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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 112-119, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999167

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe and compare the electrocardiogram index, myocardial morphology, and connexin 43 (Cx43) expression of two rat models of acute cerebral infarction (ACI) due to stasis combined with toxin complicated with cerebral-cardiac syndrome (CCS), and to provide experimental evidence for the research on the occurrence mechanism of cardiac diseases induced by ACI and the clinical diagnosis and treatment of CCS. MethodSixty SPF-grade male SD rats were randomized into six groups (n=10): normal , syndrome of stasis combined with toxin induced by carrageenin combined with dry yeast (CA/Y), multi-infarct induced by micro-embolism (ME), middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), CA/Y+ME, and CA/Y+MCAO groups. The model of syndrome of stasis combined with toxin was established by intraperitoneal injection with carrageenan (CA) at 10 mg·kg-1 on the first day and subcutaneous injection with dry yeast (Y) suspension (2 mg·kg-1) on the second day of modeling. Twenty-four hours after the modeling of ACI, the electrocardiograms (ECGs) of rats in each group were collected and the number/percentage (%) of abnormal ECG was calculated. The infarct area of the brain was evaluated by 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining, and myocardial injury was assessed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Immumohistochemical staining and Western blot were employed to determine the expression of Cx43 in the myocardium. ResultA certain number of rats in each model group presented abnormal ECG. Compared with the normal group and CA/Y group, CA/Y+MCAO group had the highest rate of abnormal ECG (P<0.01). Compared with the normal, CA/Y, ME, and CA/Y+ME groups, the CA/Y+ME and CA/Y+MCAO groups showed decreased amplitudes of P-wave and T-wave, shortened P-R interval, and extended Q-T interval, which were particularly obvious in the CA/Y+MCAO group (P<0.05, P<0.01) and in accordance with the cerebral infarction area and pathological changes. The expression of Cx43 was up-regulated in both CA/Y+ME and CA/Y+MCAO groups, especially in the CA/Y+MCAO group (P<0.01). ConclusionThe two rat models of ACI due to stasis combined with toxin complicated with CCS can be used to study the mechanism of heart diseases caused by cerebrovascular diseases and the therapeutic effects of Chinese medicines with the functions of resolving stasis and detoxifying. Moreover, the CA/Y+MCAO method has higher abnormal electrocardiogram rate, severer myocardial pathological injury, and higher expression of Cx43 protein. The models can be chosen according to specific experimental purpose.

2.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 2295-2299, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998577

ABSTRACT

Brain diseases in traditional Chinese medicine were complex and difficult to diagnosis and treatment, and new diagnostic and therapeutic ideas are urgently needed. The onset of the disease was the result of the struggle between healthy qi and pathogenic qi. Common types of the onset of diseases included sudden onset, slow onset, latent onset, secondary onset, and recurrent onset, reflecting the strength of the healthy qi and pathogenic qi, the pathogenic qi that reduced diseases, the site of onset, and other informatin. “Identificating the onset of diseases” was simple and easy to operate, and helped to clarify the complex development of encephalopathy. When applying it, we should first identify urgency and importance, focus on the characteristics; grasp the tendency of diseases, and know the overall situation of the disease; compare similarities and differences horizontally; and carefully observe and dynamically understand the disease. “Identificating the onset of diseases” has the characteristics of comprehensiveness and prognosis, and can lay the foundation for pattern identification and treatment and “treating disease before its onset”.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 72-78, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973747

