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1.
Adv Rheumatol ; 63: 42, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1513562

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background The etiology of systemic lupus erythematosus is complex and incurable. A large number of systematic reviews have studied the risk factors of it. Mendelian randomization is an analytical method that uses genetic data as tool variables to evaluate the causal relationship between exposure and outcome. Objective To review the systematic reviews and Mendelian randomization studies that focused on the risk factors of systemic lupus erythematosus and shed light on the development of treatments for its prevention and intervention. Methods From inception to January 2022, we systematically searched MEDLINE (via PubMed) and Embase for related systematic reviews and Mendelian randomization studies. Extract relevant main data for studies that meet inclusion criteria. The quality of systematic reviews was assessed by using Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews 2 (AMSTAR-2). Finally, the risk factors are scored comprehensively according to the results' quantity, quality, and consistency. Results Our study involved 64 systematic reviews and 12 Mendelian randomization studies. The results of systematic reviews showed that diseases (endometriosis, atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis), lifestyle (smoking, drinking, vaccination), and gene polymorphism influenced the incidence of systemic lupus erythematosus. The results of Mendelian randomization studies identified the role of disease (periodontitis, celiac disease), trace elements (selenium, iron), cytokines (growth differentiation factor 15), and gut microbiome in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus. Conclusion We should pay attention to preventing and treating systemic lupus erythematosus in patients with endometriosis, celiac disease, and periodontitis. Take appropriate dietary supplements to increase serum iron and selenium levels to reduce the risk of systemic lupus erythematosus. There should be no excessive intervention in lifestyles such as smoking and drinking.

2.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 299-305, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990176

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a risk prediction model for neonatal asphyxia in cesarean section and test its application effect.Methods:This was a retrospective study. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 2 244 infants (modeling group) who were delivered by cesarean section in Affiliated Hospital of Weifang Medical University from April 2021 to December 2021. Newborns were divided into asphyxia group ( n=176) and non-asphyxia group ( n=2 068) according to the occurrence of neonatal asphyxia. Logistic regression was used to screen the risk factors of neonatal asphyxia in cesarean section and a line chart model was established to predict the risk. Another 683 neonates were selected as validation group for external validation of the model from January to March in 2022. Results:Five factors including preterm birth, fetal distress, fetal growth restriction, abnormal S/D value of umbilical artery and umbilical cord around the neck were included in the prediction model. The area under ROC curve of the modeling group was 0.902, the Youden index was 0.687, the sensitivity was 0.837, and the specificity was 0.850. Hosmer-lemeshow test showed that χ2=1.79, and P=0.877. In the validation group, the area under ROC curve was 0.823, the Youden index was 0.555, the sensitivity was 0.835, and the specificity was 0.720. It showed that the model had a good fitting effect and identification validity. Conclusions:The risk prediction model has a good clinical application value in the prediction of neonatal asphyxia in cesarean section, and provides reference for obstetricians to take preventive management measures of neonatal asphyxia in time.

3.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 156-160, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970838

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To retrospectively analyze the clinical efficacy of olecranon osteotomy approach in the treatment of Dubberley type Ⅲ coronal fractures of the distal humerus and summarize the treatment experience.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to June 2020, 17 patients (5 males and 12 females) with Dubberley type Ⅲ coronal fractures of the distal humerus were treated by olecranon osteotomy approach. The age ranged from 37 to78 years old with an average of (58.5±12.9) years old. According to Dubberley classification, there were 5 cases of type Ⅲ A and 12 cases of type Ⅲ B. The curative effect was evaluated using the Borberg-Morrey elbow function score. The flexion, extension and rotation range of motion of the elbow joint, complications and postoperative imaging evaluation were recorded.@*RESULTS@#All the 17 patients got bony union. The follow-up time ranged from 12 to 33 months with an average of (15.6±5.6) months. There was 1 case of ischemic necrosis of capitulum humeri, 2 cases of traumatic arthritis and 1 case of heterotopic ossification, 1 case of malunion of fracture. The range of motion was (114.80±19.50) °. The Broberg-Morrey score was 85.3±8.2, excellent in 5 cases, good in 9 cases, fair in 3 cases and poor in 0 case.@*CONCLUSION@#Through olecranon osteotomy approach, the articular surface of distal humerus could be fully exposed, and the operation is convenient. Anatomical reduction and rigid fixation of the articular surface of distal humerus are the key factors for the succesful outcome.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Olecranon Process/surgery , Elbow Joint/surgery , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Humerus/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Range of Motion, Articular
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2222-2232, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981353

