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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883041

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of group sandbox game intervention on emotional state and coping style in patients with gastric cancer.Methods:A total of 92 patients with gastric cancer treated with chemotherapy in the First People′s Hospital of Lianyungang from March 2018 to March 2019 were selected by convenient sampling method, they were divided into two groups according to admission time, 46 patients in the control group received conventional care after chemotherapy, and 46 patients in the observation group received group sandplay therapy for three months which was performed after chemotherapy. The Distress Thermometer(DT), Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD), Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA), Medical Copingmodes Questionnaire (MCMQ) were used to assess the emotional status and coping style of the patients before and after intervention.Results:After intervention, the DT, HAMA and HAMD scores of the observation group were 2.26±2.09, 13.52±2.50 and 16.47±3.61 respectively, and the DT, HAMA and HAMD scores of the control group were 3.36±2.23 and 20.85±4.53, 23.63±4.82, respectively. The DT, HAMA, HAMD scores in observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( t value was 2.441, 9.608, 8.064, P<0.05). The dimensional score of the MCMQ measurement surface of the observation group after intervention was 18.35±3.19, and 14.25±3.04 in the control group. MCMQ scale escape and yield dimension scores in the observation group were 15.26±3.14, 10.24±2.56, and 17.81±2.59 and 12.84±2.64 in the control group. After the intervention, the observation group′s MCMQ surface score was higher than the control group, and the escape and yield dimension score was lower than that of the control group ( t value was 6.311, 4.249, 4.795, P<0.05). Conclusions:Group sandplay therapy can relieve negative emotion in patients with gastric cancer undergoing chemotherapy, and improve their coping style.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882401

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between the location and volume of cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) and lacunar infarction (LI) in patients with cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD).Methods:Participants from the CSVD cohort in the Department of Neurology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, the Affiliated Hospital of Medical School of Nanjing University from February 2017 to March 2019 were enrolled retrospectively. All participants underwent magnetic resonance imaging scans, standardized clinical assessment and diagnosis. AccuBrain, an automatic brain segmentation and quantification software developed by the Chinese University of Hong Kong, was used to quantitatively analyze the volume of CMBs and white matter hyperintensities (WMHs). Ordered multi-class logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent influencing factors of LI, and then multiple linear regression analysis was used to investigate the correlation between the volume of deep or infratentorial CMBs (DI-CMBs) and the number of LI. Results:A total of 317 patients with CSVD were included in the analysis, including 214 (67.5%) in the non-LI group, 43 (13.6%) in the single LI group, and 60 (18.9%) in the multiple LI group. The comparison of the three groups showed that older age, male, smoking, drinking, history of previous stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA), lower levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, larger CMBs and WMHs volume, higher enlarged perivascular spaces (EPVS) grade might be the risk factors for LI. Ordinal multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that male (odds ratio [ OR] 2.058, 95% confidence interval [ CI] 1.084-3.909; P=0.027), previous stroke or TIA history ( OR 1.962, 95% CI 1.089-3.535; P=0.025), larger WMH volume ( OR 8.716, 95% CI 4.034-18.832; P<0.001), higher EPVS grade ( OR 1.915, 95% CI 1.292-2.839; P=0.001), larger DI-CMB volume ( OR 1.022, 95% CI 1.006-1.038; P=0.008) or more DI-CMB number ( OR 1.187, 95% CI 1.005-1.403; P=0.044) were the independent related factors of LI. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that there was a significant correlation between the volume of DI-CMB and the number of LI ( r=0.330, P<0.001). Conclusion:In patients with CSVD, there is a significant correlation between DI-CMBs and LI.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905843

