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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920376

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the status of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in children in Wuhan, and to analyze the expression pattern and distribution of serum markers. Methods Five serum markers of HbsA, HbsAb, HbeAg, HbeAb and HBcAb were detected by electrochemiluminescence immunoassay in 67 027 children aged 0-18 years including inpatients, outpatients, and physical examinees in Wuhan Children's Hospital. SPSS24.0 statistical software was used to analyze the results by age and gender. Results The “all negative” detection rate of all 67,027 children was 18.98%. There was a significant difference in the positive rate of HBcAb between male and female. The positive rate of HBcAb was higher in 0~28 days and 1~12 months group and decreased significantly after 1 year old. The positive rate of HBcAb was 5.02% in 1-14 years old but increased slightly in 15-18 years old. Among HBsAb positive children, the positive rate of HBsAb reached the peak of 95.65% in 1~2 years old group and the lowest of 68.90% in 6~14 years old group, and gradually decreased before 15 years old. Among the children with HBsAb concentration ≥100 IU/L, the proportion of 1~2 years old group was the highest (76.99%), and the proportion of 6~14 years old group was the lowest (40.99%). A total of 20 HBsAb serum marker expression patterns were detected, and the detection rates of “single HBsAb+”, “all negative”, “HBsAb+/HBcAb+”, and “HBsAb+/HBeAb+/HBcAb+” were 71.40%, 18.98%, 4.80% and 4.20%, respectively. Among them, 11 kinds of uncommon expression patterns were detected, and 9 kinds of uncommon expression patterns were detected in neonates, with a detection rate of 1.21%, which was higher than that in other age groups. Among all serological patterns, only the detection rate of “single HBcAb+” showed a statistical difference between male and female. Conclusion The HBV infection rate in all ages of 0~18 years old children in Wuhan is low. “Single HBsAb+” is the main serological pattern, and the concentration distribution of HBsAb is mostly in the range of 100-999 IU /L. There is a high “all negative” detection rate. School-age children should be inoculated with hepatitis B vaccine, which may be beneficial to reduce the risk of infection.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905271

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the factors affecting curative effect of motor imagery brain-computer interface (MI-BCI) training on upper limb paralysis for subacute stroke patients. Methods:From January, 2018 to July, 2019, 23 inpatients with post-stroke upper limb paralysis accepting MI-BCI training were reviewed. The gender, age, course of disease, aphasia, location and nature of lesion, history of Botulinum toxin, hemisphere injured and modified Ashworth Scale (MAS) score of affected fingers were recorded, and they were assessed with Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremities (FMA-UE) before and four weeks after MI-BCI training. According to improvement of FMA-UE wrist and hand scores (≥ 2), the patients were divided into effective group (n = 11) and inefficacy group (n = 12). Results:The MAS scores before MI-BCI training (t = 2.677, P < 0.05) and history of botulinum toxin (Z = 0.000, P < 0.05) were more in the inefficacy group than in the efficacy group. FMA-UE scores (total and dimensions) after training were correlated to their baseline levels (r > 0.831, P < 0.01), FMA-UE total scores (Eta = 0.453, P < 0.05) and upper arms scores (Eta = 0.506, P < 0.05) were correlated to aphasia, FMA-UE scores of hands were correlated with MAS (r = -0.521, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Poor baseline motor function, spasticity and complication with aphasia were the factors unfavorable to MI-BCI training for subacute stroke patients with upper limb paralysis.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922109

