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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 667-672, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016623

ABSTRACT

Ten compounds were isolated and purified from ethanol extracts of dried roots bark of Polygala tenuifolia Willd. by various chromatography techniques such as silica gel and Sephadex LH-20. Their structures were identified by analysis of physicochemical properties and spectral data, and determined as β-sitosterol (1), tenuifolin (2), 6-methoxy coumarin (3), 7-phenyl-1-hydroxy-2,3,6-trimethoxyxanthone (4), 1,8-dihydroxy-3,4,7-trimethoxyanthone (5), mangiferin (6), quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucoside (7), rutin (8), syringaldehyde (9), salicylicacid (10). Among them, compounds 3, 4 and 5 were isolated from the genus of Ploygala for the first time and compound 4 was a new xanthone. The acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activities of compounds 3, 4 and 5 were evaluated by Ellman colorimetric method, compounds 3 and 5 exhibited moderate inhibitory activity, compound 4 exhibited weak inhibitory activity.

2.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1050-1055, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007441

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of electro-scalp acupuncture (ESA) on the expression of microglial markers CD206 and CD32, as well as interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1β, and IL-10 in the ischemic cortex of rats with ischemic stroke, and to explore the mechanisms of ESA on alleviating inflammatory damage of ischemic stroke.@*METHODS@#Sixty 7-week-old male SD rats were randomly selected, with 15 rats assigned to a sham surgery group. The remaining rats were treated with suture method to establish rat model of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). The rats with successful model were randomly divided into a model group, a VitD3 group, and an ESA group, with 15 rats in each group. In the ESA group, ESA was performed bilaterally at the "top-temporal anterior oblique line" with disperse-dense wave, a frequency of 2 Hz/100 Hz, and an intensity of 1 mA. Each session lasted for 30 min, once daily, for a total of 7 days. The VitD3 group were treated with intragastric administration of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25-VitD3) solution (3 ng/100 g), once daily for 7 days. The neurological deficit scores and neurobehavioral scores were assessed before and after the intervention. After the intervention, the brain infarct volume was evaluated using 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining. Immunofluorescence double staining was performed to detect the protein expression of CD32 and CD206 in the ischemic cortex. Western blot analysis was conducted to measure the protein expression of IL-6, IL-1β, and IL-10 in the ischemic cortex.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham surgery group, the model group showed increased neurological deficit scores and neurobehavioral scores (P<0.01), increased brain infarct volume (P<0.01), increased protein expression of CD32, IL-6, and IL-1β in the ischemic cortex (P<0.01), and decreased protein expression of CD206 and IL-10 in the ischemic cortex (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, both the ESA group and the VitD3 group showed decreased neurological deficit scores and neurobehavioral scores (P<0.01), reduced brain infarct volume (P<0.01), decreased protein expression of CD32, IL-6, and IL-1β in the ischemic cortex (P<0.01), and increased protein expression of CD206 and IL-10 in the ischemic cortex (P<0.01). Compared with the VitD3 group, the ESA group had lower neurological deficit score (P<0.05), larger brain infarct volume (P< 0.05), and lower protein expression of CD32, CD206, IL-1β, and IL-10 in the ischemic cortex (P<0.01, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#ESA could improve neurological function in MCAO rats, and its mechanism may be related to promoting microglial M1-to-M2 polarization and alleviating inflammatory damage.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Ischemic Stroke , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-6/genetics , Microglia , Scalp , Acupuncture Therapy , Vitamins , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery
3.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 530-536, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986885

