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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936112

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinicopathologic features and prognosis of the different types of fibrous dysplasia (FD) of cranio-maxillofacial region, so as to provide a new reference for clinicians to treat these patients and make prognostic judgement.@*METHODS@#Clinical records, radiographic data and pathological information of 105 patients diagnosed with FD or McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS) at the Department of Oral Pathology, Peking University Hospital of Stomatology from January 2013 to December 2020 were collected. The patients were divided into 4 groups: monostotic FDs, polyostotic FDs, MAS and a specific type called craniofacial fibrous dysplasia (CFD) limited in the craniofacial region. The clinicopathological characteristics, treatment and follow-up data of each type were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Of all the 105 patients, 46 were males and 59 were females, with a male-to-female ratio of 1 ∶1.3. The onset age ranged from 0 to 56 years and the median age was 12 years. On the basis of different involvement conditions, 4 types were divided. The most common type was monostotic FDs (43 cases, 40.95%), including maxilla (29 cases), mandibular (12 cases) and zygoma (2 cases). 32 cases (30.48%) were diagnosed with polyostotic FDs, 7 cases (6.67%) were MAS, and 23 cases (21.90%) were CFDs confirmed by computed tomography (CT) analysis. CFD was clearly distinct from other types of FD, such as the patient gender and the serum alkaline phosphatase level in peripheral blood before operative surgery. The pathologic findings of various types FD were quite similar, whilst the predominant fibrous tissue hyperplasia could be observed in polyostotic FDs and MAS types.@*CONCLUSION@#The clinicopathologic features of FD in the cranio-maxillofacial region are different from the FD lesions in other parts of the body. The clinicopathological features of CFD are significantly different from those of monostotic and polyostotic FDs in the cranio-maxillofacial region. Therefore, the clinicians should pay attention to distinguish CFD in clinic, imaging and pathology aspects, so as to further clarify its features in clinic management and prognosis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Fibrous Dysplasia, Polyostotic , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Mandible , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Young Adult
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928711

ABSTRACT

In recent years, studies have found that mitochondrial transfer between leukemic cells and different types of cells in their bone marrow microenvironment, especially mesenchymal stem cells, plays a key role in the occurrence, development and drug resistance of hematological malignant tumors. This paper mainly introduces the role and latest research progress of mitochondrial transfer in acute and chronic myeloid leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia and multiple myeloma, and briefly describes the mechanism of drug resistance caused by mitochondrial transfer in leukemic cells during chemotherapy. The aim is to provide a new idea and theoretical basis for using intercellular mitochondrial transfer as a potential therapeutic target.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Hematologic Neoplasms/metabolism , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Mitochondria , Multiple Myeloma/metabolism , Tumor Microenvironment
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920792

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of injury among both primary and middle school students in Changning District, Shanghai, and to provide evidence for injury prevention. Methods In 2018, data of basic characteristics and injury-related factors were obtained through field questionnaire survey among the selected primary and middle schools (2 of each). Results The study finally included 1 821 students, with injury incidence rate of 30.1%. Among them, the injury incidence rate for the primary schools was 32.0%, and 28.8% for the middle schools. The top three injury types were falls, sharps injuries, and blunt injuries. Age, gender, myopia, and injury-related knowledge/behaviors were significantly related to injury incidence. Conclusion Falls should still be the priority of injury prevention for primary/middle school students in Changning District. The effect of reducing injuries can be achieved by improving health education about injury-related knowledge/behaviors.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942358

