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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899965

ABSTRACT

Background@#Despite the advances in neonatology, the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is increasing. It is important to prevent the development of BPD in the first place. The online BPD outcome estimator from National Institute of Children Health and Human Development and Neonatal Research Network is available. However, it is not applicable for Asians. Moreover, limits are set for birth weight and gestational weeks excluding those who may still have BPD. The aim of this study was to develop a prediction model for BPD using first hour perinatal and neonatal factors in Korean very low birth weight infants (VLBWIs). @*Methods@#Data were collected for 8,022 VLBWIs with gestational age (GA) ≥ 22 weeks who were born between January 1, 2013 and December 31, 2016, and admitted to the neonatal intensive care units of the KNN. Multiple logistic regression models reanalyzed by stepwise selection with significant clinical indicators for BPD. PROC package was used to calculate the area under curve (AUC) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals. Moreover, it was used to search the best cut-off value. External validation was performed with the 2017 Korean neonatal network (KNN) data. @*Results@#After all missing data were excluded, 4,600 VLBWIs were included in the training dataset of the prediction model. Predictability of presence of BPD was 90.8% and prediction P value cut off was 0.550. Five-minute Apgar score, birth weight, GA, sex, surfactant use were significant indicators. Predictability of severe BPD was 81.5% and prediction P value cut off was 0.160. Five-minute Apgar score, birth weight, maternal PIH, chronic maternal hypertension, GA, sex, respiratory distress syndrome, need of resuscitation at birth were significant indicators. After external validation, sensitivity and specificity did not change significantly. @*Conclusion@#From this study, high predictability was obtained using clinical parameters obtained within one hour of life. P value for prediction of each grade of BPD and equation for calculation was presented. It can be helpful for the early prediction of BPD in Korean VLBWI. This study will contribute to the prediction of BPD in Asians especially Korean VLBWIs, not currently included in the NICHD BPD online BPD predictor. In addition, the predictive power may be continuously increased with the cumulative data of KNN.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888081

ABSTRACT

The present study aims to investigate the effects of the main components(aesculin, berberine hydrochloride, and anemoside B4) in the butyl alcohol extract of Baitouweng Decoction(BAEB) on the chemotaxis of neutrophils induced by dimethyl sulfoxide(DMSO). HL60 cells were cultivated in RPMI-1640 complete medium, and transferred into a 6-well plate(2 × 10~5 per mL) with 4 mL in each well, followed by incubation with DMSO at 1.3% for five days. The morphologic changes of cells were observed under an inverted microscope. The CD11 b expression after DMSO induction was analyzed by flow cytometry. The effects of aesculin, berberine hydrochloride, and anemoside B4 on the cell proliferation and migration were detected by CCK8 assay and Transwell assay, respectively. The effects of the main components on the production and polarization of F-actin protein were also examined by flow cytometry and laser confocal microscopy. PI3 K/Akt signaling pathway was checked by Western blot. As revealed by the results, neutrophil-like HL60 cells were observed after DMSO induction. The CD11 b expression in these cells increased significantly as indicated by the flow cytometry. Additionally, 100 μg·mL~(-1) aesculin, 8 μg·mL~(-1) berberine hydrochloride, and 80 μg·mL~(-1) anemoside B4 were potent in inhibiting the migration of neutrophils and reducing F-actin expression. Berberine hydrochloride was verified to be capable of diminishing phosphorylated PI3 K/Akt protein expression. The findings indicate that aesculin, anemoside B4, and especially berberine hydrochloride in the BAEB can inhibit the chemotaxis of neutrophils, which is possibly achieved by the inhibition of F-actin and PI3 K/Akt signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
1-Butanol , Berberine/pharmacology , Chemotaxis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Neutrophils
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1310-1316, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878104

