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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1534-1540, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013744

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the protective effect of eplerenone on the contralateral kidney in pregnant rats with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and its mechanism. Methods Female Wistar rats were randomly divided into sham-operation group, sham-operation pregnancy group, model group and eplerenone group. The rats in the model group and eplenone group had ligation unilateral ureter, and the rats in the eplenone group were treated with 100 mg • kg

2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 694-699, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965803

ABSTRACT

AIM: To analyze the clinical and histopathological composition of orbital tumors and tumor-like lesions.METHODS: Retrospective case-series study. The clinical histopathological data of 699 cases(707 eyes)with orbital tumor and tumor-like lesions who treated in the orbital disease and ophthalmic plastic department of Tianjin Eye Hospital between January 2010 and December 2020 were collected. All the pathology diagnosis results were divided into three categories which were benign tumor, borderline tumor and malignant tumor according to the eighth edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer staging system and the 2018 World Health Organization Classification of tumors of the eye. All cases were divided into four groups according to age, including 0~17 years old, 18~39 years old, 40~59 years old, 60 years and above. The histological composition of each group was analyzed.RESULTS: Among the 699 cases(707 eyes), 311 patients(316 eyes)were male and 388 patients(391 eyes)were female. The patient's age at diagnosis ranged from 1 to 84 years(mean 39.9±2.2)years. The right orbit was involved in 307 patients, the left orbit in 384 patients, and 8 patients in bilateral orbit. There were 598 patients(604 eyes, 85.6%)with benign tumor and tumor-like lesions, 7 patients(7 eyes, 1.0%)with borderline tumor, and 94 patients(96 eyes, 13.4%)with malignant tumors. The top 5 benign tumor and tumor-like lesions were cavernous hemangioma(110 cases, 15.7%), dermoid cysts(96 cases, 13.7%), pleomorphic adenomas(54 cases, 7.7%), inflammatory pseudotumors(38 cases, 5.4%), and schwannomas(29 cases, 4.1%)respectively. The top 5 borderline and malignant tumors were non-Hodgkin lymphomas(42 cases, 41.6%), solitary fibrous tumors(12 cases, 11.9%), adenoid cystic carcinomas(11 cases, 10.9%), metastatic tumor(9 cases, 8.9%), and rhabdomyosarcoma(8 cases, 7.9%), respectively. Among the common orbital benign tumors and tumor-like lesions, cavernous hemangioma and pleomorphic adenoma showed a female predominance. Among the common borderline and malignant tumors, non-Hodgkin lymphoma and mesenchymal chondrosarcoma showed a male predominance. The most common benign and malignant tumors were dermoid cysts, rhabdomyosarcomas respectively in group under 18 years old. And dermoid cysts and solitary fibrous tumors were the most common benign and malignant tumors respectively in patients between 18 and 39 years old. Cavernous hemangioma and non-Hodgkin lymphomas were the most common benign and malignant tumors respectively in patients between 40 and 59 years old. While cavernous hemangioma and non-Hodgkin lymphomas were the most common benign and malignant tumors respectively in cases over 60 years old.CONCLUSION: Most orbital tumors and tumor-like lesions are benign. The most common benign orbital tumor is cavernous hemangioma, followed by dermoid cyst. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is the most common malignant orbital tumor.

3.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 557-565, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985444

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the antimicrobial resistance of food-borne diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) and the prevalence of mcr genes that mediates mobile colistin resistance in parts of China, 2020. Methods: For 91 DEC isolates recovered from food sources collected from Fujian province, Hebei province, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region and Shanghai city in 2020, Vitek2 Compact biochemical identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing platform was used for the detection of antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) against to 18 kinds of antimicrobial compounds belonging to 9 categories, and multi-polymerase chain reaction (mPCR) was used to detect the mcr-1-mcr-9 genes, then a further AST, whole genome sequencing (WGS) and bioinformatics analysis were platformed for these DEC isolates which were PCR positive for mcr genes. Results: Seventy in 91 isolates showed different antimicrobial resistance levels to the drugs tested with a resistance rate of 76.92%. The isolates showed the highest antimicrobial resistance rates to ampicillin (69.23%, 63/91) and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (59.34%, 54/91), respectively. The multiple drug-resistant rate was 47.25% (43/91). Two mcr-1 gene and ESBL (extended-spectrum beta-lactamase) positive EAEC (enteroaggregative Escherichia coli) strains were detected. One of them was identified as serotype of O11:H6, which showed a resistance profile to 25 tested drugs referring to 10 classes, and 38 drug resistance genes were predicted by genome analysis. The other one was O16:H48 serotype, which was resistant to 21 tested drugs belonging to 7 classes and carried a new variant of mcr-1 gene (mcr-1.35). Conclusion: An overall high-level antimicrobial resistance was found among foodborne DEC isolates recovered from parts of China in 2020, and so was the MDR (multi-drug resistance) condition. MDR strains carrying multiple resistance genes such as mcr-1 gene were detected, and a new variant of mcr-1 gene was also found. It is necessary to continue with a dynamic monitoring on DEC contamination and an ongoing research into antimicrobial resistance mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colistin/pharmacology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Escherichia coli Infections/epidemiology , Escherichia coli Proteins/genetics , Drug Resistance, Bacterial/genetics , China/epidemiology , Escherichia coli , Plasmids/genetics , Microbial Sensitivity Tests
4.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1207-1210, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009213

