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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1980-1987, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887007

ABSTRACT

The objective of this work was to explore the content and composition of aristolochic acid compounds in Chinese medicinal materials containing toxic aristolochic chemicals, so as to ensure the safety of these medicinal materials and their related products. Nine Chinese medicinal materials were selected for study, including the tuber of Aristolochia cinnabarina, the herbs of Asarum forbesii, the stems of Aristolochia manshuriensis., the fruits of Aristolochia debilis, the roots of Aristolochia debilis, the stems and leaf of Aristolochia debilis, the herbs of Aristolochia mollissima, the roots of Aristolochia fangchi, and the roots of Asarum heterotropoides var. mandshuricum. The aristolochic acid components in the nine Chinese medicinal materials were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry (HPLC-Q-TOF-MS) combined with high performance liquid chromatography diode-array detection. The separation was performed on an Agilent ZORBAX SB-Aq column (250 mm×4.6 mm, 5 μm) with gradient elution using a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile and 0.2% acetic acid. ESI positive ion mode MS was used to investigate the ionization pathways of aristolochic acid Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲa, Ⅳa, Ⅶa, and aristololactam Ⅰ, Ⅱ using seven reference standards, and the structures of the components with UV spectrasimilar to those of the seven reference standards in the selected medicinal materials were qualitatively analyzed by following the investigated ionization pathways. The identified aristolochic acid components were quantified using an external standard method by HPLC-UV with detection at 254 nm. Twenty-two aristolochic acid components including 11 aristolochic acids and 11 aristololactams were identified from the nine selected medicinal materials; 15 aristolochic acids were found in the tuber of Aristolochia cinnabarina and the roots of Aristolochia debilis, followed by 14 aristolochic acids in the fruits of Aristolochia debilis and the stems of Aristolochia manshuriensis. The greatest content of aristolochia components was found in the tuber of Aristolochia cinnabarina and the stems of Aristolochia manshuriensis, ranging from 8.91 mg·g-1 to 13.40 mg·g-1, and the least amount was in the herbs of Asarum forbesii, at less than 0.10 mg·g-1 and containing only two aristolochia components. This study systematically explored the quantity and composition of aristolochic acid components in selected Chinese medicinal materials believed to contain toxic aristolochic compounds, providing a basis for follow-up studies on the toxicity of these substances that can lead to safety standards for their use.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912859

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the therapeutic efficacy of warm needling moxibustion plus intra-articular injection of sodium hyaluronate in treating chondromalacia patellae and its effect on inflammatory factors in knee joint fluid. Methods: Sixty-eight patients with chondromalacia patellae were randomized into a control group and an observation group, with 34 cases in each group. The control group was treated with intra-articular injection of sodium hyaluronate, while the observation group was given additional warm needling moxibustion treatment. Before and after treatment, the two groups were scored using Western Ontario and McMaster Universities osteoarthritis index (WOMAC) and visual analog scale (VAS), examined by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and determined for the levels of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-1β in knee joint fluid. Clinical efficacy was estimated after treatment. Results: The effective rate was higher in the observation group than in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the scores of pain, stiffness and daily activities, as well as the general score of WOMAC declined significantly in both groups (all P<0.05), and were lower in the observation group than in the control group (all P<0.05); the time cost for climbing up and down one staircase and VAS score decreased markedly in both groups (all P<0.05), and were shorter or lower in the observation group than in the control group (both P<0.05); the MRI grading showed no significant change in the control group after intervention (P>0.05), while the grading in the observation group showed notable improvement (P<0.05), and was better than that in the control group (P<0.05); the levels of NF-κB and IL-1β in knee joint fluid dropped significantly in the control group after treatment (both P<0.05), while the levels of NF-κB, TNF-α and IL-1β in knee joint fluid all decreased significantly in the observation group (all P<0.05) and were lower than those in the control group (all P<0.05). Conclusion: Warm needling moxibustion plus intra-articular injection of sodium hyaluronate can produce definite efficacy in treating chondromalacia patellae; it can mitigate the clinical symptoms, improve the lesion extent of chondromalacia and down-regulate the levels of NF-κB, TNF-α and IL-1β in knee joint fluid.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912847

ABSTRACT

Quality supervision is the important guarantee of hospital quality and patient safety, and also the core content of the fourth cycle grade hospital evaluation in Zhejiang province. Based on the evaluation standards, Hangzhou Women′s Hospital used information technology to optimize the hospital′s quality supervision and feedback system, and set up a traceable and closed-loop quality and safety supervision system. The system realized five function points: storage and extraction of supervision problems, online recording of supervision results, real-time feedback of supervision results, online feedback of rectification opinions of supervised departments, and tracking and evaluation of functional departments. After the operation of the system, the quality supervision process of the hospital realized information operation, and could be tracked online at all time points, which improved the efficiency of hospital quality management, better ensured the implementation of medical system and patient safety, and promoted the continuous improvement of medical quality indicators.

