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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912485


Genealogy and cytogenetics examinations were performed on an infertility patient and her family members in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical University on 2016. The unique karyotype of proband: 46, XX, inv(9)(p12q13)dn, inv(20)(p13q13.1), 1qh+mat/46, XX, inv(20)(p13q13.1), 1qh+mat, No.4516, was discovered. The proband suffered from infertility and polycystic ovary syndrome. The proband′s second sister, with a karyotype of 46, XX, inv(20)(p13q13.1)mat, also suffered from polycystic ovary syndrome. The karyotype of the proband′s mother was 46, XX, inv(20)(p13q13.1), 1qh. The karyotype of the proband′s father was 46, XY, ?inv(9)(q32q34), inv(20)(p13p11.2). Inversion of chromosome 20 occurred in two generations of this family. Both the proband and her second old sister inherited the mother′s karyotype rather than the karyotype of their father. The abnormal karyotype may interfere with pregnancy, which leads to infertility. The size of the chromosomes and segments involved in inversion should be considered comprehensively in genetic counselling to provide more accurate genetic counselling information for the carriers, and a solid diagnostic basis for clinicians.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418452


Objective To study the changes of negative symptoms in PCP-induced schizophrenia rat model.Methods Thirty newborn female SD rats randomly divided into control group,PCP-week 6 group and PCP-week 10 group( n=10 in each group).Perinatal rat treated with PCP ( 10 mg/kg) on postnatal days 7,9 and 11(10 mg/kg,ip),and sucorse intalce test(SIT),forced swimming test(FST) and resident-intruder test(RIT) were used to test the emotional and negative symptoms.Results In the SIT,there was no difference between control and PCP groups (con:(28.24 ±0.86) ml/kg; week 6:(26.57 ± 1.01 ) ml/kg; week 10:(27.98 ±0.99) ml/kg,F =12.35,P > 0.05 ).In the FST,PCP model rats showed longer still time ( con:(39.32 ± 1.98 ) s ; week 6:(52.39 ± 1.66)s,week 10:(55.56 ± 1.49)s,F=3.99,P< 0.05 ).In the RIT,PCP models rats showed less explore time ( (40.31 ± 13.56)s vs (63.90 ± 13.12)s,(43.65 ±12.86 )s vs (65.18 ± 15.12)s,P < 0.05 ) and more escape time ((19.33±2.26) s vs (9.26 ± 1.32) s,(17.79 ±2.99) s vs (9.38 ± 1.36) s,P< 0.05).Conclusion Perinatal PCP injection can induce the long-lasting negative-symptoms changes.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-385170


Objective To investigate the effect of sertraline on the viability and the expression of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and phosphorylated ERK1/2 in NGF-induced rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells.Methods NGF-induced PC12 cells were pretreated or directly treated with different concentrations of sertraline for 24 or 48 hours and the pretreated groups were then subjected to serum withdrawal condition. Then cell viability was determined by the cell counting Kit-8 (CCK-8). The expression of Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and pERK1/2in NGF-induced PC12 cells was determined by immunohistochemistry and western blot respectively. Results The viability of NGF-induced PC12 was improved after administration with sertra]ine. After 24h sertraline administration, the cells activity of PC 12 cells at 20μM ( 1.32 ± 0. 11 ) , 10μM ( 1. 17 ± 0.05 ) of direct effect, and 20μM ( 1.15 ±0.11 ) of protect effect increased dramatically as compared with control group. But high dose ( 50μM )sertraline express high toxic effect to PC12 cells. The expression of TH was increased by sertraline 20 μM at both 24h(ratio of TH/β-actin = 1.27 ±0.05) and 48h(ratio of TH/β-actin = 1. 23 ±0.08) compare with control group,and the expression of pERK1/2 also increased dramatically by sertraline 20 μM at both 24h (ratio of (pERK1/2)/β-actin = 1.41±0.05) and 48h( ratio of (pERK1/2)/β-actin = 1.40 ±0.06) compare with control group(P<0. 01, P < 0. 05). Immunohistochemistry showed similar results. Conclusion These data suggest that the neuroprotective effect of sertraline may play an important role in depression therapy, and this effect might be mediated by TH and pERK1/2 up-regulation.