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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885599

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of pulmonary rehabilitation therapy on the exercise capacity and dyspnea of persons with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).Methods:One hundred COPD patients were randomly divided into a control group and an observation group, each of 50. Both groups were given routine medication, while the observation group was additionally provided with health guidance, oxygen therapy, respiratory physiological therapy and exercise for 3 months. Before and after the intervention, both groups′ forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and the first and second forced expiratory volume as a percentage of FEV (FEV1%) were measured. The subjects′ motor functioning was evaluated using the 6-minute walk test. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays and immunoturbidimetry quantified their expression of inflammatory factors. And their ability in the activities of daily living (ADL) was evaluated using the Barthel index. The COPD quality of life questionnaire (CRQ) was also used to assess their life quality.Results:After the intervention, the average clinical efficacy in the observation group was 96%, significantly higher than that of the control group (80%). Moreover, the average FEV1, FEV1%, 6-minute walk test time of the former group were all significantly better than before the intervention and better than the control group′s results after the intervention. Their average CRP, IL-6 and TNF-α levels were all significantly lower as well. After the intervention, the observation group′s average total CRQ score and its average scores on the instrument′s emotion, fatigue, wheezing and disease control components were all better than the control group′s averages. The observation group′s average ADL score was also significantly higher than that of the control group.Conclusions:Supplementing conventional medication with pulmonary rehabilitation therapy can effectively improve the lung function, motor functioning and life quality of COPD patients. It can also lower their level of serum inflammatory factors.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883665

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of self-management treatment for patients with chronic Keshan disease in Gansu Province.Methods:From March to June 2018, 243 patients with chronic Keshan disease who were treated by self-management treatment outside the hospital in 7 Keshan disease counties in Gansu Province were selected as the survey subjects, and their general demographic and clinical data were collected. At the same time, the survey subjects were given a 6-month self-management treatment, and the self-management scale was used to evaluate the patients' self-management behavior before treatment and 6 months after treatment. The higher the score, the better the patients' self-management behavior. The influencing factors of self-management scale were analyzed by multiple linear regression analysis.Results:Excluding incomplete data, a total of 158 patients with chronic Keshan disease were included in this survey, including 96 males and 62 females. Compared with patients before self-management treatment, the patients' cardiac function classification and work ability improved significantly after 6 months of self-management treatment ( Z = - 4.685, - 5.934, P < 0.05); cardiothoracic ratio decreased (0.61 ± 0.08 vs 0.63 ± 0.09, t = 5.175, P < 0.05); in the cardiac color Doppler ultrasound indexes, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and left ventricular fractional shortening (LVFS) were increased (0.41 ± 0.11 vs 0.36 ± 0.07, 0.21 ± 0.07 vs 0.18 ± 0.05, t = - 6.504, - 5.391, P < 0.05); the total score of the self-management scale was increased [(53.86 ± 9.29) scores vs (51.46 ± 10.50) scores, t = - 3.696, P < 0.05]. Further analysis of the efficacy of the patients' cardiac function classification showed that the patients' medication compliance was positively correlated with the efficacy of the cardiac function classification ( r = 0.243, P < 0.05). The result of multiple linear regression analysis showed that education level and efficacy of the cardiac function classification were influencing factors of the self-management scale for patients with chronic Keshan disease ( t = 2.466, 2.635, P < 0.05). Conclusion:The self-management treatment for patients with chronic Keshan disease can effectively improve heart function and improve self-management behavior.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882017

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the mutations of common deafness-related genes and explore the clinical significance of universal screening in neonates in Changning District of Shanghai. Methods Microarray gene screening was used to detect the following common mutation sites, including GJB2(c.35delG, c.176 del16, c.235delC, c.299 delAT); SLC26A4(c.IVS7-2A > G, c.2168A > G, c.1174A > T, c.1226G > A, c.1229C > T, c.IVS15+5G > A, c.1975G > C, c.2027T > A); mitochondrial DNA 12S rRNA(m.1555A > G; m.1494C > T)and GJB3(c.538C > T). In addition, hearing screening was conducted. Results In a total of 2 006 neonates, 90 cases(4.49%)had the mutations, including 40(1.99%)carrying a GJB2 single heterozygous mutation, 38(1.89%)carrying a SLC26A4 single heterozygous mutation, 4(0.20%)carrying a mitochondrial 12S rRNA homogeneous mutation, and 6(0.30%)carrying a GJB3 single heterozygous mutation. There were two double heterozygous mutations. In addition, 11 cases failed in the hearing screening. Conclusion There are mutations of deafness-related genes in neonates in Changning District of Shanghai, in which GJB2 and SLC26A4 are common. It remains crucial to combine screening of common deafness-related genes and hearing test in neonates for improving the health quality. Moreover, it is significant in preventing and controlling the hearing disability in three levels.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881080