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo screen and establish animal models of combined stasis and toxin syndrome based on the comparison of three modeling methods, i.e., carrageenan (Ca), Ca combined with dried yeast (Ca+Yeast), and Ca combined with lipopolysaccharide (Ca+LPS). MethodForty SPF male SD rats were randomly divided into normal group, Ca group, Ca+Yeast group, and Ca+LPS group, with 10 rats in each group. The Ca group, Ca+Yeast group, and Ca+LPS group received an intraperitoneal injection of Ca (10 mg·kg-1) on the first day. The Ca+LPS group received an intraperitoneal injection of LPS (50 μg·kg-1) on the second day, and the Ca+Yeast group received a subcutaneous injection of dry yeast suspension (2 mg·kg-1) on the back on the second day. The rectal temperature of each group was dynamically observed after modeling. After 24 hours of modeling, the macroscopic evaluation indexes, including tongue manifestation, pulse, and black tail length in each group were observed. The PeriCam PSI imaging system was used to detect the blood flow perfusion of the rat tail. The automatic hemorheology analyzer was used to measure the whole blood viscosity and plasma viscosity of each group. The PL platelet function analyzer was used to detect the platelet aggregation rate of the rats. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the interleukin-6 (IL-6) level in the rat plasma. The myocardial tissue, brain tissue, and lung tissue of each group of rats were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. ResultCompared with the normal group, all three model groups showed varying degrees of black tail (P<0.05, P<0.01), reduced blood flow perfusion at the tail end (P<0.05, P<0.01), decreased R, G, and B values of tongue manifestation (P<0.05, P<0.01), and increased maximum platelet aggregation rate (P<0.05, P<0.01). The pulse amplitudes of the Ca+Yeast group and the Ca+LPS group were lower than that of the normal group (P<0.05, P<0.01). In addition, the average rectal temperature of the Ca+Yeast group increased after 24 hours of modeling (P<0.01), and the low-, medium-, and high-shear whole blood viscosity and plasma viscosity increased (P<0.05, P<0.01) as compared with those in the normal group. Additionally, the expression level of the plasma inflammatory factor IL-6 was significantly up-regulated (P<0.05). Pathological morphology results showed that the Ca+Yeast group had the most severe pathological changes, with small foci of myocardial fiber dissolution, inflammatory cell infiltration, and fibroblast proliferation observed. In the hippocampal area, the neurons were sparse and had undergone red degeneration. In the small focus of the lung interstitium, lymphocytes and neutrophils were infiltrated. ConclusionThe animal model of combined stasis and toxin syndrome was properly established using Ca+Yeast. The systematic evaluation system of the model, which includes traditional Chinese medicine four diagnostic information, western medicine microscopic indicators, and tissue pathological morphology, is worthy of consideration and reference by researchers.

4.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1877-1884, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987273

ABSTRACT

As the guiding theory for the diagnosis and treatment of encephalopathy in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), The marrow sea theory has important theoretical connotation and clinical value. This paper summarized the clinical research literature on the differentiation and treatment of common encephalopathy based on the marrow sea theory published in recent years, analyzed the treatment method and effects from eight aspects in terms of stroke, dizziness, insomnia, headache, constraint syndrome, dementia, tremor syndrome, and atrophy syndrome, and discussed the possible mechanism based on the relevant basic research. It is believed that marrow sea depletion is the common pathogenesis of encephalopathy in TCM. Guided by the method of supplementing essence and boosting marrow, the corresponding formulas and medicinals are recommended in accordance with differentiated syndromes, which can effectively improve the symptoms of the disease, delay the progression, increase the daily life ability of the patients, and improve the quality of life. Based on the marrow sea theory, the method of supplementing essence and boosting marrow, rectifying healthy qi and dispelling pathogen can be used to highlight the advantages of TCM and provide ideas for the diagnosis and treatment of encephalopathy in TCM.

5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 155-162, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996822

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo summarize the thinking of treatment of headache based on syndrome differentiation by reviewing the literature of materia medica in the past dynasties, so as to guide the clinical practice. MethodAll the literature of materia medica in the Chinese Medical Dictionary, involving 76 works from Han to Qing Dynasties, were searched, and the information of the herbs for treating headache was extracted. According to Chinese Materia Medica (11th Edition) and Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China (2020 Edition), the nature, taste, and meridian tropism of the selected herbs were statistically analyzed, and the syndrome elements of headache were classified and counted. In addition, the contents of syndrome differentiation and treatment of headache by different herbs were extracted. ResultFrom the 76 monographs of materia medica in the past dynasties, 114 herbs for treating headache were selected. The herbs mainly had cold or warm nature, pungent or bitter taste, and tropism to the lung and live meridians. The syndrome elements of headache treated by the herbs mainly included wind attack, fire disturbance, turbid obstruction, stagnation, cold coagulation, and healthy Qi deficiency. ConclusionHeadache is mainly treated with the herbs with the effects of dispelling pathogenic wind, clearing heat and purging fire, eliminating phlegm and resolving dampness, regulating Qi movement and activating blood, warming Yang and dispelling cold, and tonifying deficiency and reinforcing healthy Qi, and the herbs are often used in combinations. Headache is treated following the principles of dispelling wind and pathogen, regulating Qi and blood, and tonifying deficiency and purging excess, which is in line with the laws of obstruction and nutrient deficiency causing pain.