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Epigenetics, especially DNA methylation, plays an important role in the pathogenesis of primary Sjogren syndrome (pSS). Our study aimed to reveal the role of DNA methylation in peripheral monocytes of pSS patients.@*METHODS@#A total of 11 pSS patients and five age-matched healthy controls (HCs) were included in this study. Monocytes were isolated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells using magnetic microbeads. DNA methylation profiles were generated using Human Methylation 850K BeadChips.@*RESULTS@#In monocytes from pSS patients, we identified 2819 differentially methylated positions (DMPs), comprising 1977 hypomethylated- and 842 hypermethylated-DMPs, corresponding to 1313 unique genes when compared with HCs. IFI44L, MX1, PAARP9, and IFITM1, which influence the interferon (IFN) signaling pathway, were among the genes hypomethylated in pSS. Functional analysis of genes with a minimum of two DMPs showed involvement in antigen binding, transcriptional regulation, cell adhesion, IFN-γ pathway, type I IFN pathway, antigen presentation, Epstein-Barr virus infection, human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 virus infection, and metabolic disease-related pathways. In addition, patients with higher serum IgG levels exhibited enrichment in Notch signaling and metabolic-related pathways. Upon comparing monocytes with salivary gland epithelial cells, an important overlap was observed in the cell cycle, cell senescence, and interleukin-17 signaling pathways. The differentially methylated genes were more enriched in the ribosome- and AMP-activated protein kinase signaling pathway in anti-Ro/SSA and anti-La/SSB autoantibodies double-positive patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Genome-wide DNA methylation profiling revealed significant differences in DNA methylation in monocytes isolated from patients with pSS.


Subject(s)
DNA Methylation/genetics , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Monocytes , Sjogren's Syndrome/genetics
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 292-301, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878038

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Generic drugs are bioequivalent to their brand-name counterparts; however, concerns still exist regarding the effectiveness and safety of generic drugs because of small sample sizes and short follow-up time in most studies. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term antihypertensive efficacy, cost-effectiveness and cardiovascular outcomes of generic drugs compared with brand-name drugs.@*METHODS@#In a multicenter, community-based study including 7955 hypertensive patients who were prospectively followed up for an average of 2.5 years, we used the propensity-score-matching method to match the patients using brand-name drugs to those using generic drugs in a ratio of 1:2, 2176 patients using brand-name drugs and 4352 patients using generic drugs.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences between generic drugs and brand-name drugs in blood pressure (BP)-lowering efficacy, BP control rate, and cardiovascular outcomes including coronary heart disease and stroke. The adjusted mean (95% confidence interval [CI]) of systolic BP (SBP)-lowering was -7.9 mmHg (95% CI, -9.9 to -5.9) in the brand-name drug group and -7.1 mmHg (95% CI, -9.1 to -5.1) in the generic drug group after adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, number of antihypertensive drugs and traditionally cardiovascular risk factors. Among patients aged <60 years, brand-name drugs had a higher BP control rate (47% vs. 41%; P = 0.02) and a greater effect in lowering SBP compared with generic drugs, with the between-group difference of 1.5 mmHg (95% CI, 0.2-2.8; P = 0.03). BP control rate was higher in male patients using brand-name drugs compared with those using generic drugs (46% vs. 40%; P = 0.01). Generic drugs treatment yielded an average annual incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of $315.4 per patient per mmHg decrease in SBP compared with brand-name drugs treatment.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our data suggested that generic drugs are suitable and cost-effective in improving hypertension management and facilitating public health benefits, especially in low- and middle-income areas.