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to explore the main active components and underlying mechanisms of Marsdenia tenacissima in the treatment of ovarian cancer(OC) through network pharmacology, molecular docking, and in vitro cell experiments. The active components of M. tenacissima were obtained from the literature search, and their potential targets were obtained from SwissTargetPrediction. The OC-related targets were retrieved from Therapeutic Target Database(TTD), Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man(OMIM), GeneCards, and PharmGKB. The common targets of the drug and the disease were screened out by Venn diagram. Cytoscape was used to construct an "active component-target-disease" network, and the core components were screened out according to the node degree. The protein-protein interaction(PPI) network of the common targets was constructed by STRING and Cytoscape, and the core targets were screened out according to the node degree. GO and KEGG enrichment analyses of potential therapeutic targets were carried out with DAVID database. Molecular docking was used to determine the binding activity of some active components to key targets by AutoDock. Finally, the anti-OC activity of M. tenacissima extract was verified based on SKOV3 cells in vitro. The PI3K/AKT signaling pathway was selected for in vitro experimental verification according to the results of GO function and KEGG pathway analyses. Network pharmacology results showed that 39 active components, such as kaempferol, 11α-O-benzoyl-12β-O-acetyltenacigenin B, and drevogenin Q, were screened out, involving 25 core targets such as AKT1, VEGFA, and EGFR, and the PI3K-AKT signaling pathway was the main pathway of target protein enrichment. The results of molecular docking also showed that the top ten core components showed good binding affinity to the top ten core targets. The results of in vitro experiments showed that M. tenacissima extract could significantly inhibit the proliferation of OC cells, induce apoptosis of OC cells through the mitochondrial pathway, and down-regulate the expression of proteins related to the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. This study shows that M. tenacissima has the characteristics of multi-component, multi-target, and multi-pathway synergistic effect in the treatment of OC, which provides a theoretical basis for in-depth research on the material basis, mechanism, and clinical application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Marsdenia , Molecular Docking Simulation , Network Pharmacology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , Databases, Genetic , Plant Extracts , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology
5.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 209-215, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993075

ABSTRACT

Objective:To calculate the single-event dose-averaged specific energy of particles delivered in spherical domains based on the track structure model and using triple integration, and to investigate the influence of the domain shape on the key model parameters of microdosimetric kinetic model (MKM) and its corresponding physical significance.Methods:The domains are assumed to be cylinders and spheres, respectively. With α 0, domain radius, rd, and nucleus radius, Rn, as undetermined coefficients, the nuclear charge numbers, kinetic energies and their corresponding LETs of three kinds of charged particles ( 3He, 12C, 20Ne) as independent variables, D10 as dependent variable, the mean value of squared residuals, J2, between the D10 calculated values and D10 experimental values as the optimization objective, the final fitting values of the above undetermined coefficients of human salivary gland (HSG) cells and Chinese hamster lung (V79) cells obtained after iteration by the robust least square method are the optimal model parameter values of MKM. Results:For HSG cells, cylindrical domain: α 0=0.073/Gy, rd=0.29 μm, Rn=4.1 μm, J2=0.039 7 Gy 2; spherical domain: α 0=0.023/Gy, rd=0.29 μm, Rn=4.4 μm, J2=0.039 3 Gy 2; For V79 cells, cylindrical domain: α 0=0.114/Gy, rd=0.25 μm, Rn=3.8 μm, J2=0.097 4 Gy 2; spherical domain: α 0=0.095/Gy, rd=0.26 μm, Rn=4.1 μm, J2=0.096 9 Gy 2. Conclusions:For the same type of cells, cylindrical and spherical domains were selected respectively, and there are significant differences in MKM parameters obtained by fitting. The fitting values of the domain radius, rd of the two shapes of domains show no significant difference, while the fitting values of α0 of spherical domains are smaller than those of cylindrical domains, the fitting values of nucleus radius, Rn, of spherical domain are larger than those of cylindrical domains, closer to the nucleus radius observed by fluorescence microscopy. In the low LET (<20 keV/μm) region, D10 calculated according to the parameters of the two different shapes of domains are different, so the selection of the domain shape will cause differences in the relative biological effectiveness(RBE) calculation of proton in the region near Bragg peak.