6.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 772-776, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989704

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the prescription and medication law of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) compounds in the treatment of vascular dementia (VD) based on patent database.Methods:TCM compounds with patents about VD were retrieved from Chinese patent announcement website of the State Intellectual Property Office and CNKI. The retrieval time was from the establishment to the databases to 31 st, March 2022. The frequency, clusteringand association analysis were carried out with the help of TCM inheritance auxiliary platform (V2.5). The medication law was analyzed. Results:154 TCM compound patents for the treatment of vascular dementia were screened, involving 227 kinds of Chinese materia medica. Among them, Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma (44 times, 28.57%) was used more frequently, and the common medicinal pair was Salviea Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma- Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma (17 times, 11.03%). The medicinal property was mainly warm, the taste was mainly sweet, and the meridian was mainly liver meridian. Those with high confidence based on association rules were " Corni Fructus -Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma" (0.90), " Corni Fructus -Rehmannize Radix et Praeparata" (0.90). Based on the complex network, it was concluded that the core drugs were 14 groups such as " Rehmannize Radix et Praeparata- Cistanches Herba- Corni Fructus". The new prescriptions extracted by entropy cluster analysis included 7 groups such as " Rehmannize Radix et Praeparata, Cistanches Herba, Corni Fructus and Asparagi Radix". Conclusion:The treatment of VD by TCM compounds with national patents is mainly based on tonifying deficiency, promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis, eliminating phlegm and dampness, expelling wind and dredging collaterals, opening orifices and resuscitation, which can provide reference for clinical practice and new drug research and development.

7.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 2027-2032, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988809

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the medication rules of traditional Chinese medicine compounds for depression in the National Patent Database using data mining, and to provide ideas for the clinical treatment and the development of new drugs for depression. MethodsThe patent data of traditional Chinese medicine compounds for the treatment of depression were searched from inception to July 1st, 2022 on the Patent Publication Announcement website of China National Intellectual Property Administration. The selected traditional Chinese medicine compounds were analyzed by using the data mining section of the ancient and modern medical record cloud platform (V2.3.5) for drug frequency, and based on this, the nature, flavor, channel entry and function of the medicinals were analyzed. Representative high-frequency herbal combinations were obtained through correlation analysis, while the classification of Chinese medicine compounds for depression was analyzed by cluster analysis, and the core combinations of herbs for the treatment of depression were screened out using complex network analysis. ResultsA total of 325 Chinese medicine compounds were included, involving 452 herbs, with a total frequency of 3532 times. The top 10 mostly used herbs were Yujin (Radix Curcumae, 122 times), Chaihu (Radix Bupleuri, 122 times), Baishao (Radix Paeoniae Alba, 109 times), Suanzaoren (Spina Date Seed, 95 times), Fuling (Poria, 94 times), Danggui (Radix Angelicae Sinensis, 94 times), Yuanzhi (Radix Polygalae, 84 times), Baizhu (Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae, 72 times), Shichangpu (Rhizoma Acori Graminei, 71 times), and Danshen (Salvia Miltiorrhiza, 61 times). The natures of the herbs were mainly warm (998 times), neutral (944 times), slightly cold (596 times) and cold (497 times); the flavors were mainly sweet (1648 times), acrid (1392 times), and bitter (1337 times); the channels of entry were mainly liver (1695 times), heart (1521 times), spleen (1326 times) and lung (1268 times). The medicinals with the function of soothing liver to relieve constraint, moistening the intestines to promote defecation, calming the heart and the mind, moving qi to relieve constraint were used more frequently. The high frequency herbal combinations by association analysis included “Chaihu (Radix Bupleuri)→ Baishao (Radix Paeoniae Alba)”, “Danggui (Radix Angelicae Sinensis)→Chaihu (Radix Bupleuri)” and “Baishao (Radix Paeoniae Alba)→ Yujin (Radix Curcumae)”. The 22 high frequency medicinals used more than 40 times could be clustered into six categories. Complex network analysis found the core herbal combination for the treatment of depression was the formula of Chaihu (Radix Bupleuri), Yujin (Radix Curcumae), Baishao (Radix Paeoniae Alba), Danggui (Radix Angelicae Sinensis), Fuling (Poria), Suanzaoren (Spina Date Seed), and Xiangfu (Cyperi Rhizoma). ConclusionTraditional Chinese medicine compounds for the treatment of depression is mainly based on the pathogenesis of constraint, stasis and deficiency, focusing on the liver, heart, spleen and lung, commonly using medicinals with the function of soothing liver to relieve constraint, fortifying spleen and nourishing heart, regulating qi and invigorating blood, and moistening the intestines to promote defecation, which can provide a reference for the clinical treatment and new drug research and development for depression.

