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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906226

ABSTRACT

Astragalus membranaceus has the effect of tonifying Qi and solid surface, diuretic support poison, discharging pus and astringent sores to produce muscle. It is not only used for syndromes such as deficiency of lung and temper, deficiency of spleen and diarrhea, but also for stroke, chest obstruction and other diseases. Due to the complex chemical composition and diverse pharmacological effect of Astragalus membranaceus, and the main role in invigorating qi and activating blood circulation has not been clarified. Astragaloside Ⅳ is one of its main active ingredients. In recent years, more and more studies on Astragaloside Ⅳ have been conducted at home and abroad. It has been reported that it has the medicinal value of enhancing immune function, strengthening heart and lowerin blood glucose, diuresis, anti-aging and anti-fatigue, et al, and has extensive pharmacological activity. Among them, the role of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases in particular has attracted increasing attention. Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases are ischemic or hemorrhagic diseases occurring in the heart, brain and systemic tissues due to blood viscosity, atherosclerosis, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, etc., including cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Such diseases are a serious threat to mankind and are the leading cause of death worldwide. At present, western medicine is the main treatment, with many adverse reactions and poor long-term prognosis. TCM believes that the imbalance of qi and blood is the basic pathogenesis of this kind of disease. Qi deficiency and blood stasis are more common.At present, Astragaloside Ⅳ in the treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases in a number of studies, and achieved some results, but this review in recent years, Astragaloside Ⅳ in the treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases play the pharmacological activity, in order to explore whether Astragaloside Ⅳ is the main role of astragalus qi to find a theoretical basis for material basis, but also for the innovation of traditional Chinese medicine drug research and development of theoretical basis and practical guidance.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888678

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To obtain the subtypes of the clinical hypertension population based on symptoms and to explore the relationship between hypertension and comorbidities.@*METHODS@#The data set was collected from the Chinese medicine (CM) electronic medical records of 33,458 hypertension inpatients in the Affiliated Hospital of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine between July 2014 and May 2017. Then, a hypertension disease comorbidity network (HDCN) was built to investigate the complicated associations between hypertension and their comorbidities. Moreover, a hypertension patient similarity network (HPSN) was constructed with patients' shared symptoms, and 7 main hypertension patient subgroups were identified from HPSN with a community detection method to exhibit the characteristics of clinical phenotypes and molecular mechanisms. In addition, the significant symptoms, diseases, CM syndromes and pathways of each main patient subgroup were obtained by enrichment analysis.@*RESULTS@#The significant symptoms and diseases of these patient subgroups were associated with different damaged target organs of hypertension. Additionally, the specific phenotypic features (symptoms, diseases, and CM syndromes) were consistent with specific molecular features (pathways) in the same patient subgroup.@*CONCLUSION@#The utility and comprehensiveness of disease classification based on community detection of patient networks using shared CM symptom phenotypes showed the importance of hypertension patient subgroups.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887963

ABSTRACT

In this study, patients with prehypertensive liver-fire hyperactivity syndrome(LFHS) were selected as the research objects. The plasma samples of healthy volunteers and patients with prehypertensive LFHS were analyzed by non-targeted metabolomics based on UPLC-Q-Exactive MS. The differential biomarkers and metabolic pathways were screened out by multivariate statistics and metabolic pathway analysis, which revealed the characteristics of metabolic patterns of the syndrome. Thirty-three potential biomarkers such as androsterone and lysophosphatidylcholine and 16 related metabolic pathways such as steroid hormone metabolism and lipid metabolism were identified, and a partial least squares-discriminant analysis(PLS-DA) model of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) syndromes was preliminarily constructed: Y =-0.070X_(13)-0.006X_8+ 0.040X_5-0.152X_1+0.131X_(10)+0.036X_(11)+0.043X_(23)+0.076X_(16)+0.132X_(20)+0.081X_(19)-0.101X_(31)+0.082X_(15)-0.038X_9+0.079X_(24). The predictive value of the model was 88.1%, and the explanatory power was 88.4%. In this study, the characteristic metabolic pattern of the prehypertensive LFHS was distinguished and revealed by metabolomics. The constructed PLS-DA model is expected to provide an objective basis for the identification of TCM syndromes in prehypertension, and inspiration for exploring the biological basis of TCM syndromes at small-molecular and overall levels.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Humans , Liver , Metabolomics , Syndrome , Technology
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906042

