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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 709-720, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807134

ABSTRACT

Preoperative neoadjuvant therapy has become a hot topic in the treatment of locally advanced esophageal cancer (EC) in recent years. Accumulated evidences have demonstrated that neoadjuvant therapy combined with surgery could significantly improve the survival of patients with locally advanced EC compared with the surgery alone. The importance of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (nCT) and neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) has been widely recognized and included in the guidelines. For locally advanced EC, especially for esophageal adenocarcinoma, both nCT and nCRT can significantly prolong the survival of patients than the surgery alone. Currently, whether the supplement of radiotherapy can bring more benefits to patients compared with nCT alone remains a hot topic. Besides, it is generally believed that the operation should be performed at 2-8 weeks after neoadjuvant therapy, whereas the optimal time interval remains debated. In this article, the research progress and existing problems in the preoperative neoadjuvant treatment of locally advanced EC were summarized.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 649-655, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708254

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical efficacy,toxicity and survival prognosis of patients diagnosed with Siewert type Ⅱ and Ⅲ locally advanced adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG) undergoing preoperative involved-field irradiation with concurrent chemotherapy. Methods A total of 45 cases were recruited in this prospective clinical trial. Prior to surgery, patients received 2 cycles of chemotherapy with XELOX and concurrent radiotherapy ( a total of 45 Gy in 25 fractions,5 times weekly). After 6-8 weeks,they underwent surgical resection. After the surgery,patients received 6 cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy. The completion of preoperative neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy, postoperative pathological status,TNM down-staging effect and adverse reactions were observed. Kaplan-Meier method was applied to estimate survival analysis. Results All 45 patients completed preoperative neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. Among them, 39 patients completed 2 cycles of chemotherapy, and 6 patients completed 1 cycle of chemotherapy. The median time of surgical interval was 6 weeks. The R0resection rate was 96%.The pathological complete response (pCR) rate was 22%. The TNM down-staging rate was 69%.The incidence of acute radiation-induced esophagitis or gastritis was 44% and the incidence of radiation-induced pneumonitis was 7%. The incidence of grade 1-3 leukocytopenia,thrombocytopenia and neutropenia was 78%,47% and 44%,respectively. In terms of gastrointestinal reactions,the incidence of nausea,vomiting and loss of appetite was 62%,24% and 71%,respectively. No hematologic or nonhematologic adverse effects was observed at grade 4 or 5.The median follow-up time was 30 months. 11 patients died of cancer,1 patient was treatment-related death in the perioperative period and 1 patient died of pneumonia. The 1-,2-and 3-year progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 90%,70% and 67%,respectively. The 1-,2-and 3-year overall survival rates were 95%,80% and 75%,respectively. The 1-,2-and 3-year local control rates were 95%,84% and 84%, respectively. The 1-, 2-and 3-year distant metastasis rates were 7%, 25% and 25%, respectively. Conclusions Preoperative involved-field irradiation with concurrent chemotherapy yields relatively high clinical efficacy and is well tolerated by patients with Siewert typeⅡandⅢlocally advanced AEG.Patients are recommended to receive 4 cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy following neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and surgery.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 1012-1018, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613021

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the effects of different pre-treatment nutritional status and inflammatory markers on acute adverse reactions in esophageal cancer patients during concurrent intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and chemotherapy.Methods The acute adverse reactions of 338 eligible esophageal cancer patients who received concurrent IMRT and chemotherapy in our hospital from 2006 to 2014 were reviewed.The effects of different pre-treatment nutritional status, such as body mass index level (BMI), albumin level (ALB), total lymphocyte count (TLC), the presence or absence of anemia, and inflammatory indicators including neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet lymphocyte ratio (PLR), on acute adverse reactions in the patients were examined.Data were analyzed using the chi-square test with continuity correction and logistic regression analysis.Results The incidence rate of malnutrition in the patients based on their nutritional status was 5.62%-54.14%.The incidence rate of grade≥2 acute radiation esophagitis (RE) was significantly higher in the low ALB group than in the normal ALB group (P=0.000).The incidence rate of adverse reactions in the hematologic system increased as TLC decreased (P=0.006), but the incidence rate of acute radiation pneumonitis (RP) was reduced as TLC decreased (P=0.001).In addition, the incidence rate of grade ≥2 acute RE was significantly higher in the anemia group than in the non-anemia group.Inflammatory marker analysis demonstrated that the incidence rate of acute RE was significantly higher in the high NLR group and high PLR group than in the low NLR group and low PLR group (P=0.000 and P=0.024, respectively).Logistic regression analysis of nutritional status and inflammatory markers showed that TLC was an independent risk factor for acute adverse reactions in the hematologic system (P=0.001), and ALB and PLR were independent risk factors for acute RE (P=0.017 and P=0.011,respectively).Conclusions Nutritional status and inflammatory markers are associated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy-induced acute adverse reactions in esophageal carcinoma patients, and hence may be valuable indicators of acute adverse reactions during treatment.In addition, nutritional treatment and support care should be actively provided to the patients to prevent the development of acute adverse reactions during treatment.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 1269-1275, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667461