ABSTRACT

Hoffa fracture is an unstable intra-articular fracture with significant redisplacement tendency. It is easy to be missed diagnosis when accompanied by distal intercondylar or supracondylar fracture of femur. CT scan is the gold standard for the diagnosis of Hoffa fracture. The treatment principles are anatomic reduction of the articular surface, reliable internal fixation, and early functional activity. At present, the main treatment is arthroscopic screw fixation. During screw fixation, the tail cap of screw should be buried, resulting in non-healing iatrogenic injury of articular cartilage. In the early postoperative functional activity of knee joint, fracture block was repeatedly subjected to backward and upward shear force under the action of the tibial plateau, which is the main reason for the failure of internal fixation. Plate assisted screw fixation could increase local mechanical stability, but it still cannot avoid the defects of iatrogenic cartilage injury. At the same time, plate molding is required during the operation due to the absence of special anatomical plates, resulting in increased surgical trauma and time-consuming surgery. The ideal fixation method for Hoffa fracture should include:(1) Avoid iatrogenic injury of articular surface cartilage. (2) With the rear anti-shear barrier plate function.(3) The internal fixator is closer to the load interface, so as to obtain greater load and better fixed strength.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hoffa Fracture , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Bone Plates , Iatrogenic Disease
5.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 197-202, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996145

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of horse-riding squat exercise plus Governor Vessel-regulating Tuina(Chinese therapeutic massage)therapy on static balance function in patients with stroke.Methods:A total of 176 stroke patients were enrolled as the study subjects and divided into four groups by the random number table method,namely horse-riding squat+Tuina group,horse-riding squat group,Tuina group,and control group,with 44 cases in each group.The control group was treated with rehabilitation balance training.The horse-riding squat+Tuina group,horse-riding squat group,and Tuina group were treated with additional horse-riding squat exercise plus Tuina,horse-riding squat exercise,and Tuina treatment,respectively.Four weeks of treatment was regarded as one treatment course.After 1 treatment course,the balance function of the four groups was compared.Results:After treatment,the ellipse area of motion and the length of motion in all four groups were reduced,and the intra-group differences were all statistically significant(P<0.05).The difference in the ellipse area of motion before and after treatment in the horse-riding squat+Tuina group and the horse-riding squat group was larger than that in the control group,and the differences were statistically significant(P<0.05).The difference in the ellipse area of motion before and after treatment in the horse-riding squat+Tuina group was larger than that in the Tuina group,and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).The difference in the length of motion before and after treatment in the horse-riding squat+Tuina group,the horse-riding squat group,and the Tuina group was greater than that in the control group,and the differences were statistically significant(P<0.05).There was no statistically significant difference in the pairwise comparison between the horse-riding squat+Tuina group,the horse-riding squat group,and the Tuina group(P>0.05).Conclusion:Horse-riding squat exercise plus Governor Vessel-regulating Tuina therapy can effectively improve the static balance function in patients with stroke.Training the affected lower limb weight-bearing exercise,adjusting the center of gravity distribution,and promoting the mutual balance and coordination between muscle groups may be the mechanism of improving the static balance function.

