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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914876

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose Mutations in the FIG4 gene have been linked to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) type 11 in Caucasian populations. The purpose of this study was to identify FIG4 variants in a cohort of 15 familial ALS (FALS) indexes and 275 sporadic ALS (SALS) patients of Han Chinese origin. @*Methods@#All 23 exons of FIG4 were sequenced using targeted next-generation sequencing.An extensive literature review was performed to detect genotype-phenotype associations of FIG4 mutations. @*Results@#No FIG4 variants were identified in the FALS patients. One novel heterozygous missense variant (c.352G>T [p.D118Y]) and one novel heterozygous nonsense variant (c.2158G>T [p.E720X]) in FIG4 were identified in two SALS patients. The p.E720X variant is interpreted as likely pathogenic while the p.D118Y variant is a variant of uncertain significance. The patient carrying the p.E720X mutation developed lower-limb-onset slowly progressive ALS, and survived for 11.5 years. The patient harboring the FIG4 p.D118Y variant also presented with progressive ALS, with the score on the ALS Functional Rating Scale–Revised (ALSFRS-R) decreasing by 0.4 per month. The rate of decrease in the ALSFRS-R scores from symptom onset to diagnosis seemed to be lower in the patients carrying FIG4 variants than the no-FIG4-mutation ALS patients in this study. @*Conclusions@#Our findings suggest that ALS patients carrying FIG4 mutations are not common in the Chinese population and are more likely to exhibit slow progression.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914209

ABSTRACT

Background@#The association of serum retinol-binding protein (RBP) levels with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) remains controversial. Furthermore, few studies have investigated their relationship in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to explore the association between serum RBP levels and NAFLD in Chinese inpatients with T2DM. @*Methods@#This cross-sectional, real-world study included 2,263 Chinese T2DM inpatients. NAFLD was diagnosed by abdominal ultrasonography. The subjects were divided into four groups based on RBP quartiles, and clinical characteristics were compared among the four groups. The associations of both RBP levels and quartiles with the presence of NAFLD were also analyzed. @*Results@#After adjustment for sex, age, and diabetes duration, there was a significant increase in the prevalence of NAFLD from the lowest to the highest RBP quartiles (30.4%, 40.0%, 42.4%, and 44.7% for the first, second, third, and fourth quartiles, respectively, P<0.001 for trend). Fully adjusted multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that both increased RBP levels (odds ratio, 1.155; 95% confidence interval, 1.012 to 1.318; P=0.033) and quartiles (P=0.014 for trend) were independently associated with the presence of NAFLD in T2DM patients. @*Conclusion@#Increased serum RBP levels were independently associated with the presence of NAFLD in Chinese T2DM inpatients. Serum RBP levels may be used as one of the indicators to assess the risk of NAFLD in T2DM patients.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 364-374, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922921

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this research is to study the effect of small molecule compound piceatannol (PIC) on host inflammation in adenine induced chronic kidney disease (CKD) mice, and then to explore its mechanism based on the regulation of gut microbiota. All procedures were approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee of the Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine. The level of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) was detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); UPLC-TQ/MS technology was used to monitor the level of proinflammatory uremic toxin indoxyl sulfate (IS) and p-cresol sulfate (PCS); the expression of occludin was tested by Western blot; in vitro anaerobic culture of gut bacteria was used to produce indole; the abundance of gut microbiota was evaluated by 16S rDNA sequencing. The results showed that PIC had no effect on inflammatory infiltration in kidney tissue of CKD mice, but could decrease IL-6 level in blood and IL-6/TNF-α level in colon tissue. PIC did not improve intestinal occludin protein expression in CKD mice; while it could significantly reduce the levels of IS and PCS in blood and liver of CKD mice. Further mechanism studies showed that PIC could inhibit the synthesis of IS precursor indole in gut bacteria. Moreover, PIC could decrease the abundance of gut bacteria which producing uremic toxin, such as reducing the abundance of indole and p-cresol producing gut bacteria. In conclusion, PIC could regulate gut microbiota and inhibit the synthesis of uremic toxin precursor, thereafter reducing the accumulation of IS and PCS in vivo, ultimately relieving the inflammation of CKD mice.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 385-391, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922909