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the morphological variation of Oncomelania hupensis shells in Yunnan Province, so as to provide insights into the understanding of O. hupensis genetic evolution and control. Methods According to the O. hupensis density, geographical location, altitude, water system and environmental type, 12 administrative villages were sampled from 10 schistosomiasis-endemic counties (districts) in 3 prefectures (cities) of Yunnan Province as snail collection sites. From December 2021 to January 2022, about 200 snails were collected from each collection site, among which thirty adult snails (6 to 7 spirals) were randomly selected from each site, and the 11 morphological indexes of snail shells were measured and subjected to cluster analysis and principal component analysis. Results Of O. hupensis snails from 12 localities of Yunnan Province, the longest shell (7.33 mm) was detected in snails from Yongle Village, Eryuan County, with the shortest (4.68 mm) in Dongyuan Village, Gucheng District, and the largest angle of apex (59.47°) was measured in snails from Caizhuang Village, Midu County, with the smallest (41.40°) in Qiandian Village, Eryuan County. The mean coefficient of variation was 9.075% among O. hupensis snails from 12 localities of Yunnan Province, with the largest coefficient of variation seen in the thickness of the labra brim (29.809%). Among O. hupensis snails from 12 localities of Yunnan Province, the mean Euclidean distance was 2.26, with the shortest Euclidean distance seen between O. hupensis snails from Qiandian Village of Eryuan County and Wuxing Village of Dali City (0.26), and the largest found between O. hupensis snails from Caizhuang Village of Midu County and Cangling Village of Chuxiong County (8.17). Cluster analysis and principal component analysis classified O. hupensis snails from 12 localities of Yunnan Province into three categories, including the O. hupensis snail samples from Caizhuang Village of Midu County, O. hupensis snail samples from Cangling Village of Chuxiong County, and O. hupensis snail samples from Qiandian Village of Eryuan County, Wuxing Village of Dali City, Yangwu Village of Yongsheng County, Xiaoqiao Village of Xiangyun County, Yongle Village of Eryuan County, Xiaocen Village of Dali City, Anding Village of Nanjian County, Dongyuan Village of Gucheng District, Lianyi Village of Heqing County, and Dianzhong Village of Weishan County. The variations in these three categories of snail samples were mainly measured in the principal component 2 related to the angle of apex and the thickness of the labra brim. Conclusions The variations in the Euclidean distance and morphological features of shells of O. hupensis from 12 localities of Yunnan Province gradually rise with the decrease in the latitude of the collection sites. The angle of apex is an indicator for the growth of O. hupensis whorl.

5.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 590-594, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940966

ABSTRACT

In re-cent 20 years, the development of cell biology technology has promoted the research of keloid. Keloid fibroblasts (KFbs) are the main effector cells in keloid, which are closely related to the occurrence and development of keloid. It is significantly different in terms of biological characteristics and gene expression between KFbs and normal fibroblasts. This articles reviews the characteristics of KFbs from multiple perspectives, describing its biological character- istics in details including microstructures, metabolic character- istics, and proliferation properties, and introducing the main characteristics of heterogeneity and genomics of KFbs. The further research on KFbs will help to elucidate the pathogenesis of keloids and provide valuable strategies for the prevention and treatment of keloids.


Subject(s)
Fibroblasts/metabolism , Humans , Keloid/pathology
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940643

ABSTRACT

Gouty arthritis (GA) is the metabolic rheumatism caused by purine metabolism disorder, which can be acute or chronic. The main manifestations of GA include recurrent redness, swelling, heat pain, and dysfunction of the affected joints. According to the theory of modern medicine, GA is closely associated with the increase in uric acid, the participation of inflammatory cytokines, the weakening of antioxidant response, apoptosis, and the imbalance of intestinal flora and bone metabolism, whereas the specific pathogenesis remains unclear. GA is characterized by easy diagnosis, difficult treatment, and high recurrence rate, which seriously affects the life quality of patients. Colchicine, corticosteroids, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors are the commonly used western medicines for this disease, which demonstrate remarkable short-term therapeutic effect. However, long-term use of these medicines will bring serious adverse reactions. Chinese medicines, with high safety and causing few adverse reactions, have a variety of active components which can act on multiple pathways and targets to exert synergistic effects, thus attracting wide attention. This paper systematically reviews the literature reporting the Chinese medicines in improving antioxidant response, reducing chondrocyte apoptosis, and regulating intestinal flora and bone metabolism, aiming to further clarify the pathogenesis of GA and provide a scientific basis for the clinical application of Chinese medicines in the prevention and treatment of GA.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939989

