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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 72-76, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011339

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the association of 24 hour movement behaviors with emotional and behavioral problems among left behind children, so as to provide a theoretical reference for the practice of 24 hour activity interventions to promote emotional and behavioral problems in this population.@*Methods@#From February to May 2023, 1 117 left behind children in grades 4-6 from 10 primary schools in five cities in Zhejiang Province were selected using a convenient cluster sampling method to conduct a questionnaire survey examining 24 hour movement behaviors, as well as emotional and behavioral problems. The general linear model was adopted to analyze the association between satisfying the 24 hour movement behavior guidelines, and emotional and behavioral problems among left behind children.@*Results@#The sleep duration compliance rate was the highest (52.19%), while the moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) compliance rate was the lowest (17.73%). The compliance rate of the three activities accounted for 7.43 %. There was a dose response between the number of guidelines satisfied, and the emotional and behavior of left behind children; that was, satisfaction of a higher number of guidelines was associated with a lower risk of emotional and behavioral problems among left behind children (difficulty factor: β=-0.56, 95%CI =-1.23--0.19; strength factor: β=0.50, 95%CI =-0.48-1.22, P < 0.01). Compared to satisfying none of the guidelines, satisfying the guidelines for screen time ( β=-0.23, 95%CI =-2.18- -0.14 ) and sleep duration ( β=-0.13, 95%CI =-1.66--0.11) was negatively correlated with the difficulty factor, while satisfying the guideline for MVPA ( β=0.13, 95%CI =0.09-1.08) and sleep duration ( β=0.18, 95%CI =0.09-1.40) was positively associated with the strength factor. In addition, satisfying two or all three of the guidelines was more strongly associated with these outcomes than satisfying one of the recommendations ( P <0.01).@*Conclusions@#Meeting the 24 hour movement behavior guidelines can improve emotional and behavioral problems among left behind children. It is necessary to raise their awareness of the effect of satisfying the 24 hour movement behavior guidelines and formulate comprehensive intervention measures.

2.
Chinese Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology ; (6): 527-528, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992209

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE There are serious hazards in depression,and the precise mechanism underlying the delayed onset of clinical antidepressants remains unclear.The purpose of this study was to investigate the regular pattern of the speed-limiting role of excitation/inhibition(E/I)function balance in the mechanism of antidepressant action.METHODS Based on the previous study,we focused on glutamatergic pyramidal neurons in the medial prefrontal cortex(mPFC)here and used its excitability to represent the establishment of a new E/I functional balance.We studied the changes in the firing activity of glutamatergic pyramidal neuron in the mPFC at different administration times for five types of antidepressants that act on different pharmacological targets and different onset times,including fluoxetine(SSRI),duloxetine(SNRI),vilazodone[serotonin 1A receptor(5-HT1A)ago-nist and SSRI],ketamine[N-methyl-D-aspartate(NMDA)receptor antagonist],and hypidone hydrochloride(YL-0919,new antidepressant with sigma-1 receptor ago-nist and SSRI).We first examined the initial onset time of activation of pyramidal neurons using multichannel elec-trophysiological recordings and tested the antidepressant behavioral effects using the FST.We then selected three antidepressants(fluoxetine,ketamine,and vilazodone)to explore its effects on the BDNF-mTOR pathway by West-ern blotting.In addition,we disrupted the E/I function bal-ance using chemogenetics to investigate the antidepres-sant-like effects of YL-0919 and ketamine in the FST and TST.RESULTS We found that treatment with fluoxetine for 17 days significantly increased the firing activity of pyramidal neurons and decreased the immobility duration in the FST.Similarly,it took duloxetine for 10 d,vilazodone for 4 d,YL-0919 for 3 d and ketamine for 24 h,to exert such effects.Meanwhile,Western blotting results sug-gested that the expression of BDNF and phosphorylation of mTOR in the mPFC significantly increased.How-ever,haloperidol,a classic antipsychotic(without antide-pressant effects),exerted no such effects on the firing activities of pyramidal neurons.In addition,disrupting the E/I function balance(via activating the GABA neurons and inhibiting the glutamate neurons)blocks out the antidepressant-like effects of YL-0919 and ketamine in the FST and TST.CONCLUSION Taken together,our findings suggest that the commencement of antide-pressant effects may be accompanied by the increase in the firing activity of pyramidal neurons and the activation of the BDNF-mTOR pathway,which may be a necessary and rate-limiting process.The re-establishment of the E/I balance may be a landmark event for the onset of antide-pressant effects.