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effectiveness of percutaneous pedicle screw fixation combined expandable tubular retractor in the treatment of patients with spinal metastases.@*METHODS@#In the study, 12 patients of spinal metastases treated with percutaneous pedicle screw fixation combined expandable tubular retractor in our hospital were retrospectively reviewed between June 2017 and October 2019. Among the 12 patients, 9 were males and 3 were females; the median age was 62.5 years [(65.1±2.9) years]. The decompression segment of 7 patients was located at the lower thoracic spine (including 1 patient with incomplete paraplegia) and the decompression segment of 5 patients was located at the lumbar spine; Tomita score was 6.0±0.6. Perioperative data of the patients were reviewed. Visual analog scale (VAS score), Karnofsky score, and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score were compared before and after surgery. The patient's survival, adjuvant treatment, and internal fixation failure were observed in the follow-up period.@*RESULTS@#All the 12 patients had a successful operation with percuta-neous pedicle screw fixation combined expandable tubular retractor. The average operative time, blood loss, and blood transfused of the patients were (247.0±14.6) min, (804.2±222.3) mL and (500.0±100.0) mL, respectively. The average amount of drainage was (240.8±79.3) mL. Drainage tubes were pulled out early postoperative [(3.2±0.3) d], allowing early mobilization. The patients discharged (7.8±0.8) d postoperative. All the patients were followed up for 6-30 months, and the average overall survival time was (13.6±2.4) months. During the follow-up period, 2 patients experienced screw displacement, the internal fixation was stable after conservative treatment and no revision surgery was performed. The VAS of the patients was 7.1±0.2 before surgery, which decreased to 2.3±0.1 and 2.8±0.4 at 3 and 6 months after surgery (P < 0.05). The Karnofsky score of the patients was 59.2±1.9 before surgery, which increased to 75.0±1.9 and 74.2±3.1 at 3 and 6 months after surgery (P < 0.05). The ECOG of the patients was 2.3±0.2 before surgery, which decreased to 1.7±0.1 and 1.7±0.2 at 3 and 6 months after surgery (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For selected patients with spinal metastases, minimally invasive surgical treatment of spinal metastases (percutaneous pedicle screw internal fixation combined with expandable tubular retractor) can effectively relieve the clinical symptoms and improve the quality of life, with satisfactory clinical outcome.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Treatment Outcome , Spinal Neoplasms/surgery , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Spinal Fusion , Spinal Fractures/surgery
4.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 358-367, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984730

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the response characteristics of patients with locally advanced/metastatic non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (nsq-NSCLC) treated with tislelizumab in combination with chemotherapy in the first line. Methods: Patients with nsq-NSCLC who achieved complete or partial remission after treatment with tislelizumab in combination with chemotherapy or chemotherapy alone in the RATIONALE 304 study, as assessed by an independent review board, were selected to analyze the response characteristics and safety profile of the responders. Time to response (TTR) was defined as the time from randomization to the achievement of first objective response. Depth of response (DpR) was defined as the maximum percentage of tumor shrinkage compared with the sum of the baseline target lesion length diameters. Results: As of January 23, 2020, 128 patients treated with tislelizumab in combination with chemotherapy achieved objective tumor response (responders), representing 57.4%(128/223) of the intention-to-treat population, with a TTR of 5.1 to 33.3 weeks and a median TTR of 7.9 weeks. Of the responders (128), 50.8%(65) achieved first remission at the first efficacy assessment (week 6), 31.3%(40) at the second efficacy assessment (week 12), and 18.0%(23) at the third and subsequent tumor assessments. The percentages of responders who achieved a depth of tumor response of 30% to <50%, 50% to <70% and 70% to 100% were 45.3%(58/128), 28.1%(36/128) and 26.6%(34/128), respectively, with median progression-free survival (PFS) of 9.0 months (95% CI: 7.7 to 9.9 months), 11.5 months (95% CI: 7.7 months to not reached) and not reached (95% CI: 11.8 months to not estimable), respectively. Tislelizumab plus chemotherapy were generally well tolerated in responders with similar safety profile to the overall safety population. Conclusion: Among responders to tislelizumab in combination with chemotherapy for nsq-NSCLC, 82.0%(105/128) achieves response within the first two tumor assessments (12 weeks) and 18.0%(23/128) achieves response at later (18 to 33 weeks) assessments, and there is a trend toward prolonged PFS in responders with deeper tumor response.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Treatment Outcome
5.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 147-158, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981600

