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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707030

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the uptake mechanism of HepG2.2.15 cells to the nanoparticles co-loaded with syringopicroside and hydroxytyrosol (SH-NPs). Methods The nanoparticles were prepared by using a nanoprecipitation method with mPEG-PLGA as nano-carrier co-loaded with syringopicroside and hydroxytyrosol. The uptake mechanism of HepG2.2.15 cells to SH-NPs was studied by fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry using fluoresceineisothiocyanate (FITC) as a fluorescent marker. Results With colchicine as the inhibitor, the incubation time ranged from 0.5 to 24 h, the percentage of positive cells increased from 1.9% to 56.4%; When the drug concentration was 125, 250 μg/mL and 500 μg/mL, the positive cell percentages were 4.9%, 3.4% and 3.9%. With chloroquine as the inhibitor; the incubation time ranged from 0.5 to 24 h, the percentage of positive cells increased from 7.4% to 55.4%; When the drug concentration was 125, 250 and 500 μg/mL, the percentage of positive cells was 19.5%, 22.5% and 27.6%. Conclusion Colchicine and chloroquine have an inhibitory effect on HepG2.2.15 cells uptake, and the uptake of SH-NPs in HepG2.2.15 cells was positively correlated with drug concentration and incubation time. It can be concluded that the uptake mechanism of HepG2.2.15 cells to SH-NPs was nonspecific adsorption endocytosis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321392

ABSTRACT

To make a preliminary study on the mechanism of Coptidis Rhizoma(CR) and Rehmanniae Radix(RR) before and after the combined administration in treating type II diabetes mellitus. The type I diabetes animal model in rats was established by fat emulsion and intraperitoneal injection with streptozotocin, in order to compare the hpyerglycemic and hypolipidemic effects of CR, RR and their combined administration of different ratio. The urinary metabolic profiling in rats of Coptidis Rhizoma and Rehmanniae Radix before and after the combined administration was analyzed by using the gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The differences among groups in metabolome were analyzed by the principal component analysis (PCA). The biochemical index results indicated that both CR and RR before and after the combined administration could lower high blood glucose, hypertriglyceride and high cholesterol. According to the analytical results of PCA of the rats' urine samples, the CR group was the most close to the normal group, with no significant difference in CR and RR group of different combination ratios. Twelve differentiated metabolites were identified to be related to type II diabetes. Compared with the normal group, the CR-treated group showed significant increase in seven differentiated metabolites. Among CR and RR drugs with different combination ratios, CR played a major role and thus acted as the monarch drug. Whereas RR served as the ministerial drug and assisted CR to show the efficacy. This study laid a foundation for the explanation of the combination mechanism of traditional Chinese medicines.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Glucose , Metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Blood , Drug Therapy , Urine , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Male , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Rehmannia , Chemistry
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237278

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the value of fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) for detecting common chromosome aneuploidies in interphase nuclei of amniotic fluid cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighty two uncultured amniotic fluid samples and supernatants from 2 successfully and 5 unsuccessfully cultured amniotic fluid samples were analyzed with FISH. Results from standard cytogenetic analysis of 79 uncultured amniotic fluid samples and 2 successfully cultured amniotic fluid samples were compared with FISH results.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All of the 89 samples were succeeded analyzed with FISH. Positive findings included 3 cases with trisomy 21, 1 case with 47, XYY and 1 case with 69, XXX, which were consistent with results of karyotype analysis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>FISH is a rapid and accurate method for prenatal diagnosis, and can also provide a remedy to failed amniotic fluid cells culture.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Amniotic Fluid , Cell Biology , Cell Culture Techniques , Female , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Methods , Karyotyping , Pregnancy
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