8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 185-193, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960922

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo discuss the thought of treatment of orifices in the Chinese herbal classics in the past dynasties based on the correspondence between drugs and symptoms to guide the clinical treatment based on syndrome differentiation. MethodAll the literature data of Chinese herbal classics were retrieved from the database of the Chinese Medical Dictionary, involving 76 works of Chinese herbal classics and covering representative works from the Han dynasty to the Ming and Qing dynasties. The information on Chines herbal drugs for the treatment of orifices was collected and sorted out. According to Chinese Materia Medica (11th Edition) and Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China (2020 Edition), the nature, flavor, and meridian tropism of the selected Chinese herbal drugs were statistically analyzed. The pathogenesis elements in the treatment of orifices were classified and counted, and the contents of syndrome differentiation and treatment in various Chinese herbal classics were extracted. ResultIn 76 Chinese herbal classics in the past dynasties, 93 Chinese herbal drugs for the treatment of orifices were selected. The nature of drugs was mainly warm, followed by cold and mild. The flavor was mainly pungent, followed by bitter and sweet. In terms of meridian tropism, drugs mainly acted on the lung meridian, followed by stomach, heart, liver, spleen, and kidney meridians. The pathogenesis elements of orifices could be divided into six categories, i.e., wind invasion, turbid obstruction and Qi stagnation, water and dampness stagnation, blood stasis and collaterals blockage, heat and toxin damage, deficiency of vital Qi and cold coagulation. ConclusionOrifices are mainly treated with drugs effective in dispelling wind and pathogenic factors, resolving turbidity and removing stagnation, inducing diuresis and eliminating dampness, promoting blood circulation and dredging collaterals, clearing heat and purging fire, tonifying deficiency and dispelling cold, which are used in combination. Eliminating pathogenic factors and dredging, tonifying deficiency and purging excess are the main characteristics of treatment of orifices based on syndrome differentiation, which is in line with the physiological dysfunction state of orifices in losing the function, evil Qi blockage and healthy Qi deficiency.

9.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 324-328, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882590

ABSTRACT

Serbia is a parliamentary republic country in Southeast Europe. It implements a health security system with social insurance as the mainstay and social assistance as a supplement. Ischemic heart disease, stroke and Alzheimer’s disease are the major causes of death, and the mortality rates of cardiomyopathy and chronic kidney disease are increasing. Serbia has relevant legislation on traditional medicine. Acupuncture, as the main form of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), has been introduced to Serbia in an early stage. Acupuncture was recognized as a legal medical method in 2005, and then the corresponding educational institutions of TCM were established soon. However, the limitation of acupuncture treatment application, difficulty in access to Chinese medicine, and undeveloped of TCM education system, all of them restrict the development of TCM in Serbia. It is recommended to improve the development and dissemination of Chinese medicine in Serbia, like to increase the promotion of acupuncture, pay attention to the Chinese medicine for preventive health care, and strengthen TCM education.