ABSTRACT

Objective:To screen out stable internal reference genes suitable for real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR) analysis of different parts of<italic> Cinnamomum cassia</italic> and <italic>C. cassia</italic> var. <italic>macrophyllum</italic>,in order to provide stable internal reference genes for gene expression analysis of three different parts of and <italic>C. cassia</italic> var.<italic> macrophyllum</italic> branches and leaves. Method:With 6 different tissues and organs, such as bark,branches and leaves of two plants of <italic>C. cassia</italic> and <italic>C. cassia</italic> var. <italic>macrophyllum</italic> as experimental materials,Real-time PCR technology was used to detect the five internal reference genes, namely glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase(GAPDH),actin,ubiquitin-ligase enzymes(UBE),histone and tubin(TUB). The analysis of the expression of the data. Furthermore, three commonly used internal reference gene analysis software,namely geNorm,NormFinder and BestKeeper,was used to analyze and evaluate the stability of the candidate internal reference gene. Result:The internal five reference genes were expressed in the bark,branches and leaves of the two plants,but with differences in stability. Comprehensive analysis showed that the expression stability of candidate internal reference genes was in the order of GAPDH>actin>UBE>histone>TUB. The internal reference genes of the two plants were analyzed separately,and the optimal internal reference gene was still GAPDH,indicating that GAPDH was the most suitable internal reference gene. TUB and histone ranked low in the three software,and should be eliminated in the screening of reference genes. They were not suitable for gene expression analysis of <italic>C. cassia </italic>and <italic>C. cassia</italic> var. <italic>macrophyllum</italic>. Conclusion:The most suitable internal reference gene for different parts of cinnamon,branches,and leaves of <italic>C. cassia</italic> and <italic>C. cassia</italic> var. <italic>macrophyllum</italic> was GAPDH. In this study,a screening system for internal reference genes of Real-time PCR of <italic>C. cassia</italic> and <italic>C. cassia</italic> var. <italic>macrophyllum</italic> was established to provide theoretical basis for studying functional regulation and expression of genes during the accumulation of effective components in different parts.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891440

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose The rate of donepezil discontinuation and the underlying reasons for discontinuation in Asian patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) are currently unknown. We aimed to determine the treatment discontinuation rates in AD patients who had newly been prescribed donepezil in routine clinical practice in Asia. @*Methods@#This 1-year observational study involved 38 institutions in seven Asian countries, and it evaluated 398 participants aged 50–90 years with a diagnosis of probable AD and on newly prescribed donepezil monotherapy. The primary endpoint was the rate of donepezil discontinuation over 1 year. Secondary endpoints included the reason for discontinuation,treatment duration, changes in cognitive function over the 1-year study period, and compliance as assessed using a clinician rating scale (CRS) and visual analog scale (VAS). @*Results@#Donepezil was discontinued in 83 (20.9%) patients, most commonly due to an adverse event (43.4%). The mean treatment duration was 103.67 days in patients who discontinued. Among patients whose cognitive function was assessed at baseline and 1 year, there were no significant changes in scores on the Mini-Mental State Examination, Montreal Cognitive Assessment, and Trail-Making Test–Black and White scores, whereas the Clinical Dementia Rating score increased significantly (p<0.001). Treatment compliance at 1 year was 96.8% (306/316) on the CRS and 92.6±14.1% (mean±standard deviation) on the VAS. @*Conclusions@#In patients on newly prescribed donepezil, the primary reason for discontinuation was an adverse event. Cognitive assessments revealed no significant worsening at 1 year, indicating that continuous donepezil treatment contributes to the maintenance of cognitive function.

5.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 903-918, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909426

ABSTRACT

Enteral nutrition plays an irreplaceable role in the nutritional treatment of critically ill patients. In order to help clinical medical staff to manage the common complications during the implementations of enteral nutrition for critically ill patients, the consensus writing team carried out literature retrieval, literature quality evaluation, evidence synthesis. Several topics such as diarrhea, aspiration, high gastric residual volume, abdominal distension, etc. were assessed by evidence-based methodology and Delphi method. After two rounds of expert investigations, Expert consensus on prevention and management of enteral nutrition therapy complications for critically ill patients in China (2021 edition) developed, and provided guidance for clinical medical staff.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907385