ABSTRACT

To illuminate the similarities and differences between wild and cultivated Sarcandra glabra (S. glabra), we performed a comprehensively study on 26 batches of cultivated S. glabra and 2 batches of wild S. glabra. Chemical constituents and distribution characteristics of roots, stems and leaves in both wild and cultivated S. glabra were investigated through UHPLC-TOF-MS method. The result revealed that there were significant differences between roots, stems and leaves in S. glabra. And the chemical contents in the root part were less or even absence than those in leaf and stem, which suggested the root organ could be excluded as medicine. Meanwhile, the chemical contents of stems and leaves in cultivated S. glabra was sightly higher than that of wild samples. Therefore, cultivated S. glabra may have a high potential for substitution of wild S. glabra without affecting its pharmaceutical properties. In summary, our study could provide important information to the molecular basis for quality control of S. glabra.

5.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 261-278, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880901

ABSTRACT

TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1), a core kinase of antiviral pathways, activates the production of interferons (IFNs). It has been reported that deacetylation activates TBK1; however, the precise mechanism still remains to be uncovered. We show here that during the early stage of viral infection, the acetylation of TBK1 was increased, and the acetylation of TBK1 at Lys241 enhanced the recruitment of IRF3 to TBK1. HDAC3 directly deacetylated TBK1 at Lys241 and Lys692, which resulted in the activation of TBK1. Deacetylation at Lys241 and Lys692 was critical for the kinase activity and dimerization of TBK1 respectively. Using knockout cell lines and transgenic mice, we confirmed that a HDAC3 null mutant exhibited enhanced susceptibility to viral challenge via impaired production of type I IFNs. Furthermore, activated TBK1 phosphorylated HDAC3, which promoted the deacetylation activity of HDAC3 and formed a feedback loop. In this study, we illustrated the roles the acetylated and deacetylated forms of TBK1 play in antiviral innate responses and clarified the post-translational modulations involved in the interaction between TBK1 and HDAC3.

6.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 182-187, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880256

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The aim of this study is to investigate the changes of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets before and after treatment with pembrolizumab for non-small cell lung cancer and its clinical significance.@*METHODS@#A total of 32 patients with non-small cell lung cancer who received pembrolizumab treatment in The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University and Weifang People's Hospital of Shandong Province from January 2015 to December 2020 were selected as the observation group, and 30 healthy people during the same period were selected as the control group. Before treatment and in cycles 1, 2 and 4 after treatment, fluid cytometry was used to detect changes in the levels of lymphocyte subsets in the peripheral blood of patients.@*RESULTS@#The CD3⁺, CD4⁺, CD4⁺/CD8⁺ indexes of patients with non-small cell lung cancer before the treatment were significantly lower than those in the control group (P0.05), and the CD8⁺ index was slightly lower than before the treatment (P0.05). At the same time, this article shows through analysis that the expression of programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) and pathological types have no obvious influence on the effect of immunotherapy. Multi-factor analysis shows that it is more meaningful to observe the changes of CD3⁺, CD4⁺ and CD8⁺ at the same time to predict the effect of immunotherapy.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Pembrolizumab can regulate the changes of T lymphocyte subsets in patients with non-small cell lung cancer, improve the immune status of the patients, and there is no obvious adverse reaction. At the same time, monitoring the changes of lymphocyte subsets during treatment can predict the effect of immunotherapy.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880049