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically analyze the current status of outcomes reporting in clinical trials on treating stasis acute mastitis with Traditional Chinese Medicine breast massage.Methods We searched CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane library, JBI, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Clinical Trials Registry Platform portal, Clinical Trials Registry, Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry, Center Watch Registry from inception to May 15, 2022 to find randomized controlled trials, non-randomized controlled trials, case series and cohort studies which reported the outcomes of stasis acute mastitis managed with Traditional Chinese Medicine breast massage, with search terms of mastitis, acute mastitis, lactation mastitis, puerperal mastitis, breast problem, breast engorgement, milk stasis, blocked ducked, breast pain, breast massage, and acupoint massage. Outcomes and the measurement schemes (measurement methods, timing of assessing outcome, frequency of assessing outcome, measurers) were extracted from the included studies. We used the Management of Otitis Media with Effusion in Children with Cleft Palate (MOMENT) to assess the quality of each study, then categorized outcomes derived from the included studies into different domains according to the Outcome Measures in Rheumatology Arthritis Clinic Trials (OMERACT) Filter 2.1 framework.Results We identified 85 clinical trials, in which 54 different outcomes were reported. A total of 81.2% (69/85) of studies were assessed as medium quality with a mean score of 2.6, and 18.8% (16/85) as low quality with a mean score of 0.9. These outcomes were organized in three core areas. Lump size (89.4%, 76/85) was the most frequently reported outcome, followed by breast pain (69.4%, 59/85) and milk excretion (68.2%, 58/85). Five methods were used to assess lump size and four methods to assess breast pain.Conclusions The outcomes reported in clinical trials regarding stasis acute mastitis treated by Traditional Chinese Medicine breast massage are heterogeneous. Developing a core outcome set to achieve consistent standards for reporting outcomes and modalities for validation of the outcomes is clearly warranted.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Australia , Massage , Mastitis/therapy , Mastodynia , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3140-3146, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999056

ABSTRACT

In the study, specific primers were designed based on the CO Ⅰ gene sequence of Polyrhachis dives. By optimizing the genomic DNA extraction method and amplification conditions, we established an efficient, specific, and accurate DNA molecular identification method for Polyrhachis dives. In this method, the length of the target fragment was 294-308 bp, and the other counterfeits had no target bands. In this paper, the specific identification method of the origin of Polyrhachis dives established can be used to identify the medicinal materials of Polyrhachis dives accurately.

7.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 283-288, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005016

ABSTRACT

  Objective  Quantitative imaging evaluation was performed on the liver and spleen system lesions of patients with Gaucher disease after treatment. in order to deepen the understanding of Gaucher disease.  Methods  From August 1999 to August 2018, we registered, examined and treated children with Gaucher disease, and conducted quantitative imaging research on 40 children with Gaucher disease who were intensively followed up in Beijing Children's hospital, Capital Medical University until August 2018. At the same time, 34 normal volunteers were matched. All subjects were scanned with magnetic resonance imaging(MRI). The fat fraction(FF), iron content(R2*), standard apparent diffusion coefficient(sADC), slow apparent diffusion coefficient(D), fast apparent diffusion coefficient(D*) and perfusion fraction(f)of the liver and spleen were measured. The quantitative parameter values measured by patients with Gaucher disease and normal subjects were statistically analyzed by independent sample t-tests.  Results  The results showed that there was no significant difference in FF, R2*, sADC, D, D*, f of the liver and spleen, and liver elasticity was also within the normal range. However, the volume of liver and spleen in patients was significantly different from that in normal subjects.  Conclusions  After treatment, the volume of the liver and spleen in patients with Gaucher disease is greater than that of normal people, but other quantitative parameters are within the normal range, indicating that long-term enzyme replacement therapy can delay the progress of liver and spleen diseases to a certain extent. Quantitative imaging has a certain value in the evaluation of Gaucher disease.

8.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 97-107, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015743

ABSTRACT

Preoperative detection of biomarkers that can predict postoperative survival of gastric cancer patients has important implications for surgical procedures, postoperative chemoradiotherapy and followup. Using multi-center cancer database and online analysis and verifying by qRT-PCR and Western blotting, we found that Osteomodulin (OMD) was highly expressed in gastric cancer tissues (P =0. 015) and could affect the survival of gastric cancer patients (P < 0. 001) and can be detected preoperatively to evaluate the prognosis of gastric cancer patients. The mRNA expression of OMD was significantly correlated with age (P = 0. 034), Lauren typing (P < 0. 001) and clinical stage (P =0. 001) of gastric cancer patients. It also associated with a variety of immune cells (dendritic cellsresting, eosinophils) and the immune checkpoint regulator ENTPD1 (rho = 0. 634, P < 0. 001) and chemokine CXCL12 (rho = 0. 625, P < 0. 001), which affects the occurrence and development of gastriccancer through the immune microenvironment. Therefore, OMD may become a clinically feasible prognostic biomarker of gastric cancer and a new target for immunotherapy.