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictors of early neurological deterioration (END) in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) based on the Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project (OCSP) classification system.Methods:Patients with AIS admitted to the Department of Neurology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, the Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School from February 2018 to November 2020 were enrolled retrospectively. According to the OCSP criteria, the patients were classified into total anterior circulation infarct (TACI), partial anterior circulation infarct (PACI), posterior circulation infarct (POCI), and lacunar infarct (LACI). END was defined as the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) total score within 72 h after onset increased by ≥2 or motor function score increased by ≥1 compared with the baseline. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent risk factors for END in AIS patients with different OCSP types. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the predictive value of each index for END in AIS patients with different OCSP types. Results:A total of 405 patients with AIS were enrolled. Their age was 68.84±12.27 years, and 250 were males (61.7%); 132 patients (32.6%) were in the TACI group, 108 (26.7%) were in the PACI group, 61 (15.1%) were in the POCI group, and 104 (25.7%) were in the LACI group. END occurred in 136 patients (33.6%). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that homocysteine (Hcy) (odds ratio [ OR] 1.065, 95% confidence interval [ CI] 1.012-1.212; P=0.015), baseline NIHSS score ( OR 1.209, 95% CI 1.095-1.335; P<0.001) and the time from onset to admission ( OR 1.663, 95% CI 1.282-2.082; P<0.001) were significantly and independently correlated with END in the TACI group. Hcy ( OR 1.137, 95% CI 1.040-1.244; P=0.005), fasting blood glucose ( OR 1.714, 95% CI 1.272-2.311; P<0.001), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) ( OR 1.370, 95% CI 1.016-1.848; P=0.039) and the time from onset to admission ( OR 1.266, 95% CI 1.056-1.519; P=0.011) were significantly and independently correlated with END in the PACI group. NLR ( OR 1.446, 95% CI 1.031-2.027; P=0.033) was significantly and independently correlated with END in the POCI group. Fasting blood glucose ( OR 1.301, 95% CI 1.006-1.683; P=0.045), NLR ( OR 1.393, 95% CI 1.025-1.894; P=0.034) and the time from onset to admission ( OR 1.171, 95% CI 1.008-1.361; P=0.039) were significantly and independently correlated with END in the LACI group. ROC curve analysis showed that the areas under the curve (AUC) of Hcy and baseline NIHSS score for predicting END in the TACI group were 0.617 (95% CI 0.521-0.713; P=0.021) and 0.784 (95% CI 0.706-0.862; P<0.001). The optimal cut-off values were 15.91 μmol/L and 19.5 points, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity were 63.7% and 85.2%, 62.0% and 86.9%, respectively. The AUC of Hcy, fasting blood glucose and NLR for predicting END in the PACI group were 0.672 (95% CI 0.548-0.797; P=0.005), 0.794 (95% CI 0.697-0.891; P<0.001) and 0.674 (95% CI 0.560-0.788; P=0.005), respectively. The optimal cut-off values were 15.2 μmol/L, 6.85 mmol/L, and 3.71, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity were 61.3% and 77.9%, 80.6% and 72.8%, 67.7% and 79.4%, respectively. The AUC of NLR for predicting END in the POCI group was 0.850 (95% CI 0.735-0.964; P<0.001). The optimal cut-off value was 5.2. The sensitivity and specificity were 84.2% and 81.4% respectively. The AUC of fasting blood glucose and NLR for predicting END in the LACI group were 0.728 (95% CI 0.614-0.842; P<0.001) and 0.731 (95% CI 0.614-0.842; P<0.001), respectively. The optimal cut-off values were 5.44 mmol/L and 2.71 respectively. The sensitivity and specificity were 80.0% and 62.7%, 76.0% and 79.2%, respectively. Conclusion:The predictors of END in AIS patients with different OCSP types are different.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906157

