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1.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 542-545, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995015

ABSTRACT

Targeted therapy and immunotherapy have achieved great success in treating various solid and non-solid tumors, but the incidence of drugs-related adverse events is relatively high. The paper reports a case of renal thrombotic microangiopathy in an intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma patient who underwent targeted therapy combined with immunotherapy. During the treatment, the tumor burden relieved continuously, but the patient developed proteinuria, edema and hypertension. The ADAMTS13 activity and inhibitors were normal, while the antiphospholipid antibody was positive. The patient was finally diagnosed as glomerular thrombotic microangiopathy with immune complex deposition by renal biopsy. After the cease of the antineoplastic agents and treatment with "cordyceps preparations" and "α-keto acids", the patient's blood pressure dropped to normal, her urine protein turnned to weakly positive, and her renal function remained stable.

2.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2481-2486, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955037

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the optimum time of ambulation of atrial fibrillation patients after radiofrequency ablation, to provide basis for patients' early postoperative rehabilitation.Methods:By convenient sampling method, a total of 120 patients with atrial fibrillation after radiofrequency ablation were collected at Yanghu Branch and City Branch of Changzhou Second People's Hospital from January 2020 to May 2021. They were divided into the early group, middle group and late group according to the random number table method, each group were 40 cases. All patients received routine postoperative intervention, the time of ambulation were 4, 6 and 12 h after operation in the early group, middle group and late group, respectively. The complication rate within 24 h after operation was compared among the three groups, and the comfort level of the three groups at 24, 48 and 72 h after operation was evaluated with Comfort Status Scale (GCQ).Results:Finally, 111 patients were included, including 37 in the early group, 38 in the middle group and 36 in the late group. There was no significant difference in the incidence of bleeding or hematoma, urinary retention, lumbago within 24 h after operation among the three groups ( P>0.05). The incidence of postural hypotension within 24 h after operation in the early group was 2.7% (1/37), which was lower than 21.1% (7/38) and 25.0% (9/36) in the middle and late groups, with a statistically significant difference ( χ2=4.86, 7.67, both P<0.05). At 48 and 72 h after operation, the scores of physiological dimension, psychological dimension and the total score of GCQ in the early group were (20.68 ± 3.07), (22.54 ± 3.35), (81.68 ± 6.11) and (22.54 ± 3.73), (24.38 ± 2.49), (84.92 ± 6.37), higher than those in the middle group (19.16 ± 2.19), (21.32 ± 2.27), (78.24 ± 5.58), (20.93 ± 2.85), (22.32 ± 2.04), (81.66 ± 6.56), and those in the late group (18.44 ± 1.50) (21.31 ± 1.99), (78.06 ± 4.32), (20.89 ± 2.25), (21.58 ± 1.86), (80.28 ± 6.44), the differences were statistically significant ( t values were 2.19-4.15, all P<0.05). Conclusions:Ambulation at 4 h after operation does not increase peripheral vascular complications, but can reduce the incidence of postural hypotension and improve the comfort of patients with atrial fibrillation after radiofrequency ablation.

3.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1361-1367, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954859

