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1.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 415-423, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984738

ABSTRACT

Objective: To development the prognostic nomogram for malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). Methods: Two hundred and ten patients pathologically confirmed as MPM were enrolled in this retrospective study from 2007 to 2020 in the People's Hospital of Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture, the First and Third Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, and divided into training (n=112) and test (n=98) sets according to the admission time. The observation factors included demography, symptoms, history, clinical score and stage, blood cell and biochemistry, tumor markers, pathology and treatment. The Cox proportional risk model was used to analyze the prognostic factors of 112 patients in the training set. According to the results of multivariate Cox regression analysis, the prognostic prediction nomogram was established. C-Index and calibration curve were used to evaluate the model's discrimination and consistency in raining and test sets, respectively. Patients were stratified according to the median risk score of nomogram in the training set. Log rank test was performed to compare the survival differences between the high and low risk groups in the two sets. Results: The median overall survival (OS) of 210 MPM patients was 384 days (IQR=472 days), and the 6-month, 1-year, 2-year, and 3-year survival rates were 75.7%, 52.6%, 19.7%, and 13.0%, respectively. Cox multivariate regression analysis showed that residence (HR=2.127, 95% CI: 1.154-3.920), serum albumin (HR=1.583, 95% CI: 1.017-2.464), clinical stage (stage Ⅳ: HR=3.073, 95% CI: 1.366-6.910) and the chemotherapy (HR=0.476, 95% CI: 0.292-0.777) were independent prognostic factors for MPM patients. The C-index of the nomogram established based on the results of Cox multivariate regression analysis in the training and test sets were 0.662 and 0.613, respectively. Calibration curves for both the training and test sets showed moderate consistency between the predicted and actual survival probabilities of MPM patients at 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years. The low-risk group had better outcomes than the high-risk group in both training (P=0.001) and test (P=0.003) sets. Conclusion: The survival prediction nomogram established based on routine clinical indicators of MPM patients provides a reliable tool for prognostic prediction and risk stratification.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mesothelioma, Malignant , Prognosis , Nomograms , Retrospective Studies , Proportional Hazards Models
2.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 337-344, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994982

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the impact of sarcopenia on mortality in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients.Methods:It was a retrospective cohort study. MHD patients admitted to the blood purification center of Guangzhou Red Cross Hospital in March 2021 were recruited. Demographic data and laboratory indicators, grip strength, and bioelectrical impedance analysis indexes were collected. The patients were divided into sarcopenia group and non-sarcopenia group based on whether they had sarcopenia or not. By following up for 18 months, the survival status of the patients was documented. Kaplan-Meier method, multivariate Cox regression model, and Fine-Gray competing risk model were used to assess the relationship between sarcopenia and all-cause mortality, cardio-cerebrovascular disease mortality, and infection-related disease mortality.Results:A total of 143 MHD patients were enrolled in this study, with age of 65 (58,74) years old and 89 males (62.24%). The prevalence of sarcopenia was 25.17% (36/143). The sarcopenia group had older age ( Z=3.486, P<0.001), higher single-pool Kt/V ( Z=3.634, P<0.001), interleukin-6 ( Z=3.434, P<0.001) and extracellular water/intracellular water ratio ( Z=2.477, P=0.013), and lower body mass index ( Z=-3.210, P=0.001), serum phosphorus ( t=2.475, P=0.015), serum creatinine ( t=3.319, P=0.001), serum albumin ( t=2.851, P=0.005), serum prealbumin ( t=3.384, P<0.001), extracellular water ( Z=-5.124, P<0.001), intracellular water ( Z=-5.417, P<0.001), grip strength ( Z=-3.796, P<0.001) and appendicular skeletal muscle mass index ( t=3.862, P<0.001) than those in the non-sarcopenia group. Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed that the overall survival rate in the sarcopenia group was lower than that in the non-sarcopenia group (Log-rank test χ2=15.99, P<0.001). Multivariable Cox regression analysis demonstrated that sarcopenia was independently correlated with all-cause mortality in MHD patients after adjusting for confounding factors ( HR=2.75, 95% CI 1.07-7.10, P=0.036). Fine-Gray competing risk model result showed that there was no statistically significant difference in cardio-cerebrovascular disease mortality between sarcopenia group and non-sarcopenia group ( SHR=4.99, 95% CI 0.94-26.85, P=0.069); the risk of infection-related disease mortality in sarcopenia group was 5.76 folds than that in non-sarcopenia group ( SHR=5.76, 95% CI 1.15-28.96, P=0.034). Conclusions:There is prevalent sarcopenia in MHD patients. Moreover, sarcopenia is an independent risk factor of all-cause mortality and infection-related disease mortality in MHD patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992864