9.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 868-877, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941015

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a culture system for human nasal mucosal organoids with controllable differentiation to reproduce the structure and function of the source tissue through staged expansion-differentiation culture.@*METHODS@#Fresh samples of surgically resected middle turbinate and nasal polyp tissues were collected, from which the nasal mucosa epithelial cells were isolated by enzymatic digestion and filtration for continuous culture at the air-liquid interface for expansion (EO group) or staged culture for expansion and differentiation (DO group). Immunohistochemical staining was used to characterize the structure, cellular composition and ciliary function of nasal mucosal organoids in the two groups. The secretion function of the differentiated nasal mucosal organoids in DO group was evaluated using PAS staining.@*RESULTS@#Both of the two organoid culture systems yielded vacuolar or solid spherical 3D organoids, and their diameters increased progressively with time. On day 16 of culture, more vacuolar organoids occurred in DO group, while more solid spherical organoids were seen in EO group, and the proportion of vacuoles was significantly greater in DO group than in EO group [(54.67±13.26)% vs (21.67±8.57)%, P < 0.05]. Short tandem repeat (STR) test of the nasal mucosal organoids and the source tissue showed a 100% match between them. On day 21 of culture, scanning and transmission electron microscopy of the nasal mucosal organoids identified ultrastructure of cilia in DO group and short villi structure in most of the organoids in EO group. Immunohistochemical staining showed positivity for P63 (basal cells), β-tubulin (ciliated columnar cells), and MUC5AC (goblet cells) in the organoids. Compared with those in EO group, the organoids in DO group showed significantly greater percentages of ciliated cells [(7.95±1.81)% vs (27.04±5.91)%, P < 0.05] and goblet cells [(14.46±0.93)% vs (39.85±5.43)%, P < 0.05) with a similar percentage of basal cells [(56.91±14.12)% vs (53.42±15.77)%, P > 0.05]. The differentiated nasal mucosal organoids in DO group were positively stained for glycogen.@*CONCLUSION@#The staged expansion-differentiation culture method allows more stable and prolonged growth of the cultured cells in vitro to produce organoids with controllable differentiation closely resembling the morphological structure and functions (ciliary function and secretory function) of the source tissue.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Epithelial Cells , Nasal Mucosa , Organoids
10.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 493-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976117

ABSTRACT

@# Objective - - To analyze the prevalence and influencing factors of multi site work related musculoskeletal disorders ( ) Methods WMSDs in surgeons. A total of 102 surgeons from four hospitals were selected as study subjects by convenient sampling method. The Chinese version of Musculoskeletal Disorders Questionnaire was used to investigate the prevalence of , Results WMSDs in the past one year the related individuals and occupational factors. The total prevalence of WMSDs among ( ), ( ) ( ) surgeons was 54.9%. The top three sites were neck 48.0% lower back 35.3% and shoulder 32.4% . The prevalence of ( vs ,P ) WMSDs in multiple sites was higher than that in a single site 43.1% 11.8% <0.01 . Multivariate logistic regression , , analysis showed that surgeons who smoked were tired at work and had a bent back had a higher risk of developing WMSDs [ ( - ), ( - ), ( - ), P ] odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were 3.66 1.41 9.46 8.33 2.15 32.20 and 18.74 2.14 166.77 all <0.01 Conclusion - after excluding the influence of confounding factors. The prevalence rate of multi site WMSDs among surgeons is , high and the influencing factors include bad living habits and occupational factors such as working load and working posture.