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of problem-oriented nursing intervention in the self-management rehabilitation of patients with coronary heart disease after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).Methods:A total of 128 patients with coronary heart disease undergoing PCI operation in Changzhou Second People′s Hospital from January 2019 to January 2021 were selected and randomly divided into the observation group and the control group with 64 cases in each group. The control group was given routine self-management intervention, and the observation group was given problem-oriented self-management intervention. After 6 months of intervention, the indicators of self-management ability, cardiac function, and quality of life were compared between the two groups.Results:After 6 months of intervention, the observation group actually completed 58 cases, and the control group actually completed 62 cases. Before the intervention, there were no significant differences between the two groups in the scores of coronary self-management ability scale, cardiac function index and Seattle Angina Questionnaire ( P>0.05). Six months after intervention, the scores of disease knowledge management, symptom management, first aid management, daily life management, bad addiction management, treatment compliance, and self-management ability in the observation group were 16.34 ± 2.36, 13.36 ± 2.42, 12.26 ± 2.23, 17.45 ± 2.74, 16.52 ± 2.45, 12.16 ± 2.15, 103.54 ± 14.32, which were significant higher than those of in the control group, 14.32 ± 2.45, 12.45 ± 2.23, 10.75 ± 2.32, 16.05 ± 2.45, 15.24 ± 2.53, 10.36 ± 2.24, 94.09 ± 13.36 ( t=2.14-4.59, all P<0.05). After six months of intervention, the left ventricular end-systolic diameter (LVESD) and the left ventricular end-diastolic diameter(LVEDD) were (34.39 ± 6.75) mm and (52.60 ± 6.31) mm, which were significant lower than those of the control group, (38.56 ± 6.52) mm and (55.79 ± 5.74) mm ( t=3.52 and 2.90, both P<0.05). Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and left ventricular short-axis shortening rate (FS) in the observation group after 6 months intervention were (44.25 ± 3.65)% and (23.86 ± 2.41)%, which were significant higher than those of in the control group, (39.24 ± 3.52)% and (22.26 ± 2.51)%( t=7.65 and 3.56, both P<0.05). Six months after the intervention, the scores of the degree of body limitation, angina pectoris, stable angina pectoris attack degree, treatment satisfaction, disease cognition degree, quality of life score in the observation group were 73.09 ± 8.13, 68.21 ± 10.15, 74.10 ± 4.45, 79.36 ± 8.21, 76.53 ± 9.43, 72.26 ± 9.12, which were significant higher than those of in the control group, 64.15 ± 8.11, 59.38 ± 10.23, 63.51 ± 5.23, 62.45 ± 8.16, 67.68 ± 9.20, 63.44 ± 8.65 ( t=4.74-11.91, all P<0.05). Conclusion:Problem-oriented nursing intervention is helpful to promote the development of self-management ability of patients with coronary heart disease after PCI, promote the recovery of postoperative cardiac function, and improve the quality of life of patients.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1301-1307, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910296

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) in evaluating renal injury in patients with early diabetic nephropathy (DN).Methods:From October 2019 to December 2020, 32 patients with early DN were prospectively enrolled in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University. According to the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), they were divided into three groups: DN1 (eGFR≥90 ml·min -1·1.73 m -2, 11 cases), DN2 (60-<90 ml·min -1·1.73 m -2, 11 cases) and DN3 (30-<60 ml·min -1·1.73 m -2, 10 cases). At the same time, 32 normal volunteers were recruited as the control group. Both kidneys were scanned by QSM to measure the susceptibility of renal cortex and medulla. Paired samples t-test was used to compare the differences of the susceptibility between left and right kidneys and between cortex and medulla. One-way analysis of variance was performed to compare the differences of corresponding susceptibility values among different groups, and LSD- t was used for the pairwise comparison. Pearson correlation test was performed between the susceptibility value of the medulla and eGFR. The ROC curve was used to analyze the diagnostic efficacy of QSM parameters in the diagnosis of DN and different degrees of severity of DN. Results:The susceptibility values of bilateral renal medulla in normal volunteers and patients with DN were lower than those of renal cortex (all P<0.001). There was no significant difference in the susceptibility value between left and right renal cortex (all P>0.05). There was significant difference in the susceptibility value between left and right medulla (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the susceptibility value of bilateral renal cortex among the control group and the DN1-DN3 groups (both P>0.05). The susceptibility values of left renal medulla in control group, DN1, DN2 and DN3 groups were (-4.46±1.16)×10 -2, (-5.96±0.97)×10 -2, (-7.97±1.25)×10 -2, (-9.58±1.45)×10 -2 ppm, of right renal medulla were (-3.70±0.65)×10 -2, (-5.06±1.28)×10 -2, (-7.33±1.46)×10 -2, (-9.09±2.22)×10 -2 ppm, respectively. The overall difference of the susceptibility value of bilateral renal medulla was statistically significant (both P<0.05), and there were significant differences between each two groups (all P<0.05). The linear positive correlation were found between the susceptibility values of renal medulla and the corresponding eGFR (left kidney r=0.732, P<0.001; right kidney r=0.684, P<0.001). The areas under the ROC curve (AUC) of left and right renal medulla susceptibility value in diagnosis of normal and DN were 0.931 and 0.943, of DN1 and DN (2 and 3) were 0.952 and 0.883, of DN (1 and 2) and DN3 were 0.888 and 0.831, respectively. Conclusion:The susceptibility value of QSM quantitative parameter has a certain value in the staging and differential diagnosis of early DN, among which the susceptibility value of renal medulla has higher diagnostic efficiency.