Subject(s)
Aged , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use , Blood Pressure , China , Drugs, Generic/therapeutic use , Humans , Male , Prospective Studies
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906493

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the quality inspection standard of seeds of <italic>Belamcanda chinensis</italic> and establish the quality grading standard of seeds of <italic>B. chinensis</italic>. Method:The purity of seeds of <italic>B. chinensis</italic> from different producing areas was analyzed,and the 1 000-grain weight,water content,viability and germination rate of seeds of <italic>B. chinensis</italic> with different diameters were determined after diameter classification. K-means was used for cluster analysis to preliminarily formulate the quality grading standard of seeds of <italic>B. chinensis</italic>. Result:There were obvious regional differences in the size of seeds of <italic>B. chinensis</italic>. The particle size of seeds of <italic>B. chinensis</italic> of Xiaochang,Dawu and Huanggang Academy of Agricultural Sciences in Hubei Province was larger and mostly between 4.5 mm to 5.5 mm. The seeds of<italic> B. chinensis </italic>from Tuanfeng,Qujing,Yunnan,and Anguo,Hebei province had smaller particle sizes than those from the other three producing areas,which were mostly between 3.5 mm to 5.0 mm. Arils in seeds of <italic>B. chinensis</italic> were removed by 10% NaClO to effectively break seed dormancy and significantly improve the seed germination rate. On this basis,the seed diameter was taken as the main grading index,and the seed moisture content,viability,germination rate and purity were taken as important reference indexes. The quality of seeds of <italic>B. chinensis</italic> was preliminarily divided into three grades,grade Ⅰ:seed diameter≥5.5 mm,moisture content≤10%,viability≥94%,germination rate≥60%,and cleanliness≥93%;grade Ⅱ:seed diameter≥4.5 mm,moisture content≤10%,viability≥90%,germination rate≥55%,and cleanliness≥85%;and grade Ⅲ:seed diameter≥3.5 mm,moisture content≤10%,viability≥84%,germination rate≥45%,cleanliness≥80%. Conclusion:In this study,the quality grading standard of seeds of <italic>B. chinensis</italic> was preliminarily established to provide reference for the quality evaluation of seeds of <italic>B. chinensis</italic> and the breeding of improved varieties. In addition,the maturity and the storage time of seeds of <italic>B. chinensis</italic> have a greater impact on the quality of seeds,so it is recommended to select fully mature(dark black) seeds and new seeds for production.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906134

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer is a malignant tumor with a variety of complex mechanisms. Current researchers generally believe that its cause may be related to living environment, daily mood, heredity, behavior habits, et al, but its specific pathogenesis has not yet been studied clearly. With the rapid increase in the number of breast cancer patients worldwide, the clinical treatment methods in most countries have also been continuously improved. At present, the methods such as surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and endocrine therapy are mainly adopted in clinical practice. These methods have increased the survival rate of patients, but still with the possibility of recurrence and metastasis, and there are obvious sequelae. Some postoperative patients also experience psychological pressure and burden, which would greatly affect the quality of life. A large number of experiments and clinical experience have proved that due to its unique advantages, traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has serially improved its current status in the extensive treatment of breast cancer. No matter in post-operative rehabilitation or in the process of co-radiation and chemotherapy, it has played an increasingly prominent role. TCM can improve human immunity, regulate the body's environment, effectively prevent the recurrence and metastasis of breast cancer, improve postoperative recovery, reduce the complications of radiation treatment and iatrochemistry, expressively improve the quality of life of patients, and prolong the survival time of patients. In recent years, the effectiveness of TCM in the treatment of breast cancer has brought more and more great trust from the patients in TCM, and most patients are willing to actively receive TCM treatment, so the mechanisms and approaches of TCM intervention in the treatment of breast cancer still need further research and exploration by our medical workers. By consulting the latest domestic and foreign literature, we reviewed the research progress on five approaches of TCM intervention in the treatment of breast cancer, including signaling pathways, immunotherapy, endocrine therapy, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. Signal pathway intervention was explained mainly based on wingless-type MMTV integration site family members(Wnt)signaling pathway , B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2)-associated X protein(Bax)/Bcl-2/cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-3(Caspase-3)signaling pathway, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(PI3K)/protein kinase B(PKB/Akt)/mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR)signaling pathway, a highly conserved signal transduction pathway to regulate cell-cell communication(Notch)signaling pathway, mitogen-activated proteinkinase (MAPK) signaling pathway, etc. This article aims to provide reference for the treatment of breast cancer by Chinese medicine.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906065