11.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 675-681, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957890

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the application of amide proton transfer weighted (APTw) magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) for grading of brainstem glioma (BSG) in children.Methods:Twenty-five children (16 males and 9 females) aged 0.7-12.4(5.6±3.3)years were diagnosed as BSG by surgery or biopsy in Beijing Children′s Hospital from December 2019 to March 2022, including 13 cases of low-grade BSG and 12 cases of high-grade BSG. APTw imaging and conventional MRI were performed on a 3.0 T MRI scanner. The differences in gender distribution, age, conventional MRI appearance, APTw signal intensity and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) between children with high and low grade BSG were analyzed. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the efficacy of APTw signal intensity in the differential diagnosis of high and low grade BSG, and Youden index was calculated to obtain the optimal diagnostic threshold. Pearson′s correlation coefficient analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between APTw signal intensity and Ki-67 expression.Results:There was no significant difference in age and gender distribution between high-grade and low-grade BSG patients. The maximum diameter of high-grade BSG was significantly larger than that of low-grade BSG [(4.7±0.9) vs. (3.1±1.7)cm; t=-2.94, P=0.007]; the maximum signal intensity of APTw (APTw max) in high-grade BSG was significantly higher than that in low-grade BSG [(4.9±0.6)% vs. (3.0±1.2)%; t=-5.14, P<0.001]; the average signal intensity of APTw (APTw mean) in high-grade BSG was significantly higher than that in low-grade BSG[(3.6±0.4%) vs. (2.7±1.1)%; t=-2.66, P=0.014].The area under the curve(AUC)of APTw max in distinguishing high-and low-grade BSG was 0.897; with 4.07% as the optimal diagnostic threshold of APTw max, the sensitivity for the diagnosis of high-grade BSG was 0.917 and specificity was 0.846. The AUC of APTw mean in distinguishing high-and low-grade BSG was 0.769; with 2.85% as the optimal diagnostic threshold of APTw mean, the sensitivity for the diagnosis of high-grade BSG was 0.917 and specificity was 0.692. There was a positive correlation between the value of APTw max and Ki-67 expression( r=0.453, P=0.023). Conclusion:APTw imaging is helpful to distinguish high-grade and low-grade BSG in children. APTw max value can be used to effectively evaluate the proliferative activity of BSG in children.

12.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 1073-1077, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957789

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of oral acitretin on the height and bone development of children.Methods:Clinical and imaging data were collected from 106 children receiving oral acitretin for at least 1 month in Department of Dermatology, Beijing Children′s Hospital from March 2007 to January 2021, and retrospectively analyzed. The main outcome measures were height and near-adult height. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was carried out to investigate relevant factors for short stature in children, and non-inferiority test was used to analyze the proximity of the actual height to target height of children who had reached near-adult height. The secondary outcome measures were bone age and epiphyseal closure. Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to analyze differences in the value of bone age minus chronological age between the baseline and last follow-up, and the premature closure of epiphysis was also evaluated.Results:Among the 106 children, 62 were males and 44 were females; 84 were diagnosed with pustular psoriasis, 10 with psoriasis vulgaris, 11 with pityriasis rubra pilaris, and 1 with lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei. These children received oral acitretin at doses of <1 mg·kg -1·d -1 for 1 - 90 months. Among the 96 children aged under 18 years, 91 (94.8%) were of normal stature, and 5 (5.2%) were short in stature; among the 83 children receiving acitretin monotherapy, 81 (97.6%) were of normal stature, and 2 (2.4%) of short stature. Binary logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of short stature caused by acitretin combined with glucocorticoid therapy was 76.57 times higher than that of acitretin monotherapy ( OR = 77.57, 95% CI: 2.20 - 2 738.82, P = 0.017) , while the type of disease, gender, age at onset, age at initial treatment with acitretin, course of treatment, and average daily dose of acitretin did not significantly affect the stature of children ( P = 0.988, 0.214, 0.087, 0.078, 0.066, 0.350, respectively) . At the last follow-up visit, 13 children who had reached near-adult height were of normal stature, and the non-inferiority test showed that their near-adult height was not inferior to the target height (Satterthwaite = 0.23, P = 0.030) . Bone age was evaluated in 45 children at baseline and last follow-up visit, there was no significant difference in the value of bone age minus chronological age between the baseline and last follow-up ( Z = -0.85, P = 0.250) , and no patients experienced premature closure of epiphysis before and after the treatment. Conclusion:This study preliminarily revealed that oral acitretin at doses of <1 mg·kg -1·d -1 for less than 90 months might not significantly affect the height and bone development of children.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1135-1140, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956770