5.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 228-232, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857789

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To establish a method to determine the genotoxic impurity, N-nitroso-N-methyl-4-aminobytyric acid, in losartan potassium using high performance liquid chromatography triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS). METHODS: The method was developed by using Shimadzu Shim-pack XR-ODS II column (2.0 mm×150 mm, 2.2 μm). Time program was conducted with mobile phase consisting of water (0.1% formic acid, A) and methanol (B). The flow rate was 0.3 mL•min-1, and the column oven temperature was maintained at 40 ℃. The samples were ionized by electrospray ionization (ESI) with multi reaction monitoring (MRM) data acquisition mode. The collision energies were -11, -13, and -13 V, CID gas was argon with pressure of 270 kPa.3 pairs of precursor, and product ions (m/z) of NMBA were 147.15→117.10, 147.15→87.10, and 147.15→44.10, respectively. RESULTS: The genotoxic impurity NMBA showed linearity between 1 and 100 ng•mL-1 with correlation coefficient of 0.999 9. The intra-day and inter-day repeatability was examined by relative standard deviations (RSDs) of retention time and peak area (RSD<1.10%, n=6 for intra-day repeatability and n=18 for inter-day repeatability). The accuracy was examined by percent recovery at three concentration levels, and the average percent recovery was between 94.40% and 98.04%. CONCLUSION: The established LC-MS/MS method is efficient for limit test and quantitation of NMBA in losartan potassium bulk drug.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 87-93, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802528

ABSTRACT

Objective: To prepare Juglone-loaded poly lactic-co-glycolic acid nanoparticles (Jug-PLGA-NPs), and investigate their physicochemical properties, release characteristics in vitro and anti-tumor activities on A375 melanoma cells in vitro. Method: Jug-PLGA-NPs were prepared by emulsification-solvent evaporation method. Then the particle size, encapsulation efficiency, drug loading rate and in vitro release characteristics were investigated. Fluorescence microscopy was used to observe the uptake of PLGA-NPs in vitro. The distribution of PLGA-NPs in BALB/c nude mice after tail vein injection was observed by the small living animal imaging system. Their inhibition effect on proliferation of A375 cells was detected by thiazolyl blue tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Apoptosis rate and cell cycle detection were performed by flow cytometry. Western blot was used to determine the protein kinase B (Akt), phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt) and cyclinD1. Result: The average particle size of the prepared Jug-PLGA-NPs was (149.6±21.5) nm, entrapment rate of (68.39±2.51)%, and drug-loading rate of (5.07±0.98)%, showing good sustained-release characteristics. PLGA-NPs showed good penetration and targeting properties in cellular uptake in vitro and in vivo imaging. Different concentrations of Jug-PLGA-NPs could significantly inhibit the proliferation and promote apoptosis of A375 cells in a time and concentration dependent manner (P1 expression (P0/G1 phase (PConclusion: The Jug-PLGA-NPs are easy to prepare and have good sustained-release characteristics, tumor targeting and anti-tumor ability, providing a new pharmaceutical dosage form for the future clinical application of Jug.

7.
Journal of Jilin University(Medicine Edition) ; (6): 179-183,后插4, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742750