ABSTRACT

postoperative pathological examination results and radiotherapy toxicities. Results All the 45 patients completed preoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy and surgery, with two cycles of chemotherapy in 39 patients and one cycle in 6 patients. The rates of R0resection and pathological complete response(pCR) were 95.6%(43/45)and 22.2%(10/45), respectively. There were 10(22.2%), 17(37.8%), 15 (33.3%),and 3(6.7%)patients with tumor regression grades 0,1,2,3,respectively. The rate of lymph node metastasis was 37.8%(17/45),and the lymph node ratio was 4.33%(46/1 062). The postoperative pathological examination showed that T and N downstaging after surgery was observed in 24 and 26 patients, respectively;the proportions of patients with T3-T4tumors and positive lymph nodes after surgery declined by 51.1%(P=0.000)and 42.2%(P=0.000), respectively. The overall incidence of radiation esophagitis/gastritis was 44.4%(20/45), and the incidence rates of grade 1, 2, and 3 radiation esophagitis/gastritis were 18%,22%,and 4%,respectively. The incidence of acute radiation pneumonitis was 6.7%(3/45), all in grades 1 and 2. There was one perioperative treatment-related death. Conclusions Two cycles of XELOX chemotherapy combined with concurrent 45 Gy radiotherapy before surgery in patients with locally advanced Siewert type Ⅱ and Ⅲ AEG can achieve a relatively high pCR rate,effectively reduce the lymph node metastasis rate, achieve downstaging, and increase R0resection rate. This regimen has many good advantages,including low incidence of acute toxicities,good tolerability,and acceptable rate of perioperative treatment-related deaths. The target volume delineation involving metastatic lymph nodes is feasible.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 239-243, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488232

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effect of induction chemotherapy plus concurrent radiochemotherapy in the treatment of locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) through a meta-analysis.Methods CBM, CNKI, Cochrane Library, PubMed, and EMbase were searched for the articles on comparison between induction chemotherapy plus concurrent radiochemotherapy and concurrent radiochemotherapy for patients with locally advanced NSCLC.According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, the data on short-term outcome and survival were collected.A Meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the clinical effect of induction chemotherapy followed by concurrent radiochemotherapy.Results A total of 5 articles were included, which involved 845 patients.The results showed that the short-term outcome and the 2-and 3-year survival rates were similar between patients receiving induction chemotherapy plus concurrent radiochemotherapy and those receiving concurrent radiochemotherapy ( OR=0.875, 95% CI 0.507-1.510, P=0.631;HR=0.770, 95% CI 0.515-1.151, P=0.203;HR=0.809, 95% CI 0.559-1.172, P=0.262), but the patients receiving induction chemotherapy plus concurrent radiochemotherapy showed a significantly higher incidence rate of grade ≥ 3 leukopenia than those receiving concurrent radiochemotherapy alone ( OR=0.637, 95% CI 0.435-0.931, P=0.020).Conclusions Induction chemotherapy plus concurrent radiochemotherapy shows no significant advantages over concurrent radiochemotherapy alone in the short-term outcome and 2-and 3-year survival rates, but it significantly increases myelosuppression.Since there are few studies involving a limited number of cases included in this analysis, more multicenter randomized trials are needed to provide more detailed data and further clarify the clinical value of induction chemotherapy plus concurrent radiochemotherapy.

