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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776255

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of grain-moxibustion combined with medicine therapy for asthenospermia and oligospermia.@*METHODS@#A tatal of 60 patients were randomized into an observation group (30 cases) and a control group (30 cases) according to 1︰1 ratio. In the control group, vitamin E capsules were taken orally one capsule each time, twice a day, and pills 6 g each time, three times a day for a total of 3 months. In the observation group, grain-moxibustion was applied at Guanyuan (CV 4),Shenshu (BL 23) and Zusanli (ST 36) based on the control group, once a week for 3 months, with a total of 12 times. The sperm concentration and sperm progressive motility were measured by automatic sperm quality analysis system in the two groups, and the clinical effects were compared. Sperm DNA fragmentation index (DFI) in the observation group was measured by sperm nucleus chromosome structure assay (SCSA).@*RESULTS@#①The sperm concentrations and sperm progressive motilities after 1-month, 2-month and 3-month of treatment were increased compared with those before treatment in the two groups (<0.01), and they were increased with time. In the two groups, 2-month and 1-month of treatment, 3-month and 2-month of treatment were compared, the sperm concentrations and sperm progressive motilities were significantly increased (<0.01). The sperm concentrations after 1-month, 2-month and 3-month of treatment in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (<0.01), the sperm progressive motility after 3-month of treatment in the observation group was higher than that in the control group (<0.05). ②After 3-month of treatment,the DFI in the observation group was significantly reduced compared with that before treatment (<0.01). ③The total effective rate in the observation group after 3-month of treatment was 86.7% (26/30), which was superior to 63.3% (19/30) in the control group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Grain-moxibustion combined with medicine therapy can improve sperm concentration and sperm progressive motility, enhance the integrity of sperm DNA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Moxibustion , Oligospermia , Therapeutics , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa
2.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 172-182, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348286

ABSTRACT

The present study is designed to explore the role of plasma cells in the change of protein C system (PCS) in ulcerative colitis (UC). Dextran sulfate sodium (DSS, 4% in concentration) was used to induce mouse UC model. The plasma cells and the type of immune complex in colon were observed by immunofluorescence. The amount and type of plasma cells separated from colonic mucosal lamina propria were detected by flow cytometry using anti-CD54CD38and IgA/M/G antibodies, respectively. After stimulation of macrophages by IgG type immune complex, TNF-α and IL-6 levels were evaluated by ELISA. After co-incubation of microvascular endothelial cells with TNF-α or IL-6, the expressions of endothelial protein C receptor (EPCR) and thrombomodulin (TM), and the activity of activated protein C (APC) were examined. As the results showed, the IgG type plasma cells infiltration and the quantity of IgG type immune complex were increased in DSS group in comparison with control group. After incubation with IgG type immune complex, the levels of TNF-α and IL-6 in the supernatant of macrophages were increased (P < 0.01) in a concentration-dependent manner. Meanwhile, after incubation with TNF-α or IL-6, the expressions of EPCR and TM in the microvascular endothelial cells were decreased (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01), while the activity of APC was reduced (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). These results suggested that the quantity of IgG type plasma cells increases in UC and forms immune complexes, which affect the secretion of cytokines from macrophage, thereby affecting the function of endothelial cells and finally inhibiting PCS in UC. Therefore, plasma cell may be a novel target for the treatment of UC.

3.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1102-1108, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496802

ABSTRACT

Pituitary adenoma is a serious disease that affects human health through interfering hypothalamus-pituitary-target organ axis systems.Proteomics is an effective approach to elucidate molecular mechanisms of a pituitary adenoma and discover effective biomarkers for a pituitary adenoma.A great progress has been made in the field of pituitary adenoma proteomics in the past ten years:(1) the use of laser capture microdissection,(2) functional pituitary adenoma proteomics (such as prolactinoma),(3) proteomics analysis of invasive characteristics of nonfunctional pituitary adenoma,(4) protein post-translational modifications including phosphorylation and tyrosine nitration,(5) the use of protein antibody array,(6) proteomics analysis of hormone isoforms,(7) serum proteomics and peptidomics,(8) integration of proteomics and other omics data,and (9) proposal of multi-parameter systematic strategy for a pituitary adenoma.