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the metal artifact reduction effect of orthopedic metal artifact reduction (O-MAR) techonology and its improvement effect on the image quality in CT examination in the patients with arthroplasty, and to elaborate the significance of the technology in clinical diagnosis and treatment of arthroplasty.Methods:The CT data of 20patients with hip or knee prostheses was collected.There were two tube voltages in each group of CT data:120and 140Kev.There were also two groups of CT data in each tube voltage group:nonO-MAR group and O-MAR group;there were four subgroups of CT data of each case:120 Kev/-O-MAR, 120Kev/+O-MAR, 140Kev/-O-MAR, 140Kev/+O-MAR.After data collection, Mimics software was applied to conduct three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction for purpose of the qualitative and quantitative analysis of CT data.Qualitative analysis mainly included the grade of severity of metal artifact and quality of data.Quantitative analysis included the volume of metal artifact, the average CT value and standard deviation (SD) in region of interest (ROI) .ROI 1and ROI 2were chosen at the location of beam hardening artifact (radial high-density metal artifact) and photon starvation artifact (band low-density metal artifact) , respectively.Results:According to the result of3D measurement, the volumes of artifact had no significant difference between 120 Kev/-O-MAR group and140Kev/-O-MAR group (P=0.062) , but there were siginificant differences in the volumes of artifact between other groups (P<0.05) ;O-MAR technology decreased the volume of beam-hardening artifact obviously (P<0.05) .According to the results of two-dimensional (2D) measurement, there was no significant difference in the average CT values in ROI 2between 120Kev/-O-MAR group and 140Kev/-O-MAR group (P=0.069) , but there were significant differences in the average CT values between other groups (P<0.05) ;O-MAR technology decreased the high-density beam-hardening metal artifact and the low-density photon-starvation metal artifact in 2D measurement.Conclusion:O-MAR technology could significantly reduce the CT metal artifact of hip and knee prostheses and increase the clinical value of CT data.

8.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 186-189, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733574

ABSTRACT

Many clinicians have the following 4 misconceptions about the incidence and epedemil trend of gallbladder cancer.(1) The incidence of gallbladder cancer and extrahepatic bile duct carcinoma is considered as the incidence of gallbladder cancer.(2) The gallbladder cancer is the common malignant tumor of the digestive system.(3) The gallbladder cancer is the most common malignant tumor of biliary tract system.(4) The incidence of gallbladder cancer is increasing year by year.Based on the latest annual report of the 2016 Chinese Cancer Registry Annual Report,published by the National Cancer Center (NCCR),combined with previous annual reports and the data of the incidence of gallbladder and extrahepatic bile duct cancer in the related articles,supplemented by clinical data,the author points out that the incidence of gallbladder cancer in China is about 1.00-1.30 per 100 000.It is pointed out that gallbladder cancer is not the most common cancer in the digestive and biliary systems.The incidence of gallbladder cancer has not been significantly increased in recent years,and its 5-year relative survival rate has been reduced by 0.9% since 2003.Although the incidence of gallbladder cancer is low,the malignant degree is high and the prognosis is poor.It highlights the lack of effective treatment for the disease,and further hints that we should strengthen the necessity of early diagnosis and treatment of gallbladder cancer.

9.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 1240-1245, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800217

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore and evaluate the approach of fat repositioning into premaxillary and prezygomatic spaces combined with intraoral fixation in transconjunctival lower blepharoplasty.@*Methods@#17 patients (2 males and 15 females) who underwent this approach from Aug, 2018 to Feb, 2019 were reviewed. Their average age was 36.88±8.80 years old (range, 24 to 55 years old). A 1.0-1.5 cm transverse transconjunctival incision was made. After blunt dissection of premaxillary and prezygomatic spaces, orbital fat were released and sutured with 1-2 absorbable sutures. Via the guidance of astraight needle through the a forementioned spaces, a small incision was made at the upper vestibular labial side. The orbital fat was pulled down according to the consensus between surgeon and patient and fixed upon the small intraoral incision. All incisions didn′t need to be sutured.@*Results@#The mean follow up was 3.53±1.71 months (range, 1 to 6 months), transconjunctival and intraoral incisons healed well. Palpebral bags and tear trough deformity were obviously improved. Postoperatively, 2 patients felt a transient tractive feeling in the midface region 1 week after surgery, which spontaneously recovered within 1 to 2 weeks. One patient had red, swollen and painful skin beside the right nasal alar one month after the operation, and the symptoms disappeared after 3-day intravenous infusion of cefradine. No lower eyelid retraction, ectropion, hematoma and other complications were observed.@*Conclusions@#This novel approach can achieve periorbital rejuvenation and improve the contour of the lower eyelid and mid-face for patients of all the ages with eyelid bags, tear trough deformity, and midfacial depression, but without severe skin laxity.