6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1021-1025, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991462

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of application of problem-based learning (PBL) combined with evidence-based medicine (EBM) in clinical practice teaching of an orthopedic department.Methods:A total of 48 interns who entered Department of Orthopedics, The Second Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, China from June 2017 to June 2018 were randomly divided into experimental group (the PBL combined with EBM concept teaching group, n = 24) and control group (the traditional teaching group, n = 24). In the experimental group, teachers selected typical cases, designed questions with certain flexibility and complexity, and organized the students to consult the literature, discuss in groups, and report and summarize around the practical problems. In the control group, traditional indoctrination teaching was adopted according to the clinical experience of the teachers. The teaching effect was assessed by a questionnaire survey, a theoretical examination, and a clinical skill examination. The results were analyzed by t-test and Chi-square test using SPSS 16.0 software. Results:The questionnaire survey showed that compared with the control group, the experimental group gave a significantly better evaluation of the teaching methods they received in terms of improving their theoretical knowledge comprehension ability, comprehensive analysis ability, team collaboration awareness, document retrieval and language expression ability, stimulating their learning motivation, and enhancing their scientific thinking and innovation ability ( P < 0.05). Furthermore, compared with the control group, the experimental group had significantly higher mean scores for both the theoretical test (92.42±2.55 vs. 86.17±3.36, P < 0.05) and the clinical skill test (85.79±3.15 vs. 78.88±3.41, P < 0.05). Conclusion:The application of PBL teaching in orthopedic practice, with the concept of EBM throughout the teaching process, has obtained a good effect. It can improve the clinical teaching quality in orthopedics, improve the comprehensive quality of clinical medical students, inspire their active learning enthusiasm, and cultivate their creative thinking, problem construction, comprehensive analysis, literature retrieval, and communication ability.

7.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 344-350, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991318

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the construction and implementation effect of clinical-thinking patterned curriculum for parallel graduate students with "running through clinical diagnosis and treatment process."Methods:In this study, 94 Batch 2016-2017 graduate students with clinical medical professional degree in Shanxi Provincial People's Hospital were selected as the research subjects. Among them, 48 Batch 2017 parallel graduate students were selected as the experimental group. The curriculum of clinical-thinking patterned training of "running through the clinical diagnosis and treatment process" was used. In addition to participating in the degree courses and residency courses, a series of training to improve the clinical-thinking ability were introduced. And 46 Batch 2016 parallel graduate students were divided in the control group, using a traditional curriculum and only participating in degree courses and residency courses. The differences among mini-clinical evaluation exercise (Mini-CEX) scores, direct observation of procedural skills (DOPS) scores, objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) scores and students' satisfaction were compared by t test, chi-square test and repeated measures analysis of variance. Results:The Mini-CEX scores showed the average scores of other aspects except humanistic care were higher than those of the control group, and the score of communication skills was significantly higher than that of the control group [(6.55±0.98) vs. (5.77 ±1.12)], with significant differences ( t=3.62, P<0.001). In the DOPS scores, except for the skills of communication with patients, ability to consider patient's feelings and practice of occupational literacy, the average scores of other aspects of the experimental group were higher than those of the control group, and the real operation-ability score of clinical skills was significantly higher than that of the control group [(6.38 ± 1.38) vs. (5.53±1.23)], with a significant difference ( t=3.12, P=0.002). In terms of the outpatient receiving station, the emergency treatment station, the clinical thinking station①, the clinical thinking station②, the specialist skill station, the auxiliary examination station and the case writing station, their OSCE scores at different stages in the experimental group were higher than those in the control group, and in terms of clinical thinking station①, the score of the experimental group was significantly higher than that of the control group, with a significant difference ( F=6.51, P=0.012). The satisfaction rate of the experimental group in terms of curriculum was higher than that in the control group except for the future career development, and in improving logical-thinking ability, the score of the experimental group was significantly higher than that of the control group, with a significant difference ( χ2=19.18, P<0.001). Conclusion:The curriculum of clinical-thinking ability with "running through the clinical diagnosis and treatment process" can enhance the clinical practical ability of parallel graduate students, making them meet the residential academic standards as soon as possible and effectively promoting the training quality of the students.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 569-572, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003566