4.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 747-756, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331607

ABSTRACT

Long term peritoneal dialysis (PD) is often associated with peritoneal fibrosis. The aim of this study was to explore the effect of emodin on PD-related peritoneal fibrosis and its related cellular and molecular mechanism. PD-related peritoneal fibrosis rats and cultured rat peritoneal mesothelial cells were recruited in the experiment. PD-related peritoneal fibrosis was induced by intraperitoneal injection of lactate-buffered solution containing 4.25% glucose. The peritoneal equilibrium test (PET) was performed at the end of 2 weeks, 4 weeks, and 6 weeks, respectively. HE staining and Masson staining were used for histopathological evaluation. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to measure the plasma N-terminal procollagen III propeptide (PIIINP) level. Real-time PCR technique was used to detect the mRNA levels of Notch1, Jagged-1, and Hes-1 in peritoneal tissue. Western blot was applied to identify the protein levels of Notch1, Jagged-1, Hes-1, and Notch intracellular domain (NICD). In vitro, Notch1 overexpressing or knockdown rat peritoneal mesothelial cells were established and Western blot was used to examine the effect of emodin on the expressions of Hes-1 and Hey. Compared with the control group, HE staining revealed that PD rats suffered from decreasing in mesothelial cells, or detaching from surface of parietal peritoneum, accompanied by infiltration of inflammatory cells; Masson staining result showed thickened peritonea (P < 0.01), and the collagen deposition in the parietal peritoneum was increased; also, PIIINP level in plasma was elevated (P < 0.01). Treatment of the PD rats with emodin increased mesothelial cells in peritoneal tissue, and decreased the peritoneal thickness (P < 0.01), collagen depositions, as well as the plasma PIIINP level (P < 0.05). The expressions of Notch1, Jagged-1, Hes-1 and NICD in peritoneal tissue were also attenuated (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). In cultured rat peritoneal mesothelial cells, compared with emodin group, emodin further inhibited the expressions of Hes-1 and Hey induced by Notch1-overexpression (P < 0.05), but not the expressions of Hes-1 and Hey induced by Notch1-knockdown (P > 0.05). Therefore, the activation of Notch pathway may be involved in the pathological process of PD-induced peritoneal fibrosis. Emodin may ameliorate the PD-related peritoneal fibrosis through inhibiting the activation of Notch pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blotting, Western , Cells, Cultured , Emodin , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Epithelial Cells , Epithelium , Peptide Fragments , Peritoneal Dialysis , Peritoneal Fibrosis , Peritoneum , Procollagen , Rats , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Signal Transduction
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3283-3291, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275518

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Plantar pressure serves as a key factor for predicting ulceration in the feet of diabetes patients. We designed this study to analyze plantar pressure changes and correlating risk factors in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We recruited 65 patients with type 2 diabetes. They were invited to participate in the second wave 2 years later. The patients completed identical examinations at the baseline point and 2 years later. We obtained maximum force, maximum pressure, impulse, pressure-time integral, and loading rate values from 10 foot regions. We collected data on six history-based variables, six anthropometric variables, and four metabolic variables of the patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Over the course of the study, significant plantar pressure increases in some forefoot portions were identified (P < 0.05), especially in the second to forth metatarsal heads. Decreases in heel impulse and pressure-time integral levels were also found (P < 0.05). Plantar pressure parameters increased with body mass index (BMI) levels. Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) changes were positively correlated with maximum force (β = 0.364, P = 0.001) and maximum pressure (β = 0.366, P = 0.002) changes in the first metatarsal head. Cholesterol changes were positively correlated with impulse changes in the lateral portion of the heel (β = 0.179, P = 0.072) and pressure-time integral changes in the second metatarsal head (β = 0.236, P = 0.020). Ankle-brachial index (ABI) changes were positively correlated with maximum force changes in the first metatarsal head (β = 0.137, P = 0.048). Neuropathy symptom score (NSS) and common peroneal nerve sensory nerve conduction velocity (SCV) changes were positively correlated with some plantar pressure changes. In addition, plantar pressure changes had a correlation with the appearance of infections, blisters (β = 0.244, P = 0.014), and calluses over the course of the study.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>We should pay attention to the BMI, HbA1c, cholesterol, ABI, SCV, and NSS changes in the process of preventing high plantar pressure and ulceration. Some associated precautions may be taken with the appearance of infections, blisters, and calluses.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Diabetic Foot , Diagnosis , Female , Foot , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pressure , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279025

