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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6730-6739, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008871

ABSTRACT

This article analyzed the mechanism of Danggui Sini Decoction(DSD) in improving kidney injury caused by blood stasis syndrome(BSS) in rats. Firstly, 32 female SD rats were randomly divided into the following four groups: a normal group and a BSS group, both receiving an equal amount of distilled water by gavage; a normal+DSD group and a BSS+DSD group, both receiving 5.103 g·kg~(-1) DSD orally for a total of 14 days. Daily cold water bath was given to establish the BSS model, and on the 14th day, BSS rats were subcutaneously injected with 0.8 mg·kg~(-1) adrenaline. Normal rats were subjected to the water bath at 37 ℃ and injected with an equal volume of distilled water. After the experiment, 24-hour urine, serum, and kidney samples were collected for metabolomic analysis, biochemical measurements, and hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining. The study then employed ~1H-NMR metabolomic technology to reveal the metabolic network regulated by DSD in improving BSS-induced kidney injury and used network pharmacology to preliminarily elucidate the key targets of the effectiveness of DSD. Pathological and biochemical analysis showed that DSD intervention significantly reduced inflammation and abnormal levels of blood creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, and urine protein in the kidneys. Metabolomic analysis indicated that DSD attenuated BSS-induced kidney injury primarily by regulating 10 differential metabolites and three major metabolic pathways(taurine and hypotaurine metabolism, citrate cycle, and acetaldehyde and dicarboxylic acid metabolism). Network pharmacology analysis suggested that the protective effect of DSD against BSS-induced kidney injury might be related to two key genes, ATP citrate lyase(ACLY) and nitric oxide synthase 2(NOS2), and two main metabolic pathways, i.e., arginine biosynthesis, and arginine and proline metabolism. This study, from the perspective of network regulation, provides initial insights and evidence into the mechanism of DSD in improving kidney injury induced by BSS, offering a basis for further investigation into the molecular mechanisms underlying its efficacy.


Subject(s)
Rats , Female , Animals , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Network Pharmacology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Metabolomics , Kidney , Arginine , Water
2.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1066-1071, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994934

ABSTRACT

Anti-3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase (HMGCR) myopathy is one of the subtypes of immune-mediated necrotizing myopathy. Anti-HMGCR antibodies induce complement activation,subsequently resulting in myofiber necrosis,regeneration with autophagy abnormalities and mitochondrial changes. The age of onset is from children to adulthood. Some patients have a history of exposure to statins. Most patients are subacute onset. The patients with chronic progressive process, are more like muscular dystrophy. The main symptoms are proximal symmetrical weakness of limbs and usually accompanied with extra-muscle symptoms. The MRI showed muscle edema in all patients and fatty infiltrates in some patients. Myositis-specific auto-antibodies and muscle biopsies play key roles in diagnosis of HMGCR myopathy. Corticosteroids and immunosuppressants were first line therapy. Pediatric patients or patients with chronic course are usually refractory, and the efficacy of different combinations of immunosuppressants needs to be further investigated.

3.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 922-927, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013198

