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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887946

ABSTRACT

Through the investigation of a large number of both domestic and overseas literatures and related quality standards, chemical compositions, quality evaluation system and quality control methods of Succus Bambusae were systematic summarized in this study. There were abundant chemical constituents in Succus Bambusae, mainly including volatile ingredients, amino acids, flavonoids, trace elements and vitamins, with high medicinal and edible value. The quality control methods involved traditional morphological identification, spectroscopy, chromatography and other techniques. However, the current quality standards of Succus Bambusae are relatively low, lacking safety indicators, and cannot effectively ensure its quality, seriously affecting the safety and effectiveness of its clinical use. Therefore, it is particularly important to establish a set of highly sensitive and specific quality evaluation system for Succus Bambusae. In this paper, the current research status of the chemical compositions and quality standards of Succus Bambusae were reviewed, with the purpose of providing a basis for further improvement of its quality evaluation system.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Flavonoids , Quality Control
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879037

ABSTRACT

Chrysanthemum is widely used as a type of edible flower and also considered as the important materials of many beverages in China. Due to the occurrence of diseases and pests, and the lack of regulations for species, frequency, dose of pesticides in Chrysanthemum, pesticides have become one of the main pollutants in Chrysanthemum. The pesticide residues in Chrysanthemum were detected frequently and worth noting. This paper focused on the types of pesticides, pesticide residue detection techniques, and risk assessment methods for Chrysanthemums on the basis of relevant literatures. The pesticide residues of traditional Chinese medicine are mainly organochlorines, organophosphorus and pyrethroids, and the detection techniques include gas chromatography(GC), liquid chromatography(LC) or both combined with mass spectrometry(MS). With the increasing use of traditional Chinese medicine, Chrysanthemum is widely circulated in the market. Therefore, it is important to understand the current situation of pesticide residues in different varieties of Chrysanthemum, so as to provide theoretical reference for the control of quality and safety of Chrysanthemum and the formulation of the maximum residue limit.


Subject(s)
China , Chromatography, Liquid , Chrysanthemum/genetics , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Pesticide Residues/analysis
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710232

ABSTRACT

AIM To determine the quality constant of Chinese medicine and to establish a method of grades evaluation of Cortex Moutan decoction pieces.METHODS Cortex Moutan decoction pieces' morphological indexes should be observed and measured,the contents of phenol and paeoniflorin were measured by HPLC.Cortex Moutan decoction pieces was graded according to the quality constant of Chinese medicine which was calculated.RESULTS Cortex Moutan decoction pieces could be divided into three grades by the quality constant of Chinese medicine,the cutoff point of the firsts was greater than or equal to 1.56;the second was greater than or equal to 1.12 but less than 1.56;while the third was less than 1.12.CONCLUSION This method combines the apparent parameters of Cortex Moutan decoction pieces with its intrinsic quality,which can devide grades of it objectively and provides a reference for its classification.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-638113

ABSTRACT

To investigate the application and effectiveness of vascular corrosion technique in preparing fetal cardiovascular cast models, 10 normal fetal heart specimens with other congenital disease (control group) and 18 specimens with severe congenital heart disease (case group) from induced abortions were enrolled in this study from March 2013 to June 2015 in our hospital. Cast models were prepared by injecting casting material into vascular lumen to demonstrate real geometries of fetal cardiovascular system. Casting effectiveness was analyzed in terms of local anatomic structures and different anatomical levels (including overall level, atrioventricular and great vascular system, left-sided and right-sided heart), as well as different trimesters of pregnancy. In our study, all specimens were successfully casted. Casting effectiveness analysis of local anatomic structures showed a mean score from 1.90±1.45 to 3.60±0.52, without significant differences between case and control groups in most local anatomic structures except left ventricle, which had a higher score in control group (P=0.027). Inter-group comparison of casting effectiveness in different anatomical levels showed no significant differences between the two groups. Intra-group comparison also revealed undifferentiated casting effectiveness between atrioventricular and great vascular system, or left-sided and right-sided heart in corresponding group. Third-trimester group had a significantly higher perfusion score in great vascular system than second-trimester group (P=0.046), while the other anatomical levels displayed no such difference. Vascular corrosion technique can be successfully used in fabrication of fetal cardiovascular cast model. It is also a reliable method to demonstrate three-dimensional anatomy of severe congenital heart disease and normal heart in fetus.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-853299

