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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879897

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy of sepsis risk calculator (SRC) in guiding antibiotic use in neonates with suspected early-onset sepsis (EOS).@*METHODS@#A total of 284 neonates with a gestational age of ≥ 35 weeks were enrolled as the control group, who were hospitalized in the Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from March to July, 2019 and were suspected of EOS. Their clinical data were retrospectively collected and the use of antibiotics was analyzed based on SRC. A total of 170 neonates with a gestational age of ≥ 35 weeks were enrolled as the study group, who were admitted to the hospital from July to November, 2020 and were suspected of EOS. SRC was used prospectively for risk scoring to assist the decision making of clinical antibiotic management. The two groups were compared in terms of the rate of use of antibiotics, blood culture test rate, clinical outcome, and adherence to the use of SRC.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the study group had a significantly higher SRC score at birth and on admission (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The use of SRC reduces the rate of empirical use of antibiotics in neonates with suspected EOS and does not increase the risk of adverse outcomes, and therefore, it holds promise for clinical application.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Child , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Neonatal Sepsis/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Sepsis/drug therapy
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781702

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of C-reactive protein (CRP)-guided antibiotic treatment strategy for neonates with suspected early-onset sepsis (EOS).@*METHODS@#A total of 428 neonates, with a gestational age of >35 weeks, who were admitted to the Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from February to July, 2019 and were suspected of EOS were enrolled as the observation group. The effect of antibiotic treatment was prospectively observed, and if clinical symptoms were improved and CRP was 35 weeks) who were admitted to this hospital from February to July, 2018 and were suspected of EOS were enrolled as the control group, and the use of antibiotics was analyzed retrospectively. The two groups were compared in terms of duration of antibiotic treatment, length of hospital stay, incidence rate of repeated infection and clinical outcome.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the observation group had significantly shorter duration of antibiotic treatment and length of hospital stay (P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#For neonates with a gestational age of >35 weeks and a suspected diagnosis of EOS, CRP-guided antibiotic treatment strategy can shorten duration of antibiotic treatment and length of hospital stay and does not increase the incidence rate of repeated infection. Therefore, it holds promise for clinical application.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Therapeutic Uses , C-Reactive Protein , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Retrospective Studies , Sepsis , Drug Therapy
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-640040

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clonal rearrangement of T cell receptor (TCR) ? gene which was of monoclonality,oligoclona-lity or clonal evolution /subclonality during the course of disease in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and its significance.Methods Between Sep. 2004 and Sep. 2007,70 patients with ALL were diagnosed in Department of Pediatrics of the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University,among which 51 cases were boys and 19 cases were girls.Their ages ranged from 2 years to 14 years (average age was 8.5 years).DNA samples were extracted from bone marrow cells or venous blood cells by phenol/phenol-isoamyl alcohol-chloroform/isoamyl alcohol law.DNA was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR).Single strand conformation polymorphism analysis (SSCP) of silver stained technique was employed to detect PCR products.Results The amplification products of 23 cases of the 70 ALL patients were positive,in which 10 cases still had positive results in period of complete remission and had poor sensitivity to chemotherapeutic drugs,4 cases were of oligoclonality/ subclonality,and 2 cases were of clonal evolution with poor prognosis.Conclusions Detecting TCR ? gene rearrangement reflects clonal evolution of leukemia cells.The oligoclonality clonal evolution continues to exist,whose multiplication is the main reason of recurrent ALL.Detecting TCR? gene rearrangement,evaluating ALL of the patient's prognosis,the judgment of recurrence and the development of individualized treatment programs have great guiding significance,which can maximize the possibility of the sick children to make long-term disease-free survival and reduce the side effects of chemotherapy on the long-term basis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-685322

ABSTRACT

To establish a cell model in vitro that stable expressing HBV by integrating HBA1.3 DNA into cell chromosome. The HBV1.3 full-length DNA was obtained by digested pGEM-HBV1.3 plasmid with HindIII and then was linked with PU-21 vector digested by HindIII. This was resulted in generation of a recombined plasmid named PU21-HBV plasmid. The recombined plasmid was introduced into HepG2 cells by electroporation. The transfected cells were screened with G418. The insertion and expression of HBV were identified by X-gal staining, RT-PCR and Southern blot. The result of PU21-HBV plasmid sequence demonstrated that HBV1.3 DNA was linked correctly with PU-21 vector. A series of positive cell colonies were obtained with G418 screening followed transfecting PU21-HBV plasmid into HepG2 cells. The results of Southern blot and RT-PCR exhibit that HBV1.3 DNA had successfully integrated into the chromosomes of HepG2 cells and had functional HBV gene transcription. HBV1.3 DNA was inserted into HepG2 genome and could stable transcript HBV RNA. The stable HBV expression cell line was constructed successfully. There are LoxP sites in the trapping vector PU21. With the Cre enzyme, interesting genes could be excganged into the LoxP sites. Therefore, double stable expression of interesting gene and HBV cell lines could be generated. The cell lines will be useful for further research some target gene function on replication of HBV.

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