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the safety of thread embedding acupuncture therapy (TEAT) and discuss the prevention and treatment of some adverse events (AEs).@*METHODS@#Review of databases, including China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), CBMdisc, Wanfang, VIP databases and English literature published in PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE and Web of Science, were searched from their inception to January 2020, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and case reports in which AEs with TEAT were included. Cochrane Collaboration's tool and RevMan V.5.3.3 software were used to evaluate the quality of the studies.@*RESULTS@#A total of 61 studies (45 RCTs and 16 case reports) with 620 cases of AEs were included in this review. These studies were published in two countries: China and South Korea. Twenty eight kinds of AEs were summarized. The most common AEs were induration, bleeding and ecchymosis, redness and swelling, fever, and pain. They were accounted for 75.35% (425/564) in the review, and most of them were mild. The rarest AEs were epilepsy, irregular menstruation, skin ulcer, thread malabsorption, and fat liquefaction, with 1 case each. But not all of them had clear causal relationship with TEAT. Most of the AEs were local reactions [with incidence of 9.83% (480/4,882)] and systemic reactions accounted for only 1.27% (62/4,882). Although the included studies showed that AEs were very commonly encountered (11.09%), only 5 cases of severe AEs reported from 2013 to 2017 (0.1%) by using catgut thread, which are rarely seen nowdays with the wide use of new absorbable surgical suture. All of the severe AEs were recovered after symptomatic treatment with no sequelae.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The evidence showed that TEAT is a relatively safe and convenient therapy especially since application of new absorbable surgical suture. Improving practitioner skills, regulating operations, and paying attention to the patients' conditions may reduce the incidence of AEs and improve safety of TEAT.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy/adverse effects , Catgut , China , Female , Humans , Pain , Software
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912453

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the performance of the commonly used whole blood C-reactive protein (CRP) detection systems and give related recommendation on the performance requirements of detection systems.Methods:A total of 7 540 venous blood samples from 26 maternal, child and children′s hospitals were collected to conduct this multi-center study on the analytical performance of 5 commonly used whole blood CRP detection systems from March to April in 2019. The blank check, carryover, repeatability, intermediate precision, linearity, sample stability, influence of hematocrit/triglyceride/bilirubin, comparison with SIEMENS specific protein analyzer and trueness were evaluated. The 5 systems included BC-5390CRP autohematology analyzer, AstepPLUS specific protein analyzer, Ottoman-1000 Automated Specific Protein POCT Workstation, i-CHROMA Immunofluorometer equipment Reader and Orion QuikRead go detecting instrument. The 5 systems were labeled as a, b, c, d and e randomly.Results:Within the 5 systems, all values of blank check were less than 1.00 mg/L, the carryovers were lower than 1.00%. The repeatability of different ranges of CRP concentrations including 3.00-10.00, 10.00-30.00 and>30.00 mg/L were less than 10.00%, 6.00% and 5.00%, respectively, and the intermediate precision was less than 10.00%. The linearity correlation coefficients of the 5 systems were all above 0.975, while the slope was within 0.950-1.050. Whole blood samples were stable within 72 hours both at room temperature (18-25 ℃) and refrigerated temperature (2-8 ℃). The CRP results were rarely influenced by high triglyceride or bilirubin, except for the immmunoturbidimetric test based on microparticles coated with anti-human CRP F(ab) 2 fragments. When triglyceride was less than 15.46 mmol/L, the deviation of CRP was less than 10.00%. When bilirubin was less than 345.47 μmol/L, the deviation of CRP was less than 10.00%. CRP was more susceptible to Hct on the systems without Hct correction. The deviation of CRP between different Hct dilution concentration and 40% dilution concentration can reach as high as 67.48%. The correlation coefficients ( r) of 5 systems were all more than 0.975 in the range of 0-300.00 mg/L compared with Siemens specific protein analyzer. All systems passed the trueness verification using the samples with specified values of 12.89 and 30.60 mg/L. Conclusion:The performance of 5 systems can basically meet the clinical needs, but it is suggested that the whole blood CRP detection system without automatic Hct correction should be modified manually.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912071

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the regulatory role and potential mechanism of Urease B(UreB) on macrophages.Methods:Bone marrow-derived macrophages (M0) were stimulated by recombinant UreB protein and then flowcytometry and ELISA were used to detect the apoptosis, polarization and antigen presentation-related biomarkers expression. CD4 + T cell co-culture assay, CFSE stain and flowcytometry were used to evaluate the impacts of UreB on antigen presentation capacity of macrophages. Truncated UreB protein, NanoBiT assay and co-immunoprecipitation were used to identify the binding sites of UreB to TLR2. Results:UreB promoted apoptosis and skewed macrophages from M1 to M2 in the presence of M1-inducer LPS. Moreover, UreB inhibited the expression of antigen presentation biomarkers, MHCⅡ and CD86 on macrophages, and further inhibited the proliferation and IFN-γ expression of CD4 + T cells. Molecular analyses revealed that the binding between seven carboxy-terminal amino acid residues of UreB and TLR2 were required for the UreB-mediated inhibitory effects. Conclusions:The findings in this study demonstrate that UreB mainly depends on the binding between seven carboxy-terminal amino acid residues and TLR2 to perform immune-suppressive activities, and which may provide valuable information for the design and optimization of UreB-based vaccines against Helicobacter pylori infection.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885671