ABSTRACT

Objective To preliminarily study the effectiveness and safety of stereotactic ablative brachytherapy (SABT) for lung metastases from cervical cancer. Methods We analyzed the clinical data of 18 patients with cervical cancer with lung metastasis treated with SABT to compare gross tumor volume (VGTV) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) antigen before and after SABT. The clinical benefit rate (CBR) and adverse reactions were recorded. Results After SABT treatment, there were significant decreases in VGTV (t=1.708, P<0.05) and the SCC antigen level (t=1.704, P<0.05). CBR reached 94.4%. Adverse reactions of grades 3-4 did not occur in any patient. Fourteen patients had mild complications, including 1 case of bloody sputum and 1 case of a small pneumothorax. Ten cases developed mild radiation-induced lung injury, with grade 2 radiation pneumonitis in 4 cases. The Karnofsky performance status score and needle depth were not associated with the occurrence of adverse reactions, while the radius of GTV and interstitial lung disease were associated with the occurrence of adverse reactions. Conclusion SABT is a safe and effective alternative to the treatment of lung metastases from cervical cancer.

9.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 667-671, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995777

ABSTRACT

Recent research evidence challenges the hypothesis that high density lipoprotein (HDL) has a protective effect on atherosclerosis. Due to the heterogeneity of HDL particle composition and the diversity of HDL functions, the evaluation of HDL particle composition and the detection of HDL function might overcome the deficiency from the measurement of single high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) level. This review briefly introduced the detection method and clinical application for the "quantity" of HDL, and focused on the current status of clinical application and the future development trend of related detection method for the structure and function of HDL. It is postulated that the evaluation of the "quality" of HDL may become the routine method of HDL detection in the future.

10.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 172-178, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994963

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between atmospheric particulate matter 2.5 (PM 2.5) concentration and the number of chronic kidney disease (CKD) hospital admissions in the elderly in Taiyuan city. Methods:The atmospheric PM 2.5 concentration in Taiyuan city during 2019—2021 was used as the environmental exposure data, and the number of CKD admission of the elderly patients (> 60 years old) in Taiyuan city at the same time was used as the disease progression index. The distributed lag nonlinear model was used to analyze overall and lag effects of PM 2.5 average daily concentration on the elderly patients admitted to CKD. Results:A total of 6 037 cases elderly patients with CKD admitted to hospital were included, with a male-to-female ratio of 1.36∶1. The average daily concentration of PM 2.5 was 52.80 μg/m 3, which did not exceed China's air quality standard (75 μg/m3); But in autumn and winter, the average daily concentration of PM 2.5 significantly exceeded the normal reference value, with the highest value reaching 302 μg/m 3. The relationship between the average daily concentration of PM 2.5 and the number of elderly patients admitted to CKD was nonlinear and there was a lag effect. The relative risk ( RR) value reached the maximum when PM 2.5 average daily concentration was 87 μg/m 3 with lag time of 11 days [1.074(95% CI 1.018-1.321)]. The subgroup analysis results showed that the risk of admission of elderly female CKD patients was higher than that of male patients with lag time of 10 days, and the RR was 1.073(95% CI 1.001-1.151). Elderly CKD patients with hypertension (PM 2.5 87 μg/m 3) and diabetes (PM 2.5 88 μg/m 3) had a higher risk of admission when exposed to PM 2.5, with maximum RR values of 1.067(95% CI 1.002-1.136) and 1.162(95% CI 1.021-1.320), respectively. Conclusions:High atmospheric PM 2.5 concentration in Taiyuan city can increase the risk of admission in elderly patients with CKD, especially in women and patients with hypertension or diabetes.

11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 789-793, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993893