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2774-2780, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829981

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To compare the efficacy and safety of vancomycin given by continuous infusion vs. intermittent infusion,and to provide evidence-based reference for clinical drug use. METHODS :Retrieved from PubMed ,the Cochrane Library,Embase,Wanfang database ,CNKI and VIP databases ,ranomized controlled trials (RCT)and cohort studies about vancomycin given by continuous infusion (trial group )vs. intermittent infusion (control group )were collected during the inception to Apr. 2020. After literature screening and data extraction ,the qualities of RCTs were evaluated by using bias risk evaluation tool recommended by Cochrane system evaluator manual 6.0. The qualities of cohort studies were evaluated by NOS ;Rev Man 5.3 software was used to perform Meta-analysis and publication bias analysis. RESULTS :A total of 20 studies were included (3 RCTs and 17 cohort studies ),involving 2 380 patients in total. Results of Meta-analysis showed that ,target concentration attainment rate [RR =1.24,95%CI(1.12,1.38),P<0.000 1] and attainment rate of target clinical efficacy [RR =1.20,95%CI(1.04,1.38), P=0.01] of trial group was significantly higher than those of control group. The incidence of nephrotoxicity [RR =0.56,95%CI (0.45,0.70),P<0.000 01] was significantly lower than control group. There was no statistical significance in the therapeutic efficiency [RR =1.02,95%CI(0.95,1.10),P=0.53],drug treatment duration [MD =-0.50,95%CI(-1.40,0.39),P=0.27] or mortality [RR =1.03,95%CI(0.78,1.35),P=0.83] between 2 groups. The results of publication bias showed that the probability of publication bias was high when the incidence of nephrotoxicity was used as the index. CONCLUSIONS :Vancomycin continuous infusion can improve the attainment rate of target concentration and target clinical efficacy ,reduce the incidence of nephrotoxicity , but can not improve the treatment efficiency. Due to the inconsistent results of publication bias analysis ,the above conclusion needs to be interpreted carefully.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837860

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARSCoV- 2) has become a global pandemic and led to a serious impact on public health and economic development. This paper summarizes the source of the first isolated and identified SARS-CoV-2 samples and the problems present in the etiology detection of virus RNA. The necessity and limitation of bronchoscopy use in the diagnosis of COVID-19 were discussed and the occupation protection measures for bronchoscopy in COVID-19 were emphasized. It is important to accelerate the development of new disposable protective devices for the bronchoscopic examination..

6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1494-1494, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822371

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To systematically evaluate efficacy and safety of Shengxuening tablets in the treatment of cancer-related anemia (CRA),and to provide evidence-based reference for clinical drug use. METHODS :Retrieved from the Cochrane Library ,PubMed,Embase,CJFD,CSJD,Wanfang database and CBM ,RCTs about Shengxuening tablets alone or combined with routine therapy (trial group )versus routine therapy or blank control (control group )in the treatment of CRA were collected from inception to July 2019. After literature screening and data extraction ,quality evaluation of included literatures with system evaluation bias risk evaluation tool provided by Cochrane intervention measure system evaluation manual 3.0.2, Meta-analysis of the included literatures was carried out by using Rev Man 5.3 software. RESULTS :A total of 9 RCTs involving 681 patients were included. Results of Meta-analysis showed that red blood cell count [MD =0.62,95%CI(0.30,0.93),P=0.000 1], hematocrit level [MD =6.12,95%CI(4.97,7.27),P<0.000 01],hemoglobin level [MD =7.47,95%CI(5.29,9.66),P<0.000 01], white blood cell count [MD =0.31,95%CI(0.12,0.50),P=0.001],platelet count [MD =3.06,95%CI(0.84,5.28),P=0.007], KPS score [MD =5.15,95%CI(2.79,7.51),P<0.000 1],quality of life score [MD =28.27,95%CI(19.27,37.28),P<0.000 01] after treatment in trial group were significantly higher than control group ,while the incidence of ADR [RR =0.14,95%CI(0.03, 0.76),P=0.02] in trial group was significantly lower than control group. CONCLUSIONS :Shengxuening tablets have good efficacy and safety in the treatment of CRA.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785641