ABSTRACT

Objective:DNA barcodes suitable for Lauraceae plants were screened,and 22 Lauraceae plants were identified and classified. Method:The DNA of 22 species of Lauraceae was extracted and amplified by polymerase chain reaction(PCR) with different DNA barcoding primers,followed by electrophoresis and sequencing. Codon Code Aligner was used to proofread,splice, and remove the forward and reverse primer sequences. The sequence was imported into DNAMAN for multiple sequence alignment,and the base mutation sites were analyzed. The Kimura 2-Parameter(K2P) distance of different plants was calculated by MEGA,and the variation degree was analyzed according to the genetic distance. The phylogenetic tree was constructed based on the adjacency method. Result:Three pairs of DNA barcoding primers were used to amplify and sequence the DNA of 22 species of Lauraceae,and 20 species were identified by comparing the specific base sites of gene sequences<bold>.</bold> Conclusion:Four <italic>Litsea</italic> plants could be identified by <italic>matK</italic>, three <italic>Phoebe</italic> plants except for<italic> Cinnamomum validinerve </italic>by<italic> rbcL</italic>, and 20 Lauraceae plants by the combination of<italic> matK</italic>, <italic>rbcL</italic>, and <italic>rpoB</italic>,which provided a theoretical basis for the identification and development of Lauraceae plants. Among them,<italic>matK</italic> was predominant in the identification of Lauraceae plants,and the results also showed that the combination of sequences for plant identification could achieve a better result in DNA barcoding. This study investigated the genetic relationship between Lauraceae plants at the molecular level,aiming at providing a basis for the investigation,cultivation,development,protection, and utilization of medicinal plant resources.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899144

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose The rate of donepezil discontinuation and the underlying reasons for discontinuation in Asian patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) are currently unknown. We aimed to determine the treatment discontinuation rates in AD patients who had newly been prescribed donepezil in routine clinical practice in Asia. @*Methods@#This 1-year observational study involved 38 institutions in seven Asian countries, and it evaluated 398 participants aged 50–90 years with a diagnosis of probable AD and on newly prescribed donepezil monotherapy. The primary endpoint was the rate of donepezil discontinuation over 1 year. Secondary endpoints included the reason for discontinuation,treatment duration, changes in cognitive function over the 1-year study period, and compliance as assessed using a clinician rating scale (CRS) and visual analog scale (VAS). @*Results@#Donepezil was discontinued in 83 (20.9%) patients, most commonly due to an adverse event (43.4%). The mean treatment duration was 103.67 days in patients who discontinued. Among patients whose cognitive function was assessed at baseline and 1 year, there were no significant changes in scores on the Mini-Mental State Examination, Montreal Cognitive Assessment, and Trail-Making Test–Black and White scores, whereas the Clinical Dementia Rating score increased significantly (p<0.001). Treatment compliance at 1 year was 96.8% (306/316) on the CRS and 92.6±14.1% (mean±standard deviation) on the VAS. @*Conclusions@#In patients on newly prescribed donepezil, the primary reason for discontinuation was an adverse event. Cognitive assessments revealed no significant worsening at 1 year, indicating that continuous donepezil treatment contributes to the maintenance of cognitive function.

9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1831-1836, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922343

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the safety and efficacy of BUCY (busulfan and cyclophosphamide) conditioning regimen for autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in patients with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 72 MM patients received transplantation in the Hematology Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from May 2012 to June 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 36 patients received BUCY conditioning regimen while the others received high-dose melphalan (HDM) conditioning regimen. The complication, post-transplantation hematopoietic reconstitution and efficacy between the two groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in sex, age, isotype, stage, induction therapy, mobilization method and proportion of conditioning regimen with Bortezomib between the two groups. The median time of neutrophil engraftment for the patients in BUCY and HDM groups was 10 (8-17) and 10 (9-13) d (P=0.046), and the median time of platelet engraftment was 10 (8-18) and 11 (9-47) d (P=0.017), respectively. The transplant related mortality of the patients in both groups was 2.7%. The CR rates of the patients after ASCT (38.9% and 50.0%) were higher than those before ASCT (27.8% and 19.4%) in the two groups. For the patients in BUCY group, the median follow-up time was 45 (0-61) months. Fifteen patients (41.7%) achieved disease progression. While for the patients in HDM group, the median follow-up time was 52(0-75) months. Twenty-two patients (61.1%) achieved disease progression.@*CONCLUSION@#The BUCY conditioning regimen is a safe and effective therapy for ASCT in patients with MM. Besides, in terms of safety and efficacy, BUCY regimen is not inferior to HDM regimen. BUCY regimen may replace HDM regimen as a standard conditioning regimen for ASCT in MM.