ABSTRACT

The potential application of dendritic cells (DC) sensitized with cytosine-phosphoric acid-guanine (CpG) oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) and tumor antigen as a vaccine against murine melanoma was investigated with freshly isolated mouse bone marrow-derived dendritic cells. For the DC vaccine preparation, DC were sensitized with the B16 tumor antigen and CpG ODN was used to promote further maturation of the DC. The immunogenic activity of the vaccine was evaluated in vitro by determining the proliferation of T lymphocytes and the killing effect of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) on B16 tumor cells. The DC vaccine was injected intraperitoneally and tumor inhibition in mice bearing B16 xenografts was examined. All mice were cared for under an approved SIMM Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) protocol. In vitro, this DC vaccine promoted the proliferation of T lymphocytes and showed a potent killing effect on the target B16 cells. In vivo experiments showed that after treatment or pre-immunization both the tumor volume and weight were significantly decreased. The DC vaccine with CpG ODN and tumor antigen exhibited an inhibitory effect against melanoma, providing a potential method for melanoma cancer treatment.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879669

ABSTRACT

Traumatic brain injury (TBI), a growing public health problem, is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide, although its prevention measures and clinical cares are substantially improved. Increasing evidence shows that TBI may increase the risk of mood disorders and neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the complex relationship between TBI and AD remains elusive. Metabolic dysfunction has been the common pathology in both TBI and AD. On the one hand, TBI perturbs the glucose metabolism of the brain, and causes energy crisis and subsequent hyperglycolysis. On the other hand, glucose deprivation promotes amyloidogenesis via β-site APP cleaving enzyme-1 dependent mechanism, and triggers tau pathology and synaptic function. Recent findings suggest that TBI might facilitate Alzheimer's pathogenesis by altering metabolism, which provides clues to metabolic link between TBI and AD. In this review, we will explore how TBI-induced metabolic changes contribute to the development of AD.

6.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 789-793, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912968

ABSTRACT

Some primary bone tumors are prone to hematogenous metastasis and after that, the therapeutic effect is not that good and prognosis is poor. Circulating tumor cells (CTC) shed from the tumor cells of primary or metastatic focus and then enter into blood circulation. CTC may appear in the early stage of the tumor, which can implant in distant organs to form metastatic sites and self-implant in the primary sites leading to the tumor recurrence; CTC are closely related with the prognosis of patients with tumors. In most primary bone tumors, CTC are heterogeneous compared with primary tumor cells. Studying CTC from various aspects can provide a basis for the early diagnosis and treatment of primary bone tumors. This review summarizes the current researches of CTC in common primary bone tumors, and expects the future of research direction and application practice in clinic.

7.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 709-713, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912953

ABSTRACT

Osteosarcoma needs to continuously induce angiogenesis to satisfy its own nutritional supply in the process of development. Therefore, the inhibition of osteosarcoma cell-induced angiogenesis as a target has become a research hot in recent years. Currently, vascular inhibitors targeting mRNA-encoded protein have been applied in clinic, but the efficacy is poor. Non-coding RNA (ncRNA) is a type of RNA molecules that do not participate in protein coding. ncRNA can regulate the angiogenesis of osteosarcoma by regulating the secretion of vascular factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor, angiogenin-2 and hypoxia-inducible factor 1 or the interaction between ncRNAs. This article reviews the role of ncRNA in the angiogenesis of osteosarcoma to provide references for clinical targeted therapy strategies for osteosarcoma.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912839

ABSTRACT

The construction of medical knowledge platform is a core value of the intelligent construction of electronic medical records. The hospital-wide knowledge base construction covers a wide range of content, including multiple healthcare scenarios such as medicine, testing, inspection, surgery, blood transfusion and nursing. This article introduced how Jiangsu Province People′s Hospital used knowledge graphs and rule engine to construct a hospital knowledge management platform, realize the integration of knowledge-based knowledge base and a non-knowledge-based knowledge base, and embed clinical diagnosis and treatment rules into the information system for different flexible application scenarios.Finally, a multi-dimensional knowledge base was formed to realize the unified knowledge information integration of various clinical expert knowledge, and to provide integrated display and decision support for all departments, as well as realizing real-time data verification, prompting and control in each link.