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze clinical effectiveness of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients treated by allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), and to investigate new therapy strategy for the treatment of relapse after allo-HSCT.@*METHODS@#72 MDS patients treated by HSCT in our hospital from April 2013 to November 2019 were enrolled and analyzed retrospectively. The effect of allo-HSCT was summarized. The risk factors affecting the survival and relapse of the patients were investigated.@*RESULTS@#Among 72 patients, the median follow up was 37(12-111) months. 57 patients survived(79.2%),while 15 patients died(20.8%). The 5-year overall survival (OS) rate and 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate were 76.6% and 62.3%, respectively. IPSS-R, TP53 mutation and chronic graft versus-host-disease (cGVHD) were the risk factors affecting the OS of the MDS patients after treated by allo-HSCT. IPSS-R, TP53 mutation and Ⅲ-Ⅳ° acute graft versus-host-disease (aGVHD) were the risk factors affecting the DFS of the MDS patients after treated by allo-HSCT. After transplanted, 19 patients (26.4%) emerged aGVHD, and 5 patients (6.9%) emerged Ⅲ-Ⅳ° aGVHD, 25 patients (34.7%) emerged cGVHD, while 4 patients (5.6%) emerged extensive cGVHD. 17 patients (23.3%) relapsed, and the 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) rate was 27.5%. IPSS-R, TP53 mutation and cGVHD were the risk factors affecting the relapse of the patients. The median survival time after relapse was 9 months. There were 7 out of 17 relapsed patients survived without disease, while 10 patients died. The OS rate of patients treated with maintained hypomethylation agents(HMA) combined with G-CSF mobilized donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) was significantly higher than the patients without HMA (80.0% vs 10.0%, P=0.002).@*CONCLUSION@#Allo-HSCT is an effective therapy for intermediate and high risk MDS patients. But relapse after HSCT is still a major problem that affecting the survival of the patients. Maintenance treatment of HMA combined with DLI may improve the long-time survival of MDS patients with relapsed after treated by allo-HSCT.


Subject(s)
Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879592

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze a patient with infertility and a fragile site found at 16q22 by using cytogenetic methods.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood sample was taken from the patient and subjected to chromosomal karyotyping and single nucleotide polymorphism microarray (SNP-array) analysis.@*RESULTS@#The patient was found to be a mosaicism for a fragile site at 16q22, which has a variable morphology and cannot be induced by folic acid treatment. No abnormality was found by SNP-array analysis.@*CONCLUSION@#A rare fragile site, which can be induced without folic acid treatment, has been identified at 16q22. The strategy of assisted reproduction for such individuals is yet to be explored.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Fragile Sites , Chromosome Fragility , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 16 , Genetic Testing , Humans , Karyotyping , Mosaicism
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878319

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Epidemiological studies reveal that exposure to fine particulate matter (aerodynamic diameter ≤ 2.5 μm, PM @*Methods@#EVs were isolated from the serum of healthy subjects, quantified @*Results@#PM @*Conclusions@#EVs treatment promotes cell survival and attenuates PM


Subject(s)
A549 Cells , Air Pollutants/toxicity , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Extracellular Vesicles , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Particulate Matter/toxicity , Protective Agents/pharmacology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Serum
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875284

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the potential value of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT in predicting the survival of patients with primary tracheal malignant tumors. @*Materials and Methods@#An analysis of FDG PET/CT findings in 37 primary tracheal malignant tumor patients with a median follow-up period of 43.2 months (range, 10.8–143.2 months) was performed. Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were used to assess the associations between quantitative 18F-FDG PET/CT parameters, other clinic-pathological factors, and overall survival (OS). A risk prognosis model was established according to the independent prognostic factors identified on multivariate analysis. A survival curve determined by the Kaplan-Meier method was used to assess whether the prognosis prediction model could effectively stratify patients with different risks factors. @*Results@#The median survival time of the 37 patients with tracheal tumors was 38.0 months, with a 95% confidence interval of 10.8 to 65.2 months. The 3-year, 5-year and 10-year survival rate were 54.1%, 43.2%, and 16.2%, respectively. The metabolic tumor volume (MTV), total lesion glycolysis (TLG), maximum standardized uptake value, age, pathological type, extension categories, and lymph node stage were included in multivariate analyses. Multivariate analysis showed MTV (p = 0.011), TLG (p = 0.020), pathological type (p = 0.037), and extension categories (p = 0.038) were independent prognostic factors for OS. Additionally, assessment of the survival curve using the Kaplan-Meier method showed that our prognosis prediction model can effectively stratify patients with different risks factors (p 5.19, a TLG > 16.94 on PET/CT scans, squamous cell carcinoma, and non-E1 were more likely to have a reduced OS.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879178