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify and analyze the components of Moutan Cortex from different origins by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS technology. Methods: UPLC-Q-TOF-MS technology combined with chemical composition database was used to identify and analyze the components of Moutan Cortex. The results were analyzed and verified by multivariate statistical analysis and the biomarkers were identified. Results: The 37 components were identified in Moutan Cortex, the major components were galloyl glucoses, benzoic acids, paeonols, peoniflorins, and flavonoids. There were certain differences in the composition and content of Moutan Cortex from different origins. The medicinal materials from different origins were clustered into different groups respectively by principal component analysis (PCA). Five biomarkers were collected by partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) model and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA). Conclusion: The experimental results provide a theoretical basis for understanding chemical material basis and quality evaluation of Moutan Cortex, also provide the basis for the development of Chinese medicinal materials specifications and grades.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-285276

ABSTRACT

To investigate the application and effectiveness of vascular corrosion technique in preparing fetal cardiovascular cast models, 10 normal fetal heart specimens with other congenital disease (control group) and 18 specimens with severe congenital heart disease (case group) from induced abortions were enrolled in this study from March 2013 to June 2015 in our hospital. Cast models were prepared by injecting casting material into vascular lumen to demonstrate real geometries of fetal cardiovascular system. Casting effectiveness was analyzed in terms of local anatomic structures and different anatomical levels (including overall level, atrioventricular and great vascular system, left-sided and right-sided heart), as well as different trimesters of pregnancy. In our study, all specimens were successfully casted. Casting effectiveness analysis of local anatomic structures showed a mean score from 1.90±1.45 to 3.60±0.52, without significant differences between case and control groups in most local anatomic structures except left ventricle, which had a higher score in control group (P=0.027). Inter-group comparison of casting effectiveness in different anatomical levels showed no significant differences between the two groups. Intra-group comparison also revealed undifferentiated casting effectiveness between atrioventricular and great vascular system, or left-sided and right-sided heart in corresponding group. Third-trimester group had a significantly higher perfusion score in great vascular system than second-trimester group (P=0.046), while the other anatomical levels displayed no such difference. Vascular corrosion technique can be successfully used in fabrication of fetal cardiovascular cast model. It is also a reliable method to demonstrate three-dimensional anatomy of severe congenital heart disease and normal heart in fetus.


Subject(s)
Corrosion Casting , Methods , Fetal Heart , Pathology , Heart Defects, Congenital , Pathology , Humans , Models, Anatomic
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-325799

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the feasibility of reconstruction of rabbit urethra using urethral extracellular matrix.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Extracellular matrix was obtained from the urethra of 20 donor New Zealand rabbits. In experimental group, 20 rabbits underwent segmental urethral resection (about 1.0 to 1.5 cm in length) and the defects were replaced by a tube of extracellular matrix. The serum TNFalpha was detected by ELISA to assess the immunity response preoperatively and 12, 24, 48 h postoperatively. The regenerated urethral segments were taken for histologic and pathologic study 10 days, 3 weeks, 6 weeks and 24 weeks after operation. The urodynamics, urethroscopy and urethrography were also performed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The serum TNFalpha in experiment group slightly rised, with no significant difference when compared with that in control group. 10 days after operation, epithelial cell migrated into the extracellular matrix from two ends, and small vessels were also found. 3 weeks later, several layers of urothelium covered the whole surface of the matrix tube. 6 weeks later, the irregularly arranged smooth muscle fibers were fist observed by Van Gieson staining. 24 weeks after operation, the smooth muscle cells increased, the appearance of the regenerated urethra segments were very similar to normal urethral wall components. The urethrography and urodynamic evaluation revealed no difference between the normal and the regenerated urethral tube.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The urethral extracellular matrix might be an ideal replacement material for urethral defect.</p>


Subject(s)
Absorbable Implants , Animals , Biocompatible Materials , Extracellular Matrix , Transplantation , Male , Rabbits , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Methods , Regeneration , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism , Urethra , General Surgery
8.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 274-278, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239836