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics of hospitalized children infected with the Omicron variant in Kunming after the withdrawal of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPI) and analyze the risk factors of severe cases. Methods: Clinical data was retrospectively collected from 1 145 children with SARS-CoV-2 Omicron infection who were hospitalized in six tertiary grade A hospitals in Kunming from December 10th, 2022 to January 9th, 2023. According to clinical severity, these patients were divided into the general and severe SARS-CoV-2 groups, and their clinical and laboratory data were compared. Between-group comparison was performed using t-test, chi-square test and Mann-Whitney U test. Spearman correlation test and multivariate Logistic regression analysis were used to determine the risk factors of severe illness. Results: A total of 1 145 hospitalized patients were included, of whom 677 were male and 468 female. The age of these patients at visit was 1.7 (0.5, 4.1) years. Specifically, there were 758 patients (66.2%) aged ≤3 years at visit and 387 patients (33.8%) aged >3 years. Of these children, 89 cases (7.8%) had underline diseases and the remaining 1 056 cases (92.2%) had no combined diseases. Additionally, of all the patients, 319 cases (27.9%) were vaccinated with one or two doses of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine, 748 cases (65.3%) had acute upper respiratory tract infection (AURTI), and six cases died (0.5%). A total of 1 051 cases (91.8%) were grouped into general SARS-CoV-2 group and 94 cases (8.2%) were grouped into severe SARS-CoV-2 group. Compared with the general cases, the severe cases showed a lower rate of SARS-CoV-2 vaccination and younger median age, lower lymphocyte count, as well as proportions of CD8+T lymphocyte (36 cases (38.3%) vs. 283 cases (26.9%), 0.5 (2.6, 8.0) vs. 1.6 (0.5, 3.9) years, 1.3 (1.0, 2.7) ×109 vs. 2.7 (1.3,4.4)×109/L, 0.17 (0.12, 0.24) vs. 0.21 (0.15, 0.16), respectively, χ2=4.88, Z=-2.21,-5.03,-2.53, all P<0.05). On the other hand, the length of hospital stay, proportion of underline diseases, ALT, AST, creatine kinase isoenzyme, and troponin T were higher in the severe group compared to those in the general group ((11.6±5.9) vs. (5.3±1.8) d, 41 cases (43.6%) vs. 48 cases (4.6%), 67 (26,120) vs. 20 (15, 32) U/L, 51 (33, 123) vs. 44 (34, 58) U/L、56.9 (23.0, 219.3) vs. 3.6 (1.9, 17.9) U/L, 12.0 (4.9, 56.5) vs. 3.0 (3.0, 7.0) ×10-3 pg/L,respectively, t=-20.43, χ2=183.52, Z=-9.14,-3.12,-6.38,-3.81, all P<0.05). Multivariate regression analysis indicated that increased leukocyte count (OR=1.88, 95%CI 1.18-2.97, P<0.01), CRP (OR=1.18, 95%CI 1.06-1.31, P<0.01), ferritin (OR=1.01, 95%CI 1.00-1.00, P<0.01), interleukin (IL)-6 (OR=1.05, 95%CI 1.01-1.08, P=0.012), D-dimer (OR=2.56, 95%CI 1.44-4.56, P<0.01) and decreased CD4+T lymphocyte (OR=0.84, 95%CI 0.73-0.98, P=0.030) were independently associated with the risk of severe SARS-CoV-2 in hospitalized children with Omicron infection. Conclusions: After the withdrawal of NPI, the pediatric inpatients with Omicron infection in Kunming were predominantly children younger than 3 years of age, and mainly manifested as AURTI with relatively low rate of severe SARS-CoV-2 infection and mortality. Elevated leukocyte counts, CRP, ferritin, IL-6, D-dimer, and decreased CD4+T lymphocytes are significant risk factors for developing severe SARS-CoV-2 infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Female , Male , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Vaccines , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Ferritins , Interleukin-6
4.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 1133-1141, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010318

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the differences in the needs of users and the value orientation of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) by comparing the contents and formation methods of clinical questions in Chinese and Korean CPGs of acupuncture-moxibustion (Acup-Mox).@*METHODS@#The full text of CPGs was systematically searched from the official websites of Chinese and Korean traditional medicine societies and Acup-Mox associations, with the topic "Acup-Mox for treating diseases" and the retrieval time up to September 28, 2022. Two researchers screened the CPGs independently, and extracted the guidelines' topics, content, quantity and formation methods of clinical questions. The quantitative data were collected by counting the frequency, and the qualitative data were classified and described by thematic analysis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 29 guidelines were included in this study, including 20 Chinese guidelines (305 questions) and 9 Korean guidelines (223 questions). The differences lie in the aspects of content and diversity, and formation method. As for content and diversity, Chinese guidelines focused mainly on the questions related to treatment such as the operation of specific intervention (86, 28.2%), efficacy of intervention (78, 25.6%), and also involving questions in diagnosis, prevention, and prognosis. While the clinical questions in Korean guidelines were concentrated to efficacy of intervention (218, 97.8%). As for formation method, in Chinese guidelines, questions were usually collected directly from clinicians, and then determined and optimized by experts. In Korean guidelines, frequently used clinical Acup-Mox interventions would be screened first. Then the expert group would set up corresponding intervention control measures so as to form clinical questions related to treatment efficacy.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The differences reflect the different needs of clinical practitioners, and the different aims or concepts in developing Acup-Mox guidelines between China and South Korea. Chinese guidelines emphasized promoting operation protocols and techniques of Acup-Mox for practical use, while Korean guidelines emphasized promoting the frequently used clinical intervention therapies. It is speculated that the guidelines from these two countries would play different roles in guiding clinical operation and supporting medical decision. In terms of formation methods of clinical questions, it is suggested to attach importance to optimizing process in formatting clinical questions to improve the clinical applicability of CPGs of Acup-Mox.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Moxibustion/methods , Republic of Korea , Practice Guidelines as Topic
5.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 353-360, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982282

