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1.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 606-613, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985917

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the mechanism of intestinal tissue damage induced by macrophages activated by WNT2B high-expressed fibroblasts. Methods: This study involved biological information analysis, pathological tissue research and cell experimental research. The biological information of the colon tissue from the children with inflammatory bowel disease in previous study was analyzed again with single-cell sequencing. The pathological tissues were collected by colonoscopy from 10 children with Crohn's disease treated in the Department of Gastroenterology of Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center from July 2022 to September 2022. According to the findings of colonoscopy, tissues with obvious inflammation or ulceration were classified as the inflammatory group, while tissues with slight inflammation and no ulceration were classified as the non-inflammatory group. HE staining was performed to observe the pathological changes of the colon tissues. Macrophage infiltration and CXCL12 expression were detected by immunofluorescence. In terms of cell experiments, fibroblasts transfected with WNT2B plasmid or empty plasmid were co-cultured with salinomycin treated or non-treated macrophages, respectively; the expression of proteins through Wnt classical pathway were detected by western blotting. Macrophages treated with SKL2001 were used as the experimental group, and those with phosphate buffer as the control group. The expression and secretion of CXCL12 in macrophages were detected by quantitative Real-time PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). T-test or rank sum test were used for the comparison between groups. Results: Single-cell sequencing analysis suggested that macrophages were the main cells in inflammatory bowel disease colon tissue, and there was interaction between WNT2B high-expressed fibroblasts and macrophages. HE staining of the 10 patients ((9.3±3.8) years old, 7 males and 3 females) showed that the pathological score of colon tissue in the inflammatory group was higher than that in the non-inflammatory group (4 (3, 4) vs. 2 (1, 2) points, Z=3.05, P=0.002). Tissue immunofluorescence indicated that the number of infiltrating macrophages in the inflammatory group was significantly higher than that in the non-inflammatory group under high power field of view (72.8±10.4 vs.8.4±3.5, t=25.10, P<0.001), as well as the number of cells expressing CXCL12 (14.0±3.5 vs. 4.7±1.9, t=14.68, P<0.001). In cell experiments, western blotting suggested an elevated level of glycogen synthase kinase-3β phosphorylation in macrophages co-cultured with fibroblast transfected with WNT2B plasmid, and salinmycin could reverse this change. Real-time PCR suggested that the transcription level of CXCL12 in the experimental group was higher than that in the control group (6.42±0.04 vs. 1.00±0.03, t=183.00, P<0.001), as well as the expression and secretion of CXCL12 by ELISA ((465±34) vs. (77±9) ng/L, t=13.21, P=0.006). Conclusion: WNT2B high-expressed fibroblasts can secrete WNT2B protein and activate the Wnt classical signaling pathway thus enhancing the expression and secretion of CXCL12 in macrophages, inducing the development of intestinal inflammation of Crohn's disease.


Subject(s)
Child , Male , Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Adolescent , Crohn Disease , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Colon , Inflammation , Colonoscopy , Glycoproteins , Wnt Proteins
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3701-3714, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981502

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the anti-inflammatory material basis and molecular mechanism of Artemisia stolonifera based on the analysis of the chemical components in different extracted fractions of A. stolonifera and their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects in combination with network pharmacology and molecular docking. Thirty-two chemical components were identified from A. stolonifera by ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS). Among them, there were 7, 21 and 22 compounds in water, n-butanol and ethyl acetate fractions, respectively. The antio-xidant capacity of different extracted fractions was evaluated by measuring their scavenging ability against 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical 2,2-diphenyl-1-(2,4,6-trinitrophenyl) hydrazyl(DPPH) and 2,2'-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid)(ABTS) free radicals and total antioxidant capacity [ferric reducing antioxidant power(FRAP) assay]. The inflammatory model of RAW264.7 cells was induced by lipopolysaccharide(LPS), and the levels of nitrite oxide(NO), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukin-6(IL-6) in the supernatant and the mRNA expression of related inflammatory factors in cells were used to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effects. The results revealed that ethyl acetate fraction of A. stolonifera was the optimal antioxidant and anti-inflammatory fraction. By network pharmacology, it was found that flavonoids such as rhamnazin, eupatilin, jaceosidin, luteolin and nepetin could act on key targets such as TNF, serine/threonine protein kinase 1(AKT1), tumor protein p53(TP53), caspase-3(CASP3) and epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR), and regulate the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase-protein kinase B(PI3K-AKT) and mitogen-activated protein kinase(MAPK) signaling pathways to exert the anti-inflammatory effects. Molecular docking further indicated excellent binding properties between the above core components and core targets. This study preliminarily clarified the anti-inflammatory material basis and mechanism of ethyl acetate fraction of A. stolonifera, providing a basis for the follow-up clinical application of A. stolonifera and drug development.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants/chemistry , Molecular Docking Simulation , Artemisia , Network Pharmacology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Interleukin-6
3.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 10-22, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992568