ABSTRACT

Objective:To examine the relationship between fasting blood glucose(FBG)levels and H. pylori infection, as well as their impact on eradication and recurrence rates.Methods:A total of 1 584 patients with type 2 diabetes, ranging in age from 44 to 91 years old(mean age of 66.6±7.6 years), were included in this study conducted at the Physical Examination Center of the First Hospital of Lanzhou University between March 2010 and December 2019.Of the total participants, 1 063(67.1%)were male and 521(32.9%)were female.Logistic regression analysis was performed to investigate the impact of age, gender, fasting blood glucose, and H. pylori infection on the patients.In the study, 263 patients in the euglycemic control group(HbA1c<7%), 271 patients in the poor glycemic control group(HbA1c≥7%), and 269 patients in the control group underwent H. pylori eradication using bismuth-containing quadruple therapy, and the eradication efficacy, adverse reactions, and recurrence rates were compared after 1 year.Results:In patients with type 2 diabetes, the infection rate of H. pylori was found to be 48.2%.Further regression analysis revealed that poor glycemic control increased the risk of H. pylori infection( OR=1.611, 95% CI: 1.269~2.045, P<0.01). However, the constituent ratio and infection rate of different hypoglycemic drug groups did not show any significant statistical difference.The eradication rate of H. pylori was 90.9%, and there was no significant difference in the eradication rate among different blood glucose groups and control groups.However, after 1 year, the recurrence rate was 3.8%, with a higher rate observed in the poor glycemic control group compared to the euglycemic control group and the control group( P<0.05). There was a statistically significant difference in constipation as the main side effect of eradication therapy between the diabetic group and the control group[25.1%(134/253) vs.16.4%(44/269), P<0.01]. Conclusions:Diabetic patients with fasting hyperglycemia or poor glycemic control are at an increased risk of H. pylori infection.Additionally, these patients have a higher risk of recurrence after eradication.Therefore, it is important for clinicians to closely monitor and manage glycemic control in diabetic patients to reduce the risk of H. pylori infection and improve treatment outcomes.

12.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 172-178, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923779

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the health-seeking behaviors of imported malaria cases after returning to China, and to investigate the factors affecting the time to initial diagnosis, so as to provide the scientific evidence for early identification of imported malaria cases and prevention of severe cases development and secondary transmission. Methods The individual demographic features, and the disease onset and the time to initial diagnosis of imported malaria cases in Jiangsu Province in 2019 were captured from the National Notifiable Disease Report System and the Information Management System for Parasitic Disease Control in China. The characteristics of health-seeking behaviors and epidemiological features of imported malaria cases were descriptively analyzed, and the factors affecting the time to initial diagnosis of imported malaria cases after returning to China were identified using multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results A total of 244 imported malaria cases were reported in Jiangsu Province in 2019, and the time to initial diagnosis of the cases were 1-12 days, with mean time of (1.53 ± 1.65) days, with median time of one day. The highest number of malaria cases seeking healthcare services were found on the day of developing primary symptoms (76 cases, 31.1%), followed by on the second day (68 cases, 27.9%), on the third day (46 cases, 18.9%), and 54 cases (22.1%) received initial diagnosis 3 days following presence of primary symptoms, including 3 cases with initial diagnosis at more than one week. High proportions of imported malaria cases with a delay in the time to initial diagnosis were seen in migrant workers who returned to China in January (14 cases, 5.7%) and December (13 cases, 5.3%) and those aged between 41 and 50 years (32 cases, 13.1%). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed relative short time to initial diagnosis among imported malaria cases returning to China on March [odds ratio (OR) = 0.16, P = 0.03, 95% confidence interval (CI): (0.03, 0.85)] and those with a history of overseas malaria parasite infections [OR = 0.36, P = 0.001, 95% CI: (0.19, 0.67)]. Conclusions Timely health-seeking behaviors should be improved among imported malaria cases in Jiangsu Province, patients with a history of overseas malaria infections require faster health-seeking activities.

13.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 374-378, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928327

ABSTRACT

As an important exercise and energy metabolism organ of the human body, the normal maintenance of skeletal muscle mass is essential for the body to perform normal physiological functions. The autophagy-lysosome (AL) pathway is a physiological or pathological mechanism that is ubiquitous in normal and diseased cells. It plays a key role in the maintaining of protein balance, removing damaged organelles, and the stability of internal environment. The smooth progress of the autophagy process needs to go through multiple steps, which are completed under the coordinated action of multiple factors. Autophagy maintains the muscle homeostasis of a healthy body by removing cell components such as damaged myofibrils and isolated cytoplasmic proteins. Autophagy could also provide the initial energy required for cell proliferation, promote muscle regeneration and remodeling after injury. At the same time, autophagy disorder is also an important cause of age-related skeletal muscle atrophy. Autophagy could affect the response of skeletal muscle to exercise, and increasing the level of basic autophagy is beneficial to improve the adaptive response of skeletal muscle to exercise. This article summarizes the role and pathways of autophagy in the maintenance of skeletal muscle quality, in order to provide effective rehabilitation strategies for clinical prevention and treatment of muscle atrophy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autophagy/physiology , Exercise/physiology , Muscle, Skeletal/pathology , Muscular Atrophy/pathology , Signal Transduction
14.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 824-828, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989020

ABSTRACT

The urinary system of healthy people harbors residential urinary microbiota which closely related to human health.The changes of urinary micro-ecology are associated with the occurrence、development and prognosis of various urinary diseases.This review shows the basic procedure of studying the microbiome of the urinary system, and the correlation between the urinary diseases and the microbiome of the urinary tract.By focusing on the relationship between urinary microbiome and recurrent urinary tract infection in children, new ideas would be found for diagnosis and treatment of children’s recurrent urinary tract infection.

