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Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 66-70, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941236


Objective: To explore the feasibility of the single-stage stent implantation following rotational atherectomy combined with transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in treating patients with severe aortic stenosis(AS) and severe calcified coronary artery stenosis. Methods: Three patients who received single-stage stent implantation following rotational atherectomy combined with TAVR in Fuwai hospital from April to October 2019 were included in this retrospective analysis. Clinical and anatomical features (including echocardiography and aortic CT) of the patients were collected, efficacy and safety of this operation strategy were observed and 6 months follow up results were summarized. Results: Three patients (2 females, 66-80 years old) were included. The mean Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) risk score was 7.8%. The mean maximum velocity of aortic valve was 4.4 m/s, the mean transvalvular pressure gradient was 53.2 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), mean left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was 48.6%. All three patients had severe calcified coronary artery stenosis: left anterior descending artery (LAD, n=2) and left main coronary artery (LM, n=1), requiring rotary grinding. The mean SYNTAX score was 20. All the procedures were performed through transfemoral access. After aortic valve crossing, all coronary lesions were successfully treated with stent implantation following rotational atherectomy, transfemoral TAVR was then immediately performed with a self-expandable Venus-A valve. One patient underwent"valve-in-valve"implantation due to the high-implantation position of the first valve. The procedures were completed without complications in all the three patients. The immediate effect was satisfactory. Echocardiography results showed that the mean maximum velocity of aortic valve was 2.1 m/s, mean gradient was 9.3 mmHg, and mean LVEF was 59% after the procedure. There was no death and revascularization during the 6 months follow-up. Conclusion: In patients with severe calcified coronary artery and severe AS with high risk of cardiac surgery, the single-stage stent implantation following rotational atherectomy combined with TAVR is feasible and results are satisfactory in this patient cohort.

Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 529-534, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703890


Objectives:The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of the Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) and Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) risk scores for in-hospital mortality in Chinese ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. Methods:Present data are obtained from the prospective, multicenter Chinese AMI (CAMI) registry, 107 hospitals from 31 provinces, municipalities or autonomous districts in China took part in this study. From January 2013 to September 2014, 17886 consecutive ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients admitted to these 107 hospitals were enrolled. For each patient, TIMI and GRACE risk scores were calculated using specific variables collected at admission. Their prognostic value on the primary endpoint (in-hospital mortality) was evaluated. Results:Mean age of this patient cohort was (61.9±12.4)years, 76.5% (n=13685) patients were males. The in-hospital mortality was 6.4%(n=1 153)and the median length of hospital stay was 10.0 days. The incidence of cardiac arrest at admission were 4.3% (n=764). Coronary reperfusion therapy including fibrinolytic therapy(n=1782), primary percutaneous coronary intervention (n=7763) and emergent coronary artery bypass grafting (n=10) were applied to 9555 (53.4%) patients and the median of time to reperfusion was 300.0 minutes. The predictive accuracy of TIMI and GRACE for in-hospital mortality was similar:TIMI risk score (AUC) [area under the curve:0.7956; 95% confidence interval (95%CI:0.7822~0.8090)] and GRACE risk score (AUC:0.8096; 95%CI:0.7963~0.8230). Conclusions:The TIMI and GRACE risk score demonstrate similar predictive accuracy for in-hospital mortality and there are some disadvantages in risk stratification by these two risk scores for Chinese STEMI patients.

Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 65-68, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703817


Objective: To analyze the clinical features for heart failure (HF) in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients presented as restrictive cardiomyopathy. Methods: We retrospectively studied 32 hypertrophic cardiomyopathy combining HF patients with NYHA grade III-IV presented as restrictive cardiomyopathy and summarized their clinical features with the outcomes of in-hospital management. Results: Echocardiography found restrictive cardiomyopathy changes in all 32 severe hypertrophic cardiomyopathy combining HF patients as both atriums were enlarged and the size of left ventricle was normal; 84.4% patients with normal LVEF (>50%) and 15.6% with LVEF<50%; 37.5% patients with enlarged right ventricle. HF history was from 10 days to 35 years at the mean of 8.3 years. 75% patients appeared whole heart failure, the main symptoms were dyspnea, edema, some patients had syncope and angina. There were 8 patients with respiratory failure, 2 with cardiac shock, 13 with medium to large amount of pleural effusion and ascites; 90% patients combining paroxysmal or persistentatrial fibrillation (AF), 8 patients received pacemaker implantation due to slow tachycardia. The in-hospital ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation occurred in 3 patients, 2 of them were successfully rescued by electrical cardio-version and received implantable cardioverter defibrillator(ICD), 1 died for failed cardio-pulmonary resuscitation; 6 patients had heart transplantation.Conclusion: Severe hypertrophic cardiomyopathy combining HF patients presented as restrictive cardiomyopathy were usually at the late stage in critical condition with various complications even they could have normal size of left ventricle and LVEF, some patients may need heart transplantation.