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the characteristics of pelvic floor structure and electrophysiology in female patients with stroke. MethodsFrom June to December, 2020, 21 female inpatients with stroke in Zhongda Hospital, Southeast University (stroke group) were divided into urinary incontinence (UI) group (n = 6) and non-urinary incontinence (NUI) group (n = 15), and other 20 healthy subjects were as control group. They were observed with pelvic floor ultrasonography and pelvic floor surface electromyogram. ResultsAverage electromyography, integral electromyography, root mean square, mean power frequency and median frequency decreased in UI and NUI groups compared with those of the control group (P < 0.05), but there was no significant difference between UI group and NUI group (P > 0.05). Bladder neck position, bladder neck angle, bladder neck mobility, urethral rotation angle; and anteroposterior diameter, left-right diameter and area of levator ani muscle hiatus after Valsalva's action were all not different among three groups (F < 2.484, P > 0.05). ConclusionThe activities of pelvic floor muscles decrease in female patients with stroke, without obvious changes of pelvic floor supporting structures, whatever UI.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939523

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy between wrist-ankle acupuncture and conventional acupuncture on shoulder-hand syndrome (SHS) phaseⅠafter stroke.@*METHODS@#A total of 64 patients with SHS phaseⅠafter stroke were randomized into a wrist-ankle acupuncture group and a conventional acupuncture group, 32 cases in each group. On the basis treatment of internal medicine and conventional rehabilitation, wrist-ankle acupuncture was applied at upper 4 area, upper 5 area and upper 6 area on the affected side in the wrist-ankle acupuncture group, while acupuncture was applied at Jianyu (LI 15), Quchi (LI 11), Shousanli (LI 10), etc. on the affected side in the conventional acupuncture group. The treatment was given 30 min each time, once a day, 5 days a week for 3 weeks in both groups. Before and after treatment, the visual analogue scale (VAS) score, degree of hand swelling, shoulder-hand syndrome scale (SHSS) score, Fugl-Meyer assessment for upper extremity (FMA-UE) score and modified Barthel index (MBI) score were observed, and the clinical therapeutic effect was evaluated in both groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the VAS scores, degree of hand swelling and SHSS scores were decreased (P<0.05), and the FMA-UE scores and MBI scores were increased (P<0.05) compared before treatment in both groups; in the wrist-ankle acupuncture group, the VAS score, degree of hand swelling and SHSS score were lower (P<0.05), and the FMA-UE score and MBI score were higher (P<0.05) than those in the conventional acupuncture group. The total effective rate was 96.9% (31/32) in the wrist-ankle acupuncture group, which was superior to 90.6% (29/32) in the conventional acupuncture group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Wrist-ankle acupuncture can effectively relieve pain and hand swelling, improve motor function of upper extremity and self-care ability of daily life in patients with shoulder-hand syndrome phaseⅠafter stroke, the therapeutic effect is superior to conventional acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Ankle , Humans , Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy/therapy , Stroke/therapy , Upper Extremity , Wrist
9.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 285-289, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935939

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the diagnostic value of immediate color Doppler ultrasonography on traumatic hepatic hemorrhage after tissue sampling with ultrasound-guided liver biopsy and the clinical effect of its-directed local compression hemostasis at puncture-site. Methods: 132 hospitalized patients with various liver diseases underwent ultrasound-guided hepatic puncture-biopsies, including 61 cases with diffuse parenchymal and 71 cases with focal liver lesions. Immediate postoperative color Doppler ultrasonography was performed following liver biopsy. Abnormal blood flow signal was observed at hepatic puncture biopsy site, and if there were hemorrhagic signals, ultrasound-directed local compression hemostasis was performed until the bleeding signal disappeared. F-test and Chi-square test were used for statistical analysis. Results: Immediate color Doppler ultrasonography showed traumatic hemorrhage in 36.1% (22/61) and 40.8% (29/71) cases of diffuse liver disease and focal liver disease group, respectively. All hemorrhagic signals were eventually disappeared after ultrasound-directed local compression hemostasis. The median hemostasis time was 2 min in both groups, and there was no statistically significant difference in bleeding rate and hemostasis time between the two groups (P>0.05). There were no serious complications and deaths. Conclusion: Traumatic hepatic hemorrhage along the needle puncture tract is a common accompanying condition during liver biopsy. Immediate postoperative color Doppler ultrasonography can trace bleeding signals in timely manner and direct effective compression hemostasis, so it should be used routinely to help avoid occurrence of severe hemorrhagic complications.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Hemorrhage/etiology , Hemostasis/physiology , Humans , Liver/pathology , Liver Diseases/pathology , Ultrasonography , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color/adverse effects
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933745