ABSTRACT

Bone defects caused by different causes such as trauma, severe bone infection and other factors are common in clinic and difficult to treat. Usually, bone substitutes are required for repair. Current bone grafting materials used clinically include autologous bones, allogeneic bones, xenografts, and synthetic materials, etc. Other than autologous bones, the major hurdles of rest bone grafts have various degrees of poor biological activity and lack of active ingredients to provide osteogenic impetus. Bone marrow contains various components such as stem cells and bioactive factors, which are contributive to osteogenesis. In response, the technique of bone marrow enrichment, based on the efficient utilization of components within bone marrow, has been risen, aiming to extract osteogenic cells and factors from bone marrow of patients and incorporate them into 3D scaffolds for fabricating bone grafts with high osteoinductivity. However, the scientific guidance and application specification are lacked with regard to the clinical scope, approach, safety and effectiveness. In this context, under the organization of Chinese Orthopedic Association, the Expert consensus for the clinical application of autologous bone marrow enrichment technique for bone repair ( version 2023) is formulated based on the evidence-based medicine. The consensus covers the topics of the characteristics, range of application, safety and application notes of the technique of autologous bone marrow enrichment and proposes corresponding recommendations, hoping to provide better guidance for clinical practice of the technique.

4.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 357-365, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990855

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically evaluate the effect of repeated low-level red light (RLRL) therapy on controlling the progression of myopia in children.Methods:Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, ClinicalTrial.gov and the CNKI, VIP, Wanfang database, and Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (www.chictr.org.cn) were searched from their establishment to September 2022 to obtain the randomized controlled trial (RCT) about RLRL controlling myopia progression in children.Grey literature was also searched.Inclusion and exclusion criteria were developed according to the PICOS principle.Two researchers screened the literature independently, extracted data, and assessed the risk of bias in the included studies using the Cochrane collaboration tool for assessing risk of bias.The data were imported into RevMan 5.4 software for meta-analysis.Mean and standard deviation of data were used to obtain mean differences and 95% confidence intervals of included studies.Changes in spherical equivalent (SE) and axial length (AL) were compared between before and after the intervention in RLRL and single-vision spectacle (experimental group) and single-vision spectacle (control group). The GRADE system was used to grade the quality of evidence for the outcome indicators.Results:A total of 157 studies were obtained.After the screening, 7 RCT studies including 1 038 study subjects met the inclusion criteria.Meta-analysis results showed that retarded SE progression was retarded and AL elongation was reduced significantly after different follow-up durations (1, 3, 6, 12 and 24 months) in experimental group compared with control group.As the follow-up duration extended from 1 month to 24 months, the retard of SE progression increased from 0.14 to 0.93 D, and the reduction of AL increased from 0.07 to 0.48 mm.Both 635 and 650 nm red light significantly retarded SE progression and reduced AL elongation.The two outcome indicators, SE change and AL change were moderate-strength evidence by GRADE.Conclusions:The current moderate-strength evidence shows that RLRL can better retard myopia progression in children than single-vision spectacle glasses.