ABSTRACT

The chromatic values of the broken-fried and single-fried Gardeniae Fructus Praeparatus(GFP) were measured by the color analyzer to analyze the color variation rule, and the contents of 10 main components were determined by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography(UPLC). The multivariate statistical analysis, Pearson correlation analysis, and discriminant analysis were conducted to investigate the color and components of GFP samples. The experimental results revealed that L~*, a~*, b~*, and E~*ab decreased continuously during processing, and the color of samples gradually deepened. The trend and range of chromatic values during broken-frying and single-frying processes were basically identical. Gardenoside, crocin-Ⅰ(C-Ⅰ), and crocin-Ⅱ(C-Ⅱ) showed an obviously downward trend, while the contents of geniposidic acid and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural(5-HMF) increased significantly. Shanzhiside, deacetyl-asperulosidic acid methyl ester, and geniposide(G2) showed a downward trend. Scandoside methyl ester rose first and fell later. Genipin-1-O-gentiobioside(G1) went through a decrease-increase-decrease trend. The change trends of component contents during broken-frying and single-frying processes were generally consistent, but the change range was different. Among all the components, scandoside methyl ester and G1 showed obvious change. Because of different stir-frying time, the change rate of each component content in the process of broken-frying was higher than that in single-frying process. Additionally, geniposidic acid, gardenoside, scandoside methyl ester, C-Ⅰ, C-Ⅱ, and 5-HMF exhibited a higher correlation with apparent color. On the basis of above findings, the discriminant function of two frying processes was established, which could be applied to the discrimination of broken-fried and single-fried samples. This study analyzed the dynamic quality change rule of GFP during broken-frying and single-frying processes based on color-component correlation analysis, and found the two methods showed consistent change trend, yet with slight difference in the quality of samples. This study can provide data support for the processing of GFP.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fruit , Gardenia
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817802

ABSTRACT

Objective Effect of hawthorn and melanoidins on the in-vitro growth of Bifidobacterium and E.coli. Methods According to methods of the Chinese pharmacopoeia (2015),the charred hawthorn was prepared. The melanoidins in charred hawthorn were separated and purified by the macroporous resin extraction process. Ultraviolet spectrophotometry was used to detect melanoidins. The gas chromatography was used to detect the effects of hawthorn, charred hawthorn and melanoidins on the content of the acetic acid in Bifidobacterium and E.coli during growth, stable and decay period. Results In the early stage, the effects of hawthorn and charred hawthorn on bacteria were greater than melanoidins. In the middle and late stage, melanoidins inhibited the growth and metabolism of E.coli by changing the generation of acetic acid, and contributed to that of Bifidobacterium and also promoted the generation of acetic acid and regulate the intestinal flora. Conclusion Hawthorn, charred hawthorn and melanoidins all promote digestion by promoting the growth and metabolism of intestinal flora. Among them, charred hawthorn has a better effect on intestinal flora.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817708

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】 To compare the changes of electromyographic activity of masticatory muscles in unilateral chewers before and after comprehensive intervention,and to evaluate the effect of comprehensive intervention.【Methods】 Thirty patients with unilateral mastication were selected,aged(19.3±0.5)years old. There was no statistically significant difference in general conditions ,which met the selection criteria for unilateral mastication. Randomly divided into intervention group and control group,with 15 cases in each group. The control group did not undergo any treatment,and the intervention group was given comprehensive intervention treatment mainly by eliminating inducement and muscle function training. Six months later,the electromyogram of masseter(left:LMM,right:RMM)and anteriovent of digastric muscle(left:LDA,right:RDA) were recorded in the two groups during the maximum opening and closing movement(M1)and masticatory movement(M2). Statistical analysis was performed for the above.【Results】① There were significant differences in the average electromyographic difference values of LDA[M1:-7.4(-12.98,-1.84)]and RMM[M2:-2.28(- 4.42,- 0.13)]before and after intervention in the intervention group(P < 0.05);the average EMG values of RMM and RDA in M2 after intervention were 9.62(5.99,9.98),9.96(7.91,12.62),compared with RMM[4.88(3.87~5.88)],RDA[5.05(3.07~8.12)]in control group,the difference was statistically significant(P < 0.01). ② The peak electromyogram values of bilateral DA (M1) and MM (M2) in intervention group were higher than those before intervention (P < 0.05);the peak electromyogram values of LDA(M1)after intervention was 760.24(322.34~953.81),compared with LDA[M1 :317.41(186.17~474.81)]in the control group,the difference was statistically significant(P < 0.05).③ The activity asymmetry index of MM and DA in intervention group was lower than that before intervention(P < 0.05);the value of the MM index[M1(15.59 ± 10.52),M2(10.84 ± 7.35)]after the intervention was lower than that in control group[M(129.89 ± 20.56),M(222.39 ± 16.87)](P < 0.05),the DA index value[M1:7.60(5.00~26.5)]was lower than that in control group[25.4(13.8~43.50)](P < 0.05).【Conclusions】After comprehensive intervention,the contractility and symmetry of masseter and anteriovent of digastric muscle were significantly improved ,and the function of masticatory muscles recovered well.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781456