10.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 6-11, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882556

ABSTRACT

Iraq is a multi-ethnic, multi-religious federal country located in southwest Asia and northeast of the Arabian Peninsula. Medical insurance is based on the primary health care model, supplemented by private medical care. Traditional medicine in Iraq is dominated by Islamic medicine. With the support of the Chinese government, the first Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) center was established in 2000. However, due to safety issues, the management of the center had problems such as insufficient staff, limited medical experience, and non-persistentsupport. At present, TCM has not been included in the Iraqi medical insurance system, which has affected the people’s medical choice and hindered the development of TCM. It is recommended to strengthen the construction of existing TCM centers, improve the accessibility of TCM education, and strengthen the cooperation and exchanges of traditional medicine between the two countries to promote the spread and development of TCM in Iraq.

11.
Chinese Journal of Biochemical Pharmaceutics ; (6): 70-72, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-478126

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of Xueshuantong injection on levels of inflammatory factors and homocysteine (Hcy) in patients with acute cerebral infarction.Methods 128 patients of acute cerebral infarction who received therapy in the hospital from January 2014 to May 2015 were collected as research objects to retrospectively analyze their clinical materials.According to therapeutic schemes, those patients were divided into control group (n=62) and observation group (n=66).The control group were given conventional treatments, such as anti-platelet aggregation, lipid regulation, maintaining balance of water-electrolyte and acid-base, controlling blood glucose, controlling blood pressure and so on.Besides that, the observation group were given Xueshuantong injection.After two weeks treatment, the curative efficacy, levels of inflammatory factors as high-sensitivity C reactive protein (hs-CRP), tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α), interleukin 8 (IL-8), Hcy and adverse reactions were compared.Results The total efficacy of observation group was 93.9%, which was statistically higher than that of 80.6%in control group (χ2 =5.166,P=0.023).After treatment, hs-CRP, TNF-α, IL-8 levels in observation group were significantly lower than those in control group (all P<0.05).After one and two weeks treatment, The Hcy level in observation group was statistically lower than that in control group ( all P<0.05 ).The adverse reactions in observation group was 8 cases ( 12.1%), 6 cases ( 9.7%) in control group, with no significant difference between two groups (χ2 =0.196, P =0.658 ). Conclusion Xueshuantong injection is effective in treatment of acute cerebral infarction, which could significantly increase curative efficacy, alleviate inflammatory reaction and reduce level of Hcy with less adverse reactions.

12.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 4510-4512, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501184

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To probe into the characteristics and general pattern of new ADR in our hospital. METHODS:A to-tal of 151 new ADR cases reported to Nationwide ADR Monitoring Network by our hospital during 2013 to 2014 were analyzed statistically. RESULTS:Of the 151 ADR cases,males(56.29%)showed higher proportion than females(43.71%);most of ADR cases were induced by anti-infective agents,including 45 cases(29.80%). ADR cases most easily induced by injection and intrave-nous dripping,accounting for 83.44% and 91.39 %,respectively. Lesions of skin and its appendants were most common clinical manifestations of ADR,which accounted for 28.82%(66 cases). There were 10 new and severe ADR cases(6.62%). All of ADR cases were cured or improved. CONCLUSIONS:More attention should be paid to ADR monitoring especially indication of anti-in-fective agent to reduce the occurrence of ADR.

13.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 2244-2248, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483838