ABSTRACT

The clinical questions of acupuncture-moxibustion (Acup-Mox) guidelines are complicated, including not only the curative effect of Acup-Mox intervention measures, but also the operational elements of Acup-Mox. This paper aimed to put forward the idea and process of collecting clinical questions in developing international acupuncture clinical practice guidelines. The experience was collected and the idea of collecting clinical questions of Acup-Mox was formed through expert consultation and discussion in combination with expert opinions. Based on the characteristics of Acup-Mox discipline. This paper put forward the thinking of collecting elements of clinical questions following the intervention-population-outcome-control (I-P-O-C) inquiry process, according to the discipline of Acup-Mox. It was emphasized that in the process of collecting clinical questions, "treatable population" and "alleviable outcome indicators" for a specific Acup-Mox intervention with certain therapeutic effect should be focused on, so as to highlight the pertinence of clinical questions of Acup-Mox guidelines in terms of population and outcome elements.


Subject(s)
Moxibustion , Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture
6.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 392-396, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935401

ABSTRACT

Objective: To systematically introduce the design of case-cohort study and the statistical methods of relative risk estimation and their application in the design. Methods: First, we introduced the basic principles of case-cohort study design. Secondly, Prentice's method, Self-Prentice method and Barlow method were described in the weighted Cox proportional hazard regression models in detail, finally, the data from the Shanghai Women's Health Study were used as an example to analyze the association between obesity and liver cancer incidence in the full cohort and case-cohort sample, and the results of parameters from each method were compared. Results: Significant association was observed between obesity and risk for liver cancer incidence in women in both the full cohort and the case-cohort sample. In the Cox proportional hazard regression model, the partial regression coefficients of the full cohort and the case-cohort sample fluctuated with the adjustment of confounding factors, but the hazard ratio estimates of them were close. There was a difference in the standard error of the partial regression coefficient between the full cohort and the case-cohort sample. The standard error of the partial regression coefficient of the case-cohort sample was larger than that of the full cohort, resulting in a wider 95% confidence interval of the relative risk. In the weighted Cox proportional hazard regression model, the standard error of the partial regression coefficient of Prentice's method was closer to the parameter estimates from full cohort than Self-Prentice method and Barlow method, and the 95% confidence interval of hazard ratio was closer to that of the full cohort. Conclusions: Case-cohort design could yield parameter results closer to the full cohort by collecting and analyzing data from sub-cohort members and patients with the disease, and reduce sample size and improve research efficiency. The results suggested that Prentice's method would be preferred in case-cohort design.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Proportional Hazards Models , Risk , Sample Size
7.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 605-611, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933828

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical, pathological and muscle magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated nemaline myopathy (NM; HIV-NM).Methods:The present patient was a 23-year-old man with HIV infection who developed progressive proximal weakness and atrophy for more than 10 months. He was admitted to the Department of Neurology of Beijing Ditan Hospital in early June 2021. Electromyography showed myogenic findings. The serum creatine kinase was 202.4 U/L. CD 4+ count was 585×10 6/L. Serum monoclonal immunoglobulin (M protein) was negative. The patient underwent MRI examination of bilateral thigh muscles, biopsy of left biceps brachii and gene detection. The clinical, pathological and muscle MRI changes of HIV-NM were summarized based on the literature review. Results:MRI examination of bilateral thigh muscles showed edema changes. Muscle biopsy showed nemaline structures in some muscle fibers, accompanied by fiber atrophy and regeneration. No gene mutation related to clinical phenotype was found by second-generation sequencing. After intravenous immunoglobulin combined with prednisone, the patient′s weakness symptoms were significantly improved. A total of 17 cases of HIV-NM (including the present case) were identified in the literature, who were aged (33.7±9.1) years. Fifteen were males and two were females. All patients developed proximal limb weakness. Creatine kinase was normal or slightly elevated. Serum monoclonal protein was positive in 3 cases (3/7). Immunosuppressive therapy was effective.Conclusions:The main clinical characteristics of HIV-NM are progressive proximal limb weakness and muscle atrophy. The muscle pathology shows a large number of nemaline structures in atrophic muscle fibers. Muscle edema can be seen on muscle MRI. This is the first report of HIV-NM in China, which may be a special subtype of immune myopathy.