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the therapeutic efficacy of using decitabine as maintenance therapy for patients with relapsed MDS/AML and as prophylactic therapy for patients with high-risk AML after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 10 patients with MDS/AML from November 2016 to May 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. Among 10 patients there were 4 cases of AML, 2 cases of MDS, and 4 cases of AML transformed from MDS (t-AML). The 10 patients were devided into 2 groups: the relapsed group (n=8) and the prophylactic group (n=2). In relapsed group the decitabine was used as maintenance therapy after achieved complete remission (CR) with decitabine chemotherapy. In prophylactic group the decitabine was used as prophylactic therapy if the patients didn't appear the symptom of graft-versus- host-disease (GVHD) during 30 to 45 d after allo-HSCT. Eight patients received G-CSF-mobilized donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI). The dosage of decitabine for maintenance therapy and prophylactic therapy was 5 mg/m for 7 to 10 days every 4 to 6 weeks, as 1 cycle, amount to 3 to 7 cycles. The dosage was adjusted by the endurance of patients.@*RESULTS@#Until Nov 30, 2018, 7 out of 10 patients survived. The average survival time was 15.5±1.9 months. 1-year OS rate was 64.0%. Six patients appeared aGVHD, and four patients appeared cGVHD.@*CONCLUSION@#The usage of decitabine combined with DLI in patients with relapsed MDS/AML and high-risk AML after allo-HSCT can prolong lives of patients, reduce relapsed rate, and provide the probability for long time survival.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781330

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Chinese medicine (CM) improving pregnancy outcomes after surgery for endometriosis-associated infertility.@*METHODS@#A multicenter, randomized, double-blind placebo parallel controlled clinical trial was designed. A total of 202 patients who had laparoscopy for endometriosis-associated infertility with qi stagnation and blood stasis syndrome were included and randomly divided into the CM treatment group and placebo control group at a ratio of 1:1 using a central block randomization from May 2014 to September 2017, 101 patients in each group. The two groups received continuous intervention at 1-5 days after surgery, for 6 menstrual cycles. Before ovulation, the CM group was treated Huoxue Xiaoyi Granule (); after ovulation, Bushen Zhuyun Granule ( was involved. The control group was treated with placebo. Transvaginal ultrasonography was performed every menstrual cycle during the treatment, and female hormone levels in the follicular and luteal phases were measured during the 1st, 3rd and 6th menstrual cycles. The analysis was continued until pregnancy. The primary outcomes were clinical pregnancy rate and pregnancy outcome, and the secondary outcomes were follicular development and endometrial receptivity. Safety evaluations were performed before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#(1) Clinical pregnancy and live birth rates: the clinical pregnancy and live birth rates of the CM group were significantly higher than those of the placebo group [44.6% (45/101) vs. 29.7% (30/101), 34.7% (35/101) vs. 20.8% (21/101), both P0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Strategies for activating blood circulation-regulating Gan (Liver)-tonifying Shen (Kidney) sequential therapy can effectively improve the clinical pregnancy rate and live birth rate of endometriosis-associated infertility with qi stagnation and blood stasis after laparoscopy, improve follicular development, promote ovulation, improve endometrial receptivity, while being a safe treatment option. (Trial registration No. NCT02676713).

17.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 164-167, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869344

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect the changes in mental arithmetic competence and the related influencing factors in patients with early Parkinson's disease(PD)by using mental arithmetic task behavioral experiment.Methods:Thirty-one patients with early PD and 40 healthy controls were enrolled in this study.The cognitive functions were tested by mini-mental state examination(MMSE)and Montreal cognitive assessment(MoCA). The differences of mental arithmetic competence between the two groups were measured by behavioral experiment.Results:There was no significant difference in correct rate, reaction time and post-corrected reaction time while performing baseline tasks and easy mental arithmetic tasks between the two groups( P>0.05). The reaction time had no significant difference between the two groups after adjusting some confounding factors( P>0.05). However, the correct rate while performing difficult mental arithmetic tasks was significantly lower( t=-2.232, P=0.029)and the reaction time was significantly longer( t=2.149, P=0.035)in PD group than in the controls, and the significant difference in reaction time persisted even after adjusting some confounding factors( t=3.139, P=0.003). In PD group, the correct rate of difficult mental arithmetic tasks was positively associated with MoCA scores( r=0.561, P=0.004), and negatively associated with age( r=-0.532, P=0.008). The reaction time and post-corrected reaction time while performing difficult metal arithmetic task were negatively associated with MoCA scores( r=-0.525, P=0.01; r=-0.554, P=0.005)and positively associated with age( r=0.485, P=0.037; r=0.514, P=0.012)in PD group. Conclusions:The difficult mental arithmetic competence is impaired in early PD patients, which is statistically significantly correlated with cognitive function and age.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868456