9.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1647-1654, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910759

ABSTRACT

Osteosarcoma, the most common primary bone tumor in children and adolescents, is characterized by high malignancy, rapid progression and high metastatic potential. However, no significant progress has been made in treating osteosarcoma recently. The prognosis of osteosarcoma is usually unsatisfied. One of the main reasons is that we cannot be able to identify the Achilles heel of osteosarcoma. A growing number of evidence suggests that different types of RNA play various roles in the development of osteosarcoma. The competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) is a newly emerging theory, which can propose messenger RNA (mRNA), long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), pseudogene and other different transcripts. Therefore, it can play a role in the regulation of microRNA (miRNA) through competition. In the latest researches, it is shown that the interaction of these transcripts play an important role in the occurrence and development of osteosarcoma by mediating biological processes such as proliferation, apoptosis, metastasis and chemotherapy resistance of osteosarcoma cells. In addition, these different types of transcripts may provide new biomarkers and potential therapeutic targets for osteosarcoma. The present studies review the development of ceRNA hypothesis, summarizes existing knowledge system of ceRNA, and develop a systematic review of the role of different types of ceRNA in the pathogenesis and biological function of osteosarcoma. This review could lay the foundation for the basic and clinical study of osteosarcoma and promote the early diagnosis and treatment effects of osteosarcoma.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910576

ABSTRACT

With the development of precision medicine and individualized treatment, tissue biopsy in cancer patients diagnosis and therapy has been broadly used. However, because it’s hard to collect enough samples for biliary tract tumors, liquid biopsy was broadly applied for the diagnosis. In liquid biopsy, circulating tumor cells, circulating tumor DNA, and tumor-derived exosomes carrying tumor-specific information are released from tumor tissue into blood, bile, and other body fluids, which makes tumor biopsy samples easily to be obtained in a non-invasive way. At the same time, through a series of morphological and molecular measurements as well as genetic characterization, liquid biopsy can be used to look for the new early diagnostic markers, and therapeutic targets, monitoring progression and prognosis of diseases. This article outlined the current technology used to detect circulating tumor cells, circulating tumor DNA, and tumor-derived exosomes, and summarizes the latest advances in the clinical application of liquid biopsy in biliary tract cancers.

11.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 727-732, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910218

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the diagnostic efficacy of Chinese diagnostic model, the 1990 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) classification criteria and the 2018 ACR new classification criteria (draft) for Takayasu arteritis (TA).Methods:A total of 196 TA patients who came to our hospital from January 1, 2009 to May 31, 2019 in the TA database of the department of rheumatology and immunology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University and 131 patients with other vascular diseases visited during the same period were selected. General characteristics, clinical data, laboratory tests and imaging tests of all patients were collected. Categorical variables were presented as numbers and percentages, between-group differences were analyzed using the χ2 test. Continuous variables were presented as the Mean± SD for a normal distribution or median and interquartile range (IQR) for a non-normal distribution. Between-group differences were analyzed using the Student's t-test or Mann- Whitney test, as appropriate. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, accuracy and receiver operating characteristics of the above diagnostic/classification criteria area under the curve were analyzed. P<0.05 was considered significant. Results:In terms of sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and area under receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC), Chinese diagnostic models was 85.7%, 96.2%, 89.9%, 97.1%, 81.5%, 0.909, 1990 ACR criteria was 47.4%, 97.7%, 67.6%, 96.9%, 55.4%, 0.726, 2018 ACR classification criteria was 79.1%, 98.5%, 86.5%, 98.7%, 75.9%, 0.888. The difference between the Chinese diagnostic model and the 2018 ACR criteria in AUC was not statistically significant ( Z=1.186 , P>0.05). The sensitivity, accuracy and diagnostic efficiency of Chinese diagnostic model was the best, that of the 1990 ACR classification criteria was the worst, and the specificity of the 2018 ACR classification criteria was the highest. The Kappa value of the 2018 ACR classification criteria and the Chinese diagnostic model was 0.719, which had good consistency, and the Kappa value of the consistency between the 1990 ACR classification criteria and the Chinese TA diagnostic model was 0.516. Conclusion:The Chinese diagnostic model, which is based on the clinical characteristics of the Chinese TA population, has a good diagnostic efficacy for the Chinese population. The 2018 ACR classification criteria (draft) is highly consistent with the Chinese TA diagnostic model, and can be promoted and applied in practice.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910129