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To screen biomarkers which can be used as an auxiliary method in the diagnosis of Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) and to evaluate their diagnostic values by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 127 children diagnosed with HSP between April 2012 and March 2014 were included in the HSP group and an equal number of healthy children were included in the control group. Twelve parameters, i.e., serum amyloid protein A (SAA), interleukin-6 (IL-6), immunoglobulins (IgA, IgG, IgM, and IgE), C-reactive protein (CRP), white blood cell (WBC) count, complements C3 and C4, anti-streptolysin O, and ferritin, were analyzed. The values of the screened biomarkers for diagnosis of HSP were assessed by ROC curve analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The HSP group had significantly higher levels of SAA, IL-6, CRP, WBC, IgA, and IgM than the control group (P<0.05). The areas under the ROC curve of SAA, IL-6, WBC, IgA, and IgM for the diagnosis of HSP were higher than 0.7 (P<0.05). The optimal cut-off values of SAA, IgA, IgM, WBC, and IL-6 for the diagnosis of HSP were 3.035 μg/mL, 1579.5 mg/L, 922.5 mg/L, 8.850 × 10⁹/L, and 7.035 pg/mL, respectively; the corresponding sensitivities of the optimal cut-off values for the diagnosis of HSP were 95.1%, 75.6%, 72.3%, 78.0%, and 63.4%, respectively, and the corresponding specificities were 90.2%, 85.4%, 82.4%, 70.7%, and 80.5%, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>SAA, IgA, IgM, WBC, and IL-6 are valuable biomarkers for clinical diagnosis of HSP and among them SAA seems to be the best one.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Biomarkers , Blood , C-Reactive Protein , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch , Blood , Diagnosis , ROC Curve , Serum Amyloid A Protein
7.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 245-247, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-473471

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between serum amyloid A (SAA) and disease activity (DAS28) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods Forty-four patients with RA, 35 patients with systemic lupus erythe-matosus (SLE), 18 patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and 30 healthy controls (HC) were enrolled in this study. The levels of SAA were measured by ELISA. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was measured by the Westergren method. The value of serum C reactive protein (CRP) was examined by immunonephelometry assay. The correlation between SAA and DAS 28, ESR and CRP was assessed, respectively. Results The SAA levels were significantly higher in RA group than those of SLE, OA, and HC groups (P0.05), but there was no significant difference between RA group and SLE group. There was positive correlation between SAA and DAS28, ESR, and CRP levels (rs=0.790, P<0.001;rs=0.674, P<0.001;rs=0.679, P=0.004), respective-ly. Conclusion SAA may be a new serological marker to assess disease activity in RA.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310207

ABSTRACT

The comparative study of bloodletting therapy between traditional Chinese medicine and Tibetan medicine in view of history development, theoretic basis, bloodletting location, bloodletting tool, operation method, bloodletting amount, indications, contraindications and the others are conducted in this paper. It is pointed out that the bloodletting therapy could be better carried forward and developed through the interaction and integration of bloodletting therapy between traditional Chinese medicine and Tibetan medicine in term of the theoretic, practical and development patterns under the guidance of these two different medical theoretical systems.