3.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 866-872, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990708

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influencing factors of textbook outcomes in liver surgery (TOLS) after radical resection of gallbladder carcinoma.Methods:The retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 530 patients who underwent radical resection of gallbladder carcinoma in 15 medical centers, including the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University et al, from January 2014 to January 2020 were collected. There were 209 males and 321 females, aged (61±10)years. Patients underwent radical resection of gallbladder carcinoma, including cholecystectomy, hepatectomy, invasive bile duct resection, and lymph node dissection. Observation indicators: (1) situations of TOLS; (2) influencing factors of TOLS. Measure-ment data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the independent sample t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( Q1, Q3), and comparison between groups was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test. Comparison of ordinal data between groups was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test. The univariate analysis was conducted using the corresponding statistical methods based on data type, and variables with P<0.10 were included in multivariate analysis. Multivariate analysis was conducted using the Logistic stepwise regression model. Results:(1) Situations of TOLS. All 530 patients underwent radical resection of gallbladder carcinoma, and there were 498 cases achieving R 0 resection, 508 cases without ≥grade 2 intra-operative adverse events, 456 cases without postoperative grade B and grade C biliary leakage, 513 cases without postoperative grade B and grade C liver failure, 395 cases without severe com-plications within postoperative 90 days, 501 cases did not being re-admission caused by severe com-plications within postoperative 90 days. Of the 530 patients, 54.53%(289/530) of patients achieved postoperative TOLS, while 45.47%(241/530) of patients did not achieve postoperative TOLS. (2) Influencing factors of TOLS. Results of multivariate analysis showed that American Society of Anesthesiologists classification >grade Ⅱ, preoperative jaundice, T staging as T3?T4 stage, N staging as N2 stage, liver resection as right hemi-hepatectomy, and neoadjuvant therapy were independent factors influencing TOLS in patients undergoing radical resection of gallbladder carcinoma ( odds ratio=2.65, 1.87, 5.67, 5.65, 2.55, 3.34, 95% confidence interval as 1.22?5.72, 1.18?2.95, 2.51?12.82, 2.83?11.27, 1.41?4.63, 1.88?5.92, P<0.05). Conclusion:American Society of Anesthesiologists classification >grade Ⅱ, preoperative jaundice, T staging as T3?T4 stage, N staging as N2 stage, liver resection as right hemi-hepatectomy, and neoadjuvant therapy are independent factors influencing TOLS in patients undergoing radical resection of gallbladder carcinoma.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 853-857, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990706

ABSTRACT

Hepatolithiasis is a common biliary disease in China. Surgical treatment principles of hepatolithiasis include "removing lesions, cleaning stones, correcting strictures, recovering the drainage and preventing the recurrence". Laparoscopic techniques have been increasingly applied in surgical treatment of hepatolithiasis recently. Right posterior bile duct is a predilection site of hepatolithiasis. Due to its unique anatomy, right posterior lobectomy, right posterior bile duct lithotomy and plasty remain challenging under laparoscopy. Based on relevant literatures and clinical experiences, the authors explore the strategy of laparoscopic treatment right posterior bile duct hepatolithiasis, aiming to provide reference for surgical colleagues.

5.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 894-901, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990270

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of applying standardized patient teaching based on Calgary-Cambridge communication model in nurse patient communication training for junior college interns, and to enrich the teaching methods of nurse patient communication training in domestic medical institutions.Methods:This study was a quasi-experimental study. In July 2022, 78 students were selected from 335 junior college interns in the First Affiliated Hospital of Shandong First Medical University by random coding method, and were randomly divided into the experimental group (39 students) and the control group (39 students) by lot. The control group received routine training. The experimental group received standardized patient teaching based on Calgary Cambridge communication model: teaching the key points of communication, guiding demonstration based on Calgary Cambridge communication model, and guiding reflection and exploration. The nurse patient communication ability, nurse patient communication practice skills, communication self-efficacy, and teaching satisfaction of the two groups of interns were compared between the two groups after 8 weeks of training.Results:After training, the total score of nurse patient communication ability evaluation in the experimental group was (91.41 ± 5.35) points, higher than that in the control group (88.08 ± 7.40) points, there was significant difference ( t=2.24, P<0.05); after training, the communication self-efficacy score of the experimental group was (30.21 ± 4.28) points, higher than that of the control group (27.94 ± 5.09) points, there was significant difference ( t=2.09, P<0.05); the total score of communication practice skills in the experimental group was (173.59 ± 18.48) points, higher than that in the control group (158.44 ± 15.57) points, there was significant difference ( t=3.82, P<0.05); the total score of communication teaching and training satisfaction in the experimental group was (16.77 ± 2.94) points, higher than that in the control group (15.22 ± 1.90) points, and there was significant difference ( t=2.68, P<0.05). Conclusions:The standardized patient teaching based on Calgary Cambridge communication model can effectively improve the practical skills of nurse patient communication of junior college interns, and promote the improvement of their nurse patient communication self-efficacy, which is conducive to the improvement of nurse patient communication ability junior college intern.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2983-2992, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007542