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility of deep learning radiomics model in the prediction of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) response in breast cancer based on ultrasound images at an early stage.Methods:Between January 2018 and June 2021, 218 patients with breast cancer who underwent NAC were enrolled in the retrospective study. All patients received a full cycle of NAC before surgery and underwent standard ultrasound examination before NAC and after the second cycles of NAC. Of all the patients, 166 patients came from institution 1 (the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University) were allocated into a primary cohort.Based on the architecture of Resnet 50 convolutional neural, a deep learning prediction model was built.Further validation was performed in an external testing cohort ( n=52) from institution 2 (General Hospital of Eastern Theater Command, PLA). The clinical model was constructed using independent clinical variables. To evaluate the predictive performance, areas under the curve (AUCs) of these models and two radiologists were compared by using the DeLong method. Results:The Resnet 50 model predicted the response of NAC with accuracy. The deep learning model, achieving an AUC of 0.923 (95% CI=0.884-0.962) in the primary cohort and an AUC of 0.896 (95% CI=0.807-0.980) in the test cohort, outperformed the clinical model and also performed better than two radiologists′ prediction (all P<0.05). Furthermore, the two radiologists achieved a better predictive efficacy (AUC 0.832 and 0.808 for radiologists 1 and 2, respectively) when assisted by the DL model (all P<0.01). Conclusions:The deep learning radiomics model is able to predict therapy response in the early-stage of NAC for breast cancer patients, which could guide clinicians and provide benefit for timely treatment strategy adjustment.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991403

ABSTRACT

This article intends to explore the application and implementation effect of network platform teaching in the standardized residency training of rheumatology and immunology. Through the implementation of online platform teaching (micro-class, online PBL teaching, and air class) for the training residents rotating in the rheumatology and immunology department, the questionnaire survey was carried out. The results showed that the satisfaction of the residents with the online platform teaching reached 96.88% (31/32), and more than 90.00% of the residents believed that their self-learning ability and clinical thinking ability have been improved, and their learning initiative and enthusiasm have also been improved, which deserves further promotion.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990452

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of disposable disinfection cap in preventing catheter-related blood stream infections (CRBSIs).Methods:Literature on the prevention of CRBSIs by disposable disinfection caps were retrieved from CNKI, Wanfang Database, VIP database, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase and Web of Science databases. The retrieval period was from the database construction to June 30, 2022. After literature screening, data extraction and quality evaluation were independently carried out by 2 researchers, RevMan5.4 software was used for analysis.Results:A total of 12 articles were included, including 9 832 patients. Meta-analysis results showed that compared with conventional manual disinfection, disposable disinfection cap could reduce the incidence of CRBSIs, and the difference was statistically significant ( RR = 0.58, 95% CI 0.43-0.79, P<0.01). Disposable disinfection cap could reduce the incidence of CRBSIs in adults, but there was no significant difference in the incidence of CRBSIs in children ( P>0.05). It could reduce the incidence of CRBSIs in patients with indwelling vascular catheters in ICU ( RR = 0.58, 95% CI 0.38-0.89, P<0.05), but there was no statistical difference in the incidence of CRBSIs in patients without indwelling vascular catheters in ICU ( P>0.05). In addition, the compliance of the use of disinfection caps by nursing staff was improved by 80% - 90% and the treatment cost was saved by about 282 - 464 dollars. Conclusions:Disposable disinfection caps can reduce the occurrence of CRBSIs, improve the disinfection compliance of nursing staff, and save the hospitalization cost of patients. It is suggested to be popularized in clinical practice.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990337