8.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 589-596, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933826

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study peripheral nerve morphology in patients with transthyretin familial amyloid polyneuropathy (TTR-FAP) using high-frequency ultrasonography (HFUS), and to evaluate the value of HFUS in diagnosis of TTR-FAP.Methods:Thirty-eight patients with TTR-FAP diagnosed by gene detection and 23 normal controls from June 2015 to June 2021 in Peking University First Hospital were enrolled in this study. Consecutive ultrasonography scanning was performed in 6 pairs of nerves of bilateral limbs with 30 sites. The cross sectional area (CSA), CSA variability and inter-nerve CSA variability data of the two groups were retrospectively calculated and compared.Results:Compared with the normal controls, TTR-FAP patients showed larger CSA values at most nerve sites of both upper and lower limbs, and there were statistically significant differences at M1(median nerve) [8.55 (6.90, 9.40) mm 2vs 10.05 (9.10, 14.10) mm 2, Z=5.58, P<0.001], M3 (median nerve) [(6.98±1.66) mm 2vs (9.29±2.30) mm 2, t=6.28, P<0.001], M5 (median nerve) [(8.91±1.81) mm 2vs (14.33±4.20) mm 2, t=9.84, P<0.001], U5 (ulnar nerve) [(6.20±1.93) mm 2vs (9.34±2.85) mm 2, t=7.31, P<0.001], Sci1 (sciatic nerve) [(53.50±17.24) mm 2vs (79.74±20.75) mm 2, t=7.57, P<0.001], Sci2 (sciatic nerve) [(53.66±14.21) mm 2vs (73.98±19.21) mm 2, t=6.82, P<0.001] and Tib (tibial nerve) [(31.05±8.43) mm 2vs (46.29±13.14) mm 2, t=7.84, P<0.001] sites. There was no statistically significant difference in CSA at each site among the different subtypes and disease severity of TTR-FAP patients ( P>0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in CSA-variability of the median and ulnar nerves between the patients with TTR-FAP and the normal controls ( P>0.05). The side-to-side difference ratio of intra-nerve CSA variability of the ulnar nerve in the patients with TTR-FAP was smaller than that of the normal controls (1.15±0.10 vs 1.46±0.43, t=3.43, P=0.002), whereas no statistically significant difference of that in the median nerve was found between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The most pronounced peripheral nerve thickening in the proximal limb segments with no signs of asymmetric distribution or lateralization is confirmed by HFUS in TTR-FAP patients and should be regarded as a marker of TTR-FAP. HFUS has clinical value in diagnosis of peripheral neuropathy in TTR-FAP patients.

9.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 15-20, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933750