6.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 649-651,655, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992353

ABSTRACT

Cervical cancer is still a serious threat to the health of women in China. The current strategy is a three-level prevention strategy, among which the diversion of screening and screening abnormalities in the secondary prevention is an important link in preventing cervical cancer. For more than 20 years, China has implemented diversified screening methods such as cytological examination, high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) testing, and naked eye screening. With the discovery that high-risk HPV infection is closely related to the occurrence of cervical cancer, the screening method for cervical cancer has shifted from cytological examination to HPV testing as the preferred screening method. This article introduces the advantages and disadvantages of high-risk HPV testing and cytological examination as screening methods, and proposes the issues that need to be paid attention to in screening; The principle of diverting screening abnormalities was proposed, and it was proposed that in the process of diverting, individualized and refined management principles should be implemented for screening abnormality projects based on the patient′s age and fertility requirements.

7.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 538-545, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990215

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the current status and correlation between stress overload, different cognitive emotion regulation strategies and stress response in palliative care nurses, and to provide reference for reducing stress reaction of hospice nurses.Methods:A total of 448 palliative care nurses from Beijing City, Jiangsu Province, Hunan Province and Anhui Province were selected as subjects by convenience sampling method in February 2022. The general information questionnaire, Stress Overload Scale, Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire and Stress Response Questionnaire were used to conduct a cross-sectional survey. After analyzing their scores, correlation analysis and mediating effect analysis were conducted.Results:The stress overload score of palliative care nurses was 66.00 (55.00, 67.00), and the stress response score was 80.00 (63.00, 84.00). The stress overload was positively correlated with the stress response ( r=0.735, P<0.05), and the positive emotion regulation strategy was negatively correlated with the stress response ( r=-0.440, P<0.05), negative emotion regulation strategy was positively correlated with stress response ( r=0.747, P<0.05). The cognitive emotion regulation strategy had a partial mediating effect between the stress overload and the stress response, accounting for 29.6% of the total effect. Conclusions:Cognitive emotion regulation is the mediating variable between stress overload and stress response of palliative care nurses. Managers should pay more attention to the stress level and mental health status of palliative care nurses, and guide them to choose appropriate emotional regulation strategies, so as to reduce stress response and maintain physical and mental health.

8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 360-364, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982246

ABSTRACT

Advanced radiotherapy technology enables the dose to more accurately conform to the tumor target area of the patient, providing accurate treatment for the patient, but the gradient of the patient's radiation dose at the tumor edge is getting larger, which putting forward higher requirements for radiotherapy dose verification. The dose verification system software KylinRay-Dose4D can verify the patient's pre-treatment plan and the in vivo/on-line dose during the patient's treatment, providing important reference for the physicist to modify the radiotherapy plan and ensuring that the patient receives accurate treatment. This study introduces the overall design and key technologies of KylinRay-Dose4D, and tests the pre-treatment plan dose checking calculation and 2D/3D dose verification through clinical cases. The test results showed that the 2D/3D gamma pass rate (3 mm/3%) of KylinRay-Dose4D reconstructed dose compared with TPS plan dose and measured dose is larger than 95%, which indicating that the reconstructed dose of KylinRay-Dose4D meets the requirement of clinical application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Radiotherapy Dosage , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted/methods , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated/methods , Software , Neoplasms , Phantoms, Imaging , Radiometry/methods
9.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 4-12, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927627

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The association between neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) with subclinical macrovascular and microvascular diseases has been less investigated. We sought to examine the association between NLR and new-onset subclinical macrovascular and microvascular abnormalities in the Chinese population.@*METHODS@#From a community cohort, we included 6,430 adults aged ≥ 40 years without subclinical macrovascular and microvascular diseases at baseline. We measured subclinical macrovascular and microvascular abnormalities separately using the ankle-brachial index (ABI), brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), and albuminuria.@*RESULTS@#During a mean follow-up of 4.3 years, 110 participants developed incident abnormal ABI, 746 participants developed incident elevated baPWV, and 503 participants developed incident albuminuria. Poisson regression analysis indicated that NLR was significantly associated with an increased risk of new-onset abnormal ABI, elevated baPWV, and albuminuria. Compared to overweight/obese participants, we found a much stronger association between NLR and subclinical vascular abnormalities in participants with normal weight. Furthermore, we found an interaction between the NLR and body mass index (BMI) on the risk of new-onset abnormal ABI ( P for interaction: 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#NLR was associated with subclinical macrovascular and microvascular diseases in the Chinese population. Furthermore, in participants with normal weight, the association between NLR and subclinical vascular abnormalities was much stronger.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Ankle Brachial Index , Body Mass Index , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Incidence , Lymphocytes/cytology , Neutrophils/cytology , Poisson Distribution , Prospective Studies , Vascular Diseases/etiology
10.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 376-381, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954217