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression are highly comorbid. Psilocybin exerts substantial therapeutic effects on depression by promoting neuroplasticity. Fear extinction is a key process in the mechanism of first-line exposure-based therapies for PTSD. We hypothesized that psilocybin would facilitate fear extinction by promoting hippocampal neuroplasticity.@*METHODS@#First, we assessed the effects of psilocybin on percentage of freezing time in an auditory cued fear conditioning (FC) and fear extinction paradigm in mice. Psilocybin was administered 30 min before extinction training. Fear extinction testing was performed on the first day; fear extinction retrieval and fear renewal were tested on the sixth and seventh days, respectively. Furthermore, we verified the effect of psilocybin on hippocampal neuroplasticity using Golgi staining for the dendritic complexity and spine density, Western blotting for the protein levels of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR), and immunofluorescence staining for the numbers of doublecortin (DCX)- and bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU)-positive cells.@*RESULTS@#A single dose of psilocybin (2.5 mg/kg, i.p.) reduced the increase in the percentage of freezing time induced by FC at 24 h, 6th day and 7th day after administration. In terms of structural neuroplasticity, psilocybin rescued the decrease in hippocampal dendritic complexity and spine density induced by FC; in terms of neuroplasticity related proteins, psilocybin rescued the decrease in the protein levels of hippocampal BDNF and mTOR induced by FC; in terms of neurogenesis, psilocybin rescued the decrease in the numbers of DCX- and BrdU-positive cells in the hippocampal dentate gyrus induced by FC.@*CONCLUSIONS@#A single dose of psilocybin facilitated rapid and sustained fear extinction; this effect might be partially mediated by the promotion of hippocampal neuroplasticity. This study indicates that psilocybin may be a useful adjunct to exposure-based therapies for PTSD and other mental disorders characterized by failure of fear extinction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mice , Animals , Psilocybin/metabolism , Fear , Extinction, Psychological , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor/metabolism , Bromodeoxyuridine/pharmacology , Hippocampus/metabolism , Neuronal Plasticity , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism
7.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1390-1394, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954863

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the needs of mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus(GDM) for nurturing care for 0-3 years old offspring, so as to provide reference for constructing gestational diabetes mothers′ foster care framework.Methods:Purposive sampling method was used to select 10 GDM mothers from January to August 2021 in the outpatient department of children′s health care, the First Affiliated Hospital of Shandong First Medical University. Using phenomenological research methods semi-structured interviews were used to collect data, and Colaizzi content analysis was used to analyze the data.Results:The nursing needs of GDM mothers can be divided into 4 themes: disease risk guidance needs, professional care guidance needs, accessible child care service needs and emotional and psychological support needs.Conclusions:It is great important to pay attention to the care needs of GDM mothers for their 0-3 years old offspring. At the same time, Understanding the care needs of GDM mothers can promote the physical and mental health of offspring of gestational diabetes mothers, provide them with professional and personalized care guidance and services. Effectively improve the nurturing and caring ability of GDM mothers, so as to better promote the health of infants and young children.

8.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 267-272, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930007

ABSTRACT

Since the development of tension-free hernia repair, the choice of mesh type and fixation mode has become a problem that surgeons must consider in operation. The selection of appropriate mesh fixation mode is of great significance to the prognosis of patients. In recent years, with the development of laparoscopic technology and hernia repair materials, new mesh types and mesh fixation techniques have been popularized in clinical practice, tack fixation and suture fixation have been less used in trans-abdominal preperitoneal hernia repair, and medical glue and self-gripping mesh have become the mainstream choice. Some scholars believe that in addition to large direct hernia, vacuum suction fixation is also a safe and effective fixation method. The best method of mesh fixation is still controversial, and the choice of intraoperative fixation methods is also to reach a unified standard. This paper reviews the advantages and disadvantages of different mesh fixation methods in trans-abdominal preperitoneal hernia repair, as well as the selection of intraoperative fixation methods, in order to provide basis for clinicians' intraoperative selection.