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the curative effect and histocompatibility of reconstruction of traumatic urethral defect of rabbit using urethral extracellular matrix (ECM).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Urethral ECM was obtained by excision of the urethra in 20 donor rabbits. In experimental group, 20 rabbits were resected a 1.0 cm-1.5 cm segment of the urethra and artificially made a model of traumatic urethral defect, then reconstructed by the urethral extracellular matrix of the same length. The rabbit immunity response was assessed by lymphocyte transformation test and serum TNF-alpha level. The reconstructed urethral segments were stained with hematoxylin-eosin and Van Gieson stain and observed by histological examination postoperatively. The urethrography, urethroscopy and urodynamic examinations were performed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was no significant difference in stimulative index of lymphocyte transformation between ECM group and control group. The serum TNF-alpha levels of ECM group slightly rose, but the increase was not significant as compared with control group. On postoperative day 10, epithelial cell had migrated from each side and small vessels were found in the extracellular matrix. In the 3rd week, several layers of urothelium covered the whole surface of the matrix tube. In the 6th week, the disorganized arrangements of smooth muscle fibers were firstly observed by Van Gieson staining. In the 24th week, the smooth muscle cells increased and the matrix tube appeared fairly similar to normal urethral wall components. The urethroscopy and urodynamic evaluation revealed that the surface of reconstructed urethra was smooth and emiction was unobstructed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The urethral extracellular matrix might be an ideal and safe biomaterial for the reconstruction of urethral traumatic defect.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Extracellular Matrix , Allergy and Immunology , Physiology , Female , Immunohistochemistry , Lymphocyte Activation , Rabbits , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Methods , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Blood , Urethra , Allergy and Immunology , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1786-1790, 2004.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257359

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Urethral reconstruction for both congenital and acquired etiologies remains a challenge for most urologic surgeons. Tissue engineering has been proposed as a strategy for urethral reconstruction. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a naturally derived extracellular matrix substitute developed for urethral reconstruction would be suitable for urethral repair in an animal model.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A urethral segmental defect was created in 20 male rabbits. The urethral extracellular matrix, obtained and processed from rabbit urethral tissue, was trimmed and transplanted to repair the urethral defect. Then, the regenerated segment was studied histologically by haematoxylin-eosin staining and Van Gieson staining at 10 days, 3 weeks, 6 weeks, and 24 weeks postoperation. Retrograde urethrography was used to evaluate the function of the regenerated urethras of 4 rabbits 10 and 24 weeks after the operation. The urodynamics of 4 rabbits from the experimental group and control group I were assessed and compared. In addition, 4 experimental group rabbits were examined by a urethroscope 24 weeks after the operation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At 10 days after operation, epithelial cells had migrated from each side, and small vessels were observed in the extracellular matrix. The matrix and adjacent areas of the host tissue were infiltrated with inflammatory cells. The epithelium covered the extracellular matrix fully at 3 weeks postoperation. Well-formed smooth-muscle cells were first confirmed after 6 weeks, at which point the inflammatory cells had disappeared. At 24 weeks postoperation, the regenerated tissue was equivalent to the normal urethra. Urethrography and urodynamic evaluations showed that there was no difference between normal tissue and regenerated tissue.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Urethral extracellular matrix appears to be a useful material for urethral repair in rabbits. The matrix can be processed easily and has good characteristics for tissue handling and urethral function.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Extracellular Matrix , Metabolism , Rabbits , Tissue Engineering , Methods , Urethra , Pathology , General Surgery
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-675967

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the long-term follow-up results of patients treated with radical nephrectomy for small renal carcinoma.Methods Between January 1992 and June 2004,a total of 56 pa- tients(41 men and 15 women;mean age,54 years;age range,19-71 years)underwent radical nephrectomy for small renal carcinoma.The clinical data and long-term follow-up results of the 56 cases were analyzed ret- rospectively.All the patients were followed by questionnaire;and the 5-and 10-year survival rates were calcu- lated by Kaplan-Meier method.Results None of the patients was found to have metastasis preoperatively. Postoperative pathology showed renal clear cell carcinoma in 44 cases,granular cell carcinoma in 7,and mixed cell carcinoma in 5.Among these cases,ipsilateral adrenal metastasis was found in 1 case,local lymph- aden metastasis in 2,and perirenal fat metastasis in 4.Postoperatively,49 of the 56 patients(87.5%)were followed for 11-155 months with a mean of 71 months.The 5-and 10-year survival rates were 81.7% and 66.9%,respectively.Five patients died of metastasis from renal carcinoma.Conclusions Radical ne- phrectomy for small renal carcinoma has favorable long-term effects,therefore it is an optimal surgical proce- dure for small renal carcinoma.

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