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the mechanism of PE_PGRS60 protein in the pathogenesis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. Methods:The cloned and purified PE_PGRS60 protein from Mycobacterium tuberculosis was used to stimulate RAW264.7 cells. The expression of cyclooxygenase 2(COX2) mRNA and protein was detected by qRT-PCR and Western blot, respectively. The signal pathways that may regulate the expression of COX2 were screened, and the expression of inflammatory cytokines induced by PE_PGRS60 was detected by ELISA. The level of cell death was measured by lactate dehydrogenase(LDH) release test and flow cytometry PI staining. Western blot was used to detect the expression of COX2 in Peripheral blood mononuclear cell(PBMC) from active tuberculosis patients. Results:PE_PGRS60 protein was found to promote the expression of COX2 in RAW264.7 cells and activate the three major members of the mitogen-activated protein kinase(MAPK) family: extracellular regulated protein kinase(ERK), p38 and c-Jun N-terminal kinase(JNK). Interestingly, only JNK-IN-7, the inhibitor of JNK was observed to suppress the up-regulation expression of COX2 induced by PE_PGRS60. This up-regulated expression of COX2 was also found in PBMCs from active tuberculosis patients. The COX2 inhibitor celecoxib can effectively block the expression of the inflammatory factors IL-1β, TNF-α and IL-6 induced by PE_PGRS60 and promote macrophage death.Conclusions:PE_PGRS60 can promote macrophages to release inflammatory factors by activating JNK/COX2 signal axis. Some macrophages still die under the protection of COX2.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882874

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes of plasma ghrelin levels and insulin(INS) sensitivity of full-term infants small for gestational age (SGA) and the effects of breast feeding on it.Methods:Full-term SGA hospitalised in the Department of Neonatology, Wuhan Children′s Hospital from October 2014 to April 2019 were re-cruited as the SGA group (120 cases), with full-term infants appropriate for gestational age (AGA) born in the same period as the AGA group (96 cases) in this study with recorded birth weight and length.The levels of fasting blood glucose (FG), triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein (LDL), high density lipoprotein (HDL), INS and ghrelin were measured 7 days after birth.Homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was calculated.The SGA group was subdivided into breast feeding group and formula feeding group.The above indexes were tracked and mea-sured in the 3 rd and 6 th month, respectively, and their growth parameters were recorded. Results:There were no diffe-rences in serum FG, TG, LDL and HDL levels between the SGA and the AGA group (all P>0.05). Compared with the AGA group, the serum INS[(4.21±0.83) mIU/L vs.(3.54±1.10) mIU/L], ghrelin levels[(0.80±0.23) μg/L vs.(0.69±0.19) μg/L] and HOMA-IR (0.85±0.25 vs.0.72±0.25) increased in the SGA group, the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Serum INS, HOMA-IR and ghrelin levels changed with the duration of breast feeding, the differences were statistically significant( F=12.394, 9.810, 5.531, all P<0.05). Conclusions:The serum ghrelin levels of SGA infants increased and INS sensitivity decreased.Breastfeeding can decrease levels of serum INS, HOMA-IR and ghrelin, and can improve INS sensitivity of SGA infants.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905745