Subject(s)
Bloodletting , Methods , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Methods
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310205

ABSTRACT

It was completely collected and summarized the teaching history and the relevant historical materials of Professor YANG Zhao-min via consulting the literatures, investigation, interview, etc. in this paper. The summaries indicated that from the beginning of running a school, Professor YANG Zhao-min adhered to the CHENG's moral, worked hard and successfully explored and practiced the training pattern of teaching tour for the personnel training of acupuncture and moxibustion. He established the specialty of acupuncture and moxibustion, formatted courses and inherited the feature of practice teaching. He was in charge of the compilation of textbook and engaged in scientific innovation. He inherited the past and forged ahead into the future and had made the decision to cultivate the personnel of acupuncture and moxibustion. Professor YANG Zhao-min had practiced and developed the modern educational thought from the CHENG Dan-an and had made the important contribution to the training of acupuncture and moxibustion professionals.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Education , Acupuncture Therapy , China , History, 20th Century , History, 21st Century , Humans , Moxibustion
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271101

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the efficacy differences among acupotomy, electroacupuncture and acupuncture for treatment of simple obesity.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and five cases were randomly divided into an acupotomy group, an electroacupuncture group and an acupuncture group, 35 cases in each group, and Zhongwan (CV 12), Tianshu (ST 25), Shangjuxu (ST 37), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), etc, were selected in three groups and also with selection of acupoints according to symptoms. The acupotomy group was treated with acupotomy 40 mm in length and 0.6 mm in diameter, the electroacupuncture group with the Han's LH402A electroacupuncture stimulator and the acupuncture group with simple acupuncture treatment. The clinical therapeutic effects of three groups were compared. The obesity signs such as body weight, body mass index (BMI), obesity degree, etc., and blood lipid and fasting blood sugar (FBS) were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The markedly effective rate of 91.4% (32/35) in the acupotomy group was higher than that of 71.5% (25/35) in the electroacupuncture group and that of 42.9% (15/35) in the hand acupuncture group (both P<0.05). There were significant differences in the obesity signs and blood fat and FBS of the three groups before and after treatment (P<0.05, P<0.01). The differences rates of body weight, BMI, obesity degree, chest circumference, waistline, thighline, waist-hip ratio, total cholesterol before and after treatment in the acupotomy group were all better than those in the electroacupuncture group and in the acupuncture group (all P<0.05), and the differences rates of hipline, FBS in the acupotomy group were better than those in the acupuncture group (both P<0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Acupotomy treatment can obviously reduce fat, FBS and blood lipid and has obvious therapeutic effects on simple obesity.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Adult , Body Mass Index , Body Weight , Electroacupuncture , Female , Humans , Lipids , Blood , Male , Middle Aged , Obesity , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Young Adult
11.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 783-785, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-422985

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the role of SAA in rheumatoid arthritis(RA) pathogenesis by analyzing the expression of serum amyloid protein A(SAA) in serum,synovial fluid and synovial membrane in patients with RA.MethodsSAA levels in the serum and synovial fluid in each group were detected.Sera SAA was tested by Western blotting,while the expression of SAA in RA and osteoarthritis(OA) synovium was detected by immunohistochemistry.Comparisons between groups were performed by t-tests or KruskaWallis test.ResultsThe serum levels of SAA were significantly higher in RA [(318±132) μg/L] than those in OA [(127±47) μg/L] and healey controls [(127±41) μg/L,P<0.01].In RA,the SAA levels in the synovial fluid [ (571±473) μg/L ] were significantly higher when compared to those in O A [ (129±33) μg/L](t=2.46,P=0.04).Western blotting results showed that SAA bands were found in the serum samples of each group,and higher expression of SAA were seen in RA.Pathology study had showed that SAA was observed mainly in endothelial cells,synovial fibroblasts,macrophages and perivascular areas in RA synovium.In OA,SAA was observed in perivascular areas and synovial fibroblasts.ConclusionIn RA,SAA levels in both serum and synovial fluid are significantly higher than those in the controls.High expression of SAA in RA synovium can be observed.Our results suggest that SAA may play a role in inflammation reaction and joint destruction of RA.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332448