6.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 1117-1122, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503741

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the pathological manifestations of acute?stage radioactive myocardial damage and related mechanisms using an experimental animal model. Methods A total of 12 adult male Sprague?Dawley rats were randomly divided into control group and radiation group. In the radiation group, the model of radiation?induced myocardial damage was established by the irradiation of the anterior myocardial territory with 6?MV X?ray at a single dose of 20 Gy, and at 14 days after irradiation, HE staining was used to observe the morphological changes of cardiomyocytes and intercellular matrix, and Masson staining was used to observe the distribution of collagen fibers. The collagen volume fraction ( CVF) was used for semi?quantitative analysis. ELISA was used to measure the activity of total superoxide dismutase ( T?SOD) and the concentration of malondialdehyde ( MDA ) , and Western blot was used to measure the expression of the fibrosis marker protein collagen type I ( COL?1 ) and the endoplasmic reticulum stress?related proteins GRP78 and CHOP. The t?test, t ’?test, or nonparametric rank sum test was used for comparison between groups. Results At 14 days after local irradiation of the heart, the radiation group had disordered arrangement of cardiomyocytes, marked edema, rupture of some cardiomyocytes, mild karyopyknosis in cardiomyocytes, and infiltration of inflammatory cells in the myocardial interstitium, compared with the control group. Collagen fibers in the myocardial tissue were mainly distributed in the perivascular area and cardiomyocyte interstitium. The radiation group had a significantly higher CVF than the control group ( 11?35% vs. 5?23%, P=0?000 ) and a significant increase in the expression of COL?1 compared with the control group ( P=0?000) . The radiation group had significant increases in the activity of T?SOD and the concentration of MDA in the myocardial tissue compared with the control group ( T?SOD:156?61 U/mgprot vs. 137?06 U/mgprot, P= 0?042;MDA:2?36 nmol/mgprot vs. 1?31 U/mgprot, P=0?007) . Compared with the control group, the radiation group showed significant increases in the expression of endoplasmic reticulum stress?related proteins GRP 7 8 and CHOP ( P= 0?037 and 0?009 ) . Conclusions The pathological manifestations of acute?stage myocardial damage include degeneration of cardiomyocytes, inflammatory exudation in the interstitium, and deposition of collagen in the perivascular area and myocardial interstitium. Myocardial fibrosis can be observed in the acute stage of radiation?induced myocardial damage, and the mechanism may be related to oxidative stress and endoplasmic reticulum stress induced by radioactive rays.

7.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 899-903, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304479

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the patterns and influencing factors of lymph node metastasis in limited esophageal small cell carcinoma (PESCC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 98 limited stage PESCC patients who underwent surgery were selected for this study. The lymph node metastasis ratio at different sites, depth of invasion, tumor length and other factors were analyzed to assess their influence on lymph node metastasis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 98 PESCC cases, 46 cases had lymph node metastasis (46.9%). 100 out of 833 lymph nodes had metastasis, with a metastasis ratio of 12.0%. For upper thoracic esophageal small cell carcinomas, lymph node metastasis ratios were 42.9%, 12.5%, 0 and 0 in the superior mediastinum, middle mediastinum, inferior mediastinum and abdominal cavity, respectively. In the middle thoracic PESCCs, the lymph node metastasis ratios were 18.8%, 7.7%, 15.7%, and 15.3%, respectively. In the lower thoracic PESCCs, the lymph node metastasis ratios were 0, 0, 27.3% and 23.5%, respectively. Lymph node metastasis rates in PESCCs at stages T1, T2, T3, T4 were 15.4%, 42.3%, 63.9%, and 80.0%, respectively. The lymph node metastasis ratios in PESCCs at stages T1, T2, T3, T4 were 2.0%, 8.3%, 17.8% and 25.0%, respectively. Lymph node metastasis rate and lymph node metastasis ratio at different T stages were of significant difference (P<0.05 for all). Lymph node metastasis rates in patients with tumor <3 cm, 3-5 cm, and >5 cm were 30.6%, 46.9% and 66.7%, respectively, and lymph node metastasis ratios were 5.4%, 11.0% and 21.1%, respectively. Lymph node metastasis rate and lymph node metastasis ratio in patients with different tumor length had significant differences (P<0.05 for all). Lymph node metastasis ratio was 11.6% in the Chr-A negative and weak positive group, much higher than 4.3% in the Chr-A positive group (P=0.013). There was a tendency that lymph node metastasis ratio of NSE-positive group was higher than that of NSE-negative and weak positive group (P=0.069). The logistic univariate analysis did not find high risk factors of distant lymph node metastasis (all P>0.05). Logistic multivariate analysis found that only depth of invasion was a risk factor of lymph node metastasis in limited PESCC (P=0.002).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Esophagus small cell carcinomas sometimes have early lymph node metastases in many sites and distant range. The middle thoracic PESCCs tend to have extensive metastasis quite common in the upper mediastinal lymph nodes. Lower mediastinal and abdominal lymph node metastases are often seen in lower thoracic PESCCs. The depth of invasion and tumor length are main factors influencing mediastinal lymph node metastasis. The depth of invasion is an independent risk factor for lymph node metastasis.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Abdominal Cavity , Carcinoma, Small Cell , Pathology , Esophageal Neoplasms , Pathology , Lymph Nodes , Pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Mediastinum , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Risk Factors
8.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 929-933, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243832