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical pregnancy (CP) and live birth (LB) rates arising from frozen embryo transfers (FETs) that had been generated under the influence of in vitro fertilization (IVF) adjuvants given to women categorized as poor-prognosis.METHODS: A registered, single-center, retrospective study. A total of 1,119 patients with first FETs cycle include 310 patients with poor prognosis (109 treated with growth hormone [GH], (+)GH group vs. 201 treated with dehydroepiandrosterone, (–)GH group) and 809 patients with good prognosis (as control, (–)Adj (Good) group).RESULTS: The poor-prognosis women were significantly older, with a lower ovarian reserve than the (–)Adj (Good) group, and demonstrated lower chances of CP (p<0.005) and LB (p<0.005). After adjusting for confounders, the chances of both CP and LB in the (+)GH group were not significantly different from those in the (–)Adj (Good) group, indicating that the poor-prognosis patients given GH had similar outcomes to those with a good prognosis. Furthermore, the likelihood of LB was significantly higher for poor-prognosis women given GH than for those who did not receive GH (p<0.028). This was further confirmed in age-matched analyses.CONCLUSION: The embryos cryopreserved from fresh IVF cycles in which adjuvant GH had been administered to women classified as poor-prognosis showed a significant 2.7-fold higher LB rate in subsequent FET cycles than a matched poor-prognosis group. The women with a poor prognosis who were treated with GH had LB outcomes equivalent to those with a good prognosis. We therefore postulate that GH improves some aspect of oocyte quality that confers improved competency for implantation.


Subject(s)
Dehydroepiandrosterone , Embryo Transfer , Embryonic Structures , Female , Fertilization in Vitro , Growth Hormone , Humans , Live Birth , Melatonin , Oocytes , Ovarian Reserve , Pregnancy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Single Embryo Transfer
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746241

ABSTRACT

Objective Studying the differential expression of exosomal miRNAs between androgen-dependent prostate cancer cell and androgen-independent prostate cancer cell,in order to further elucidate the mechanism of androgen-independent prostate cancer and find new targets for its treatment.Methods Prostate cancer androgen-dependent LNCaP cell and prostate cancer androgen-independent LNCaP-AI + F cell (induced by androgen and flutamide) were selected as the study subjects.Illumina HiSeqTM 2500 was used to perform high-throughput sequencing between the two groups.The differentially expressed exosomal miRNAs was verified by quantitative real-time PCR(qRT-PCR).The difference was statistically significant by t-test.Results Through the analysis of high-throughput sequencing results,thirteen molecules were screened increased in extracellular exosomes of the androgen-independent cell,including miR-7-5p,let-7a-5p,miR-375,miR-423-3p,miR-378a-3p,and miR-92a-3p,etc.Among them,miR-7-5p was verified by quantitative real-time PCR to be up-regulated by 19.52-fold (t=9.857,P=0.001).Conclusion Differentially expressed exosomal miRNAs may predict the development of androgen-independent prostate cancer and may further regulate the development of androgen-independent prostate cancer.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2303-2307, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780335

ABSTRACT

We have developed a new method using HPLC-CAD (charged aerosol detector) for the quantitative analysis of cyclovirobuxine D and related substances in the API of Huangyangning tablets. The related substances were further studied by HPLC-Q-Exactive coupled with hybrid quadrupole-orbitrap mass spectrometry. A HILIC column of XBridge Amide (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) was used, and the mobile phase was composed of acetonitrile and 100 mmol·L-1 ammonium formate (85∶15), which was adjusted to pH 2.8 with formic acid. Isocratic mode elution was adopted at a flow rate of 1.1 mL·min-1. The column temperature was set at 30 ℃. For CAD, the temperature of atomization and gas pressure were respectively set at 35 ℃ and 62.2 psi. This method detected and quantified five related substances to cyclovirobuxine D. The results showed that the LOD and LOQ of cyclovirobuxine D was 12.588 ng and 28.323 ng, respectively with an average recovery of 95.74% (RSD = 1.79%, n = 6). The content of cyclovirobuxine D in 12 batches of API samples provided by three manufacturers was from 79.94% to 88.49%, with an average value of 82.20%. The total content of the five related substances was from 15.99% to 22.15% with an average value of 20.10%, using an external standard method with cyclovirobuxine D as the reference and according to the CAD uniform response to non-volatile substances. The newly developed HPLC-CAD method has advantages in terms of the comprehensiveness of signals from Buxus alkaloids without UV absorption and with high sensitivity to its trace-related substances; the method yields good separation between the components and is compatible with mass spectrometry. It is applicable for the accurate quantitative analysis of main components and related substances in the API of Huangyangning tablets.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772934