15.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1453-1458, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954874

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of oxytocin on neonatal instinctive behavior expression and breast-feeding.Methods:A total of 71 pairs of parturient women and their newborns who delivered in the delivery room of the Affiliated Hospital of Weifang Medical College from February to May 2021 were selected. According to whether oxytocin induced labor, they were divided into the oxytocin group and the control group. Widstr?m nine stages was used to observe and record neonatal behavior. Breastfeeding was followed up 3 days and 3 months after delivery.Results:Totally 35 pairs in each group were included. In the oxytocin group, the occurrence time of neonatal head or head turning, hand in mouth, body moving to nipple, lips touching areola, licking nipple, nipple and effective sucking were (18.2 ± 5.4), (27.8 ± 8.3), (31.0 ± 10.1), (44.3 ± 14.5), (47.2 ± 15.6), (49.4 ± 16.3), (48.3 ± 13.6) min, which were significantly later than those in the control group (15.3 ± 5.3), (21.0 ± 8.1), (24.3 ± 9.0), (34.0 ± 11.4), (37.2 ± 11.9), (38.6 ± 11.8), (39.6 ± 8.7) min. The difference was statistically significant ( t values ranged from -3.10 to -2.17, P<0.05). The duration of neonatal awakening, activity, crawling and familiarity in the oxytocin group were (6.9 ± 3.2), (18.9 ± 9.3), (13.6 ± 7.9), (9.2 ± 5.1) min, which were significantly longer than those in the control group (5.1 ± 2.8), (12.3 ± 7.1), (10.3 ± 5.3), (6.7 ± 4.3) min; sucking stage duration in the oxytocin group was (35.1 ± 7.2) min, which was significantly shorter than that in the control group (39.6 ± 7.1) min; all the differences were statistically significant ( t values ranged from -3.25 to 2.28, P<0.05). The times of exclusive breast-feeding in the oxytocin group were (2.8 ± 3.1), (4.5 ± 3.3), (6.9 ± 3.0) at 24, 48 and 72 h postnatal, and the exclusive breastfeeding rate at 3 months after birth was 77.1%(27/35), which were significantly lower than those (7.6 ± 3.6), (8.9 ± 2.7), (10.3 ± 2.0) and 82.9%(29/35) in the control group, the differences were statistically significant ( t=6.05, 6.11, 5.48, χ2=0.36, P<0.05). Conclusions:The use of oxytocin during labor may affect the expression of neonatal lactation behavior and negatively affect the breastfeeding.

16.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine ; (12): 437-445, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-950171

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effect of erianin on the viability, migration, and invasion of KB cells and elucidate its underlying mechanisms. Methods: Cell Counting Kit-8, colony formation, wound healing, and Transwell assays were used to determine the proliferation, migration, and invasion of oral cancer KB cells. Furthermore, malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione (GSH) levels were determined. Fluorescent probes were used to detect changes in intracellular reactive oxygen species and iron ions. Additionally, the expressions of ferroptosis-related proteins, NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), ferritin heavy chain 1 (FTH1), heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1), and glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) were analyzed by Western blotting assays. Results: Erianin induced ferroptosis and inhibited the proliferation, migration, and invasion of KB cells. Moreover, erianin decreased GSH level, increased MDA level, elevated intracellular ROS and Fe

17.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 383-391, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942363