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the topological alterations in brain functional networks following comprehensive treatment including brain-computer interface (BCI) training in subacute stroke subjects. Methods:From January, 2018 to June, 2019, 14 subacute stroke patients with moderate to severe upper limbs paralysis accepted routine physical therapy, occupational therapy and BCI training based on motor imagery, for four weeks. They were assessed with Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremities (FMA-UE), Action Research Arm Test (ARAT) and Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT) before and after treatment, while the functional connectivity (FC) was investigated with resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging. Results:The scores of FMA-UE, ARAT and WMFT increased after treatment (|t| > 5.298, Z = -3.297, P < 0.01). The FC also increased across the whole brain, including temporal, parietal, occipital lobes and subcortical regions. The FC between left piriform cortex of parietal lobule (BA5L) and right medial surface of temporal lobe (BA48R), as well as those between left precentral gyrus (BA4L) and right anterior transverse temporal gyrus (BA41R) (r > 0.416, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Comprehensive rehabilitation including BCI training may promote recovery of motor function and activities of FC in brain in subacute stroke patients.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871313

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the possible molecular mechanism of high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) 16 E6 protein in promoting the proliferation, invasion and migration of cervical cancer cells.Methods:C33A cells were infected with HPV E6 protein overexpression lentivirus to construct a stable C33A-E6 cell line. The expression of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) was detected by qRT-PCR and Western blot. Degradation rates of HSP70 at mRNA and protein levels were detected by qRT-PCR and Western blot at different time points after actinomycin D (ActD) and actinomycin ketone (CHX) treatment. Exosomes were extracted by hypervelocity centrifugation and the concentrations of HSP70 in exosomes were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The concentrations of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-10 in the supernatants of THP-1 cell culture that treated with exosomes isolated from C33A and C33A-E6 cells after interfering HSP70 expression were detected by ELISA. C33A cells were co-cultured with exosome-treated THP-1 cells to evaluate the changes in cell proliferation with CCK-8 method. The invasion and migration of C33A cells were assessed by Transwell assay.Results:Compared with the C33A cells, the expression of HSP70 at mRNA level in C33A-E6 cells was significantly increased ( P<0.05), but no significant change was observed at the protein level ( P>0.05). No significant difference in the degradation rate of HSP70 at mRNA or protein level was detected between C33A and C33A-E6 groups after treating with ActD and CHX for different times, but the concentration of HSP70 in exosomes was significantly increased in the C33A-E6 group ( P<0.001). The exosomes secreted by C33A-E6 cells could enhance the secretion of IL-6, TNF-α and IL-10 by THP-1 cells ( P<0.001), and the THP-1 cells treated with the exosomes could promote the proliferation, migration and invasion of C33A cells ( P<0.001). However, interfering the expression of HSP70 in C33A-E6 cells could significantly reduce the secretion of IL-6 and IL-10 by exosome-treated THP-1 cells, and inhibit the THP-1 cell-induced proliferation, migration and invasion of C33A cells ( P<0.001). Conclusions:High-risk HPV 16 E6 protein upregulated the level of HSP70 in the exosomes secreted by cervical cancer cells, thereby promoting the secretion of IL-6 and IL-10 by macrophages and enhancing the macrophage-induced proliferation, migration and invasion of cervical cancer cells.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777243

ABSTRACT

Acupoint medicated catgut embedding therapy is a new type of acupuncture combined with medicine,which has great potential in the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases. This paper describes the clinical application of acupoint medicated catgut embedding in the treatment of common disease, medicated thread productionmethods and acupoints selection.To analyze the problems of the unclear mechanism, the lack of standardization of medicated thread production, the lag of the embedding tool, and the unclear adverse reaction. It is expected to promote the further development of acupoint medicated catgut embedding therapy by strengthening the mechanism of action, optimizing medicated catgut thread, rational design experiments, standardizing medicated thread production, innovating embedding tools, rational formulation, and optimizing acupoint selection.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Catgut , Combined Modality Therapy , Humans
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776881