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the potential categories of post-operative supportive care demand trajectory for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), analyze the influencing factors, and propose targeted interventions.Methods:This was a prospective observational study. A convenient sampling method was used to select 177 NSCLC patients who received surgical treatment in Shanghai Lung Hospital Affiliated to Tongji University from January 2021 to February 2022. The Supportive Care Demand Scale for cancer patients was used to investigate the level of patients′supportive care demand 1 day before operation, 3 days after operation, 1 day before discharge, 1 week after discharge, 1 month after discharge, and 3 months after discharge, and the potential growth model was used to identify the trajectory category and multi category Logistic regression analysis was used to explore the influencing factors.Results:Three supportive care demand trajectories were fitted out in this study, which were the continuous high demand group (46.33%), the slowly decreasing demand group (30.51%), and the low decreasing demand group (23.16%). With the potential category group 3, low demand reduction group as the reference category, Logistic regression analysis showed that high psychological distress, low social support, high disease stage, high comorbidities were more likely to enter the continuous high demand group ( OR = 0.826 to 18.526, all P<0.05), and high education level (college education and above and high school) were more likely to enter the slowly decreasing demand group ( OR = 6.076, 4.199, both P<0.05). Conclusions:The demand track of NSCLC patients for supportive care after surgery has population heterogeneity. Clinical medical staff should provide personalized social support and emotional support for patients with high disease stage, more complications and low education level in the early postoperative period.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990163

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the current situation of expected sadness of family caregivers of first stroke patients and analyze its influencing factors, so as to provide reference for the formulation of psychological decompression intervention program for family caregivers of stroke patients.Methods:Convenience sampling method was used to conduct cross-sectional survey of 212 family caregivers of first stroke patients who were hospitalized in the First Affiliated Hospital of Shandong First Medical University from March 2020 to May 2021, using general information questionnaires and Anticipatory Grief Scale and Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale to investigate and anlalyzed its influencing factors.Results:The scare of anticipatory grief of the caregivers of first stroke patients was 87.93 ± 17.36. The results of multiple stepwise regression analysis showed that the age of family caregivers, psychological elasticity, the degree of relationship with patients, patients′ cognitive ability and self-care ability were the influencing factors of anticipatory grief of family caregivers of first stroke patients ( t values were -6.73 -11.77, P <0.05). Conclusions:The caregivers of first stroke patients have serious anticipatory grief. Staff should pay attention to the psychological conditions of the family caregivers and take effective measures to promote their physical and mental health.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989793

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of Pitt bacteremia score (PBS) on 28-day mortality of patients with extensively drug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (XDR-KP) bloodstream infection.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the clinical characteristics of patients with XDR-KP bloodstream infection admitted to the Emergency Intensive Care Unit of Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from January, 2018, to December, 2021. The patients were divided into the survival and non-survival groups according to the 28-day survival. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the risk factors of 28-day mortality of the patients. Receiver operating curve (ROC) curve was drawn to analyze the predictive value of PBS in 28-day mortality of patients with XDR-KP bloodstream infection. The correlations between PBS, and acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) and sequential organ failure (SOFA) assessment were performed using Pearson correlation coefficient. The optimal cut-off value of PBS score was used as the boundary point to group the differences between APACHE II and SOFA scores in different groups. Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the prognosis of patients with XDR-KP bloodstream infection.Results:A total of 118 patients (82 males and 36 females) with XDR-KP bloodstream infection, aged (65.98±15.16) years, were included in this study. The 28-day mortality was 61.02%. The PBS was significant higher in the non-survival group than in the survival group [(5.68±1.86) vs. (2.48±1.02), P=0.011]. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that PBS ( OR=4.940, 95% CI: 2.720-8.968, P=0.008), APACHE II score ( OR=1.630, 95% CI: 1.361-1.952, P=0.010) and SOFA score ( OR=1.879, 95% CI: 1.451-2.422, P=0.009) were independently risk factors of 28-day mortality of patients with XDR-KP bloodstream infection. The area under the ROC curve of the PBS predicting 28-day mortality was 0.970 (95% CI: 0.945-0.995, P<0.001), and the optimal cut-of value was 3.5. In addition, PBS was significantly associated with APACHE II score ( r=0.916, P<0.001) and SOFA score ( r=0.829, P<0.001). Moreover, Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the 28-day survival rate of patients with PBS <3.5 was significantly higher than that of patients with PBS >3.5 ( P=0.001). Conclusions:PBS is a significant, independent predictor of 28-day mortality in patients with XDR-KP bloodstream infection.