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of mitral annulus displacement(TMAD) measured by two-dimensional speckle tracking imaging in evaluating left ventricular(LV) systolic function before and after immunoglobulin(IVIG) treatment in children with Kawasaki disease(KD).Methods:Thirty-five hospitalized children with acute KD(KD group) and 40 healthy volunteers(control group)were enrolled from September 2020 to March 2021 in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. All participants underwent echocardiography.Left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF) and left ventricular short axis shortening(LVFS) were calculated from M-mode echocardiography. All children had their apical four-chamber and two-chamber view recorded and stored in real time, and the images of the KD group were recorded in the acute, subacute and convalescent stages, respectively. The data was analyzed by QLab 13.0 offline quantitative analysis software. The TMAD parameters between the KD group and the control group were compared. And the TMAD parameters at different periods in the KD group were compared. Pearson correlation analysis was conducted to evaluate associations between TMAD parameters and LVEF and N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide(NT-proBNP) in children with acute KD.Results:①The parameters of TMAD AP4 MV1, TMAD AP4 MV2, TMAD AP2 MV1, TMAD AP2 MV2, TMAD AP4 Midpt, TMAD AP4 Midpt%, TMAD AP2 Midpt and TMAD AP2 Midpt% were decreased in patients with KD at different periods than those of the control group(all P<0.05), while there was no significant difference in LVEF between the two groups( P>0.05). ②After IVIG treatment, the values of TMAD AP4 MV1, TMAD AP4 MV2, TMAD AP2 MV1, TMAD AP2 MV2, TMAD AP4 Midpt, TMAD AP4 Midpt%, TMAD AP2 Midpt and TMAD AP2 Midpt% in subacute stage of KD were higher than those in acute stage(all P<0.05), the values of TMAD AP4 Midpt% and TMAD AP2 Midpt% in the convalescent stage of KD were higher than those in the subacute stage(all P<0.05). ③The parameters of TMAD were positively correlated with LVEF( r=0.36, 0.40, 0.32, 0.28, 0.42, 0.46, 0.35, 0.37; all P<0.05) and negatively correlated with NT-proBNP( r=-0.61, -0.57, -0.40, -0.60, -0.63, -0.47, -0.61, -0.36; all P<0.05). Conclusions:TMAD measured by two-dimensional speckle tracking imaging can quickly and accurately evaluate left ventricular systolic function in children with KD before and after IVIG treatment, and TMAD combined with NT-proBNP can provide a new method for clinical management of KD.

13.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 582-586, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909363