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the impact of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic on career choosing perspective among medical students and to analyze the related factors.Methods:Semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted during March 1-25 2020 among 19 medical students of 8-year program from Peking Union Medical College. The grounded theory and thematic analysis were applied to code the data and identify categories and factors.Results:Among the 19 respondents aged 19-26 years, 9 were males and 10 were female; 10 were at the clinical stage, and 9 were at the premedical stage; 3 respondents had family members involved in medical profession. Thematic analysis identified 6 main categories that affect the variability of medical students' career prospects under the COVID-19 pandemic. The 6 themes were individual characteristics of students; occupational characteristics; systemic factors; COVID-19 events; stressors of physicians and influence of job satisfaction.The outbreak affected everyone's mind of future career to varying degrees. The participants had been exposed to more negative aspects, while only one participant changed her career intention. There were conflicting views on whether to choose some specialties in future, such as respiratory medicine, infectious disease and critical care medicine. The participants feel more pressure as a doctor from the attitude of the public. Almost all participants mentioned feeling unsafe due to the high risk of occupational exposure and doctor-patient relationships. Most valued the support from their family, faculty, classmates, and volunteers. Many participants expressed their hope to improve the medical policies and systems.Conclusions:The influence of COVID-19 outbreak on medical students' career choosing can be positive as well as negative in different degrees. However, we found no evidence that it altered their perspectives substantially.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931349

ABSTRACT

The establishment of outcome-based or competency-based education is an important feature of today's curriculum plans. This paper reviews the development and application of outcome-based education (OBE) in medical education. Based on the concept of OBE, the curriculum framework system of Higher Medical Education is reformed and optimized, and the frameworks of course learning outcome, curriculum teaching theme and curriculum competency are redesigned and determined. Outcome-based curriculum reform reflects the requirements of global healthcare education for medical talents in the new era. Driven by the learning outcomes of postgraduates, the curriculum reform focuses on cultivating the postgraduates' recognition, understanding, analysis and research of the phenomena and problem-solving abilities in medical education by providing courses with different teaching topics, clear learning objectives and requirements. The systematic improvement of teaching quality is helpful to further promote the scientific research of medical education and the cultivation of professional talents in medical education management.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930580

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of advance care planning among patients with chronic heart failure, so as to provide reference for the clinical practice of advance care planning.Methods:A total of 62 chronic heart failure patients from October 2017 to November 2019 in Fuwai Central China Cardiovascular Hospital were assigned to control group and experimental group according to the enrolled time, with 31 cases in each group. The patients in the control group from October 2017 to October 2018 recieved routine nursing, the experimental group from November 2018 to November 2019 carried out advance care planning based on the routine care. Before and after 3 weeks of intervention, the fatigue symptom and psychological condition were assessed by the Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI-20) and Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90), respectively.Results:There was no significant difference in the score of MFI-20 and SCL-90 before intervention between the two groups( P>0.05). After 3 weeks of intervention, the mental fatigue scores and total scores in MFI-20 were (8.23 ± 2.77), (51.00 ± 5.03) points in the experimental group, significantly lower than those in the control group (10.23 ± 2.58), (54.06 ± 5.50) points, the differences were statistically significant ( t=2.94, 2.29, all P<0.05). After 3 weeks of intervention, the somatization, obsessive symptoms, depression, anxiety, hostility scores and total score of SCL-90 were (1.28 ± 0.14), (1.43 ± 0.09), (1.19 ± 0.12), (1.13 ± 0.08), (1.33 ± 0.07), (121.00 ± 3.68) points in the experimental group, significantly lower than those in the control group (1.82 ± 0.44), (1.73 ± 0.58), (1.69 ± 0.12), (1.78 ± 0.13), (1.39 ± 0.10), (144.69 ± 9.09) points, the differences were statistically significant ( t values were 2.76-23.06, all P<0.05). Conclusions:Advance care planning can effectively alleviate fatigue symptom and improve psychological condition of patients with chronic heart failure.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930222