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the group modules of Chinese medicine and western medicine for the treatment of bronchitis patients with Xiyanping injection based on the real world to provide references for the clinical treatment of bronchitis with Chinese medicine and western medicine. Method:Medical records of 13 874 patients with bronchitis treated by Xiyanping injection were extracted from 29 hospital information systems (HISs) in China,and complex network analysis was carried out using Tabu Search algorithm to obtain the substructure and associated information of core drug combination of Xiyanping injection for the treatment of bronchitis and to analyze clinical medication protocols. Result:Medication protocols for the pathogens of bronchitis are listed below: Xiyanping injection + cefuroxime for bacterial infection. Xiyanping injection + interferon for viral infection. Xiyanping injection + azithromycin for mycoplasma infection. According to the clinical symptoms and complications of bronchitis, the appropriate medication protocols were as follows: Xiyanping injection + ambroxol + Feilike mixture + ibuprofen for uncomplicated bronchitis. Xiyanping injection + ipratropium bromide + budesonide + salbutamol for asthmatic bronchitis. Xiyanping injection + mannitol + furosemide + phenobarbital + gangliosides + immunoglobulin for bronchitis complicated with viral encephalitis. Xiyanping injection + creatine phosphate sodium + vitamin C for bronchitis complicated with viral myocarditis. The combined medication of Chinese medicine for the treatment of bronchitis was adopted based on its characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine. Conclusion:The data of this study were derived from the real world. The combined medications protocols of Xiyanping injection targeting the clinical symptoms and complications of bronchitis were extracted and summarized. However, it is necessary to formulate an individualized medication protocol according to the specific condition.

8.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1892-1895, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887375

ABSTRACT

@#Posterior capsular opacification is the most common complication after cataract extraction, which seriously influences the quality of life of patients. At present, there is no effective measure to prevent posterior capsular opacification. Surgery or Nd:YAG laser is often used in clinical, and a new treatment is urgently needed. Hippo signaling pathway is involved in the steady-state regulation of many mammalian cells and organs. Recent studies have shown that Hippo signaling pathway can regulate the proliferation, apoptosis, differentiation and other behaviors of lens epithelial cells. Hippo signaling pathway may provide a new target in the treatment of posterior capsular opacification. This article reviews the composition, regulatory mechanism of Hippo signaling pathway and its application in posterior capsular opacification. In order to provide a broader idea for the prevention and treatment of posterior capsular opacification.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921683

ABSTRACT

The present study explored the effects and its underlying mechanisms of four active fractions of Camellia nitidissima(leaf polyphenols, leaf saponins, flower polyphenols, and flower saponins in C. nitidissima) in inhibiting the proliferation and migration of non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC) by suppressing the epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR). MTT assay was used to detect the effect of four active fractions on the proliferation of NCI-H1975 and HCC827 cells. Wound healing assay and Transwell assay were adopted to evaluate the effect of four active fractions on the migration of NSCLC. The effect of four active fractions on the enzyme activity of EGFR was detected. Molecular docking was carried out to explore the direct action capacity and action sites between representative components of the four active fractions and EGPR. Western blot assay was employed to investigate the effect of four active fractions on the protein expression in EGFR downstream signaling pathways. The results of the MTT assay indicated that the cell viability of NCI-H1975 and HCC827 cells was significantly inhibited by four active fractions at 50, 100, 150, and 200 μg·mL~(-1) in a dose-dependent manner. Wound healing assay and Transwell assay revealed that the migration of NCI-H1975 and HCC827 cells was significantly suppressed by four active fractions. In addition, the results of the protein activity assay showed that the enzyme activity of EGFR was significantly inhibited by four active fractions. The molecular docking results confirmed that various components in four active fractions possessed strong binding activity to EGFR enzymes. Western blot assay revealed that four active fractions down-regulated the protein expression of EGFR and its downstream signaling pathways. It is concluded that the four active fractions of C. nitidissima can inhibit NSCLC. The mechanism may be related to EGFR and its downstream signaling pathways. This study provides a new scientific basis for the clinical treatment of NSCLC with active fractions of C. nitidissima, which is of reference significance for further research on the anti-tumor mechanism of C. nitidissima.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Camellia , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Molecular Docking Simulation
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892261