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of health education on knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) relating to malaria control among overseas enterprise employees. Methods In September 2019, on-site malaria control health education was conducted among all Chinese employees of a China-funded mining enterprise in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The KAP questionnaire for malaria control was generated on the Questionstar website, and the participants were subjected to two questionnaire surveys prior to and 14 months after health education. After the questionnaires were recovered, all valid questionnaires were divided into 4 groups, including the baseline group (the questionnaires filled out by respondents who received health education and participated in two questionnaire surveys before health education), the loss-to-follow-up group (the questionnaires filled out by respondents who received health education but only participated in the questionnaire survey after health education), the retest group (the questionnaires filled out by respondents who received health education and participated in two questionnaire surveys after health education) and the new group (questionnaires filled out by respondents who did not receive health education and only participated in the questionnaire survey after health education) according to subjects’ receiving health education and participation in two questionnaire surveys. The correct rate of malaria control knowledge, the proportion to good attitudes towards malaria control and the proportion of good practices towards malaria control were compared between the baseline group and the loss-to-follow-up group, between the baseline group and the retest group, and between the retest group and the new group. Results A total of 110 and 142 valid questionnaires were recovered during the two surveys, and the recovery rates were 90.9% and 70.3%, respectively. There were 77, 77, 33, and 65 valid questionnaires recovered from the baseline group, the loss-to-follow-up group, the retest group, and the new group, respectively. There were no significant differences in respondents’ gender, age and educational levels between the baseline group and the loss-to-follow-up group (all P values > 0.05), and there were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of the mean score of malaria control knowledge (Z = 2.011, P > 0.05), the mean score of attitudes towards malaria control (t = −0.787, P > 0.05) and the mean score of practices towards malaria control (t = −0.787, P > 0.05). There were significant differences between the retest group and the baseline group in terms of the mean score of malaria control knowledge (10.83 vs. 9.79; Z = −4.017, P < 0.05), the mean score of attitudes towards malaria control (29.48 vs. 28.61; Z = −1.981, P < 0.05) and the mean score of practices towards malaria control (6.43 vs. 5.91; Z = −2.499, P < 0.05). There were no significant differences between the retest group and the new group in terms of gender, age or education levels (all P values > 0.05), and a higher mean score of malaria control knowledge was found in the retest group than in the new group (10.83 vs. 9.81; Z = −2.962, P < 0.05), while no significant differences were seen in the mean score of attitudes towards malaria control (29.48 vs. 30.17; Z = −1.158, P > 0.05) and the mean score of practices towards malaria control (6.43 vs. 6.37; Z = −0.048, P > 0.05) between the two groups. Conclusion Malaria control health education may significantly improve the understanding of malaria control knowledge, positive attitudes towards malaria control and the compliance of practices towards malaria control among overseas enterprise employees.

18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 59-65, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940352

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of modified Renshen Wumeitang(MRWT) on the related regulatory factors of the γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) signaling pathway in colon tissues of rats with diarrhea, and reveal the mechanism of MRWT in invigorating Qi, generating fluid, and checking diarrhea. MethodForty-eight SD immature rats were randomly divided into a blank group (n=12) and an experimental group (n=36). The diarrhea model was induced in the experimental group by Sennae Folium combined with overstrain and improper diet for 14 days. Subsequently, the model rats were randomly divided into a model group (normal saline, 20 mL·kg-1), a western medicine group (Medilac-Vita, 0.7 g·kg-1), and a Chinese medicine group (MRWT, 35 g·kg-1), with 12 rats in each group. The rats in the blank group received normal saline at 20 mL·kg-1, and those in the other groups were treated correspondingly, once a day for 7 days. The general condition, loose stool rate, and diarrhea index of the rats were observed daily. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the optical density expression of GABA protein in the colon of rats. The content of phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K), protein kinase B2 (Akt2), phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt), and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The mRNA and protein expression levels of PI3K, Akt2, and GABA type A receptor subunit β2 (GABRB2) in the colon of rats were detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot, respectively. ResultCompared with the blank group, the model group showed worsened general condition, The difference was not statistically significant of loose stool rate and diarrhea index, increased expression of GABA protein (P<0.05), elevated expression of PI3K, Akt2, p-Akt, and IL-1β (P<0.05, P<0.01), and up-regulated PI3K, Akt2, and GABRB2 mRNA and protein expression (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the western medicine group and the Chinese medicine group showed the improved general condition, decreased loose stool rate and diarrhea index (P<0.01), and decreased content of PI3K, Akt2, p-Akt, and IL-1β (P<0.05). The Chinese medicine group displayed decreased mRNA expression of PI3K, Akt2, and GABRB2 (P<0.05, P<0.01) and down-regulated protein expression of GABA, PI3K, and GABRB2 (P<0.05, P<0.01). The western medicine group exhibited down-regulated mRNA expression of PI3K,Akt2,and protein of PI3K (P<0.05). ConclusionMRWT can regulate the GABA signaling pathway, reduce Cl- flow in intestinal epithelial cells to the intestinal lumen, and improve the imbalance of colonic fluid metabolism in the colon of diarrhea rats, thereby exerting its effects of invigorating qi, generating fluid, and checking diarrhea.