ABSTRACT

The anti-inflammatory active ingredients of Zhi-Shi-Zhi-Zi-Chi-Tang (ZSZZCT), a traditional Chinese medicine formula, were predicted and identified using an approach based on activity index, LC-MS, semi-preparative LC and NMR. Firstly, the whole extract of ZSZZCT was analyzed using liquid chromatography-quadrupole time of flight-mass spectrometry (LC-Q-TOF-MS) and liquid chromatography - ion trap mass spectrometry (LC-IT-MS), 79 constituents were detected and 39 constituents were identified unambiguously or tentatively. Subsequently, the whole extract of the formula was separated into multiple components and the activity index method was used to calculate index values of the 79 constituents by integrating the chemical and pharmacological information of multiple components. Four polymethoxyl flavones were predicted as the major active constituents according to the activity index values. Furthermore, three polymethoxyl flavones were prepared using the strategy with semi-preparative LC guided by LC-MS, and their anti-inflammatory activities were validated. The results show that three polymethoxyl flavones with higher positive index values, i.e., 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 3', 4'-heptamethoxyflavone, 3-hydroxynobiletein and tangeretin had significant anti-inflammatory effects. In conclusion, the predicted results indicated that the activity index method is feasible for the accurate prediction of active constituents in TCM formulae.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Flavones , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Lipopolysaccharides , Toxicity , Macrophages , Metabolism , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Mice , Molecular Structure , Nitric Oxide , Metabolism , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798375

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer is one of the common diseases among women. It is a malignant tumor with a variety of complex mechanisms. Its pathogenesis has not been clearly studied. Physical, chemical and surgical treatments often cause vomiting, nausea, dizziness and headache for women. As compared with traditional treatment, Chinese medicine is characterized by multiple targets, small side effect and good effect in treating breast cancer. In this paper, 85 kinds of Chinese herbal medicines that can treat breast cancer were included. Among them, 69 kinds of Chinese herbal medicines have been included in the 2015 edition of the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, and 16 kinds of Chinese herbal medicines have not been included. The main medicinal ingredients in these Chinese herbal medicines for treatment of breast cancer were alkaloids, glycosides, phenols, terpenes, carbohydrates, volatile oils, coumarins and so on. In addition, these herbal medicines were classified according to their effects in breast cancer. Then, combined with the recent studies at home and abroad, this paper summarized the effect of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) on breast cancer, including the reversal of multi-drug resistance, the inhibition of metastasis and proliferation, the induction of tumor cell apoptosis, and the arrest of the cell cycle for breast cancer. This paper also explained three pathways for treating breast cancer by TCM, including intervening the tumor cell related apoptosis gene to inhibit breast cancer, inhibiting the expression of P-glycoprotein in the cell membrane to reverse the multi-drug resistance of breast cancer cells, and regulating the related epithelial mesenchymal transition signal pathway to prevent breast cancer cells metastasis and proliferation. In the end, it was concluded that Chinese medicine can reduce the drug resistance and metastasis of breast cancer cells, block the cell cycle of breast cancer cells, and also intervene the expression of apoptotic factors to promote the death of breast cancer cells. The inhibition of breast cancer by Chinese medicine was the result of the common effect of various ingredients. Therefore, Chinese medicine treatment for breast cancer has the unparalleled advantages as compared with chemical and surgical treatment. Chinese medicine is one of our important means to overcome breast cancer.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-850675