Subject(s)
Busulfan , Cyclophosphamide , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Multiple Myeloma/therapy , Retrospective Studies
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922123

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The side effects of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) and myelosuppression reduce the cancer patients' adherence to chemotherapy. Many Chinese patients choose Chinese medicine (CM) during chemotherapy to reduce side effects; however, the evidence is lacking. The efficacy of a CM herbal treatment protocol, Jianpi Bushen Sequential Formula (, JBSF) will be evaluated on chemotherapy completion rate among patients with colon cancer.@*METHODS@#A multi-center double-blind randomized controlled trial (RCT) will be conducted on 400 patients with colon cancer who will receive 8 cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy with oxaliplatin and capecitabine (CAPEOX). Patients will be randomized 1:1 to receive the JBSF or placebo formula. The primary outcome is the overall chemotherapy completion rate. The secondary outcomes include individual chemotherapy completion rate, 4-cycle completion rate of chemotherapy, time to treatment failure, relative dose intensity and treatment toxicity. Follow-up visits will be scheduled before every and after last chemotherapy.@*DISCUSSION@#This study will provide evidence on whether JBSF can improve the chemotherapy completion rate and reduce side effects among patients with colon cancer. (Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, No. NCT03716518).


Subject(s)
Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Colonic Neoplasms/drug therapy , Double-Blind Method , Humans , Multicenter Studies as Topic , Nausea , Quality of Life , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Treatment Outcome , Vomiting
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922053

ABSTRACT

Ultrasound guided needle biopsy or catheterization is a rising operation in clinical diagnosis and treatment. However, poor visualization under ultrasound is the main disadvantage of this technique. This paper summarized the basic methods used to solve such problem, as well as the corresponding product technical requirements.


Subject(s)
Catheters , Needles , Ultrasonics , Ultrasonography , Ultrasonography, Interventional
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888667

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most common cause of cancer-related deaths and has the third highest incidence in the world. Almost half of the patients with CRC have metastases at the time of diagnosis. However, the treatment for patients with metastatic CRC that progresses after approved conventional chemotherapy is still controversial. Chinese medicine (CM) has unique characteristics and advantages in treating metastatic CRC.@*OBJECTIVE@#To assess the effectiveness and safety of CM in patients with metastatic CRC after failure of conventional chemotherapy.@*METHODS@#The study is a multicenter prospective cohort study. A total of 384 patients with documented metastatic CRC after failure of conventional chemotherapy will be included from 9 hospitals among Beijing, Shanghai, Nanjing, and Guizhou, and assigned to three groups according to paitents' wishes: (1) integrated Chinese and Western medicine (ICM) group receiving CM herbal treatment combined with Western medicine (WM) anti-tumor therapy, (2) Chinese medicine (CM) group receiving only CM herbal treatment, and (3) WM group receiving only WM anti-tumor therapy. The primary endpoint is the overall survival (OS). Secondary endpoints include the progression free survival (PFS), quality of life (QOL) assessed by the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Colorectal (FACT-C) questionnaire, tumor control, and CM symptom score.@*DISCUSSION@#This prospective study will assess the effectiveness and safety of CM in treating metastatic CRC after conventional chemotherapy failure. Patients in the ICM group will be compared with those in the WM group and CM group. If certified to be effective, national provision of CM treatment in metastatic CRC will probably be advised. (Registration No. NCT02923622 on ClinicalTrials.gov).

13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1187-1194, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888537

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of chidamide combined with anti-myeloma drugs on the proliferation and apoptosis of myeloma cells.@*METHODS@#The proliferation inhibition of the cells was detected by CCK-8 method, and flow cytometry was used to detected the apoptosis of the cells.@*RESULTS@#Chidamide could inhibit the proliferation of myeloma cells and promote the apoptosis of primary myeloma plasma cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner (P<0.05). In NCI-H929 cell line, chidamide combined with low-dose bortezomib and lenalidomide showed synergistic effect, while combined with dexamethasone and pomalidomide showed additive effect. In MM.1s cell line, chidamide combined with bortezomib, dexamethasone, lenalidomide and pomalidomide all showed synergistic effects.@*CONCLUSION@#Chidamide inhibits proliferation of myeloma cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner and promotes apoptosis of primary myeloma plasma cells. Furthermore, it can enhance the inhibitory effect of anti-myeloma drugs.