9.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 216-221, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986743

ABSTRACT

BackgroundSuicide is one of the serious public health problems worldwide. The relationship between suicide and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) may vary in different regions and different age. It is necessary to further investigate the relationship between NLR and suicidal ideation in Chinese children and adolescents with depression. ObjectiveTo explore the correlation between NLR and suicidal ideation in children and adolescents with depression, so as to provide clues for exploring the biomarkers of suicide. MethodsA retrospective analysis of 536 children and adolescents with depression who were hospitalized in the Third People's Hospital of Fuyang from January 2020 to December 2022 and met the diagnostic criteria of the International Classification of Diseases, tenth edition (ICD-10) was performed. Patients were divided into two groups according to whether they reported suicidal ideation. Demographic data, discharge diagnosis, Hamilton Depression Scale-17 item (HAMD-17) score and hematological test data (neutrophil counts, lymphocyte counts) on the second day were collected from medical records. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine the optimal cut-off point of NLR for predicting suicidal ideation in children and adolescents with depression, and binary Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors for suicidal ideation. ResultsAmong the 536 patients, 429 cases (80.04%) had no suicidal ideation, and 107 cases (19.96%) had suicidal ideation. Compared with patients without suicidal ideation, the HAMD-17 score [(25.28±8.86) vs. (21.21±8.46), F=19.400, P<0.01], neutrophil level [(3.85±1.68)×109/L vs. (3.15±1.14)×109/L, Z=4.073, P<0.01], and NLR level [(1.96±1.50) vs. (1.52±0.71), Z=3.532, P<0.01] in the suicidal ideation patients were significantly higher. The optimal critical NLR value determined by the ROC curve was 1.52 (59.80% sensitivity, 58.50% specificity), with an area under the curve of 0.610. Logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of suicidal ideation was 1.94 times higher in those with high NLR than in the low NLR after controlling for age, sex, age at onset, duration of illness, and HAMD-17 score (OR=1.940, 95% CI: 1.251~3.009, P=0.003). ConclusionNLR may be a risk factor and potential biomarker influencing suicidal ideation in the children and adolescents with first-episode depression. [Funded by Scientific Research Project of Fuyang Municipal Health Commission (number, FY2020xg14)]

10.
International Eye Science ; (12): 963-966, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973786

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the clinical efficacy of femtosecond laser-assisted phacoemulsification combined with goniosynechialysis in the treatment of acute angle-closure glaucoma complicated with cataract.METHODS: A total of 53 patients(60 eyes)with primary acute angle closure glaucoma complicated with cataract admitted to our hospital from April 2020 to February 2021 were selected. They were divided into two groups according to the surgical method, with 28 cases(30 eyes)who were treated with femtosecond laser-assisted phacoemulsification combined with goniosynechialysis in group A, and 25 cases(30 eyes)who were treated with traditional cataract phacoemulsification combined with goniosynechialysis in group B. The effective phacoemulsification time(EPT)and cumulative dissipated energy(CDE)during surgery in two groups were recorded. Patients were followed up to 3mo after surgery, and the intraocular pressure, anterior chamber depth(ACD), best corrected visual acuity, corneal endothelial cell loss rate(ECL)and surgical complications were observed in both groups.RESULTS: The postoperative intraocular pressure was significantly decreased and ACD was significantly increased(all P&#x003C;0.05), and there was no difference between the two groups(all P&#x003E;0.05). The postoperative best corrected visual acuity of the two groups was significantly better than that before surgery(P&#x003C;0.05), and group A was significantly better than group B at 1d after surgery(P&#x003C;0.05). The EPT, CDE, ECL and incidence of complications(7% vs. 27%)in group A were significantly lower than those in group B(all P&#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSION: Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract phacoemulsification combined with goniosynechialysis in the treatment of primary acute angle-closure glaucoma combined with cataract has a significant therapeutic effect, which can effectively improve surgical safety, reduce the rate of corneal endothelial cell loss, and have fewer complications.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973436