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the characteristics of thorium adsorption onto graphene oxide aerogel (GO-A).Method:GO-A was prepared using hydrothermal reduction assembly method and characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) to investigate its adsorption performance, including the effects of solution pH, adsorption time, initial thorium concentration, and temperature.Results:The maximum adsorption capacity of thorium onto GO-A was 85.8 mg/g under the experimental conditions of pH 3.0, GO-A 20 mg, solution volume 25 ml, and oscillation for 4 h at 25℃.Conclusions:The preparation method of GO-A has a high thorium adsorption capacity owing to being simple, environmental benign, convenient for solid-liquid separation. This result will provide new method and technologies for the treatment of thorium-containing radioactive wastewater and the pre-treatment of samples for environmental monitoring.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868433

ABSTRACT

Objective:To synthesize amide functionalized graphene oxide nanoribbons (GONRs-AM) and investigate their adsorption performance for uranium.Methods:Characterization of the synthesized GONRs-AM was made by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). The effects of solution pH, adsorbent dosage, adsorption time, initial uranium concentration, temperature and ionic strength on the uranium adsorption on GONRs-AM were investigated by using batch adsorption experiments.Results:The maximum adsorption capacity of GONRs-AM for uranium was 294.5 mg/g, and the adsorption process was a spontaneous exothermic process influenced by pH, which was consistent with the quasi-second-order kinetic model and the Langmuir model.Conclusions:As an adsorbent, GONRs-AM can effectively adsorb uranium from aqueous solution and can be used to separate uranium from radioactive wastewater.

20.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 514-520, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868317

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the feasibility of high concentrated contrast media combined with monochromatic images to improve image quality with double low scanning in dual-layer spectral coronary CT angiography.Methods:Fifty-six patients with suspected coronary artery disease were enrolled and randomly separated into two groups. All patients were scanned at 120 kVp in step-and-shoot mode using a dual-layer detector CT (IQon spectral CT). Patients were either injected with 18 ml high concentration contrast medium(400 mgl/ml) at 2 ml/s (group A) or 45 ml contrast medium (370 mgl/ml) at 4 ml/s (group B). Forty to 80 keV monoenergetic images with 10 keV increment and conventional image (group A2) were reconstructed for group A, conventional poly-energetic image was reconstructed for group B. Region of interest was placed on aorta root (AO), middle segment of left anterior descending (LAD), left circumflex (LCX) and right coronary artery (RCA) to measure the attenuation and noise, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR). Image quality was assessed by two reviewers independently with a 4-point scale on image quality (1-undiagnostic,4-excellent). The objective and subjective image evaluation were compared using the Kruskal-Wallis test. The Steel Dwass was used for multiple comparisons between monoenergetic images in Group A and conventional images in Group B, after the Kruskal-Wallis test.Results:There were significant differences among the attenuation, noise, SNR and CNR of group B, group A2, and monoenergetic images(all P<0.001).The CT value in the aortic root was significantly higher at 40-50 keV monoenergetic images than that in group B(all P<0.05), and similarly, the CT value in LAD,LCX and RCA at 40 keV were superior than that in group B(all P<0.001). There was no significant difference in the noise of the aortic root among 40 keV image, group A2 and group B(all P>0.05),while the noise in the 50-80 keV monoenergetic images were significantly lower than that in Group B(all P<0.001). The SNR and CNR in the aortic root were significantly higher at 40-60 keV monoenergetic images than that in group B(all P<0.001).The SNR in LAD and RCA at 40,50 keV and the CNR in LAD and RCA at 40-60 keV were higher than that in group B(all P<0.01).The SNR at 40-60 keV and CNR at 40-70 keV in LCX were superior than that in group B(all P<0.05). There were significant differences among the subjective image quality score of group B, group A2, and monoenergetic images(all P<0.001).The subjective image quality score of 40,50 keV images were not significantly different from that in group B (all P>0.05),while the score in 60-80 keV image and group A2 were lower than that of Group B(all P<0.001). Conclusion:40,50 keV low monochromatic images derived from dual-layer spectral detect CT combined with high concentrated contrast media can provide comparable or superior image quality with double low scanning in CCTA study.

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