5.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1715-1720, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990396

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the current status of discharge planning of ward nurses in cardiovascular department and analyzed influencing factors, and to provide reference for intervention strategies to build the discharge planning ability of the responsible nurses in cardiovascular department.Methods:This study was a cross-sectional survey. Convenience sampling method was adopted to select 267 ward nurses of cardiovascular department from 5 first-class hospitals in Dalian City from July to August 2022 as the research objects. The questionnaire survey was conducted by general data questionnaire, Job-Esteem Scale for Nurses in Hospital and Discharge Planning of Ward Nurses. Multiple linear regression analysis and Pearson correlation analysis were used for data analysis.Results:The total score of discharge planning of ward nurses in cardiovascular department was (103.86 ± 16.20) points; the total score of nurses' professional respect was (98.92 ± 13.67) points, and the total score of discharge planning of ward nurses in cardiovascular department was positively correlated with the total score of job-esteem and scores of all dimensions ( r values were 0.382-0.551, all P<0.01). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that age, professional title, certificate of cardiovascular nurses and job-esteem of nurses were influencing factors of discharge planning of ward nurses in cardiovascular department ( t values were 2.57-8.27, all P<0.05), accounting for 47.3% of the total variation. Conclusions:The discharge planning of ward nurses in cardiovascular department was above the medium level, and age, professional title, whether they were cardiovascular nurses and job-esteem were the influencing factors. From the perspective of improving nurses' job-esteem, nursing managers can focus on young nurses and nurses with low professional titles, attach importance to the training of specialized ward nurses in cardiovascular department, and take certain countermeasures to improve the discharge planning of ward nurses in cardiovascular department.

6.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1665-1670, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990388

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between challenge-hindrance stressors and thriving at work in clinical nurses, and to analyze the mediating role of intrinsic motivation.Methods:This was a cross-sectional survey. A total of 319 nurses from the Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Shandong Provincial Qianfoshan Hospital from May to June 2022 were investigated by general data questionnaire, Challenge-Hindrance Stressors Scale, Intrinsic Motivation Scale and Thriving At Work Scale. Pearson was used to analyze the correlation between various variables, and Amos 23.0 was used to construct a structural equation model to analyze the mediating role of intrinsic motivation between challenging stressors, hindrance stressors, and thriving at work.Results:The score for challenging stressors was (21.22 ± 4.42) points, the score for hindrance stressors was (13.51 ± 3.59) points, the score for intrinsic motivation was (78.96 ± 11.52) points, and the score for thriving at work was (51.27 ± 8.03) points. Challenging stressors was positively associated with intrinsic motivation and thriving at work ( r=0.222, 0.221, both P<0.01), hindrance stressors was negatively associated with intrinsic motivation and thriving at work ( r=-0.152, -0.337, both P<0.01), intrinsic motivation was positively correlated with thriving at work ( r=0.564, P<0.01). Intrinsic motivation was partially mediated between challenging stressors, hindrance stressors and thriving at work, respectively accounting for 16.02% and 13.79%. Conclusions:Challenging stressors and hindrance stressors can indirectly influence their thriving at work through intrinsic motivation. Nursing managers should help nurses treat different stressors correctly to enhance their intrinsic motivation and promote their thriving at work.

7.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 956-961, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990279

ABSTRACT

The article summarized and analyzed the application status, specific application methods, shortcomings and prospects of mobile medical technology in the prevention and treatment of diabetic foot, and to provide reference for the application and future research of mobile medical technology in the prevention and treatment of diabetic foot in our country.

8.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 206-212, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971516

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mechanism by which fibroblasts with high WNT2b expression causes intestinal mucosa barrier disruption and promote the progression of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).@*METHODS@#Caco-2 cells were treated with 20% fibroblast conditioned medium or co-cultured with fibroblasts highly expressing WNT2b, with the cells without treatment with the conditioned medium and cells co-cultured with wild-type fibroblasts as the control groups. The changes in barrier permeability of Caco-2 cells were assessed by measuring transmembrane resistance and Lucifer Yellow permeability. In Caco-2 cells co-cultured with WNT2b-overexpressing or control intestinal fibroblasts, nuclear entry of β-catenin was detected with immunofluorescence assay, and the expressions of tight junction proteins ZO-1 and E-cadherin were detected with Western blotting. In a C57 mouse model of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced IBD-like enteritis, the therapeutic effect of intraperitoneal injection of salinomycin (5 mg/kg, an inhibitor of WNT/β-catenin signaling pathway) was evaluated by observing the changes in intestinal inflammation and detecting the expressions of tight junction proteins.@*RESULTS@#In the coculture system, WNT2b overexpression in the fibroblasts significantly promoted nuclear entry of β-catenin (P < 0.01) and decreased the expressions of tight junction proteins in Caco-2 cells; knockdown of FZD4 expression in Caco-2 cells obviously reversed this effect. In DSS-treated mice, salinomycin treatment significantly reduced intestinal inflammation and increased the expressions of tight junction proteins in the intestinal mucosa.@*CONCLUSION@#Intestinal fibroblasts overexpressing WNT2b causes impairment of intestinal mucosal barrier function and can be a potential target for treatment of IBD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mice , Animals , Caco-2 Cells , beta Catenin/metabolism , Culture Media, Conditioned/pharmacology , Tight Junctions/metabolism , Intestinal Mucosa , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Tight Junction Proteins/metabolism , Inflammation/metabolism , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Glycoproteins/metabolism , Wnt Proteins/pharmacology , Frizzled Receptors/metabolism
9.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 758-765, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956732