9.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 62-66, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929970

ABSTRACT

Abdominal hernia repair is a challenging surgery with high complication rate and recurrence rate, especially in potentially contaminated or contaminated abdominal wall hernias. The application of hernia mesh has significantly reduced the recurrence rate. However, different types of meshes have their own advantages and disadvantages. There are still controversies regarding the selection of mesh in the environment of potential contaminated and contaminated abdominal hernia repair. The biological mesh, which was once considered that have anti-infection advantages and was widely used, has not been found to reduce the infection rate in recent studies, but instead leads to a higher recurrence rate and expensive medical costs. On the contrary, synthetic mesh represented by monofilament and large mesh polypropylene mesh have achieved good results in potentially contaminated or contaminated hernia repairs recently. The emergence of new types of meshes such as absorbable synthetic mesh may be a better choice for potentially contaminated or contaminated abdominal hernia repair. This article reviews the application progress of mesh in the environment of potential contaminated and contaminated abdominal hernia repair, aiming to provide reliable evidence for the selection of mesh for these patients.

10.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 618-620, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909371

ABSTRACT

Hypothermia can have adverse effects on various systems of trauma patients, and significantly increase the mortality. All of the current rewarming equipments are contact rewarming equipment, which have the shortcomings of single function and poor effect. The medical staff of the First People's Hospital of Chenzhou designed a multi-functional infrared heating medical rewarming equipment, and obtained the National Utility Model Patent of China (ZL 2018 2 1705172.9). By integrating the infrared heating lamp tube and the air heating device and controlling them independently, the equipment can not only treat the wound by infrared alone, but also keep the wound warm by using the air heating function at low room temperature. In addition, it can also warm the patients with hypothermia separately. The device's dual functions of promoting wound healing and rewarming by infrared therapy and wind-heating are accurate. It is easy to operate with good controllability, and contributes to individualized precision treatment, which is worthy of transformation and promotion.

11.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 695-699, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907507

ABSTRACT

Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) is a systematic approach to care that optimizes perioperative management, improves clinical outcomes, and reduces healthcare costs. ERAS has been introduced into abdominal hernia repair in recent years. Preoperative management was optimized through health education, smoking cessation, weight control, blood glucose and pain management, infection and thrombosis prophylaxis. And prevention of hypothermia, standardized anesthesia management, fluid replacement control, minimally invasive operation, controlled catheter placement and other intraoperative management optimization measures. And multi-mode analgesia, early postoperative activity, recovery of gastrointestinal function and control of blood glucose and other postoperative management optimization measures effectively reduced the incidence of complications such as surgical site infection, alleviated the pain of patients, and shortened the hospital stay. ERAS factors such as perioperative pain management, early postoperative activity, and recovery of gastrointestinal function are the key to shorten hospital stay and improve prognosis during abdominal wall hernia repair. ERAS can be used safely and effectively for abdominal hernia repair.

12.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 493-499, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907469

ABSTRACT

Inguinal hernia is one of the most common diseases in general surgery. Surgery is the only treatment. In recent years, with the emergence and popularization of tension-free hernia repair, the recurrence rate has been lower than before. Chronic Postoperative Inguinal Pain (CPIP) has gradually become the focus of research. CPIP has now become one of the important efficacy indicators for inguinal hernia surgery. The etiology of CPIP is more complicated, mainly including neuropathic pain, non-neuropathic pain, somatic pain and visceral pain. Female, young, obese, low pain control, preoperative anxiety, preoperative pain, high pain sensitivity and other patient factors, and experience of the surgeon, open hernia repair, weight patch, patch fixation, surgery Surgical factors such as post-acute pain are risk factors for CPIP. CPIP is not only a product of neuropathic and nociceptive pain, but is also affected by various factors such as psychology, emotion, cognition, and genetics. Therefore, detailed medical history, physical examination, and correct pain and quality of life assessment tools are essential for the diagnosis of CPIP is very necessary. The treatment of CPIP should follow certain steps. The first choice is anticipatory treatment, drug treatment, psychological and behavioral treatment, physical therapy and other conservative treatments and interventional treatments, If the pain relief is not obvious after 6 months to 1 year by the above methods, surgical treatment is considered. So far, preventive analgesia and standardized surgery are the most important means to improve the prognosis of patients.