ABSTRACT

Objective: Using network pharmacology and molecular docking technology along with scutellarein (SE) as a reference, this study predicted the anti-cerebral ischemia targets of both baicalein (BE) and genipin (GE). It is hoped that these will provide a reference for clinical prevention and development of ischemic diseases. Methods: SE, BE and GE targets were predicted using TCMSP, Swiss Target Prediction, Stitch database search and literature mining methods. Targets related to cerebral ischemia diseases could be predicted by DisGeNET, CTD, NCBI Gene, OMIM, DrugBank and PharmGkb databases. Cytoscape 3.3.0 was used to construct the small molecule-target network. GO function enrichment and KEGG pathway analysis of SE, BE and GE specific anti-cerebral ischemia targets were analyzed with the DAVID database. Autodock Vina software was used for molecular docking, testing the binding energy of BE, GE and SE to targets of cerebral ischemia. The optimal target protein was selected according to the binding energy and inhibition concentration of receptor and ligand. Results: A total of 30 potential targets of SE, 59 potential targets of BE and 35 potential targets of GE were found. Common anti-cerebral ischemia targets of SE and BE were PIK3CG, CYP1A2, VEGFA, ALOX5 and PTGS2, while common anti-cerebral ischemia targets of SE and GE were PTGS2. Molecular docking results demonstrated that the binding energy and inhibitory concentration of receptor PTGS2 to the three drugs were relatively low. Enrichment of GO function showed that common targets of BE-SE were mainly distributed in cytoplasm, organelle membrane, endoplasmic reticulum and other elements. These elements had binding functions with metal ions and cations, catalytic and oxidoreductase activities, and they participated in cell lipid, carboxylic acid, oxygenic acid, organic acid metabolism and fatty acid synthesis. Results: of the KEGG analysis demonstrated that receptor PTGS2 mainly acted on the arachidonic acid metabolism pathway and the vascular endothelial growth factor signaling pathway. A combination of BE and GE functioned in the treatment of cerebral ischemia disease by inhibiting expression of PTGS2 (COX-2) and vascular endothelial growth factor protein, thus reducing brain injury caused by inflammatory factors and improving the permeability of the blood brain barrier (BBB). Conclusion: This study predicted potential targets of BE and GE compatibility in the treatment of cerebral ischemia diseases and preliminarily verified mechanisms of action in the treatment of cerebral ischemia diseases. It provides valuable data for further study into the mechanisms of BE and GE compatibility for the treatment of cerebral ischemia as well as developing a basis for the next synthesis of new derivatives.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698738

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Human neuronal calcium sensor-1 (NCS-1) protein with a high charge is extremely sensitive to solution temperature, but whether the change of ion concentration in the solution can change the protein structure and affect the physiological function has not been reported. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the molecular mechanism of variations of sodium chloride concentration altering conformational dynamics of human NCS-1. METHODS: Through molecular dynamics simulation, the first two minimum energy models (PDB id: 2LCP) were utilized as the starting states of each independent molecular dynamics simulation of the human NCS-1 protein. After energy minimization, two different initial structures were used to conduct three independent 500 ns molecular dynamics simulations with explicit solvent for human NCS-1 protein at 0.1, 0.3 and 1 mol/L sodium chloride concentration. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The slightly high concentration of sodium chloride increased the flexibility of loop L2, simultaneously expanded the global and local structure of NCS-1 protein. Increase in sodium chloride concentration induced loop L3 to adopt a collapsed state and reduced the connectivity between the starting and ending residues of loop L3. N-domain and C-domain interdomain correlation was weakened and the intradomain coupling strengthened. Formation number and the probability of the salt bridges were reduced dramatically, especially at 0.3 mol/L sodium chloride. These findings manifest that human NCS-1 protein is sensitive to the small variation of sodium chloride concentration, which may alter the key factors on protein conformation. Our study may provide the theoretical reference at the atomic structural insights for probing the conformational variations of human NCS-1 protein at the different aqueous solutions.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695733

ABSTRACT

Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is a relatively new technique that can measure the hemoglobin changes in brain tissue. Depending on the absorption for different wavelength, relative changes in the concentration of hemoglobin in brain can be measured, obtaining the hemodynamic characteristics of brain to understand the brain functional state in real-time. Compared with other neuroimaging techniques, it has some advantages and has been used in psychiatry rapidly. Schizophrenia is one of the most common mental disorders, researches on its pathogenesis have focused on collection of structural and functional alteration in brain. Existing techniques can provide only indirect evidence, while fNIRS can perform brain function monitoring in real-time. A number of studies have suggested that fNIRS signal could be used as a biomarker for schizophrenia identification and adjuvant diagnosis. This paper reviewed the research progress in the application of fNIRS in schizophrenia.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691396