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of radiomics model based on intratumoral and peritumoral early dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI for identifying benign and malignant in breast imaging reporting and data system (BI-RADS) 4 tumors.Methods:A total of 191 patients diagnosed with BI-RADS 4 breast tumors by breast MRI examination with clear pathological diagnosis from January 2016 to December 2020 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College were analyzed retrospectively, including 77 benign and 114 malignant cases, aged 23-68 (46±10) years. The one-slice image with the largest area of the lesion of the second stage DCE-MRI images was selected to outline the region of interest, and automatically conformal extrapolated by 5 mm to extract the intra-tumoral and peritumoral radiomics features. The included cases were randomly divided into training and testing cohorts in the ratio of 8∶2. The statistical and machine learning methods were used for feature dimensionality reduction and selection of optimal radiomics features, and logistic regression was used as the classifier to establish the intratumoral, peritumoral, and intratumoral combined with peritumoral radiomics models. The independent risk factors that could predict the benignity and malignancy of breast tumors were retained as clinical-radiological characteristics by univariate and multivariate logistic regression to establish a clinical-radiological model. Finally, the intratumoral and peritumoral radiomics features were combined with clinical-radiological features to develop a combined model of the three. The receiver operating curve was used to analyze the predictive performance of each model and calculate the area under the curve (AUC),the AUC was compared by DeLong test. The stability of the three-component combined diagnostic model was tested by 10-fold cross-validation, and the model was visualized by plotting nomogram and calibration curves.Results:In the training cohort, the AUC of the three-component combined model for identifying benign and malignant BI-RADS 4 breast tumors was significantly higher than that of the intratumoral radiomics model ( Z=3.38, P<0.001), the peritumoral radiomics model ( Z=4.01, P<0.001), the intratumoral combined with peritumoral radiomics model ( Z=3.11, P=0.002), and the clinical-radiological model ( Z=3.24, P=0.001). And the AUC, sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and F1-score of the three-component combined model were 0.932, 91.2%, 86.9%, 87.0% and 0.89, respectively. In the testing cohort, the three-component combined model also had the highest AUC value (0.875), and diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, accuracy and malignancy F1-score were 95.7%, 62.5%, 76.9%, and 0.89, respectively. The AUC calculated by 10-fold cross-validation was 0.90 (0.85-0.92), and the predicted curve of the three-component combined model in the calibration curve was in good agreement with the ideal curve. Conclusion:The three-component combined diagnostic model based on the intratumoral and peritumoral radiomics features and clinical-radiological features of early DCE-MRI has good performance and stability for identifying the benign and malignant in BI-RADS 4 breast tumors, and it can provide guidance for clinical decision non-invasively.

10.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 171-177, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935240