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo learn the epidemiological features of foodborne diseases, and to provide scientific basis for disease control. MethodsThe monitoring data of foodborne diseases in Minhang from 2016 to 2020 were analyzed. Stool or swab specimens were collected to detect salmonella, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Escherichia coli, Shigella, Campylobacter jejuni and norovirus. ResultsThe information of15 951 foodborne disease cases and 11 176 samples were collected, with the positive rate of 12.03%.The cases with diarrhea accounted for 99.90% of the total. The cases with fever accounted for 14.70% of the total. The cases with water stool accounted for 89.70% of the total. May to October were the epidemic periods of foodborne diseases in Minhang(79.78%). The detection rate was the highest in the 30‒39 age group and cadre staff occupation(13.53%,13.49%). The detection rates of foodborne bacteria and virus were 5.39% (Vibrio parahaemolyticus), 3.25% (salmonella),1.44% (norovirus), 1.06%(Escherichia coli), 0.56% (Campylobacter jejuni), 0.34% (mixed infection) and 0% (Shigella). During this 5-year period, the positive rate of Vibrio parahaemolyticus decreased significantly, while the positive rate of salmonella and Escherichia coli and Campylobacter jejuni increased significantly. The main suspected food were aquatic products (29.44%), meat (25.80%) and fruits (10.78%). The main processing methods of suspected food were family workshop (41.12%) and restaurants (37.55%). The total detection rate of the cases was the highest in the canteen, reaching 20.51%. ConclusionFoodborne disease cases have a seasonal peak. The positive detection of pathogens tends to be similar year by year. The main suspected food is aquatic products. The main resources of suspected food are family workshop, restaurants, and canteen. Targeted health education, supervision and management should be taken to prevent the occurrence of foodborne diseases and the outbreak of food poisoning

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971040

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the factors influencing the short-term (28 days) efficacy of initial adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) therapy for infantile epileptic spasms syndrome (IESS), as well as the factors influencing recurrence and prognosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data were collected from the children with IESS who received ACTH therapy for the first time in the Department of Pediatric Neurology, Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, from April 2008 to January 2018 and were followed up for ≥2 years. The multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the factors influencing the short-term efficacy of ACTH therapy, recurrence, and long-term prognosis.@*RESULTS@#ACTH therapy achieved a control rate of seizures of 55.5% (111/200) on day 28 of treatment. Of the 111 children, 75 (67.6%) had no recurrence of seizures within 12 months of follow-up. The possibility of seizure control on day 28 of ACTH therapy in the children without focal seizures was 2.463 times that in those with focal seizures (P<0.05). The possibility of seizure control on day 28 of ACTH therapy in the children without hypsarrhythmia on electroencephalography on day 14 of ACTH therapy was 2.415 times that in those with hypsarrhythmia (P<0.05). The possibility of recurrence within 12 months after treatment was increased by 11.8% for every 1-month increase in the course of the disease (P<0.05). The possibility of moderate or severe developmental retardation or death in the children without seizure control after 28 days of ACTH therapy was 8.314 times that in those with seizure control (P<0.05). The possibility of moderate or severe developmental retardation or death in the children with structural etiology was 14.448 times that in those with unknown etiology (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Presence or absence of focal seizures and whether hypsarrhythmia disappears after 14 days of treatment can be used as predictors for the short-term efficacy of ACTH therapy, while the course of disease before treatment can be used as the predictor for recurrence after seizure control by ACTH therapy. The prognosis of IESS children is associated with etiology, and early control of seizures after ACTH therapy can improve long-term prognosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Infant , Adrenocorticotropic Hormone/therapeutic use , Spasms, Infantile/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome , Seizures , Electroencephalography/adverse effects , Spasm/drug therapy
13.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 259-264, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971018