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation of monocyte/lymphocyte ratio (MLR) with the prognosis and adverse event in critically ill patients.Methods:Basic information of patients were extracted from Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care-Ⅲ (MIMIC-Ⅲ), including demographics, blood routine, biochemical indexes, systemic inflammatory response syndrome score (SIRS), sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, and outcome, etc. MLR on the first day of intensive care unit (ICU) admission was calculated. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve) was applied to evaluate the prognostic value of MLR on the 30-day mortality and its cut-off value. According to the cut-off value, the patients were divided into two groups, and the differences between the groups were compared. Logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationship of MLR with 30-day mortality, continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT), mechanical ventilation, the length of ICU stay, and total hospitalization time.Results:① A total of 43 174 critically ill patients were included. ROC curve showed that area under ROC curve (AUC) of MLR in predicting 30-day mortality was 0.655 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 0.632-0.687]. The cut-off value of MLR calculated according to the maximum Yoden index was 0.5. There were 16 948 patients with MLR ≥ 0.5 (high MLR group) and 26 226 patients with MLR < 0.5 (low MLR group). ② Compared with the low MLR group, the high MLR group had higher age, proportion of male, body mass index (BMI) [age (years old): 66.0 (51.7, 78.4) vs. 57.6 (27.1, 74.6), proportion of male: 57.2% vs. 52.5%, BMI (kg/m 2): 26.5 (22.5, 31.1) vs. 24.7 (14.3, 29.7)]. The high MLR group also had higher incidence of complications (hypertension: 49.2% vs. 44.6%, chronic heart failure: 32.6% vs. 21.7%, diabetes mellitus: 27.0% vs. 23.4%, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: 21.5% vs. 16.1%, renal insufficiency: 19.3% vs. 13.1%), and higher white blood cell count (WBC), blood glucose, lactate (Lac), serum creatinine (SCr), SIRS score and SOFA score [WBC (×10 9/L): 13.8 (9.6, 19.2) vs. 11.5 (8.4, 15.6), blood glucose (mmol/L): 8.66 (6.88, 11.49) vs. 8.27 (6.55, 10.88), Lac (mmol/L): 2.2 (1.5, 3.7) vs. 2.1 (1.4, 3.3), SCr (μmol/L): 106.1 (70.7, 176.8) vs. 88.4 (70.7, 132.6), SIRS score: 3 (2, 4) vs. 2 (2, 3), SOFA score: 4 (2, 7) vs. 3 (1, 5)]. The 30-day mortality, and the proportion of patients with length of ICU stay > 5 days, total hospitalization time > 14 days, CRRT and mechanical ventilation > 5 days were significantly higher in high MLR group (30-day mortality: 20.0% vs. 8.3%, length of ICU stay > 5 days: 33.2% vs. 20.4%, total hospitalization time > 14 days: 33.7% vs. 16.2%, CRRT: 3.6% vs. 0.7%, mechanical ventilation > 5 days: 18.4% vs. 5.7%), with statistically significant differences (all P < 0.05). ③ After adjusted with the related factors, multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that elevated MLR was an independent risk factor for increased 30-day mortality [odd ratio ( OR) = 1.54, 95% CI was 1.37-1.72, P < 0.001]. Moreover, the increased MLR was independently associated with the increased risk of usage of CRRT ( OR = 2.77, 95% CI was 2.18-3.51), mechanical ventilation > 5 days ( OR = 2.45, 95% CI was 2.21-2.72), the length of ICU stay > 5 days ( OR = 2.29, 95% CI was 2.10-2.49), and total hospitalization time > 14 days ( OR = 2.28, 95% CI was 2.08-2.49), all P < 0.001. Conclusions:Retrospective analysis of large sample shows that MLR elevation is an independent risk factor for 30-day mortality, usage of CRRT, prolonged mechanical ventilation time, prolonged hospitalization, prolonged length of ICU stay. MLR can be used for risk stratification of severe patients.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908795

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the distribution and drug resistance of pathogens causing blood stream infection in patients with pancreatic neoplasms.Methods:Clinical data of patients with pancreatic neoplasms complicated with bloodstream infection with confirmed pathological evidence admitted in the First Affiliated Hospital of Naval Medical University from January 2016 to June 2019 were collected. Bacteria were isolated from blood culture, and microbial sensitivity tests were analyzed by minimum inhibitory concentration and Kirby-Bauer methods. The distribution and drug resistance of pathogens causing blood stream infection in patients with pancreatic neoplasms were analyzed.Results:There were 116 cases (8.5%) with bloodstream infection in 1 372 patients with pancreatic neoplasms. A total of 156 bacterial strains were isolated from blood culture, of which 127 strains (81.4%) were gram negative aerobic bacteria, mainly including Escherichia coli (42 strains), Klebsiella pneumoniae (34 strains), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (12 strains), and 25 strains (16.0%) were gram positive aerobic bacteria, mainly including Enterococcus faecium (11 strains), Enterococcus faecalis (3 strains), Streptococcus angina (3 strains). 4 strains (2.6%) were anaerobic bacteria. The results of antibiotic susceptibility showed that the resistance rate of Escherichia coli to ampicillin was 90.5%, and to cefoperazone-sulbactam was 2.4%. The resistance rate of Klebsiella pneumoniae to piperacillin was 20.6%, and to cefoperazone-sulbactam was 5.9%. The resistance rate of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to imipenem was 41.7%, and no resistant strain was found to cefoperazone-sulbactam. The resistance rate of Enterococcus and Streptococcus pharyngitis to erythromycin were 85.7% and 33.3%, and no strains were resistant to vancomycin.Conclusions:The rate of blood stream infection in patients with pancreatic neoplasms was relatively high. In clinical practice, the distribution of pathogenic bacteria should be understood, the drug resistance should be monitored and antibiotics should be reasonably used, in order to maximally prevent and interfere with the occurrence of blood stream infection.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908293