ABSTRACT

Objective: To express DNA-binding protein (DBP) of human adenovirus (HAdV) type 7 using the prokaryotic expression system, and product anti-HAdV-7 DBP rabbit polyclonal antibody. Methods: The HAdV-7 DBP gene was synthesized and cloned into prokaryotic expressing vector pET30a, and the recombinant plasmid was transformed into E. coli BL21 (DE3) competent cell. The recombinant protein DBP was expressed by induced Isopropyl-beta-D-thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG) and purified with Ni-NTA affinity column. The titer of anti-DBP polyclonal antibody produced in immunized rabbit was measured by indirect ELISA, and the specificity of the antibody was identified by Western blotting and indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA). In addition, purified rDBP was used as coating antigen for indirect ELISA assay to detect specific IgM and IgG antibodies against DBP in the serum of children infected with HAdV. Results: The HAdV-7 DBP plasmid was constructed successfully. The purified recombinant DBP was more than 95% after purification. The titer of polyclonal antibody was 1∶1 024 000. The polyclonal antibody showed high specificity in vitro using Western blotting and IFA. The positive rate of specific anti-DBP IgM and IgG antibody in acute-phase serum samples collected from children infected with HAdV were 50.0% (19/38) and 63.2% (24/38), respectively, using indirect ELISA. Conclusion: In summary, the HAdV-7 rDBP is expressed using prokaryotic expression system, and the recombinant HAdV-7 DBP protein and the anti-DBP rabbit polyclonal antibody with high titer are prepared.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Adenoviruses, Human/genetics , Antibody Specificity , Blotting, Western , DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Escherichia coli/genetics , Immunoglobulin G
11.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 91-98, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932455

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical significance of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] level in patients with connective tissue disease (CTD) related-pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH).Methods:CTD patients with PAH (CTD-PAH) and without PAH (CTD-non-PAH) were colle-cted. All data were analyzed.Results:The serum 25(OH)D in the CTD-PAH group was significantly lower than that in the CTD-non-PAH group [(14±8) ng/ml vs (20±8) ng/ml, t=-5.94, P<0.001]. The 25(OH)D deficiency rate in the CTD-PAH group 86.2%(112/130) was significantly higher than that in the CTD-non-PAH group 57.7% (75/130) ( χ2=26.07, P<0.001), while the insufficiency rate was significantly lower [10.0%(13/130) vs 32.3% (42/130), χ2=19.39, P<0.001]. Serum 25(OH)D levels in the systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), systemic sclerosis (SSc) associated PAH group were lower than those in the SLE [14(8, 17) ng/ml vs 19(15, 23) ng/ml, Z=-3.66, P<0.001], SSc [11(8, 17) ng/ml vs 24(18, 30) ng/ml, Z=-4.97, P<0.001] without PAH group. The levels of serum 25(OH)D in CTD-PAH youthful group, in the middle age group were lower than that in CTD-non-PAH youthful group [(12±8) ng/ml vs (19±8) ng/ml, t=-4.36, P<0.001] and in the middle age group [(14±7) ng/ml vs (21±8) ng/ml, t=-3.75, P<0.001]. Serum levels of 25(OH)D [ OR (95% CI)=1.100 (1.058, 1.144), P<0.001], uric acid [ OR(95% CI)=0.996(0.993, 0.998), P=0.003], immune globulin (Ig)G [ OR(95% CI)=1.123(1.057, 1.194), P<0.001] were associated with PAH in CTD patients. Serum 25(OH)D was positively correlated with calcium ( r=0.24, P=0.007), while negatively correlated between serum 25(OH)D and IgM ( r=-0.34, P<0.001). Conclusion:The occurrence and development of CTD-PAH may be related to the decrease of 25(OH)D level. Serum 25(OH)D level is associated with PAH in CTD patients.

12.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2157-2161, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954987

ABSTRACT

This article reviews the concept, evaluation criteria, current situation, influencing factors and the impact on health of intrinsic capacity in the elderly at home and abroad, in order to provide reference for clinical medical staff to improve the elderly′s intrinsic capacity, and actively carry out targeted interventions and related research.

13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 161-166, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940672

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo establish the frozen section method of Ferula ferulaeoides, and to study the histochemical localization of volatile oil and coumarins in different organs of F. ferulaeoides. MethodThe roots, stems, petioles and leaves of F. ferulaeoides were used as materials to investigate the concentration of sucrose protectant, liquid nitrogen flash-freezing time, embedding conditions, section thickness, freezing temperature and time and post-treatment methods, the most suitable section conditions were screened by comparing the integrity, microscopic effect, elongation and clarity of frozen sections. Sudan Ⅳ staining method and fluorescence microscopy were used to locate the volatile oil and coumarins of F. ferulaeoides. ResultThe optimal conditions for frozen sections of the roots, stems, petioles and leaves of F. ferulaeoides were as follows:10%, 15% and 20% gradient sucrose as the protectant for roots, 10%, 20% and 30% gradient sucrose as the protectant for stems and petioles, 20%, 25% and 30% gradient sucrose as the protectant for leaves, glue-water (2∶1) as the embedding agent, quick-freeze in liquid nitrogen for 20 s, warmed up at -25 ℃ for 30 min, sliced at -20 ℃ with the thickness of 25 μm, rinsed with the same concentration of sucrose solution (gradient sucrose solution selected the last concentration), and the slices placed on the ice pack for a period of time and stored at room temperature. Among them, the concentration of sucrose protectant was the most important factor. The results of histochemical localization showed that volatile oil and coumarins in four organs of F. ferulaeoides were mainly distributed in resin canal. ConclusionFrozen section of F. ferulaeoides is established for the first time with high rate of slicing and simplified steps, its volatile oil and coumarins are mainly accumulated in resin canal.