ABSTRACT

Background@#Despite the advances in neonatology, the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is increasing. It is important to prevent the development of BPD in the first place. The online BPD outcome estimator from National Institute of Children Health and Human Development and Neonatal Research Network is available. However, it is not applicable for Asians. Moreover, limits are set for birth weight and gestational weeks excluding those who may still have BPD. The aim of this study was to develop a prediction model for BPD using first hour perinatal and neonatal factors in Korean very low birth weight infants (VLBWIs). @*Methods@#Data were collected for 8,022 VLBWIs with gestational age (GA) ≥ 22 weeks who were born between January 1, 2013 and December 31, 2016, and admitted to the neonatal intensive care units of the KNN. Multiple logistic regression models reanalyzed by stepwise selection with significant clinical indicators for BPD. PROC package was used to calculate the area under curve (AUC) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals. Moreover, it was used to search the best cut-off value. External validation was performed with the 2017 Korean neonatal network (KNN) data. @*Results@#After all missing data were excluded, 4,600 VLBWIs were included in the training dataset of the prediction model. Predictability of presence of BPD was 90.8% and prediction P value cut off was 0.550. Five-minute Apgar score, birth weight, GA, sex, surfactant use were significant indicators. Predictability of severe BPD was 81.5% and prediction P value cut off was 0.160. Five-minute Apgar score, birth weight, maternal PIH, chronic maternal hypertension, GA, sex, respiratory distress syndrome, need of resuscitation at birth were significant indicators. After external validation, sensitivity and specificity did not change significantly. @*Conclusion@#From this study, high predictability was obtained using clinical parameters obtained within one hour of life. P value for prediction of each grade of BPD and equation for calculation was presented. It can be helpful for the early prediction of BPD in Korean VLBWI. This study will contribute to the prediction of BPD in Asians especially Korean VLBWIs, not currently included in the NICHD BPD online BPD predictor. In addition, the predictive power may be continuously increased with the cumulative data of KNN.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872992

ABSTRACT

Objective::To analyze and identify the metabolites of major components of Shaoyao Gancaotang in urine and feces of normal and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) rats, and to explore the effect of PCOS on the metabolism of Shaoyao Gancaotang. Method::Female SD rats were randomly divided into normal group and PCOS group. PCOS rat model was prepared by administration of letrozole solution for 21 days, and the estrous cycle of rats was observed. UHPLC-QTRAP-MS/MS technique and LightSight 2.3 software were used to analyze and identify the metabolites of major components of Shaoyao Gancaotang in urine and feces of normal and PCOS rats. The mobile phase was water-methanol for gradient elution, the flow rate was 0.3 mL·min-1, electrospray ion source was employed under negative ion mode. Result::Phase Ⅰ and phase Ⅱ reactions mainly occurred in drug metabolism. A total of 27 metabolites were detected in urine of normal rats, and 34 metabolites were detected in urine of PCOS rats. A total of 29 metabolites were detected in feces of normal rats, and 27 metabolites were detected in feces of PCOS rats. Conclusion::The metabolites in the urine of PCOS rats are more diverse than those of normal rats, and the disease status of PCOS may affect the in vivo metabolic pathway of active ingredients in Shaoyao Gancaotang.