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the characteristics of neuralgia in Fabry disease and explore the effects of genders and alpha-galactosidase A (GLA) gene mutation types on neuralgia.Methods:Questionnaires and Brief Pain Inventory evaluations were conducted on the recruited patients diagnosed as Fabry disease in Department of Neurology, Peking University First Hospital from January 2001 to April 2020. The characteristics of the neuralgia were summarized, and the portrait of neuralgia between male and female patients, and the patient groups carrying truncated mutations and non-truncated mutations of GLA gene was compared.Results:A total of 93 patients with Fabry disease were enrolled. The incidence of neuralgia was 91.4% (85/93),and the average onset age of pain was 9 years. The average remission age was 20 years with the remission incidence of 22.8% (18/79). Pain attack on extremities [96.5%(82/85)] was the most common form. The neuralgia relieving rate of male patients [17.5%(11/63)] was lower than that of females (7/16, χ2=5.01, P=0.025).Brief Pain Inventory scores showed that the degree of most severe pain attack within 24 hours of male patients (4.16±3.20) was higher than that of females (2.07±2.02, t=3.03, P=0.004),and the impact of pain on daily life [male 4 (7) vs female 0 (4), Z=-2.33, P=0.020], walking ability [male 5 (8) vs female 0 (2), Z=-2.87, P=0.004], daily work [male 5 (8) vs female 0 (2), Z=-3.10, P=0.002], relationship [male 2 (6) vs female 0 (3), Z=-2.67, P=0.008] and interests [male 4 (8) vs female 0 (3), Z=-2.81, P=0.005] of male patients was also higher than female patients. The truncated mutation group [1 (2)] only showed higher score on the current pain level than the non-truncated mutation group [0(0), Z=-2.89, P=0.003]. Conclusions:The neuralgia in Chinese patients with Fabry disease showed high incidence and early onset. Male patients presented more severe pain than female which led to a greater impact on life, while the type of GLA gene mutation had less impact on neuralgia.

10.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1353-1358, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958036

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report a SPTLC2 gene mutation in a family with a phenotype of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.Methods:To screen the family of patients with pathogenic mutations of SPTLC2 gene from the database of hereditary peripheral neuropathy in the Department of Neurology, Peking University First Hospital, and to collect their clinical data, peripheral nerve conduction examination, nerve ultrasound examination, pathological examination of the peroneal nerve and whole exome sequencing results of prohand.Results:One family was screened, the proband was a 16-year-old female with 4 years of sensory loss and anhidrosis of both lower limbs and 16 months of walking difficulty who admitted to Peking University First Hospital in January 2022. Physical examination showed sensory loss, dry skin and weakness in distal limbs. Her father had numbness and dry skin in the distal lower limbs from childhood,weakness and atrophy of his lower limbs in adulthood. He died at age of 52 years old. The nerve conduction study revealed no action potentials of the sensory and motor nerves of the lower limbs in the proband. The amplitude of the compound muscle action potential of the motor conduction of the bilateral ulnar nerve and median nerve decreased, and the nerve conduction velocity of the bilateral median nerve were 32 m/s and 24 m/s. Neurosonography showed thickening of peripheral nerves. Sural biopsy revealed severe loss of myelinated and unmyelinated nerve fibers with onion bulbs formation. SPTLC2 gene showed a known heterozygous p.G435V mutation. The lower limb weakness was improved after oral L-serine.Conclusions:SPTLC2 gene mutation can lead to an intermediate Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease phenotype. L-serine can improve the limb weakness.

11.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1317-1324, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958032

ABSTRACT

The vacuole in muscle fibers is a non-specific myopathological change. As a myopathological term, it occurs in several rare disorders. The vacuoles are mostly related to the autophagy of glycogen, lipids, abnormal proteins, and organelles, and a few are caused by glycogen or lipids deposition or sarcoplasmic reticulum luminal vacuolization. The vacuoles impair the structure of muscle fibers, being one of the myopathological features in various diseases. In this review, clinical features and myopathological changes of various diseases with vacuolar muscle fibers were introduced and the diagnostic value of intrafibral vacuoles was focused on. Knowing the underlying pathogenesis is required to understand these myopathological changes.

12.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 979-984, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957992