14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3052-3057, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888043

ABSTRACT

To study the material basis and mechanism of volatile oil from Alpinia oxyphylla in treating Alzheimer's disease(AD) based on GC-MS and network pharmacology. Ingredients of volatile oil from A.oxyphylla were analyzed by GC-MS. Targets of those ingredients were obtained through Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP). Relevant targets of AD were obtained through such databases as DrugBank, STITCH, OMIM. Intersection targets of ingredients and diseases were obtained by Online Venny map, and PPI network was established by STRING to screen out core targets. Gene ontology(GO) functional enrichment analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis were performed by DAVID. The "ingredients-target-pathway" network was constructed by software Cytoscape 3.8.1 to screen out potential active ingredients of volatile oil from A.oxyphylla in the treatment of AD. The results showed that a total of 6 active ingredients were screened from the volatile oil of A.oxyphylla by GC-MS, 17 targets corresponding to 6 active ingredients were found in TCMSP database, and 3 448 AD targets were found in DrugBank database. "Ingredients-target-pathway" network and PPI network showed there were 4 potential active ingredients in the treatment of AD and 4 core targets. GO analysis and KEGG analysis showed 34(P<0.05) and 5(P<0.05) pathways, respectively, including nerve ligand receptor interaction, calcium signaling pathway, cholinergic synapse and 5-hydroxytryptaminergic synapse. This suggested that volatile oil from A.oxyphylla could synergistically treat AD by regulating calcium balance, cholinergic balance and phosphorylation. This study provided reference and guidance for further study of volatile oil from A.oxyphylla in the treatment of AD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alpinia , Alzheimer Disease/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Molecular Docking Simulation , Oils, Volatile
15.
Endocrinology and Metabolism ; : 123-133, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874541

ABSTRACT

Background@#Assessing nuclear features is diagnostically challenging in the aspect of thyroid pathology. The aim of this study was to determine whether pathologists could distinguish BRAF-like and RAS-like nuclear features morphologically and identify morphological features to differentiate thyroid tumors with RAS-like mutations from encapsulated papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) with predominant follicular growth and BRAFV600E mutation. @*Methods@#Representative whole slide images of 16 encapsulated thyroid tumors with predominant follicular growth were reviewed by 12 thyroid pathologists using a web browser-based image viewer. Total nuclear score was calculated from semi-quantitatively scored eight nuclear features. The molecular profile of RAS and BRAF genes was determined by Sanger sequencing. @*Results@#Total nuclear score ranging 0 to 24 could differentiate BRAF-like tumors from RAS-like tumors with a cut-off value of score 14. The interobserver agreement was the highest for the assessment of nuclear pseudoinclusions (NPIs) but the lowest for nuclear elongation and sickle-shaped nuclei. NPIs were found in tumors with BRAFV600E mutation, but not in tumors with RAS-like mutations. Total nuclear scores were significantly higher for tumors with BRAFV600E than for those with RAS-like mutations (P<0.001). @*Conclusion@#Our results suggest that NPIs and high nuclear scores have diagnostic utility as rule-in markers for differentiating PTC with BRAFV600E mutation from benign or borderline follicular tumors with RAS-like mutations. Relaxation of rigid criteria for nuclear features resulted in an overdiagnosis of PTC. Immunostaining or molecular testing for BRAFV600E mutation is a useful adjunct for cases with high nuclear scores to identify true PTC.