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of invasive arterial blood pressure (IBP) monitoring on the prognosis of patients with sepsis.Methods:Patients with sepsis from the MIMIC-Ⅳ database were collected and divided into IBP and non-invasive blood pressure monitoring (NIBP) groups according to whether IBP monitoring was performed. Baseline variables that were considered clinically relevant or showed a univariate relationship with the outcome were entered into a multivariate logistic regression model as covariates.Propensity score matching(PSM) and inverse probability of treatment weighing(IPTW) were used to adjust confounders to ensure the robustness of findings.Subgroup analysis were conducted to evaluate the effect of differences in IBP onset and duration on outcome.Results:The 28-day mortality is lower in IBP group compared with NIBP group( OR=0.54, 95% CI 0.46-0.62, P<0.001), the conclusion maintain robust after PSM and IPTW.Then we conducted a series of logistic regression regarding to different initial IBP time(<24 h,24 h-48 h,>48 h) and the initial IBP time within 24 h showed the same results compared to primary outcoms( OR=0.42, 95% CI: 0.36-0.49, P<0.001). IBP duration varied (≤1day, ≤2days, ≤3days, ≤4days, >4days) all showed a statistically significant association with decreased 28-day mortality in the IBP group. Conclusions:IBP is associated with decreased 28-day mortality in patients with sepsis, and the optimal time of IBP is within 24 hours.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928091

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the effects of geniposide(GP) on the expression of prokineticin(PK2) and prokineticin receptor 1(PKR1) in db/db mice with diabetic nephropathy(DN), so as to explore how the PK2 signaling pathway participated in the pathological changes of DN and whether GP exerted the therapeutic effect through this signaling pathway. Male mice were randomly divided into four groups, namely db/m, db/db, db/db+GP, and db/m+GP groups, with five in each group. The mice in the db/db+GP and db/m+GP groups were gavaged with 150 mg·kg~(-1) GP for eight successive weeks. Afterwards, all the mice were sacrificed and the renal tissues were embedded. The morphological changes in glomerulus and renal tubules were observed by Masson and PAS staining. The expression levels of PK2, PKR1, and Wilm's Tumor Protein 1(WT_1) in podocytes were detected by immunohistochemistry, and the protein expression levels of PK2 and PKR1 in mouse kidney by Western blot. The morphological results showed serious glomerular and tubular fibrosis(Masson), high glomerular and tubular injury score(PAS), increased glomerular mesangial matrix, thickened basement membrane, exfoliated brush border of renal tubules, decreased WT_1 in glomerular podocytes, and massive loss of podocytes in the db/db group. After administration with GP, the glomerular and tubular fibrosis was alleviated, accompanied by improved glomerular basement membrane and renal tubule brush edge, and up-regulated WT_1. As revealed by further protein detection, in the db/db group, the expression levels of PK2 and PKR1 and p-Akt/Akt ratio declined, whereas the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 rose. Ho-wever, PKR2 and p-ERK/ERK ratio did not change significantly. After administration with GP, the PK2 and PKR1 expression was elevated, and p-Akt/Akt ratio was increased. There was no obvious change in PKR2, Bax/Bcl-2 ratio, or p-ERK/ERK ratio. All these have demonstrated that GP improves the renal damage in DN mice, and PK2/PKR1 signaling pathway may be involved in such protection, which has provided reference for clinical treatment of DN with GP.