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the nursing characteristics of patients with atrial fibrillation in "zero ray" transcatheter radiofrequency ablation, and to analyze the postoperative surgical indexes, nursing indexes and anxiety level.Methods:A total of 127 patients who underwent radiofrequency ablation of atrial fibrillation in Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University from October 2018 to September 2020 were divided into the control group ( n=64) and the observation group ( n=63) by random number table method. Patients in the control group received conventional radiofrequency ablation for atrial fibrillation and received conventional nursing care. The observation group made full use of the advantages of the three-dimensional mapping system, using "zero-ray" green electrophysiological technology to complete the intervention of the control group, and parallel personalized nursing intervention measures. The operative indexes, nursing indexes, anxiety and pain levels of 2 groups were compared. Results:The ablation time, total operation time in the control group were (1 917.38±157.74) s, (110.32 ± 35.83) min, respectively, and those in the observation group were (1 915.87±87.19) s, (109.45 ± 28.92) min, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( t value was 1.201, 0.150, P>0.05). The nursing satisfaction score, the time spent with nurses, and the awareness rate of education in the control group were (90.00±3.00) points, (30.36±7.58) min, 68.75%(44/64), respectively, and those in the observation group were (95.00±5.00) points, (40.27±10.68) min, 85.71%(54/63), the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( t value was -6.845, -6.037, χ2 value was 5.185, all P<0.05). The anxiety score and pain score in the control group were 10.42±2.54 and 7.34±1.55, respectively, and those in the observation group were 6.34±1.21 and 4.64±0.92, respectively. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( t value was 11.526, 11.913, both P<0.01). Conclusions:Green electrophysiology transcatheter radiofrequency ablation is a safe, effective and feasible method, and the nursing satisfaction is improved.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908060