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of surgical treatment on the psychological status of initial-diagnosed breast cancer patients.Methods:Using a prospective study method, 73 initial-diagnosed breast cancer patients who received surgical treatment in Beijing Bo′ai Hospital from March 2015 to June 2017 were selected. The self-rating anxiety scale (SAS), the self-rating depression scale (SDS) and the symptom checklist-90 (SCL-90) were used to evaluate the psychological health status before and after surgery by face-to-face conversation. The measurement data were described as mean±standard deviation( ± s), and the scores of SAS, SDS and SCL-90 before and after surgery were analyzed by paired t-test. Chi-square test was used to compare count data before and after surgery. Results:After surgical treatment, the anxiety and depression scores were 38.03±8.53 and 42.17±10.93, which were significantly lower than that in the pre-operation (46.47±11.47 and 51.01±14.22), the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.001). The scores of somatization, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, interpersonal sensitivity, anxiety, depression, hostility, phobia, paranoid and psychotic disorder of initial-diagnosed breast cancer patients in SCL-90 were 4.52±4.71, 6.15±5.49, 3.51±3.26, 4.52±4.44, 7.12±6.23, 1.55±2.03, 3.18±3.36, 0.99±1.36 and 2.85±3.59 after surgical treatment, which were significantly lower than that in the pre-operation (6.88±6.36, 10.08±6.77, 5.99±5.57, 10.03±8.00, 12.59±9.78, 4.12±5.25, 4.92±4.46, 2.59±3.60) and (5.84±5.43), the differences were statistically significant ( P=0.002 in somatization, others P<0.001). Conclusion:Surgical treatment can improve the psychological status of initial-diagnosed breast cancer patients, which has important significance for the psychological rehabilitation of patients who were initial-diagnosed breast cancer.

11.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 78-82, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986482

ABSTRACT

Sonodynamic therapy (SDT) is a new non-invasive treatment method that uses a combination of sono-sensitizers and low-intensity ultrasound (US) to treat malignant tumors. SDT is developed from photodynamic therapy (PDT). Because ultrasound can be transmitted deeper than light in tissues, sonosensitizers can be induced to be targeted, and sonosensitizers can be monitored in real time through ultrasound, SDT has significant advantages of locating the tumor site and activating the sensitizing agent in deep tissues. Therefore, compared with PDT, SDT can be used to treat tumors that are wider, deeper and more inaccessible. Hyperthermia (HT), as an adjuvant therapy, is applied to various established cancer treatments. Its mechanism is to increase the temperature of the tumor-bearing tissue to 40℃-43℃ to cause irreversible damage. This article reviews the cell signal regulation mechanism involved in SDT and HT in tumor therapy and the application progress of SDT-HT combination therapy on tumor.

12.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 589-594, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984151

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the relationship between the height of alveolar bone resorption and sex and age in the adolescent dentition.@*METHODS@#Multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) was used to measure the height of alveolar bone resorption at labial, lingual, mesial and distal sites of teeth in 149 adolescents aged from 10 to 20 years. SPSS 25.0 software was used to analyze the relationship between the height of alveolar bone resorption and sex and age.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in the height of alveolar bone resorption between sex (P>0.05). The height of alveolar bone resorption was positively correlated with age in all types of teeth. The model constructed by combining the alveolar bone resorption height data of four sites (y=2.569x1+3.106x2+4.108x3+1.451x4-0.082, R2max=0.756)had a better ability to infer age than that of combining two sites (y=5.942x1+4.489x2+0.612, R2max=0.706) and a single site (R2max=0.638).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The height of alveolar bone resorption is positively correlated with the age of adolescents. The combination of four sites has a stronger ability to infer the relationship between the height of alveolar bone resorption and age in adolescents and has higher accuracy in practical application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Child , Young Adult , Adult , Alveolar Process/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Bone Resorption/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2403-2411, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921149