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to analyze the value of transrectal shear-wave elastography (SWE) in combination with multivariable tools for predicting adverse pathological features before radical prostatectomy (RP). Preoperative clinicopathological variables, multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mp-MRI) manifestations, and the maximum elastic value of the prostate (Emax) on SWE were retrospectively collected. The accuracy of SWE for predicting adverse pathological features was evaluated based on postoperative pathology, and parameters with statistical significance were selected. The diagnostic performance of various models, including preoperative clinicopathological variables (model 1), preoperative clinicopathological variables + mp-MRI (model 2), and preoperative clinicopathological variables + mp-MRI + SWE (model 3), was evaluated with area under the receiver operator characteristic curve (AUC) analysis. Emax was significantly higher in prostate cancer with extracapsular extension (ECE) or seminal vesicle invasion (SVI) with both P < 0.001. The optimal cutoff Emax values for ECE and SVI were 60.45 kPa and 81.55 kPa, respectively. Inclusion of mp-MRI and SWE improved discrimination by clinical models for ECE (model 2 vs model 1, P = 0.031; model 3 vs model 1, P = 0.002; model 3 vs model 2, P = 0.018) and SVI (model 2 vs model 1, P = 0.147; model 3 vs model 1, P = 0.037; model 3 vs model 2, P = 0.134). SWE is valuable for identifying patients at high risk of adverse pathology.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Prostate/pathology , Seminal Vesicles/diagnostic imaging , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Retrospective Studies , Extranodal Extension/pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Prostatectomy/methods , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970626

ABSTRACT

Ten alkaloids(1-10) were isolated from the ethyl acetate extract of the fruit of Lycium chinense var. potaninii by silica gel, ODS, and preparative high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC), and identified by NMR and MS as methyl(2S)-[2-formyl-5-(hydroxymethyl)-1H-pyrrol-1-yl]-3-(phenyl)propanoate(1), methyl(2R)-[2-formyl-5-(methoxymethyl)-1H-pyrrol-1-yl]-3-(phenyl)propanoate(2), 3-hydroxy-4-ethyl ketone pyridine(3), indolyl-3-carbaldehyde(4),(R)-4-isobutyl-3-oxo-3,4-dihydro-1H-pyrrolo[2,1-c][1,4]oxazine-6-carbaldehyde(5),(R)-4-isopropyl-3-oxo-3,4-dihydro-1H-pyrrolo[2,1-c][1,4]oxazine-6-car-baldehyde(6), methyl(2R)-[2-formyl-5-(methoxymethyl)-1H-pyrrol-1-yl]-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)propanoate(7), dimethyl(2R)-[2-formyl-5-(methoxymethyl)-1H-pyrrol-1-yl]butanedioate(8), 4-[formyl-5-(methoxymethyl)-1H-pyrrol-1-yl]butanoate(9), 4-[2-formyl-5-(methoxymethyl)-1H-pyrrol-1-yl]butanoic acid(10). All the compounds were isolated from the plant for the first time. Among them, compounds 1-3 were new compounds. Compounds 1-9 were evaluated for hypoglycemic activity in vitro with the palmitic acid-induced insulin resistance in HepG2 cells. At 10 μmol·L~(-1), compounds 4, 6, 7, and 9 can promote the glucose consumption of HepG2 cells with insulin resistance.


Subject(s)
Lycium/chemistry , Fruit/chemistry , Insulin Resistance , Propionates , Alkaloids/pharmacology
15.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 153-159, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970150