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the clinical, pathological and imaging phenotypes of pediatric patients with anti-3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase (HMGCR) myopathy to explore its diagnostic strategies.Methods:The clinical features of 10 pediatric patients with anti-HMGCR myopathy in the Department of Neurology, Peking University First Hospital from July 2014 to July 2021 were collected. Muscle biopsies were performed in all patients, with histological, enzymatic histochemical and immunohistochemical staining.Results:The male to female ratio was 6∶4, the age of onset was 3-16 (8.3±3.7) years, 2 cases had subacute onset, and 8 cases experienced chronic progressive onset. All patients presented with neck and proximal muscular weakness of all limbs. Skin rash was observed in 2 cases. Serum creatine kinase was 998-27 981 U/L. The electromyography results were available from 6 cases, who experienced myogenic changes. The muscle magnetic resonance imaging was performed in 5 cases and revealed muscle edema predominantly in posterior compartment of thigh, with mild fatty infiltrate in 2 cases. An initial diagnosis was limb-girdle muscular dystrophy in 7 cases, but with subsequently negative genetic testing. Muscle biopsies revealed scattered necrotic fibers and regenerating fibers, complement deposition in sarcolemma basement-membrane areas of non-necrotic fibers and a few of lymphocyte infiltrate in all specimens. Moreover, a high frequency of major histocompatibility complex Ⅰ expression in muscle fibers was observed in 9 cases, proliferation of connective tissue of endomysium in 8 cases, muscle fiber hypertrophy in 4 cases and vacuoles in 2 cases.Conclusions:Pediatric anti-HMGCR myopathy is frequently misdiagnosed as muscular dystrophy. Systematic consideration of anti-HMGCR myopathy and testing for myositis specific antibody in children with genetically unconfirmed muscular dystrophy may help the differential diagnosis.

13.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 903-908, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957984

ABSTRACT

The high-temperature requirement A serine peptidase 1 (HTRA1) gene mutation results in cerebral autosomal recessive arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy and autosomal dominant cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD). This article described the definition, clinical features, magnetic resonance imaging manifestations, genetic and pathological examinations and treatment plans of HTRA1 related CSVD and highlighted the distinction between HTRA1 related CSVD and other inherited disorders with white matter involvement, and proposed a diagnostic pathway for timely recognition of HTRA1 related CSVD in a routine clinical environment. Ultimately, in addition to the conventional treatment of CSVD, effective targeted treatment methods still need to be established.

14.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 337-342, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927385

ABSTRACT

Based on the 28 Chinese clinical practice guidelines of acupuncture and moxibustion, this study summarized and analyzed the contents related to reaching consensus during the development process. The results indicated that all the 28 guidelines reported they have used consensus in the "recommendations" section, and provided details on consensus personnel, consensus methods, consensus process and consensus materials. However, it was found that the reporting of consensus was in need of further improvement. The limitations included unclear definition and responsibilities of "expert group", obscure concept between "consensus meeting" and "expert discussion", non-rigorous process of reaching consensus when generating recommendations and lacking of detailed reporting of the consensus reaching process. As such, we suggested that future researchers should conduct researches to further standardized the consensus process when developing acupuncture and moxibustion clinical practice guidelines, so as to improve the quality and clinical applicability of guidelines..


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , China , Consensus , Moxibustion , Practice Guidelines as Topic
15.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 483-486, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885448

ABSTRACT

The clinical, neuroelectrophysiological, neuropathological characteristics and outcome of a case of acute sensory axonopathy are reported. The patient was a 32-year-old female. She presented with acute onset sensory abnormalities, sensory ataxia, pseudoathetosis and areflex. Lab testing showed cerebrospinal fluid albumin cytologic dissociation. Electromyography studies and sural nerve pathology were consistent with acute sensory axonopathy. Treatment including intravenous immunoglobulin and steroid therapy was provided. Her symptoms recovered slowly without relapse, so did tibial H-reflex amplitudes.

16.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 399-403, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885435

ABSTRACT

Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is a hereditary cerebral small vessel disease caused by NOTCH3 gene mutations. At present, the pathogenesis and the effective treatments of CADASIL is unclear. This review summarizes the existing pathogenesis of CADASIL, including the dysfunction of cerebral small arteries, the abnormalities of vascular smooth muscle cells, and the possible destruction of blood-brain barrier.