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the current situation of CT radiation dose in children all over our country, and to explore the diagnostic reference level (DRL) of CT in children.Methods:The radiation dose reports of pediatric CT examination were collected end to November 30, 2021 and divided into five age groups: 0-1 month,>1 month-4 years,>4-10 years,>10-14 years and >14-18 years. There were 9 scanning item such as head, nasal sinus, temporal bone, neck, chest, abdomen, head enhanced CT, chest enhanced CT and abdomen enhanced CT. In each item, volume CT dose index (CTDI vol) and dose length product (DLP) were selected as radiation dose parameters, the 75% percentile were selected for DRL. The DRL results of head, chest and abdomen were compared with the DRL published by Chinese Society of Radiology and European Commission. Results:From March 2019 to November 2021, a total of 33 hospitals in 23 provinces were collected, including 20 children′s specialized hospitals, 11 women′s and children′s hospitals and 2 general hospitals, including 19 135 children′s CT scans. The DRL of 45 subgroups according to 5 age groups and 9 scanning items were obtained. The DRL results showed that the CTDI vol in five age groups was 26.9-42.8 mGy, and the DLP was 347-694 mGy·cm for head; 3.5-8.0 mGy, 54-293 mGy·cm for chest; and 6.3-13.2 mGy, 155-564 mGy·cm for abdomen. The DRL of the age group >4-10 years group in this investigation was agreed to the DRL of Chinese Society of Radiology. Compared with the European guidelines, there was little difference in the radiation dose of head scan, while the radiation dose of chest and abdomen in the young age group increased significantly. Conclusion:This survey reveals the radiation dose level distribution of children CT in our country. The radiation dose level of some items was inconsistent with the DRL of relevant international organizations. So our own DRL is needed to be set up according to the actual clinical reality of our country as a guideline.

14.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1578-1582, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954792

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the CT, magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) and clinicopathological cha-racteristics of perivascular epithelioid cell tumors (PEComas) in children, and improve the diagnostic accuracy of PEComas.Methods:The CT, MRI and clinicopathological characteristics of 6 children confirmed with PEComas by histopathology caming from Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University during March 2019 and April 2022 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:The patients aged from 1.7 to 11.9 years old (with mean age of 7.6 years old). The male to female ratio was 1∶2.Of the 6 solitary tumors identified, 2 cases were found in the kidney, 2 cases in the abdominal cavity, 1 case in the pelvic cavity, and 1 case in the groin.The solitary tumors had well-defined borders.Five solitary tumors were shaped like an ellipse and 1 solitary tumor was multinodular-shaped.Lace-like or nodular changes were observed at tumor margins(3 cases). The maximum diameters of the tumors ranged from 4.8 to 15.9 cm (mean value: 9.3 cm). Five tumors showed peripheral invasion and 2 cases had lymph node metastasis.Two patients were complicated with tuberous sclerosis.One case suffered from tumor recurrence after operation.The tumors (6 cases) were isodensity or low density on the plain CT scan, and gradual heterogeneous enhancement was observed after injection of the contrast agent.A majority of the tumors had tortuous (5 cases) and thickened blood vessels inside, and a few of them (2 cases) underwent gravel-like calcification.Patch-like or nodule-like high signal intensity could be seen in the center of the tumors (3 cases) on MRI T1WI and T2WI, while the peripheral part of the lesions showed iso-signal intensity (equal to muscle). On diffusion weighted imaging(DWI) (b=800 s/mm 2), the lesions exhibited restricted diffusion at the peripheral part with significant enhancement, and iso-signal intensity at the central part with none or slight enhancement.Histological classification results revealed that 1 of 6 cases was a benign PEComa and 5 cases were malignant PEComas.The expression rates of Melan-A and SMA were 100.0% and 83.3%, respectively. Conclusions:The CT, MRI and pathological manifestations of PEComas in children have some distinct features.PEComas are often an oval-like mass with clear borders and nodular margins in the abdominal and pelvic cavity, and tortuous and thickened blood vessels can be seen in the tumor.The periphery of the tumor is the main region to be enhanced by the contrast agent.Local invasion and distant metastasis can be observed.Most of the tumors are malignant in pathology.Both melanocyte and muscle cell markers can be found in the expression of immunohistochemistry.