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the pathological features and the clinicopathological significance of TERT detection in those tumors that were difficult to diagnosis. Methods: A total of 93 cases of fibroepithelial tumors without definite diagnosis were collected from the Affiliated Hospital of Qigndao University between 2013 and 2021. The clinical details such as patients' age and tumor size were collected. All slides were re-reviewed and the pathologic parameters, including stromal cellularity, stromal cell atypia, stromal cell mitoses, and stromal overgrowth were re-interpreted. Sanger sequencing was used to detect TERT promoter status, and immunohistochemistry was performed to detect TERT protein expression. The relationship between TERT promoter mutation as well as protein expression levels and the clinicopathological parameters were also analyzed. Results: The patients' ages ranged from 30 to 71 years (mean of 46 years); the tumor size ranged from 1.2 to 8.0 cm (mean 3.8 cm). These tumors showed the following morphologic features: leafy structures in the background of fibroadenoma, or moderately to severely abundant stromal cells. The interpretations of tumor border status were ambiguous in some cases. The incidence of TERT promoter mutation was high in patients of age≥50 years, tumor size≥4 cm, and stromal overgrowth at ×4 or ×10 objective, and these clinicopathologic features were in favor of diagnosis of phyllodes tumors. TERT protein expression levels was not associated with the above clinicopathologic parameters and its promoter mutation status. Conclusions: The diagnostic difficulty for the breast fibroepithelial tumors is due to the difficulty in recognition of the leafy structures or in those cases with abundant stromal cells. A comprehensive evaluation combined with morphologic characteristics and molecular parameters such as TERT promoter may be helpful for the correct diagnosis and better evaluating recurrence risk.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Female , Neoplasms, Fibroepithelial/pathology , Phyllodes Tumor/genetics , Stromal Cells , Fibroadenoma/pathology , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Mutation , Telomerase/genetics
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969950

ABSTRACT

In order to specify the information expression of acupuncture effect and realize the knowledge reuse and sharing, in view of animal experiments and clinical trials, the relevant knowledge of acupuncture effect is allocated. Using seven-step method and Protégé5.5.0 tool, the ontology of acupuncture effect is constructed on the base of ISO/TS 16843-6: 2022. A total of 199 classes are constructed, including 7 categories (acupuncture point, acupuncture therapy, needling method, biological process, genes and gene products, disorder, and anatomic structure), 12 object properties, 1 108 instances and 5 123 axioms. A semantic network with the characteristics of acupuncture and moxibustion is established and the structured expression for the knowledge of acupuncture effects is obtained, which lays the foundation for the innovation and development in the field of acupuncture and moxibustion.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture/education , Moxibustion , Acupuncture Points , Knowledge
17.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 259-264, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969832

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics of abnormal liver function in patients with advanced esophageal squamous carcinoma treated with programmed death-1 (PD-1) antibody SHR-1210 alone or in combination with apatinib and chemotherapy. Methods: Clinical data of 73 patients with esophageal squamous carcinoma from 2 prospective clinical studies conducted at the Cancer Hospital Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from May 11, 2016, to November 19, 2019, were analyzed, and logistic regression analysis was used for the analysis of influencing factors. Results: Of the 73 patients, 35 had abnormal liver function. 13 of the 43 patients treated with PD-1 antibody monotherapy (PD-1 monotherapy group) had abnormal liver function, and the median time to first abnormal liver function was 55 days. Of the 30 patients treated with PD-1 antibody in combination with apatinib and chemotherapy (PD-1 combination group), 22 had abnormal liver function, and the median time to first abnormal liver function was 41 days. Of the 35 patients with abnormal liver function, 2 had clinical symptoms, including malaise and loss of appetite, and 1 had jaundice. 28 of the 35 patients with abnormal liver function returned to normal and 7 improved to grade 1, and none of the patients had serious life-threatening or fatal liver function abnormalities. Combination therapy was a risk factor for patients to develop abnormal liver function (P=0.007). Conclusions: Most of the liver function abnormalities that occur during treatment with PD-1 antibody SHR-1210 alone or in combination with apatinib and chemotherapy are mild, and liver function can return to normal or improve with symptomatic treatment. For patients who receive PD-1 antibody in combination with targeted therapy and chemotherapy and have a history of long-term previous smoking, alcohol consumption and hepatitis B virus infection, liver function should be monitored and actively managed in a timely manner.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/drug therapy , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Prospective Studies , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Liver Diseases/etiology
18.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 95-100, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969811