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of total flavone of haw leaves (TFHL) on the expression of nuclear factor erythroid-2 related factor (Nrf2) and other related factors in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) rats induced by high-fat diet and then to further discuss the mechanism of TFHL's prevention against NASH.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>High-fat diet was fed to 40 rats to establish the NASH model. Then model rats were intragastrically administrated with 40, 80, 160 mg/(kg•day) TFHL, respectively. The pathological changes of liver tissues in NASH rats were detected by oil red O and hematoxylin-eosin (HE) stainings. The expression of Nrf2 in rat liver was examined through immunohistochemistry. The level of 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α in serum was detected through enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The mRNA and protein levels of Nrf2 and other related factors in liver tissue were measured by real-time reverse transcriptionpolymerase chain reaction and western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Lipid deposition, hepatic steatosis, focal necrosis in lobular inflammation and ballooning degeneration were emerged in livers of NASH rats. The 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α in the serum of NASH rats increased significantly compared with the control group (P<0.05). The mRNA of Nrf2, hemeoxyenase1 (HO-1) and the mRNA and protein levels of quinine oxidoreductase (NQO1) in NASH rats liver tissue showed a striking increase, while the mRNA levels of Keap1, r-glutamylcysteine synthethase (rGCS) and glutathione S-transferase (GST) were significantly decreased compared with the control group (P<0.05). After TFHL treatment, 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α level in serum significantly decreased, and Nrf2 mRNA and protein levels in hepatocytes nucleus enhanced compared with the model group (P<0.05 or 0.01). Meanwhile the Keap1 mRNA, the mRNA and protein levels of HO-1, NQO1 antibody, rGCS antibody, GST increased after TFHL treatment (P<0.05 or 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Nrf2 and other related factors were involved in development of NASH, and they also served as an important part in its occurrence. By regulating expression of Nrf2 and other related factors, TFHL may play a role in antioxidative stress and prevention of NASH.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Nucleus , Metabolism , Crataegus , Chemistry , Dinoprost , Metabolism , Flavones , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Lipids , Chemistry , Liver , Metabolism , Pathology , NF-E2-Related Factor 2 , Genetics , Metabolism , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Pathology , Phytotherapy , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2216-2225, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690242

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>A comprehensive review of the network regulation of exosomes and microRNAs (miRNAs) in neurodegenerative diseases was done, centering on the mechanism of the formation of exosomes and miRNAs and the sorting mechanism of exosomal miRNAs, with the aim to provide a theoretical basis in the search of biomarkers and the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases.</p><p><b>Data Sources</b>The comprehensive search used online literature databases including NCBI PubMed, Web of Science, Google Scholar, and Baidu Scholar.</p><p><b>Study Selection</b>The study selection was based on the following keywords: exosomes, miRNAs, central nervous system (CNS), and neurodegenerative diseases. The time limit for literature retrieval was from the year 2000 to 2018, with language restriction in English. Relevant articles were carefully reviewed, with no exclusions applied to study design and publication type.</p><p><b>Results</b>Exosomes are the smallest nanoscale membranous microvesicles secreted by cells and contain important miRNAs, among other rich contents. In the CNS, exosomes can transport amyloid β-protein, α-synuclein, Huntington-associated protein 1, and superoxide dismutase I to other cells. These events relieve the abnormal accumulation of proteins and aggravating neurological diseases. In some neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, miRNAs are pathologically altered as an inexorable course, suggesting that miRNAs may contribute neurodegeneration. Exosomes and miRNAs form a network to regulate the homeostasis of the CNS, both synergistically and individually.</p><p><b>Conclusion</b>The network of exosomes and miRNAs that regulates CNS homeostasis is a promising biomarker for the diagnosis and treatment of neurodegenerative diseases.</p>


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Amyloid beta-Peptides , Exosomes , Humans , MicroRNAs , Neurodegenerative Diseases , Genetics , Metabolism
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690120

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) on insulin sensitivity in neonates and the relationship between insulin sensitivity and plasma adiponectin level.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighty-two term neonates with IUGR and 90 term neonates born appropriate for gestational age (AGA) were enrolled. Weight, height, head circumference and abdomen circumference of the neonates were measured within 24 hours after birth. Fasting serum glucose (FG), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), plasma insulin and adiponectin were detected in two groups on the 7th day after birth. Homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) index and insulin sensitivity index (ISI) were calculated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no significant differences in the levels of FG, TG, HDL and LDL between the IUGR and AGA groups (P>0.05). The plasma insulin level in the IUGR group was higher than that in the AGA group, but the plasma adiponectin level was lower than that in the AGA group (P<0.05). HOMA-IR index in the IUGR group was higher than that in the AGA group, but ISI was lower than that in the AGA group (P<0.05). Both Pearson correlation analysis and multiple linear regression analysis showed HOMA-IR index was negatively correlated with plasma adiponectin level and birth weight (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The neonates with IUGR display a higher plasma insulin level and decreased insulin sensitivity. The decreased plasma adiponectin level may be associated with the decreased insulin sensitivity.</p>