ABSTRACT

Next-generation sequencing has allowed identification of millions of somatic mutations in human cancer cells. A key challenge in interpreting cancer genomes is to distinguish drivers of cancer development among available genetic mutations. To address this issue, we present the first web-based application, consensus cancer driver gene caller (C), to identify the consensus driver genes using six different complementary strategies, i.e., frequency-based, machine learning-based, functional bias-based, clustering-based, statistics model-based, and network-based strategies. This application allows users to specify customized operations when calling driver genes, and provides solid statistical evaluations and interpretable visualizations on the integration results. C is implemented in Python and is freely available for public use at http://drivergene.rwebox.com/c3.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756588

ABSTRACT

Systems and procedures are key to a hospital. How to upgrade hospital quality and medical level with systems and procedures, achieving a consistency among " drafting-practice-presentation" , deserves further attention by hospital administrators. The rounding process used at the hospital is designed to reform and optimize the institutional development. Following the PDCA cycle, the hospital established rounding teams to check the quality compliance, and correct defects found to improve hospital management. Such efforts adapt to conditions of the hospital and help build a closed-loop management model for hospital′s institutional development. Initial success has been observed, as staff compliance of regulations is upgraded, better ensuring medical quality and safety of the hospital.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803513

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of FOCUS(F:find; O:organize; C:clarify; U:understand; S:select)-PDCA on reducing the adverse event rate caused by junior nurses.@*Methods@#A historical control design was used, traditional method to manage adverse events among junior nurses from January to June 2017. Interdisciplinary team combined with FOCUS-PDCA courses was established from July to December 2017. In the course problems were found and analyzed, the present procedures and standard were issued and improved. And these data were summarized and analyzed to improve the quality of management continuously.@*Results@#Before applying the FOCUS-PDCA model, the total incidence of adverse events caused by junior nurses, bachelor′s degree or above, nurse practitioners, and working career of 1-3 years were respectively as follows: 42.66%(285/668), 46.67%(112/240), 40.54%(105/259), 51.61%(176/341). After using this model, the above four indicators were 33.04%(229/693), 33.33%(84/252), 27.04%(73/270), 38.97%(136/349) respectively. There were significant differences before and after the FOCUS-PDCA (χ2=4.20-13.39, P<0.01 or 0.05).@*Conclusions@#Multidisciplinary team-based FOCUS-PDCA management reduces the adverse event rate caused by junior nurses and improves the quality of management continuously.

13.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2130-2135, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817194

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and safety of 2 kinds of selective Janus kinase 1 (JAK-1) inhibitor Upadacitinib and Filgotinibfor in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, and to provide evidence-based reference for clinical treatment. METHODS: Retrieved from PubMed, Medline, Embase, the Cochrane library, CBM, CJFD, Wanfang database and VIP, RCTs about placebo (control group) versus Upadacitinib or Filgotinibfor (trial group) in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis on the basis of methotrexate or other antirheumatic drugs were collected during the establishment of the database to Jan. 2019. Meta-analysis of therapeutic efficacy [the proportion of patients with remission rate of 20% (ACR20), ACR50, ACR70 according to the criteria of American Rheumatism Association, the proportion of patients with 28-joint disease activity score (DAS28)<3.2] and safety [the incidence of adverse event (AE), severe adverse event (SAE), infection, severe infection, herpes zoster, liver injury] were conducted by using Rev Man 5.3 software after data extraction and quality evaluation with Cochrane system evaluator manual 5.1.0. RESULTS: A total of 8 RCTs were included, involving 2 738 patients. Meta-analysis showed that the proportion of patients with ACR20 [OR=3.37,95%CI(2.80,4.05),P<0.001], ACR50 [OR=3.78,95%CI(2.98,4.78),P<0.001] and ACR70 [OR=4.31,95%CI(3.05,6.09),P<0.001], the proportion of patients with DAS28<3.2 [OR=3.86,95%CI(2.98,5.00),P<0.001], the incidence of AE [OR=1.33,95%CI(1.11,1.61), P=0.002], the incidence of infection [OR=1.43,95%CI(1.12,1.81),P=0.004] in trial group were significantly higher than control group; there was no statistical significance in other indexes (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: JAK-1 inhibitors Upadacitinib and Filgotinib can improve the effect indexes of ACR20, ACR50 and ACR70 and the proportion of patients with DAS28<3.2 of rheumatoid arthritis patients; it can not increase the incidence of SAE, severe infection, herpes zoster, liver injury, but can increase the risk of AE and infection.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751891

