Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 3 de 3
Add filters

Year range
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2525-2540, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878508


Gut microbiota is closely related to human health, and its composition can give us health information. The large-scale population sampling is required on gut microbiome research; however, fresh feces samples are not easy to obtain, and rapid low-temperature freezing is difficult to achieve. With the development of technology, preservation solutions are widely used for sample collection, storage, and transport under normal temperature conditions. Preservation solutions can be used in large scale sample collection, wide geographical distribution, diverse on-site sampling conditions, heavy workload, and poor transportation conditions. In this study, five healthy volunteers were recruited. After collecting their fresh stool samples, effect of 5 different commercial preservation solutions was evaluated at room temperature. Samples in different preservation solutions after placing fresh stool samples at the 0, 1, 3, 7, 15, and 30 days were collected. All samples were tested by 16S rRNA V3-V4 high-throughput sequencing to analyze the influence of microbiome composition in different preservation solutions. The results show that different preservation solutions had distinct effects on the gut microbiome composition. Compared with the control, different preservation solutions had little effect on the amount of OUTs; preservation solutions A, B and C were closer to the control in the composition of the gut microbiota, but preservation solution D significantly changed the composition by increasing Actinobacteria and Firmicutes abundance. With the time, all solutions tended to reduce the diversity of the microbiota. Preservation solution E significantly reduced the diversity of the flora; on the 30th day, all five solutions changed the composition; the individual differences in the composition of the gut microbiome were the main factors affecting the similarity of each sample, and were derived from different stools donors. The same samples, no matter which storage solution and storage time, were directly closer to each other. Different storage solutions had different effects on the content of Gram-positive bacilli, Gram-positive cocci and Gram-negative bacteria. Storage solutions C and E reduced the abundance of Bifidobacterium, whereas storage solution D increased; except that preservation solution E relatively reduced the abundance of Lactobacillus, but the preservation solution A, B, C, and D were all closer to the control. Except for the greater difference in preservation solution D, preservation solution C was the closest to the control group on Streptococcus; preservation solution D reduced Ruminococcaceae UCG 003 than the control group. However, other preservation solutions were not much different from the control group; different preservation solutions increased the abundance of Escherichia-Shigella than the control group, and preservation solutions A and B increased the abundance of Klebsiella, but preservation solution C, D, and E were closer to the control group. Overall, preservation solution C performed better in stabilizing the composition of the gut microbiota. This study provides reference for standardized microbiome projects. Subsequent research can choose a targeted preservation solution and preservation time based on this study.

Humans , Bacteria/genetics , Feces , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics , Specimen Handling
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2516-2524, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878507


In the past ten years, the research and application of microbiome has continued to increase. The microbiome has gradually become the research focus in the fields of life science, environmental science, and medicine. Meanwhile, many countries and organizations around the world are launching their own microbiome projects and conducting a multi-faceted layout, striving to gain a strategic position in this promising field. In addition, whether it is scientific research or industrial applications, there has been a climax of research and a wave of investment and financing, accordingly, products and services related to the microbiome are constantly emerging. However, due to the rapid development of microbiome sequencing and analysis related technologies and methods, the research and application from various countries have not yet unified on the standards of technology, programs, and data. Domestic industry participants also have insufficient understanding of the microbiome. New methods, technologies, and theories have not yet been fully accepted and used. In addition, some of the existing standards and guidelines are too general with poor practicality. This not only causes obstacles in the integration of scientific research data and waste of resources, but also gives related companies unfair competition opportunity. More importantly, China still lacks national standards related to the microbiome, and the national microbiome project is still in the process of preparation. In this context, the experts and practitioners of the microbiome worked together and developed the consensus of experts. It can not only guide domestic scientific research and industrial institutions to regulate the production, learning and research of the microbiome, the application can also provide reference technical basis for the relevant national functional departments, protect the scale and standardized corporate company's interests, strengthen industry self-discipline, avoid unregulated enterprises from disrupting the market, and ultimately promote the benign development of microbiome-related industries.

Humans , China , Consensus , Industry , Microbiota
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2511-2515, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878506


Microbes are the most important commensal organisms in humans, animals and plants, and are the major habitants in soil, sediment, water, air and other habitats. The analysis of microbiome in these habitats has become a basic research technique. As a fast developing technology in recent years, microbiome sequencing and analysis have been widely used in human health, environmental pollution control, food industry, agriculture and animal husbandry and other fields. In order to sort out and summarize the current status, development and application prospects of microbiome sequencing and analysis technologies, this special issue has prepared a collection of 16 papers in this field, that comprise sample preservation and processing, single microbe genome sequencing and analysis, and microbiome feature analysis in special habitats, microbiome related databases and algorithms, and microbiome sequencing and analysis expert consensus. It also introduced in detail the development trend of the microbiome sequencing and analysis, in order to promote the rapid development of the microbiome sequencing and analysis industry and scientific research in China, and provide necessary reference for the healthy development of related industries.

Animals , Humans , Bacteria/genetics , China , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Metagenome , Microbiota/genetics , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S