13.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 294-299, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885215

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate mechanisms underlying the signal crosstalk of VEGF-IL-6-STAT3 between cutaneous melanoma cells and vascular endothelial cells.Methods:EC-304 vascular endothelial cells were divided into 3 groups: control group cultured in conventional endothelial cell-conditioned medium, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) group cultured in endothelial cell-conditioned medium containing 50 μg/L VEGF 165, A375 co-culture group co-cultured with a melanoma cell line A375. After 24-, 48- and 72-hour treatment, the culture medium was collected, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was performed to detect the level of interleukin-6 (IL-6) . Cultured A375 cells were divided into 4 groups: control group receiving conventional culture in Dulbecco′s modified Eagle′s medium (DMEM) , A375+ EC-304 group co-cultured with EC-304 cells, A375+ EC-304+ IL-6 group co-cultured with EC-304 cells in DMEM containing 50 μg/L IL-6 (an agonist of the signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 [STAT3] pathway) , A375+ EC-304+ JSI-124 group co-cultured with EC-304 cells in DMEM containing 1 μmol/L JSI-124 (a STAT3 pathway inhibitor) . After 24-, 48- and 72-hour treatment, cells were collected, and Western blot analysis, cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) assay and Transwell invasion assay were performed to determine the protein expression of STAT3 and phosphorylated (p) -STAT3, cellular proliferative activity and invasive activity, respectively. Two-way analysis of variance and t test were used for statistical analysis. Results:The level of IL-6 significantly increased in the culture medium of EC-304 cells in the VEGF group and A375 co-culture group compared with the control group ( FVEGF = 29.63, P < 0.001; FA375 = 11.09, P = 0.020) . Compared with the control group, the A375+ EC-304 group showed significantly enhanced protein expression of p-STAT3 in A375 cells ( P < 0.001) , increased cell activity ( P < 0.001) , and increased number of invasive cells (152.66 ± 16.04 vs. 86.13 ± 7.24, t= 4.43, P < 0.001) ; compared with the A375+ EC-304 group, the A375+ EC-304+ IL-6 group showed significantly increased protein expression of p-STAT3 ( P < 0.001) , enhanced cell activity ( P < 0.001) , and increased number of invasive cells (187.34 ± 14.38, t= 2.17, P < 0.001) ; compared with the A375+ EC-304 group, the A375+ EC-304+ JSI-124 group showed significantly decreased protein expression of p-STAT3 ( P < 0.001) , decreased cell activity ( P < 0.001) , and decreased number of invasive cells (124.92 ± 8.72, t=-1.86, P < 0.001) . Conclusion:There is a signal crosstalk of VEGF-IL-6-STAT3 between cutaneous melanoma cells and vascular endothelial cells, which may play an important role in the proliferation and invasion of A375 cells.

14.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 548-554, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883281

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of three-dimensional (3D) printing technology assisted laparoscopic anatomic liver resection of segment 8 (Lap-S8).Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 8 liver cancer patients including 7 cases with hepatocellular carcinoma and 1 case with intrahepatic cholangio-carcinoma who underwent 3D printing technology assisted Lap-S8 in the Hunan Provincial People′s Hospital from January 2019 to December 2020 were collected. There were 7 males and 1 female, aged from 49.0 to 80.0 years, with a median age of 56.5 years. Of the 8 patients, 6 cases underwent laparoscopic anatomic liver resection of the entire segment 8, 1 case underwent laparoscopic anatomic liver resection of ventral subsegmental of the segment 8 and 1 case underwent laparoscopic anatomic liver resection of dorsal subsegmental of the segment 8. 3D printing technology was used to assist preoperative evaluation and intraoperative navigation for all 8 patients. Observation indicators: (1) surgical situations; (2) postoperative situations; (3) follow-up. Follow-up was conducted using outpatient examination, internet or telephone interview to detect survival and tumor recurrence of patients after operation up to March 2021. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range). Count data were described as absolute numbers. Results:(1) Surgical situations: all the 8 patients underwent 3D printing technology assisted Lap-S8 successfully, without conversion to open surgery. The operation time, hepatic portal occlusion time and volume of intraoperative blood loss of the 8 patients were (216±41)minutes, (56±11)minutes and 75 mL(range, 50 to 300 mL), respectively. There was no intraoperative blood transfusion in 8 patients, and the surgical margin of the 8 patients was negative. (2) Postoperative situations: the duration of postoperative hospital stay of the 8 patients were (9±3)days. There was no complication such as postoperative hemorrhage, biliary fistula, liver abscess or abdominal infection occurred. (3) Follow-up: all the 8 patients were followed up for 3.0?24.0 months, with a median follow-up time of 12.5 months. During the follow-up, 1 of 8 patients with preoperative diagnosis of recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma developed tumor recurrence at 5 months after operation. The patient underwent laparoscopic surgery followed with the transcatheter arterial chemoembolization and target therapy, and survived with tumor. There was no tumor recurrence in the other 7 patients.Conclusion:3D printing technology assisted Lap-S8 is safe and feasible.