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the chemical constituents from Bletilla ochracea. Methods The compounds were extracted by 95% alcohol and isolated by column chromatography on silica gel and Sephadex LH-20. Their structures were identified by spectroscopic analysis (~1 H NMR and 13 CNMR).Results Nine compouds were obtained and identified as lusianthridin (1), 1, 2, 7-trihydroxy-4-methoxy-9, 10-dihydroxyphenanthrene (2), nudol (3), coelonin (4), batatasin Ⅲ (5), 3, 7-dihydroxy-2, 4-dimethoxyphenanthrene (6), daucosterol (7), β-sitosterol (8), stigmasterol (9).Conclus ion Compounds 2, 3, 5 were isolated from this plant for the first time.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806903

ABSTRACT

Exosomes are nanoscale extracellular vesicles, which range in size from 30 to 150 nm, and are released under physiological and pathological conditions. The content of exosomes reflects the origin and function of cells. As a form of intercellular vesicular transport, exosome-mediated intercellular communication participates in a variety of physiological and pathological processes. The information transmission mediated by exosomes is associated with pathophysiological status and plays an important role in the pathogenesis of cancer. This review summarizes the research progress of exosomes, including the origin and biological functions, the detection methods, the diagnosis and treatment of tumor.(Chin J Lab Med, 2018, 41: 491-495)

16.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 99-104, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703075

ABSTRACT

Listeria monocytogenes is a significant food-borne pathogen that is capable of causing severe listeriosis in both humans and animals.Traditional techniques such as culture-based approaches have good specificity and sensitivity,while they are time-consuming and tend to be tedious.Hence,we presented a simple and rapid molecular technique using multiple cross displacement amplification (MCDA) targeting L.monocytogenes-specific gene lmo0733 for sensitive and specific detection of the pathogen.L.monocytogenes-MCDA assay used a set of ten primers spanning ten distinct regions of target sequence and was carried out at a constant temperature 61 ℃ to evaluate the specificity,sensitivity and feasibility.A total of three methods were used to confirm MCDA products,including color change of Loopamp Fluorescent Detection Reagent,real-time measurement of turbidity and agarose gel electrophoresis.The limit of detection (LoD) of the MCDA was 10 fg DNA,which was 25-fold and 250-fold more sensitive than that of the LAMP and CPA assay for detecting L.monocytogenes DNA,respectively.The detection ability of MCDA method was identical to the culture-biotechnical method for 153 rat intestinal feces samples,and was better than LAMP,CPA and conventional PCR.The results in this study indicated that the MCDA assay could be used as a rapid,sensitive and effective tool for the detection of L.monocytogenes in the food industry,medical institutions and field.

17.
Herald of Medicine ; (12): 368-373, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701016

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically review the efficacy and safety of tandospirone in the treatment of generalized anx-iety disorder(GAD) and to provide evidence-based references for clinic. Methods Databases include PubMed,Embase,The Co-chrane Library,CBM,CNKI,VIP and Wanfang Data were electronically searched from the inception to November 2016,to collect randomized controlled trials(RCTs)about the tandospirone citrate in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder.Meta-analysis was performed by RevMan5.3 software after data extraction and quality evaluation. Results A total of 5 RCTs involving 500 patients were included.The results of Meta-analysis showed no significant differences in the Hamilton Anxiety Scale(HAMA) score between experimental group and control group[MD=0.47,95%CI(-0.51,1.45),P=0.34];and there was no significant differences of total effective rate between experimental group and control group[OR=1.03,95%CI(0.64,1.67),P=0.90].The incidence of adverse reactions in experimental group was significantly lower than that of control group,the difference was statistically significant[OR=0. 65,95%CI(0.44,0.95),P=0.03]. Conclusion Tandospirone citrate,as a new type of non-BZDs of antianxiety drug,shows exact clinical curative effect in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder with mild adverse reaction and good safety.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697381