10.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 1240-1245, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800216

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore and evaluate the approach of fat repositioning into premaxillary and prezygomatic spaces combined with intraoral fixation in transconjunctival lower blepharoplasty.@*Methods@#17 patients (2 males and 15 females) who underwent this approach from Aug, 2018 to Feb, 2019 were reviewed. Their average age was 36.88±8.80 years old (range, 24 to 55 years old). A 1.0-1.5 cm transverse transconjunctival incision was made. After blunt dissection of premaxillary and prezygomatic spaces, orbital fat were released and sutured with 1-2 absorbable sutures. Via the guidance of astraight needle through the a forementioned spaces, a small incision was made at the upper vestibular labial side. The orbital fat was pulled down according to the consensus between surgeon and patient and fixed upon the small intraoral incision. All incisions didn′t need to be sutured.@*Results@#The mean follow up was 3.53±1.71 months (range, 1 to 6 months), transconjunctival and intraoral incisons healed well. Palpebral bags and tear trough deformity were obviously improved. Postoperatively, 2 patients felt a transient tractive feeling in the midface region 1 week after surgery, which spontaneously recovered within 1 to 2 weeks. One patient had red, swollen and painful skin beside the right nasal alar one month after the operation, and the symptoms disappeared after 3-day intravenous infusion of cefradine. No lower eyelid retraction, ectropion, hematoma and other complications were observed.@*Conclusions@#This novel approach can achieve periorbital rejuvenation and improve the contour of the lower eyelid and mid-face for patients of all the ages with eyelid bags, tear trough deformity, and midfacial depression, but without severe skin laxity.

11.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1531-1536, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807855

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of health education based on Pender′s health promotion theory on life style and living quality of patients with coronary heart disease and undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).@*Methods@#A total of 124 cases of patients with coronary heart disease, undergone PCI and admitted to hospital from October 2016 to December 2017 were selected as the research objects, and divided into observation group and control group using the random number table method, with 62 cases in each group. All the patients were performed routine nursing intervention including mental intervention, medication guidance, rehabilitation training, complications prevention and follow-up visit after discharge. Besides, patients in control group were performed routine health education, and those in observation group were performed health education based on Pender′s health promotion theory. After 3 months and 6 months of follow-up visit, the healthy life style and living quality of the patients were measured by Pender Health-promoting Lifestyle Profile and Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ).@*Results@#After 3 months of follow-up visit, the scores of self-actualization, sports health, balanced diet, employment security and interpersonal support development in observation group were respectively (3.01±0.41), (2.94±0.43), (3.14±0.37), (3.14±0.43) and (2.75±0.41), which were significantly higher than (2.80±0.43), (2.63±0.37), (2.89±0.46), (2.82±0.49) and (2.43±0.47) in control group, and the differences were statistically significant (t=2.783, 4.403, 3.335, 3.865, 4.040, P<0.05); after 6 months of follow-up visit, the scores of self-actualization, sports health, balanced diet, employment security and interpersonal support development in observation group were respectively (3.52±0.44), (3.45±0.52), (3.60±0.34), (3.56±0.35), (3.36±0.45) and (50.61±5.53), which were significantly higher than (3.12±0.45), (2.86±0.40), (3.15±0.52), (3.12±0.46) and (2.86±0.56) in control group, and the differences were statistically significant (t=5.004, 7.081, 5.703, 5.994, 5.480, P<0.05).After 3 months of follow-up visit, the scores of body confinement degree, angina stability, angina attack degree, treatment satisfaction scale and disease cognition degree in observation group were respectively (69.02±3.98), (62.38±4.59), (66.39±5.24), (81.42±7.73) and (70.41±5.38), which were significantly higher than (65.56±3.57), (57.34±5.37), (62.86±4.28), (74.59±7.28) and (65.32±4.23) in control group, and the differences were statistically significant (t=5.096, 5.618, 4.108, 5.065, 5.856, P<0.05); after 6 months of follow-up visit, the scores of body confinement degree, angina stability, angina attack degree, treatment satisfaction scale and disease cognition degree in observation group were respectively (74.20±8.41), (70.12±7.24), (71.30±7.62), (91.30±8.21) and (75.21±8.52), which were significantly higher than (68.56±8.10), (64.45±7.62), (65.32±7.10), (85.36±7.62) and (69.52±7.65) in control group, and the differences were statistically significant(t=3.803, 4.247, 4.786, 4.176, 3.913, P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Health education based on Pender′s health promotion theory can help promote the formation of healthy life style of patients with coronary artery disease and undergone PCI and improve their living quality.