16.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1392-1395, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911025

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the association between serum cystatin C(CysC)and bone turnover markers levels in elderly chronic kidney disease(CKD)patients with different estimated glomerular filtration rate(eGFR).Methods:A total of 74 elderly patients aged 61-97(79.5±8.7)years with 40 males, receiving serum CysC and bone turnover markers tests, were recruited in the Department of Geriatrics, Peking University Third Hospital from June 2019 to June 2020.They were divided into normal eGFR group(G1 and G2 stage)(eGFR≥60 ml·min -1·1.73 m -2, n=42)and decreased eGFR group(G3-G5 stage)(eGFR<60 ml·min -1·1.73 m -2, n=32). Serum levels of CysC and bone turnover markers[β-isomerized C-terminal telopeptides(β-CTX)and procollagen type I N-terminal propeptide(P1NP)]were tested.The association between CysC and bone turnover markers was analyzed. Results:The levels of β-CTX, P1NP and parathyroid hormone(PTH)were higher in decreased eGFR group(G3-G5 stage)than in normal eGFR group(G1 and G2 stage), and 25(OH)D3 was lower in decreased eGFR group(G3-G5 stage)than in normal eGFR group(G1 and G2 stage), but the differences were not statistically significant(all P>0.05). In decreased eGFR group(G3-G5 stage), CysC had significant association with β-CTX( r=0.598, P<0.01)and P1NP( r=0.519, P<0.01), respectively.In normal eGFR group(G1 and G2 stage), CysC was significantly related with P1NP( r=0.342, P<0.05), and CysC had no correlation with β-CTX( r=-0.030, P> 0.05). Multiple regression analysis showed that CysC was independently positively associated with P1NP in total 74 subjects( β=19.19, P<0.01), and in 21 osteoporosis patients( β=28.78, P<0.05). Conclusions:In elderly patients with moderate and severe renal dysfunction, a higher CysC level indicates higher bone turnovers.CysC is independently positively associated with the bone formation marker P1NP, suggesting CysC may reflect a bone protective effect in elderly patients with different renal function.

17.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 109-116, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906493

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the quality inspection standard of seeds of <italic>Belamcanda chinensis</italic> and establish the quality grading standard of seeds of <italic>B. chinensis</italic>. Method:The purity of seeds of <italic>B. chinensis</italic> from different producing areas was analyzed,and the 1 000-grain weight,water content,viability and germination rate of seeds of <italic>B. chinensis</italic> with different diameters were determined after diameter classification. K-means was used for cluster analysis to preliminarily formulate the quality grading standard of seeds of <italic>B. chinensis</italic>. Result:There were obvious regional differences in the size of seeds of <italic>B. chinensis</italic>. The particle size of seeds of <italic>B. chinensis</italic> of Xiaochang,Dawu and Huanggang Academy of Agricultural Sciences in Hubei Province was larger and mostly between 4.5 mm to 5.5 mm. The seeds of<italic> B. chinensis </italic>from Tuanfeng,Qujing,Yunnan,and Anguo,Hebei province had smaller particle sizes than those from the other three producing areas,which were mostly between 3.5 mm to 5.0 mm. Arils in seeds of <italic>B. chinensis</italic> were removed by 10% NaClO to effectively break seed dormancy and significantly improve the seed germination rate. On this basis,the seed diameter was taken as the main grading index,and the seed moisture content,viability,germination rate and purity were taken as important reference indexes. The quality of seeds of <italic>B. chinensis</italic> was preliminarily divided into three grades,grade Ⅰ:seed diameter≥5.5 mm,moisture content≤10%,viability≥94%,germination rate≥60%,and cleanliness≥93%;grade Ⅱ:seed diameter≥4.5 mm,moisture content≤10%,viability≥90%,germination rate≥55%,and cleanliness≥85%;and grade Ⅲ:seed diameter≥3.5 mm,moisture content≤10%,viability≥84%,germination rate≥45%,cleanliness≥80%. Conclusion:In this study,the quality grading standard of seeds of <italic>B. chinensis</italic> was preliminarily established to provide reference for the quality evaluation of seeds of <italic>B. chinensis</italic> and the breeding of improved varieties. In addition,the maturity and the storage time of seeds of <italic>B. chinensis</italic> have a greater impact on the quality of seeds,so it is recommended to select fully mature(dark black) seeds and new seeds for production.

