apoptotic cells was significantly increased in the stroke group, PSD group, and normal saline control group; the difference was statistically significant (all P<0.01). The results of immunofluorescence staining showed that compared with the liquiritin group, citalopram group and normal control group, the number of bcl-2 immunoreactive cells in amygdala of the stroke group, PSD group and normal saline control group was significantly decreased, while the number of Bax immunoreactive cells was significantly increased; the difference was statistically significant (all P<0.01). Western blot analysis showed that compared with the liquiritin group and citalopram group, the expression of bcl 2 protein in amygdala of the stroke group, PSD group and normal saline control group was significantly decreased, while the expression of Bax protein was significantly increased; the difference was statistically significant (all P<0.01). Conclusion:Liquiritin can alleviate the symptoms of PSD, and its mechanism may be related to inhibiting the apoptosis of amygdala cells and regulating the expression of apoptosis-related factors.

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