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Whether regional anesthesia may help to prevent disease recurrence in cancer patients is still controversial. The stage of cancer at the time of diagnosis is a key factor that defines prognosis and is one of the most important sources of heterogeneity for the treatment effect. We sought to update existing systematic reviews and clarify the effect of regional anesthesia on cancer recurrence in late-stage cancer patients.@*METHODS@#Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Library were searched from inception to September 2020 to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and cohort studies that assessed the effect of regional anesthesia on cancer recurrence and overall survival (OS) compared with general anesthesia. Late-stage cancer patients were primarily assessed according to the American Joint Committee on Cancer Cancer Staging Manual (eighth edition), and the combined hazard ratio (HR) from random-effects models was used to evaluate the effect of regional anesthesia.@*RESULTS@#A total of three RCTs and 34 cohort studies (including 64,691 patients) were identified through the literature search for inclusion in the analysis. The risk of bias was low in the RCTs and was moderate in the observational studies. The pooled HR for recurrence-free survival (RFS) or OS did not favor regional anesthesia when data from RCTs in patients with late-stage cancer were combined (RFS, HR = 1.12, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.58-2.18, P = 0.729, I2 = 76%; OS, HR = 0.86, 95% CI: 0.63-1.18, P = 0.345, I2 = 48%). Findings from observational studies showed that regional anesthesia may help to prevent disease recurrence (HR = 0.87, 95% CI: 0.78-0.96, P = 0.008, I2 = 71%) and improve OS (HR = 0.88, 95% CI: 0.79-0.98, P = 0.022, I2 = 79%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#RCTs reveal that OS and RFS were similar between regional and general anesthesia in late-stage cancers. The selection of anesthetic methods should still be based on clinical evaluation, and changes to current practice need more support from large, well-powered, and well-designed studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anesthesia, Conduction , Neoplasms , Recurrence
14.
Korean Journal of Family Medicine ; : 288-296, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894344

ABSTRACT

Background@#Sedentary behavior is associated with several adverse health outcomes. Data on factors that influence sedentary behavior are lacking in Bhutan. This study examined factors associated with increased sedentary behavior in Bhutan, with a focus on exploring sex differences. @*Methods@#Data of 2,796 adults from the nationally representative 2014 Bhutan STEP-wise surveillance (STEPS) survey were analyzed. Factors associated with sedentary behavior were identified using backward elimination multiple logistic regression analysis, disaggregated by sex. The analysis accounted for the complex survey design used in the primary survey. @*Results@#The overall prevalence of sedentary behavior was 8.2%, with a higher proportion among women than men (10.3% vs. 4.9%). In the full sample, female sex, being single, high education and income, urban residence, inadequate physical activity, and high blood sugar were associated with increased odds of sedentary behavior. Among females, those who had high education and income, were single, physically less active, and urban residents were more likely to be sedentary. Self-employment was related to reduced odds of sedentary behavior among women and in the overall sample population. In males, being single, higher education level, and urban residence were associated with sedentariness. @*Conclusion@#The findings suggest that interventions targeting females, especially those who are physically less active and from higher socioeconomic groups, urban residents, and those with hyperglycemia can potentially help reduce sedentary behavior and avert the associated detrimental impacts.

15.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 58-65, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906019