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the diagnostic and predictive value of ultrasonic cardiac output monitor (USCOM) in premature infants with hemodynamic significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA).Methods:A total of 165 preterm infants with gestational age less than 34 weeks and within 72 hours after birth in the Neonatal Medical Center of Children′s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2018 to June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.According to the echocardiograph (ECHO) results within 72 hours after birth, clinical manifestations and oral administration of Ibuprofen, premature infants were divided into non-patent ductus arteriosus (non-PDA group, 77 cases), non-hsPDA group (59 cases), and hsPDA group (29 cases). USCOM was performed within half of an hour after ECHO.During the course of oral medication of Ibuprofen in the hsPDA group, USCOM was repeatedly examined every 24 hours.ECHO and USCOM were re-examined within 24 hours after the course of oral medication of ibuprofen.Results:Compared with non-hsPDA group and non-PDA group, the gestational age [(31.51±1.62) weeks, (32.09±1.27) weeks vs.(30.82±1.61) weeks, F=8.425, P<0.001], birth weight [(1 154.49±192.55) g, (1 195.58±182.02) g vs.(1 094.66±153.69) g, F=3.366, P=0.037] and the mean blood pressure [(38.37±2.20) mmHg, (38.53±2.37) mmHg vs.(30.52±2.31) mmHg, 1 mmHg=0.133 kPa, F=142.860, P<0.001]were significantly lower in hsPDA group.On the contrary, the heart rate[(129.68±7.11) times/min, (130.34±7.27) times/min vs.(164.76±7.65) times/min, F=271.790, P<0.001], B-type natriuretic peptide[(203.76±108.68) ng/L, (152.43±54.24) ng/L vs.(3 385.31±856.26) ng/L, F=931.30, P<0.001] and left artrium/aorta (1.32±0.12, 1.29±0.09 vs.1.60±0.12, F=84.970, P<0.001)were significantly higher.Among the USCOM parameters, left ventricular cardiac output [(0.40±0.08) L/min, (0.40±0.08) L/min vs.(0.51±0.04) L/min, F=26.760, P<0.001], cardiac index (CI) [(3.76±0.48) L/(min·m 2), (3.54±0.30) L/(min·m 2) vs.(4.43±0.36) L/(min·m 2), F=56.060, P<0.001], stroke volume[(3.75±0.28) mL, (3.70±0.23) mL vs.(4.22±0.36)mL, F=40.170, P<0.001], stroke volume index [(34.42±2.66) mL/m 2, (34.47±3.29) mL/m 2vs.(38.45±3.32) mL/m 2, F=20.080, P<0.001], peak ejection velocity [(1.12±0.12) m/s, (1.11±0.10) m/s vs.(1.23±0.09) m/s, F=14.890, P<0.001] and corrected flow time [(379.02±22.69) ms, (376.51±27.95) ms vs.(403.69±39.04) ms, F=10.120, P<0.001]were significantly higher in hsPDA group, while systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI) [(1 109.49±115.67) ds·cm -5·m 2, (1 070.01±133.55) ds·cm -5·m 2vs.(861.31±115.22) ds cm -5m 2, F=41.130, P<0.001]was significantly lower than that of non-hsPDA and non-PDA group.The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of CI and SVRI for predicting hsPDA were 0.916 and 0.905, respectively.The sensitivity and specificity of CI>4.05 L/(min·m 2) for predicting hsPDA was 0.828 and 0.860, respectively, which was 0.660 and 1.000 for SVRI<1 002.5 ds·cm -5·m 2.The sensitivity and specificity of combining CI and SVRI for predicting hsPDA was 0.966 and 0.949, respectively. Conclusions:USCOM has a good diagnostic and predictive value for hsPDA in premature infants.The combined application of CI and SVRI can improve the predictive value, and help formulate the early diagnostic and treatment strategy for PDA in premature infants

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888498

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effects of salt-inducible kinase 2 (SIK2) on energy metabolism in rats with cerebral ischemia-reperfusion. Adult SD male rats were divided into 5 groups: sham group, ischemia group, reperfusion group, adenovirus no-load group, and SIK2 overexpression group with 5 animals in each group. The middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was induced with the modified Zea-Longa line thrombus method to establish the cerebral ischemia reperfusion model. Eight days before the MCAO, SIK2 overexpression was induced by injecting 7 μL adenovirus in the right ventricle, then MCAO was performed for followed by reperfusion HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes of cerebral tissue in rats; TTC staining was used to observe the volume of cerebral infarct. The levels of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) in rat brain tissue were detected by ELISA; the levels of SIK2 and hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) in the rat brain tissues were detected by RT-qPCR and Western blotting. Compared with the sham group, SIK2 level was decreased in the ischemia group, and it was further declined in the reperfusion group (<0.05). Compared with the sham group and ischemic group, the pathological injury in reperfusion group were more severe, and the infarct size was larger; compared with the reperfusion group and adenovirus no-load group, the pathological injury of the SIK2 overexpression group was milder, and the infarct size is less. Compared with the sharn group, HIF-1α was increased in both ischemia group and reperfusion group, especially in ischemia group (all <0.05); HIF-1α level in the SIK2 overexpression group was higher than that in the reperfusion group and adenovirus no-load group (all <0.05). ATP level in ischemia group and reperfusion group was lower than that in the sham group, and the reperfusion group decreased more significantly than the ischemia group (<0.05); ADP content was increased in the ischemia and reperfusion group, and the ADP content in reperfusion group was significantly higher than that in the ischemia group (<0.05). ATP level in the SIK2 overexpression group was higher than that in the reperfusion group and adenovirus no-load group (all <0.05), and ADP was decreased in the SIK2 overexpression group (all <0.05). SIK2 can up-regulate the ATP level and down-regulate the ADP level in rat brain tissue and alleviate cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury by increase the level of HIF-1α.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain Ischemia , Energy Metabolism , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/genetics , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery , Male , Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion , Reperfusion Injury
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885545