12.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 777-780, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807353

ABSTRACT

Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is defined as a congenital vascular anomaly that shunts blood from arteries to veins with no capillary perfusion. In some rare hereditary diseases, including capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation (CM-AVM), hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT), PTEN hamartoma-tumor syndrome (PHTS), AVM is generally considered the characteristic clinic presentation. This review primarily focused on the mechanisms of genetic regulation during embryonic vasculature development, genetic mutations in TGF-beta signaling pathway of HHT, PTEN mutations in PHTS and genetic screening of CM-AVM. In addition, current findings in somatic mutations of extracranial AVM were discussed as well. This review aimed to provide insight into the etiology to help the diagnosis and treatment of extracranial AVM in clinic.

13.
Journal of Jilin University(Medicine Edition) ; (6): 996-1001,后插6, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663010

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the accuracy of stereolithography (SLA)-3D printing model in orthopedics and maxillofacial surgery,and to clarify the reliability of its clinical application.Methods:A total of 33 cases of SLA-3D printing models were randomly included (10 long bones,13 irregular bones and 10 prostheses),and the CT scanning and three-dimensional reconstruction were performed.According to the clinical application characteristics of the models,the max height (MH),max length (ML),max width (MW),width of the trochlear (WT),length of the trochlear (LT),length of the glenoid cavity (LGC),width of the glenoid cavity (WGC),distance of pubic tubercle-anterior superior iliac spine (DPI),diameter of the acetabulum (DA),diameter of the marrow cavity (DMC),anterior height of right ramus (AHRR) and posterior height of right ramus (PHRR) were selected to measure the original data and model data,respectively.The absolute / relative errors were calculated.Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to evaluate the consistency of the data.The three-dimensional error analysis of the prosthesis model was carried out.Results:There were no significant differences in the anatomical parameters except MW of irregular bone (P>0.05) in 33 cases of SLA-3D printing model.The values of ICC were all greater than 0.950;the maximum values of absolute / relative errors were-0.58 mm and-1.37%,respectively;the maximum 3D error of prosthesis model was 0.237 mm,and the average value was 0.132 mm.Conclusion:The CT data of SLA-3D model is highly consistent with the original data,and it is accurate and reliable in the diagnosis and treatment of the diseases in orthopedics and maxillofacial surgery.

14.
Journal of Jilin University(Medicine Edition) ; (6): 996-1001,后插6, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661216

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the accuracy of stereolithography (SLA)-3D printing model in orthopedics and maxillofacial surgery,and to clarify the reliability of its clinical application.Methods:A total of 33 cases of SLA-3D printing models were randomly included (10 long bones,13 irregular bones and 10 prostheses),and the CT scanning and three-dimensional reconstruction were performed.According to the clinical application characteristics of the models,the max height (MH),max length (ML),max width (MW),width of the trochlear (WT),length of the trochlear (LT),length of the glenoid cavity (LGC),width of the glenoid cavity (WGC),distance of pubic tubercle-anterior superior iliac spine (DPI),diameter of the acetabulum (DA),diameter of the marrow cavity (DMC),anterior height of right ramus (AHRR) and posterior height of right ramus (PHRR) were selected to measure the original data and model data,respectively.The absolute / relative errors were calculated.Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to evaluate the consistency of the data.The three-dimensional error analysis of the prosthesis model was carried out.Results:There were no significant differences in the anatomical parameters except MW of irregular bone (P>0.05) in 33 cases of SLA-3D printing model.The values of ICC were all greater than 0.950;the maximum values of absolute / relative errors were-0.58 mm and-1.37%,respectively;the maximum 3D error of prosthesis model was 0.237 mm,and the average value was 0.132 mm.Conclusion:The CT data of SLA-3D model is highly consistent with the original data,and it is accurate and reliable in the diagnosis and treatment of the diseases in orthopedics and maxillofacial surgery.