17.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 219-227, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885406

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical features and pathological changes of peripheral tissues from patients with neuronal intranuclear inclusion disease (NIID) diagnosed by genetic tests.Methods:Repeat-primed polymerase chain reaction was used to confirm the GGC repeated expansion in the 5′ untranslated region of the NOTCH2NLC gene in patients with suspected NIID who had visited the Department of Neurology of Peking University First Hospital from January 2018 to February 2020. The clinical data and pathological changes of peripheral tissues from patients with genetically diagnosed NIID were collected retrospectively and analysed. Immunostaining with anti-p62 and anti-ubiquitin antibody was performed on peripheral biopsy specimens.Results:Totally nine patients with NIID who had GGC repeated expansion in the NOTCH2NLC gene were found. Five patients were familial (from three faimilies), and four patients were sporadic. The age of onset was 36-61(51.33±7.12) years. The most common symptoms in this NIID group were episodic emotion and personality change (8/9), paroxysmal disturbance of consciousness (6/9) and intermitant head discomfort (6/9). Other symptoms included cognitive dysfunction, limb weakness, limb sensory disturbance, bladder dysfunction, ataxia, seizures and psychiatric symptoms. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed high signals along the corticomedullary junction on diffusion-weighted image in eight out of nine patients. Skin biopsied samples from nine patients demonstrated the presence of eosinophilic intranuclear inclusions (IIs), appearing in the nucleus of fibroblasts, fat cells and ductal epithelial cells of sweat glands on hematoxylin-eosin staining. IIs were positive on anti-p62 and anti-ubiquitin immunostaining. Electron microscopy indicated the IIs were composed of a pile of filament materials without membrane. Muscle biopsies from two patients showed no obvious neurogenic or myogenic pathologic changes, except in one patient several rimmed vacuoles fibers were found. In one patient sural nerve biopsy showed severe demyelinating pathological changes. No IIs were found in the muscles and peripheral nerve tissue either by histological examination or by immunohistochemical staining with anti-p62 or anti-ubiquitin, while IIs were found by immunofluorescence staining with both anti-p62 and anti-ubiquitin in three patient′s tissue. Conclusions:The phenotype of this NIID patient group is adult-onset NIID, with episodic encephalopathy as the main clinical manifestation. Skin biopsy has high pathological diagnostic value for NIID. The immunofluorescence staining with anti-p62 and anti-ubiquitin is easier to detect the presence of IIs than histological staining and immumohistochemical staining.

18.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 445-448, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877636

ABSTRACT

To sort out the existing problems within the published 35 evidence-based acupuncture-moxibustion clinical practice guidelines (group standards) in Chinese: the development methods and the development process are not clear and strict enough; the evidence evaluation system fails to fully reflect the characteristics of acupuncture and moxibustion. Therefore,


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , China , Evidence-Based Practice , Moxibustion
19.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 923-927, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887508

ABSTRACT

To provide directional suggestions for the establishment of international clinical practice guidelines for acupuncture and moxibustion by investigating the current situation of clinical practice guidelines for acupuncture and moxibustion at home and abroad. The clinical practice guidelines were obtained by questionnaire survey, database retrieval and experts consulting. The guidelines were read carefully, and the content was analyzed. A total of 27 acupuncture-moxibustion clinical practice guidelines were retrieved, of which most of the guidelines came from China. The definition and scope of "acupuncture and moxibustion "vary according to different guidelines; and the focus of the content and the method of establishing the guidelines are quite different, so it is very necessary to unify the formulation methods of acupuncture-moxibustion clinical practice guidelines. Chinese clinical practice guidelines for acupuncture and moxibustion were characterized by taking the ancient literature as the evidence. Excavating the value of ancient literature and clinical experience of acupuncture-moxibustion experts are the key points and difficulties in the developing of clinical practice guidelines of acupuncture and moxibustion in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , China , Moxibustion , Surveys and Questionnaires
20.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 705-711, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911781

ABSTRACT

Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is a hereditary cerebral small vessel disease caused by NOTCH3 gene mutation. The main manifestations of the disease are migraine,cerebral ischemic stroke, progressive cognitive impairment, psychological abnormality which developed at different stage of disease. Multiple cerebral lacunar infarctions, white matter T 2 hyperintensities and cerebral microbleeds can be seen on brain magnetic resonance imaging. The definite diagnosis evidence of CADASIL is the presence of granularosmiophilic material on the surface of arteriolar smooth muscle cells and (or) the identification of pathogenic variants of NOTCH3 gene. With the wide application of second-generation sequencing, more and more patients with CADASIL have been diagnosed. This article will give a summary on the pathogenesis mechanism, clinical manifestations, diagnostic workup, and management of CADASIL.

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