Subject(s)
Animals , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Nephropathies/genetics , Iridoids , Kidney , Male , Mice , Signal Transduction
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927941

ABSTRACT

Chinese medicine processing is a procedure to process medicinal materials under the guidance of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) theories by using unique methods in China. The medicinal materials can only be used clinically after proper processing. With the development of the modernization of TCM, it is difficult to solve the problems in the inheritance, development, and internationalization of Chinese medicine processing. Metabonomics, a new omics technology developed at the end of the last century, is used to infer the physiological or pathological conditions of the organism with the methods such as NMR and LC-MS via investigating the changes in endogenous small molecule metabolic network after the organism is stimulated by external environment. Metabonomics coincides with the holistic view of TCM because it displays the characteristics of integrity, comprehensiveness, and dynamics, and it has been widely applied in the field of Chinese medicine processing in recent years. This study summarized the application of metabonomics in the processing mechanism and quality control of Chinese medicine processing and prospected the development of this technology in the field of Chinese medicine processing.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Mass Spectrometry , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Metabolomics/methods , Quality Control
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927896

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of continuous exercise training (CT) and high-intensity interval exercise training (HIIT) on liver lipid metabolism and the correlation of the level of fibroblast growth factor 21(FGF21) in serum and liver tissues. Methods: Male SD rats were randomly divided into normal diet group (N) and obesity model group (H) after 1 week of adaptive feeding. Rats in the obesity model group were fed with 45% high-fat diet for about 8 weeks, and 20% weight increase compared with normal rats was considered as obesity. The rats were divided into normal diet control group (LC), normal diet HIIT group (LHI), normal diet CT group (LCT), High fat diet-induced obese control group (OC), obese HIIT group (OHI), and obese CT group (OCT) (n=10). Exercised rats were given weight-bearing swimming training intervention for 8 weeks. Blood samples were collected at least 24h after the last exercise intervention to detect the serum levels of inflammatory factors and FGF21. Liver tissue samples were collected to detect the lipid content, lipid metabolic enzyme content and FGF21 expression level. Results: Compared with LC group, the body weight, serum inflammatory factors levels and hepatic triglyceride content were increased significantly (P<0.05). Hepatic triglyceride content was downregulated in LHI group and FGF21 expression level was enhanced in LCT group (P<0.05). Compared with OC group, the body weight and hepatic triglyceride content were decreased significantly (P<0.05), mitochondrial CPT-1β and β-HAD enzyme contents in liver were increased significantly (P<0.05) in OHI group, the contents of LPL and FAT/CD36 enzyme in liver and the levels of FGF21 in serum and liver of OCT group were increased significantly (P<0.05). Conclusion: Both exercise modes can reduce the body weight in normal and obese rats, and lipid deposition in the liver of obese rats. HIIT has a more significant effect on alleviating liver lipid deposition in obese rats by upregulating mitochondrial lipid oxidation level in normal and obese rats. CT improves the levels of FGF21 in serum and liver tissues of normal and obese rats, enhances enzyme contents that involved in fatty acids uptake to the liver, which has limited effect on alleviating lipid deposition in liver of obese rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Body Weight , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Fatty Liver , Fibroblast Growth Factors , Male , Obesity/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Triglycerides
17.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1006-1009, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924222

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To compare the efficacy of intravitreal conbercept or ranibizumab for myopic choroidal neovascularization(CNV).<p>METHODS: A retrospective cohort study. This study included 46 patients(46 eyes)with myopic CNV who were treated with conbercept(conbercept group, 20 cases, 20 eyes)or ranibizumab(ranibizumab group, 26 cases, 26 eyes)from March 2015 to August 2019. Central macular thickness(CMT), the number of injections and complications measured by best-corrected visual acuity(BCVA)and optical coherence tomography(OCT)were compared between the two groups before treatment and 1, 3, 6mo after treatment.<p>RESULTS: Before treatment, the BCVA(LogMAR)of conbercept and ranibizumab groups were 0.81±0.51, 0.83±0.66(<i>P</i>=0.900). After treatment, the BCVA(LogMAR)in the conbercept group at 1, 3 and 6mo were 0.59±0.33, 0.49±0.34, 0.44±0.32, in the ranibizumab group were 0.53±0.54, 0.47±0.47, 0.40±0.43. The BCVA was significantly improved in both groups after treatment(all <i>P</i><0.001). Before treatment, the CMT of conbercept and ranibizumab groups were 242.30±73.27, 233.38±66.63μm(<i>P</i>=0.669). After treatment, the CMT in the conbercept group at 1, 3, and 6mo were 217.00±54.78, 208.65±55.38, 206.00±45.34μm, in the ranibizumab group were 197.42±50.47, 198.38±55.19, 192.15±51.97μm. The CMT was significantly decreased in both groups after treatment(all <i>P</i><0.05). There were no significant differences in the number of injections, BCVA and CMT at each follow-up time points between conbercept and ranibizumab groups(all <i>P</i>>0.05). Systemic adverse reactions and serious ocular complications were not found during the treatment period.<p>CONCLUSION: Intravitreal conbercept or ranibizumab provide similar efficacy to improve the BCVA and reduce the CMT in the patients with myopic CNV. Both conbercept and ranibizumab could be a choice of treatment for myopic CNV.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880079