15.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 178-183, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883225

ABSTRACT

Laparoscopic anatomical hepatectomy of segment 7 is recognized as one of the most difficult hepatectomies. Because of its location and anatomic characteristics, the resection of hepatic segment 7 has the difficulties of poor surgical view, instrumental accessibility, hepatic pedicle anatomy, confirmation of dividing line and secure hemostasis. When performing laparoscopic anatomical hepatectomy of segment 7, the authors routinely put patient at left semi-decubitus position, set all trocars at the right upper quadrant of the abdomen, and select proper approach for hepatic pedicle anatomy according to the results of individualized preoperative three-dimensional reconstruction. The authors use to transect the liver parenchyma at the plane between hepatic segment 6 and segment 7, with the direction perpendicular to the right hepatic vein, and then finish parenchymal dissection using right hepatic vein as the intrahepatic landmark. According to the authors experiences, choosing appropriate tactics can effectively reduce the difficulty of laparoscopic anatomical hepatectomy of segment 7, improve the safety and controllability of operation, and ensure the oncological radical effects.

16.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 599-602, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871674

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and efficacy of balloon occlusion technique combined with total arch replacement and frozen elephant trunk in the treatment of complex aortic arch diseases.Methods:The clinical data of 100 patients undergoing balloon occlusion technique combined with total arch replacement and frozen elephant trunk surgery in Fuwai Hospital from August 2017 to September 2018 were retrospectively reviewed, and the early clinical results were analyzed.Results:The average circulatory arrest time was(5.2±3.1) min. The lowest nasopharyngeal and bladder temperature was(27.9±1.0) ℃ and(29.2±1.2) ℃, respectively. One patient died in hospital due to multiple organ failure caused by acute liver failure, and a total of 4 patients died within 30 days. Other postoperative complications included cerebral infarction in 3 cases, paraplegia in 2 cases, low cardiac output syndrome requiring IABP assistance in 1 case, renal failure requiring continuous dialysis in 5 cases, redo for bleeding in 4 cases, reintubation in 3 cases, recurrent laryngeal nerve injury in 1 case, and osteofascial compartment syndrome in 1 case.Conclusion:Balloon occlusion technique combined with total arch replacement and frozen elephant trunk is safe and feasible in the treatment of complex aortic arch diseases. Its organ protection effect still needs to be confirmed by large sample comparison study.

17.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 82-86,封4, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863277

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic liver resection in the treatment of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC).Methods The retrospective study was adopted.The clinical data of 58 patients with ICC who underwent laparoscopic liver resection in the Department of Hepatobiliary Minimally Invasive Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Hu'nan Normal University were collected From January 2016 to December 2018.Among them,34 patients were males and 24 were females,aged from 34 to 71 years with a median age of 54 years.Observation indicators:(1) Surgical treatment:surgical methods,operation time,intraoperative blood loss,intraoperative blood transfusion rate,intraoperative hepatic portal blocking time,conversion rate,postoperative complications,postoperative hospital stay.(2) Postoperative pathological conditions.(3) Followup.Follow-up visits were conducted using an outpatient clinic and telephone to understand patient survival after surgery.The follow-up period was until June 2019.Measurement data with normal distribution were expressed as (Mean ± SD),count data was expressed as frequency and percentage.Results A total of 58 patients were included in this study,of which 48 patients underwent laparoscopic radical surgical resection of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and 10 patients underwent laparoscopic conversion to laparotomy.(1) Surgical treatment:laparoscopic resection of the left liver (segments Ⅱ,Ⅲ and Ⅳ),laparoscopic resection of the right liver (segments Ⅴ,Ⅵ,Ⅶ and Ⅷ),laparoscopic resection of the right posterior lobe (segments WⅥ and Ⅶ),laparoscopic extended resection of the right posterior lobe,laparoscopic resection of the middle lobe (Ⅳ,Ⅴ and Ⅷ),laparoscopic resection of the Ⅴ and Ⅵ,laparoscopic resection of the left liver (segments Ⅱ,Ⅲ and Ⅳ)combined with the caudate lobe (segments Ⅰ and Ⅸ),laparoscopic extended left hemihepatectomy,laparoscopic resection of the Ⅵ,laparoscopic resection of the Ⅶ and Ⅷ,laparoscopic resection of the left lateral lobe (segments Ⅱ and Ⅲ) and laparoscopic resection of the right hepatic mass;operation time:(320.38 ± 107.68) min;intraoperative blood loss:(262.34 ± 76.06);intraoperative blood loss:0 (0/58);Intraoperative hepatic portal occlusion time:(48 ± 15) min,the conversion rate was 17.2% (10/58);the incidence of postoperative biliary fistula was 6.8% (4/58),and the patient was discharged after conservative treatment and unobstructed drainage (T-tube vacuum suction);the postoperative gastrointestinal recovery time was (1.84 ± 0.57) d;no other serious complications occurred.Postoperative hospital stay:(9.34 ± 3.39) d;there were no deaths and unplanned surgeries during the perioperative period.(2) Pathological conditions:32 cases received lymph node dissection during the operation,and 26 cases showed cholangiocarcinoma without lymph node dissection;pathological examination showed that the pathological reports of all tumor margins were negative,and 4 cases showed lymph node dissection and positive lymph node metastasis.(3) Follow-up results:of the 58 patients with ICC,49 were followed up for 6 to 36 months.The tumor survival time was (4 to 36) months.28 patients survived without tumor.17 patients had intrahepatic metastasis with multiple lymph node metastasis.4 patients were treated with microwave ablation after intrahepatic metastasis was found.9 patients were lost to follow-up.Conclusion Laparoscopic treatment of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma is safe and feasible in experienced centers.