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of HIF-1α on adhesion and invasion of human nasopharyngeal carcinoma CNE-1 cells under hypoxia and underlying molecular mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>CoCl₂was used to mimic tumor hypoxic microenvironment. mRNA and protein expressions of HIF-1α, E-cadherin and CXCR4 in CNE-1 cells at different hypoxic time phases were detected by RT-PCR and ELISA respectively. The influences of silencing HIF-1α using RNA interference on E-cadherin and CXCR4 expressions were evaluated. Adhesion test Transwell invasion test were used to evaluate the effects of HIF-1α gene silencing on cell adhesion and invasion.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Under hypoxia, HIF-1α mRNA expression in CNE-1 cells was stable, but its protein expression increased obviously (P<0.05). Both mRNA and protein expressions of E-cadherin were decreased significantly with prolonged hypoxia, while mRNA and protein expressions of CXCR4 increased significantly (P<0.05). After silencing HIF-1α gene, expression of E-cadherin protein was up-regulated, but with down-regulated expression of CXCR4 protein, with a decrease significantly in adhesion rate or invasive cell number of CNE-1 cells (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Hypoxia can increase HIF-1α protein expression in nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell line CNE-1. Silencing HIF-1α by RNA interference can reduce inhesion and invasion abilities of CNE-1 cells, which may be mediated by down-regulating E-cadherin expression and up-regulating CXCR4 expression.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Cadherins , Genetics , Metabolism , Carcinoma , Cell Hypoxia , Cell Line, Tumor , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Genetics , Metabolism , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology , RNA Interference , RNA, Messenger , Receptors, CXCR4 , Genetics , Metabolism
9.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 27-30, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-443236

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of GTV volume on response of esophageal carcinoma.Methods From Jan.2004 to Dec.2008,72 cases newly diagnosed N0 stage thoracic esophageal carcinomas were included in this retrospective study.All treatment plans were set up and designed by CT simulator and 3D TPS.They received dose 56-70 Gy/27-33F/6-7w with 6MV X-ray.The GTV,the tumor length and maximum diameters were measured on the treatment planning system with the X-ray.RECIST standard was applied to evaluate the radiotherapy response of esophageal carcinoma.The effectiveness of related prognostic factors on survival was evaluated by univariate analyses.Results The short-term response with CR were 79% with length < 5 cm,48% with 5-7 cm and 26% with length >7 cm(P =0.003).The 1-,2-,3-and 5-year survival rates were 93%,79%,69%,69% ; 91%,61%,46%,46% and 80%,46%,28%,22% (P =0.037).The short-term response with CR were 56% with maximum diameters ≤3 cm and 33% with maximum diameters > 3 cm(P =0.033).The 1-,2-,3-and 5-year survival rates were 91%,72%,55%,37% and 80%,45%,30%,30% (P =0.037).The short-term response with CR were 52% with GTV volume≤40 cm3 and 30% with GTV volume >40 cm3(P =0.059).The 1-,2-,3-and 5-year survival rates were 91%,67%,51%,41% and 80%,43%,27%,27% (P =0.047).In the multivariate analysis,the length of GTV was likely to be the most important factor for the short-term response(P =0.005,0.014).Conclusions GTV volume,the tumor length and maximum diameters are factors for short-term response of N0 stage esophageal carcinoma.The GTV length is independent prognostic factor.The GTV length is the worse the prognosis will be.