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the renoprotective effects that Sanjiao Qushi prescription ameliorates cationic bovine serum albumin (C-BSA) induced membranous nephropathy(MN) in mice model and its influence on nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor-2(Nrf2)/heme oxygenase-1(HO-1) signaling pathway. Method:Sixty female BALB/c mice were randomly divided into the normal group(<italic>n</italic>=10) and the model group(<italic>n</italic>=50). The mice in the model group received C-BSA injection via tail vein (6.5 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>). The mice that were successfully modeled were randomized into the model group, the low dose Sanjiao Qushi prescription group(3.71 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), the high dose Sanjiao Qushi prescription group(7.42 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and benazepril hydrochloride group(1.3 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>). And they were administered with the corresponding medicine by gavage once a day for four consecutive weeks. 24 hour-urine protein quantitation were performed before C-BSA injection and after C-BSA injection as well as the medicine gavage. When the treatment was finished, all of the mice were sacrificed and the biochemical indicators such as serum creatinine(SCr), blood urea nitrogen(BUN), triglyceride(TG), total cholesterol(TC), total protein(TP) and albumin(Alb) were measured. And the renal pathological morphology changes were observed by light microscope with hematoxylineosin(HE), Masson and periodic acid-silver metheramine(PASM) staining. The deposition of immunoglobulin G(IgG) in the glomerulus was detected by fluorescence microscope. The expression of reactive oxygen species (ROS) of kidney was detected by fluorescence immunoassay. The protein expression levels of Nrf2 in cell nucleus and cytoplasm and the downstream protein factors HO-1 and NADH quinone acceptor oxidoreductase 1(NQO1) were detected by Western blot. Result:Compare to normal group, the levels of 24 hour-urine protein quantitation, TG and TC significantly increased in model group(<italic>P</italic><0.01), while TP and Alb levels significantly decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.01). The model group exhibited enlarged volume of glomerular, significantly thickened glomerular basement membrane(GBM), fuchsinophilic protein deposition and spike formation through light microscope. Immunofluorescence staining for the model group exhibited granular deposition of IgG along the capillary wall. The expression of ROS in kidney significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.01). The protein expression levels of Nrf2 in cell nucleus significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.01), while Nrf2 in cytoplasm significantly decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.01).The protein expression levels of HO-1 and NQO1 significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared to model group, the levels of 24 hour-urine protein quantitation, TG and TC significantly decreased in each treated group(<italic>P</italic><0.01), TP and Alb levels significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The pathological damages alleviated obviously. The expression of ROS in kidney significantly decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.01). The protein expression levels of Nrf2 in cell nucleus significantly decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.01), while Nrf2 in cytoplasm significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The protein expression levels of HO-1 and NQO1 significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Sanjiao Qushi prescription worked on MN mice possibly by regulating related proteins in the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway and relieving oxidative stress, thus decreasing 24 hour-urine protein and blood lipid, increasing serum protein, and alleviating the pathological damages to protect renal function and delay progress of the disease.

16.
Korean Journal of Family Medicine ; : 288-296, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902048

ABSTRACT

Background@#Sedentary behavior is associated with several adverse health outcomes. Data on factors that influence sedentary behavior are lacking in Bhutan. This study examined factors associated with increased sedentary behavior in Bhutan, with a focus on exploring sex differences. @*Methods@#Data of 2,796 adults from the nationally representative 2014 Bhutan STEP-wise surveillance (STEPS) survey were analyzed. Factors associated with sedentary behavior were identified using backward elimination multiple logistic regression analysis, disaggregated by sex. The analysis accounted for the complex survey design used in the primary survey. @*Results@#The overall prevalence of sedentary behavior was 8.2%, with a higher proportion among women than men (10.3% vs. 4.9%). In the full sample, female sex, being single, high education and income, urban residence, inadequate physical activity, and high blood sugar were associated with increased odds of sedentary behavior. Among females, those who had high education and income, were single, physically less active, and urban residents were more likely to be sedentary. Self-employment was related to reduced odds of sedentary behavior among women and in the overall sample population. In males, being single, higher education level, and urban residence were associated with sedentariness. @*Conclusion@#The findings suggest that interventions targeting females, especially those who are physically less active and from higher socioeconomic groups, urban residents, and those with hyperglycemia can potentially help reduce sedentary behavior and avert the associated detrimental impacts.

17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 532-538, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878876

ABSTRACT

The effect of Shouhui Tongbian Capsules(SHTB) on the endogenous metabolites of colon tissue in mice with slow transit constipation was analyzed by metabolomics methods to explore its mechanism in the treatment of constipation. ICR mice were randomly divided into normal group, model group and SHTB group according to the body weight. The mice were given diphenoxylate to establish the slow transit constipation model. Mouse carbon ink pushing rate, first defecation time and the number of defecation particles in 12 h were observed. The mouse colon tissue was separated and the mucous cells were detected by Periodic acid Schiff and Alcian blue(AB-PAS) staining. Ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography electrospray ionization orbitrap tandem mass spectrometry(UPLC-ESI-Orbitrap-MS/MS) technology was used to characterize the differences in tissue metabolism to screen out the potential different metabolites and possible metabolic pathways in colon tissue. The results indicated that SHTB could significantly shorten the first defecation time and the number of defecations, and increase the number of intestinal peristalsis and mucous cells in the colonic mucosa compared to the model mice. Metabolomics results showed that, compared with the normal group, a total of 17 potential biomarkers, including L-kynurenine, N6,N6,N6-trimethyl-L-lysine, L-formylkynurenine, N6-acetyl-L-lysine, L-phenylalanine, phenylacetaldehyde, xanthoxin, thymidine, glycyl-L-leucine, cystathionine,(R)-1-aminopropan-2-ol, deoxycytidine, gamma-glutamyl-gamma-aminobutyraldehyde, D-galactose, L-arginine, L-proline and pyruvate, were found and identified in colon tissue. Treated with SHTB, these metabolic differences tended to return to normal levels. Therefore, it could be made a conclusion that the therapeutic effect of SHTB on chronic transit constipation may be related to regulating phenylalanine metabolism, phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis, arginine and proline metabolism, cysteine and methionine metabolism, tyrosine metabolism, arginine biosynthesis, pyruvate metabolism, glycolysis, pyrimidine metabolism, tricarboxylic acid cycle and galactose metabolism.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Biomarkers , Capsules , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Constipation/drug therapy , Metabolomics , Mice, Inbred ICR , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
18.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1368-1375, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878638