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of anlotinib plus irinotecan in the second-line treatment of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Methods: This prospective phase 1/2 study was conducted in 2 centers in China (Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Jiangsu Province Hospital). We enrolled patients with mCRC whose disease had progressed after first-line systemic therapy and had not previously treated with irinotecan to receive anlotinib plus irinotecan. In the phase 1 of the trial, patients received anlotinib (8 mg, 10 mg or 12 mg, po, 2 weeks on/1 week off) in combination with fixed-dose irinotecan (180 mg/m(2), iv, q2w) to define the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D). In the phase 2, patients were treated with the RP2D of anlotinib and irinotecan. The primary endpoints were MTD and objective response rate (ORR). Results: From May 2018 to January 2020, a total of 31 patients with mCRC were enrolled. Anlotinib was well tolerated in combination with irinotecan with no MTD identified in the phase 1, and the RP2D was 12 mg. Thirty patients were evaluable for efficacy analysis. Eight patients achieved partial response, and 21 had stable disease, 1 had progressive disease. The ORR was 25.8% and the disease control rate was 93.5%. With a median follow-up duration of 29.5 months, the median progression-free survival and overall survival were 6.9 months (95% CI: 3.7, 9.3) and 17.6 months (95% CI: 12.4, not evaluated), respectively. The most common grade 3 treatment-related adverse events (≥10%) were neutropenia (25.8%) and diarrhea (16.1%). There was no treatment-related death. Conclusion: The combination of anlotinib and irinotecan has promising anti-tumor activity in the second-line treatment of mCRC with a manageable safety profile.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Indoles/therapeutic use , Irinotecan/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies
19.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1069-1086, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982423

ABSTRACT

Cortical interneurons can be categorized into distinct populations based on multiple modalities, including molecular signatures and morpho-electrical (M/E) properties. Recently, many transcriptomic signatures based on single-cell RNA-seq have been identified in cortical interneurons. However, whether different interneuron populations defined by transcriptomic signature expressions correspond to distinct M/E subtypes is still unknown. Here, we applied the Patch-PCR approach to simultaneously obtain the M/E properties and messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of >600 interneurons in layer V of the mouse somatosensory cortex (S1). Subsequently, we identified 11 M/E subtypes, 9 neurochemical cell populations (NCs), and 20 transcriptomic cell populations (TCs) in this cortical lamina. Further analysis revealed that cells in many NCs and TCs comprised several M/E types and were difficult to clearly distinguish morpho-electrically. A similar analysis of layer V interneurons of mouse primary visual cortex (V1) and motor cortex (M1) gave results largely comparable to S1. Comparison between S1, V1, and M1 suggested that, compared to V1, S1 interneurons were morpho-electrically more similar to M1. Our study reveals the presence of substantial M/E variations in cortical interneuron populations defined by molecular expression.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Neocortex/physiology , Mice, Transgenic , Interneurons/physiology
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981588

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of propofol and sevoflurane on neurological recovery of traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients in the early postoperative stage.Methods We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of TBI patients who underwent craniotomy or decompressive craniectomy. Generalized additive mixed model (GAMM) was used to analyze effects of propofol and sevoflurane on Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) on postoperative days 1, 3, and 7. Multivariate regression analysis was used to analyze effects of the two anesthetics on Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) at discharge.Results A total of 340 TBI patients were enrolled in this study. There were 110 TBI patients who underwent craniotomy including 75 in the propofol group and 35 in the sevoflurane group, and 134 patients who underwent decompressive craniectomy including 63 in the propofol group and 71 in the sevoflurane group. It showed no significant difference in GCS at admission between the propofol and the sevoflurane groups among craniotomy patients (β = 0.75, 95%CI: -0.55 to 2.05, P = 0.260). However, elevation in GCS from baseline was 1.73 points (95%CI: -2.81 to -0.66, P = 0.002) less in the sevoflurane group than that in the propofol group on postoperative day 1, 2.03 points (95%CI: -3.14 to -0.91, P < 0.001) less on day 3, and 1.31 points (95%CI: -2.43 to -0.19, P = 0.022) less on day 7. The risk of unfavorable GOS (GOS 1, 2, and 3) at discharge was higher in the sevoflurane group (OR = 4.93, 95%CI: 1.05 to 23.03, P = 0.043). No significant difference was observed among two-group decompressive craniectomy patients in GCS and GOS.Conclusions Compared to propofol, sevoflurane was associated with worse neurological recovery during the hospital stay in TBI patients undergoing craniotomy. This difference was not detected in TBI patients undergoing decompressive craniectomy.

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