15.
China Medical Equipment ; (12): 99-102, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620718

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical value of modified endoscopic nipple resection in duodenal papillary adenoma resection Methods: 40 patients with duodenal papillary adenoma were randomly divided into observation group (20 cases) and control group (20 cases)according to the random number table. The patients of control group were treated by conventional resection of papillary adenoma, while the patients of observation group were treated by modified endoscopic nipple resection. The resection rate and the implantation of stent between the two groups were compared. Besides, the occurrence rate of complication and postoperative follow-up between the two groups also were compared. Results: The complete resection rate of observation group (95.00%) was not significant difference with that of control group (90.00%), while en bloc resection rate of observation group (85.00%) significant higher than that of control group (55.00%) (x2=4.28, P0.05). In postoperative three months, the difference of recently complication between the two groups was significant (x2=6.14, P0.05) in more than postoperative three months. After the follow-up of one year, the recurrence rate of observation group (10.34%) was no significant with that of control group (14.29%)(x2=0.17, P>0.05). Conclusion: The modified endoscopic nipple resection can enhance the en bloc resection rate, and reduce the incidence of complications and the recurrence rate. Besides, it has many dominances including higher feasibility in clinical practices. Therefore, its promotion is worthy.

16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1723-1726, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-641353

ABSTRACT

AIM:To discuss the application value of retro-mode imaging by F-10 confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscope (cSLO) for detecting drusen in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD).METHODS:This was a retrospective case study.During the period of October 2015 to December 2016, 67 patients with unilateral AMD (67 affected eyes and 67 fellow eyes) were included in this study.All patients underwent color fundus photography, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and retro-mode imaging by F-10 cSLO.The features of drusen by color fundus photography, OCT and retro-mode imaging were comparatively observed in the affected eyes of patients with unilateral AMD.Positive numbers of drusen in the fellow eyes of patients with unilateral AMD detected by color fundus photography, OCT and retro-mode imaging were calculated and compared.RESULTS:Retro-mode imaging by F-10 cSLO gave easier to identify images of drusen than color fundus photography and OCT in the affected eyes of patients with unilateral AMD.In the fellow eyes of 67 patients with unilateral AMD, retro-mode imaging showed drusen in 56 cases(84%), color funds photography showed drusen in 36 cases(54%), OCT showed drusen in 48 cases(72%), the difference was statistically significant(χ2=14.31, P0.0125).CONCLUSION:Retro-mode imaging by F-10 cSLO provides a non-invasive technique and should be useful for detecting and monitoring drusen in AMD.

17.
Journal of Jilin University(Medicine Edition) ; (6): 980-984, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504791

ABSTRACT

Objective:To perform the preoperative design and operative simulation for periprosthetic femoral fractures (PFF)in one patient with complex tumor knee replacement under assistance of three-dimensional (3D) printing technology,and to explore a more accurate and feasible way to restore the normal anatomy and function of this kind of patients.Methods:The female patient aged 32 years old diagnosed with PFF after an complex tumor knee replacement was selected.The CT images of the patient’s bilateral legs were collected and reconstructed.The bilateral femurs were virtually sliced and the important parameters at each location of both sides were recorded respectively.Novel femoral stem and nail paths were specially designed on the basis of original prosthesis according to these parameters. Then vitual assemble was made with the residual femur. The prosthetic femoral stem components and navigator were customized based on the 3D simulation results when no more errors were found.The residual femoral resin model,customized components and navigator were printed with an SLA 3D printer.The bone cement was taken out and newly designed femoral stem was implanted successfully according to the steps designed preoperatively.The preconcerted allograft bone plates were applied for patch of the bone defect.The pathological results,X-ray and functional scores were included in the observation indexes. Results: With the help of successfully preoperative computer matching,successfully printed bone model-prosthesis assemble and re-customized navigator,the operation was successfully performed.The postoperative alignment shown in the X-ray image was good.The patient was able to normally walk and squat one month after operation with a crutch.MSTS93 score was improved from 0 before operation to 14 only one month after operation.Conclusion:As for PFF of complex tumor knee joint,preoperative design and simulation with 3D printing technology may provide a more accurately and effectively operative outcome than traditional methods.