19.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 71-77, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936286

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify the target genes mediating anti-tumor effect of sesquiterpenoids from Cryptoporus volvatus and explore the possible mechanism using molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulation.@*METHODS@#Based on the chemical structure of sesquiterpenes from C. volvatus, we explored the online reverse target finding websites PharmMapper, SEA, Target Hunter and related literature for preliminary prediction of possible anti-tumor targets. Discovery Studio 4.0 (Libdock function) and Maestro 12.3 were used to connect sesquiterpenes with the possible targets, and the potential targets were selected according to the scores. The interaction between the sesquiterpenes and the targets were analyzed using 2D interaction diagram, and the influence of different sesquiterpene skeletons on their activity was inferred based on their activity measurements in experiment. Kinetic simulation was performed for front-end protein sequence (1UNQ) of the Akt (protein kinase B) and for the complex formed by 1UNQ and compound 4 (which had the best cytotoxic activity in vitro) in its optimal conformation, and the root mean square deviation (RMSD) value and root mean square float (RMSF) value of the complex and 1UNQ were measured to evaluate the stability of the binding of compound 4 to the target.@*RESULTS@#The sesquiterpenes showed optimal binding with 1UNQ. Analysis of 2D interaction diagram suggested that the hydrogen bonding and electrostatic force were the most important forces mediating the interaction between the sesquiterpenes and 1UNQ. Analysis of the optimal 3D conformation showed that for different sesquiterpenes, a slight change of the molecular framework produced a steric hindrance effect and caused changes in their bioactivity. Kinetic simulation showed that the complex formed by compound 4 and1UNQ had a lower RMSD than the target pure protein sequence, indicating that compound 4 could stably bind to 1UNQ. The anti-tumor effect of the sesquiterpenoids from C. volvatus was associated with their ability to cause Lys-144 acetylation, which blocks Akt binding to the downstream PIP3 and thus affects the proliferation of tumor cells.@*CONCLUSION@#1UNQ is the target of sesquiterpenoids from C. volvatus, which affects the proliferation of tumor cells by acetylating Lys-14.


Subject(s)
Humans , Molecular Docking Simulation , Neoplasms , Polyporaceae , Sesquiterpenes/pharmacology
20.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 729-733, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957202

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the kinetic metrics of 68Ga-fibroblast activation protein inhibitor (FAPI)-04 in pancreatic cancers and normal organs by using total-body PET dynamic imaging. Methods:From December 2020 to December 2021, 68Ga-FAPI-04 total-body PET/CT dynamic imaging were performed on 6 pancreatic cancer patients (3 males, 3 females, median age 55.5 years) in Ren Ji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Images were respectively analyzed. Manual delineations of volume of interests (VOIs) on multiple normal organs and pathological lesions were performed and time-to-activity curves (TACs) were generated. A reversible two-tissue compartment model (2TCM) was fitted for each tissue TAC. Rate constants including K1, k2, k3 and k4, and the total volume of distribution ( Vt) were obtained and compared by tissue types. Wilcoxon rank sum test and Spearman correlation analysis were used for data analysis. Results:Kinetic metrics varied significantly among normal organs and pancreatic cancer lesions ( z values: 2.00-1 240.00, all P<0.05). The highest K1 among lesions was observed in primary tumor (0.30 min -1), which was observed in the spleen (1.42 min -1) among normal organs. The highest k2 among lesions was observed in peritoneal metastases (0.24 min -1), which was observed in the spleen (2.59 min -1) among normal organs. Primary tumor showed the highest k3 of 0.17 min -1 among lesions, and the pancreas had the highest k3 of 0.16 min -1 among normal organs. Primary tumor had the highest k4 of 0.03 min -1 among lesions, and the heart, lungs, parotid glands had high k4(0.06 min -1) among normal organs. Vt were higher in pathological lesions compared to normal organs, with the highest in primary tumor (13.78 ml/cm 3). There were correlations between Vt in lesions and SUV mean( rs=0.86, P<0.001) or SUV max ( rs=0.77, P<0.001). Conclusion:The rate constants including K1, k2, k3 and k4, and Vt of 68Ga-FAPI-04 vary among normal organs and lesions.

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