12.
Neonatal Medicine ; : 174-180, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902809

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The aim of this study was to evaluate the physiological and behavioral effects of auditory stimulation with their own parent’s voice on heart rate and sleep states of very-low-birth-weight infants (VLBWIs) in neonatal intensive care unit. @*Methods@#The data of 28 VLBWIs at the Ewha Womans University Mokdong Hospital between October 2016 and May 2017 was analyzed. They were exposed to sounds similar to those of mothers’ heartbeat they had heard in the uterus and their own parent’s voice. Heart rate was assessed as the physiological responses and sleep state of infants as behavioral response. The sleep states were categorized into six states. The music intervention program was provided twice a week. @*Results@#Twenty-eight babies with an average gestational age of 28 weeks (average birth weight of 1.09 kg) had undergone the sessions (average of 16 times) average of 16 times. During the initial period, there were no meaningful differences of the heart rates measured by the physiological functions before and after the sessions. However, as we move to the adaptive phase, the average heart rate was 156.96±12.22, and the pre-discharge was 149.11±12.01, which indicates meaningful differences (P<0.05). Infants’ behavioral function was statistically insignificant. @*Conclusion@#The music intervention techniques in the neonatal intensive care unit environment in Korea have provided positive influence to VLBWIs' physiological reactions. We were not able to come up with the relevant indicators during this phase of the study but we do plan to announce the future study results after indexing the observation results.

13.
Neonatal Medicine ; : 174-180, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895105

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The aim of this study was to evaluate the physiological and behavioral effects of auditory stimulation with their own parent’s voice on heart rate and sleep states of very-low-birth-weight infants (VLBWIs) in neonatal intensive care unit. @*Methods@#The data of 28 VLBWIs at the Ewha Womans University Mokdong Hospital between October 2016 and May 2017 was analyzed. They were exposed to sounds similar to those of mothers’ heartbeat they had heard in the uterus and their own parent’s voice. Heart rate was assessed as the physiological responses and sleep state of infants as behavioral response. The sleep states were categorized into six states. The music intervention program was provided twice a week. @*Results@#Twenty-eight babies with an average gestational age of 28 weeks (average birth weight of 1.09 kg) had undergone the sessions (average of 16 times) average of 16 times. During the initial period, there were no meaningful differences of the heart rates measured by the physiological functions before and after the sessions. However, as we move to the adaptive phase, the average heart rate was 156.96±12.22, and the pre-discharge was 149.11±12.01, which indicates meaningful differences (P<0.05). Infants’ behavioral function was statistically insignificant. @*Conclusion@#The music intervention techniques in the neonatal intensive care unit environment in Korea have provided positive influence to VLBWIs' physiological reactions. We were not able to come up with the relevant indicators during this phase of the study but we do plan to announce the future study results after indexing the observation results.

14.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837198

ABSTRACT

Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a rare, inherited bone marrow failure syndrome that manifests as anemia in early infancy. Blood transfusion is a critical factor for survival. However, blood transfusions can result in iron overload. Endocrinopathies, hepatic cirrhosis, and cardiomyopathy are the most common complications of iron overload. Here, we report the case of an 18-year-old boy with DBA with hyperglycemia, short stature, and absence of puberty. The patient showed endocrine dysfunction associated with iron overload caused by repeated transfusions. He was eventually diagnosed with acquired hypopituitarism and was placed on testosterone replacement therapy. Endocrine dysfunction is common in patient with DBA, with an early manifestation of symptoms, even in teenage years. Patients receiving corticosteroid treatment or those in remission may also exhibit endocrine dysfunction, although its prevalence is the highest among chronic transfusion patients. Ongoing monitoring and evaluation of growth and pubertal development are needed for better management of these disorders.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828417