ABSTRACT

We report the management and maternal and neonatal outcomes of four cases of delayed interval delivery after cervical cerclage in twin pregnancies, who hospitalized in Shanghai First Maternity and Infant Hospital from year 2017 to 2018. Four patients with dichorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies all presented with gradually weakened uterine contractions after spontaneous vaginal delivery of twin 1. After informed consent, the patients received cervical cerclage at 2 to 3 days after delivery when the maternal and fetal conditions were stable, to delay delivery of twin 2. The gestational weeks at delivery of twin 1 were 25 +4, 23 +1, 27 +1, and 23 weeks, which were noted for 30 +1, 32 +6, 31 +4, and 24 weeks for twin 2, respectively. Delayed delivery intervals were 32, 69, 31 and 7 d. Three of the four twin 2 survived, with Apgar score ≥ 8 at 1 minute and birth weight of 1 390, 2 290 and 1 620 g. During a 2-year follow-up, no developmental abnormalities were observed in the children, and no serious maternal complications were found, including severe infection, bleeding or cervical laceration.

19.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 186-194, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884695

ABSTRACT

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common degenerative disease. Its most significant pathological change is destruction of articular cartilage and the main clinical symptoms are pain and dysfunction of joints. Recent studies have shown that the expression of non-coding RNA (ncRNA) in chondrocytes can abnormally up-regulate or down-regulate and alter the activities of chondrocytes like their proliferation, migration and apoptosis, thus leading to the occurrence and development of osteoarthritis. Exosomes are extracellular vesicles with a diameter of 40-100 nm, which are secreted in intercellular fluid, act as medium of intercellular communication. They protect ncRNA, protein, lipid and other bioactive materials from enzymatic degradation by encapsulating them and transferring to sibling chondrocytes, due to their good tissue permeability. They can also improve communication between cells and regulate the activities of chondrocytes. Thus, exosomes behave like gene carriers. The ncRNA carried by exosomes can supplement or adsorb the abnormal ncRNA in chondrocytes, so as to regulate the activity of chondrocytes, and is therefore considered as a possible candidate with capabilities to repair cartilages. In this study we reviewed existing literatures related to the roles and effects of exosome miRNA, lncRNA and circRNA on osteoarthritis. We also reviewed the pathogenesis of exosome ncRNA in osteoarthritis.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884475

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the differences in dosimetric parameters of target areas between 125I seed implantation with degradable catheters and by hand under the assistance of a real-time intraoperative treatment planning system (TPS). Methods:Forty-two simulated lesions were divided into a degradable catheter group and a free-hand group, with twenty-one lesions in each group. 125I seeds were implanted according to the TPS.The pre-plan and post-implant dosimetric parameters were collected, including the minimum dose ( Dmin), maximum dose ( Dmax), mean dose ( Dmean), conformal index (CI), external index (EI), homogeneity index (HI), minimum prescription dose delivered to 90% of the target volume ( D90), and the mean percentage of volume receiving 90% of the prescription doses ( V90). The Bland-Altman method was employed to analyze the consistency of pre-plan and post-implant dosimetric parameters and the Wilcoxon rank-sum test was used for the comparison of the two groups. Results:According to the Bland-Altman analysis, the dosimetric parameters of the two groups were all in agreement before and after seed implantation except for the Dmin and V90 of the free-hand group.Furthermore, the degradable catheter group had smaller error ranges of Dmax ( Z=-3.824, P<0.005), CI ( Z=-1.962, P<0.005), HI ( Z=-2.352, P<0.005), D90 ( Z=-2.453, P<0.005), and V90 ( Z=-3.159, P<0.005). Conclusions:The dosimetric parameters of 125I seed implantation with degradable catheters under the assistance of real-time TPS have good pre-plan and post-implant consistency and smaller error ranges.

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