15.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 524-530, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939771

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the mechanisms underlying the proliferative inhibition of Chinese herbal medicine Kang-Ai injection (KAI) in gastric cancer cells.@*METHODS@#Gastric cancer cell lines MGC803 and BGC823 were treated by 0, 0.3%, 1%, 3% and 10% KAI for 24, 48 and 72 h, respectively. The cell proliferation was evaluated by 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The apoptosis and cell cycle were evaluated by flow cytometry. Interleukin (IL)-6 mRNA and protein expression levels were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and enzyme-linked immune sorbent assay (ELISA), respectively. The protein expression levels of cyclin A, cyclin E, cyclin B1, cyclin D1, p21, retinoblastoma (RB), protein kinase B (AKT), extracellular regulated protein kinases (ERK), signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 1 and STAT3 were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#KAI inhibited the proliferation of MGC803 and BGC823 gastric cancer cells in dose- and time-dependent manner. After treated with KAI for 48 h, the proportion of G1 phase was increased, expression level of cyclin D1 and phosphorylation-RB were down-regulated, whereas the expression of p21 was up-regulated (all P<0.01). Furthermore, 48-h treatment with KAI decreased the phosphorylation level of STAT3, inhibited the mRNA and protein expressions of IL-6 (all P<0.01). IL-6 at dose of 10 ng/mL significantly attenuated the proliferative effect of both 3% and 10% KAI, and recovered KAI-inhibited STAT3 phosphorylation and cyclin D1 expression level (all P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#KAI exerted an anti-proliferative function by inhibiting IL-6/STAT3 signaling pathway followed by the induction of G1 phase arrest in gastric cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cyclin D1/pharmacology , Interleukin-6/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics
16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2430-2434, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937034

ABSTRACT

Seven compounds were isolated from Astragalus membranaceus of northern shaanxi by silica gel and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatographies. Their chemical structures were identified on the basis of their physical and chemical properties. These compounds were elucidated as astragaloside IV (1), formononetin (2), calycosin (3), 1-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4-(2,4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-hydroxy-1,4-but anedione (4), (E)-4-methylcinnamic acid (5), quercetin (6), and uridine (7). Compound 4 is a new compound and compound 5 was isolated from the plants of Astragalus Linn. for the first time. The results of in vitro antitumor activity assay showed that compound 4 could inhibit the proliferation of A549 with IC50 values of 11.41 μmol·L-1.

17.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 328-333, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935288

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the association between short-term exposure level of nitrogen dioxide and the hospitalization risk of heart failure. Methods: Based on China-PEACE Retrospective Heart Failure Study, 117 364 hospitalized patients with heart failure were recruited from 92 hospitals in 62 cities throughout China between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2015. The daily exposure level of nitrogen dioxide, temperature, and humidity in the same cities during the same period were also collected. We applied the generalized additive model and Bayesian hierarchical model to quantify the lagged effect and cumulative effect of short-term (0-3 days) exposure to ambient nitrogen dioxide on the hospitalization risk of heart failure. We further conducted stratified analyses by age, region, and season to identify any difference in the associations between short-term nitrogen dioxide exposure and heart failure among subgroups. Results: The mean age for participants in the analysis was (70.32±12.22) years. The median, minimum and maximum of daily nitrogen dioxide concentration in 62 cities from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2015 was 26.4 μg/m3, 2.33 μg/m3 and 150.25 μg/m3, respectively. The exposure level of nitrogen dioxide at the same day was associated with the hospitalization risk of heart failure (OR=1.022, 95%CI: 1.012, 1.031). Significant effects were also observed in the moving average concentrations from lag 0-1 to lag 0-3 day (OR=1.020, 95%CI: 1.009, 1.030; OR=1.016, 95%CI: 1.004, 1.028; OR=1.013, 95%CI: 1.001, 1.026). Moreover, all of the associations between short-term exposure to nitrogen dioxide and the risk of heart failure hospitalization were statistically significant, with no significant difference in all subgroups stratified by age, region, and season. Conclusion: A higher level of short-term exposure to nitrogen dioxide could trigger more hospitalizations with heart failure.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Middle Aged , Air Pollutants/analysis , Air Pollution/analysis , Bayes Theorem , China/epidemiology , Environmental Exposure/analysis , Heart Failure/epidemiology , Hospitalization , Nitrogen Dioxide/analysis , Particulate Matter/analysis , Retrospective Studies , Sulfur Dioxide/analysis
18.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 297-307, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935214