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate whether Mycoplasma pneumoniae ( Mp)-induced interleukin-1β( IL-1β) pro-duction in RAW264.7 cells is through the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome via reactive oxygen species (ROS).ME-THODS:RAW264.7 cells were randomly divided into 3 groups.In normal group , RAW264.7 cells were treated without Mp.In model group, RAW264.7 cells were treated with 1∶10 multiplicity of infection ( MOI) of Mp.In NAC group, RAW264.7 cells were pretreated with N-acetylcysteine ( NAC) at a concentration of 5 mmol/L for 30 min before infection with Mp.The RAW264.7cells were infected with Mp (1∶10 MOI) for 4, 8, 16 and 24 h in model group and NAC group , respectively.The intracellular ROS level was analyzed by flow cytometry .The mRNA expressions of NLRP3, ASC and caspase-1 were detected by real-time PCR.The protein levels of NLRP3, ASC and caspase-1 p20 were determined by Western blot.The levels of pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-1βin the supernatant were measured by ELISA .RESULTS:Compared with normal group , the production of ROS were significantly increased at 4, 8, 16 and 24 h after infection, the mRNA expression of NLRP3, ASC and caspase-1 were increased at 8, 16 and 24 h after infection, the protein levels of NL-RP3, ASC and caspase-1 p20 were increased at 16 and 24 h after infection, and the releases of IL-1βwere increased at 24 h after infection in model group (P<0.01).Compared with the model group, the level of ROS in NAC group decreased, so as the expression of NLRP3, ASC and caspase-1 at mRNA and protein levels and the releases of IL-1βin the superna-tant at the corresponding time points .CONCLUSION:Mp may stimulate the ROS production to activate NLRP 3 inflam-masome in RAW264.7 cells.

14.
World Science and Technology-Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 723-730, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-671770

ABSTRACT

Objective: In China, doctors at TCM hospitals and clinics often divide patients with a Western medicine (WM) disease into several syndrome classes from the TCM perspective and treat patients in different classes using different principles. A key problem is how to carry out the classification properly. We propose an evidence-based ap-proach for solving the problem where evidence is obtained by analyzing unlabeled symptom data using latent tree models.Method: In previous work, we have shown how latent tree analysis of symptom data can be used to identify TCM syndrome classes among patients with a WM disease. In the paper, we investigate how to establish classification rules for distinguishing between the classes.Results: We have applied the method to a data set about Vascular Mild Cognitive Impairment that involves 93 symptoms and 803 patients. Nine syndrome types are identified, along with the corresponding classification rules. Conclusions: An evidence-based approach to the TCM patient classification prob-lem has been developed. The approach can be used to answer the following questions about a WM disease: What TCM syndrome classes are there? What are the sizes of the classes? What are the statistical characteristics of each class? How can one differentiate between the different classes?

15.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 22-25,29, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598632

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate characteristics of symptoms, tongue and pulse of high-risk group of stroke, and provide evidence of differential treatment for stroke prevention, diagnosis and treatment of stroke, thus laying a solid foundation on further study of differential treatment system of high-risk groups of stroke. Methods With prospective observational method, 2536 cases of stroke were selected by multi-center screening, and characteristics of TCM symptoms, tongue, pulse and syndrome distribution in different gender and age were observed. Results The top five symptoms were:blurred vision (1670 cases, 65.9%), irritability (1458 cases, 57.5%), limp or pain on waist and knees (1445 cases, 57.1%), dizziness (1286 cases, 50.7%) and dry eyes (1274 cases, 50.2%). The top five tongue and pulse were:white moss (1401 cases, 55.2%), thin moss (1260 cases, 49.7%), string pulse (1201 cases, 47.4%), dark tongue (1168 cases, 46.1%) and red tongue (1027 cases, 40.5%). The detection rate of dizziness, insomnia, white coating, thin coating, etc. were higer in women than that in man (P<0.01). The detection rate of teeth shaking, greasy fur, yellow fur, string pulse, etc. were higher in man than that in woman (P<0.01). The detection rate of teeth shaking, dry eyes, thirst, dark tongue, red tongue, string pulse, etc. in the elderly group were higher than the middle-aged one (P<0.01). The detection rate of irritability, numbness, shortness of breath, scalloped tongue, thin coating, deep pulse, etc. in the middle-aged group was higher than the aged one (P<0.01). Conclusion The clinical manifestations of high-risk group of stroke are complicated. There were root deficiency such as deficiency of spleen and kidney, and branch excess such as wind-fire and phlegm-stasis. Difference and regularity were showed in different gender and different age groups to some extent.