Subject(s)
Aminopyridines , Apoptosis , Benzamides , Bortezomib/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Pharmaceutical Preparations
14.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 208-211, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884869

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of iron sucrose combined with recombinant human erythropoietin(EPO)on perioperative anemia and early functional recovery in elderly patients with intertrochanteric fractures.Methods:A retrospective comparative analysis was performed on 78 elderly patients who received PFNA treatment for intertrochanteric fractures in our hospital from July 2016 to December 2018.In the observation group, 40 cases were treated with iron sucrose combined with erythropoietin during the perioperative period.No perioperative intervention measures were taken for the control group.Hemoglobin(Hb)levels at 1, 3, 5, 7 days and before discharge and Harris scores of hip joints before surgery, 2 weeks and 3 months after surgery were compared between the two groups.Results:Hb levels were higher in the observation group than in the control group at 5 d[(98.8±8.6 g/L vs.92.2±8.5 g/L, t=3.389, P=0.001)]and 7 d[(105.4±8.9)g/L vs.(94.8±8.5)g/L, t=5.370, P=0.000]after surgery and before discharge[(115.4±8.6)g/L vs.(100.6±8.2)g/L, t=7.771, P=0.000]. Harris scores were higher in the observation group than in the control group 3 months after surgery(82.4±3.8 vs.75.8±2.5, t=8.933, P=0.000). Pearson' s correlation analysis showed that Hb levels at 5d and 7d after surgery were positively correlated with Harris scores at 3 months after surgery.Hb levels before discharge had an effect on Harris scores at 3 months after surgery. Conclusions:The combined administration of iron sucrose and EPO perioperatively can promote postoperative Hb recovery, reduce the incidence of anemia, accelerate early functional recovery and improve the quality of life in elderly patients with intertrochanteric fractures.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879119

ABSTRACT

Classical Chinese patent medicines(CPMs) are a kind of modern preparation developed from the experience of compatibility and application about ancient prescriptions. Its rich history of human use and reliable clinical efficacy imply the unique theoretical essence and precious value of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM). With the development of evidence-based medicine and the improvement of medical policy, it is particularly urgent to evaluate the clinical values of post-marketing classical CPMs. In this paper, some problems on the clinical value evaluation of CPMs would be described, and it is considered that the simplified evaluation procedures can lead to the lack of evidence for evaluating clinical value of CPMs, causing the difficulty in evaluating the quality of CPM, lack of R&D motivation of enterprises, low content of science and technology, and poor international development. Based on this background, it points out that the clinical value evaluation is the core of the post-marketing evaluation of the classical CPMs, and the eva-luation should be based on the direction of literature research and the latest practice. We should adhere to the research mode of combination disease with syndrome, and select the appropriate type of trials, with clinical efficacy, health economic benefits and safety eva-luation as the main content of the studies, in order to refine the indications and standardize the clinical positioning. Clinical value eva-luation is the basis and main content of post-marketing comprehensive researches on classic and famous CPMs to clarify their clinical value, obtain the conditions for continued marketingand standardize their clinical application, so as to optimize the evidence and quality service of classic and famous CPMs and inherit the core value concept of Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Marketing , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905401

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the changes of electroencephalogram (EEG) before and after treatment in patients with post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI). Methods:From October, 2018 to April, 2019, twelve PSCI patients received cognitive training and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for six weeks. They were assessed with Mini-Mental State Examination, Montreal Cognitive Assessment and modified Barthel Index before and after treatment, while their closed-eye resting EEG were collected. Results:The scores of all the assessments improved after treatment (|t| > 3.507, P < 0.01); while alpha absolute power and alpha relative power increased (|t| > 2.522, P < 0.05), and brain symmetry index and DTABR decreased (t > 2.435, P < 0.05). Conclusion:The characteristics of EEG of PSCI patients changes with the recovery of cognitive function. Further research is needed about the relationship between EEG and cognitive function.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826698