10.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 593-599, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304442

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1α(HIF-1α) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and its correlation with clinicopathological features.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Original literatures in foreign languages regarding correlation between HIF-1α and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma were identified from Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMbase database, and Chinese original literatures were from CBM, CNKI. All analyses were performed by Stata 11.0 software. Histological grade, degree of differentiation, T stage, lymph node metastasis, tumor stage, lymphatic invasion and vascular invasion were analyzed using pooled odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 14 studies including 1 121 patients were enrolled in this meta analysis. Comparing with normal tissue, the expression of HIF-1α in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma was significantly enhanced (OR = 0.088, 95% CI: 0.061-0.129, P = 0.000); HIF-1α was significantly associated with T stage and lymph node metastasis (OR = 0.421, 95% CI: 0.222-0.798, P = 0.008; OR = 0.387, 95% CI: 0.207-0.725, P = 0.003). High expression of HIF-1α was correlated with an increased depth of tumor invasion, more lymph node metastasis and advanced tumor stage, whereas there was no relation to the degree of differentiation, histological grade, tumor stage, lymphatic invasion and vascular invasion.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>High expression of HIF-1α protein correlates with an increased risk of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. HIF-1α may be an indicator for T stage, lymph node metastasis and tumor stage, but further studies are needed.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers, Tumor , Metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Metabolism , Pathology , Confidence Intervals , Esophageal Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Metabolism , Lymphatic Metastasis , Odds Ratio
11.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 708-712, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272305

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the efficacy and safety of pegylated recombinant human granulocyte colony stimulating factor (PEG-rhG-CSF) in the salvage therapy for the grade IV neutropenia induced by concurrent chemoradiotherapy, and to provide evidence for its clinical rational application.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>114 malignant tumor patients suffered with grade IV neutropenia induced by concurrent chemoradiotherapy were treated in the following groups. In the P-50 group, 42 patients received a single subcutaneous injection of 50 µg/kg PEG-rhG-CSF. In the P-100 group, 30 patients received a single subcutaneous injection of 100 µg/kg PEG-rhG-CSF. In the P+R group, 22 patients received a single subcutaneous injection of 50 µg/kg PEG-rhG-CSF and multiple subcutaneous injections of 5 µg×kg(-1)×d(-1) rhG-CSF, until the absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 2.0×10(9)/L. In the R group, 20 patients received multiple subcutaneous injections of 5 µg×kg(-1)×d(-1) rhG-CSF, until ANC ≥ 2.0×10(9)/L. The P-50, P-100 and P+R groups were experimental groups, and the R group was defined as control group. In each group, the neutrophil proliferation rate and the neutrophil counts at different time points, the period of neutropenia symptom relief, and the rate of adverse reactions induced by above drugs were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Both neutrophil proliferation rates and neutrophil counts in the patients of experimental groups at different time points were significantly higher than those in the control group. In the experimental groups the period of the clinical effect began in 12-24 hours, and the conditions of neutropenia were improved in 36 hours. In the experimental groups, the period of the symptom relief such as fever and skeletal muscle pain was (30.00 ± 7.48) hours and (30.00 ± 5.10) hours, respectively, significantly shorter than (72.00 ± 17.89) hours and (59.00 ± 11.46) hours in the control group (P < 0.05). The adverse drug reaction rate was 26.1% in the experimental groups and 25.0% in the control group (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>For the treatment of grade IV neutropenia induced by concurrent chemoradiotherapy, PEG-rhG-CSF is effective and safe. The recommend dose of this drug for the salvage therapy for those patients is a single hypodermal injection of 50 µg/kg. Usually it becomes effective in 12-24 hours.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Chemoradiotherapy , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Genetics , Metabolism , Injections, Subcutaneous , Leukocyte Count , Neutropenia , Neutrophils , Recombinant Proteins , Salvage Therapy , Methods
12.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 340-342, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-427086