18.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 82-86,f4, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799705

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic liver resection in the treatment of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC).@*Methods@#The retrospective study was adopted. The clinical data of 58 patients with ICC who underwent laparoscopic liver resection in the Department of Hepatobiliary Minimally Invasive Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Hu′nan Normal University were collected From January 2016 to December 2018. Among them, 34 patients were males and 24 were females, aged from 34 to 71 years with a median age of 54 years. Observation indicators: (1) Surgical treatment: surgical methods, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative blood transfusion rate, intraoperative hepatic portal blocking time, conversion rate, postoperative complications, postoperative hospital stay. (2) Postoperative pathological conditions. (3) Follow-up.Follow-up visits were conducted using an outpatient clinic and telephone to understand patient survival after surgery. The follow-up period was until June 2019. Measurement data with normal distribution were expressed as (Mean±SD), count data was expressed as frequency and percentage.@*Results@#A total of 58 patients were included in this study, of which 48 patients underwent laparoscopic radical surgical resection of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and 10 patients underwent laparoscopic conversion to laparotomy. (1) Surgical treatment: laparoscopic resection of the left liver (segments Ⅱ, Ⅲ and Ⅳ), laparoscopic resection of the right liver (segments Ⅴ, Ⅵ, Ⅶ and Ⅷ), laparoscopic resection of the right posterior lobe (segments Ⅵ and Ⅶ), laparoscopic extended resection of the right posterior lobe, laparoscopic resection of the middle lobe (Ⅳ, Ⅴ and Ⅷ), laparoscopic resection of the V and Ⅵ, laparoscopic resection of the left liver (segments Ⅱ, Ⅲ and Ⅳ) combined with the caudate lobe (segments I and Ⅸ), laparoscopic extended left hemihepatectomy, laparoscopic resection of the VI, laparoscopic resection of the Ⅶ and Ⅷ, laparoscopic resection of the left lateral lobe (segments Ⅱ and Ⅲ) and laparoscopic resection of the right hepatic mass; operation time: (320.38±107.68) min; intraoperative blood loss: (262.34±76.06); intraoperative blood loss: 0 (0/58); Intraoperative hepatic portal occlusion time: (48±15) min, the conversion rate was 17.2% (10/58); the incidence of postoperative biliary fistula was 6.8% (4/58), and the patient was discharged after conservative treatment and unobstructed drainage (T-tube vacuum suction); the postoperative gastrointestinal recovery time was (1.84±0.57) d; no other serious complications occurred.Postoperative hospital stay: (9.34±3.39) d; there were no deaths and unplanned surgeries during the perioperative period. (2) Pathological conditions: 32 cases received lymph node dissection during the operation, and 26 cases showed cholangiocarcinoma without lymph node dissection; pathological examination showed that the pathological reports of all tumor margins were negative, and 4 cases showed lymph node dissection and positive lymph node metastasis. (3) Follow-up results: of the 58 patients with ICC, 49 were followed up for 6 to 36 months. The tumor survival time was (4 to 36) months. 28 patients survived without tumor. 17 patients had intrahepatic metastasis with multiple lymph node metastasis. 4 patients were treated with microwave ablation after intrahepatic metastasis was found. 9 patients were lost to follow-up.@*Conclusion@#Laparoscopic treatment of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma is safe and feasible in experienced centers.