ABSTRACT

Objective To translate the Self-Stigma Scale (SSS )into chinese version and check its reliability and validity. Methods The Chinese version of Self-Stigma Scale was translated by Brislin method, the reliability and validity was tested in 750 diabetes patients. Results The Chinese version of Self-Stigma Scale includs 28 items three dimensions. Total scale Cronbach′s α :0.949, all subscales>0.8, Retest reliability coefficient:0.873.The scale average validity index (S-CVI/Ave) was 0.944. Confirmatory factor analysis results show that the GFI: AGFI: 0.833, 0.805, RMSEA: 0.065 the fitting indicators show that the fitting is good. Conclusions The revised Chinese SSS has good reliability and validity. It can be a suitable tool to evaluate stigma level of diabetes patient.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697177

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of home diabetes care platform based on internet and family fixed partner on the continuous care of diabetes patients outside the hospital.Methods A total of 150 out-patients with diabetes were collected from June 2016 to November 2016,divided into family fixed partner group(group A),smart phone APP home diabetes care platform group(group B),family fixed partner combination with smart phone APP home diabetes care platform group(group C)with 50 cases each by random digits table method.The three groups received the same health education during their stay in hospital,patients in group A and group C were required to have family fixed partners,patients in group B and group C were required to receive the home diabetes care platform for smart phones APP after they left the hospital,the intervention time was six months,and the indexes of blood glucose metabolism,self-management ability of diabetes were assessed at the end of six months after intervention and before intervention.Results Fasting blood glucose and postprandial blood glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin values of the three groups after intervention were lower than those before intervention.The postprandial blood glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin values was(9.96±4.23)mmol/L,(7.16±1.47)%in group C,(13.78±3.34),(11.46±4.85)mmol/L and(8.46±2.21)%,(8.07±2.45)%in group A and B,the difference was significant(F=10.57,3.92,P<0.05).The scores of self-management ability of diabetes of the three groups after intervention were all higher than those before intervention.The score of self-management ability of diabetes of item 1-6 was(6.45±1.65),(4.87±2.23),(6.17±2.12),(5.24±1.65),(4.67±2.13),(6.27±2.02)points in group C,(5.78±1.96),(3.63±2.14),(5.25±2.34),(4.12±1.97),(3.65±1.34),(5.26±2.21)points in group B,(5.04±1.78),(3.37±1.64),(4.63±1.87),(4.03±2.17),(3.32±1.74),(5.30±1.97)points in group A,the difference was statistically significant(F=3.82-7.94,P<0.05).Conclusions Home diabetes care platform based on internet,combined with family fixed partner education,are more conductive to patient blood sugar control,and enhance self-management ability and account ability.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697069

ABSTRACT

Objective To survey the factors associated with deep venous thrombosis after artificial liver treatment in patients with liver failure. Methods A retrospective survey was used in our hospital from January 2014 to December 2016 consecutive liver failure patients by artificial liver treatment, collected patient data, including general demographic information, medical history. Results Medical history data were collected from 189 compliance cases, including deep venous thrombosis group (11 cases),no deep venous thrombosis group(178 cases),and 5.82%(11/189)of deep vein thrombosis.There were significant differences in age(χ2=7.17, P=0.027), catheterization(χ2=4.99, P=0.025), number of successful venipuncture(χ2=10.856, P=0.004),artificial liver frequency(χ2=67.481, P<0.01), activity status(χ2=9.607, P=0.022), D-dimer(t=12.318, P<0.01), infection(χ2=17.231, P=0.001)and other factors in thrombosis group and thrombus group(P<0.05).Logistic regression showed that age(OR=1.643, P=0.01),activity status(OR=1.643,P=0.01),number of successful venipuncture(OR=6.049,P<0.01),D-dimer(OR=2.532, P=0.005)and infection(OR=2.463, P=0.008)were independent risk factors for thrombosis. Conclusions Deep vein thrombosis after artificial liver injury in liver failure is not uncommon, and the prevention of deep vein thrombosis after artificial liver surgery is strengthened, especially for elderly, absolute bed, venous puncture injury patients, elevated D-dimer and infected patients.

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