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate correlation factors of cervical lymph nodes metastasis in thoracic esophageal carcinoma.MethodsLocal-regional metastasis of lymph node for 126 cases with esophageal squamous cell cancer after surgery from 2004 to 2009 were reviewed.Risk factors of cervical lymph nodes metastasis were examined by multiple Logistic regression analysis.ResultsIn 126 cases,supraclavicular lymph node metastasis rate was 43.7% (55/126).By logistic regression,none of the primary site,T stage,N stage,histological grade,lymph node metastasis rate,lymph node metastasis degree and number of lymph nodes metastatic field was not the high risk of cervical lymph nodes metastasis.In addition,multivariate analysis found that lymph node metastasis in mediastinum region 1 was high risk factor for lymph node metastasis of region 1 ( x2 =12.14,9.27,P =0.000,0.002),lymph node metastasis in region Ⅲ and region 2 were high risk factors for lymph node metastasis of region Ⅱa ( x2 =14.56,8.27,8.02,3.93,P =0.000,0.004,0.005,0.047 ).ConclusionMediastinal para-recurrent nerve lymph node metastasis is a significant predictor for cervical lymph nodes metastasis.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 488-491, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-420680

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of TGF-β1 and IL-1β expression in serum on acute radiation-induced heart disease (RIHD) in patients with thoracic tumors.Methods Three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) or intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) was delivered at 1.8-2.0 Gy,5 times per week to a total dose of 50-66 Gy to 44 patients with lung cancer and 10 patients with esophagus cancer.The target and organs at risk dose distribution were analyzed by 3-dimensiond treatment planning system.The expressions of TGF-β1 and IL-1β in serum were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay before and at the end of the irradiation.The cardiac injury was evaluated by detecting the cmyocardium creatase,cardiac troponin I (cTnI),electrocardiogram and cardiac function before and at the end of the irradiation within 90 d.The acute RIHD was evaluated by the Common Terminology Criteria V 3.0 (NCI-CTCAE 3.0).The expressions of TGF-β1 and IL-1β in the serum of RIHD patients with thoracic tumors were analyzed.Results The expression of TGF-β1 in serum was (888.4 ± 41.1) μg/L before the irradiation and approached to (926.1 ± 23.1) μg/L at the end of the radiotherapy.The expression level of TGF-β1 in the serum of acute RIDH group was (900.6 ± 34.5) μg/L,higher than that of normal group [(865.7 ±47.0) μg/L,t =-2.646,P <0.05)].The acute RIDH was correlated with the expression level of TGF-β1 before irradiation and the difference before and at the end of irradiation (r =0.378,0.311,P <0.05).The IL-1β expression had no significant difference before and after irradiation.The expression of TGF-β1 in serum before and at the end of irradiation had positive correlation with the expression of IL-1β at the end of the irradiation (r =0.416,0.389,P < 0.05).Conclusions The expression of TGF-β1 in the serum of patients with thoracic tumor increases after irradiation and correlated with the acute RIHD,but the expression of IL-1β in serum has no relationship with RIHD.TGF-β1 could induce the expression of IL-1β at the end of the irradiation.

14.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 118-121, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-414070

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the local-regional recurrence in thoracic esophageal cancer after radical surgery including two-field lymph node dissection and provide evidence for postoperative radiotherapy. Methods We reviewed local-regional recurrence for 134 cases with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma after radical surgery from 2004 to 2009. Results In 134 cases, lymph node metastasis rate,anastomosis recurrence rate and tumor bed recurrence rate was 94. 0%, 9. 7% and 3.7%, respectively. As to the 126 cases with lymph node metastasis, significant difference was detected between mediastinal metastasis, supraclavicular metastasis and abdominal lymph node metastasis (80. 2%, 43.7% and 13.5%,respectively, χ2= 113. 15, P = 0. 000). Furthermore, the relative metastasis rate in upper mediastinum,middle mediastinum and the lower mediastinum was 73.8%, 39.7% and 1.6%, respectively, the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 = 139. 11, P = 0. 000 ). Significant difference was identified between right and left supraclavicular lymph node metastasis (31.7% vs 16. 7%, χ2= 7. 81, P = 0. 005 ).To confirm the analysis above,lymph node metastasis rate of left recurrent laryngeal nerve nodes, (including region 1L, 2L, 4L and 5) ,right recurrent laryngeal nerve nodes, azygos nodes, subcarinal nodes, and 2R region was 38.9%, 43.7%, 15.1%, 34.1% and 25.4%, respectively. Conclusions The main characteristics of local-regional recurrence may be lymph node metastasis for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma after radical surgery. On the contrary, tumor bed recurrence is rare. Dangerous regions include supraclavicular nodes, recurrent laryngeal nerve nodes, azygos nodes as well as subcarinal nodes.

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