16.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 6732-6736, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-475387

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Experimental studies have showed that puerarin has an obvious protective effect on osteoporosis in ovariectomized and orchiectomized mice. But the influence of puerarin in the molecular level in the process of osteoblast differentiation is seldom reported. OBJECTIVE:To observe the effect of puerarin on the mRNA expression of alkaline phosphatase, bone sialoprotein, osteopontin and osteocalcin in osteoblasts. METHODS:The MC3T3-E1 cells from mice cultured in vitro were randomly divided into control group, puerarin group (10-6 mol/L puerarin) and estradiol group (10-7 mol/L estradiol) to observe the effects of puerarin on the differentiation of osteoblasts. mRNA expression of alkaline phosphatase, bone sialoprotein, osteopontin and osteocalcin in MC3T3-E1 cells was determined using RT-PCR method. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Puerarin and estradiol both could prolong the expression of alkaline phosphatase that reached the peak at 12 days. Puerarin and estradiol strengthened the mRNA expression of bone sialoprotein at 10 and 12 days, reduced expression of osteopontin at 5 and 12 days, and increased expression of osteocalcin at 10 and 12 days. These results reveal that puerarin can induce the differentiation of cultured osteoblasts by influencing osteoblast differentiation-related protein mRNA expressions, which may be one of the important molecular mechanisms of puerarin for prevention of osteoporosis.

17.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1071-1074, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452601

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the integrity of white matter changes in patients with vascular mild cognitive impairment (VaMCI)based Leukoaraiosis.Methods The patients which appeared white matter hyperintensities in subcortical were performed psychological testing,then 48 VaMCI patients and 18 without cognitive impairment volunteers(NC)were choosed and performed DTI scanning,to determine the white matter’s values of FA and ADC in the following bilaterally symmetrical regions of interest(ROI):entorhinal cortex lobe,hippocampal vault,anterior of corpus callosum,posterior of corpus callosum,inferior frontal lobe,superior temporal lobe and angular gyrus of occipital lobe. Then the differences of the data of DTI between two groups and the relevance between neuropsychological score and DTI’s data were analysed.Results ADC values were significantly higher of VaMCI group in the left inferior frontal lobe,left anterior of corpus callo-sum,left hippocampus vault and right angular gyrus compared with NC group(P <0.05),and in the left hippocampus ADC values and MoCA scores was negatively correlated(r=-0.34,P =0.02).There was no significant difference of FA values between groups. Conclusion The ADC values in many cognitive related areas was reduced in VaMCI patients.

18.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 539-543, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451378

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of Dihuang-Yinzi on cognition and energy metabolism of AD (Alzheimer’s disease) mice. Methods 60 Male APPsw/PS1ΔE9 mice were divided into 5 groups model, positive drug (Aricept), high, medium and low dosage of Dihuang-Yinzi. C57BL/6J mice with same age were served as normal control. All groups were orally administrated for 150 days. The spatial memory and passive avoidance were measured. The energy charge, activity of complex I, II and IV of respiratory chain, enzymatic activity of ATPase and mitochondrial membrane potential were assayed. Results APPsw/PS1ΔE9 mice showed significant impairments in cognition and energy production [(0.39±0.02),(3.28± 0.37)μOD/(min?μg),(0.19±0.04)mOD/(min?μg),(0.26±0.03)mOD/(min?μg),(0.19±0.02),(0.30±0.03)、(3.49±0.73)]with compaired to normal control[(0.57±0.06),(8.74±1.57)μOD/(min?μg),(0.43± 0.02)mOD/(min?μg),(0.69±0.02)mOD/(min?μg),(0.65±0.02),(0.51±0.01),(7.41±1.28)]. Dihuang-Yinzi ameliorates cognition decline, promotes acitivity of energy production related enyzmes, and restores mitochondrial membrane potential in AD mice[(0.57 ± 0.07),(8.42 ± 1.74)μOD/(min ?μg),(0.64 ± 0.03)mOD/(min?μg),(0.68±0.04),(0.55±0.01),(6.69±1.03), P<0.01 or 0.05]. Conclusion Dihuang-Yinzi could improve cognition and energy metabolism of APPsw/PS1ΔE9 mice by protecting mitochondria from pathologic injury.