ABSTRACT

To analyze the clinincal application characteristics of Xiyanping Injection in real world. The data of the patients came from the hospital information systerm(HIS) of 29 tertiary hospitals in China from 2006 to 2016. It included three parts about basic information, Western medicine diagnosis information, and doctor advice information. The exploration was conducted for the characteristics of the patients and disease distribution as well as the therapeutic regimen. Apriori algorithm was adopted to establish the models, and Clementing 12.0 was used for a correlation analysis of the comprehensive therapeutic regimen of Xiyanping Injection. There were 194 873 cases in the study. The male to female ratio was 1.44∶1. The median age was 4 years old. The median daily dosage was 200 mg. 46.68% of the patients were administered with 250-500 mg, and 33.07% were 50-100 mg one day. 47.08% of the patients were administered for 4-7 d, and 32.65% of the patients were 1-3 d. In the doctor advice information, the most frequently types of Western medicine, traditional Chinese medicine were mucilagin, heat-clearing agent. Second generation cephalosporins, third generation cephalosporins, compound penicillin were the most common types of antibiotic. Interferon, nucleoside and nucleotide, human immunoglobulin were the most common types of antiviral drug. The mining association rules results were analyzed, finding the application of Xiyanping Injection in severe infectious diseases. To improve respiratory symptoms, Xiyanping Injection treaments were Budesonide + Ipratropium Bromide + Ambroxol. To severe pulmonary infection, the treaments were Dopamine + Ambroxine. To severe hand, foot and mouth disease, the treatments were Namefen + Mannitol. To pulmonary heart failure, the treatments were Dobutamine + Heparin. Based on the results of the real world HIS, we could provide clinical application the idea, and a reference for further excavation of the applicable diseases of Xiyanping Injection.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Injections , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Respiratory Tract Infections , Drug Therapy
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846073

ABSTRACT

Objective: To prepare pH-sensitive drug releasing As2O3 loaded liposome (CaAs-LP) and evaluate it in vitro. Methods: CaAs-LP was prepared by thin film dispersion and ion precipitation method. The particle size, PDI, and Zeta potential of CaAs-LP were measured by Malvern particle size analyzer; The morphology of the liposome was investigated by transmission electron microscopy; The drug loading and entrapment efficiency of CaAs-LP by inductively coupled plasma emission spectrum. In vitro release characteristics of CaAs-LP under different pH conditions were investigated by dialysis bag method. MTT assay was used to investigate the toxicity of carrier and CaAs-LP to MCF-7, U87 and HepG2 cells. Results: The prepared CaAs-LP were spherical and well-dispersed with particle size of (117.16 ± 1.94) nm. The encapsulation efficiency and the drug loading rate of CaAs-LP were (74.31 ± 2.11)% and (8.31 ± 0.13)%, respectively. In vitro release studies showed that CaAs-LP had the characteristics of sustained release and pH sensitive drug release, which can achieve specific drug release in the tumor environment. The carrier displayed remarkable biocompatibility in MCF-7, U87, HepG2 and L02 cells. MTT assay showed that the median lethal concentrations (IC50 values) of MCF-7, U87 and HepG2 cells were 11.91, 4.90 and 19.41 μmol/L, while L02 was 27.59 μmol/L, respectively, which showed strong inhibiting effect on tumor cells. Conclusion: CaAs-LP reveals significantly sustained and pH sensitive release characteristics. CaAs-LP is a potential drug delivery system against solid tumor with tumor micro-environment responsive.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826698

ABSTRACT

The specific therapeutic regimen of Bell's palsy was proposed in association with the common refractory factors and the clinical experience of professor -. It is viewed that aging, absent intervention standard treatment at early stage, no prodromal symptoms and progressive onset are the refractory factors. Acupuncture at the local area is predominated in treatment. The different acupoint prescription regimens of acupuncture therapy are selected depending on muscle relaxation, muscle stiffness and specific accompanying symptoms, associated with electric stimulation, moxibustion and the tapping technique with plum-blossom needle so as to ensure the improvement of clinical therapeutic effect.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Bell Palsy , Therapeutics , Facial Paralysis , Therapeutics , Humans , Moxibustion
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802318