ABSTRACT

Diphtheria toxin is an ADP-ribosyltransferase toxic to human cells. Mutation of the active site in its catalytic domain eliminates the toxicity, but retains its immunogenicity. A non-toxic mutant of diphtheria toxin known as CRM197 protein has become an ideal carrier protein for conjugate vaccines. CRM197 can further improve its immunogenicity by cross-linking with other antigens, so it has good potential to find broad applications. Unfortunately, inclusion bodies are easily formed during the expression of recombinant CRM197 protein in Escherichia coli, which greatly reduces its yield. In order to address this problem, pG-KJE8 vector carrying molecular chaperones and plasmid pET28a-CRM197, were co-expressed in Escherichia coli. The results showed that the recombinant CRM197 protein was successfully expressed and appeared largely in inclusion bodies. The molecular chaperones DnaK, DnaJ, GrpE, GroES and GroEL5 expressed can facilitate correct and rapid folding of CRM197. Furthermore, it can also improve the recovery rate of soluble CRM197 protein. The soluble expression of CRM197 was maximized upon addition of 1.0 mmol/L IPTG, 0.5 mg L-arabinose, 5.0 ng/mL tetracycline and induction at 20oC for 16 h. The soluble CRM197 protein shows good immunoreactivity, demonstrating the molecular chaperones expressed from pG-KJE8 facilitated the soluble expression of CRM197 protein in E. coli.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bacterial Proteins , Diphtheria Toxin/genetics , Escherichia coli/genetics , Molecular Chaperones/genetics , Recombinant Proteins/genetics
19.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 761-772, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921329

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to examine the association of visit-to-visit variabilities in metabolic factors with chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Shanghai community residents.@*Methods@#We used data from a cohort study of community residents who participated in three examinations in 2008, 2009, and 2013, respectively. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) level, blood pressure (BP), and lipid levels were determined in 2,109 participants at all three visits, and CKD was evaluated between the second and the third visits. Visit-to-visit variabilities in metabolic factors were described by coefficients of variation (CV) at three visits. A variability score was calculated by adding the numbers of metabolic factors with a high variability defined as the highest quartile of CV. CKD was defined as the estimated glomerular filtration rate < 60 mL/min per 1.73 m @*Results@#A total of 200 (9.5%) participants had CKD at the third visit. Compared with the lowest quartile of CV, the highest quartile was associated with a 70% increased risk of CKD for FPG [odds ratio, @*Conclusion@#The visit-to-visit variabilities in metabolic factors were significantly associated with the risks of CKD in Shanghai community residents.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Incidence , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/physiopathology
20.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 410-414, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883204

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the prognostic value of amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram(aEEG) on predicting long-term neurodevelopmental outcome of preterm infants.Methods:Literatures were searched in PubMed, the Cochrane library, Web of science, Wanfang database, CNKI and CBM database from inception to August, 2020.The studies which investigated the prognostic value of aEEG on neurodevelopmental outcome of preterm infants were included.Articles screening, data extraction and quality assessment were accomplished by two investigators independently, and statistical analyses were performed by Meta-disc1.4.Results:Six studies were included with 557 cases.The Meta-analysis revealed that the pooled sensitivity was 0.81 (95% CI 0.75-0.87), specificity was 0.68 (95% CI 0.63-0.73), positive likelihood ratio was 2.32(95% CI 1.52-3.52), negative likelihood ratio was 0.27(95% CI 0.19-0.37)and the area under the curve of summary receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.79(95% CI 0.75-0.82). Burst-suppression, continuous low voltage and flat trace were regard as a index of poor neurodevelopmental prognosis. Conclusion:aEEG is a valuable tool for predicting the outcome of long-term neurodevelopment in preterm infants.

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