ABSTRACT

The mutation rate of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) in patients with non-small cell lung cancer is 3% to 7%. Due to its low mutation rate and better long-term survival compared with epidermal growth factor receptor-positive non-small cell lung cancer patients, therefore, it's called "diamond mutation". At present, there are three generations of ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) drugs in the world. The first-generation ALK-TKI drug approved in China is crizotinib, and the second-generation drugs are alectinib, ceritinib and ensartinib. Among them, ensartinib is an ALK-TKI domestically developed, and its efficacy is similar to that of alectinib. The main adverse event is transient rash, and compliance to ensartinib is better from the perspective of long-term survival of patients. The manifestation of rash caused by ensartinib is different from that of other ALK-TKI drugs. In order to facilitate clinical application and provide patients with more treatment options, under the guidance of the Committee of Cancer Rehabilitation and Palliative Care of China Anti-Cancer Association, this article collects and summarizes the common adverse reactions of ensartinib. Based on the clinical practice, a clear adverse classification and specific treatment plan are formulated, in order to provide a corresponding reference for clinicians to make more comprehensive clinical decisions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase , Carbazoles/adverse effects , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Consensus , Exanthema/drug therapy , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Piperazines , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/adverse effects , Pyridazines
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 233-238, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880060

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the polymorphism of the HPA1-5,15 system of the donors in Zhangjiakou area.@*METHODS@#DNA was extracted from the blood samples of the donors, PCR- SSP method was used to divide HPA1-6, 15 genotype. The gene frequency and genotype frequency were calculated, compared with the difference and regiahal specificity of the populations in our country and foregiens was compared other populations.@*RESULTS@#The gene expression in the HPA-1, HPA-2 and HPA-4 systems were all homozygous aa, and the donors who expressed homozygous bb was not exessed. Among them, one heterozygous ab expression was found in both HPA-1 and HPA-4 systems (1%), and 14 cases of heterozygous ab expression were found in HPA-2 system (14%). The gene expression in the HPA-5 system was mainly homozygous aa (98%), and a very few expressed homozygous bb (2%) was found. The degree of heterozygosity of gene expression in the HPA-3 and HPA-15 systems was relatively high. The proprotion of the expression of aa, ab and bb in the HPA-3 system was respectively 46%, 40% and 14%, the proprotion of the expression of aa, ab and bb in the HPA-15 system was respectively 21%, 64% and 15%.@*CONCLUSION@#The gene frequency of platelet-specific antigen HPA1-5,15 system in zhangjiakou region shows local characteristics. The heterozygosity degree of gene expression in the HPA-3 and HPA-15 systems are both high, suggesting that they are more likely to result in alloimmunization and ineffective platelet transfusion, which should be pays attention to.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antigens, Human Platelet/genetics , Blood Donors , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Polymorphism, Genetic
20.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 21-26, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885834

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the awareness of diabetic retinopathy (DR) prevention and treatment knowledge of diabetic patients in the community of Shenzhen, and analyze its influencing factors.Methods:A cluster random sampling method was used to select 904 patients with diabetes diagnosed in 6 community health service centers in 2 administrative districts of Shenzhen and included in this study. Questionnaire survey of patients were performed to understand their knowledge of DR prevention and treatment. The multi-factor logistic regression analysis method was used to analyze the related influencing factors of DR prevention knowledge awareness.Results:Among 904 patients, 144 patients (15.93%, 144/904) knew about DR prevention and treatment knowledge. The highest awareness rate were about "Diabetes can affect vision and even cause blindness" (88.60%, 801/904). The lowest awareness rate (6.20%, 56/904) were about "DR treatment methods". About "diabetes requires regular fundus examinations" and "diabetics", the awareness rate of fundus examination interval were less than 50.00%. The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that gender [odds ratio ( OR)=1.595], education level ( OR=2.963, 3.937), monthly income level ( OR=3.871, 4.675), diabetes course ≥15 years ( OR=1.829), treatment measures ( OR=3.318, 4.512). Whether people had DR ( OR=1.605) were important factors that affected the awareness of DR prevention and treatment knowledge ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The overall awareness of DR prevention and treatment knowledge among diabetic patients in the community of Shenzhen is relatively low. Males, low education and income levels are the main influencing factors.

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