18.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 998-1000, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464241

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the training needs of basic food and drug supervision personnel to provide guidance for the future textbook compiling and training. Methods:The work, training and learning needs of basic food and drug supervision personnel were investigated using the questionnaire survey in the director of the county bureau. Results:The difference in the professional back-ground among the supervision persons and the training were significant in different areas. Conclusion: By strengthening training and textbook construction, the ability of basic food and drug supervision personnel can be enhanced and the supervision and regulation level can be improved as well.

19.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1221-1227, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279937

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the mutation characteristics of the phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) gene in children with phenylketonuria (PKU) from the Qinghai area of China, in order to provide basic information for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Mutations of the PAH gene were detected in the promoter and exons 1-13 and their flanking intronic sequences of PAH gene by PCR and DNA sequencing in 49 children with PKU and their parents from the Qinghai area of China.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 30 different mutations were detected in 80 out of 98 mutant alleles (82%), including 19 missense (63%), 5 nonsense (17%), 3 splice-site (10%) and 3 deletions (10%). Most mutations were detected in exons 3, 6, 7, 11 and intron 4 of PAH gene. The most frequent mutations were p.R243Q (19%), IVS4-1G>A (9%), p.Y356X (7%) and p.EX6-96A>G(5%). Two novel mutations p.N93fsX5 (c.279-282delCATC) and p.G171E (c.512G>A) were found. p.H64fsX9(c.190delC) was documented for the second time in Chinese PAH gene. The mutation spectrum of the gene PAH in the Qinghai population was similar to that in other populations in North China while significantly different from that in the populations from some provinces in southern China, Japan and Europe.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The mutations of PAH gene in the Qinghai area of China demonstrate a unique diversity, complexity and specificity.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , China , Mutation , Phenylalanine Hydroxylase , Genetics , Phenylketonurias , Genetics
20.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 725-731, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469067

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients after acute myocardial infarction (AMI).Methods A total of 1 371 adult patients diagnosed AMI in the First People's Hospital of Changzhou from January 2008 to December 2012 were analyzed retrospectively.AKI was defined according to the 2012 KDIGO AKI criteria.Based on the occurrence of AKI,the patients were divided into AKI group and non-AKI group.According to the AKI timing,the patients were divided into subgroups including conservative treatment groups,coronary angiography (CAG) groups and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) groups,respectively.Related risk factors of AKI were analyzed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression.Results Of the 1 371 patients,410(29.9%) developed AKI.Compared to the non-AKI group,in-hospital mortality increased significantly in the AKI group (17.1% vs 3.9%,x2=68.0,P < 0.001).Multifactor retrospective analysis showed that decreased baseline eGFR (OR=2.049,95% CI:1.246-3.370),increased fasting plasma glucose(FPG) (OR=1.070,95%CI:1.018-1.124),diuretics (OR=1.867,95%CI:1.220-2.856) and Killip class 4 status (OR=1.362,95% CI:1.059-3.170) were all independent risk factors of AKI,while increased DBP on admission was a protective factor (OR=0.986,95% CI:0.974-0.998) for the conservative management group.Decreased baseline eGFR (OR=2.371,95%CI:1.500-3.747),increased FPG(OR=1.009,95%CI:1.005-1.012),diuretics (OR=1.674,95%CI:1.042-2.690),intraoperative hypotension (OR=2.276,95% CI:1.324-3.575) and acute infection (OR=1.678,95%CI:1.023-2.754) were independent risk factors of AKI for the CAG group.Decreased baseline eGFR (OR=2.246,95%CI:1.340-3.981),increased FPG (OR=1.059,95%CI:1.018-1.124),diuretics (OR=1.723,95%CI:1.122-2.650),and low cardiac output syndrome after operation (OR=2.331,95% CI:1.277-3.286) were independent risk factors of AKI for CABG group.Conclusions AKI is a common complication and associated with increased mortality after AMI.Decreased baseline renal function,increased FPG and diuretics were common independent risk factors of AKI after AMI.

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