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the distribution of HBV genotype and serotype from Tibetan in Tongde, Qinghai.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Nested polymerase chain reaction (nPCR) was used for amplification of S gene and C gene of HBV from sera carried by Tibetan chronic HBV carrier in Tongde, Qinghai, then the HBV DNA positive products were sequenced by direct sequencing. Genotype and serotype were identified by analysis of sequence result.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>271, which come from 311 sera samples with positive HBsAg randomly selected from natural community, were amplified and sequenced in both S gene and C gene successfully, 10 (3.7%), 261 (96.3%) out of them were identified as genotype C, recombinant between genotypes C and D respectively; 259 (95.6%), 10 (3.7%), 2 (0.7%) belonged to serotype ayw2, adr, adw2 respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The recombinant between genotypes C and D was the main genotype in Tibetan chronic carrier with hepatitis Bin Tongde, Qinghai; the serotype of this areas was consisted largely of ayw2.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , China , Genotype , Hepatitis Antibodies , Blood , Hepatitis B , Allergy and Immunology , Virology , Hepatitis B Core Antigens , Genetics , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Genetics , Hepatitis B virus , Classification , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332446

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate genotype of HCV infection among residents in a rural village, Hebei Province.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Blood samples of the 520 residents were collected, and C/E1 of HCV genome of the 483 samples were obtained by RT-PCR amplifying, and the gene sequences were analyzed and the polygenetic tree were drawn by the software Mega 4.0.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In 483 subjects, HCV-RNA positive objectives are 70, positive prevalence is 14.5%, genotyping for all the samples successfully, including genotypes 1b and 2a, which are 36 (51.4%), 34 (48.6%) respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HCV RNA positive rate is 14.5%, which is higher than general people. Subtypes 1b and 2a seemed to be the dominant genotypes of HCV in Zhao county area of Hebei Province.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Blood Donors , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Epidemiology , Female , Genotype , Hepacivirus , Classification , Genetics , Hepatitis C , Epidemiology , Virology , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Molecular Sequence Data , Phylogeny , Young Adult
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287867

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the treatment effect of Wenxin Keli on isoproterenol (ISO) induced heart failure in rats.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Sixty six-week old male Wistar rats were randomized into six groups. The rats in control group were only receive distilled water every day. The rats in ISO group also received two subcutaneous injections (85 mg x kg(-1)) of ISO, which were separated by a 24 hour interval and began to receive distilled water 2 weeks later every day. The rats in Wenxin Keli and control group were receive Wenxin Keli (9 mg x kg(-1)) every day. The rats in Wenxin Keli and ISO group received two subcutaneous injections (85 mg x kg(-1)) of ISO, which were separated by a 24 hour interval and began to receive Wenxin Keli (9 mg x kg(-1)) 2 weeks later every day. The rats in valsartan and control group were receive valsartan every day. The rats in valsartan and ISO group received two subcutaneous injections (85 mg x kg(-1)) of ISO, which were separated by a 24 hour interval and began to receive valsartan 30 mg x kg(-1) 2 weeks later every day. Echocardiogram measurement in rats were carried out after 4 weeks and 10 weeks feeding medince of hemodynamic measurement and aconitine induced arrhythmia in rats were carried out after 10 weeks.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Echocardiogram indicated that left ventricular internal diameter at diastolic phase (LVIDd), left ventricular internal diameter at systolic phase (LVIDs), LV percent fractional shortening (FS) and LV ejection fraction (EF) were decreased in the ISO group. Treatment with valsartan 4 weeks later, FS and EF were increased compared with the ISO group and 10 weeks later, LVIDd, LVIDs, FS, EF were increased. However, treatment with Wenxin Keli 10 weeks later, LVIDs, FS, EF were not changed obviously. Hemodynamic measurement showed that left ventricular end diastolic pressure (LVEDP), left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP), and dp/dt(max) were improved after 10 weeks of treatment with valsartan. The LVEDP was decreased and dp/dt(max), was increased after 10 weeks of treatment with Wenxin Keli. Aconitine induced arrhythmia in rats in Wenxin Keli and control group were less serious than those in control group, aconitine induced arrhythmia in rats in Wenxin Keli and ISO group were less serious than those in ISO group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Wenxin Keli could greatly improve the ISO induced cardiac dysfunction and protect the aconitine-induced arrhythmia in rats.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Diagnostic Imaging , Cardiotonic Agents , Pharmacology , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Echocardiography , Heart , Heart Failure , Hemodynamics , Isoproterenol , Male , Myocardium , Pathology , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Ventricular Function, Left
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