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify differentiation related miRNA and evaluate roles of miRNA during ATRA induced myeloid differentiation.@*METHODS@#The small RNA sequencing was used to analyze differential expressed miRNAs in ATRA induced NB4 cells. Then the several up or down-regulated miRNA were selected as the research candidates. SgRNAs targeting the genome of each miRNA were designed and NB4 cells with inducible expression of Cas9 protein were generated. After transduced sgRNA into NB4/Cas9 cells, the mutation level by PCR and surveyor assay were evaluated. The cell differentiation level was investigated by surface CD11b expression via flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#A total of 410 mature miRNAs which expressed in NB4 cells were detected out after treated by ATRA, 74 miRNAs were up-regulated and 55 were down-regulated miRNAs with DNA cleavage generated by CRISPR/Cas9 was assayed directly by PCR or surveyor assay, quantitative PCR showed that the expression of miRNA was downregulated, which evaluated that gene edition successfully inhibitied the expression of mature miRNA. MiR-223 knockout showed the myeloid differentation of NB4 significantly inhibitied, while miRNA-155 knockout showed the myeloid differentation of NB4 cells significantly increased.@*CONCLUSION@#CRISPR/Cas9 is a powerful tool for gene editing and can lead to miRNA knockout. Knockouts of miR-223 and miR-155 have shown a differentiation-related phenotype, and the potential mechanism is the integrative regulation of target genes.


Subject(s)
CRISPR-Cas Systems , Cell Differentiation , Gene Editing , MicroRNAs/genetics , Sequence Analysis, RNA , Tretinoin
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921732

ABSTRACT

Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma is a Chinese herbal medicine that promotes blood circulation to remove blood stasis, nourishes blood to tranquilize the mind, and cools blood to disperse carbuncles. Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma has microcirculation-improving, blood vessel-dilating, atherosclerosis-preventing, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, and blood pressure-and blood lipid-lowering activities. As research progresses, the chemical composition, pharmacological effect, and clinical application of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma have attracted much attention. We reviewed the research progress in this field. Based on the concept of quality marker(Q-marker) in traditional Chinese medicine, the Q-markers of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma were predicted and analyzed from the aspects of quality transfer, traceability, ingredient specificity, association between ingredients and pharmacological effects, ingredient predictability, and compounding environment. This review provides a scientific basis for the quality control of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and its preparations.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Roots , Rhizome , Salvia miltiorrhiza
20.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1360-1364, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921060

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of umbilical moxibustion on phlegm damp constitution and intestinal flora, and explore the mechanism of umbilical moxibustion in improving phlegm damp constitution.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 subjects with phlegm damp constitution were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each group. The control group was given TCM health guidance, such as diet and exercise; on the basis of the control group, umbilical moxibustion was applied in the observation group, 7 moxa cones each time, 2 times a week for 8 weeks. Before and after intervention, the indexes (transformation score of phlegm damp constitution, body mass, body mass index [BMI], waist circumference, hip circumference, heart rate and blood pressure) related to phlegm damp constitution were recorded in the two groups. The intestinal flora was detected with 16S rDNA sequencing technology in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After intervention, the transformation score of phlegm damp constitution, body mass, BMI, waist circumference and hip circumference were decreased compared before intervention in the observation group (@*CONCLUSION@#Umbilical moxibustion may reshape the intestinal flora by up-regulating the relative abundance of


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Humans , Moxibustion , Mucus
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