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a supercritical fluid chromatography(SFC) method for separating and purifying costunolide and dehydrocostus lactone in Aucklandiae Radix. Method:With supercritical carbon dioxide as the mobile phase,the effect of six factors, such as type of chromatographic columns,modifiers and modifiers ratio, flow rate of mobile phase,pressure and temperature, on the separation process of supercritical fluid chromatography were explored. The target components were separated and prepared by semi-preparative supercritical fluid chromatography. High performance liquid chromatography and nuclear magnetic resonance were used to analyze the components and study the thermodynamic regularity of the chromatographic process. Result:C18 column (10 mm×250 mm,5 μm) was adopted, with supercritical fluid dioxide as the mobile phase,the ratio of methanol was 0.13%,the flow rate was 12 mL·min-1,column pressure was 13 MPa,column temperature was 318℃, and detection wavelength was 225 nm. The sample was injected for 20 times,crude extract was 4 mg,and each target component was collected according to the chromatogram. Its purity was determined to be more than 99%by HPLC,and its structure was determined as costunolide and dehydrocostus lactone by NMR. Under this condition,the SFC separation process was normal-phase chromatography. Conclusion:The method can be used to prepare effective components of Aucklandiae Radix with a high purity and low solvent residue.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802030

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the hepatotoxic material basis of Polygoni Multiflori Radix with zebrafish model, in order to provide a theoretical basis for the study on the mechanism of Polygoni Multiflori Radix hepatotoxicity. Method:Emodin, rhein, aloe emodin, emodin-1-O-glucoside, physcion-8-O-glucoside and aloe emodin-8-O-glucoside for three days (at the concentrations of 0.000 73, 0.002 22, 0.015 05, 0.002 36, 0.198 95, 0.072 73 g·L-1) selected from the early stage of the experiment were continuously administered to zebrafish fertilized for 72 hours to establish the liver fluorescence transgenic larvae animal model. The activities of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), glutathione (GSH) and total bilirubin (TBIL) in zebrafish at 1, 2, 3 day after administration were measured respectively, and the pathological changes of zebrafish liver tissue were analyzed. Result:Emodin, rhein, emodin-1-O-glucoside and physcion-8-O-glucoside had no significant effect on the activities of ALT, AST, GSH and content of TBIL (PPO-glucoside could significantly reduce the activities of ALT, GSH, whereas increased the content of TBIL (PPConclusion:Aloe-emodin and aloe-emodin-8-O-glucoside in Polygoni Multiflori Radix have a toxic effect on zebrafish liver, suggesting that aloe-emodin and aloe-emodin-8-O-glucoside might be the hepatotoxic material basis of Polygoni Multiflori Radix.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777393

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Numerous heart failure risk scores have been developed but there is none for Asians. We aimed to develop a risk calculator, the Singapore Heart Failure Risk Score, to predict 1- and 2-year survival in Southeast Asian patients hospitalised for heart failure.@*MATERIALS AND METHODS@#Consecutive patients admitted for heart failure were identified from the Singapore Cardiac Databank Heart Failure registry. The follow-up was 2 to 4 years and mortality was obtained from national registries.@*RESULTS@#The derivation (2008-2009) and 2 validation cohorts (2008-2009, 2013) included 1392, 729 and 804 patients, respectively. Ten variables were ultimately included in the risk model: age, prior myocardial infarction, prior stroke, atrial fibrillation, peripheral vascular disease, systolic blood pressure, QRS duration, ejection fraction and creatinine and sodium levels. In the derivation cohort, predicted 1- and 2-year survival was 79.1% and 68.1% compared to actual 1- and 2-year survival of 78.2% and 67.9%. There was good agreement between the predicted and observed mortality rates (Hosmer-Lemeshow statistic = 14.36, = 0.073). C-statistics for 2-year mortality in the derivation and validation cohorts were 0.73 (95% CI, 0.70-0.75) and 0.68 (95% CI, 0.64-0.72), respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#We provided a risk score based on readily available clinical characteristics to predict 1- and 2-year survival in Southeast Asian patients hospitalised for heart failure via a simple online risk calculator, the Singapore Heart Failure Risk Score.

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