18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 1-8, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905981

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of Daizongfang (DZF) on insulin resistance (IR) of adipocytes induced by different methods. Method:The cocktail induction method was adopted to induce the differentiation and maturity of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. An IR model in mature adipocytes was established by the induction of palmitic acid (PA), high-concentration glucose (HG), and dexamethasone (DEX). DZF extracts at different concentrations (2.0, 0.5, 0.1 g·L<sup>-1</sup>) intervened for 24 hours. A model group, a rosiglitazone (RSG) group, and a blank control group were set up at the same time. The glucose concentration in the culture supernatant was measured by the glucose oxidase-peroxidase (GOD-POD) method. Glucose consumptions under basic conditions (G<sub>Basic</sub>) and insulin stimulation (G<sub>Ins</sub>) were calculated to evaluate the insulin sensitivity index (ISI). The mRNA expression of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) was detected by the real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Result:Compared with the model group, the DZF (2.0 g·L<sup>-1</sup>) showed increased G<sub>Basic</sub>, G<sub>Ins</sub>, and ISI in three IR models (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). In addition, for the PA-induced IR model, G<sub>Basic</sub> and G<sub>Ins</sub> in the DZF (0.5 g·L<sup>-1</sup>) group were elevated (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and G<sub>Basic</sub>, G<sub>Ins</sub>, and ISI in the RSG group increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). For the HG-induced IR model, G<sub>Ins</sub> and ISI increased in the DZF (0.5 g·L<sup>-1</sup>) group (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and G<sub>Basic</sub>, G<sub>Ins</sub>, and ISI were elevated in the RSG group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). For the DEX-induced IR model, G<sub>Ins</sub> and ISI increased in the RSG group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). In the three models, there were differences among groups with different doses. G<sub>Basic</sub>, G<sub>Ins</sub>, and ISI in the high-dose DZF group increased in varying degrees compared with those in the medium- and low-dose DZF groups (<italic>P</italic><0.05). In the three models, the DZF (2.0 g·L<sup>-1</sup>) group and the RSG group both increased GLUT4 mRNA expression (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:DZF can reduce IR of adipocytes induced by HG, DEX, or PA in a dose-dependent manner and increase glucose uptake in an insulin-independent manner, which may be related to the increase in GLUT4 expression.

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Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1861-1865, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930345

ABSTRACT

Objective:To clarify the infection and epidemic characteristics of the human metapneumovirus (HMPV) in Chinese patients with febrile respiratory syndrome (FRS), and to provide important baseline data for clinical diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control of HMPV-induced respiratory tract diseases in China.Methods:FRS cases from January 2009 to June 2021 in 9 provinces in China, including Beijing, Hebei, Jilin, Shandong, Shaanxi, Xinjiang, Anhui, Guangdong, Hunan were retrospectively analyzed for their respiratory samples, clinical and epidemic data.The respiratory samples were detected for HMPV by quantitative real-time PCR.Results:A total of 11 660 cases were tested for HMPV, involving 296 (2.54%) HMPV-positive cases.Among 296 HMPV-positive cases, 218 were single HMPV infection, and 78/296 (26.35%) were co-infected with one or more respiratory viruses.HMPV mainly affected children under 5 years of age (3.10%), and in this population, the proportion of pneumonia in HMPV co-infection cases was significantly higher than that of single HMPV infection.HMPV could be detected all year round, which was more popular in winter and spring, with the peak of HMPV epidemic in March.Conclusions:HMPV is one of the important pathogens causing acute respiratory infection in children, showing a clear seasonal epidemic.HMPV can be infected alone or in combination with other respiratory viruses, which may increase the risk of pneumonia in children.

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Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 742-746, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887475

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy between acupuncture-moxibustion treatment by stages and femoston for premature ovarian insufficiency (POI).@*METHODS@#A total of 66 patients with POI were randomly divided into an observation group (33 cases, 3 cases dropped off) and a control group (33 cases, 2 cases dropped off). The patients in the observation group, based on the theory of "transformation of @*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the serum levels of FSH and LH were decreased (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture- moxibustion treatment by stages based on the theory of "transformation of


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Follicle Stimulating Hormone , Moxibustion , Primary Ovarian Insufficiency/therapy
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