19.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 114-118, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799375

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the safety and feasibility of longitudinal transpancreatic U-sutures invaginated pancreatojejunostomy (Chen′s pancreaticojejunostomy technique) in laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD) .@*Methods@#Clinical data of 116 consecutive patients who underwent LPD using Chen′s pancreaticojejunostomy technique in Hunan Provincial People′s Hospital from May 2017 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Among these patients, 66 were males and 50 were females. The median age was 58 years old (32-84 yeas old). All 116 patients underwent pure laparoscopic whipple procedure with Child reconstruction method, using Chen′s pancreaticojejunostomy technique. The intraoperative and postoperative data of patients were analyzed.@*Results@#All 116 patients underwent LPD successfully. The mean operative time was (260.3±33.5) minutes (200-620 minutes). The mean time of pancreaticojejunostomy was (18.2±7.6) minutes (14-35 minutes) . The mean time of hepaticojejunostomy was (14.6±6.3) minutes (10-25 minutes). The mean time of gastrojejunostomy was (12.0±5.5) minutes (8-20 minutes). The mean estimated blood loss was (106.0±87.6) ml (20-800 ml). Postoperative complications were: 11.2% (13/116) of cases had postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) , including 10.3% (12/116) of biochemical fistula and 0.9% (1/116) of grade B POPF, no grade C POPF occurred; 10.3% (12/116) had gastrojejunal anastomotic bleeding; 3.4% (4/116) had hepaticojejunal anastomotic fistula; 3.4% (4/116) had delayed gastric emptying; 4.3% (5/116) had localized abdominal infection; 12.1% (14/116) had pulmonary infection; postoperative mortality were 0(0/116) and 1.7% (2/116) within 30 days and 90 days, respectively. One patient died of massive abdominal bleeding secondary to Gastroduodenal artery pseudoaneurysm rupture, the other patient died of extensive tumor recurrence and metastasis after surgery.@*Conclusions@#Chen′s pancreaticojejunostomy technique is safe and feasible for LPD.It is an option especially for surgeons who have not completed the learning curve of LPD.

20.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 114-118, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799374

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the safety and feasibility of longitudinal transpancreatic U-sutures invaginated pancreatojejunostomy (Chen′s pancreaticojejunostomy technique) in laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD).@*Methods@#Clinical data of 116 consecutive patients who underwent LPD using Chen′s pancreaticojejunostomy technique in Hunan Provincial People′s Hospital from May 2017 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Among these patients, 66 were males and 50 were females. The median age was 58 years old (32-84 yeas old). All 116 patients underwent pure laparoscopic whipple procedure with Child reconstruction method, using Chen′s pancreaticojejunostomy technique. The intraoperative and postoperative data of patients were analyzed.@*Results@#All 116 patients underwent LPD successfully. The mean operative time was (260.3±33.5) minutes (200-620 minutes). The mean time of pancreaticojejunostomy was (18.2±7.6) minutes (14-35 minutes). The mean time of hepaticojejunostomy was (14.6±6.3) minutes (10-25 minutes). The mean time of gastrojejunostomy was (12.0±5.5) minutes (8-20 minutes). The mean estimated blood loss was (106.0±87.6) ml (20-800 ml). Postoperative complications were: 11.2%(13/116) of cases had postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF), including 10.3% (12/116) of biochemical fistula and 0.9%(1/116) of grade B POPF, no grade C POPF occurred; 10.3%(12/116) had gastrojejunal anastomotic bleeding; 3.4%(4/116) had hepaticojejunal anastomotic fistula; 3.4%(4/116) had delayed gastric emptying; 4.3% (5/116) had localized abdominal infection; 12.1%(14/116) had pulmonary infection; postoperative mortality were 0(0/116) and 1.7%(2/116) within 30 days and 90 days, respectively. One patient died of massive abdominal bleeding secondary to Gastroduodenal artery pseudoaneurysm rupture, the other patient died of extensive tumor recurrence and metastasis after surgery.@*Conclusions@#Chen′s pancreaticojejunostomy technique is safe and feasible for LPD.It is an option especially for surgeons who have not completed the learning curve of LPD.

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