19.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 48-53, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-431322

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the changes of intraocular pressure (IOP) in 24 hours between obstructive sleep apnea syndrome(OSAS) and the non-obstructive sleep apnea syndrome(non-OSAS).Methods Sixty patients with OSAS were divided into two groups:OSAS group(n =30) and non-OSAS group (n =30).The following indicators were detected:(1) Awake oxygen saturation ((HSaO2) %),(2) The lowest oxygen saturation (LSaO2) %) ; (3) Mean oxygen saturation ((MSaO2 %)) ; (4) Oxygen desaturation index ((DI4),time/h:number of times that the hourly oxygen desaturation ≥ 4%) ; (5) The percentage of the time that oxygen saturation ≤ 90% accounts the total time ((SIT90)%) and 24-hour IOP.IOP was measured from early morning 5:00 and measured once every four hours.The measurement results were compared between two groups.Results There was no significant difference on age ((62.60 ± 12.44) years old vs (65.20 ± 10.66)years old,t =1.48),Course of disease ((22.40 ± 6.88) month vs (25.49 ± 7.22) month,t =1.97),gender (The ratio of male to female is(20/10)vs (17/13),x2 =0.007) between the OSAS and the non-OSAS(P >0.05).Value of AHI(h-1) ((27.9 ±6.0) vs (2.5 ±1.1),t =8.78),LSaO2 ((74.7 ±11.7)% vs (91.8 ±5.9)%,t=3.44),SIT90((13.2±12.4)% vs(0.2±1.1)%,t=9.92) and ODI4(h-1) ((28.9 ±13.9)vs (6.1 ±4.1),t =8.09) of OSAS was significantly higher than that of non-OSAS(P <0.05 or P <0.01).Value of IOP of 21:00 o'clock((20.61±4.15)mm Hg vs(19.60 ± 4.03)mm Hg,t =2.18),1:00 o'clock((23.12 ±3.11)mm Hg vs (20.60 ± 3.29) mm Hg,t =4.64) and 5:00 o' clock ((22.82 ± 2.99)mm Hg vs (17.21 ±3.55) mm Hg,t =4.23) of OSAS was significantly higher than that of non-OSAS (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01).The wave ((10.40 ± 2.85)mm Hg vs (8.40 ± 2.55) mm Hg,t =4.15) and maximal ((23.60 ± 3.29) mm Hg vs (21.23 ±3.43)mm-Hg,t =2.60) value of IOP of OSAS was significantly higher than that of non-OSAS(P <0.05 or P <0.01).There was no significant difference on minimum of IOP between the OSAS and the non-OSAS ((13.20 ± 4.08)mm Hg vs (12.70 ± 4.22) mm Hg,t =0.54,P > 0.05).Conclusion There are higher wave and maximal value of IOP in the patients of OSAS during the night.It is important to pay attention to IOP in order to protect those patients' visual function.

20.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 204-207, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432498

ABSTRACT

Objective To research the therapeutic effect of vitamin E in prevention and treatment of anemia in premature children.Methods We investigated 90 cases of premature children admitted to the neonatal ward of our hospital from December 2010 to December 2011.According to hospital successively order these premature were randomly divided into control group (Group A),high-dose group (Group B),low-dose group (Group A).Group A including 30 cases,subcutaneous injection of erythropoietin(EPO) from the 7th days after admission,750IU/kg weekly for 3 times,for 4 weeks.At the same time,plus iron 6mg/(kg·d).On the basis of the above-mentioned control treatment,oral administration of different doses of vitamin E was in the treatment group,for 4 weeks.Group B including 30 cases was given vitamin E 15mg/(kg·d).Group C including 30 cases was given vitamin E 2.5mg/(kg· d).The changes of each group during the treatment in hematocrit (Hct),hemoglobin(Hb),red blood cell(RBC),reticulocyte(Ret) and the changes of serum concentrations of vitamin E before and after treatment were observed.Results Hct,Hb,RBC,Ret in group B,group C patients were both improved.The improvement of the indicators was better than that of group A (P < 0.05).There was no significant difference between the improvement of each index of Group B and Group C(P > 0.05).Serum concentrations of vitamin E after treatment in group B and group C patients were significantly higher and the difference was statistically significant(P < 0.05).Serum concentration of vitamin E in group A didn't increase obviously.Conclusion Additional small doses of VitE should be given during EPO prevention of anemia in premature children.

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