ABSTRACT

Cells in the arterial wall are constantly subjected to the shear stress generated by the blood flow. Shear stress plays a pivotal role in the formation of atherosclerosis. The endothelial cells located between the blood and the vessel wall have a unique response to the shear stress of the blood flow, which can convert mechanical stimulation into intracellular signals, thereby affecting the pathological process of atherosclerosis. Endothelial function is not only regulated by hormones, growth factors and other biochemical substances, but also affected by mechanical forces such as blood flow shear stress. Physiologically, shear stress can play an anti-atherosclerotic role in maintaining the homeostasis of endothelial cells. Pathological shear stress will lead to endothelial dysfunction and promote the progression of atherosclerosis. Under the mediation of different shear stress, the endothelial function can be regulated through epigenetic pathways or mechanically sensitive cation channels. Therefore, it is necessary to understand how various signal transduction pathways are affected by pathological shear stress, so as to cause endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis. Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has been increasingly recognized for its curative effect in treating atherosclerosis, with the advantages of few side effects, multiple targets and multiple mechanisms. In recent years, the understanding of the anti-atherosclerosis mechanism of TCM mediated by shear stress has gradually deepened. This review will take endothelial function as the breakthrough point, systematically sort out the influence of shear stress on the pathological process of atherosclerosis and the related molecular mechanisms. Meanwhile, it is the first time to summarize the latest research progress of Chinese medicine against shear stress damage by sorting out the existing literature. This article mainly clarify the relationship between shear stress, endothelial function, atherosclerosis and TCM, in order to provide a theoretical basis for the clinical treatment and pathological mechanism of atherosclerosis.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773978

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of Pinggan Prescription (, PGP) on hypertension by the associated methods of metabonomic and pharmacodynamic.@*METHODS@#A total of 32 male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) were randomly divided into two groups by using the random number table method: a treatment group (n=18) and a model group (n=14). The Wistar rats (n=14) were used as the normal group. Different prescription were used to intervene three groups: the treatment group in which PGP extract was administered orally at a dose of 18.336 g/kg (PGP/body weight), and the model group in which physiological saline was administered at the equivalent dose. The same treatment was applied to the normal group as the model group. The blood pressure was measured by tail-cuff method, and pharmacodynamic indexes including cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and angiotensin II (Ang II) were tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The plasma samples from three groups were detected by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS).@*RESULTS@#Compared with the model group, blood pressure of treatment group was obviously reduced after continuous curing with PGP (P<0.01). The pharmacodynamic results illustrated that the content of Ang II increased with the raised blood pressure and the cAMP expressed the converse trend. After curing with PGP, the content of Ang II decreased, the difference between model group and treatment group was significant (P<0.01), and the cAMP expressed the converse trend. Five potential biomarkers were identified, including arachidonic acid, hexadecanoic acid, elaidic acid, octadecanedioic acid and 9,12-octadecadienoic acid. These metabolites had shown significantly changes as followed: arachidonic acid, hexadecanoic acid and elaidic acid were significantly higher and octadecanedioic acid and 9,12-octadecadienoic acid were lowered in the model group than those in the normal group. After the treatment of PGP, the metabolites had the trends of returning to normal along with the reduced blood pressure.@*CONCLUSIONS@#PGP intervention for hypertension played a major role in the metabolism of arachidonic acid and linoleic acid. Metabonomic with pharmacodynamic methods could be potentially powerful tools to investigate the mechanism of Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomarkers , Blood , Discriminant Analysis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Hypertension , Blood , Drug Therapy , Least-Squares Analysis , Male , Metabolic Networks and Pathways , Metabolomics , Models, Biological , Principal Component Analysis , Rats, Inbred SHR , Rats, Wistar
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801883

ABSTRACT

Syndrome is the basis and essence of the treatment according to syndrome differentiation theory in traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), which comprehensively summarizes the overall reaction state of the organism under the influence of internal and external factors, and has subjective and qualitative characteristics. But the test indexes of modern medicine for diagnosing diseases have the objective and quantitative characteristics. The subjective and qualitative TCM syndromes can be quantitatively treated and combined with the objective and quantitative modern test indexes, this method provides a new idea for the modernization of syndrome differentiation system of TCM. In this paper, the prehypertension with syndrome of upper hyperactivity of liver Yang was taken as an example, a syndrome discriminant model was set up by using the technique of scale and metabonomics, and the feasibility of establishing macro-micro syndrome differentiation system of TCM was also discussed. This paper has important guiding significance for realizing the objectification of diagnosis of TCM syndrome and the standardization of the treatment according to syndrome differentiation theory of TCM.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1636-1644, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780255

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the lipidomics was used to analyze the changes to address how Uncaria interrupts lipid metabolism in the liver of spontaneously hypertensive rats, and to explore the mechanism of action of Uncaria. All the experiments were approved by the animal protection and use committee of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. UHPLC-Q Extractive orbitrap high-resolution mass spectrometry was used to collect lipid metabolite information of the rat livers. Through pattern recognition, matters with noticeable differences were recognized. Mass spectrum and data base searching helped to identify the potential biomarkers. Pattern recognition results indicated that the rats from control versus SHR group showed clear differences. Compared with the rats from the control group, there are decreases in sphosphatidylcholine, phosphatidic acid, diacylglycerol and sphingomyelin in rats from the SHR group, however lysophosphatidylcholine, triglyceride, linoleic acid, arachidonic acid and ceramide are increased. Uncaria could regulate the disorder of lipid metabolism by interfering with glycerophospholipid, sphingolipid, linoleic acid, and arachidonic acid metabolic pathways. This study provided the mechanistic understanding of the impact of Uncaria on lipid metabolism and revealed the lipid metabolism pathways affected to offer the explanation for the complex mechanism of action.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237892