ABSTRACT

The specific therapeutic regimen of Bell's palsy was proposed in association with the common refractory factors and the clinical experience of professor -. It is viewed that aging, absent intervention standard treatment at early stage, no prodromal symptoms and progressive onset are the refractory factors. Acupuncture at the local area is predominated in treatment. The different acupoint prescription regimens of acupuncture therapy are selected depending on muscle relaxation, muscle stiffness and specific accompanying symptoms, associated with electric stimulation, moxibustion and the tapping technique with plum-blossom needle so as to ensure the improvement of clinical therapeutic effect.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Bell Palsy , Therapeutics , Facial Paralysis , Therapeutics , Humans , Moxibustion
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873307

ABSTRACT

Objective::To investigate the effect and possible mechanism of Liuwei Dihuangtang on memory impairment in rats with chronic depression. Method::Female Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal group (normal saline), chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) model group (normal saline), and low, medium and high-dose Liuwei Dihuangtang groups (2.60, 7.81, 23.50 g·kg-1·d-1). Except for the normal group, all of the other groups were included in the chronic unpredictable mild stress model. Weight were measured every week, changes in their behavioral indicators were observed. The mRNA expressions of G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPR30), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(PI3K), cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element binding protein (CREB) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the rat hippocampus were determined by real-time fluorescence quantification polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). The concentration of serum estrogen was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method. Result::Compared with normal group, model group showed decreases in weight, activity and interest. Liuwei Dihuangtang (2.60, 7.81, 23.50 g·kg-1) significantly increased the sucrose preference of CUMS rats (P<0.01) and standing times in the open field test (P<0.01), doses of 7.81, 23.50 g·kg-1 significantly increased the total distance of the open field test (P<0.05, P<0.01), doses of 2.60, 7.81 g·kg-1 shortened the latency of water maze experiment (P<0.01), and dose of 7.81 g·kg-1 increased serum estrogen concentration (P<0.05). The mRNA expressions of GPR30, PI3K, CREB and BDNF in hippocampus of CUMS model group decreased significantly (P<0.05, P<0.01), but the mRNA expression levels of GPR30, CREB in hippocampus of 2.60 g·kg-1 dose Liuwei Dihuangtang group increased significantly (P<0.05, P<0.01), and the mRNA expression levels of GPR30, PI3K, CREB, BDNF in hippocampus of 7.81 g·kg-1 dose group increased significantly as well (P<0.05, P<0.01). Conclusion::Liuwei Dihuangtang has effect in resisting depression, and reversing depression-like behavior and learning and memory impairment in CUMS rats, with the best effect in the medium-dose Liuwei Dihuangtang group. Its mechanism may be related to increase of serum estrogen and mRNA expressions of GPR30, PI3K, CREB and BDNF in rat hippocampus.

19.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 531-539, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870840

ABSTRACT

Neuroimaging technique is an important auxiliary to the diagnosis of cerebrovascular disease. With the rapid development of new imaging equipment and its technology, how to use and analyze the results correctly is very important for precision diagnosis and treatment. From a clinical perspective, we introduce the principle, characteristics and significance of clinical application of imaging for cerebrovascular diseases. To help understand and correctly apply and analyze, associated images are available. At the same time, the application and significance of multimodal image are introduced.

20.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 241-243, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870806

ABSTRACT

In order to apply the new imaging technology to the clinic in time, Chinese Society of Neurology and Chinese Stroke Society updated the Chinese guidelines for the imaging application in cerebrovascular diseases. The application of non-contrast computerized tomography in prediction of early hematoma expansion, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in diagnosis and differential diagnosis of white matter lesions of presumed vascular origin, clinical application value of vessel wall MRI, susceptibility weighted imaging in early diagnosis of various bleeding and thrombus and so on are introduced in the updated guidelines. Some of the techniques with clinical application prospects, such as arterial spin labeling, are also introduced in the updated guidelines, aiming to keep pace with the times, keep updating, and better serve the clinic.

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