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705368

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE Based on the methods of microdialysis,HPLC-MS/MS and gene chip tech-nology,the mechanism of Baicalin and Geniposide(BC/GP)against excitatory amino acid toxicity in ce-rebral ischemia was studied. This will provide guidance for the clinical application of BC/GP and the study of excitatory amino acid toxicity in cerebral ischemia.METHODS (1)Microdialysis technique and HPLC-MS/MS was performed to study the pharmacodynamics of BC/GP against cerebral ischemia. ①18 SD rats with body weight of(280±20)g were randomly divided into control group,treatment groups with BC/CP at low dose,medium dose and high dose(equal to the dosage of crude drugs for 30 mg·kg-1, 45 mg·kg-1and 60 mg·kg-1respectively).Rats in each group were given intragastric administration for seven days to establish cerebral ischemia model. Then, microdialysis probe was applied to collect cerebrospinal fluid from hippocampus before and after cerebral ischemia. ② First, we established the HPLC-MS/MS method for measuring drugs and excitatory amino acids.Then we detected the microdi-alysis samples and observed their changes in animals.(2)The mechanism of BC/GP against excitatory toxicity of cerebral ischemia were observed at gene level by chip technique. ① 16 SD rats with body weight of 240±20 g were randomly divided into sham group, model group, treatment group of BC(60 mg·kg-1),treatment group of GP(60 mg·kg-1)and treatment group of BC/GP(7:3)(60 mg·kg-1).Rats in eachgroup were given intragastric administration for seven days to establish cerebral ischemia model. Then the rats were sacrificed,and the hippocampus were rapidly harvested and stored at-80℃for further detection. ②After the quality inspection of the hippocampal,the qualified samples were subjected to detect the levels of neurotransmitter receptor gene in the ischemic of rats by gene chip technology.Finally,the results were analyzed by the method of Δ ΔCt.RESULTS (1)Only three compounds includ-ed GP,glutamic acid and aspartic acid were detected in microdialysis samples by HPLC-MS/MS.The concentration of GP increased and lasted for 120 min with a significant dose-dependent after cerebral ischemia.Compared with low dose group,the AUC(0-t),MRT(0-∞),Cmaxand t1/2zin high-dose group showed significant difference(P<0.01).Compared with the model group,the levels of glutamic acid and aspartic acid in the treatment groups decreased significantly,especially in the middle and high dose groups.(2) 89 genes in the neurotransmitter receptor gene signaling pathway were detected by gene chip technol-ogy. There were 22 genes with |Fold Regulation|>1.5 in the model group, compared with the sham group.Five of the 22 genes showed statistically significant differences,including Grin2c(2.9026),Chrna7 (-1.5877), and Tacr2 (-1.7695). Htr3a (-1.8172) and Grm6 (-2.3527). There were 5 genes with |Fold Regulation|>1.5 in the BC group, compared with the model group, Two of them exhibited statistically significant differences,including Brs3(1.797)and Grin2c(-1.7979).There were 14 genes with|Fold Reg-ulation|>1.5 in the GP group, compared with the model group. Three of them displayed statistically significant differences,including Hcrtr2 (-1.6584), Sctr (-3.8524) and Grin2c (-4.8408). Compared with model group, the genes of |Fold Regulation|>1.5 in BC/GP (7:3) group are 5, and only one of them showed a significant differences. CONCLUSION (1)After administration of BC and GP,GP can cross the blood-brain barrier and reduce the release of excitatory amino acids in the hippocampus. (2) BC/GP can inhibit the interaction between excitatory amino acids and excitatory amino acid receptors and attenuate the toxicity of excitatory amino acids by down-regulating the expression of glutamic acid receptor Grin2c gene.(3)BC/GP may exert their brain protection effect by reducing the release of excit-atory amino acids and inhibiting the expression of excitatory amino acid receptors.

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