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To realize quadratic formula optimization of Renshen Jianxin Capsule (RJC) by screening Chinese herbs with major anti-myocardial ischemia effect in RJC and optimize their optimal dosages.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>By following "uniform design-pharmacodynamic experiment-mathematical modeling-formula optimization", authors employed U10(10(8)) uniform design in the experiment. Eight Chinese herbs contained in RJC were taken as observatory factors. Electrocardiograph (ECG) changes of myocardial ischemia induced by isoproterenol were taken as pharmacodynamic indices. The mathematical model between herbal factors and pharmacodynamic indices was established using stepwise regression analysis to screen Chinese herbs with major anti-myocardial ischemia effect. Their optimal dosages were optimized using the grid algorithm.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The regression equation was y =1. 7889 -0. 3247 Ginseng xSalvia Miltiorrhiza -0. 0663 Astragalus membranaceus xOriental Waterplantain tuber. Forecasting factors included were Ginseng, Salvia Miltiorrhiza, Astragalus membranaceus, and Oriental Waterplantain tuber. The optimal formula dosage calculated by the grid algorithm was Ginseng 1. 62 g, Astragalus membranaceus 4. 62 g, Salvia Miltiorrhiza 2. 43 g, and Oriental Waterplantain tuber 1. 66 g.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Uniform design combined with stepwise regression analysis and grid algorithm were able to realize quadratic formula optimization of RJC.</p>


Subject(s)
Astragalus propinquus , Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Reference Standards , Coronary Artery Disease , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Electrocardiography , Humans , Isoproterenol , Myocardial Ischemia , Drug Therapy , Panax , Salvia miltiorrhiza
9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 875-881, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257053

ABSTRACT

High performance liquid chromatography-time-off-flight mass spectrometer (HPLC-TOFMS) technology coupled with partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) processed by SIMCA-P software was applied to investigate serum endogenous metabolites alternations of valsartan in spontaneous hypertension rats (SHR). And MetPA platform was used to connect identified potential biomarkers in corresponding metabolic pathways to find possible therapeutic mechanism of valsartan. Valsartan significantly declined the blood pressure of SHRs (P < 0.05) at fourth week. The metabolic profiling significantly changed and four metabolites involved in G protein-coupled pathway were identified. Metabolomics is able to detect holistic and microcosmic alternations in organism, so as to elucidate therapeutic mechanism of drugs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomarkers , Blood , Blood Pressure , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Discriminant Analysis , Least-Squares Analysis , Mass Spectrometry , Metabolome , Metabolomics , Rats , Rats, Inbred SHR , Valsartan , Pharmacology
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319641

ABSTRACT

Thirty SHRs were obtained randomly to hypertension, model group, captopril group and Qingre jiangya capsule group. Ten Wistar rats were used as control group. The hippocampus tissue was removed to explore the damage of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and the protective effect of Qingre jiangya capsule after continuously administered for 14 days. And then the data were processed by principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA). The research results revealed captopril group was significantly different from the other three groups. The classification of other three groups is also very clear after captopril group removed. This suggested that Qingre jiangya capsule could improve the overall metabolism compared with captopril. Four metabolites were identified: dimethylglycine, glycerophosphocholine, aldosterone and noradrenaline. Hypertension hippocampus damage may mainly be expressed in tyrosine metabolism, aldosterone-regulated sodium, vascular smooth muscle contraction reabsorption, and Qingre jiangya capsule could reverse the hippocampus tissue damage of SHR.


Subject(s)
Animals , Capsules , Pharmacology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Hippocampus , Hypertension , Drug Therapy , Male , Rats , Rats, Inbred SHR , Rats, Wistar
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-252516

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the changes of urine metabolites in hypertension patients of ascendant hyperactivity of Gan yang syndrome (AHGYS), and to explore its essence in hypertension patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ten typical hypertension patients of AHGYS were recruited as the patient group, and the other twelve healthy volunteers were recruited as the normal group. The metabolite profiling in the urine were collected using by high performance liquid chromatography coupled with time of flight mass spectrometry (HPLC-TOFMS). The principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least-square discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) were analyzed using SIMCA-P Software. The differential metabolites in the urine were found out and identified. The possible relevant metabolic pathways were explained.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The data from the analysis by PCA in the urine samples of the patient group and the normal group showed, two sets of data could be obviously classified in the score plot. Compared with the normal group, significant changes happened to the body metabolism in the patient group. The metabolites relevant to hypertension patients of AHGYS were determined using the PLS-DA. Fifteen compounds of the structure and metabolic pathways had been confirmed through inquiring KEGG Database, mainly including amino acids, free fatty acids, sphingosine, and so on.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The hypertension patients of AHGYS were studied using HPLC-TOFMS combined with pattern recognition, thus finding out small molecular metabolic markers from the microscopic field, which was advantageous in probing the biological nature of Chinese medicine syndromes.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Case-Control Studies , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Discriminant Analysis , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Diagnosis , Urine , Least-Squares Analysis , Male , Mass Spectrometry , Methods , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Metabolome , Middle Aged , Principal Component Analysis
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